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Acta Medica Philippina ; : 57-62, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980381


@#Heart failure (HF) is a major cause of significant morbidity, mortality, and hospitalization worldwide including the Philippines. Congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (C-TGA) occurs when the right atrium enters the morphological left ventricle which gives rise to the pulmonary artery and the left atrium communicates with the right ventricle which gives rise to the aorta. Heart failure can occur in C-TGA especially if associated with other heart defects. Ideal management is anatomic correction via surgery to prevent or address heart failure. Peritoneal dialysis has been used as a therapeutic intervention for patients with refractory heart failure and kidney injury with or without kidney failure due to its gentler fluid removal compared to conventional ultrafiltration resulting in less myocardial stunning and neurohormonal activation. We present the case of a patient with heart failure who started on peritoneal dialysis (PD) as an adjunct therapy for fluid management after failing to satisfactorily achieve volume control with diuretics. The patient is a 56-year-old man with C-TGA admitted for decompensated heart failure. He was initially treated with intravenous diuretics on the first admission but was readmitted after 3 months for decompensation this time with borderline low blood pressure making diuresis difficult. The patient was given loop diuretics, tolvaptan, and angiotensin receptor neprilysin inhibitor (ARNI) but still with decreasing trends in urine output and inadequate symptom control. PD was initiated before discharge with subsequent improvement in heart failure symptoms. The patient was on regular follow-up for PD maintenance and titration of heart failure medication. In this case report, we have shown how PD can be an effective adjunct to guideline-directed medical therapy in patients with severely symptomatic heart failure who have an unstable hemodynamic status and for which volume management cannot be satisfactorily achieved with diuretics.

Peritoneal Dialysis , Heart Failure , Heart Defects, Congenital , Congenitally Corrected Transposition of the Great Arteries , Diuresis , Ultrafiltration
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 42-47, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970944


Peritoneal ultrafiltration failure is a common reason for peritoneal dialysis (PD) withdrawal as well as mortality in PD patients. Based on the three-pore system, inter-cellular small pores and trans-cellular ultra-small pores (aquaporin-1) are mainly responsible for water transfer across the peritoneum. Both small and ultra-small pores-dependent water (free water) transport decline accompanied with time on PD, with more significant decrease in free water, resulting in peritoneal ultrafiltration failure. The reduction of free water transport is associated with fast peritoneal solute transfer, reduced crystalloid osmotic gradient due to increased interstitial glucose absorption, and declined osmotic conductance to glucose resulted from impaired aquaporin-1 function and peritoneal interstitial fibrosis. The decline of small pore-based water is mainly because of fast loss of crystalloid osmotic gradient, decrease of hydrostatic pressure mediated by peritoneal vasculopathy, as well as reduced absolute number of small pores. The current review discusses the advance on pathogenesis of acquired peritoneal ultrafiltration failure in long-term PD.

Humans , Peritoneum , Ultrafiltration , Dialysis Solutions , Peritoneal Dialysis/methods , Water , Glucose
Cambios rev. méd ; 21(1): 802, 30 Junio 2022. tabs.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1400592


INTRODUCCIÓN. La incorporación de nuevas tecnologías como la hemodiafiltración en línea, han mejorado parámetros metabólicos/nutricionales en los pacientes que se encontraban en hemodiálisis convencional; en la actualidad no existen datos registrados en la población ecuatoriana que se encuentra sometida a esta clase de tecnologías. OBJETIVO. Comparar la evolución clínico-metabólica de pacientes que estaban en hemodiálisis convencional y cambiaron a hemodiafiltración en línea, determinar si es favorable la migración de la terapia hemodialítica difusiva a convectiva y establecer si el cambio de terapia dialítica ocasionó resultados favorables. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Estudio analítico retrospectivo. Población y muestra de 38 pacientes enfermos renales crónicos en terapia de sustitución renal modalidad hemodiálisis convencional que cambiaron a hemodiafiltración en línea, independientemente del tiempo de diagnóstico y tratamiento en la unidad de hemodiálisis del Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín, Quito-Ecuador, durante el periodo marzo 2016 a marzo 2017. RESULTADOS. Los efectos nutricionales y metabólicos pudieron denotar mayor ponderación de resultados favorables en la modalidad de hemodiafiltración. En la estabilidad hemodinámica y la dosis de diálisis se evidenció una leve superioridad en la modalidad de hemodiafiltración en comparación a la Hemodiálisis. En las dosis administradas de Calcio, Hierro, Eritropoyetina y Calcitriol no existieron diferencias significativas entre las dos modalidades de tratamientos. CONCLUSIÓN. El cambio de modalidad de Hemodiálisis convencional a Hemodiafiltración en línea fue favorable, y mejoró los parámetros clínicos/metabólicos de los pacientes que requieren terapia de sustitución renal.

INTRODUCTION. The incorporation of new technologies such as online haemodiafiltration have improved metabolic/nutritional parameters in patients who were on conventional haemodialysis; At present, there are no registered data on the Ecuadorian population that is subjected to this kind of technology. OBJECTIVE. To compare the clinical-metabolic evolution of patients who were on conventional hemodialysis and changed to online hemodiafiltration, to determine if the migration from diffusive to convective hemodialysis therapy is favorable and to establish if the change in dialysis therapy caused favorable results. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Retrospective analytical study. Population and sample of 38 patients with chronic kidney disease in conventional hemodialysis modality renal replacement therapy who changed to online hemodiafiltration, regardless of the time of diagnosis and treatment in the hemodialysis unit of the Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín, Quito-Ecuador, during the period March 2016 to March 2017. RESULTS. The nutritional and metabolic effects could denote a greater weighting of favorable results in the hemodiafiltration modality. In hemodynamic stability and dialysis dose, a slight superiority was evidenced in the hemodiafiltration modality compared to hemodialysis. In the administered doses of Calcium, Iron, Erythropoietin and Calcitriol there were no significant differences between the two treatment modalities. CONCLUSION. The change of modality from conventional hemodialysis to online hemodiafiltration was favorable, and improved the clinical/metabolic parameters of patients requiring renal replacement therapy.

Humans , Male , Female , Ultrafiltration , Renal Dialysis , Hemodiafiltration , Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy , Hemodialysis Units, Hospital , Kidney Diseases
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 697-701, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984160


OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the interference of postmortem hemolysis on the detection of creatinine and whether ultrafiltration can reduce the interference.@*METHODS@#A total of 33 non-hemolyzed whole blood samples from the left heart were collected. Hemolyzed samples with 4 hemoglobin mass concentration gradients H1-H4 were artificially prepared. Ultrafiltration was performed on each hemolyzed sample. Creatinine concentrations in non-hemolyzed serum (baseline serum), hemolyzed samples and ultrafiltrate were detected. Bias (B), Pearson correlation and receiver operator characteristic (ROC) of baseline creatinine concentration between before and after ultrafiltration were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#As the hemoglobin mass concentration increased, B of the hemolyzed samples in the H1-H4 groups gradually increased, the |B| was 2.41(0.82, 8.25)-51.31(41.79, 188.25), reaching a maximum of 589.06%, and there was no statistically significant between the creatinine concentration and the baseline creatinine concentration (P=0.472 7, r=0.129 5). After ultrafiltration of hemolyzed samples, the interference of creatinine concentration in ultrafiltrate was significantly reduced, the |B| was 5.32(2.26, 9.22)-21.74(20.06, 25.58), reaching a maximum of 32.14%, and there was a positive correlation with baseline creatinine concentration (P<0.05, r=0.918 2). In the hemolyzed samples of H3 and H4 groups, there were 7 false-positive samples and 1 false-negative sample; in the ultrafiltrate samples, there were no false-positive sample and 1 false-negative sample. ROC analysis results showed the hemolyzed samples were lack of diagnostic value (P=0.117 5).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The postmortem hemolysis significantly interferes creatinine detection results of blood samples, ultrafiltration can reduce hemolysis-induced interference in postmortem creatinine detection.

Humans , Creatinine , Hemolysis , Ultrafiltration , Serum , Hemoglobins
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1209-1217, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927775


Recombinant HLA-Ⅰ molecules/antigenic peptide complexes (pHLA complexes) are applied in the research of human T cell-specific immune responses. The preparation of pHLA complex is based on genetic engineering and protein in vitro dilution and folding-refolding technology. In an in vitro refolding system, recombinant HLA-Ⅰ molecules correctly fold and bind with antigenic peptides to form complexes. In this study, ultrafiltration-high performance liquid chromatography (ultrafiltration-HPLC) was used for quantitative determination of the antigenic peptides in recombinant pHLA complexes, especially for those in a small amount of prepared products. By adding the recombinant HLA-Ⅰ molecules and antigenic peptides into the refolding buffer, the heavy chain (HC) and light chain (β2m) of recombinant HLA-Ⅰ molecules were refolded and bond with the VYF antigenic peptide containing anchor residues to form a pHLA complex. The unbound free antigenic peptide VYF was removed by ultrafiltration to retain the complex. Finally, the pHLA complex was treated by acid to destroy its interaction, thus releasing the antigenic peptide. The results showed that the prepared recombinant pHLA complex was recognized by HLA-Ⅰ molecule specific antibody W6/32, which indicated that the recombinant HLA-Ⅰ class molecule had correct folding and was identified as pHLA complex. The antigen peptide VYF contained in the pHLA complex was also detected by ultrafiltration-HPLC, so it is feasible to apply ultrafiltration-HPLC for determination of pHLA complex. Compared with Western blotting, the concentration of antigenic peptides detected by ultrafiltration-HPLC was 0-9 μg/mL. The binding conditions can be optimized according to the amount of antigenic peptides bound in the complex in order to improve the folding efficiency of HLA-Ⅰ molecules and promote the binding of HLA-Ⅰ molecules to antigenic peptides. The production rate of pHLA complexes in the refolding system can also be calculated according to the content of antigenic peptides bound by pHLA complexes. Therefore, ultrafiltration-HPLC in this study can be used for the quality control of the preparation process of pHLA complexes, and may facilitate the research of T cell-specific immunity, artificial antigen-presenting cells, and development of specific tetramer probe applications.

Humans , Amino Acid Sequence , Antigens , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Peptides/chemistry , Ultrafiltration
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 340-344, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941284


Objective: To investigate the safety and efficacy of ultrafiltration on diuretic sensitivity in heart failure patients with reduced ejection fraction and diuretic resistance. Methods: This was a single-center randomized controlled trial. A total of 148 heart failure patients with reduced ejection fraction admitted to the Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region from June 2010 to June 2020 were enrolled in this study, and these patients were randomly divided (ratio 1:1) into the ultrafiltration group (n=74) and the control group (n=74). All patients were treated with diuretics, cardiotonic, vasodilator and other comprehensive drugs according to relevant guidelines. After grouping, the patients in the control group were treated with standard treatment plan, while patients in the ultrafiltration group were treated with ultrafiltration on top of standard therapy. Diuretic drugs were discontinued during ultrafiltration, and intravenously furosemide (40 mg) was given immediately and 24 hours after the end of ultrafiltration. Clinical data including gender, age, complicated diseases, New York Heart Association (NYHA) function classification, etc. were collected. Effectiveness indicators include urine volume (the first 12-hour and 24-hour urine volume and the second 24-hour urine volume after using diuretic), body weight and dyspnea severity score. Safety indicators include systolic blood pressure, serum creatinine, serum Na+ concentration, blood K+ concentration and the number of deaths before and after intervention. Results: Two patients in the control group died due to worsening heart failure after randomization and were excluded in this study, 146 patients were finally analyzed (72 patients in the control group and 74 patients in the ultrafiltration group). There were 93 males, and the age was (68.3±11.2) years. There was no significant difference between patients in the ultrafiltration group and the control group in gender, age, body weight, course of disease, dyspnea severity score, NYHA function classification Ⅲ/Ⅳ, the proportion of patients with severe edema of both lower limbs, the proportion of patients with complicated diseases, and basic medication (all P>0.05). After using diuretics, the urine volume of the first 12-hour and 24-hour and the second 24-hour were significantly higher in the ultrafiltration group than in the control group (all P<0.05). Body weight decreased significantly after ultrafiltration treatment as compared with that before intervention in the ultrafiltration group (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the dyspnea severity score was significantly improved in the ultrafiltration group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in systolic blood pressure, serum creatinine, serum Na+ concentration, blood K+ concentration of patients between ultrafiltration group and control group before and after intervention (all P>0.05). During the clinical diagnosis and treatment, 2 male patients in the control group died, and the cause of death was aggravation of basic diseases complicated with acute heart failure and cardiogenic shock. There was no death in the ultrafiltration group, and there were no obvious clinical adverse events during and after ultrafiltration. Conclusion: Ultrafiltration therapy is safe and can improve diuretic sensitivity in heart failure patients with reduced ejection fraction and diuretic resistance.

Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Diuretics/therapeutic use , Furosemide/therapeutic use , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Stroke Volume , Ultrafiltration
Ciênc. cuid. saúde ; 20: e50308, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1356121


RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar a associação entre ultrafiltração e gravidade de pacientes diagnosticados com lesão renal aguda com complicações clínicas decorrentes da hemodiálise. Método: Estudo transversal realizado num hospital universitário do Sul do Brasil. Foram incluídas todas as fichas diárias de sessões de hemodiálise de pacientes com lesão renal aguda submetidos à hemodiálise entre setembro e novembro de 2017. Para obtenção dos dados, elaborou-se um instrumento de coleta. Adotou-se nível de significância inferior a 5%. Resultados: Os 103 pacientes estudados fizeram um total de 519 sessões de hemodiálise. Prevaleceram pacientes do sexo masculino (66,7%) com 60 anos ou mais (51,5%). Cerca de metade dos pacientes apresentou volume médio de ultrafiltração >1501ml (51,5%). A maioria foi considerada grave (72,8%). Dentre as complicações, a mais prevalente foi a hipotensão (69,9%). A realização de um maior volume de ultrafiltração não se associou às complicações estudadas. Pacientes graves apresentaram maior chance para ocorrência de hipotensão (p<0,001 e OR: 33,73). Conclusão: Hipotensão durante a hemodiálise foi uma complicação frequente, ocorrendo em cerca de metade dos pacientes. Como não esteve associada a volumes maiores de ultrafiltração, conclui-se que, possivelmente, a maior gravidade do paciente seja um fator explicativo para o desenvolvimento dessa complicação.

RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar la asociación entre ultrafiltración y gravedad de pacientes diagnosticados con lesión renal aguda con complicaciones clínicas derivadas de la hemodiálisis. Método: estudio transversal realizado en un hospital universitario del Sur de Brasil. Se incluyeron todas las fichas diarias de sesiones de hemodiálisis de pacientes con lesión renal aguda sometidos a hemodiálisis entre septiembre y noviembre de 2017. Para obtener los datos, se elaboró un instrumento de recolección. Se adoptó un nivel de significancia inferior al 5%. Resultados: los 103 pacientes estudiados realizaron un total de 519 sesiones de hemodiálisis. Prevalecieron pacientes varones (66,7%) con 60 años o más (51,5%). Cerca de la mitad de los pacientes presentó volumen medio de ultrafiltración >1501ml (51,5%). La mayoría fue considerada grave (72,8%). Entre las complicaciones, la más prevalente fue la hipotensión (69,9%). La realización de un mayor volumen de ultrafiltración no se asoció a las complicaciones estudiadas. Pacientes graves presentaron mayor predicción de ocurrencia de hipotensión (P0,001 y OR: 33,73). Conclusión: hipotensión durante la hemodiálisis fue una complicación frecuente, ocurriendo en aproximadamente la mitad de los pacientes. Como no estuvo asociada a volúmenes mayores de ultrafiltración, se concluye que, posiblemente, la mayor gravedad del paciente sea un factor explicativo para el desarrollo de esa complicación.

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the association between ultrafiltration and severity of patients diagnosed with acute renal injury with clinical complications resulting from hemodialysis. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a teaching hospital in southern Brazil. We included all daily records of hemodialysis sessions of patients with acute kidney injury who underwent hemodialysis between September and November 2017. For data collection, an instrument was developed. A significance level of less than 5% was adopted. Results: The 103 patients under studywent through a total of 519 hemodialysis sessions. Most were male patients (66.7%) aged 60 years or older (51.5%). About half of the patients had mean ultrafiltration volume >1501ml (51.5%). Most were considered critical (72.8%). Among the complications, hypotension (69.9%) was the most prevalent. The performance of a higher volume of ultrafiltration was not associated with the studied complications. Patients with severity showed a higher chance of hypotension (p<0.001 and OR: 33.73). Conclusion: Hypotension during hemodialysis was a frequent complication, presented by nearly half of the patients. As it was not associated with larger ultrafiltration volumes, it is concluded that, possibly, the greater severity of the patient is an explanatory factor for the onset of this complication.

Humans , Male , Female , Patients , Ultrafiltration , Renal Dialysis , Acute Kidney Injury , Patient Acuity , Hypotension , Intensive Care Units , Kidney
Rev. colomb. nefrol. (En línea) ; 7(1): 84-96, ene.-jun. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1144376


Resumen La terapia de acuaféresis ha sido estudiada como una herramienta terapéutica para pacientes con sobrecarga de volumen refractaria al tratamiento con diuréticos de asa. Su objetivo principal es mitigar el impacto clínico de esta sobrecarga en los pacientes con insuficiencia cardiaca descompensada y SCR, reconociendo de esta manera los balances acumulados positivos en los pacientes críticamente enfermos como un factor independiente de mortalidad. Se realizó una búsqueda en las principales bases de datos científicas sobre la terapia de acuaféresis. Se incluyeron guías de manejo, ensayos clínicos controlados, revisiones sistemáticas y metaanálisis. Las bases bibliográficas que arrojaron resultados relevantes fueron Web of Sciences, Scopus, PubMed y SciELO y en total se encontraron 47 referencias bibliográficas publicadas entre 2005 y 2017. La acuaféresis es una terapia de ultrafiltración patentada que mejora la sobrecarga refractaria en pacientes con insuficiencia cardiaca congestiva. Hay brechas en el conocimiento en relación a su costo-efectividad, a los eventos adversos graves que se le atribuyen y a los candidatos que beneficia, por tanto, se requieren más estudios de calidad para llegar a conclusiones sólidas. Hasta el momento no hay evidencia contundente que respalde el uso sistemático y rutinario de la terapia de acuaféresis en las unidades de cuidado intensivo.

Abstract The therapy of Aquapheresis has been studied as a therapeutic tool for patients with volume overload refractory to treatment with ASA diuretics, whose main objective is to mitigate the clinical impact of the same in patients with decompensated heart failure and cardiorenal syndrome, recognizing positive cumulative balances in critically ill patients as a factor regardless of mortality. A search was made in the main scientific databases for review articles, and studies that included the Acuapheresis strategy. Bibliographic references were found in databases from 2005 to 2017. Aquapheresis therapy is a patented ultrafiltration therapy aimed at improving refractory overload in patients with congestive heart failure. There are gaps in knowledge regarding cost-effectiveness therapy, real adverse adverse event relationships attributable to it and candidates will benefit, and we believe that more quality studies are required to reach solid conclusions. So far there is no compelling evidence to support Aquapheresis therapy to implement its routine and routine use of the ICU.

Humans , Male , Female , Therapeutics , Patients , Ultrafiltration , Colombia , Dialysis , Acute Kidney Injury , Cardio-Renal Syndrome
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 56: e18993, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249146


A repetitive batch process was employed followed by membrane ultrafiltration system to produce low-cost cyclodextrins (CDs) using commercial enzymes Toruzyme® cyclomaltodextrin glucanotransferase (CGTase) and its kinetic parameters were determined. The ultrafiltration system enabled the removalof inhibitory products from the reaction medium, allowing the enzyme to be recovered for reuse. A 10 kDa membrane was used to separate the different CDs produced by the CGTase. The substrates evaluated were maltodextrin, corn starch and cassava starch at 5, 10 and 15% (w/V), in the presence and absence of 10% (V/V) ethanol. After reaction for 132 h, 10% (w/V) cassava starch in the presence of ethanol provided the best results with 32.1 mg/mL of ß-CD. Maximum production occurred after 72 h of reaction, with a yield of 87.4% of ß-CD and an α-CD, ß-CD and γ-CD production ratio of 1:1:0.08 g, respectively. When eight repetitive batches of 72 h followed by ultrafiltration and crystallization of ß-CD were performed, 2.1 g of precipitate was obtained with a purity of 67.6% ß-CD. The supernatant from the crystallization process was lyophilized and resulted in 35.3% α-CD. The developed model can be used industrially for the production of low cost CDs from easily obtained raw material

Ultrafiltration/instrumentation , Models, Economic , Low Cost Technology/analysis , Cyclodextrins/pharmacology , Starch and Fecula , Crystallization/classification
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3908-3914, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828368


G-quadruplex DNA has become an important target for tumor therapy and anti-tumor development. Modern pharmacology has proved that Macleaya cordata has anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, anti-tumor and other pharmacological effects. Affinity ultrafiltration method can screen active ingredients from compounds rapidly, but G-quadruplex DNA ligands are difficult to dissociate, which is a key step in conventional ultrafiltration method. In this paper, the filtrates after ultrafiltration were determined by HPLC-MS in substitution. The peaks with 20% reduction of MS response from the incubation vs control were considered to be ligand components to G-quadruplex. Two of the peaks with the relative abundance above 30% were identified as sanguinarine(SAN) and chelerine(CHE). Their circular dichroism conformations further proved that SAN and CHE are active ligands of HT4. In addition, another two gradients with high relative abundance were identified as protopine(PRO) and allpcryprotopine(ALL). The binding rate of SAN, CHE, PRO and ALL was calculated according to the HPLC-MS results, and the results showed a consistency with that of the molecular docking method. The proposed method can be used to screen active components from mixture.

Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , G-Quadruplexes , Ligands , Mass Spectrometry , Molecular Docking Simulation , Ultrafiltration
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 337-340, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985122


Objective To investigate the treatment effect of hollow fiber ultrafiltration technology on hemolytic samples and the differences between IgE concentration and serum concentration before hemolysis in ultrafiltrate. Methods The 33 postmortem blood samples of non-frozen corpses within 72 hours after death were collected, 4 mL blood was taken from each case, among which 1 mL was centrifuged to get serum, and the remaining 3 mL blood was frozen-thawed 3-5 times to cause complete hemolysis. The 2 mL hemolytic samples were processed by hollow fiber ultrafiltration to obtain ultrafiltrate. The hemoglobin concentration in serum, complete hemolytic sample and ultrafiltrate was determined by Van-Zij solution-cyanated methemoglobin assay method, and the total IgE in serum and ultrafiltrate was determined by electrochemical luminescence method. Results The hemoglobin concentration in ultrafiltrate was significantly lower than that in complete hemolytic samples (P<0.05). There was a good correlation between the total IgE detection values of ultrafiltrate and serum (r=0.984). The difference between the serum and the value of IgE in ultrafiltrate after correction had no statistical significance, and the differences between the two in positive rates had no statistical significance (P>0.05). Conclusion Ultrafiltration technology has a good treatment effect on complete hemolytic samples, and the correction value of ultrafiltrate detection is close to the serum level before hemolysis, and therefore, it can be applied to the detection of total IgE of frozen corpse hemolytic samples.

Humans , Autopsy , Hemolysis , Immunoglobulin E/analysis , Serum , Ultrafiltration
Insuf. card ; 13(2): 72-86, 01/06/2018. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-914691


Los pacientes con insuficiencia cardíaca descompensada presentan un estado congestivo. La inmensa mayoría de las veces es debido a la activación de mecanismos neurohormonales que provocan la retención de sodio y agua a nivel renal. Esta activación y la congestión pueden devenir en la alteración de la función renal (síndrome cardio-renal). El tratamiento de la congestión se basa en el uso de diuréticos, pero la inmensa mayoría de estos pacientes presentan resistencia a los mismos, además de sufrir diferentes efectos secundarios por su uso, como las alteraciones hidroelectrolíticas. Terapias como la ultrafiltración o la diálisis peritoneal se han valorado en el tratamiento de la insuficiencia cardíaca congestiva. Nuestro objetivo es hacer una aproximación al lector de las alternativas al tratamiento diurético en el paciente congestivo, centrándonos, prioritariamente, en la ultrafiltración.

Patients with decompensated heart failure have a congestive state. Volume overloaded state is due to neurohormonal mechanisms activation that cause the retention of sodium and water by the kidney. This activation and congestion can lead to impaired renal function (cardio-renal syndrome). Congestive treatment is based on use of diuretics but the vast majority of these patients have diuretic resistance, as well as suffering from different side effects due to their use such as hydroelectrolytic alterations. Therapies such ultrafiltration or peritoneal dialysis have been evaluated in the treatment of congestive heart failure. Our objective is to make an approximation of other therapeutic strategies specially on ultrafiltration to resolve congestive state.

Pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca descompensada apresentam um estado congestivo. A grande maioria é devido à ativação de mecanismos neuro-hormonais que causam a retenção de sódio e água nos rins. Essa ativação e congestão podem resultar em comprometimento da função renal (síndrome cardio-renal). O tratamento da congestão baseia-se no uso de diuréticos, mas a grande maioria destes pacientes têm a mesma resistência, e sofrem de diversos efeitos colaterais por utilização, como perturbações electrolíticas. Terapias como ultrafiltração ou diálise peritoneal foram avaliadas no tratamento da insuficiência cardíaca congestiva. Nosso objetivo é aproximar o leitor das alternativas ao tratamento diurético no paciente congestivo, enfocando, principalmente, a ultrafiltração.

Humans , Diuretics , Heart Failure , Ultrafiltration
Kidney Research and Clinical Practice ; : 393-403, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718614


BACKGROUND: This study compared nutritional parameters in hemodialysis (HD) subjects and controls using bioimpedance analysis (BIA) and investigated how BIA components changed before and after HD. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 147 subjects on maintenance HD from two hospitals and 298 propensity score-matched controls from one healthcare center. BIA was performed pre- and post-HD at mid-week dialysis sessions. RESULTS: Extracellular water/total body water (ECW/TBW) and waist-hip ratio were higher in the HD patients; the other variables were higher in the control group. The cardiothoracic ratio correlated best with overhydration (r = 0.425, P < 0.01) in HD subjects. Blood pressure, hemoglobin, creatinine, and uric acid positively correlated with the lean tissue index in controls; however, most of these nutritional markers did not show significant correlations in HD subjects. Normal hydrated weight was predicted to be higher in the pre-HD than post-HD measurements. Predicted ultrafiltration (UF) volume difference based on pre- and post-HD ECW/TBW and measured UF volume difference showed a close correlation (r 2 = 0.924, P < 0.01). Remarkably, the leg phase angle increased in the post-HD period. CONCLUSION: The estimated normal hydrated weight using ECW/TBW can be a good marker for determining dry weight. HD subjects had higher ECW/TBW but most nutritional indices were inferior to those of controls. It was possible to predict UF volume differences using BIA, but the post-HD increase in leg phase angle, a nutritional marker, must be interpreted with caution.

Humans , Blood Pressure , Body Water , Creatinine , Cross-Sectional Studies , Delivery of Health Care , Dialysis , Leg , Nutrition Assessment , Nutritional Status , Renal Dialysis , Ultrafiltration , Uric Acid , Waist-Hip Ratio
Childhood Kidney Diseases ; : 86-90, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739192


Non-infectious complications of peritoneal dialysis (PD) are relatively less common than infectious complications but are a potentially serious problem in patients on chronic PD. Here, we present a case of a non-infectious complication of PD in a 13-year-old boy on chronic PD who presented with symptoms such as hypertension, edema, dyspnea, and decreased ultrafiltration. Chest and abdominal radiography showed pleural effusion and migration of the PD catheter tip. Laparoscopic PD catheter reposition was performed because PD catheter malfunction was suspected. However, pleural effusion relapsed whenever the dialysate volume increased. To identify peritoneal leakage, computed tomography (CT) peritoneography was performed, and a defect of the peritoneum in the left lower abdomen with contrast leakage to the left rectus and abdominis muscles was observed. He was treated conservatively by transiently decreasing the volume of night intermittent PD and gradually increasing the volume. At the 2-year follow-up visit, the patient had not experienced similar symptoms. Patients on PD who present with refractory or recurrent pleural effusion that does not respond to therapy should be assessed for the presence of infection, catheter malfunction, and pleuroperitoneal communication. Thoracentesis and CT peritoneography are useful for evaluating pleural effusion, and timely examination is important for identifying the defect or fistula.

Adolescent , Humans , Male , Abdomen , Catheters , Dyspnea , Edema , Fistula , Follow-Up Studies , Hypertension , Muscles , Peritoneal Dialysis , Peritoneum , Pleural Effusion , Radiography, Abdominal , Thoracentesis , Thorax , Ultrafiltration
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : 349-357, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-57412


Clinical examination, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) cytology, acute-phase protein, and pulmonary hemostasis and fibrinolysis marker (fibrinogen, serum amyloid A [SAA], and D-dimer) results were compared between control and respiratory disease-affected horses. Using a clinical scoring system, horses (n = 58) were classified as respiratory disease-free (Controls, n = 15) or with recurrent airway obstruction (RAO; n = 18), inflammatory airway disease (n = 14) or chronic interstitial pneumopathy (n = 11). There were no significant differences in fibrinogen concentrations among groups, but there was a trend toward a lower value in controls (median 0.0024 g/L) than in horses with chronic pneumopathies (median 0.0052 g/L), in particular, those with RAO (median 0.0062 g/L). Fibrinogen concentration was positively correlated with percentage of neutrophils in BALF (r(s) = 0.377, p = 0.004). SAA concentrations were low; 65.5% of samples were below the detection limit. D-dimer concentrations were also low and quantifiable concentrations were only obtained after ultrafiltration and only in RAO (median 0.1 mg/L). In conclusion, there was limited evidence of increased coagulatory activity in chronic pneumopathies, apart from RAO. It is uncertain whether fibrinogen and D-dimer concentrations increased due to their role as acute-phase proteins or as a misbalance of coagulation and fibrinolysis.

Acute-Phase Proteins , Airway Obstruction , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Fibrinogen , Fibrinolysis , Hemostasis , Horses , Limit of Detection , Neutrophils , Serum Amyloid A Protein , Ultrafiltration
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 121-141, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812132


Ultrafiltration is one of the most fascinating technologies, which makes it possible to improve the quality of traditional medicines for application in the pharmaceutical industry. However, researchers have paid little attention to the effect of ultrafiltration membrane on traditional medicines chemical constituents. In this work, Ophiopogon japonicus (L.f) Ker-Gawl. was used as an example to illuminate the influence of ultrafiltration with different material and molecular weight cut-off (MWCO) membrane on natural chemical constituents as measured by ultra-fast liquid chromatography coupled with ion trap time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UFLC-IT-TOF/MS). Our results indicated that ultrafiltration membrane significantly impacted homoisoflavonoids, especially homoisoflavonoids that were almost completely retained on the polyethersulfone (PES) membrane. We also found that the larger number of aglycone hydroxy and sugar moiety in steroid saponins, the higher the transmittance. Furthermore, the passage rate (%) of ophiogenin type saponins was higher than that of others. The possible adsorptive mechanisms were hydrogen bonding, hydrophobic interactions, and benzene ring interaction by π-π stacking. In conclusion, it is crucial to choose appropriate ultrafiltration membrane based on the characteristics of produce products for application of ultrafiltration technique.

Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Chromatography, Liquid , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Isoflavones , Molecular Structure , Molecular Weight , Ophiopogon , Chemistry , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Polymers , Saponins , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization , Methods , Sulfones , Ultrafiltration , Methods
Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine ; (6): 201-210, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-644035


Injury to podocytes is an early event in diabetic nephropathy leading to proteinuria with possible progression to end-stage renal failure. The podocytes are unique and highly specialized cells that cover the outer layer of kidney ultrafiltration barrier and play an important role in glomerular function. In the past few decades, adult stem cells, such as mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) with a regenerative and differentiative capacity have been extensively used in cell-based therapies. In addition to their capability for regeneration and differentiation, MSCs contributes to their milieu by paracrine action of a series of growth factors via antiapoptotic, mitogenic and other cytokine actions that actively participate in treatment of podocyte damage through prevention of podocyte effacement, detachment and apoptosis. It is hoped that novel stem cell-based therapies will be developed in the future to prevent podocyte injury, thereby reducing the burden of kidney disease.

Adult Stem Cells , Apoptosis , Diabetic Nephropathies , Hope , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Kidney , Kidney Diseases , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Podocytes , Proteinuria , Regeneration , Ultrafiltration
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 3(4): 1025-1030, dic. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1095252


One of the goals of hemodialysis is to maintain normal hydration status in ESRD patients.Pre hemodialysis systolic blood pressure is usually used as a clinical parameter of hydration status and to set ultrafiltration rate before Hd. It is unclear how much pre-Hd SBP correlated with hydration status. The aimwas to determine correlation between pre-Hd SBP and hydration status before Hd. An observational correlation study was performed in two dialysis centers in Santiago, Chile, from January-June, 2011. Adult patients inHd for at least three months, who gave their informed consent were included. Patients with pacemaker,amputee, hospitalized and metallic prostheses were excluded. Total-body water and over hydrated were assessed with bioimpedance spectroscopy before the first and third dialysis session of the week. Pre-Hd SBP,pre-Hd body weight, pre-Hd TBW and pre-Hd OH, were analyzed using Pearson correlation and linear regressionmodel. 96 measurements were assessed, 52 % were male with median age 59.5 years. The correlationbetween pre-Hd SBP and pre-Hd overhydration was r=0.33, and total body water r=0.15, with a predictedvalue, R2=0.10 and R2 =0.14 respectively. Pre-Hd SBP had low correlation with pre-Hd hydration status and by itself, is not a reliable parameter to set ultrafiltration rate before Hd. Nevertheless Pre-Hd body weight predicted in 70 % the pre-Hd TBW.

Uno de los objetivos de la hemodiálisis es mantener la hidratación normal en pacientes ESRD. La presión arterial sistólica pre hemodiálisis, es usualmente utilizada como parámetro clínico del estado de hidratación y para fijar la velocidad de ultrafiltración antes de la hemodialisis. No está claro cuanto se correlacionan la presión arterial sistólica prehemodialysis con el estado de hidratación. El objetivo fue determinar la correlación entre la PAS prehemodiálisis y el estado de hidratación antes de Hd. Se realizó un estudio de correlación observacional en dos centros de diálisis de Santiago de Chile, de Enero a Junio de 2011. Se incluyeron pacientes adultos en HD durante al me-nos tres meses que dieran su consentimiento informado. Se excluyeron los pacientes con marcapasos, amputados, hospitalizados y pró-tesis metálicas. El agua corporal total y el exceso de hidratación se evaluaron con espectroscopia 1030 de bioimpedancia antes de la primera y tercera sesión de diálisis de la semana. Pre-Hd PAS, pre-Hd peso corporal, pre-Hd ACT y pre-Hd OH, se analizaron utilizando el modelo de correlación y regresión lineal de Pearson. Se evaluaron 96 mediciones, 52% eran hombres con edad media 59, 5 años. La correlación entre la PAS pre-Hd y la sobrehidratación pre-Hd fue r=0, 33 y agua corporal total r=0, 15, con un valor predicho, R2= 0, 10 y R2 = 0, 14 respectivamente. Existe baja correlación entre la PAS Pre-Hd con el esta-do de hidratación pre-Hd y por lo mismo, no es un parámetro confiable para establecer la tasa de ultrafiltración antes de Hd. Sin embargo, el peso corporal Pre-Hd predijo en un 70% el agua corporal total pre-Hd.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Water-Electrolyte Balance/physiology , Blood Pressure/physiology , Renal Dialysis/methods , Spectrum Analysis , Systole , Body Fluids/physiology , Ultrafiltration , Linear Models , Electric Impedance , Correlation of Data
Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo ; 26(1): 34-38, jan.-mar.2016.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, SES-SP | ID: lil-789774


A otimização das medidas para controle volêmico tem papel preponderante naabordagem de pacientes com disfunção cardíaca e renal combinada, uma vez quealterações crônicas ou agudas em um desses órgãos, em geral, induzem ou perpetuam anormalidades (funcionais e/ou estruturais) no outro. Esta revisão de literatura propõe uma análise sobre as principais medidas terapêuticas no cardiopata com disfunção renal...

Optimizing the methods used in the control of volemia is very important in the treatment of patients with combined heart and renal dysfunction, as chronic or acute changes in either of these organs generally induces or perpetuates abnormalities (functional and/orstructural) in the other. This literature review analyzes the main therapeutic methods used in heart disease with renal dysfunction...

Humans , Male , Female , Heart Failure/complications , Heart Failure/therapy , Renal Insufficiency/complications , Renal Insufficiency/therapy , Cardio-Renal Syndrome/diagnosis , Cardio-Renal Syndrome/therapy , Heart Diseases/complications , Heart Diseases/diagnosis , Shock, Cardiogenic , Peritoneal Dialysis/methods , Risk Factors , Ultrafiltration/methods
Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo ; 26(1): 39-45, jan.-mar.2016.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-789775


A congestão pulmonar aguda no paciente com doença cardíaca é uma manifestação clínica de extrema gravidade, ocorrendo em aproximadamente 25% dos casosde insuficiência cardíaca aguda. O diagnóstico é essencialmente clínico, baseado na anamnese e exame físico. Os exames complementares não devem retardar o início do tratamento na sala de emergência. Descontrole pressórico, progressão da doença valvar, infarto do miocárdio e arritmias são fatores desencadeantes frequentes paraedema agudo de pulmão. O tratamento inicial fundamenta-se na suplementação de oxigênio e suporte ventilatório, administração de opioides, diuréticos e vasodilatadores endovenosos. Inotrópicos estão indicados na presença de instabilidade hemodinâmicacom disfunção orgânica...

Acute pulmonary congestion in patients with cardiac disease is a clinical manifestation of extreme severity, occurring in approximately 25% of cases of acute heart failure. Diagnosis is essentially clinical, based on history and physical examination. Complementarytests should not delay the start of treatment in the emergency room. Uncontrolled blood pressure, progression of valvular disease, myocardial infarction, and arrhythmias are common triggers for acute pulmonary edema. Initial treatment is based on supplemental oxygen and ventilatory support, administration of opioids, intravenous diuretics, andvasodilators. Inotropic agents are indicated in the presence of hemodynamic instability with organ dysfunction...

Humans , Pulmonary Edema/complications , Pulmonary Edema/therapy , Heart Failure/diagnosis , Heart Failure/therapy , Heart Atria , Cardiotonic Agents , Dyspnea/complications , Diuretics/administration & dosage , Echocardiography, Doppler/methods , Electrocardiography/methods , Risk Factors , Morphine/administration & dosage , Ultrafiltration/methods , Vasodilator Agents/administration & dosage