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Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 553-557, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986889


OBJECTIVE@#To compare the safety and effectiveness of active migration technique and in situ lithotripsy technique in the treatment of 1-2 cm upper ureteral calculi by retrograde flexible ureteroscopy.@*METHODS@#A total of 90 patients with 1-2 cm upper ureteral calculi treated in the urology department of Beijing Friendship Hospital from August 2018 to August 2020 were selected as the subjects. The patients were divided into two groups using random number table: 45 patients in group A were treated with in situ lithotripsy and 45 patients in group B were treated with active migration technique. The active migration technique was to reposition the stones in the renal calyces convenient for lithotripsy with the help of body position change, water flow scouring, laser impact or basket displacement, and then conduct laser lithotripsy and stone extraction. The data of the patients before and after operation were collected and statistically analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The age of the patients in group A was (51.6±14.1) years, including 34 males and 11 females. The stone diameter was (1.48±0.24) cm, and the stone density was (897.8±175.9) Hu. The stones were located on the left in 26 cases and on the right in 19 cases. There were 8 cases with no hydronephrosis, 20 cases with grade Ⅰ hydronephrosis, 11 cases with grade Ⅱ hydronephrosis, and 6 cases with grade Ⅲ hydronephrosis. The age of the patients in group B was (51.8±13.7) years, including 30 males and 15 females. The stone diameter was (1.52±0.22) cm, and the stone density was (964.6±214.2) Hu. The stones were located on the left in 22 cases and on the right in 23 cases. There were 10 cases with no hydronephrosis, 23 cases with grade Ⅰ hydronephrosis, 8 cases with grade Ⅱ hydronephrosis, and 4 cases with grade Ⅲ hydronephrosis. There was no significant diffe-rence in general parameters and stone indexes between the two groups. The operation time of group A was (67.1±16.9) min and the lithotripsy time was (38.0±13.2) min. The operation time of group B was (72.2±14.8) min and the lithotripsy time was (40.6±12.6) min. There was no significant difference between the two groups. Four weeks after operation, the stone-free rate in group A was 86.7%, and in group B was 97.8%. There was no significant difference between the two groups. In terms of complications, 25 cases of hematuria, 16 cases of pain, 10 cases of bladder spasm and 4 cases of mild fever occurred in group A. There were 22 cases of hematuria, 13 cases of pain, 12 cases of bladder spasm and 2 cases of mild fever in group B. There was no significant difference between the two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Active migration technique is safe and effective in the treatment of 1-2 cm upper ureteral calculi.

Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Ureteral Calculi/surgery , Hematuria/therapy , Ureteroscopy/methods , Lithotripsy/methods , Lithotripsy, Laser/methods , Hydronephrosis/complications , Pain , Treatment Outcome , Retrospective Studies
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(6): 567-572, dic. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388768


Resumen Objetivo: Establecer validez aparente, de contenido y constructo, de un programa de simulación de ureterorrenoscopía flexible. Materiales y Método: Se desarrolló un modelo de simulación de silicona para ureterorrenoscopía flexible, en el cual se establecieron 8 marcas de colores en los distintos cálices. Para la validación, se reclutaron urólogos expertos y residentes de urología con experiencia variable en este procedimiento. Se separaron en 3 grupos: G1 para residentes sin experiencia en ureteroscopía, G2 para residentes con experiencia variable y G3 para urólogos expertos. Se les solicitó realizar una navegación completa del modelo, en un tiempo máximo de 600 segundos. Al finalizar, cada participante contestó una encuesta respecto a la utilidad y realismo del modelo. Además, se midió tiempo total, número de puntos encontrados y cantidad de veces de reingreso a los cálices para validación de constructo. Resultados: 15 personas participaron en la evaluación. Se obtuvo una mediana de 8,6 puntos para la utilidad del modelo y 6,75 puntos para el realismo de este. Los tiempos totales de navegación fueron 504, 293 y 133 segundos para G1, G2 y G3 respectivamente (p = 0,02). De las 8 marcas, se encontraron en promedio 5,1, 6,6 y 7,3 (p = 0,18), presentando un promedio de 9,5, 3,8 y 1,3 reintentos de exploración de los cálices en los respectivos grupos (p = 0,11). Conclusiones: Se establece validez aparente y contenido para un modelo de ureterorrenoscopía flexible. El programa de simulación de ureterorrenoscopía flexible establecido, permite diferenciar novatos de expertos en cuanto a reducción en los tiempos de navegación.

Aim: To establish the face, content, and construction validity of a flexible ureterorenoscopy simulation program. Materials and Method: A simulation model for flexible ureterorenoscopy was developed using silicone on which eight colored marks were marked on the calyxes. For validation, expert urologists and residents with varying amounts of experience in this procedure were recruited. They were separated into three groups: 1) G1 for residents without experience in ureteroscopy; 2) G2 for residents with variable experience; and 3) G3 for expert urologists. They were asked to perform a full navigation of the model in a maximum time of 600 sec. At the end, each participant answered a survey regarding the usefulness and realistic nature of the model. In addition, total time, number of marks found, and times of re-entry to the calyxes were measured. Results: A median of 8.6 points was obtained for the utility of the model and 6.75 points for its realistic nature. The total navigation times were 504, 293, and 133 seconds for G1, G2, and G3, respectively (p = 0.02). Of the eight marks, an average of 5.1, 6.6, and 7.3, (p = 0.18) were found with an average of 9.5, 3.8, and 1.3 exploration reattempts at the chalices in the corresponding groups (p = 0.11). Conclusions: Face and content validity was established for this simulation model of flexible ureterorenoscopy. This flexible ureterorenoscopy simulation program allowed us to differentiate the level of expertise in terms of reduction in navigation time.

Humans , Clinical Competence , Ureteroscopy/education , Models, Anatomic , Ureteroscopy/methods , Printing, Three-Dimensional/trends
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(5): 786-793, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134218


ABSTRACT Objective: This study aims to design a novel semirigid ureterorenoscope with irrigation and vacuum suction system and a modified ureteral access sheath (UAS) named Sotn ureterorenoscope® (Sotn=ShuoTong Medical Company) to overcome the deficiencies of the current procedure and to improve the efficiency and safety of using Sotn ureterorenoscope® for treatment of upper urinary calculi. Materials and Methods: Fifty-eight patients, comprising 31 males and 27 females, were evaluated. The medical records of 58 patients with upper urinary calculi treated with Sotn ureterorenoscope® from March 2015 to June 2017 were retrospectively reviewed at the Second Affiliate Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine in China. The primary outcome was stone-free rate (SFR) assessed by computed tomography on the 1st day and one month after treatment. The secondary outcome was postoperative complication rate. Results: The mean and SD of operative duration was 48.5 (10.4) min, and the mean and SD of stone size was 15.6 (5.6) mm. The primary overall SFR was 89.7% (52/58) and 100% at 1 month follow-up. Complication, which was Clavien I (minor fever managed by antipyretic therapy), was detected in 1.7% (1/58) of the patients. Conclusions: Sotn ureterorenoscope® is technically feasible, efficacious and safe for treatment of upper urinary calculi because of its advantages of high SFR and low complication rates.

Humans , Male , Prostatic Neoplasms/complications , Ureteral Calculi/surgery , Ureteral Calculi/diagnostic imaging , Ureteroscopy/methods , Postoperative Complications , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Kidney Calculi , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , China , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Ureteroscopes
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(6): 1161-1166, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056350


ABSTRACT Purpose: To compare two-shift operation mode and single player mode different impact on surgical results and operator comfort in flexible ureteroscopic holmium laser lithotripsy for renal calculi larger than 1.5cm. Materials and Methods: From december 2017 to december 2018, 92 patients with renal calculi admitted to Qilu Hospital and were treated through flexible ureteroscopy. They were randomized in two-shift group (n=50) and single player group (n=42). The operative time, blood loss, hospitalization stay after operation, residual fragments (≥4mm) rate, fragmentation speed, postoperative complications and operator's fatigue score were compared. Results: There was no significant difference between two groups regarding age, gender, illness side, stone size, blood loss, operative time, postoperative hospitalization stay, complications, etc (p >0.05). The fragmentation speed was 44.5±20.0mm3/min in two-shift group compared with 34.2±17.3mm3/min in single player group (p=0.037). Residual fragments (≥4mm) rate after first surgery was 18% in two-shift group, while the residual fragments (≥4mm) rate was 40.5% after first surgery in single player group (p=0.017). The total fatigue score of two-shift group was 8.4 compared to 29.9 in single player group (p <0.001). Conclusion: In flexible ureteroscopic holmium laser lithotripsy for the treatment of renal calculi larger than 1.5cm, two-shift operation mode can raise the fragmentation speed and stone clearance rate, as well as significantly lower operator's fatigue level and improve operator's comfort.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Kidney Calculi/surgery , Lithotripsy, Laser/methods , Ureteroscopy/methods , Lasers, Solid-State/therapeutic use , Postoperative Complications , Kidney Calculi/pathology , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Lithotripsy, Laser/instrumentation , Ureteroscopy/instrumentation , Equipment Design , Operative Time , Ergonomics , Length of Stay , Middle Aged
Notas enferm. (Córdoba) ; 19(33): 40-48, jun.2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1008164


Este trabajo muestra el uso del láser Holmium en procedimientos endourológicos, el mismo se utiliza en dos técnicas quirúrgicas: Ureteroscopía y Enucleación de próstata con láser Holmium (HoLEP), las cuales se realizan con mayor frecuencia en la institución. Son procedimientos en los que el trabajo interdisciplinario, en equipo, tiene como principal objetivo mejorar la calidad de vida de nuestros pacientes. En esta institución, desde el año 2017, se realizó un cálculo de procedimientos en los cuales se utilizó el láser Holmium. En la muestra se detallan: 28 HoLEP, 27 ureteroscopías y 3 litotricias endovesicales. Este es un trabajo con modalidad monográfca y con la experiencia en terreno de tan solo un año aproximadamente(AU)

Tis work shows the use of the Holmium laser in endourological procedures, which is used in two surgical techniques: Ureteroscopy and Enucleation of prostate with Holmium laser (HoLEP), which are performed more frequently in the institution. Tese are procedures in which interdisciplinary work, as a team, has as its main objective to improve the quality of life of our patients. In this institution, since 2017, a calculation of procedures in which the Holmium laser was used was performed. Te sample shows: 28 HoLEP, 27 ureteroscopies and 3 endovesical lithotripsies. Tis is a monographic work with feld experience of only about one year(AU)

Este trabalho mostra o uso do laser de hólmio em procedimentos endourológicos, que é utilizado em duas técnicas cirúrgicas: Ureteroscopia e Enucleação de próstata com laser de hólmio (HoLEP), que são realizadas com maior frequência na instituição. São procedimentos em que o trabalho interdisciplinar, como equipe, tem como principal objetivo melhorar a qualidade de vida de nossos pacientes. Nesta instituição, desde 2017, foi realizado um cálculo dos procedimentos em que foi utilizado o laser de hólmio. A amostra mostra: 28 HoLEP, 27 ureteroscopies e 3 litotripsies endovesical. Este é um trabalho monográfco com experiência de campo de apenas cerca de um ano(AU)

Humans , Lithotripsy, Laser , Ureteroscopy/methods , Lasers, Solid-State/therapeutic use , Nephrolithiasis
Gac. méd. Méx ; 155(2): 162-167, mar.-abr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286478


Resumen Introducción: La ureteroscopia flexible con litotricia láser (URSLL) es una modalidad mínimamente invasiva de tratamiento quirúrgico de cálculos renales. La selección inadecuada de pacientes para este procedimiento genera un desbalance de costo-efectividad. Objetivo: Conocer los factores predictores de estado libre de litos en un solo tiempo quirúrgico en pacientes sometidos a URSLL. Método: Cohorte retrospectiva de pacientes sometidos a URSLL. Se realizó un análisis univariado y multivariado (regresión logística) de los predictores de estado libre de cálculos en la primera URSLL, global y categorizado por sexo. Resultados: EL estado libre de cálculos en la primera URSLL fue de 73.62 %. Los predictores de estado libre de cálculos en hombres fueron edad y tamaño, densidad y multiplicidad del cálculo; en las mujeres, el índice de masa corporal y la multiplicidad del cálculo. Conclusiones: Los factores pronósticos de estado libre de cálculos en la primera URSLL son distintos en hombres y mujeres. Las mujeres con obesidad y sobrepeso probablemente tengan cálculos de fácil fragmentación y extracción asociados con ácido úrico.

Abstract Introduction: Flexible ureteroscopy and laser fragmentation (FURSL) is a minimally invasive modality for surgical treatment of renal stones. Inadequate selection of patients for this treatment generates a cost-effectiveness unbalance. Objective: To know the stone-free rate predictors in a single surgical time in patients undergoing FURSL. Method: Retrospective cohort of patients undergoing FURSL. Global and gender-categorized univariate and multivariate (logistic regression) analyses were performed to identify stone-free predictors at first FURSL. Results: Stone-free rate at first FURSL was 73.62%. Predictors in males were patient age and stone size, density and multiplicity; in females, body mass index and multiplicity of stones. Conclusions: Stone-free rate predictors at first FURSL are different in males and females. Women with overweight and obesity probably have easy-to-fragment and easy-to-extract stones associated with uric acid.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Kidney Calculi/surgery , Lithotripsy, Laser/methods , Ureteroscopy/methods , Patient Selection , Sex Factors , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Age Factors , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Overweight/epidemiology , Obesity/epidemiology
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(2): 406-407, Mar.-Apr. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040055


ABSTRACT In complicated urinary tract infection with ureteral calculi, urinary diversion is inevitable. So, stenting or percutaneous drainage can be an option. In hemodynamically unstable patients, percutaneous drainage is superior to ureteral stenting (1). Once acute infection is controlled, definite treatment of the stone is necessary. According to a guideline, semirigid ureteroscopy is recommended for lower and mid - ureter stone and flexible ureteroscopy for upper ureter stone (2). Semi - rigid ureteroscopy can migrate stone to kidney, especially in upper ureter stone, lowering stone free rate (3). Not only flexible ureteroscopy creates additional costs but also is barely available in developing countries (4, 5). So, the authors would like to introduce anterograde irrigation - assisted ureteroscopic lithotripsy in patients with percutaneous nephrostomy. Retrograde irrigation was connected and flowed minimally enough to secure visual field. Once stone is noted, another saline irrigation, which is placed above 40 cm over the patient is connected to nephrostomy. Retrograde irrigation is disconnected from ureteroscope and the previous connected channel on ureteroscope is opened. Actual pressure detected by barometer from the opened channel of ureteroscope is usually about 30 cmH2 O while anterograde irrigation is administered in maximal flow, which means fully opened anterograde irrigation is not hazardous to kidney. There was no complication in 17 patients submitted to this method. Video shows advantages of our practice: clear visual field; reduced risk of stone migration into kidney; induced spontaneous passage of fragments without using instrumentation; and decreased operation time. In short, most of surgeons, even unexperienced, can perform an excellent procedure with less time consuming using our method.

Humans , Nephrostomy, Percutaneous/methods , Lithotripsy/methods , Ureteral Calculi/surgery , Ureteroscopy/methods , Therapeutic Irrigation/methods , Lithotripsy/instrumentation
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(2): 376-383, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002189


ABSTRACT Purpose: Retained or forgotten ureteral stents (FUS) have a potential to cause significant morbidity as well as medico-legal issues and increased cost. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and usefulness of smartphone-based Ureteral Stent Tracker (UST) application and compare the results with basic appointment card system to prevent FUS, prospectively. Materials and Methods: A total of 90 patients who underwent ureteroscopic stone treatment procedure with indwelling DJ stents were equally distributed into two groups. In group-1, patients were followed using UST application. In group-2, only appointment cards were given to the patients. Two groups were compared in terms of stent overdue times and complete lost to follow up rates. Results: Forty-four patients in group-1 and 43 patients in group-2 completed the study. Among patients, 22.7% in group-1 and 27.9% in group-2 did not return for the stent removal on the scheduled day. In group-1, these patients were identified using the UST and called for the stent removal on the same day. After 6 weeks of maximal waiting period, mean overdue times in group-1 and group-2 were 3.5 days and 20 days, respectively (p = 0.001). In group-2, 3 patients (6.9%) were lost to follow up, while in group-1, it was none (p = 0.001). Conclusions: We found that the patients who were followed by the smartphone-based UST application has less overdue times and lost to follow up cases compared to the basic appointment card system. The UST application easily follows patients with indwelling ureteral stents and can identify patients when overdue.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Stents/adverse effects , Stents/standards , Ureteroscopy/methods , Smartphone , Foreign Bodies/prevention & control , Ureteral Calculi/surgery , Ureteral Calculi/etiology , Prospective Studies , Device Removal/methods , Foreign Bodies/surgery , Foreign Bodies/complications , Middle Aged
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(1): 10-22, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989974


ABSTRACT Purpose: To systematically assess the effectiveness and safety of retrograde flexible ureteroscopy (FURS) versus percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in treating intermediate-size renal stones (2-3cm). Materials and Methods: PubMed, Ovid MEDLINE, Web of Science, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) and EMBASE were researched to identify relevant studies up to May 2018. Article selection was performed through the search strategy based on Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses criteria. The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale was applied to assess the methodological quality of case-control studies. Results: Six retrospective case-controlled trials were included for meta-analysis. The pooled results showed that PCNL was associated with a higher initial stone-free rate (SFR). After more complementary treatments, FURS provided a final SFR (OR: 1.69; 95% CI, 0.93-3.05; P = 0.08) comparable to that achieved by PCNL. PCNL was associated with a higher rate of overall intraoperative complications (OR: 1.48; 95% CI, 1.01-2.17; P = 0.04) and longer hospital stay (MD: 2.21 days; 95% CI, 1.11 to 3.30; P < 0.001). Subgroup analysis by Clavien-graded complication showed PCNL had significantly higher rates of minor complications (OR: 1.58; 95% CI, 1.04-2.41; P = 0.03). No significant difference was noted in major complications (OR: 1.14; 95% CI, 0.53-2.45; P = 0.73) or operative times (MD: −9.71 min; 95% CI, −22.02 to 2.60; P = 0.12). Conclusions: Multisession FURS is an effective and safe alternative to PCNL for the management of intermediate-size renal stones (2-3cm). It is advisable to balance the benefits and risks according to the individual characteristics of patients and to decide with patients by discussing the advantages and disadvantages of each procedure.

Humans , Kidney Calculi/surgery , Ureteroscopy/methods , Nephrolithotomy, Percutaneous/adverse effects , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Ureteroscopy/adverse effects , Operative Time
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(6): 1224-1233, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975671


ABSTRACT Purpose: To investigate a method to determine the appropriate length of ureteral stents, given that the stent length may lead to exacerbation of urinary symptoms if the stent crosses the bladder midline. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the position of the distal curl of the ureteral stent using kidney/ureter/bladder (KUB) radiographs after ureteroscopic lithotripsy in 165 patients who underwent placement of 24- or 26-cm ureteral stents. According to the KUB findings, we categorized the position of the distal curl of the ureteral stent into two groups. In Group 1, the stents did not cross the midline (appropriate length); in Group 2, the stents crossed the midline (inappropriate length). We assessed several patient parameters (sex, height, body mass index, and stone side) and the index of ureteral length using KUB radiographs ("C-P") and computed tomography (CT, "P-V"). Multivariate analysis was performed to identify the most significant factors affecting the position of ureteral stents. We also calculated the cutoff points of the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of C-P and P-V for the position of ureteral stents. Results: The multivariate analysis showed that C-P was the most significant factor affecting the position of ureteral stents (p < 0.001) in patients with 24- and 26-cm ureteral stents. Comparison of the ROC curves of C-P and P-V showed that C-P was superior to P-V (p < 0.01) in patients with 24- and 26-cm stents. Conclusion: The use of KUB radiographs was effective and simple in determining the appropriate length of ureteral stents.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Ureter/diagnostic imaging , Urinary Bladder/diagnostic imaging , Lithotripsy/methods , Ureteral Calculi/surgery , Stents , Ureteroscopy/methods , Kidney/diagnostic imaging , Quality of Life , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Equipment Design , Middle Aged
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(5): 958-964, Sept.-Oct. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975644


ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the safety, feasibility, and efficacy of simultaneous treatment of parapelvic renal cysts and stones by flexible ureterorenoscopy with a novel four-step cyst localization strategy in selected patients. Patients and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 11 consecutive cases of parapelvic renal cysts with concomitant calculi treated by flexible ureterorenoscopy and laser lithotripsy (FURSL). Marsupialization was performed subsequently with holmium: YAG laser in our institution. Fragmentation was used to manage renal stones and a novel four-step cyst localization strategy was applied in each case for marsupialization. Results: There were no intraoperative complications. Two cases of cystitis were reported postoperatively. The mean operative times of FURSL and marsupialization were 23.6 ± 3.9 minutes and 29.1 ± 9.7 minutes, respectively. During marsupialization, seven patients underwent the first two steps of the new strategy, two patients underwent three steps and two patients underwent all four steps. The mean reduction in hemoglobin level was 4.7 ± 1.7 g / L (range 3-8 g / L). The mean length of hospital stay was 1.2 ± 0.4 days. During a mean follow-up duration of 18 months, all cases remained stone-free and there was no stone recurrence. Parapelvic cysts became undetectable in eight cases and decreased in size by at least half in three cases. Conclusion: With appropriate patient selection, FURSL and marsupialization with a four-step cyst localization strategy is feasible, safe, and effective in treating parapelvic renal cysts with concomitant calculi.

Humans , Male , Female , Kidney Calculi/surgery , Lithotripsy, Laser/methods , Ureteroscopy/methods , Kidney Diseases, Cystic/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Operative Time , Middle Aged
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(4): 717-725, July-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-954064


ABSTRACT Introduction: To compare the perioperative outcomes and complications of monopolar and bipolar transurethral resection of bladder tumors (TURBT) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Materials and Methods: A total of 90 CAD patients with newly diagnosed bladder cancer who underwent TURBT were randomized into monopolar TURBT (M-TURBT) and bipolar TURBT (B-TURBT) groups. Primary outcome was safety of the procedures including obturator jerk, bladder perforation, clot retention, febrile urinary tract infection and TUR syndrome. The secondary outcome was the efficacy of TURBT procedures, including complete tumor resection, sampling of the deep muscle tissue and sampling of the qualified tissues without any thermal damage. Results: Mean ages of the patients in M-TURBT and B-TURBT groups were 71.36±7.49 and 73.71±8.15 years, respectively (p=0.157). No significant differences were found between M-TURBT and B-TURBT groups regarding complete tumor resection (76.2% vs. 87.5%, p=0.162) and muscle tissue sampling rates (71.4% vs. 64.6%,p=0.252). Obturator jerk was detected in 16.7% of the patients in M-TURBT group and 2.1% in B-TURBT group (p=0.007). No statistically significant differences were found between the groups regarding intraoperative and postoperative complications. Conclusions: Both monopolar and bipolar systems can be used safely and effectively during TURBT procedure in CAD patients. Due to the more frequently seen obturator jerk in M-TURBT than B-TURBT, careful surgical approach is needed during M-TURBT.

Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/surgery , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Ureteroscopy/adverse effects , Ureteroscopy/methods , Postoperative Complications , Prognosis , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/pathology , Coronary Artery Disease/physiopathology , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Operative Time , Middle Aged
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(4): 750-757, July-Aug. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-954080


ABSTRACT Objective: To assess outcomes of ureteroscopy for treatment of stone disease in the elderly. Ureteroscopy (URS) is an increasingly popular treatment modality for urolithiasis and its applications are ever expanding with the development of newer technologies. Its feasibility and outcomes within the elderly population to our knowledge remain under-reported. Materials and Methods: We examined the patient demographics and surgical outcomes from our prospective database for patients ≥70 years who underwent URS for urolithiasis, in a 5-year period between March 2012 and December 2016. Results: A total of 110 consecutive patients underwent 121 procedures (1.1 procedure/patient) with a mean age of 77.2 years (range: 70-91 years). Stone location was in the kidney/ pelviureteric junction (PUJ) in 29%, ureter in 37% and in multiple locations in 34%. The initial and final stone free rate (SFR) was 88% and 97% respectively. While 73% were done as true day case procedures, 89% patients were discharged within 24 hours. Eleven patients (9%) underwent complications of which 10 were Clavien I/II including acute urinary retention, urinary tract infection, stent symptoms and pneumonia. One patient underwent Clavien IV complication where they needed intensive care unit admission for urosepsis but fully recovered and were discharged home subsequently. Conclusion: Ureteroscopy is a safe and effective method of managing urolithiasis in elderly patients. Although most patients are discharged within 24-hours, consideration needs to be made for patients where social circumstances can impact their discharge planning.

Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Ureteroscopy/methods , Urolithiasis/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Treatment Outcome , Lithotripsy, Laser/methods , Ureteroscopy/adverse effects , Ureteroscopy/statistics & numerical data , Operative Time , Nephrolithotomy, Percutaneous/methods , Intraoperative Complications , Length of Stay
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(3): 524-535, May-June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-954034


ABSTRACT Introduction: Ureteral access sheaths (UAS) facilitate flexible ureteroscopy in the treat- ment of urolithiasis. The physical properties of UAS vary by manufacturer and model. We compared three new UAS: Glideway (GW, Terumo, 11/13Fr, 12/14Fr), Pathway (PW, Terumo 12/14F) and Navigator HD (NHD, Boston Scientific, 11/13Fr, 12/14Fr) in the domains of safety characteristics, positioning characteristics, lubricity and radio- opacity. Materials and Methods: In vitro testing of the three UAS included safety testing-tip perforation force, sheath edge deformation and dilator extraction forces. Positioning characteristics tested included tip bending, stiffness (resistance to coaxial buckling forces), kinking (resistance to perpendicular forces), and insertion forces. Lubricity was assessed by measured frictional forces of the outer sheath. Finally, radio-opacity was tested utilizing fluoroscopic imaging of the three 12F sheaths and inner dilators. Results: The PW (0.245 lb) and GW (0.286 lb) required less force for tip perforation compared to the NHD (0.628 lb). The NHD sheath edge deformation was mild compared to more severe deformation for the PW and GW. The PW (1.008 lb) required greater force than the GW (0.136 lb) and NHD (0.043 lb) for inner dilator removal. The GW (3.69 lbs) and NHD (4.17 lb) had similar inner dilator tip stiffness when bent, while the PW had the weakest inner dilator tip, 1.91 lbs. The PW (0.271 lb) was most susceptible to buckling and kinking (1.626 lb). The most lubricious UAS was the NHD (0.055 lbs for 12F). The NHD (0.277 lbs) required the least insertional force through a biological model and possessed the greatest radio-opacity. Conclusions: Comparison of different commercially available UAS in various sizes reveals that there are mechanical differences in sheaths that may play a role clinically. The Terumo sheaths' (GW and PW) were outperformed by the Boston Scientific NHD in simulating safety, ease of use and radio-opacity.

Animals , Ureteroscopy/instrumentation , Equipment Design , Reference Values , Swine , Ureter/surgery , Materials Testing , Analysis of Variance , Friction , Ureteroscopy/methods , Ureteroscopes , Dilatation/instrumentation , Lubrication
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(2): 314-322, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-892985


ABSTRACT Purpose To identify the role of shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) and flexible ureterorenoscopy (f-URS) on the stone recurrence, in the management of 10-20 millimeter lower pole stone (LPS) with medium follow-up outcomes. Materials and Methods The patients' charts which were treated with SWL or f-URS for LPS between January 2011 and September 2013 were analyzed, retrospectively. Patients who had a solitary 10-20mm LPS were enrolled into the study. In both procedures, patient was accepted as stone free, if complete stone clearance was achieved in the 3rd month abdominal computed tomography. Only patients with a stone free status were evaluated in follow ups. Results The stone-free rate was 77.9% (88/113 patients) for the SWL group and 89% (114/128 patients) for the f-URS group (p=0.029). Stone recurrence was detected in 28 (35.4%) patients in SWL group and in 17 (17.2%) patients in f-URS group (p=0.009). Stone types and 24 hour urine sample results were similar between groups (p=0.123 vs p=0.197, respectively). Multivariate regression analysis revealed that f-URS procedure and absence of abnormality in 24 hour urine analysis significantly decreased stone recurrence in medium term follow-up (p=0.001 and p<0.001, respectively). Conclusions Our study showed for the first time, that patients which underwent f-URS for LPS, faced less stone recurrence, independent from diet regimen and metabolic evaluation in medium term follow-up. Additionally, presence of abnormality in 24 hour urine analysis increase the stone recurrence risk in follow-ups.

Kidney Calculi/therapy , Lithotripsy, Laser/methods , Ureteroscopy/methods , Recurrence , Kidney Calculi/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Middle Aged
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(1): 75-80, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-892962


ABSTRACT Objective To present our experience in minimally invasive management of urinary tract stones in patients with urinary diversion. Materials and Methods We retrospectively reviewed 26 patients with urinary tract stones after cystectomy and urinary diversion. The types of urinary diversion were ileal conduit, colon conduit, ileal orthotopic neobladder in 19, 4, and 3 patients, respectively. At postoperative days 2, a plain KUB and urinary ultrasonography were performed in order to assess stone fragmentation or hydronephrosis. According to postoperative imaging, stone free rate (SFR) was defined as complete absence of fragments or residual stones less than 4mm. Results 19 patients were treated with minimally invasive percutaneous lithotripsy (MPCNL) and 2 patients required second-look MPCNL. Anterograde flexible ureteroscopy was performed in 2 patients, while in 2 patients a combined anterograde and retrograde approach was required. Three reservoir stones were treated by transurethral neo-bladder lithotripsy. Postoperative significant complications occurred in 2 patients (7.7%). The highest percentage of stone composition was struvite, as a result of chronic urinary tract infection (UTI). SFR was 88.5% (23 of 26). Conclusions Our experience showed that MPCNL is a safe and effective treatment modality with little morbidity for renal and upper ureteral stones in patients with urinary diversion. For middle and lower ureteral stones, an anterograde approach could be also considered as a first line treatment, but a combined anterograde and retrograde approach was required when the anterograde access alone cannot provide acceptable results.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Urinary Diversion , Lithotripsy/methods , Urinary Calculi/surgery , Ureteroscopy/methods , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Middle Aged
Rev. argent. urol. (1990) ; 83(1): 18-23, 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-910904


Objetivos: El objetivo del estudio fue evaluar nuestra experiencia inicial en cirugía intrarrenal retrógrada para el tratamiento de litiasis renales y determinar si es una cirugía eficaz y segura para realizarse en un centro ambulatorio. Materiales y métodos: Se evaluó a todos los pacientes sometidos a ureterorrenoscopia flexible con láser Holmium en la Clínica Andina de Urología luego de un año de procedimientos. Se determinaron datos demográficos, características de las litiasis operadas, porcentaje libre de litiasis y complicaciones según escala modificada de Clavien. Resultados: Un total de 63 pacientes fueron intervenidos desde marzo de 2017 a marzo de 2018. El tamaño medio de las litiasis urinarias fue de 11,6 mm. En un 93,6% de los pacientes la cirugía se pudo completar sin inconvenientes con un tiempo medio de 44 minutos. El porcentaje global libre de litiasis fue del 76,19%. Un 17,4% tuvo complicaciones generales, sin embargo, solo 2 pacientes requirieron reinternación. Conclusiones: La ureterorrenoscopia flexible es una cirugía mínimamente invasiva, eficaz y segura, con un bajo índice de complicaciones (AU)

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate our initial experience in retrograde intrarenal surgery for the treatment of renal lithiasis and determinate if the surgery is effective and safe to be practice in an ambulatory center. Materials and methods: We recorded all patients who underwent flexible ureterorenoscopy and laser Holmium at Clínica Andina de Urología after one year of surgeries. Demographic information, stones characteristics, stone free rate and complication using Clavien system were gathered. Results: A total of 63 patients underwent flexible ureterorenoscopy from March 2017 to March 2018. Mean stone diameter was 11.6 mm. Surgery was complete in 93.6% of patients with a mean operative time of 44 minutes. Stone free rate was 76.19%. The overall complication rate was 17.4%, nevertheless, only 2 patients were readmitted. Conclusions: IFlexible ureterorenoscopy is a minimally invasive procedure, effective and safe, with a low rate of complications. (AU)

Adult , Lasers, Solid-State/therapeutic use , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Nephrolithiasis/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Ureteroscopy/methods , Ambulatory Care
Int. braz. j. urol ; 43(5): 887-895, Sept.-Oct. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-892897


ABSTRACT Aim: URS is a very commonly used procedure for treatment of ureter stones. Increased hydrostatic pressure in the collecting system linked to fluids used during the procedure may cause harmful effects on the kidney. The aim of this study is to determine whether the URS procedure has a negative effect on the kidney by investigating NGAL, KIM-1, FABP and Cys C levels in urine. Material and Methods: This study included 30 patients undergoing ureterorenoscopy (URS) for ureter stones. Urine samples were collected 5 times; before the URS procedure (control) and at 1, 3, 5 and 12 hours following the procedure. NGAL, KIM-1, FBAP and Cys C levels were measured in urine and compared with the control values. Results: The NGAL levels in urine before the procedure and at 1, 3, 5 and 12 hours after the procedure were 34.59±35.34; 62.72±142.32; 47.15±104.48; 45.23±163.16 and 44.99±60.79ng/mL, respectively (p=0.001). Similarly, the urinary KIM-1, FABP and Cys C levels were found to increase compared to control values; however this increase did not reach statistical significance (p >0.05). Conclusions: After the URS procedure, there were important changes in NGAL, FABP, KIM-1 and Cys C levels. These changes reached statistical significance for NGAL, but did not reach significance for the other parameters. In conclusion, the URS procedure significantly affects the kidney; however, this effect disappears over time.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Biomarkers/urine , Ureteral Calculi/surgery , Ureteroscopy/methods , Middle Aged , Ureteral Calculi/urine , Cystatins/urine , Ureteroscopy/adverse effects , Fatty Acid-Binding Proteins/urine , Lipocalin-2/urine , Hepatitis A Virus Cellular Receptor 1/analysis
Int. braz. j. urol ; 43(4): 762-765, July-Aug. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-892868


ABSTRACT We describe the use of the Uro Dyna-CT, an imaging system used in the operating room that produces real-time three-dimensional (3D) imaging and cross-sectional image reconstructions similar to an intraoperative computerized tomography, during a percutaneous nephrolithotomy and a contralateral flexible ureteroscopy in a complete supine position. A 65 year-old female patient had an incomplete calyceal staghorn stone in the right kidney and a 10mm in the left one. The procedure was uneventful and the intraoperative use of the Uro Dyna-CT identified 2 residual stones that were not found by digital fluoroscopy and flexible nephroscopy at the end of surgery, helping us to render the patient stone-free in one procedure, which was confirmed by a postoperative CT scan. Prospective studies will define the real role of the Uro Dyna-CT for endourological procedures, but its use seems to be a very promising tool for improving stone free rates and decreasing auxiliary procedures, especially for complex cases.

Humans , Female , Aged , Nephrostomy, Percutaneous/methods , Kidney Calculi/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Ureteroscopy/methods , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Kidney Calculi/diagnostic imaging , Treatment Outcome
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 63(8): 685-688, Aug. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-896389


Summary Objective: To analyze the results of flexible ureterorenoscopy (F-URS) with holmium laser in the treatment of kidney stones with ectopic and fusion anomalies (horseshoe kidney and rotation anomalies). Method: We reviewed data from 13 patients with fusion and ectopic renal anomalies that underwent F-URS from April 2011 to April 2017. We analyzed demographic and clinical data (age, gender, BMI, anatomical abnormality, location and dimension of the renal calculi) and perioperative data (method of treatment, stone-free rate, number of days with DJ catheter and perioperative complications). Results: The mean stone size was 12.23 +/- 5.43 mm (range 6-22mm), located in the inferior (58.33%) and middle (16.76%) calyceal units, renal pelvis (16.67%) and multiple locations (8.33%). All 13 patients were treated with Ho-Yag laser, using dusting technique (25%), fragmentation and extraction of the calculi (58.33%) and mixed technique (16.67%). We did not have any severe perioperative complication. After 90 days, nine patients (75%) were considered stone free. Conclusion: Our data suggest that F-URS is a safe and feasible choice for the treatment of kidney stones in patients with renal ectopic and fusion anomalies.

Resumo Objetivo: Analisar os resultados da ureterorrenolitotripsia flexível (ULT-F) no tratamento de cálculos em rins com anomalia de posição e de fusão (rins em ferradura e rins com vício de rotação). Método: Realizamos a coleta prospectiva dos dados de 13 pacientes com anomalias de fusão e de posição submetidos a ULT-F entre abril de 2011 e abril de 2017. Analisaram-se dados clínicos (idade, gênero, IMC, anormalidades anatômicas, dimensão e localização dos cálculos) e perioperatórios (método de tratamento do cálculo, índice de stone free, tempo de cateter DJ e complicações perioperatórias). Resultados: Nos 13 pacientes, os cálculos mediam em média 12,23 mm +/- 5,43 mm (variando de 6 a 22 mm), em sua maioria distribuídos em apenas um grupo calicinal (58.33% em grupo calicial inferior, 16.67% em grupo calicial médio, 16,67% em pelve e 8,33% em múltiplos cálices). Todos os pacientes foram tratados com utilização de laser Ho-Yag, com fragmentação e retirada de cálculos em sete casos (58,33%), pulverização em três casos (25%) e técnica mista em dois casos (16,67%). Não houve complicações intraoperatórias ou pós-operatórias graves. Após 90 dias, nove pacientes tornaram-se stone free (75%). Conclusão: A ULT-F apresenta-se como método seguro e eficaz no tratamento de litíase em rins com anomalia de posição e de fusão.

Humans , Male , Female , Torsion Abnormality/complications , Lithotripsy/methods , Kidney Calculi/surgery , Fused Kidney/complications , Kidney Calculi/complications , Kidney Calculi/pathology , Feasibility Studies , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Ureteroscopy/methods , Lasers, Solid-State , Middle Aged