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1.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 686-692, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984762

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the association between the urinary arsenic level and serum total testosterone in Chinese men aged 18 to 79 years. Methods: A total of 5 048 male participants aged 18 to 79 years were recruited from the China National Human Biomonitoring (CNHBM) from 2017 to 2018. Questionnaires and physical examinations were used to collect information on demographic characteristics, lifestyle, food intake frequency and health status. Venous blood and urine samples were collected to detect the level of serum total testosterone, urinary arsenic and urinary creatinine. Participants were divided into three groups (low, middle, and high) based on the tertiles of creatinine-adjusted urinary arsenic concentration. Weighted multiple linear regression was fitted to analyze the association of urinary arsenic with serum total testosterone. Results: The weighted average age of 5 048 Chinese men was (46.72±0.40) years. Geometric mean concentration (95%CI) of urinary arsenic, creatinine-adjusted urinary arsenic and serum testosterone was 22.46 (20.08, 25.12) μg/L, 19.36 (16.92, 22.15) μg/g·Cr and 18.13 (17.42, 18.85) nmol/L, respectively. After controlling for covariates, compared with the low-level urinary arsenic group, the testosterone level of the participants in the middle-level group and the high-level group decreased gradually. The percentile ratio (95%CI) was -5.17% (-13.14%, 3.54%) and -10.33% (-15.68%, -4.63). The subgroup analysis showed that the association between the urinary arsenic level and testosterone level was more obvious in the group with BMI<24 kg/m2 group (Pinteraction=0.023). Conclusion: There is a negative association between the urinary arsenic level and serum total testosterone in Chinese men aged 18 to 79 years.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Arsenic/urine , Creatinine , East Asian People , Testosterone/blood , Urinalysis
2.
Ghana med. j ; 57(1): 66-74, 2023. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1427212

ABSTRACT

Objectives: This study compared the infection rates, degree of encrustation, symptoms, and complications in patients regarding the duration of urethral catheterisation (three weeks, six weeks, and eight weeks). Design: A cross-sectional study with stratified simple random sampling Setting: Urology Unit, Korle Bu Teaching Hospital Participants: One hundred and thirty-seven male patients with long-term urinary catheters Interventions: Participants were grouped into 3 weeks, 6 weeks, and 8 weeks duration of catheter replacementsPrimary outcomes measures: Symptoms due to the urinary catheters, urinalysis, urine and catheter tip cultures, sensitivity, and catheter encrustations were assessed. Results: Eighty-six patients had a primary diagnosis of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), 35 had urethral strictures,13 had prostate cancer, two had BPH and urethral strictures, and one participant had bladder cancer. There was no difference in the symptoms the participants in the different groups experienced due to the urinary catheters (p > 0.05). The frequency of occurrence of complications (pyuria, p = 0.784; blocked catheter, p=0.097; urethral bleeding, p=0.148; epididymo-orchitis, p=0.769 and bladder spasms, p=1.000) showed no differences in the three groups. There was no statistical difference in the urinalysis for the three groups (p>0.05) and the degree of encrustations (3 weeks: 0.03 ± 0.06, 6 weeks: 0.11±0.27 and eight weeks: 0.12 ±0.27) with p=0.065. Conclusions: In this study, the duration of urinary catheterisation using silicone Foley's catheters did not influence the complication and symptom rates; hence silicon catheters can be placed in situ for up to 8 weeks before replacement instead of the traditional three-weekly change.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prostatic Hyperplasia , Prostatic Neoplasms , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms , Silicon , Cross-Sectional Studies , Urinalysis , Biofilms , Catheters , Infections
3.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(4): 834-842, Jul.-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285262

ABSTRACT

Urolithiasis has a high incidence among confined sheep. It is multifactorial and may cause economic damage. Our aim was to determine the capacity of urinary acidification using ammonium chloride in sheep. Twenty-five 3-month-old male sheep were confined and randomly divided into three groups; the G200 and G500 groups received 200mg/kg/GW and 500mg/kg/GW of ammonium chloride daily for 56 consecutive days, respectively, whereas the CG group did not receive ammonium chloride. Sampling times and clinical evaluation were performed weekly, starting from the 14th day of confinement (M1 or immediately before administering ammonium chloride) until the 17th day (M9) of the feedlot. Hemogasometry, biochemical examination of serum urea and creatinine concentration and ultrasound evaluation of the urinary tract were performed. The urinalysis indicated a higher incidence of ammonium magnesium phosphate crystals at the beginning of the study, showing a migration to urate crystal formation, mainly in the G500 group because of urinary acidification. No hemogasometric, serum biochemistry, ruminal fluid, or ultrasonographic changes were observed. Urinary acidification was achieved and maintained after M7 during the administration of ammonium chloride in the G500 group, but not in the other study groups.(AU)


A urolitíase apresenta alta incidência em ovinos confinados, etiologia multifatorial, e pode causar prejuízo econômico. O objetivo do presente estudo foi determinar a capacidade da acidificação urinária mediante o uso de cloreto de amônio em ovinos. Foram utilizados 25 ovinos de três meses de idade, confinados e divididos aleatoriamente em três grupos: grupo CG (controle) não recebeu cloreto de amônio; grupo G200 (200mg/kg/PV) recebeu cloreto de amônio por 56 dias consecutivos; grupo G500 (500mg/kg/PV) recebeu cloreto de amônio por 56 dias consecutivos, administrados diariamente por via oral. Os momentos (M) de colheita de amostras e de avaliação clínica foram realizados com intervalo de sete dias, sendo M1 (imediatamente antes do cloreto de amônio), M2 (sete dias após) até M9, totalizando 70 dias de confinamento. Foram realizadas hemogasometria, concentração sérica de ureia e creatinina e avaliação ultrassonográfica do trato urinário. Na urinálise, houve uma maior incidência de cristais de fosfato amônio magnesiano no início do estudo, com migração para formação de cristais de urato, principalmente no G500, devido à acidificação urinária. Não houve alterações hemogasométricas, na bioquímica sérica, no líquido ruminal, ou alterações ultrassonográficas. A acidificação urinária foi obtida e mantida a partir do M7 durante a administração do cloreto de amônio no grupo G500, não ocorrendo nos outros grupos de estudo.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Sheep/physiology , Lithiasis/veterinary , Urolithiasis/veterinary , Ammonium Chloride/administration & dosage , Blood Gas Analysis/veterinary , Urinalysis/veterinary
4.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 28(2): 111-116, abr./jun. 2021. graf, ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1491712

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se no presente estudo comparar as técnicas de coleta de urina via sondagem uretral e cistocentese guiada por ultrassom, afim de verificar se o método de coleta pode influir nos resultados laboratoriais. Foram utilizados 12 cães machos, sem histórico de enfermidades, dos quais coletou-se cinco mililitros (mL) de urina via sondagem uretral e cinco mL via cistocentese guiada por ultrassom, ambas no mesmo momento. Posteriormente foi realizada a análise física (cor, odor, densidade, turbidez), química (urobilinogênio, glicose, corpos cetônicos, bilirrubina, proteína, nitrito, pH, sangue e leucócitos) e sedimentoscopia (avaliação de 10 campos de luz, objetiva de 40x). Cilindros urinários, cristais, corpúsculos gordurosos, espermatozoides, bactérias e células vesicais foram classificados qualitativamente como: ausentes (0), discretos (1), moderados (2) e intensos (3). Hemácias, leucócitos, e células de descamação foram quantificadas a partir da média dos campos analisados. As análises bioquímicas de microalbuminúria, creatinina e proteína total urinárias foram realizadas a partir do sobrenadante urinário, removido das amostras após centrifugação, e utilizados kits reagentes, conforme recomendação do fabricante, sendo a leitura em espectrofotômetro. Em todos os testes realizados os valores de p encontrados foram superiores 0,05 (p>0,05), excluindo-se a possibilidade de haver diferenças significativas dos resultados laboratoriais obtidos pelas duas formas de coleta.


The objective of this study was to compare two techniques of urine collection, urethral catheterization and ultrasound-guided cystocentesis, in order to verify if the collection method may influence the laboratory results. Twelve male dogs were used, with no history of diseases, of which five milliliters (mL) of urine were collected by urethral catheterization and five mL by both at the same time. Subsequently, the samples underwent physical analysis (color, smell, density andturbidity), chemical analysis (urobilinogen, glucose, ketone bodies, bilirubin, protein, nitrite, pH, blood and leukocytes) and sedimentoscopy (evaluation of 10 light fields, 40x objective). Urinary casts, fatty corpuscles, spermatozoa, bacteria and bladder epithelial cells were classified qualitatively as absent (0), discrete (1), moderate (2) and intense (3). Red blood cells, leukocytes and desquamation cells were quantified from the mean of the analyzed fields. The urine supernatants were obtained after centrifugation and were used for biochemical analyzes of microalbuminuria, urinary protein and creatinine. The reagent kits were used as recommended by the manufacturer and the samples were read by spectrophotometry. All tests presented p values higher than 0,05 (p>0,05), excluding the possibility of significant differences between the laboratory results of both forms of urine collection.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Cystocele/diagnosis , Dogs/physiology , Proteinuria , Biochemical Reactions/analysis , Urinalysis/veterinary
5.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 28(2): 111-116, abr./jun. 2021. il.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1367979

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se no presente estudo comparar as técnicas de coleta de urina via sondagem uretral e cistocentese guiada por ultrassom, afim de verificar se o método de coleta pode influir nos resultados laboratoriais. Foram utilizados 12 cães machos, sem histórico de enfermidades, dos quais coletou-se cinco mililitros (mL) de urina via sondagem uretral e cinco mL via cistocentese guiada por ultrassom, ambas no mesmo momento. Posteriormente foi realizada a análise física (cor, odor, densidade, turbidez), química (urobilinogênio, glicose, corpos cetônicos, bilirrubina, proteína, nitrito, pH, sangue e leucócitos) e sedimentoscopia (avaliação de 10 campos de luz, objetiva de 40x). Cilindros urinários, cristais, corpúsculos gordurosos, espermatozoides, bactérias e células vesicais foram classificados qualitativamente como: ausentes (0), discretos (1), moderados (2) e intensos (3). Hemácias, leucócitos, e células de descamação foram quantificadas a partir da média dos campos analisados. As análises bioquímicas de microalbuminúria, creatinina e proteína total urinárias foram realizadas a partir do sobrenadante urinário, removido das amostras após centrifugação, e utilizados kits reagentes, conforme recomendação do fabricante, sendo a leitura em espectrofotômetro. Em todos os testes realizados os valores de p encontrados foram superiores 0,05 (p>0,05), excluindo-se a possibilidade de haver diferenças significativas dos resultados laboratoriais obtidos pelas duas formas de coleta.


The objective of this study was to compare two techniques of urine collection, urethral catheterization and ultrasound-guided cystocentesis, in order to verify if the collection method may influence the laboratory results. Twelve male dogs were used, with no history of diseases, of which five milliliters (mL) of urine were collected by urethral catheterization and five mL by both at the same time. Subsequently, the samples underwent physical analysis (color, smell, density andturbidity), chemical analysis (urobilinogen, glucose, ketone bodies, bilirubin, protein, nitrite, pH, blood and leukocytes) and sedimentoscopy (evaluation of 10 light fields, 40x objective). Urinary casts, fatty corpuscles, spermatozoa, bacteria and bladder epithelial cells were classified qualitatively as absent (0), discrete (1), moderate (2) and intense (3). Red blood cells, leukocytes and desquamation cells were quantified from the mean of the analyzed fields. The urine supernatants were obtained after centrifugation and were used for biochemical analyzes of microalbuminuria, urinary protein and creatinine. The reagent kits were used as recommended by the manufacturer and the samples were read by spectrophotometry. All tests presented p values higher than 0,05 (p>0,05), excluding the possibility of significant differences between the laboratory results of both forms of urine collection.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Urinary Catheterization/veterinary , Urinary Reservoirs, Continent/veterinary , Urinalysis/veterinary , Dogs/urine , Urine Specimen Collection/methods , Biochemical Reactions/analysis
6.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 149(2): 178-186, feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389440

ABSTRACT

Background: Excessive sodium intake is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Daily sodium intake is usually inferred from sodium excretion in a 24-hour urine collection, which is cumbersome and prone to errors. Different formulas have attempted to estimate 24-hour urinary sodium from a spot urine sample. Unfortunately, their concordances are insufficient and have not been tested in our population. Aim: To develop an equation to predict 24-hour urine sodium from parameters in plasma and spot urine samples. To validate the equation and compare it with other formulas in Chilean population. Material and Methods: Analysis of 24-hour urine collections, plasma sample and spot urine sample from 174 adult outpatients (81% females) with an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥ 60 mL/min/1.73m2. These were collected between 2015 and 2019 using standardized methods and educating patients about the correct method to collect 24 h urine samples. In all these patients, creatinine and electrolytes were measured in plasma and urine. A new equation was developed using a multiple linear regression model. Results: Twenty-four-hour urine sodium excretion was significantly correlated with age, weight, height, eGFR, plasma osmolarity, urine electrolytes and parameters obtained from spot urine sample, among others. The new equation had a linear correlation with 24-hour natriuresis of 0.91 and the concordance was 0.9. The predictive capacity of the new equation was better than the existing formulas. Conclusions: We developed a formula to accurately predict daily natriuresis in the Chilean population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Sodium , Natriuresis , Urinalysis , Creatinine , Glomerular Filtration Rate
7.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 28(1): 57-60, jan./mar. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1491702

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se verificar a compatibilidade entre diferentes marcas de tiras reagentes para urinálise, tanto de uso veterinário, como de uso humano, e confrontar os parâmetros semiquantitativos desse instrumento com métodos quantitativos. Para isso, foram analisadas 77 amostras frescas de urina de cães e gatos e testados 04 modelos de tiras reagentes. Quanto à densidade urinária, houve correlação razoável entre os métodos quantitativo e semiquantitativo naquelas amostras com pH ácido, mas não naquelas com pH neutro ou alcalino. Quanto à concentração proteica, houve similaridade de 53,3% a 83,3% entre as marcas testadas e quando comparadas com a análise fotométrica houve uma correlação razoável (rs = 0,69752 a 0,75074). Em ponto de corte de 15mg/dL de proteína, a sensibilidade da tira reagente foi 82,5% e 100% para urina canina e felina, respectivamente. No tocante à hematúria, houve divergência razoável entre a sedimentoscopia e as diferentes marcas de tiras reativas. Quanto à piúria, há uma baixa sensibilidade das tiras em relação às amostras caninas com muitos resultados falso-negativos (33% a 75%), enquanto em amostras felinas a sensibilidade foi de 100%. Assim, independente da marca, as tiras reagentes devem servir apenas como teste rápido de triagem, sendo mais apropriado o uso de métodos quantitativos na avaliação clínica do paciente a partir da urinálise.


The aim was to verify the compatibility between different brands of urinary dipsticks, for both human and veterinary use, and to compare the semiquantitative parameters of this instrument with quantitative methods. For this, 77 fresh samples of urine from dogs and cats were analyzed e and 04 models of reagent strips were tested. Regarding urinary density, a reasonable correlation was observed between the quantitative and semiquantitative methods in those samples with acidic pH, which did not occur in those with neutral or alkaline pH. Regarding the protein concentration, there was similarity from 53.3% to 83.3% between the brands and in the comparative analysis between the control strip and the photometric analysis, there was a reasonable correlation (rs = 0.69752 to 0.75074). In cut-off point of 15mg/dL protein, the sensitivity of the reagent strip was 82.5% and 100% for canine and feline urine, respectively. Regarding hematuria, there was a reasonable divergence of results between sedimentation and tested dipsticks. As for pyuria, there is a low sensitivity of the strips in relation to canine samples with many false negative results (33% to 75%), while in feline samples the sensitivity was 100%. Thus, regardless of the brands, the reagent strips should serve only as a rapid screening test, while the use of quantitative methods in the clinical evaluation of the patient from urinalysis is more appropriate.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Dogs , Pets , Dogs/physiology , Chemical Phenomena , Cats/physiology , Indicators and Reagents , Urine/chemistry , Urinalysis/veterinary , Hematuria , Pyuria
8.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 28(1): 57-60, jan./mar. 2021. il.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1368822

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se verificar a compatibilidade entre diferentes marcas de tiras reagentes para urinálise, tanto de uso veterinário, como de uso humano, e confrontar os parâmetros semiquantitativos desse instrumento com métodos quantitativos. Para isso, foram analisadas 77 amostras frescas de urina de cães e gatos e testados 04 modelos de tiras reagentes. Quanto à densidade urinária, houve correlação razoável entre os métodos quantitativo e semiquantitativo naquelas amostras com pH ácido, mas não naquelas com pH neutro ou alcalino. Quanto à concentração proteica, houve similaridade de 53,3% a 83,3% entre as marcas testadas e quando comparadas com a análise fotométrica houve uma correlação razoável (rs = 0,69752 a 0,75074). Em ponto de corte de 15mg/dL de proteína, a sensibilidade da tira reagente foi 82,5% e 100% para urina canina e felina, respectivamente. No tocante à hematúria, houve divergência razoável entre a sedimentoscopia e as diferentes marcas de tiras reativas. Quanto à piúria, há uma baixa sensibilidade das tiras em relação às amostras caninas com muitos resultados falso-negativos (33% a 75%), enquanto em amostras felinas a sensibilidade foi de 100%. Assim, independente da marca, as tiras reagentes devem servir apenas como teste rápido de triagem, sendo mais apropriado o uso de métodos quantitativos na avaliação clínica do paciente a partir da urinálise.


The aim was to verify the compatibility between different brands of urinary dipsticks, for both human and veterinary use, and to compare the semiquantitative parameters of this instrument with quantitative methods. For this, 77 fresh samples of urine from dogs and cats were analyzed e and 04 models of reagent strips were tested. Regarding urinary density, a reasonable correlation was observed between the quantitative and semiquantitative methods in those samples with acidic pH, which did not occur in those with neutral or alkaline pH. Regarding the protein concentration, there was similarity from 53.3% to 83.3% between the brands and in the comparative analysis between the control strip and the photometric analysis, there was a reasonable correlation (rs = 0.69752 to 0.75074). In cut-off point of 15mg/dL protein, the sensitivity of the reagent strip was 82.5% and 100% for canine and feline urine, respectively. Regarding hematuria, there was a reasonable divergence of results between sedimentation and tested dipsticks. As for pyuria, there is a low sensitivity of the strips in relation to canine samples with many false negative results (33% to 75%), while in feline samples the sensitivity was 100%. Thus, regardless of the brands, the reagent strips should serve only as a rapid screening test, while the use of quantitative methods in the clinical evaluation of the patient from urinalysis is more appropriate.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Dogs , Reagent Strips/analysis , Cats/urine , Urinalysis/methods , Dogs/urine , Efficiency , Indicators and Reagents/analysis , Proteinuria/veterinary , Pyuria/veterinary , Urine Specimen Collection/methods , Hematuria/veterinary
9.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(1): 70-74, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156107

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Dehydration has been described as one of the main factors of reduced performance in combat sports activities, leading to death in extreme cases. Objective To investigate the pre-training hydration status and changes in fluid homeostasis during two taekwondo training sessions. Methods Eighteen male college athletes (age 22.6 ± 3.37 years) were assessed. The study design aimed to reproduce the conditions of a 90-minute taekwondo training session, divided into three stages: a) warm-up exercises (20 min); b) poomsae (30 min) and c) technical training (40 min). The athletes had ad libitum water intake during training. To assess the hydration status we considered body mass (BM), the amount of liquid consumed and urine output, which enabled us to establish absolute and relative fluid loss in kg and percentage as well as the sweating rate. We also considered urine specific gravity (USG), urine color (U-COL), and subjective sensation of thirst (Sthirst) before and after the training session. Pre- and post-training results were compared separately in each session and between sessions. Results There was a significant difference (P<0.05) in pre-training BM between the two days of training. There was a significant difference (P<0.05) in the final BM on both days of the experiment. Most subjects had relative dehydration below 2%. A significant difference (P<0.05) was recorded pre and post training for U-COL and Sthirst, with the highest rates obtained at the end of each session. Participants always started training at a low dehydration status (USG >1,020g.ml-1). Conclusions The athletes tended to start the training sessions in dehydration status, which increases over the course of the training. Ad libitum water intake was not sufficient to balance fluid loss. Changes in fluid levels between sessions were similar. Level of Evidence II; Therapeutic Studies Investigating the Results Level of Treatment.


RESUMO Introdução A desidratação tem sido descrita como um dos principais fatores de redução de desempenho em atividades de luta, levando, em casos extremos, à morte. Objetivos Investigar o estado da hidratação antes do treino e as alterações no balanço hídrico corporal durante dois treinamentos de taekwondo. Métodos Foram avaliados 18 atletas universitários do sexo masculino (22,6 ± 3,37 anos). O desenho do estudo procurou reproduzir uma condição de treinamento de taekwondo com duração de 90 minutos, dividido em três etapas: a) aquecimento (20 min.), b) poomsae (30 min.) e c) treino técnico (40 min.). Durante o treino, adotou-se o consumo de água ad libitum. Para avaliar o estado de hidratação, considerou-se a massa corporal (MC), a quantidade de líquido consumido e o volume de urina produzido, o que permitiu estabelecer a perda hídrica absoluta e relativa em kg e porcentagem, além da taxa de sudorese. Foi considerada ainda a gravidade específica da urina (GEU), bem como sua coloração (COL-U), além da sensação subjetiva de sede (SSede) antes e depois do treino. Os resultados antes e depois do treino foram comparados de forma isolada em cada sessão, assim como entre as sessões. Resultados Houve diferença significativa (P < 0,05) da MC pré-treinamento entre os dois dias de treino. Houve redução significativa (P < 0,05) da MC final em ambos os dias de experimento. A maior parte dos avaliados apresentou desidratação relativa inferior a 2%. Registrou-se diferença significativa (P < 0,05) antes e depois do treino para COL-U e para SSede, com os maiores índices obtidos ao final de cada sessão. Os participantes sempre iniciaram o comparados de forma isolada em cada sessão, assim como entre as sessões. Resultados Houve diferença significativa (P < 0,05) da MC pré-treinamento entre os dois dias de treino. Houve redução significativa (P < 0,05) da MC final em ambos os dias de experimento. A maior parte dos avaliados apresentou desidratação relativa inferior a 2%. Registrou-se diferença significativa (P < 0,05) antes e depois do treino para COL-U e para SSede, com os maiores índices obtidos ao final de cada sessão. Os participantes sempre iniciaram o treinamento em leve estado de desidratação (GEU > 1.020 g.ml-1). Conclusões Os atletas tendem a iniciar os treinamentos em estado de desidratação, que se amplia durante o treino. O consumo de líquidos ad libitum não foi suficiente para equilibrar a perda hídrica. As alterações hídricas entre as sessões foram semelhantes. Nível de Evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos- Investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción La deshidratación ha sido descrita como uno de los principales factores de reducción del desempeño en actividades de lucha, llevando, en casos extremos, a la muerte. Objetivos Investigar el estado de la hidratación antes del entrenamiento y las alteraciones en el balance hídrico corporal durante dos entrenamientos de taekwondo. Métodos Se evaluaron 18 atletas universitarios del sexo masculino (22,6 ± 3,37 años). El diseño del estudio intentó reproducir una condición de entrenamiento de taekwondo con duración de 90 minutos, dividido en tres etapas: a) calentamiento (20 min); b) poomsae (30 min); y c) entrenamiento técnico (40 min). Durante el entrenamiento, se adoptó el consumo de agua ad libitum. Para evaluar el estado de hidratación, se consideró la masa corporal (MC), la cantidad de líquido consumido y el volumen de orina producido, lo que permitió establecer la pérdida hídrica absoluta y relativa en kg y porcentaje, además de la tasa de sudoración. Fue considerada además la gravedad específica de la orina (GEO), así como su coloración (COL-O), además de la sensación subjetiva de sed (SSed), antes y después del entrenamiento. Los resultados antes y después del entrenamiento fueron comparados de forma aislada en cada sesión, así como entre las sesiones. Resultados Hubo diferencia significativa (P<0,05) de la MC preentrenamiento entre los dos días de entrenamiento. Hubo reducción significativa (P<0,05) de la MC final en ambos días de experimento. La mayor parte de los evaluados presentó deshidratación relativa inferior a 2%. Se registró diferencia significativa (P<0,05) antes y después del entrenamiento para COL-O y para SSed, con los mayores índices obtenidos al final de cada sesión. Los participantes siempre iniciaron el entrenamiento en leve estado de deshidratación (GEO > 1.020 g.ml-1). Conclusiones Los atletas tienden a iniciar los entrenamientos en estado de deshidratación, que se amplía durante el entrenamiento. El consumo de líquidos ad libitum no fue suficiente para equilibrar la pérdida hídrica. Las alteraciones hídricas entre las sesiones fueron semejantes. Nivel de Evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - Investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Young Adult , Water-Electrolyte Balance/physiology , Martial Arts/physiology , Drinking , Urinalysis , Athletes
10.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4102-4110, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921491

ABSTRACT

The abundance of proteins in human urine is low and easily to be masked by high-abundance proteins during mass spectrometry analysis. Development of efficient and highly selective enrichment methods is therefore a prerequisite for achieving deep coverage of urine protein markers. Notably, different experimental methods would affect the urine protein enrichment efficacy and the coverage of urine proteome. In this study, ultrafiltration, nitrocellulose membrane enrichment and saturated ammonium sulfate precipitation were used to process 10 mL urine samples from five healthy volunteers and five bladder cancer patients. The urine proteins were enriched and separate by SDS-PAGE to compare the purification efficiency of different methods. Moreover, the peptide identification effects of different purification methods were analyzed by mass spectrometry to determine the best method for enriching urine protein histones. Saturated ammonium sulfate precipitation method outperformed the ultrafiltration and the nitrocellulose membrane enrichment methods in terms of the protein enrichment efficacy and quality. The interference of highly abundant albumin was reduced, whereas the amount of low-abundance protein was increased, and the sensitivity of mass spectrometry identification was increased. The saturated ammonium sulfate precipitation method may be applied for large-scale urine processing for screening clinical diagnostic markers through proteomics.


Subject(s)
Humans , Histones , Mass Spectrometry , Proteome , Proteomics , Urinalysis
11.
J. bras. nefrol ; 42(4): 482-483, Oct.-Dec. 2020. graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154622

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Koilocytes are the hallmark of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and can be observed during routine cytology tests stained by Papanicolaou. However, the test is not part of the routine urinalysis report. Here we describe a case on HPV subtype 6 infection diagnosed after finding koilocytes in fresh and unstained urine sediment of a kidney allograft recipient male patient.


RESUMO Os coilócitos são um sinal característico da infecção por papilomavírus humano (HPV) e podem ser observados durante testes citológicos de rotina, corados pelo exame de Papanicolau. Contudo, o exame não faz parte do laudo de rotina da urinálise. O presente artigo descreve um caso de infecção por HPV subtipo 6, diagnosticada após a identificação de coilócitos em sedimento urinário fresco não corado de um paciente do sexo masculino receptor de aloenxerto renal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Papillomavirus Infections/diagnosis , Papillomaviridae , Urinalysis
12.
Arq. Ciênc. Vet. Zool. UNIPAR (Online) ; 23(1, cont.): e2309, 20200000. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1129312

ABSTRACT

A diabetes mellitus (DM) é uma doença comum na rotina veterinária, de caráter multifatorial, gerando graves consequências na saúde dos pacientes acometidos. O diagnóstico é possível por meio de manifestações clínicas apresentadas e da realização de exames laboratoriais complementares. Entre esses exames, estão a dosagem da glicose sérica e a urinálise, as quais trazem ao clínico diversas informações, que podem ser correlacionadas aos demais achados, tornando possível o diagnóstico conclusivo de DM. Dessa forma, o presente trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar as alterações urinárias e de glicemia em cães com DM. Para isto, foram analisados laudos de amostras urinárias e de glicose sérica de 15 animais, onde o diagnóstico foi conclusivo para DM. Verificou-se presença de glicosúria em 100% dos casos, sendo observado em 66,67% das amostras glicosúria maior que 1000 mg/dL e, em 33,33% amostras, de 500 mg/dL; a cetonúria esteve presente em 66,67 %; proteinúria em 66,67% e bacteriúria presente em 73,33 dos dados analisados. Já a hiperglicemia foi constatada em 13 pacientes (86,67%). Assim, conclui-se que a urinálise é um exame de suma importância para o estabelecimento do diagnóstico, da melhor terapêutica para cada caso e do prognóstico dos pacientes.(AU)


Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a common disease on the veterinary routine. It has a multifactorial character generating severe consequences on the health of the patient. It can be diagnosed by clinical manifestations and by making additional laboratory tests. These tests include the measurement of serum glucose and urinalysis, which provides the physician with additional information to be correlated with other findings, in order to reach a conclusive diagnosis of DM. Therefore, this study aimed at evaluating urinary and glycemic alterations in dogs with DM. It analyzed reports of urine and serum glucose samples from 15 animals with a conclusive diagnosis for DM. Glycosuria was present in 100% of the cases. In addition, it was also observed that in 66.67% of the samples, glycosuria was higher than 1000 mg/dL, and in 33.33%, it was 500 mg/dL. Ketonuria was present in 66.67% of the samples, while proteinuria was observed in 66.67%. Bacteriuria was present in 73.33% of the samples on the analyzed data. Hyperglycemia was observed in 13 of these patients (86.67%), and thus, it can be concluded that urinalysis is an extremely important test for diagnosis, to choose the best therapy for each case and prognosis of the patients.(AU)


Diabetes mellitus (DM) es una enfermedad común en la rutina veterinaria, con un carácter multifactorial, que genera graves consecuencias en la salud de los pacientes afectados. El diagnóstico es posible a través de las manifestaciones clínicas presentadas y mediante realización de pruebas de laboratorio complementarias. Entre esas pruebas, están la medición de la glucosa en suero y el análisis de orina, que brindan al médico informaciones diversas que pueden ser correlacionadas a otros hallazgos, lo que permite hacer un diagnóstico concluyente de DM. Por lo tanto, el presente estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar las alteraciones urinarias y glucémicas en perros con DM. Para esto, se analizaron informes de muestras de glucosa en suero y orina de 15 animales, donde el diagnóstico fue concluyente para DM. La glucosuria estuvo presente en el 100% de los casos, observándose en el 66,67% de las muestras glucosuria mayor de 1000 mg / dL y, en el 33,33% de las muestras, de 500 mg / dL; la cetonuria estuvo presente en 66.67%; proteinuria en 66.67% y bacteriuria presente en 73.33 de los datos analizados. Se observó hiperglucemia en 13 de esos pacientes (86,67%). Por lo tanto, se concluye que el análisis de orina es una prueba extremadamente importante para establecer el diagnóstico, el mejor tratamiento para cada caso y el pronóstico de los pacientes.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Urine , Urinalysis , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnosis , Dogs/physiology , Ketosis/diagnosis
14.
Rev. bras. anal. clin ; 52(2): 160-167, 20200630.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1147088

ABSTRACT

Apesar de inicialmente terem surgido como agentes etiológicos de resfriados comuns, os coronavírus se tornaram uma ameaça global no século XXI, provocando síndromes respiratórias com alto poder de transmissão e contribuindo para quadros graves que podem levar à morte. Além dos coronavírus que emergiram no século XXI, quatro outros coronavírus humanos são mundialmente endêmicos e atualmente representam até 30% das infecções do trato respiratório superior em adultos. A pandemia atual de Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave causada por SARS-CoV-2, denominada COVID-19, vem aumentando sua casuística de forma importante, causando o colapso dos sistemas de saúde. Além dos danos ao sistema respiratório, a insuficiência renal aguda (IRA) é uma importante complicação da COVID-19, ocorrendo em 0,5%-7% dos casos e em 2,9%-23% dos pacientes em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva (UTI). Até o momento não se conhecem os mecanismos relacionados à etiologia da IRA associada à COVID-19. Nesta revisão são apresentadas algumas informações associadas à COVID-19 como histórico, manifestações clínicas e laboratoriais, à IRA (especialmente em pacientes internados em UTI) e enfatizando as alterações evidenciadas no exame de urina em pacientes com COVID-19.


Although they initially emerged as etiologic agents of common colds, coronaviruses became a global threat in the 21st century, causing respiratory syndromes with high transmission power and contributing to serious conditions that can lead to death. In addition to the coronaviruses that emerged in the 21st century, four other human coronaviruses are globally endemic and currently account for up to 30% of upper respiratory tract infections in adults. The current pandemic of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome caused by SARS-CoV-2, called COVID-19, has been increasing its casuistry significantly, and causing the collapse of health systems. In addition to damage to the respiratory system, acute kidney injury (AKI) is an important complication of COVID-19, occurring in 0.5-7% of cases and in 2.9-23% of patients in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). So far, the mechanisms related to the etiology of AKI associated with COVID-19 are not known. In this review, some information associated with COVID-19 is presented, such as history, clinical and laboratory manifestations, AKI (especially in ICU patients), and emphasizing the changes evidenced in the urine test in patients with COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Urinalysis , Coronavirus Infections , Renal Insufficiency , Betacoronavirus , Kidney Diseases
15.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 45: 38-45, May 15, 2020. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177420

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Taraxacum species (commonly known as dandelion) used as herbal medicine have been reported to exhibit an antiproliferative effect on hepatoma cells and antitumor activity in non-small-cell lung cancer cells. Although several investigations have demonstrated the safety of Taraxacum officinale, the safety of tissue-cultured plants of T. formosanum has not been assessed so far. Therefore, the present study examines the safety of the water extract of the entire plant of tissue cultured T. formosanum based on acute and subacute toxicity tests in rats, as well as the Ames tests. RESULTS: No death or toxicity symptoms were observed in the acute and subacute tests. The results of the acute test revealed that the LD50 (50% of lethal dose) value of the T. formosanum water extract for rats exceeded 5 g/kg bw. No abnormal changes in the body weight, weekly food consumption, organ weight, or hematological, biochemical, and morphological parameters were observed in the subacute toxicity test. Thus, the no observed adverse effect level (NOAEL) of T. formosanum water extract was estimated to be higher than 2.0 g/kg. Finally, the results of the Ames test revealed that T. formosanum water extract was not genotoxic at any tested concentration to any of five Salmonella strains. CONCLUSIONS: The water extract of tissue-cultured T. formosanum was non-toxic to rats in acute and subacute tests and exhibited no genotoxicity to five Salmonella strains.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Plant Extracts/toxicity , Taraxacum/toxicity , Tissue Culture Techniques/methods , Safety , Flavonoids/analysis , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Urinalysis , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Phenol/analysis , Toxicity Tests, Acute , Herbal Medicine , Taraxacum/chemistry , Serum , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Toxicity Tests, Subacute , Mutagenicity Tests
17.
Rev. bras. anal. clin ; 52(1): 77-81, 20200330. graf, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1116499

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: As infecções urinárias (ITU) acometem indivíduos no mundo inteiro e são causadas principalmente por bactérias Gram-negativas, sendo o diagnóstico laboratorial realizado pelo EAS e urocultura. Nesse estudo foram pesquisadas, em amostras de uroculturas positivas, as alterações apresentadas no exame de EAS, principalmente os marcadores de leucócitos e nitrito, e se estes poderiam contribuir para o diagnóstico da ITU. Também foram pesquisadas a faixa etária e a bactéria mais prevalente. Métodos: Um estudo retrospectivo foi realizado com base no levantamento de dados dos exames de urocultura realizados no Laboratório Clínico da PUC Goiás (LAC/PUC Goiás), no período de janeiro/2017 a agosto/2018, de acordo com idade, gênero do paciente e a espécie bacteriana isolada. Resultados: De 629 uroculturas positivas foi encontrada prevalência de ITU em adultos (63,3%), com predomínio no sexo feminino (85,8%), sendo a Escherichia coli (58,9%) a bactéria mais isolada. O nitrito foi detectado em 36,9% e a leucocitúria em 60,6% das amostras. Conclusão: Os resultados evidenciaram predomínio de ITU em adultos do sexo feminino, sendo a Escherichia coli a bactéria com maior prevalência. Quanto aos resultados do EAS, a leucocitúria revelou-se um marcador mais sensível para auxílio diagnóstico de ITU em relação ao nitrito, corroborando com a literatura científica especializada.


Objective: Urinary tract infections (UTI) affect individuals worldwide and are mainly caused by Gram-negative bacteria, and the laboratory diagnosis is performed by urinalysis and uroculture. In this study were investigated in samples of positive urocultures, the alterations presented in the examination of urinalysis, mainly leukocytes and nitrite, and if could contribute to the diagnosis of UTI. The most prevalent age group and bacteria were also investigated. Methods: A retrospective study was carried out based on data collection of uroculture examinations performed at the Clinical Laboratory of PUC Goiás (LAC/PUC Goiás), from january/2017 to august/2018, according to age, gender of patient and the isolated bacterial species. Results: Of 629 positive urocultures, the prevalence of UTI was found in adults (63,3%), with predominance in females (85,8%), and Escherichia coli (58,9%) was the most isolated bacteria. Nitrite was detected in 36,9% and leukocyturia in 60,6% of the samples. Conclusion: The results evidenced a predominance of UTI in female adults, and Escherichia coli was the most prevalent bacteria. Regarding the results of the urinalysis, leukocyturia proved to be a more sensitive marker for the diagnosis aid of UTI in relation to nitrite, corroborating with the literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Urinary Tract Infections , Urinalysis , Escherichia coli , Leukocytes
18.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 765-771, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879938

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To prepare monoclonal antibody against cotinine (COT) and to establish immunoassay for detecting COT in human urinary samples.@*METHODS@#BALB/c mice were immunized with synthesized cotinine-bovine serum albumin (COT-BSA) to screen monoclonal antibody with technique of cell fusion. The monoclonal antibody was used for the indirect competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ic-ELISA) and colloidal gold immunochromatographic strip assay for the detection of COT in human urine.@*RESULTS@#The monoclonal antibody against COT was identified by ic-ELISA with a 50%inhibitive concentration (IC@*CONCLUSIONS@#The ic-ELISA and colloidal gold immunochromatographic strip assay using the prepared monoclonal antibody against COT have been proved to be reliable for the rapid detection of COT in human urines, which may be used for monitoring of environmental tobacco smoke.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Cotinine/urine , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Gold Colloid , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Urinalysis/methods
19.
Annals of Laboratory Medicine ; : 238-244, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785395

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Pyuria seems to be common in chronic kidney disease (CKD), irrespective of urinary tract infection (UTI). It has been hypothesized that sterile pyuria occurs in CKD because of chronic renal parenchymal inflammation. However, there are limited data on whether CKD increases the rate of pyuria or how pyuria in CKD should be interpreted. We investigated the prevalence and characteristics of asymptomatic pyuria (ASP) in CKD via urinary white blood cell (WBC) analysis.METHODS: Urine examination was performed for all stable hemodialysis (HD) and non-dialysis CKD patients of the outpatient clinic (total N=298). Patients with infection symptoms or recent history of antibiotic use were excluded. Urine culture and WBC analysis were performed when urinalysis revealed pyuria.RESULTS: The prevalence of ASP was 30.5% (24.1% in non-dialysis CKD and 51.4% in HD patients). Over 70% of the pyuria cases were sterile. The majority of urinary WBCs were neutrophils, even in sterile pyuria. However, the percentage of neutrophils was significantly lower in sterile pyuria. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, the degree of pyuria, percentage of neutrophils, and presence of urinary nitrites remained independently associated with sterile pyuria.CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of ASP was higher in CKD patients and increased according to CKD stage. Most ASP in CKD was sterile. Ascertaining the number and distribution of urinary WBCs may be helpful for interpreting ASP in CKD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ambulatory Care Facilities , Inflammation , Leukocytes , Logistic Models , Neutrophils , Nitrites , Prevalence , Pyuria , Renal Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Urinalysis , Urinary Tract Infections , Viperidae
20.
Rev. colomb. obstet. ginecol ; 70(4): 243-252, oct.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1093047

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: determinar la prevalencia de infección del tracto urinario (ITU), el perfil microbiológico y la resistencia a los antibióticos en mujeres gestantes con sospecha de infección del tracto urinario. Materiales y métodos: estudio de corte transversal. Ingresaron gestantes con sospecha de infección del tracto urinario adquirida en la comunidad, remitidas a consulta externa desde su control prenatal o atención por urgencias, y hospitalizadas entre agosto de 2013 y septiembre de 2015 en un hospital universitario de referencia ubicado en Medellín, Colombia. Se excluyeron gestantes que hubieran recibido antibióticos el día anterior a la admisión. Muestreo aleatorio simple. Variables medidas: sociodemográficas, clínicas y bacteriológicos. Se aplicó estadística descriptiva. Resultados: la prevalencia de infección del tracto urinario fue del 29 %. Predominaron los aislamientos de bacterias Gram negativas, principalmente E. coli y K. pneumoniae en un 57,7 y 11,4 % respectivamente. Se observó resistencia a trimetoprim-sulfametoxazol en el 19,5 % y ampicilina-sulbactam en el 17,5 % de los aislamientos. Conclusiones: se requieren estudios de base poblacional para una mejor aproximación a la resistencia de las bacterias causantes de la ITU en la comunidad. Por otra parte, la alta resistencia observada podría sugerir que algunos antibióticos expuestos no sean incluidos en las guías locales de manejo de la ITU.


ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the prevalence of urinary tract infections (UTIs), the microbiological profile and antibiotic resistance in pregnant women with suspected urinary tract infection. Materials and methods: Cross-sectional study of pregnant women with suspected community- acquired urinary tract infection referred to the outpatient clinic by prenatal care practitioners or seen in the emergency room, and hospitalized between August 2013 and September 2015 in a referral teaching hospital located in Medellin, Colombia. Pregnant women who had received antibiotics on the day before admission were excluded. Random sampling. Measured variables: sociodemographic, clinical and bacteriological. Descriptive statistics were applied. Results: The prevalence of urinary tract infections was 29%. Gram negative bacteria isolates were found predominantly, the main ones being E. coli and K. pneumoniae at 57.7 and 11.4%, respectively. Resistance to trimethoprim- sulfamethoxazole and to ampicillin-sulbactam was observed in 19.5% and 17.5% of isolates, respectively. Conclusions: Population-based studies are needed to provide a better approach to bacterial resistance in community-acquired UTIs. On the other hand, the high resistance observed may suggest that some of the exposed antibiotics might not be included in the local guidelines for the management of UTIs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious , Urinary Tract Infections , Urinalysis , Diagnostic Techniques, Urological
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