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1.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(2): 220-243, March-Apr. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364966

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Bladder and urinary sphincter malfunctioning that results from some change in the central and/or peripheral nervous system is defined as neurogenic bladder. The urinary tract symptoms that can be related to its filling, emptying, or both have a significant impact on the quality of life of individuals. The present review was based on the document prepared for the public health system in Brazil as a treatment guidelines proposal. Material and Methods: Survey questions were structured as per PICO (Population, Intervention, Control, and Outcome). Search strategies were defined and performed in the MEDLINE/Pubmed, Embase, Epistemonikos and Google Scholar databases. The selection of articles followed the evidence hierarchy concept; evidence body was identified, and the quantitative study data were extracted. The quality of evidence and grade of recommendation were qualitatively assessed according to GRADE (Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluations). Results: A total of 2.707 articles were identified, with 49 of them being selected to compose the basis for this review. Neurogenic bladder treatments were classified according to their focus on filling or emptying symptoms and sub- classified in pharmacological and surgical treatments. Conclusion: Treatment guidelines are important tools for the public health system to promote the best practice when treating neurogenic bladder patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Urinary Tract , Urinary Bladder, Neurogenic/therapy , Quality of Life , Urinary Bladder , Surveys and Questionnaires
2.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(1): 31-51, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356283

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Defective closure of the neural tube affects different systems and generates sequelae, such as neurogenic bladder (NB). Myelomeningocele (MMC) represents the most frequent and most severe cause of NB in children. Damage of the renal parenchyma in children with NB acquired in postnatal stages is preventable given adequate evaluation, follow-up and proactive management. The aim of this document is to update issues on medical management of neurogenic bladder in children. Materials and Methods: Five Pediatric Urologists joined a group of experts and reviewed all important issues on "Spina Bifida, Neurogenic Bladder in Children" and elaborated a draft of the document. All the members of the group focused on the same system of classification of the levels of evidence (GRADE system) in order to assess the literature and the recommendations. During the year 2020 the panel of experts has met virtually to review, discuss and write a consensus document. Results and Discussion: The panel addressed recommendations on up to date choice of diagnosis evaluation and therapies. Clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) should be implemented during the first days of life, and antimuscarinic drugs should be indicated upon results of urodynamic studies. When the patient becomes refractory to first-line therapy, receptor-selective pharmacotherapy is available nowadays, which leads to a reduction in reconstructive procedures, such as augmentation cystoplasty.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Urinary Bladder, Neurogenic/therapy , Spinal Dysraphism , Meningomyelocele/complications , Meningomyelocele/therapy , Intermittent Urethral Catheterization , Urodynamics
5.
Estima (Online) ; 19(1): e2321, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1353119

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:avaliar a satisfação da pessoa com retenção urinária diante do uso de diferentes tipos de cateteres vesicais bem como comparar e analisar diferentes atributos desses após a sua utilização no cateterismo intermitente limpo (CIL). Método: estudo exploratório descritivo de corte transversal, desenvolvido em um ambulatório de referência do estado de São Paulo, no período de fevereiro a março de 2020. A amostra constituiu-se de 32 adultos cadastrados no serviço, e que adotavam o CIL como forma de esvaziamento vesical. A coleta de dados foi realizada por entrevista individual com a utilização de um questionário semiestruturado. Os dados foram analisados por estatística descritiva, inferencial e categorização das respostas para as questões abertas. Resultados: dos 32 usuários, 84% eram do sexo masculino, com média de idade de 54,16 anos, 81% realizavam o procedimento entre 1 a 5 anos, com frequência de 4 a 6 vezes ao dia (66%). A maioria dos entrevistados (73%) preferiu o cateter de poliuretano com revestimento hidrofílico, convergindo com o percentual de usuários satisfeitos com o mesmo cateter. Conclusão: a tecnologia com maior satisfação é o cateter de poliuretano com revestimento hidrofílico devido a diversos atributos, como lubrificação, firmeza, embalagem, deslizamento na uretra, manipulação, eliminação rápida da urina e conforto


Objective:to assess the satisfaction of the person with urinary retention in the face of the use of different types of urinary catheters, as well as to compare and analyze different attributes of these after their use in clean intermittent catheterization (CIC). Method: descriptive exploratory cross-sectional study, developed in a reference clinic in the state of São Paulo, from February to March 2020. The sample consisted of 32 adults registered in the service, and who adopted the CIC as a form of bladder emptying . Data collection was performed through individual interviews using a semi-structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive, inferential statistics and categorization of responses to open questions. Results: of the 32 users, 84% were male, with a mean age of 54.16 years, 81% performed the procedure between 1 and 5 years, with a frequency of 4 to 6 times a day (66%). Most respondents (73%) preferred the hydrophilic-coated polyurethane catheter, converging with the percentage of users satisfied with the same catheter. Conclusion: the most satisfying technology is the hydrophilic-coated polyurethane catheter due to several attributes such as lubrication, firmness, packaging, urethral slip, handling, rapid urine clearance and comfort


Objetivo:evaluar la satisfacción de la persona con retención urinaria ante el uso de diferentes tipos de catéteres vesicales, así como comparar y analizar diferentes atributos de estos después de su utilización en el cateterismo intermitente limpio (CIL). Método: estudio exploratorio descriptivo de corte transversal, desarrollado en un ambulatorio de referencia del estado de San Pablo, en el período de febrero a marzo del 2020. La muestra se constituye de 32 adultos registrados en el servicio, y que adoptaban el CIL como forma de vaciamiento vesical. La recogida de datos fue realizada por entrevista individual con la utilización de un cuestionario semiestructurado. Los datos fueron analizados por estadística descriptiva, inferencial y categorización de las respuestas para las preguntas abiertas. Resultados: de los 32 usuarios, 84% eran del sexo masculino, con promedio de edad de 54,16 años, 81% realizaban el procedimiento entre 1 a 5 años, con frecuencia de 4 a 6 veces al día (66%). La mayoría de los entrevistados (73%) prefirió el catéter de poliuretano con revestimiento hidrófilo, convergiendo con el porcentual de usuarios satisfechos con el mismo catéter. Conclusión: la tecnología con mayor satisfacción es el catéter de poliuretano con revestimiento hidrófilo debido a diversos atributos, como lubricación, firmeza, embalaje, deslizamiento en la uretra, manipulación, eliminación rápida de la orina y comodidad


Subject(s)
Self Care , Urinary Bladder, Neurogenic , Urinary Catheterization , Health Education , Enterostomal Therapy
7.
Med. infant ; 28(1): 27-32, Marzo 2021. Tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1282913

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El mielomeningocele (MMC) es una de las malformaciones congénitas más severas compatible con la vida. El 90% de los pacientes presenta vejiga neurogénica que debe ser evaluada y tratada precozmente. Objetivos: Describir la evaluación y tratamiento nefrourológico recibido por pacientes con MMC hasta el momento de la primera consulta en el Hospital Garrahan (periodo pre-ingreso). Describir la evaluación realizada y el tratamiento urológico implementado a partir del ingreso al hospital Garrahan (periodo post-ingreso). Evaluar la prevalencia de Enfermedad Renal Crónica (ERC). Población y Métodos: Se realizó un estudio con diseño clínico analítico, retrospectivo, longitudinal sobre pacientes con MMC de 1 mes a 18 años derivados al Hospital Garrahan para atención ambulatoria en los años 2011 y 2012. Resultados: Se incluyeron115 pacientes. Al momento de la derivación al hospital ("pre-ingreso") 7% de los pacientes habían logrado completar evaluación nefrourológica, (ecografía vesicorenal, urodinamia, Cistouretrografía, Centellograma renal y Creatininemia). Tratamiento: 33% vaciaban vejiga por CIL o vesicostomía y 21% recibían Oxibutinina. A partir del ingreso al seguimiento en el Garrahan 83% lograron completar la evaluación, y en función del resultado de la misma se indicó CIL en 87% y Oxibutinina en el 66% de los pacientes. La prevalencia de ERC al ingreso fue de 43%; la mayoría en estadio I. Conclusiones: La mayoría de los pacientes con MMC fueron derivados al hospital de tercer nivel con evaluaciones urológicas incompletas y sin el tratamiento adecuado de la vejiga neurogénica. El inicio del seguimiento interdisciplinario en un hospital de alta complejidad facilitó la realización de las evaluaciones necesarias y la implementación del tratamiento adecuado (AU)


Introduction: Myelomeningocele (MMC) is one of the most severe congenital malformations compatible with life. Of all the patients, 90% presents with a neurogenic bladder requiring early evaluation and treatment. Objectives: To describe the uronephrological evaluation and treatment received by patients with MMC up to the first consultation at Garrahan Hospital (pre-follow-up period). To describe the urological evaluation and treatment implemented from referral to Garrahan Hospital (follow-up period). To evaluate the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Population and Methods: A retrospective, longitudinal study with a clinical, analytical design was conducted in patients with MMC between 1 months and 18 years of age referred to Garrahan Hospital for outpatient care in 2011 and 2012. Results: 115 patients were included. At the time of referral to the hospital ("pre-follow-up") 7% of the patients had undergone complete uronephrological evaluation (kidney-bladder ultrasonography, urodynamic studies, cystourethrography, renal scintigraphy, and creatininemia levels). Treatment: 33% emptied their bladder by CIC or vesicostomy and 21% received oxybutynin. From follow-up initiation at Garrahan Hospital, 83% underwent complete evaluation, and based on the results CIC was indicated in 87% and oxybutynin in 66% of the patients. On admission, prevalence of CKD was 43%; with stage I in the majority of the patients. Conclusions: The majority of the patients with MMC were referred to a third-level hospital with incomplete urological studies and without adequate treatment of the neurogenic bladder. Initiation of interdisciplinary follow-up at a tertiary hospital allowed for the necessary studies and implementation of adequate treatment (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Patient Care Team , Urinary Bladder, Neurogenic/diagnosis , Urinary Bladder, Neurogenic/etiology , Urinary Bladder, Neurogenic/therapy , Meningomyelocele/complications , Meningomyelocele/diagnosis , Meningomyelocele/epidemiology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Kidney Function Tests
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879846

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) in children with neurogenic bladder (NB), and to provide a reference for its early diagnosis and treatment.@*METHODS@#Clinical data were collected from 26 children with NB and urinary tract infection who were admitted to the Department of Pediatric Nephrology from January 2014 to December 2019. According to the presence or absence of VUR, the children were divided into a VUR group with 11 children and a non-VUR group with 15 children. Clinical features were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the non-VUR group, the VUR group had a significantly higher proportion of children with non-@*CONCLUSIONS@#When NB children have the clinical manifestations of non-


Subject(s)
Child , Creatinine , Humans , Infant , Radionuclide Imaging , Urinary Bladder, Neurogenic/etiology , Urinary Tract Infections/etiology , Vesico-Ureteral Reflux/diagnostic imaging
10.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(6): 891-901, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134270

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose To review current literature regarding sacral neuromodulation (SNM) for neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (NLUTD) focused on indications, barriers and latest technological developments. Material and Methods A PubMed database search was performed in April 2020, focusing on SNM and various neuro-urological conditions. Results SNM has been increasingly indicated for lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) in neuro-urological patients. Most studies are cases series with several methodological limitations and limited follow-up, lacking standardized definition for SNM clinical success. Most series focused on neurogenic overactive bladder in spinal cord injured (incomplete lesions) and multiple sclerosis patients. Barriers for applying this therapy in neurogenic LUTD were mainly related to magnetic resonance imaging incompatibility, size of the implantable pulse generator (IPG), and battery depletion. Newer technological advances have been made to address these limitations and will be widely available in the near future. Conclusions SNM seems a promising therapy for neurogenic LUTD in carefully selected patients with incomplete lesions. Further studies are still needed to define which subgroups of neurological patients benefit the most from this minimally invasive technique.


Subject(s)
Humans , Urinary Bladder, Neurogenic/therapy , Electric Stimulation Therapy , Sacrum
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785549

ABSTRACT

Bladder diverticulum can be caused by many varying factors. It is usually asymptomatic in nature and thus often found by chance. In adult males, it can develop as a result of increased intravesicular pressure in the presence of an underlying benign prostatic hyperplasia. We observed a case in which a patient with asymptomatic bladder diverticulum developed new urinary symptoms owing to an underlying neurogenic lower urinary tract disorder which occurred following a cerebral infarction.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cerebral Infarction , Diverticulum , Humans , Male , Prostatic Hyperplasia , Stroke , Urinary Bladder , Urinary Bladder, Neurogenic , Urinary Tract
12.
Rev. Méd. Paraná ; 78(2): 98-100, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223351

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: relatar o caso de uma paciente submetida a cirurgia de derivação urinária utilizando o princípio de Mitrofanoff com a técnica de Yang-Monti. Caso clínico: paciente, feminino, 26 anos, apresentou- -se com queixas de dor para realização de sondagem vesical por sequela de bexiga neurogênica subsequente a ressecção prévia de tumor medular. Após falha medicamentosa, decidiu-se pela urostomia a fim de formar um conduto cateterizável no abdome, seguindo o princípio de Mitrofanoff. Durante o ato cirúrgico, houve aposição do apêndice cecal na cúpula da bexiga objetivando anastomosar sua extremidade distal na cicatriz umbilical. Entretanto, devido à sua falta de comprimento, optou-se por alongar o conduto com um segmento intestinal remodelado pela técnica de Yang-Monti. Comentários: o princípio de Mitrofanoff com a técnica de Yang-Monti, utilizando segmentos intestinais remodelados devido à incompatibilidade do apêndice cecal, demonstrou-se segura e efetiva para o tratamento da incontinência urinária.


Objective: To report the case of a patient submitted to a urinary diversion surgery using the Mitrofanoff principle with the Yang-Monti technique. Clinical case: A 26-years-old patient presented with complaints of pain for bladder catheterization due to a neurogenic bladder sequel after previous spinal tumor resection. After drug-therapy failure, urostomy was decided to form a catheterizable conduit in the abdomen, using the Mitrofanoff principle. During the surgical procedure, the appendix of the cecal was affixed to the dome of the bladder in order to anastomosis its distal part to the umbilical scar. However, due to its lack of length, it was decided to lengthen the conduit with an intestinal segment remodeled by the Yang-Monti technique. Comments: The Mitrofanoff principle associated to the Yang-Monti technique using remodeled intestinal segments, due to the incompatibility of the cecal appendix, proved to be a safe and effective procedure for the treatment of urinary incontinence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Urinary Diversion , Urinary Incontinence , Urinary Bladder, Neurogenic , Appendix
13.
Rev. argent. neurocir ; 33(4): 220-229, dic. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1152292

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Restaurar función de vaciado vesical en pacientes con vejiga neurogénica por medio de la reinervación de la vejiga a través de la creación de reflejo sómato-visceral. Registrar complicaciones neuroquirúrgicas, urológicas y ortopédicas.Evaluar dificultades técnico-quirúrgicas y los resultados de 5 casos realizados en Argentina. Introducción: La vejiga neurogénica es una complicación secundaria al daño neurológico en los pacientes con mielomeningocele (MMC). Para lograr vaciar la vejiga deben realizar cateterismo intermitente. La técnica Xiao se basa en permitir la generación de un arco reflejo somato visceral por medio de una anastomosis entre una raíz eferente donante y la raíz motora S2 S3 que permita el vaciado vesical sin cateterismo. Material y métodos: Por medio de un estudio descriptivo retrospectivo, se analizan los resultados obtenidos luego de realizar la técnica Xiao, en el año 2010, en 5 pacientes con MMC y vejiga neurogénica. Los pacientes fueron operados en el Instituto de Rehabilitación (IREP). Fueron evaluados en forma multidisciplinaria tanto pre como en el postoperatorio por neurocirujanos, neurólogos, urólogos, clínicos y kinesiólogos. Resultados: Los pacientes que presentaron mejores resultados fueron los más jóvenes y los que no presentaban daño estructural de la vejiga al momento de la cirugía, lo que coincide con los resultados compartidos por los demás centros donde fue realizada esta técnica. Conclusiones: La técnica de Xiao puede considerarse una opción para el tratamiento de la vejiga neurogénica. Aunque nuestra serie es muy pequeña para dar conclusiones, los resultados globales de todas las series muestran resultados alentadores.


Objective: To restore bladder function in patients with neurogenic bladder through the reinnervation through restauration of somatic-visceral reflex. Record neurosurgical, urological and orthopedic complications. To evaluate technical-surgical difficulties and the results of 5 cases performed in Argentina. Introduction: Neurogenic bladder is a complication secondary to neurological damage in patients with myelomeningocele (MMC). To achieve emptying of the bladder, intermittent catheterization must be performed. The "Xiao technique" is based on allowing the generation of a visceral somatic-reflex arc by means of an anastomosis between a donor efferent root and the motor root S2-S3 that allows bladder emptying without catheterization. Material and methods: Through a retrospective descriptive study, the results obtained after performing the "Xiao technique" in 5 patients with MMC and neurogenic bladder were analyzed. The patients were operated at the Rehabilitation Institute (IREP). They were evaluated with a multidisciplinary team, both pre and post-surgery. The team was formed by neurosurgeons, neurologists, urologists, clinicians and kinesiologists. Results: The patients who presented the best results were the youngest and those who did not present structural damage of the bladder at the time of surgery, which match the results shared by the other centers where this technique was performed. Conclusions: "Xiao's technique" can be considered an option for the treatment of neurogenic bladder. Although our series is too small to make conclusions, the overall results of all the series show encouraging results


Subject(s)
Meningomyelocele , Rehabilitation , Therapeutics , Urinary Bladder , Urinary Bladder, Neurogenic , Urologists
14.
Fisioter. Bras ; 20(5): 675-680, Outubro 24, 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1281736

ABSTRACT

A dengue pode desencadear manifestações neurológicas como a Síndrome de Encefalomielite Aguda Disseminada (ADEM), de caráter inflamatório, desmielinizante, que pode ter dentre as consequências déficits motores e sensitivos, neurite ótica e disfunções vesicais, como a retenção urinária, tornando o indivíduo dependente da realização do cateterismo vesical intermitente (CVI). Desta forma, o objetivo deste estudo é descrever o tratamento fisioterapêutico de uma paciente com retenção urinária, decorrente de Síndrome de ADEM pós-dengue. Paciente do sexo feminino, 52 anos, internada em hospital de média complexidade com diagnóstico de ADEM. Na avaliação inicial apresentava grau de força muscular 3 de membros inferiores e 4 de membros superiores, 2 de musculatura do assoalho pélvico (MAP) e retenção urinária, necessitando realizar CVI. Foram realizados 32 atendimentos com duração de uma hora, incluindo o treinamento do assoalho pélvico em diferentes posturas e eletroestimulação de superfície da MAP com equipamento da marca Ibramed. Paciente recebeu alta hospitalar com evidente melhora da força muscular global e sem necessidade de CVI, apresentando micção voluntária e sem resíduo pós-miccional, favorecendo a prevenção de agravos do trato urinário inferior e superior. (AU)


Dengue can trigger neurological manifestations such as Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis (ADEM), with inflammatory, demyelinating condition, which may have, among the consequences, motor and sensory deficits, optic neuritis and bladder dysfunctions, such as urinary retention, making the individual dependent on intermittent bladder catheterization (IBC). Therefore, the objective of this study was to describe the physiotherapeutic treatment of a patient with urinary retention, due to ADEM syndrome after dengue. A 52-year-old female patient admitted to a hospital of medium complexity with a diagnosis of ADEM. In the initial evaluation, she presented a degree 3 of muscular strength in the lower limbs and 4 in the upper limbs, 2 in pelvic floor musculature (PFM) and urinary retention, requiring IBC. We performed 32 one hour sessions, including pelvic floor muscle training in different positions and surface electrostimulation of PFM with Ibramed brand equipment. Patient was discharged with evident improvement of global muscle strength and without IBC, presenting voluntary voiding and without post void residual, favoring the prevention of lower and upper urinary tract injuries. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Urinary Retention , Pelvic Floor , Encephalomyelitis, Acute Disseminated , Urination , Urinary Bladder, Neurogenic , Dengue , Muscle Strength
15.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(4): 807-814, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019878

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose The vesicostomy button has been shown to be a safe and effective bladder management strategy for short- or medium-term use when CIC cannot be instituted. This study reports our use with the vesicostomy button, highlighting the pros and cons of its use and complications. We then compared the quality or life in patients with vesicostomy button to those performing clean intermittent catheterization. Materials and Methods Retrospective chart review was conducted on children who had a vesicostomy button placed between 2011 and 2015. Placement was through existing vesicostomy, open or endoscopically. We then evaluated placement procedure and complications. A validated quality of life questionnaire was given to patients with vesicostomy button and to a matched cohort of patients performing clean intermittent catheterization. Results Thirteen children have had a vesicostomy button placed at our institution in the 4 year period, ages 7 months to 18 years. Indications for placement included neurogenic bladder (5), non-neurogenic neurogenic bladder (3), and valve bladders (5). Five out of 7 placed via existing vesicostomy had leakage around button. None of the endoscopically placed buttons had leakage. Complications were minor including UTI (3), wound infection (1), and button malfunction/leakage (3). QOL was equal and preserved in patients living with vesicostomy buttons when compared to CIC. Conclusion The vesicostomy button is an acceptable alternative to traditional vesicostomy and CIC. The morbidity of the button is quite low. Endoscopic insertion is the optimal technique. QOL is equivalent in patients with vesicostomy button and those who perform CIC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Quality of Life , Cystostomy/methods , Time Factors , Urinary Bladder, Neurogenic/surgery , Cystostomy/instrumentation , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Intermittent Urethral Catheterization/methods
16.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(3): 605-614, May-June 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012315

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To cross-culturally adapt and check for the reliability and validity of the neurogenic bladder symptom score questionnaire to Brazilian Portuguese, in patients with spinal cord injury and multiple sclerosis. Materials and Methods: The questionnaire was culturally adapted according to international guidelines. The Brazilian version was applied in patients diagnosed with neurogenic bladder due to spinal cord injury or multiple sclerosis, twice in a range of 7 to 14 days. Psychometric properties were tested such as content validity, construct validity, internal consistency, and test-retest reliability. Results: Sixty-eight patients participated in the study. Good internal consistency of the Portuguese version was observed, with Cronbach α of 0.81. The test-retest reliability was also high, with an Intraclass Correlation Coefficient of 0.86 [0.76 - 0.92] (p<0.0001). In the construct validity, the Pearson Correlation revealed a moderate correlation between the Portuguese version of the NBSS and the Qualiveen-SF questionnaire (r = 0.66 [0.40-0.82]; p <0.0001). Conclusions: The process of cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the NBSS questionnaire for the Brazilian Portuguese in patients with neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction was concluded.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Urinary Bladder, Neurogenic/diagnosis , Cross-Cultural Comparison , Surveys and Questionnaires/standards , Symptom Assessment/standards , Psychometrics , Quality of Life , Reference Standards , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Symptom Assessment/methods , Language , Middle Aged
18.
Rev. Pesqui. Fisioter ; 9(2): 273-283, Maio 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151330

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: O tratamento da Bexiga Neurogênica (BN) pode ser feito através do manejo farmacológico e/ou não farmacológico. Dentro do tratamento não farmacológico temos a neuromodulação não invasiva (NMNI) realizada com aplicação de eletrodos transcutâneos que sugere uma modulação nos componentes excitatórios e inibitórios do controle da bexiga. OBJETIVO: Reunir evidencias que avaliem o efeito da NMNI na BN de crianças com disfunções neurológicas. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um artigo de revisão integrativa que foi elaborada seguindo sete etapas. A busca foi feita nas bases de dados PubMed, Biblioteca Virtual de Saúde (BVS) e ScienceDirect. A escolha dos artigos foi realizada inicialmente por dois avaliadores independentes, obedecendo os critérios de elegibilidade: realizar tratamento para BN utilizando estimulação elétrica não invasiva com objetivo de neuromodulação da via urinária; população amostral composta por crianças com alteração miccional em decorrência de alguma disfunção neurológica e possuir os textos disponíveis na íntegra nas plataformas online de busca, no período de Agosto a Novembro de 2018. Foram incluídos artigos que utilizaram NMNI como tratamento da BN em crianças. RESULTADOS: Foram encontrados 440 artigos e apenas 5 atenderam aos critérios de inclusão. Ao todo, participaram dos estudos 141 crianças com acometimentos neurológicos. Os principais elementos utilizados nas avaliações foram diário miccional, o estudo urodinâmico, a coleta da história clínica e o exame físico. Os parâmetros de estimulação e posicionamento de eletrodos foram variados. CONCLUSÃO: A NMNI apresentou bons resultados no tratamento de crianças com BN e, foi observado também, efeitos positivos no intestino neurogênico, porém, são necessários mais estudos que sugiram protocolos bem delineados para a reprodução na prática clínica.


INTRODUCTION: The treatment of Neurogenic Bladder (NB) may be performed through pharmacological and/or nonpharmacological techniques. In relation to the non-pharmacological treatment, non-invasive neuromodulation (NINM) is widely used applying transcutaneous electrodes, which suggest a modulation on the excitatory components and bladder control inhibitors. OBJECTIVE: To gather evidence in order to assess the effect of NINM on the NB of children with neurological dysfunctions. METHODS: It is an integrative review article elaborated following seven steps. The research was done in the databases PubMed, Virtual Health Library (VHL) and ScienceDirect. Assortment of articles was initially made by two independent evaluators, obeying the eligibility criteria: perform NB treatment using noninvasive electrical stimulation aiming urinary tract neuromodulation; population sample composed by children with voiding alteration due to a neurological dysfunction and which have full texts available, from August to November 2018. Were included articles which used NINM as a treatment of NB in children. RESULTS: 440 articles were found, however only five met the inclusion criteria. Overall, 141 children with neurological afflictions were part of the study. The main evaluators elements were the voiding diary, the urodynamic study, collection of clinical history and physical exam. Parameters of stimulation and position of the electrodes varied between the studies. CONCLUSION: NINM showed agreable results in the treatment of children with NB, In addition, positive effects were observed in relation to the neurogenic intestine, despite the needing of further studies which suggest well-designed protocols for reproduction in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Child , Urinary Bladder, Neurogenic , Child , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation
19.
Clinical Pain ; (2): 130-132, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811480

ABSTRACT

Acupuncture is generally regarded as a safe procedure and as a popular treatment for patients with musculoskeletal disorders. We report a case of a 47-year-old male patient with late-onset tetraplegia, developed after acupuncture. He had no trauma, medical, and social history relevant to tetraplegia. Right after the acupuncture, he felt discomfort in his right arm. After 6 days, all 4 extremity weakness developed. Whole-spine magnetic resonance imaging revealed the presence of spinal subdural hematoma extending from the C5 vertebra to the coccyx level. Hand coordination dysfunction, neurogenic bladder, and neuropathic pain were other symptoms. After the management, he recovered muscle strength, but incomplete bladder control and neuralgia were sustained. It is important to be aware of the possibilities of severe complications after acupuncture.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Arm , Coccyx , Extremities , Hand , Hematoma, Subdural, Spinal , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Muscle Strength , Neuralgia , Quadriplegia , Spine , Urinary Bladder , Urinary Bladder, Neurogenic
20.
In. Castillo Pino, Edgardo A. Tratado de perineología: disfunciones del piso pélvico. Montevideo, Academia Nacional de Medicina, 2019. p.145-150.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1348266
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