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Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 214-219, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970183


Objective: To examine the early effect of thoracoscopic trans-mitral myectomy for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy patients with left midventricular obstruction. Methods: From April 2020 to July 2021, 10 hypertrophic cardiomyopathy patients with left midventricular obstruction underwent thoracoscopic trans-mitral myectomy at Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital. The whole group of patients consisted of 7 males and 3 females aged (52.0±16.4) years (range: 18 to 68 years). The EuroSCORE Ⅱ predicted mortality rate was 1.78% (1.20%) (M(IQR)) (range: 0.96% to 4.86%). The clinical data were collected and analyzed retrospectively to evaluate the clinical efficacy by comparing preoperative and postoperative echocardiographic parameters using paired t-test, paired Wilcoxon test or Fisher exact test, including left ventricular outflow tract peak pressure gradient, maximum interventricular septum thickness, systolic anterior motion of the anterior mitral leaflet and so on. The safety was determined by summarizing the incidence of perioperative and follow-up complications. Results: All the procedures successed with no conversion to median sternotomy, septal defect, ventricular rupture. There was no in-hospital 30-day death, neither serious complications like permanent pacemaker implantation, re-sternotomy for bleeding, low cardiac output syndrome, stroke, or multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. The left ventricular outflow tract obstruction was effectively relieved in all patients expect a patient developed residual obstruction. Compared with that of pre-operation, the thickness of the interventricular septum was significantly reduced from (22.1±4.0) mm to (10.3±1.7) mm (t=10.693, P<0.01), while the left ventricular outflow tract peak pressure gradient was significantly reduced from (81.7±21.1) mmHg to 12.3 (11.5) mmHg (Z=-2.805, P<0.01) (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa). Conclusion: Thoracoscopic trans-mitral myectomy is an effective and safe procedure for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy patients with left midventricular obstruction.

Male , Female , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Echocardiography , Treatment Outcome , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/complications , Ventricular Septum
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 209-213, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970182


Objective: To examine the short-term curative effect with minimally invasive right infra-axillary thoracotomy for transaortic modified Morrow procedure. Methods: The clinical data of 60 patients who underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic transaortic modified Morrow procedure from August 2021 to August 2022 at Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. There were 31 males and 29 females, with the age (M (IQR)) of 54.0(22.3) years (range: 15 to 71 years). The echocardiography confirmed the diagnosis of moderate mitral regurgitation in 30 patients, and severe mitral regurgitation in 13 patients. Systolic anterior motion (SAM) was present preoperatively in 54 patients. All 60 patients underwent transaortic modified Morrow procedure through a right infra-axillary thoracotomy using femorofemoral cardiopulmonary bypass. Surgical procedures mainly included transverse aortic incision, exposure of left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT), septal myectomy, and correction of the abnormal mitral valve and subvalvular structures. Results: All 60 patients underwent the programmatic procedures successfully without conversion to full sternotomy. The cardiopulmonary bypass time was (142.0±32.1) minutes (range: 89 to 240 minutes), while the cross-clamp time was (95.0±23.5) minutes (range: 50 to 162 minutes). The patients had a postoperative peak LVOT gradient of 7.0 (5.0) mmHg (range: 0 to 38 mmHg) (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa). A total of 57 patients were extubated on the operating table. The drainage volume in the first 24 h was (175.9±57.0) ml (range: 60 to 327 ml). The length of intensive care unit stay was 21.0 (5.8)h (range: 8 to 120 h) and postoperative hospital stay was 8 (5) days (range: 5 to 19 days). The postoperative septal thickness was 11 (2) mm (range: 8 to 14 mm). All patients had no iatrogenic ventricular septal perforation or postoperative residual SAM. The patients were followed up for 4 (9) months (range: 1 to 15 months), and none of them needed cardiac surgery again due to valve dysfunction or increased peak LVOT gradient during follow-up. Conclusion: Using a video-assisted thoracoscopic transaortic modified Morrow procedure through a right infra-axillary minithoracotomy can provide good visualization of the LVOT and hypertrophic ventricular septum, ensure optimal exposure of the mitral valve in the presence of complex mitral subvalvular structures, so that allows satisfactory short-term surgical results.

Male , Female , Humans , Mitral Valve Insufficiency/surgery , Thoracotomy , Retrospective Studies , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/surgery , Ventricular Septum/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 201-208, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970181


Objectives: To examine the short-term and mid-term effects of surgical treatment of obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) in one center. Methods: The perioperative data and short-term follow-up outcomes of 421 patients with obstructive HCM who received surgical treatment at Department of Cardiac Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University from January 2017 to December 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 207 males and 214 females, aged (56.5±11.7) years (range: 19 to 78 years). Preoperative New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification included 45 cases of class Ⅱ, 328 cases in class Ⅲ, and 48 cases in class Ⅳ. Fifty-eight patients were diagnosed with latent obstructive HCM and 257 patients had moderate or more mitral regurgitation with 56 patients suffering from intrinsic mitral valve diseases. All procedures were completed by a multidisciplinary team, including professional echocardiologists involving in preoperative planning for proper mitral valve management strategies and intraoperative monitoring. A total of 338 patients underwent septal myectomy alone, and 59 patients underwent mitral valve surgery along with myectomy. A single transaortic approach was used in 355 patients, and a right atrial-atrial septal/atrial sulcus approach was used in 51 other patients. Long-handled minimally invasive surgical instruments were used for the procedures. Student t test, Wilcoxon rank sum test, χ2 test or Fisher exact test were used to compare the data before and after surgery. Results: The aortic cross-clamping time of septal myectomy alone was (34.3±8.5) minutes (range: 21 to 94 minutes). Eighteen patients had intraoperative adverse events and underwent immediate reoperation, including residual obstruction (10 patients), left ventricular free wall rupture (4 patients), ventricular septal perforation (3 patients), and aortic valve perforation (1 patient). Four patients died during hospitalization, and 11 patients developed complete atrioventricular block requiring permanent pacemaker implantation. After discharge, 384 (92.1%) patients received a follow-up visit with a median duration of 9 months. All follow-up patients survived with significantly improved NYHA classifications: 216 patients in class Ⅰ and 168 patients in class Ⅱ (χ2=662.73, P<0.01 as compared to baseline). At 6 months after surgery, follow-up echocardiography showed that the thickness of the ventricular septum ((13.6±2.5) mm vs. (18.2±3.0) mm, t=23.51, P<0.01) and the peak left ventricular outflow tract gradient ((12.0±6.3) mmHg vs. (93.4±19.8) mmHg, 1 mmHg=0.133 kPa, t=78.29, P<0.01) were both significantly lower than baseline values. Conclusion: The construction of the surgical team (including echocardiography experts), proper mitral valve management strategies, identification and management of sub-mitral-valve abnormalities, and application of long-handled minimally invasive surgical instruments are important for the successful implementation of septal myectomy with satisfactory short-and medium-term outcomes.

Male , Female , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Atrial Fibrillation , Treatment Outcome , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/surgery , Mitral Valve Insufficiency/surgery , Ventricular Septum
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 196-200, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970180


Septal reduction therapies, which include septal myectomy and alcohol septal ablation and so on, are the current treatment strategies for patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and drug-refractory symptoms. With the deepening of theoretical understanding and the rapid development of interventional therapies, some researchers have tried to perform transcatheter mitral valve edge-to-edge repair to treat high-risk patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, including obstructive and non-obstructive. The reported results are relatively satisfactory, but many urgent problems need to be solved, such as the lack of data on animal experiments and large cohort studies, and the unknown medium- and long-term outcomes. However, transcatheter mitral valve edge-to-edge repair brings new ideas for the diagnosis and treatment of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. On one hand, it can be used as a monotherapy, on the other hand, it can be combined with novel molecular targeted drug therapy or emerging minimally invasive surgical procedures targeting hypertrophic ventricular septum, which deserves our further attention and exploratory research.

Humans , Treatment Outcome , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/surgery , Mitral Valve/surgery , Ventricular Septum/surgery , Hypertrophy
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 54-60, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970173


Objective: To examine the clinical efficacy of myectomy guided by personalized three-dimensional reconstruction and printing for patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Methods: The clinical data of 28 patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, who underwent septal myectomy guided by personalized three-dimensional reconstruction and printing in the Department of Cardiaovascular Surgery, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital from May 2020 to December 2021, were retrospectively analyzed. There were 14 males and 14 females, aging (51.1±14.0) years (range: 18 to 72 years). Enhanced cardiac computed tomography images were imported into Mimics software for preoperative three-dimensional reconstruction. The direction of the short axial plane of each segment was marked perpendicularly to the interventricular septum on the long axial plane of the digital cardiac model, then the thickness was measured on each short axial plane. A figurative digital model was used to determine the extent of resection and to visualize mitral valve and papillary muscle abnormalities. Correlation between the length, width, thickness, and volume of the predicted resected myocardium and those of the surgically resected myocardium was assessed by Pearson correlation analysis or Spearman correlation analysis. The accuracy of detecting mitral valve and papillary muscle abnormalities of transthoracic echocardiography and three-dimensional reconstruction was also compared. Results: There was no death or serious complications like permanent pacemaker implantation, re-sternotomy for bleeding, low cardiac output syndrome, stroke, or multiple organ dysfunction syndromes in the whole group. Namely, the obstruction of the left ventricular outflow tract was effectively relieved. The systolic anterior motion of the anterior mitral valve leaflet was absent in all patients after myectomy. The length, width, and thickness of the predicted resected myocardium by three-dimensional reconstruction were significantly positively correlated with the length (R=0.65, 95%CI: 0.37 to 0.82, P<0.01), width (R=0.39, 95%CI: 0.02 to 0.67, P<0.01), and thickness (R=0.82, 95%CI: 0.65 to 0.92, P<0.01) of the surgically resected myocardium, while the relation of the volume of the predicted resected myocardium and the volume of the surgically resected myocardium was a strong positive correlation (R=0.88, 95%CI: 0.76 to 0.94, P<0.01). Importantly, the interventricular septal myocardial thickness measured by preoperative transthoracic echocardiography showed a moderate positive correlation with the volume of surgically resected myocardium (R=0.52, 95%CI: 0.19 to 0.75, P<0.01). During a follow-up of (14.4±6.8) months (range: 3 to 22 months), no death occurred, and 1 patient was readmitted for endocardial radiofrequency ablation due to atrial fibrillation. Conclusion: Personalized three-dimensional reconstruction and printing can not only visualize the intracardiac structure but also guide septal myectomy by predicting the thickness, volume, and extent of resected myocardium to achieve ideal resection.

Female , Humans , Male , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/diagnosis , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Ventricular Septum
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(4): e349-e352, agosto 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1281786


El rabdomiosarcoma es el tumor maligno de partes blandas más frecuente en la edad pediátrica. Puede afectar cualquier localización anatómica. El subtipo histológico alveolar suele causar lesiones en las extremidades en niños de mayor edad. Los sitios metástasicos más frecuentes son el pulmón, la médula ósea, el hueso y los ganglios linfáticos. Describimos el caso de un paciente con rabdomiosarcoma alveolar (RA) con metástasis cardíaca, una presentación poco frecuente de la patología.

Rhabdomyosarcoma is the most common malignant soft tissue tumor in pediatric age. It can affect any anatomical location. Alveolar histological subtype usually presents lesions on the extremities in older children. The most common metastatic sites are the lung, bone marrow, bone and lymph node. We describe a case of alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma with cardiac metastasis in a pediatric patient, a rare presentation of the pathology.

Humans , Male , Child , Soft Tissue Neoplasms/pathology , Rhabdomyosarcoma, Alveolar/pathology , Foot Diseases/pathology , Heart Neoplasms/secondary , Rhabdomyosarcoma, Alveolar/diagnosis , Rhabdomyosarcoma, Alveolar/therapy , Ventricular Septum , Foot Diseases/diagnosis , Foot Diseases/drug therapy , Heart Neoplasms/diagnosis , Heart Neoplasms/drug therapy , Neoplasm Staging
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 900-904, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941374


Objectives: To explore the impact of strength sport on heart structure by echocardiography (ECHO) and cardiac resonance imaging (CMR). Methods: This is a case control study. A total of 14 male weightlifter athletes who underwent physical examination in Peking University Third Hospital from January 16, 2019 to November 1, 2019 were included in this study. Fourteen age-matched healthy Chinese men served as the control group. ECHO and CMR were used to detect the heart structure and function of the participants. Results: The age of athlete group was (21±3) years, and the training time was (9±4) years. The weekly exercise time of athlete group was more than 15 hours, while that of control group was less than 3 hours. ECHO-derived interventricular septal (IVS) thickness value ((9.3±1.3) mm vs. (8.1±0.5) mm, P=0.006) and CMR-derived IVS value ((11.0±1.5) mm vs. (10.0±0.5) mm, P=0.003) was both significantly higher in the athlete group than in the control group. For the athlete group, the indicators of left ventricular volume measured by ECHO (left ventricular end diastolic volume (LVEDV), left ventricular end diastolic volume index (LVEDVI), left ventricular end systolic volume, left ventricular end systolic volume index) and IVS thickness were significantly lower than those measured by CMR (all P<0.05). Left ventricular ejection fraction ((67.0±3.8)% vs. (59.0±3.9)%, P<0.001) and left ventricular global longitudinal strain ((19.3±2.9)% vs. (11.2±1.2)%, P<0.001) values measured by ECHO were significantly higher than those measured by CMR. There was no significant difference in the proportion of subjects with the left ventricular end diastolic diameter, LVEDV and LVEDVI above the upper limit of normal as measured by ECHOs and CMR (all P>0.05). IVS values measured by ECHO were all within the normal range, and CMR showed that 9 (9/14) weightlifter athletes had IVS>11 mm with a maximum thickness of 13.8 mm, which occurred in the inferoseptum. Conclusion: Weightlifter sport could result in thickening of the left ventricular inferoseptum, and CMR is superior to ECHO in detecting the thickening of the left ventricular wall, which serves as a helpful tool for sports medicine supervision.

Adolescent , Adult , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Athletes , Case-Control Studies , China , Echocardiography , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left , Ventricular Septum
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 379-384, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880670


OBJECTIVES@#To compare the left ventricular systolic function between the 1eft bundle branch pacing (LBBP) and right ventricular septum pacing (RVSP) in patients with pacemaker dependence by three-dimensional speckle tracking imaging (3D-STI).@*METHODS@#A total of 65 patients with atrioventricular block (AVB) (Mobitz type II second-degree AVB, high-degree AVB, or third-degree AVB), who underwent permanent cardiac pacing implantation including 32 patients receiving LBBP (LBBP group) and 33 patients receiving RVSP (RVSP group) from June 2018 to June 2019,were enrolled in this study. These patients met the following inclusion criterion: pre-operative left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF)>50% and ventricular pacing rate>40% at 6-month programming follow-up; and the patients underwent echocardiography at pre-operation and 6 months after operation. The 3D-STI was used to obtain global longitudinal strain (GLS), global circumferential strain (GCS), global radial strain (GRS), and global area strain (GAS).@*RESULTS@#All the patients in the LBBP group and the RVSP group had normal LVEF, there was no significant difference between the 2 group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#For patients with pacemaker dependence and normal LVEF at pre-operation, the cardiac function in the LBBP group is not significantly better than that in the RVSP group in short term follow-up. But in terms of physiologic pacing and long-term cardiac function protection, the 1eft bundle branch pacing is an optimal pacing mode.

Humans , Bundle of His , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial , Pacemaker, Artificial , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left , Ventricular Septum/diagnostic imaging
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254149


Tumores cardíacos primários consistem em patologia rara, sendo encontrados em até 0,03% das autópsias e a maioria benigna. Dentre os benignos, os lipomas apresentam incidência de 8,5%, localizando-se mais frequentemente no septo interatrial. Quando localizado no septo interventricular, é considerado patologia ainda mais incomum, com prevalência real desconhecida. Na maioria dos casos, o diagnóstico ocorre de forma incidental, por exame de imagem cardiovascular, e pode ser confirmado por exame histopatológico. Apresentam-se mais comumente de forma assintomática ou com sintomas inespecíficos, mas podem evoluir com arritmias, disfunção valvar, insuficiência cardíaca e óbito, o que ressalta a importância dos métodos de imagem cardiovascular no diagnóstico diferencial e na orientação da terapêutica adequada. O presente trabalho relata o caso de um paciente com achado ecocardiográfico incidental de massa cardíaca localizada no septo interventricular, seguindo da realização de ressonância magnética cardíaca, para melhor caracterização da lesão e demonstração de características compatíveis com lipoma.(AU)

Humans , Female , Aged , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/complications , Ventricular Septum/pathology , Heart Ventricles/pathology , Lipoma/etiology , Lipoma/diagnostic imaging , X-Rays , Biopsy/methods , Echocardiography/methods , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Comorbidity , Electrocardiography
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(1): 113-116, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092459


Abstract A 30-month-old male patient with transposition of the great arteries with intact ventricular septum (TGA/IVS) is presented. Arterial switch operation (ASO) was performed in the light of echocardiographic and angiographic findings. The patient remained under extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support for seven days postoperatively, and his cardiac functions returned to normal at the postoperative 10th day. He was discharged at the postoperative 20th day. The present case, which presents one of the most advanced ages at operation for TGA/IVS among previously reported cases, is used to discuss late ASO in this study.

Male , Child, Preschool , Transposition of Great Vessels , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Ventricular Septum/surgery , Arterial Switch Operation , Treatment Outcome
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(2): 235-238, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101487


Abstract The cardiac involvement of hydatid cyst, which is rarely seen, with the location of asymptomatic huge cyst in the interventricular septum (IVS) is an extraordinary condition. We report an isolated cardiac hydatid cyst located in the IVS in an 18-year-old man diagnosed incidentally by transthoracic echocardiography. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging confirmed a mass lesion of 47×74 mm in diameter located at the base of IVS. The cystic content and its germinative membrane were resected and the cavity was applicated under cardiopulmonary bypass. Postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was discharged on the 6th postoperative day, with oral albendazole therapy.

Humans , Male , Adolescent , Echinococcosis , Ventricular Septum , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Echocardiography , Albendazole
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 25(6): 405-405, nov.-dic. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1058368


Abstract In the era of primary percutaneous coronary intervention, mechanical complications after acute myocardial infarction are extremely rare, with an incidence of less than 0.5%. Rupture of the ventricular septum is the least frequent occurrence. Despite early surgical repair, mortality still remains high. Patients who are at high risk of perioperative death include those with cardiogenic shock and multiorgan dysfunction. In this group, a mechanical circulatory support such as an Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation circuit could be used as bridge to surgical repair is feasible or heart transplantation, as it provides hemodynamic stability and the potential to correct multiorgan dysfunction. We reported a case pf ECMO device implantation as a bridge to heart transplantation in a patient with post infarction ventricular septal rupture. Unfortunately, while on the waiting list for heart transplantation with maximum priority the patient had massive diffuse alveolar hemorrhage secondary to the anticoagulation required by the equipment and died.

Resumen En la era de la intervención coronaria percutánea primaria, las complicaciones mecánicas tras un infarto de miocardio agudo son extremadamente infrecuentes, con una incidencia de menos del 0,5%. La ruptura del septum ventricular es el caso menos frecuente. A pesar de la reparación quirúrgica, la mortalidad sigue siendo elevada. Los pacientes con alto riesgo de muerte perioperativa incluyen a aquellos con shock cardiógeno y síndrome de disfunción multiorgánica. En este grupo, podría utilizarse soporte circulatorio mecánico, tal como el circuito de oxigenación por membrana extracorpórea, como puente hacia la reparación quirúrgica o trasplante cardiaco, ya que aporta estabilidad dinámica y la posibilidad de corregir el síndrome de disfunción multiorgánica. Se reporta un caso de implantación de dispositivo de membrana extracorpórea, como puente al trasplante cardiaco, en un paciente con ruptura del septum ventricular tras infarto. Lamentablemente, a pesar de estar en lista de espera con prioridad máxima, sufrió una hemorragia alveolar difusa masiva, secundaria a la anticoagulación requerida por el equipo, y falleció.

Humans , Male , Aged , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Ventricular Septum , Cardiology , Myocardial Infarction
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 111(5): 656-663, Nov. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973786


Abstract Background: Majority of the incidentally discovered adrenal masses, called adrenal incidentaloma (AI), are nonfunctioning adrenal adenomas. The appropriate management of AI is still a matter debate, so it is necessary to investigate their associated morbidity. However, data regarding morphological and functional cardiac alterations are limited in this group. Objective: In this study, we aimed to assess cardiac structural and functional characteristics and atrial conduction properties in patients with nonfunctioning AI. Methods: Thirty patients with nonfunctioning AI and 46 properly matched control subjects were included in the study. After hormonal and biochemical analysis, all participants underwent transthoracic echocardiography to obtain systolic and diastolic parameters of both ventricles, in addition to atrial conduction times by tissue Doppler echocardiography. Data were analyzed with Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS, Chicago, IL, United States) statistics, version 17.0 for Windows. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Left ventricular (LV) mass index and LV myocardial performance index were significantly increased in AI group. Among atrial conduction times, both intra- and interatrial electromechanical delays were significantly prolonged in patients with nonfunctioning AI. Other laboratory and echocardiographic findings were similar between groups. Conclusion: Our study revealed that intra- and inter-atrial conduction times were prolonged, and LV mass index was increased in patients with nonfunctioning AI. These findings may be markers of subclinical cardiac involvement and tendency to cardiovascular complications. Close follow-up is necessary for individuals with nonfunctioning AI for their increased cardiovascular risk.

Resumo Fundamento: A maioria das massas adrenais descobertas incidentalmente, denominadas incidentaloma adrenal (IA), são adenomas adrenais não funcionantes. O manejo adequado da IA ainda é um tema de debate, e por isso é necessário investigar suas morbidades associadas. Entretanto, dados referentes a alterações cardíacas morfológicas e funcionais são limitados nesse grupo. Objetivo: Neste estudo, objetivamos avaliar as características estruturais e funcionais cardíacas e as propriedades de condução atrial em pacientes com IA não funcionante. Métodos: Trinta pacientes com IA não funcionante e 46 controles adequadamente pareados foram incluídos no estudo. Após análise hormonal e bioquímica, todos os participantes foram submetidos a ecocardiograma transtorácico para obtenção de parâmetros sistólicos e diastólicos de ambos os ventrículos, além dos tempos de condução atrial pelo ecocardiograma com Doppler tecidual. Os dados foram analisados com o Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS, Chicago, IL, Estados Unidos), versão 17.0 para Windows. P < 0,05 foi considerado estatisticamente significativo. Resultados: O índice de massa do ventrículo esquerdo (VE) e o índice de desempenho miocárdico do VE foram significativamente aumentados no grupo IA. Entre os tempos de condução atrial, os atrasos eletromecânicos intra- e interatriais foram significativamente prolongados em pacientes com IA não funcionante. Outros achados laboratoriais e ecocardiográficos foram semelhantes entre os grupos. Conclusão: Nosso estudo revelou que os tempos de condução intra- e interatrial estavam prolongados e o índice de massa do VE estava aumentado em pacientes com IA não funcionante. Esses achados podem ser marcadores de envolvimento cardíaco subclínico e de tendência a complicações cardiovasculares. Um acompanhamento rigoroso é necessário para indivíduos com IA não funcionante, devido ao aumento do risco cardiovascular.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Echocardiography, Doppler/methods , Adenoma/complications , Adrenal Gland Neoplasms/complications , Cardiac Conduction System Disease/complications , Hydrocortisone/blood , Echocardiography/methods , Cross-Sectional Studies , Atrial Function , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular/diagnostic imaging , Adrenocorticotropic Hormone/blood , Incidental Findings , Ventricular Septum/physiopathology , Ventricular Septum/diagnostic imaging , Cardiac Conduction System Disease/physiopathology , Cardiac Conduction System Disease/diagnostic imaging
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 88(3): 212-218, jul.-sep. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088752


Resumen Objetivos: Las vías accesorias (VAc) fascículo-ventriculares (FV) tienen una localización anatómica similar a las VAcanteroseptales derechas (ASD) y comparten características electrocardiográficas. El objetivo es comparar características electrocardiográficas de las VAC FV con las de las ASD en pediatría. Métodos: Se incluyeron pacientes con preexcitación manifiesta sometidos a estudio electrofisiológico. Las VAc FV se definieron por un intervalo HV ≤ 32ms y un alargamiento del AH sin modificación del HV, del grado o patrón de preexcitación ventricular durante la estimulación auricular. Tres observadores independientes y ciegos analizaron los ECG en cada grupo. Resultados: De 288 pacientes, 15 (5.2%) presentaban VAC FV y 14 VAC ASD (4.9%). El intervalo PR fue más largo en las VAc FV que en las ASD (113 ± 21 vs. 86 ± 13 ms respectivamente; p = < 0.001) y la duración del QRS fue menor (95 ± 12 vs. 137 ± 24 ms respectivamente; p = < 0.001). El ECG de las VAc FV presentó una deflexión rápida de baja amplitud previa al inicio del QRS en 13 de 15 pacientes (87%) y en 2 con VAc AV ASD (14%); (p = 0.003). Conclusiones: El intervalo PR fue más largo y el complejo QRS más angosto en la VAC FV respecto de las ASD. La presencia de una deflexión rápida de baja amplitud previa al inicio del QRS permitiría diferenciarlas de las aurículo-ventriculares ASD de manera no invasiva.

Abstract Objectives: Fasciculo-ventricular (FV) accessory pathways (AP's) and right anteroseptal (RAS) AP's share similar anatomic locations and electrocardiographic characteristics. The objective of this article is to compare these features in children. Methods: All patients with manifest pre-excitation who underwent an electrophysiological study were included. Fasciculo-ventricular AP's were defined by the presence of an HV inter- val ≤ 32 ms and a prolongation of the AH without changes in the HV interval, or the level of pre-excitation during atrial pacing. Three independent and blind observers analysed the ECG's in both groups. Results: Out of 288 patients, 15 (5.2%) had FV AP's and 14 (4.9%) right AS AP's. The PR interval was longer in FV AP's than in RAS (113 ± 21 vs 86 ± 13 ms respectively; P < .001) and the QRS was narrower (95 ± 12 vs 137 ± 24 ms respectively; P < .001). The ECG in patients with FV AP's showed a rapid low amplitude deflection at the begining of the QRS in 13 out of 15 patients (87%) and in 2 (14%) the RAS AP group (P = .003). Conclusions: The PR interval was longer and the QRS complex was narrower in patients with FV AP's. The presence of a rapid low amplitude deflection at the beginning of the QRS complex would allow to differentiate them from RAS AP's non-invasively.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome/diagnosis , Electrocardiography/methods , Ventricular Septum/physiopathology , Accessory Atrioventricular Bundle/diagnosis , Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome/physiopathology , Retrospective Studies , Electrophysiologic Techniques, Cardiac , Accessory Atrioventricular Bundle/physiopathology
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 31(3)jul.-set. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-909414


Fundamento: A hipertensão pulmonar é potencialmente fatal, com grande impacto na qualidade de vida do paciente. O tratamento pode alterar sua progressão, mas o aumento na sobrevida é relacionado ao diagnóstico e à terapêutica precoces. Objetivo: Analisar a relação entre alterações em exames usados de rotina (ecocardiografia, eletrocardiografia e tomografia computadorizada) e o aumento da pressão sistólica da artéria pulmonar. Métodos: Avaliamos fichas de pacientes portadores de hipertensão pulmonar, separando-os em dois grupos de acordo com a pressão sistólica da artéria pulmonar estimada à ecocardiografia. O Grupo 1 consistiu de pacientes com pressão sistólica da artéria pulmonar entre 35 e 65 mmHg, e o Grupo 2, de pacientes com pressão sistólica da artéria pulmonar > 65 mHg. Analisamos a prevalência de alterações sugestivas de hipertensão pulmonar em exames de ecocardiografia, eletrocardiografia e tomografia computadorizada. Foram realizadas análises descritiva dos dados e comparativa entre os grupos.Resultados: Foram analisados 101 pacientes (43 do Grupo 1 e 58 do Grupo 2). A maioria foram mulheres (82). Valores maiores de pressão sistólica da artéria pulmonar foram correlacionados com dilatação de câmaras direitas à ecocardiografia (p < 0,001). À eletrocardiografia, sinais de hipertrofia direita e presença de padrão strain ventricular foram mais prevalentes no Grupo 2 (p < 0,05). À tomografia computadorizada, observaram-se maiores diâmetros de tronco da artéria pulmonar em pacientes do Grupo 2 (p < 0,05). Houve correlação entre progressão clínica da doença pelo escore e aumento da pressão sistólica da artéria pulmonar (p < 0,05).Conclusão: É possível, em um primeiro momento, fazer uso do exame clínico e da eletrocardiografia para uma estimativa da gravidade do quadro de hipertensão pulmonar. Os achados, então, devem ser confirmados com análise secundária por tomografia computadorizada e ecocardiografia

Introduction: Pulmonary hypertension is potentially fatal and courses with important day-to-day limitation. While the treatment is capable of slowing the disease's progression, increase in life expectancy is directly linked to early diagnosis and treatment. Objectives:To analyze the relation between alterations detectable on routine exams performed on pulmonary hypertension patients (echocardiography, electrocardiography and computerized tomography) and increases on pulmonary artery systolic pressure. Methods: We analyzed the recordings of patients presented with pulmonary hypertension, and separated them in two groups based on their echocardiography-estimated pulmonary artery systolic pressure. Group 1 was composed of patients with pulmonary artery systolic pressure between 35 mmHg and 65 mmHg, and Group 2 of patients with pulmonary artery systolic pressure > 65 mmHg. We analyzed the prevalence of alterations suggestive of pulmonary hypertension on echocardiography, electrocardiography and computerized tomography. A descriptive analysis of the findings was conducted, followed by comparative analysis between the groups. Results: We analyzed 101 patients (43 from Group 1 and 58 from Group 2). Most were women (82). Higher pulmonary artery systolic pressure values were correlated with right-heart dilation on echocardiography (p < 0.001). Electrocardiography findings revealed that right-heart hypertrophy and ventricular strain pattern were more common on Group 2 (p < 0.05). Computerized tomography analysis showed Group 2 patients had superior pulmonary artery diameters (p < 0.05). There was correlation between high pulmonary artery systolic pressure and clinical progression of the disease measured via the NYHA score (p < 0.05). Conclusion: It is possible to make use of clinical examination and a simple electrocardiography to stratify the severity of a pulmonary artery patient. Computerized tomography and echocardiography should be used to confirm these findings

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Echocardiography/methods , Electrocardiography/methods , Hypertension, Pulmonary/diagnosis , Medical Examination/methods , Blood Pressure , Diagnostic Imaging/methods , Heart Ventricles , Prevalence , Pulmonary Artery , Retrospective Studies , Sex Factors , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Stroke Volume , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Ventricular Septum
RELAMPA, Rev. Lat.-Am. Marcapasso Arritm ; 31(1): 8-12, jan.-mar. 2018. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-905668


diagnóstico concomitante de bloqueio de ramo esquerdo e bloqueio divisional ântero-superior esquerdo é motivo de controvérsias entre cardiologistas, principalmente quando há desvio do eixo vetorcardiográfico do coração para a esquerda. Em uma breve revisão da literatura, descrevemos a anatomia do feixe de His e sua natureza trifascicular, apresentamos a teoria tetrafascicular de Medrano e relembramos os critérios diagnósticos dessas duas entidades eletrocardiográficas. Concluímos que o bloqueio concomitante pode ser encontrado em casos de bloqueios pós-divisionais bifasciculares com maior acometimento do bloqueio divisional ântero-superior. Por outro lado, o cardiologista precisa ter em mente que existem outras causas de desvio do eixo para a esquerda em vigência de bloqueio de ramo esquerdo, entre elas: bloqueio de ramo esquerdo com infarto inferior, bloqueio de ramo esquerdo com infarto agudo do miocárdio ântero-septal e lateral, e vias acessórias atípicas

The concomitant diagnosis of left bundle branch block and anterosuperior hemi-block is controversial among cardiologists, especially when there is left vectorcardiographic axis deviation. In a brief literature review, we describe His bundle's anatomy and its trifascicular nature, we present Medrano's quadrifascicular theory and revise the diagnostic criteria of these two electrocardiographic entities. We conclude that concomitant block might be found in cases of post-divisional bifascicular blocks with greater involvement of the anterosuperior hemiblock. On the other hand, the cardiologist must keep in mind that there are other causes of left axis deviation in the presence of left bundle branch block, such as: inferior infarction, anterior-septal and lateral infarction, and atypical bypass tracts

Humans , Bundle-Branch Block , Electrocardiography/methods , Vectorcardiography/methods , Atrioventricular Node , Bundle of His/anatomy & histology , Heart , Heart Ventricles , Ventricular Septum
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 397-402, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772428


BACKGROUND@#To study the characteristics of ventricular function in Pulmonary Hypertension (PH) Patients with different shape of Interventricular Septum (IVS) by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR).@*METHODS@#36 PH patients diagnosed by right heart catheterization accepted CMR. According to the morphology of IVS, the patients were divided into two groups: the non-deformation group (10 patients) and the deformation group (26 patients). The ventricular function parameters were as follows: RV and LV end-diastolic volume index (EDVI), end-systolic volume index (ESVI), stroke volume index (SVI), cardiac index (CI), ejection fraction (EF), and myocardial mass index (MMI).@*RESULTS@#ANOVA analysis showed that the differences of RVEDVI, RVESVI, RVSVI, RVCI, RVEF, RVMMI, LVEDVI, LVESVI, LVSVI and LVCI were significant among the three groups. Compared with control group, RVSVI (P=0.017), RVEF (P<0.001), LVEDVI (P=0.048) and LVSVI (P=0.015) decreased in IVS non-deformation group. Compared with IVS non-deformation group, RVEDVI (P<0.001), RVESVI (P<0.001), RVCI (P=0.002) and RVMMI (P=0.017) were increased in IVS deformation group; while RVEF (P=0.001), LVEDVI (P=0.003), LVSVI (P<0.001) and LVCI (P=0.029) were decreased. Compared with the control group, RVEDVI (P<0.001), RVESVI (P<0.001), RVCI (P=0.004) and RVMMI (P=0.003) were increased in the IVS deformation group, while RVEF (P<0.001), LVEDVI (P<0.001), LVESVI (P<0.001), LVSVI (P<0.001), LVCI (P<0.001) were decreased.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Ventricular function is different in PH Patients with different IVS shape. The IVS shape can represent the changes of ventricular function in PH patients.

Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Heart , Diagnostic Imaging , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Lung Neoplasms , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function , Ventricular Septum , Diagnostic Imaging