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1.
Fisioter. Bras ; 22(2): 196-204, Maio 25, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284157

ABSTRACT

A dismenorreia primária é uma dor na região inferior do abdômen, antes ou durante a menstruação e independente de patologias pélvicas. Tratamentos fisioterapêuticos são alternativas para a melhora dos sintomas, dentre esses recursos, a estimulação elétrica nervosa transcutânea (TENS). O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar o efeito terapêutico e analgésico da TENS interativa e convencional na dor secundária à dismenorreia primária. A aplicação da TENS, em ambos os grupos, foi realizada no primeiro dia do período menstrual por 35 minutos. Na TENS interativa todas as voluntárias optaram pelos seguintes parâmetros: frequência de 250 Hz, duração de pulso de 25 µs e intensidade conforme nível sensorial, sendo essa ou a duração do pulso reajustado, a cada 5 minutos, conforme houvesse necessidade. Na TENS convencional foi utilizado os seguintes parâmetros: frequência de 100 Hz, duração de pulso de 50 µs e com a intensidade conforme grupo anterior. A análise estatística foi realizada por meio do software GraphPadPrism®, versão 5.0, sendo empregado o teste t de Student e com nível de significância de p < 0,05. Obteve-se como resultado uma redução da dor entre as participantes de ambos os grupos logo após o tratamento. Porém não houve diferença na analgesia promovida pelos dois métodos de tratamento. (AU)


Primary dysmenorrhea (PD) is a lower region of the abdomen pain, before or during menstruation and independent of pathologies. Physical therapy treatments are alternatives to improve symptoms, among these resources, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS). The aim of this study was to compare the therapeutic and analytical effect of interactive and conventional TENS in high school in PD. The application of TENS, in both groups, was performed on the first day of the menstrual period for 35 minutes. In the interactive TENS all the volunteers chose the following parameters: frequency of 250 Hz, pulse duration of 25 µs and intensity according to sensory level, whether this or the duration of the readjustment of the pulse, every 5 minutes, according to the need for use. In conventional TENS, the following parameters were used: frequency of 100 Hz, pulse duration of 50 µs and intensity according to the previous group. A statistical analysis was performed using the GraphPadPrism® software, version 5.0, being employed Student's test with a significance level of p < 0.05. The result is a reduction in pain among participants in both groups right after treatment. However, there was no difference in the analgesia promoted by the two treatment methods. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation , Dysmenorrhea , Physical Therapy Modalities , Visual Analog Scale
2.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(5): 331-338, oct. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1292091

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La obstrucción nasal (ON) es el síntoma más molesto de la rinitis crónica (RC). Los estudios que correlacionaron métodos subjetivos y objetivos de ON realizados en niños y adultos produjeron resultados contradictorios. Objetivos. Analizar la correlación entre escalas subjetivas de ON con determinaciones de pico flujo inspiratorio nasal (PFIN) y comparar la valoración subjetiva de la ON y el PFIN en niños según su edad. Población y métodos. Participaron pacientes con RC. Se estimó la correlación entre la evaluación subjetiva de la ON mediante una escala visual análoga (ON-EVA, por su sigla en inglés) y la Escala de evaluación de los síntomas de obstrucción nasal (NOSE, por su sigla en inglés) y medición del flujo aéreo nasal pre- y posvasoconstrictor, mediante PFIN. Se analizaron las diferencias entre los grupos de 8 a 11 años y los de 12 a 15 años para la valoración subjetiva de la ON y PFIN. Resultados. Se incluyeron 79 pacientes entre 8 y 15 años. No se comprobó correlación entre ON-EVA y PFIN antes y después del vasoconstrictor (r = -0,19; p = 0,11 y r = -0,18; p = 0,15 respectivamente) ni entre NOSE y PFIN basal (r = -0,23; p = 0,07). Hubo diferencias en el PFIN entre niños de 8-11 años y 12 a 15 años (p = <0,0001), pero no se demostraron diferencias en la percepción subjetiva por ON-EVA (p = 0,7591). Conclusión. No se demostró correlación entre puntajes subjetivos de ON y PFIN en niños y adolescentes con RC. Los niños mayores perciben menos la ON que los de menor edad. Las escalas subjetivas de ON no reemplazan su medición con PFIN en pacientes con rinitis.


Introduction. Nasal obstruction (NO) is the most irritating symptom of chronic rhinitis (CR). The results of studies that correlated subjective and objective methods of NO in children and adults were contradictory. Objectives. To analyze the correlation between subjective NO scales and peak nasal inspiratory flow (PNIF) measurements and compare the subjective NO assessment and PNIF in children by age. Population and methods. Participants were patients with CR. The correlation between the subjective NO assessment using a visual analog scale (NO-VAS) and the Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) and nasal airflow measurement pre- and post-vasoconstrictor administration using the PNIF was estimated. The differences in the subjective NO assessment and PNIF between children aged 8-11 years and 12-15 years were analyzed. Results. A total of 79 patients aged 8-15 years were included. No correlation was established between the NO-VAS and the PNIF before and after vasoconstrictor administration (r = -0.19; p = 0.11 and r = -0.18; p = 0.15 respectively) or between the NOSE and the baseline PNIF (r = -0.23; p = 0.07). Differences were observed in the PNIF between children aged 8-11 years and 12-15 years (p = < 0.0001), but there were no differences in the subjective perception assessed with the NO-VAS (p = 0.7591). Conclusion. No correlation was demonstrated between the subjective NO score and the PNIF in children and adolescents with CR. Older children have a lower perception of NO than younger ones. Subjective NO scales cannot replace the PNIF measurement in patients with rhinitis


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Nasal Obstruction/diagnosis , Nasal Obstruction/etiology , Respiratory Function Tests , Rhinitis/diagnosis , Prospective Studies , Visual Analog Scale
3.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 26(1): e211928, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1154061

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To study the influence of black space between the maxillary central incisors on the aesthetic visual perception of the face, via eye-tracking and visual analogue scale (VAS). Methods: Black space between the central incisors was created, for both sexes, as follows: control, 1-mm black space, 2-mm black space and 3-mm black space. Ninety raters participated in this study, divided into three groups: 30 laypeople, 30 nonorthodontists, and 30 orthodontists. After the visual calibration of each observer, eight photographs were presented in the Ogama® software concomitant with the use of the hardware The Eye Tribe®. Ogama generated information depending on the eye-tracking of each rater, regarding the time until the first fixation, time of fixation, heatmap, scanpath, and total time of fixation, to evaluate the areas deemed to be of interest according to the raters. Later on, the VAS was used, where each rater evaluated the images in an album on a scale of zero to 10 points. Results: The eyes and mouth were the areas more often noticed by the raters according to the heatmaps, while no significant difference was observed in time until the first fixation between the three groups of raters (p> 0.05). However, regarding the time of fixation on the mouth, a significant difference was observed (p< 0.05) when comparing the three groups. Conclusion: Black space has a negative effect on the aesthetic perception of the face. The amount of attention on the mouth is correspondent to the size of the black space.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a percepção visual e estética do espaço negro entre os incisivos centrais superiores, via rastreamento do olhar e escala visual analógica (EVA). Métodos: Manipulou-se o espaço negro entre os incisivos centrais superiores, para ambos os sexos, da seguinte forma: imagem controle, espaço negro de 1 mm, espaço negro de 2 mm e espaço negro de 3 mm. Participaram desse estudo noventa avaliadores, divididos em três grupos: 30 leigos, 30 cirurgiões-dentistas e 30 ortodontistas. Após a calibração visual de cada observador, foram projetadas oito fotografias no software OGAMA® em conjunto com o hardware The Eye Tribe®. O OGAMA gerou informações do rastreamento do olhar de cada avaliador com relação ao tempo até a primeira fixação, mapa de calor, trajetória do olhar e tempo total de fixação para avaliar as áreas consideradas de interesse, de acordo com os avaliadores. Posteriormente, utilizou-se a EVA para avaliar as imagens a partir de um álbum, em uma escala de 0 a 10 pontos. Resultados: Os olhos e a boca foram as áreas com maior fixação pelos avaliadores, de acordo com os mapas de calor. Os resultados estatísticos não apresentaram diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os três grupos de avaliadores (p> 0,05), quanto ao tempo até a primeira fixação. Porém, em relação ao tempo de fixação na boca, observou-se diferença estatisticamente significativa (p< 0,05) na comparação dos três grupos. Conclusão: O espaço negro apresentou um efeito negativo na percepção estética da face. O aumento de fixação na boca correspondeu ao aumento do tamanho do espaço negro.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , African Americans , Esthetics, Dental , Eye-Tracking Technology , Incisor , Smiling , Visual Analog Scale , Incisor/anatomy & histology , Incisor/diagnostic imaging
4.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(11): 1503-1508, Nov. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143639

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: To characterize the effects of nasal aspiration with Proetz® in peak nasal inspiratory flow (PNIF) in pediatric sinusitis (PS) patients with nasal obstruction. METHODS: This is a non-randomized descriptive-analytical clinical trial with a quantitative approach. The sample comprised 30 children. Initially, the PNIF was measured and the Visual Analogical Scale (VAS) was used for nasal obstruction, followed by the nasal aspiration procedure. The SNOT-22 questionnaire was applied to the legal guardian of each child, and one week later, it was reapplied for the sake of follow-up. RESULTS: 16 (53.3%) patients were females and 14 (46.7%) were males, with an average age of 6.4±1.8 years (between 4 and 10 years of age). Analyses of the VAS for obstruction before the intervention revealed that 10 of the participants (33.3%) presented moderate levels, and 20 of them (66.7%) severe levels. However, after the Proetz® method was applied, all the samples (n=30) had mild levels. The PNIF significantly increased after the technique was used, with an improvement of 23.4% in mean values. There was no significant correlation between the VAS and the PNIF. CONCLUSION: Nasal aspiration with the Proetz® method significantly improved the clinical condition of sinusitis patients with nasal obstruction according to the visual analogical scale, the PNIF, and the SNOT-22 questionnaire. No correlation between the VAS and the PNIF could be found. The study confirms the importance of non-pharmacological interventions in the treatment of sinusitis in children, thus resulting in an improvement in their quality of life.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Caracterizar os efeitos da aspiração nasal com Proetz® no pico do fluxo inspiratório nasal (Pnif) em pacientes com sinusite pediátrica (SP) com obstrução nasal. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um ensaio clínico analítico descritivo, não randomizado, com abordagem quantitativa. A amostra foi composta por 30 crianças. Inicialmente, o Pnif foi medido e a escala visual analógica (EVA) foi utilizada para obstrução nasal, seguida do procedimento de aspiração nasal. O questionário Snot-22 foi aplicado ao responsável legal de cada criança e, uma semana depois, foi reaplicado para fins de acompanhamento. RESULTADOS: Dezesseis (53,3%) pacientes eram do sexo feminino e 14 (46,7%) do sexo masculino, com idade média de 6,4±1,8 anos (entre 4 e 10 anos). A análise da EVA para obstrução antes da intervenção revelou que dez dos participantes (33,3%) apresentaram níveis moderados e 20 deles (66,7%), níveis graves. No entanto, após a aplicação do método Proetz®, todas as amostras (n=30) apresentaram níveis leves. O Pnif aumentou significativamente após a utilização da técnica, com uma melhoria de 23,4% nos valores médios. Não houve correlação significativa entre EVA e Pnif. CONCLUSÃO: A aspiração nasal com o método Proetz® melhorou significativamente o quadro clínico de pacientes com sinusite com obstrução nasal, de acordo com a escala visual analógica, o Pnif e o questionário Snot-22. Não foi encontrada correlação entre EVA e Pnif. O estudo confirma a importância de intervenções não farmacológicas no tratamento da sinusite em crianças, resultando em melhoria na sua qualidade de vida.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Sinusitis/therapy , Quality of Life , Nasal Obstruction , Surveys and Questionnaires , Visual Analog Scale
5.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(5): 543-550, Sept.-Oct. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144202

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of combined zoledronic acid and alendronate therapy on bone edema and knee pain in cases of spontaneous osteonecrosis of the knee. We report our experience with this treatment. Methods A retrospective case series of 11 patients with spontaneous osteonecrosis of the knee confirmed by magnetic resonance image (MRI). The patients were treated with a single dose of 5 mg of intravenous zoledronic acid combined with 35 mg twice a week of oral alendronate, for 16 weeks. The visual analogue scale scores were noted before the beginning of the therapy, at 8 weeks, and at 16 weeks of follow-up. The size of the bone marrow edema adjacent to the lesion was measured on T2-weighted MRI coronal images at the beginning of the therapy and at 16 weeks. Results The average visual analogue scale score at 0 weeks was of 7.72, and of 0.81 at 16 weeks of therapy; the difference was statistically significant (p= 0.03). The mean bone marrow involvement at 0 weeks was of 80%, which reduced to 11.81% at 16 weeks of therapy. This change was statistically significant (p= 0.03). Conclusion Our data shows that the combination therapy causes early pain relief and reduction of the bone edema, and it is safe, effective and well-tolerated for a painful disease entity like spontaneous osteonecrosis of the knee.


Resumo Objetivo Determinar o efeito do tratamento combinado de ácido zoledrônico e alendronato no edema ósseo e na dor no joelho em casos de osteonecrose espontânea do joelho. A experiência dos autores com este tratamento é relatada. Métodos Série de casos retrospectiva, incluindo 11 pacientes com osteonecrose espontânea do joelho confirmada por ressonância magnética. Os pacientes foram tratados com uma dose intravenosa única de 5 mg de ácido zoledrônico combinada com 35 mg de alendronato oral, 2 vezes por semana, por 16 semanas. Os escores da escala visual analógica foram aferidos antes do começo do tratamento, em 8 semanas e em 16 semanas de acompanhamento. O tamanho do edema da medula óssea adjacente à lesão foi medido em imagens de ressonância magnética coronal ponderadas em T2 no início do tratamento e em 16 semanas. Resultados O escore médio da escala visual analógica em 0 semanas foi de 7,72, contra 0,81 em 16 semanas de tratamento, uma diferença estatisticamente significativa (p= 0,03). O envolvimento médio da medula óssea em 0 semanas foi de 80%, e foi reduzido para 11,81% em 16 semanas de tratamento, uma diferença também estatisticamente significativa (p= 0,03). Conclusão Os dados mostram que a terapia combinada proporciona alívio da dor inicial e redução do edema ósseo, sendo segura, eficaz e bem tolerada em uma enfermidade dolorosa como a osteonecrose espontânea do joelho.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis , Pain , Bone and Bones , Bone Marrow , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Combined Modality Therapy , Alendronate , Diphosphonates , Dosage , Visual Analog Scale , Zoledronic Acid , Knee Joint , Necrosis
6.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 28(1): 78-91, jan.-mar., 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1102548

ABSTRACT

O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar o efeito da suplementação de arginina (ARG) sobre marcadores indiretos do dano muscular induzido pelo exercício (DMIE). Participaram do estudo 24 jovens universitários do sexo masculino, com experiência mínima de 1 ano em treinamento de força. Os indivíduos foram alocados em 2 grupos, em seguindo delineamento experimental duplo -cego: suplementado com 7g de arginina (ARG, n=12) ou suplementado com 7g de placebo (PLA, n =12 ). O suplemento foi oferecido 30 min antes da realização do protocolo de 10 séries de 10 repetições máximas (RMs) realizadas no supino. Foram aferidas a circunferência torácica, a dor muscular de in ício tardio (DMIT), por meio da escala visual analógica (EVA), e a carga do teste de uma repetição máxima (1 RM) em repouso, 24h, 48h e 72h após a sessão de treinamento (ST). Os resultados foram analisados utilizando teste de análise de variância ANOVA de dois fatores), seguido pelo teste de Bonferroni. A DMIT apresentou maior magnitude no PLA, em todos momentos avaliados após a ST, em comparação ao grupo ARG (p<0,01). Foi observado maior decréscimo da produção de força no grupo PLA, em 72h após a ST , comparado ao grupo ARG (p<0,05). A suplementação aguda de ARG parece ter atenuado a magnitude da DMIT e acelerado a recuperação da força...(AU)


The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of arginine (ARG) supplementation o nindirect markers of exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD). Twenty-four male graduate students, with a minimum of one year of experience in resistance training participated in the study . T he subject s were allocated in 2 groups in a double-blind experimental design: supplemented with 7 g o f argin ine (ARG, n=12) or supplemented with 7g of placebo (PLA, n=12). The dietary supplement was co n sum e d at 3 0 minutes prior to a protocol of 10 sets of 10 maximum repetitions performed in the bench press. Measurements of thoracic circumference, delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) using visual an alo gue scale (VAS), and one-repetition maximum (1RM) at rest, 24h, 48h and 72h after the training session (TS). The data were analyzed by ANOVA-two way, followed by the Bonferroni test. DOMS presented a reater magnitude for PLA, in all moments evaluated after TS, compared to the ARG group (p<0.01). There was a greater decrease in the strength for PLA, at 72h after TS, compared to ARG (p<0 .05 ). The acute ARG supplementation seems to attenuate the magnitude of DOMS and accelerate recovery of strength...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Arginine , Exercise , Analysis of Variance , Dietary Supplements , Richter Scale , Muscle Strength , Visual Analog Scale , Muscles , Measurements, Methods and Theories
7.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 25: e2325, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131786

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Verificar benefícios do uso de próteses auditivas na autopercepção do zumbido em adultos e idosos sem experiência prévia de amplificação. Métodos O estudo incluiu indivíduos de ambos os sexos, com queixa de zumbido, acompanhados em hospital público. Aplicaram-se os seguintes exames e instrumentos para mensurar o zumbido e determinar o seu incômodo: pesquisa do pitch e loudness, Escala Visual Analógica (EVA), pesquisa do nível mínimo de mascaramento, inibição residual e Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI). As avaliações foram realizadas em duas etapas: antes da adaptação das próteses auditivas e após um mês de uso dos aparelhos. Resultados Dos 20 indivíduos participantes, 60% eram idosos. Verificou-se diferença na autopercepção do zumbido pré e pós-protetização, medido pelas escalas THI e EVA. Também se observaram diferenças nas medidas psicoacústicas, com exceção do pitch, antes e após a amplificação. Além disso, houve correlação entre o tempo de zumbido e a idade com os escores finais do THI. Conclusão O uso de próteses auditivas reduziu o incômodo provocado pelo zumbido, com alteração nas medidas psicoaústicas e no impacto na qualidade de vida.


ABSTRACT Purpose To verify the benefits of using hearing aids in self-perception of tinnitus in adults and elderly without previous experience of amplification. Methods The study included individuals of both gender, with tinnitus complaint, accompanied in public hospital. The following tests and instruments were used to measure tinnitus and determine its discomfort: pitch and loudness, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), minimum masking level, residual inhibition and Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI). The evaluations were performed in two stages: before the adaptation of the hearing aids and after one month of use of the devices. Results Of the 20 participants, 60% were elderly. There was a difference in self-perception of tinnitus before and after hearing aid fitting, as measured by THI and VAS. Differences in psychoacoustic measures were also observed, with the exception of pitch, before and after amplification. In addition, there was a correlation between tinnitus time and age with final THI scores. Conclusion The use of hearing aids was determined to reduce the annoyance caused by tinnitus, with changes in psycho-acoustic measures and impact on quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Aged , Self Concept , Tinnitus/diagnosis , Hearing Aids , Hearing Loss/rehabilitation , Pitch Perception , Quality of Life , Tinnitus/complications , Acoustic Stimulation , Visual Analog Scale , Hearing Loss/complications
8.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO5294, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090061

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To analyze and compare the expression of Toll-like receptors by regulatory T cells present in the peritoneal fluid of patients with and without endometriosis. Methods Regulatory T cells were isolated from peritoneal fluid of women with and without endometriosis, collected during surgery, and mRNA was extracted for analysis of Toll-like receptors expression by reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. Results Patients with endometriosis presented regulatory T cells expressing a larger number and variety of Toll-like receptors when compared to regulatory T cells from patients in the Control Group. Toll-like receptor-1 and Toll-like receptor-2 in regulatory T cells were expressed in both groups. All other expressed Toll-like receptors types were only found in regulatory T cells from the Endometriosis Group. Conclusion Patients with endometriosis had peritoneal regulatory T cells expressing various Toll-like receptors types.


RESUMO Objetivo Analisar e comparar a expressão de receptores do tipo Toll por células T reguladoras presentes no líquido peritoneal de pacientes com endometriose. Métodos Células T reguladoras foram isoladas do líquido peritoneal de mulheres com e sem endometriose, coletadas durante a cirurgia, e o RNAm foi extraído para análise da expressão de receptores do tipo Toll por reação em cadeia da polimerase com transcriptase reversa. Resultados Pacientes com endometriose apresentaram células T reguladoras expressando maior número e variedade de Toll por células quando comparadas com T reguladoras de pacientes do Grupo Controle. Receptores do tipo Toll-1 e receptores do tipo Toll-2 foram expressos em ambos os grupos. Todos os outros tipos de receptores Toll foram encontrados expressos apenas em células T reguladoras do grupo com endometriose. Conclusão Pacientes com endometriose apresentaram células T reguladoras peritoneais expressando vários tipos de receptores tipo Toll.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Ascitic Fluid/pathology , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/chemistry , Endometriosis/pathology , Endometrium/pathology , Toll-Like Receptors/analysis , Reference Values , Ascitic Fluid/immunology , Body Mass Index , Case-Control Studies , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/immunology , Statistics, Nonparametric , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Endometriosis/immunology , Endometrium/immunology , Visual Analog Scale
9.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO4916, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056055

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To investigate the prevalence and intensity of pain perception during diagnostic hysteroscopy in women and potential related factors. Methods A total of 489 women were investigated at an infertility clinic. Fluid diagnostic hysteroscopy was performed without analgesia or anesthesia by gynecologists with different levels of experience in operative hysteroscopy, using a 2.9mm rigid scope. The Visual Analog Scale was used to score pain intensity after vaginal speculum insertion and after hysteroscopy. Data collected included age, ethnicity, body mass index, history of infertility and endometrial surgery (curettage and/or hysteroscopy), smoking habits, and hysteroscopy diagnosis. Only the state of anxiety was assessed by the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory given to each patient before the procedure. Results Hysteroscopy median (25th to 75th) Visual Analog Scale scored 3.3 (3 to 5), and 41.7% of the women referred Visual Analog Scale score ≥4. Median (25th to 75th) State-Trait Anxiety Inventory score was 42 (38 to 45), and 58.3% of the women referred State-Trait Anxiety Inventory score >40. Hysteroscopy Visual Analog Scale score was significantly correlated to surgeon experience and to vaginal speculum insertion but not to State-Trait Anxiety Inventory score, ethnicity or abnormal hysteroscopic findings. Conclusion Diagnostic hysteroscopy was mostly perceived as a mild discomfort procedure by most women. Nevertheless, in a considerable number of cases, women perceived hysteroscopy as painful. Pain perception was linked to individual pain threshold and surgeon experience, but not to pre-procedural anxiety state levels, ethnicity or abnormal hysteroscopic findings.


RESUMO Objetivo Investigar a prevalência e a intensidade da percepção da dor durante a histeroscopia diagnóstica, bem como os possíveis fatores relacionados. Métodos Foram incluídas 489 mulheres submetidas à propedêutica de infertilidade. A histeroscopia diagnóstica foi realizada sem analgesia ou anestesia, por ginecologistas com níveis de experiência diferentes em histeroscopia, usando histeroscópio rígido de 2,9mm. A Escala Visual Analógica foi utilizada para avaliar a intensidade da dor após a inserção do espéculo vaginal e após a histeroscopia. Os dados coletados incluíram idade, etnia, índice de massa corporal, história de infertilidade e cirurgia endometrial (curetagem e/ou histeroscopia), tabagismo e histeroscopia diagnóstica. Avaliou-se apenas o estado de ansiedade pelo Inventário de Ansiedade Traço-Estado de cada paciente antes do procedimento. Resultados A mediana (25ºa 75º) de histeroscopia pela Escala Visual Analógica foi 3,3 (3 a 5), e 41,7% das mulheres obtiveram pontuação ≥4. A mediana (25ºa 75º) do Inventário de Ansiedade Traço-Estado foi 42 (38 a 45), e 58,3% das mulheres referiram pontuação >40. A pontuação da Escala Visual Analógica da histeroscopia apresentou correlação estatisticamente significante com a experiência do cirurgião e a inserção do espéculo vaginal, mas não a pontuação do Inventário de Ansiedade Traço-Estado, etnia ou achados histeroscópicos anormais. Conclusão A histeroscopia diagnóstica foi percebida pela maioria das mulheres como desconforto leve, mas um número considerável de pacientes classificou o procedimento como doloroso. A percepção da dor esteve ligada ao limiar individual e à experiência do cirurgião, mas não aos níveis de ansiedade pré-procedimento, à etnia e nem aos achados histeroscópicos anormais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Pain Measurement/statistics & numerical data , Pain Perception , Pain, Procedural/etiology , Pain, Procedural/epidemiology , Fertility Clinics , Anxiety/psychology , Polyps/surgery , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Reference Values , Uterine Diseases/surgery , Pain Measurement/psychology , Brazil/epidemiology , Body Mass Index , Hysteroscopy/adverse effects , Hysteroscopy/psychology , Prevalence , Statistics, Nonparametric , Visual Analog Scale , Pain, Procedural/psychology , Middle Aged
10.
Adv Rheumatol ; 60: 40, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130798

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: It is known that physical activity and muscular performance are reduced in fibromyalgia (FM) syndrome. This study aims to compare the performance of trunk muscles in women with FM and healthy controls and evaluate the correlation between trunk muscle strength and FM severity. Methods: Forty-six patients with FM and 42 age- and body mass index-matched healthy housewives without FM were included in the FM and control groups, respectively. The Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ) was used for the assessment of FM severity. The pain intensity was evaluated using the visual analogical scale (VAS). An isokinetic dynamometer was used to measure the isokinetic trunk muscle strength. The peak torque (PT) values were recorded. The psychological status of the patients was evaluated using the Beck Depression Inventory. Results: There was no statistically significant difference in terms of age, BMI, and BDI scores in two groups (p > 0.05, for all). The isokinetic trunk extensor PT values were significantly lower in the FM group (p = 0.002 for 60°/s, and p < 0.001 for 90°/s and 120°/s) than control group. There was a statistically significant negative correlation between FIQ score and isokinetic extensor muscle parameters. Conclusion: The results indicate that trunk extensor muscles were significantly weaker in FM patients. Trunk extensor muscle strength decreased as FM severity increased in FM patients.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Women , Fibromyalgia/physiopathology , Muscle Strength , Torso/injuries , Pain Measurement/instrumentation , Cross-Sectional Studies/instrumentation , Visual Analog Scale
11.
Adv Rheumatol ; 60: 01, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088652

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Coexisting fibromyalgia (FM) to psoriatic arthritis (PsA) has been identified and it has been associated with more severe symptoms, impaired function, and greater disability. It was aimed to explore the effect of the presence of FM on fatigue in patients with PsA comparing with controls. Methods: Fifty patients with PsA and 34 sex-age matched controls were enrolled. In patients; pain was assessed by Visual Analogue Scale, disease activity by DAS-28, enthesitis by The Leeds Enthesitis Index. Fatigue level of all participants was evaluated by Multidimensional Assessment of Fatigue. In all participants, FM was determined according to 2010 American College of Rheumatology criteria. Results: Seventeen patients with PsA (34%) and 4 controls (11.8%) were diagnosed with FM and all of them were women. There was significant difference between the patients and controls in terms of presence of FM (p < 0.05). Patients' fatigue scores were significantly higher than controls' (p = 0.001). There were significant differences between the PsA patients with and without FM with regard to gender, enthesitis, DAS-28 and pain scores (p < 0.05); fatigue scores (p < 0.001). The significant effect of the presence of FM on fatigue was found by univariate analysis of variance in patients (p < 0.001). Conclusion: It was observed that FM presence and fatigue were more common in PsA patients than controls and comorbid FM had significant effect on fatigue in these patients. Physicians should be aware of the possibility of concomitant FM in patients with PsA.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Fibromyalgia/etiology , Arthritis, Psoriatic/physiopathology , Fatigue/etiology , Visual Analog Scale
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811207

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare the pain levels during anesthesia and the efficacy of the QuickSleeper intraosseous (IO) injection system and conventional inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) in impacted mandibular third molar surgery.METHODS: This prospective randomized clinical trial included 30 patients (16 women, 14 men) with bilateral symmetrical impacted mandibular third molars. Thirty subjects randomly received either the IO injection or conventional IANB at two successive appointments. A split-mouth design was used in which each patient underwent treatment of a tooth with one of the techniques and treatment of the homologous contralateral tooth with the other technique. The subjects received 1.8 mL of 2% articaine. Subjects' demographic data, pain levels during anesthesia induction, tooth extractions, and mouth opening on postoperative first, third, and seventh days were recorded. Pain assessment ratings were recorded using the 100-mm visual analog scale. The latency and duration of the anesthetic effect, complications, and operation duration were also analyzed in this study. The duration of anesthetic effect was considered using an electric pulp test and by probing the soft tissue with an explorer.RESULTS: Thirty patients aged between 18 and 47 years (mean age, 25 years) were included in this study. The IO injection was significantly less painful with lesser soft tissue numbness and quicker onset of anesthesia and lingual mucosa anesthesia with single needle penetration than conventional IANB. Moreover, 19 out of 30 patients (63%) preferred transcortical anesthesia. Mouth opening on postoperative first day was significantly better with intraosseous injection than with conventional IANB (P = 0.013).CONCLUSION: The IO anesthetic system is a good alternative to IANB for extraction of the third molar with less pain during anesthesia induction and sufficient depth of anesthesia for the surgical procedure.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia , Anesthetics , Appointments and Schedules , Carticaine , Female , Humans , Hypesthesia , Jupiter , Mandibular Nerve , Molar, Third , Mouth , Mucous Membrane , Needles , Pain Measurement , Prospective Studies , Tooth , Tooth Extraction , Tooth, Impacted , Visual Analog Scale
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811206

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Surgical extraction of third molars is associated with postoperative pain and swelling at the extraction site. Pain is commonly managed using non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Postoperative pain is usually moderate to severe in the first 12 h postoperatively and lasts for 3–5 days. However, with NSAIDs, these symptoms usually subside within 24 h. Diclofenac sodium and etodolac are NSAIDs, more selectively cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors, with good analgesic efficacies.METHODS: We compared the safety and analgesic efficacy of diclofenac sodium with etodolac peroral after surgical extraction of third molars in a double-blind, double-dummy, parallel-group study. The subjective pain improvement and pain relief after 2, 6, 24, 48, and 72 h using the visual analogue scale were measured as the study outcome.RESULTS: Etodolac was equivalent to diclofenac sodium in pain alleviation at all postoperative time periods. No significant differences were found between diclofenac sodium and etodolac groups (P > 0.05). Both study medications were well tolerated and safe with mild adverse effects in only a few participants.CONCLUSION: Diclofenac sodium and etodolac are comparable in terms of analgesic efficacy and safety after surgical removal of third molars.


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors , Diclofenac , Etodolac , Molar, Third , Pain, Postoperative , Tooth Extraction , Visual Analog Scale
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811117

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of literature on the use of hip arthroscopy for pathologic conditions in skeletally immature patients. Thus, the indications and safety of the procedure are still unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the safety and functional outcomes of hip arthroscopy for pediatric and adolescent hip disorders. We further attempted to characterize arthroscopic findings in each disease.METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 32 children and adolescents with hip disorders who underwent 34 hip arthroscopic procedures at a tertiary care children's hospital from January 2010 to December 2016. We evaluated functional limitations and improvement after operation by using the modified Harris hip score (HHS), the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), subjective pain assessment with a visual analog scale (VAS), and range of hip motion as well as the complications of hip arthroscopy. Arthroscopic findings in each disease were recorded.RESULTS: Hip arthroscopy was performed for Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (n = 6), developmental dysplasia of the hip (n = 6), slipped capital femoral epiphysis (n = 5), idiopathic femoroacetabular impingement (n = 6), sequelae of septic arthritis of the hip (n = 3), hereditary multiple exostosis (n = 2), synovial giant cell tumor (n = 3), idiopathic chondrolysis (n = 2), and posttraumatic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (n = 1). Overall, there was a significant improvement in the modified HHS, WOMAC, VAS, and range of hip motion. Symptom improvement was not observed for more than 18 months in four patients who had dysplastic acetabulum with a labral tear (n = 2) or a recurrent femoral head bump (n = 2). There were no complications except transient perineal numbness in five patients.CONCLUSIONS: Our short-term follow-up evaluation shows that hip arthroscopy for pediatric and adolescent hip disorder is a less invasive and safe procedure. It appears to be effective in improving functional impairment caused by femoroacetabular impingement between the deformed femoral head and acetabulum or intra-articular focal problems in pediatric and adolescent hip disorders.


Subject(s)
Acetabulum , Adolescent , Arthritis, Infectious , Arthroscopy , Child , Exostoses, Multiple Hereditary , Femoracetabular Impingement , Follow-Up Studies , Giant Cell Tumors , Head , Hip , Humans , Hypesthesia , Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease , Ontario , Osteoarthritis , Osteonecrosis , Pain Measurement , Retrospective Studies , Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphyses , Tears , Tertiary Healthcare , Visual Analog Scale
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811112

ABSTRACT

Distal ulnar fractures are commonly accompanied by distal radial fractures, and several treatment options such as plate osteosynthesis and pinning with Kirschner's wires are used. In this study, we present a technique using headless compression screws to achieve bony union of distal ulnar fractures. From November 2016 to November 2018, we treated 11 patients with distal ulnar fractures combined with distal radial fractures with headless compression screws (DePuy Synthes). Patients were instructed to maintain a short-arm splint for less than two weeks after the treatment. The mean time to bony union was 6.5 weeks, mean Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand score was 14.6 points, and mean visual analog scale score was 1.09 points. Full range of motion was possible in all directions after surgery and no specific complications were observed. The suggested technique allows minimal incision and minimally invasive intramedullary fixation and can promote bony union in a simple way without specific complications.


Subject(s)
Arm , Hand , Humans , Radius , Range of Motion, Articular , Shoulder , Splints , Ulna , Visual Analog Scale , Wrist
16.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 24(6): 27e1-27e7, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056022

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Pain related to orthodontic tooth movement is common and cause dissatisfaction and discomfort. Objective: The present study aimed to compare the efficacy of naproxen patches in pain control during orthodontic tooth separation, by means of visual analogue scale (VAS) and interleukin 1β (IL-1β) levels in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF). Methods: In this split-mouth triple-blind clinical trial, with 40 patients following separation, 5% naproxen or placebo patches were randomly placed on the upper right or left first molars every 8 hours. Pain intensity scores were determined after 2 and 6 hours, sleep time, 24 hours, days 2, 3 and 7 by the patients using a 100-mm VAS ruler. IL-1β levels in GCF were evaluated by ELISA at baseline, 1 and 24 hours and 7 days. Paired samples t-tests and two-way repeated measures ANOVA analysis of variance with a significance level of 0.05 were applied. Results: A total number of 30 patients (13 males and 17 females) finished the trial. Significant differences were found in pain scores (p< 0.0001) and IL-1β levels (p= 0.047) between naproxen and placebo groups. Lower pain scores were reported for the patients using naproxen patches at all time points, except 1 hour after separation. IL-1β levels were lower for the patients using naproxen patches only 1 hour after separation (p= 0.047). The peak of pain scores and IL-1β levels were calculated at 24 hours. Conclusion: In the light of VAS scores and IL-1β levels, naproxen patches reduced the pain caused by separator placement.


RESUMO Introdução: a dor relacionada à movimentação dentária ortodôntica é comum e causa insatisfação e desconforto. Objetivo: o presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a eficácia de curativos de naproxeno no controle da dor durante a separação ortodôntica dos dentes, por meio de escalas visuais analógicas (EVA) e dos níveis de interleucina 1β (IL-1β) no fluido crevicular gengival (FCG). Métodos: neste ensaio clínico, triplo-cego, boca dividida, com 40 pacientes após a separação dos dentes, foram aplicados, de forma aleatória, curativos com naproxeno a 5% ou placebo, nos primeiros molares superiores, direito ou esquerdo, a cada 8 horas. Os escores de intensidade da dor foram registrados pelos pacientes após 2 e 6 horas, durante o sono, após 24 horas, 2, 3 e 7 dias, usando uma EVA de 100 mm. Os níveis de IL-1β no FCG foram avaliados pelo ELISA no momento inicial, e após 1 e 24 horas e 7 dias. Foram aplicados testes t para amostras pareadas e ANOVA de duas vias para medidas repetidas, com nível de significância de 0,05. Resultados: no total, 30 pacientes (13 homens e 17 mulheres) terminaram o ensaio clínico. Diferenças significativas foram encontradas nos escores de dor (p< 0,0001) e níveis de IL-1β (p= 0,047) entre os grupos naproxeno e placebo. Índices mais baixos de dor foram relatados pelos pacientes que usaram curativos de naproxeno em todos os tempos avaliados, com exceção de 1 hora após a separação. Os níveis de IL-1β foram menores nos pacientes que usaram os curativos de naproxeno apenas 1 'hora após a separação (p= 0,047). Os picos dos escores de dor e dos níveis de IL-1β foram registrados 24 horas após a separação. Conclusão: considerando-se os escores das EVAs e os níveis de IL-1β, pode-se concluir que os curativos de naproxeno reduziram a dor causada pela instalação dos separadores ortodônticos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Naproxen , Gingival Crevicular Fluid , Pain Management , Pain , Tooth Movement Techniques , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Interleukin-1beta , Visual Analog Scale
17.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(5): 611-616, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039279

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Tinnitus is a subjective auditory symptom usually associated with a sound, even in the absence of external sound sources. Its diagnosis is complex, and some of the forms of measurement alone or in combination, include self-assessment questionnaires, such as the tinnitus handicap inventory, the visual analog scale and/or pitch and loudness matching. Objective: To analyze the correlation among three tinnitus measurement methods: tinnitus handicap inventory, visual analog scale and pitch and loudness matching. Methods: The study consisted of 148 patients complaining of chronic tinnitus. An otorhinolaryngological evaluation, anamnesis directed to tinnitus, audiometry (pure tone and speech), imitanciometry, tinnitus handicap inventory, visual analog scale, and pitch and loudness matching were performed. The study was registered in the Ethics Committee of the Institution with no. 0129/12. Results: Regarding the frequency of tinnitus handicap inventory responses, a higher occurrence of the mild degree was observed. An average of 6 points was observed on the visual analog scale. The mean loudness matching in the right ear was 20 dBNS, and in the left ear was 17 dBNS. As for the type of stimulus, the most found was continuous pure tone. The frequency of the pitch sensation was 6000 Hz in the largest number of cases. Regarding the measures of tinnitus handicap inventory and the visual analogical scale, a significant correlation was observed, and as one value increases the other also increases. Pitch and loudness matching and the visual analogical scale results are also significant. Conclusion: There was a significant correlation between the values measured by the tinnitus handicap inventory, visual analogical scale (annoyance) and loudness matching in the evaluation of tinnitus. The selection of any one of the three evaluative methods for tinnitus investigation provides different dimensions of the tinnitus and complements the others.


Resumo Introdução: O zumbido é um sintoma auditivo de natureza subjetivo, normalmente associado a um som, mesmo na ausência de fontes sonoras externas. Apresenta diagnóstico complexo. Uma das formas de mensuração é o uso, isolado ou em conjunto, de questionários de autoavaliação, como o Tinnitus Handicap Inventory, a escala visual analógica e o exame de acufenometria. Objetivo: Analisar a correlação entre os métodos de mensuração do zumbido: Tinnitus Handicap Inventory, escala visual analógica e acufenometria. Método: Participaram do estudo 148 pacientes com queixa de zumbido crônico. Realizou-se avaliação otorrinolaringológica, anamnese direcionada ao zumbido, audiometria (tonal e vocal), imitanciometria, Tinnitus Handicap Inventory, escala visual analógica e acufenometria. O estudo foi registrado no comitê de ética da instituição, com nº 0129/12. Resultados: Em relação à frequência das respostas do Tinnitus Handicap Inventory, foi observada maior ocorrência do grau leve. Observou-se uma média de 6 pontos na escala visual analógica. A média da sensação de intensidade medida na acufenometria na orelha direita foi de 20 dBNS e na orelha esquerda foi de 17 dBNS. Quanto ao tipo de estímulo, o mais encontrado foi o tom puro contínuo. A sensação de frequência, no maior número de casos, foi de 6.000 Hz Entre as medidas do Tinnitus Handicap Inventory e da escala visual analógica, observou-se correlação significante. À medida que um valor aumenta o outro também aumenta. Os resultados da acufenometria e da escala visual analógica também apresentam significância. Conclusão: Houve correlação significante entre os valores medidos pelo Tinnitus Handicap Inventory, escala visual analógica (incômodo) e acufenometria (loudness) na avaliação do zumbido. A escolha de um dos três métodos avaliativos para pesquisa do zumbido fornece dimensões diferentes do zumbido e se complementam.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Tinnitus/diagnosis , Visual Analog Scale , Audiometry, Pure-Tone , Sound Localization , Tinnitus/physiopathology , Surveys and Questionnaires
18.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(5): 974-980, Sept.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040088

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Evidence indicates an increase in the prevalence of enuresis in individuals with sickle cell disease. The present study aims to evaluate the prevalence and impact of enuresis on quality of life in individuals with sickle cell disease. Materials and Methods This cross-sectional study evaluated individuals with sickle cell disease followed at a reference clinic, using a questionnaire designed to evaluate the age of complete toilet training, the presence of enuresis and lower urinary tract, and the impact on quality of life of these individuals. Results Fifty children presenting SCD (52% females, mean age ten years) were included in the study. Of those, 34% (17/50) presented as HbSC, 56% with HbSS (28/50), 2% Sα-thalassemia (1/5) and 8% the type of SCD was not determined. The prevalence of enuresis was 42% (21/50), affecting 75% of subjects at five years and about 15% of adolescents at 15 years of age. Enuresis was classified as monosymptomatic in 33.3% (7/21) and nonmonosymptomatic in 66.6% (14/21) of the cases, being primary in all subjects. Nocturia was identified in 24% (12/50), urgency in 20% (10/50) and daytime incontinence 10% (5/50) of the individuals. Enuresis had a significant impact on the quality of life of 67% of the individuals. Conclusion Enuresis was highly prevalent among children with SCD, and continues to be prevalent throughout early adulthood, being more common in males. Primary nonmonosymptomatic enuresis was the most common type, and 2/3 of the study population had a low quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Quality of Life , Enuresis/physiopathology , Enuresis/epidemiology , Anemia, Sickle Cell/physiopathology , Anemia, Sickle Cell/pathology , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Visual Analog Scale
19.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 95(5): 545-551, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040354

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To verify the effect of psychological preparation on the relief of preoperative anxiety in children and to correlate parents' and children's levels of anxiety. Method: After the approval of the institutional Research Ethics Committee and written consent of the children's parents or guardians, 118 children of both genders were prospectively selected, aged between 2 and 8 years, physical condition classification ASA I, who were treated in the pre-anesthetic evaluation ambulatory of the University Hospital and who underwent ambulatory surgeries at the same hospital. Two controlled groups of 59 children were randomized: control group basic preparation and psychological preparation group. On the day of surgery, all selected children were evaluated regarding their level of anxiety using the modified Yale Preoperative Anxiety Scale and their parents were evaluated regarding their level of anxiety through the Visual Analog Scale. The evaluator was blinded to which study group the child and family member belonged to. Results: Nine children and their family members were excluded per group when the results were analyzed. Children from the prepared group showed significant reductions in their level of anxiety in relation to the control group (p = 0.04). There was no correlation between the level of anxiety of children and their parents' levels (p = 0.78). Conclusion: The psychological preparation was effective in reducing the level of anxiety of children. However, there was no relation between the level of anxiety of children and their parents' level.


Resumo: Objetivos: Verificar o efeito da preparação psicológica no alívio da ansiedade pré-operatória de crianças e avaliar se há correlação com a ansiedade dos pais. Método: Após a aprovação do Comitê de Ética e Pesquisa da Faculdade de Medicina e obtenção do consentimento pelos responsáveis dos pacientes, foram selecionadas prospectivamente 118 crianças, de ambos os sexos, entre dois e oito anos, classificação de estado físico ASA I, atendidas no ambulatório de avaliação pré-anestésica do Hospital Universitário e submetidas a cirurgias ambulatoriais. Foram randomizados dois grupos controlados de 59 crianças: grupo de preparação básica e grupo de preparação psicológica. No dia da cirurgia, todas as crianças foram avaliadas em relação ao seu grau de ansiedade através da Escala de Ansiedade Pré-operatória de Yale Modificada e seus pais, avaliados quanto ao seu nível de ansiedade pela Escala Visual Analógica. O avaliador era cego sobre qual grupo do estudo a criança e seu familiar pertenciam. Resultados: Na análise dos resultados, foram excluídas nove crianças e familiares de cada grupo. As crianças do grupo preparado tiveram reduções significativas no grau de ansiedade em relação ao grupo controle, (p = 0,04). Não houve correlação entre os graus de ansiedade das crianças e seus pais (p = 0,78). Conclusão: A preparação psicológica foi eficaz na redução do grau de ansiedade das crianças no momento da cirurgia. Não houve, entretanto, relação entre os graus de ansiedade dos pais e seus filhos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Anxiety/psychology , Preoperative Care/psychology , Anxiety/prevention & control , Parents/psychology , Preoperative Care/methods , Double-Blind Method , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Preoperative Period , Visual Analog Scale
20.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(4): 782-789, July-Aug. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019895

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of mirabegron in females with overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms after surgical treatment for stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Materials and Methods The study was conducted with a prospective, randomized and double-blinded design. 62 patients over the age of 40 who met the inclusion-exclusion criterias of the study were enrolled and randomly divided into two groups as Group A (mirabegron 50mg) and B (solifenacin 5mg). Patients were compared based on efficacy of treatment [Patient Perception of Bladder Condition (PPBC) scale and micturition diaries], safety of treatment (heart rate, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, adverse events), number of micturitions per day, patient's satisfaction status after treatment [Visual Analog Scale(VAS)] and quality of life. Results The mean age of the population was 48.2±3.8 years and the duration of OAB symptoms was 5.9±2.9 months. Baseline values for the mean number of micturitions, volume voided in each micturition, nocturia episodes, urgency and urgency incontinence episodes were 15.3±0.34, 128±3.88mL, 3.96±1.67, 5.72±1.35 and 4.22±0.69, respectively. After treatment, values for these parameters were 11.7±0.29, 164.7±2.9mL, 2.25±0.6, 3.38±0.71, 2.31±0.49 respectively. Quality of life score, symptom bother score, VAS for treatment satisfaction score, PPBC score after treatment were 66.1±0.85, 43.7±0.77, 4.78±0.14, 4.78±0.14, respectively. There were no significant differences between two groups on any parameter. However, mirabegron showed better tolerability than solifenacin, particularly after 6 months. Conclusion Mirabegron is safe, effective and tolerable in the long-term treatment of females with OAB symptoms after surgery for stress urinary incontinence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Thiazoles/therapeutic use , Urinary Incontinence, Stress/surgery , Urinary Bladder, Overactive/drug therapy , Adrenergic beta-3 Receptor Agonists/therapeutic use , Acetanilides/therapeutic use , Quality of Life , Reference Values , Urinary Incontinence, Stress/physiopathology , Double-Blind Method , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Muscarinic Antagonists/therapeutic use , Urinary Bladder, Overactive/physiopathology , Visual Analog Scale , Solifenacin Succinate/therapeutic use , Middle Aged
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