Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 1.199
Filter
1.
Ann. afr. méd. (En ligne) ; 15(2): e4605-e4613, 2022. figures
Article in French | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1366667

ABSTRACT

Contexte et objectif. L'endométriose est une maladie gynécologique caractérisée par la présence des glandes et du stroma endométrial en dehors de la cavité utérine. Elle serait influencée par la nutrition. Cette maladie touche 10 à 15 % des femmes en âge de procréer et a comme composante essentielle l'inflammation chronique. Les symptômes les plus fréquents sont la douleur et l'infertilité. La littérature actuelle fait état des effets bénéfiques des aliments antiinflammatoires et antioxydants sur l'endométriose. L'objectif de la présente mini revue est d'établir des pistes de réflexion sur le bénéfice d'une supplémentation nutritionnelle dans l'endométriose. Méthodes. Nous avons effectué une recherche avec les bases de données de Pubmed, Cinahl, Cochrane Library et Embase pour identifier les articles et essais cliniques randomisés dont sept ont été retenus pour l'analyse. Résultats. La supplémentation en souches probiotiques, en vitamine E et en vitamine C a une influence positive sur les symptômes liés à l'endométriose. De plus, un ensemble des composés contenant des vitamines, sels minéraux, ferments lactiques et oméga 3 et 6 ainsi qu'une alimentation de type anti-inflammatoire et les aliments pauvres en glucides fermentés cibles auraient également une influence positive sur les symptômes. En revanche, la vitamine n'aurait aucun effet significatif. Conclusion. Une prise en charge nutritionnelle, notamment axée sur une supplémentation en antioxydants, anti-inflammatoires et en souches probiotiques constitue une piste prometteuse pour la prise en charge de l'endométriose


Context and objective. Endometriosis is a gynecological disease which is characterized by the presence of endometrial glands and stroma outside the uterine cavity and might be influenced by nutrition. It affects 10 to 15 % of women of childbearing age and has chronic inflammation as an essential component. The most common symptoms are pain and infertility. Current literature reports the beneficial effects of antiinflammatory and antioxidant foods on endometriosis. The present paper reviews the benefits of nutritional supplementation in endometriosis. Methods. A search was performed using the Pubmed, Cinahl, Cochrane Library and Embase database engines to identify articles and randomized clinical trials, of which seven were selected for analysis. Results. Supplementation with probiotic strains, vitamin E and vitamin C has a positive influence on the symptoms associated with endometriosis. In addition, a set of compounds containing vitamins, minerals, lactic ferments and omega 3 and 6 as well as an antiinflammatory type diet and foods low in fermentable carbohydrates would also have a positive influence on the symptoms. In contrast, vitamin D did not have any significant effect. Conclusion. Nutritional management, in particular focusing on supplementation with antioxidants, anti-inflammatory drugs and probiotic strains, is a promising avenue for the management of endometriosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Signs and Symptoms , Vitamin E , Dietary Supplements , Endometriosis , Antioxidants , Ascorbic Acid
2.
Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e182254, 2021. graf, ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1344710

ABSTRACT

In the present study, the effect of vitamin E supplementation 450 mg/kg diet was appraised in the process of induced wound healing in Nile tilapias Oreochromis niloticus. Fish were distributed into 18 tanks (10 fish each). Nine tanks were fed the non-supplemented diet and the other 9 tanks were fed 450 mg vitamin E for 60 days. Subsequently, the fish were anesthetized and the epidermis and dermis were surgically removed. The rate of cicatricial retraction and appearance of the wounds, and the histomorphometry of mucous cells, chromatophores, revascularization, inflammatory cells, presence of fibroblasts, collagen fibers, and scales were checked after 3-, 7-, 14-, 21-, and 28-days post-wounding. The retraction rate of the wound was significantly higher in the supplemented fish. The higher concentrations of inflammatory cells, mucous cells, and chromatophores, as well as the production and organization of collagen fibers, resulted in a higher retraction rate. We concluded that a dietary supplementation diet improves specific aspects of the cutaneous healing process in Nile tilapia fish.(AU)


No presente estudo, o efeito da suplementação com vitamina E de 450 mg / kg de dieta foi avaliado no processo de cicatrização induzida de feridas em tilápias do Nilo, Oreochromis niloticus. Os peixes foram distribuídos em 18 tanques (N=10), sendo 9 tanques com dieta não suplementada e os outros 9 tanques suplementados com 450 mg de vitamina E por 60 dias. Posteriormente, os peixes foram anestesiados e a epiderme e derme foram removidas cirurgicamente. Nos tempos pré-determinado de 3, 7, 14, 21 e 28 dias após a ferida foi analisado a taxa de retração cicatricial, a aparência das feridas e a histomorfometria das células mucosas, dos cromatóforos, das células inflamatórias, a revascularização, a presença de fibroblastos, de fibras de colágeno e escamas. A taxa de retração da ferida foi significativamente maior nos peixes suplementados. As maiores concentrações de células inflamatórias, mucosas e cromatóforos, bem como a produção e organização das fibras de colágeno, resultaram em uma maior taxa de retração. Concluímos que a dieta de suplementação melhora aspectos específicos do processo de cicatrização cutânea em peixes de tilápia do Nilo.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Vitamin E , Wound Healing , Cichlids/physiology , Cichlids/injuries , alpha-Tocopherol , Inflammation
3.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 49: Pub. 1839, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1363603

ABSTRACT

Canine sperm is a very delicate cell that is quite susceptible to oxidative stress since the cytoplasm is restricted and features little antioxidant reserves. Furthermore, the sperm membrane has some polyunsaturated fatty acids sensitive to lipid peroxidation, which makes it important to addition antioxidant substances to the diluter aiming at decreasing such stress to the sperm cell, particularly during seminal cryopreservation. Several antioxidants have been used in this process in some domestic animal's species, however, the use of palmitic acid has been little reported in works on cryopreservation of semen of the canine species. Hence, this study aimed to assess the effect of addition antioxidants palmitic acid and vitamin E to the Tris-egg yolk diluter on the semen quality of dogs after thawing. Samples were collected from the ejaculates of 4 adult dogs, apparently healthy, of the American Pit Bull Terrier breed of kennels in the city of Teresina, PI, places where the pre-freezing procedures of the dog's semen were performed. The samples were diluted in Tris citric acid fructose (3.28 g Tris-hydroxymethyl-aminomethane, 1.78 g citric acid monohydrate and 1.25 g D-fructose), dissolved in 100 mL distilled water, and added 20% egg yolk and 6% glycerol, at the concentration of 100x106 sptz/mL. The semen samples were divided into 3 mL aliquots to form 3 experimental groups: G1 - Only Tris-egg yolk (Control group); G2 - Tris-egg yolk + 100 µM palmitic acid; and G3 - Tris-egg yolk + 116 µM vitamin E. Semen was collected weekly over a period of little over 2 months. After thawing, thermorresistance test (TTR) was carried out at 0, 30, 60, and 90 min to assess spermatics motility and vigor, in addition to analysis of integrity of plasma membrane, acrosomal membrane and mitochondrial activity of the sperm, using fluorescent probes. These assessments were performed out at the Animal Reproduction Biotechnology Laboratory (LBRA/UFPI). In the TTR, G2 and G3 didn't exhibit significant results for spermatics motility or vigor when compared with the control group. The palmitic acid and vitamin E also had no significant effects on the parameters of acrosomal membrane integrity or mitochondrial activity. However, sperm cryopreserved with the addition of palmitic acid exhibited significant differences for plasma membrane integrity, providing greater protection to the sperm cells in G2. The palmitic acid is one of the most saturated fatty acids in human semen, with reports of great proportions also in the seminal plasma of dogs. Its main role is to protect the plasma membrane from external damage, improving viability and fertility of the sperm after cryopreservation. Data is scarce in the literature on the composition of fatty acids in canine semen and regarding the use of palmitic acid as a seminal antioxidant in that species, which grants further studies aiming to investigate such valuable information for canine reproduction. It is concluded that addition palmitic acid at 100µM concentration to the Tris-egg yolk diluter was able to preserve the integrity of the plasma membrane during the process of cryopreservation of canine semen.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Dogs , Semen/drug effects , Vitamin E , Cryopreservation/veterinary , Oxidative Stress , Palmitic Acid/adverse effects , Semen Analysis/veterinary , Antioxidants/administration & dosage
4.
Medicina (Ribeiräo Preto) ; 53(4)nov. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354849

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Objective: Brazilian national data show a significant deficiency in pediatric vitamin E consumption, but there are very few studies evaluating laboratory-proven nutritional deficiency. The present study aimed to settle the prevalence of vitamin E deficiency (VED) and factors associated among school-aged children attended at a primary health unit in Ribeirão Preto (SP). Methods: A cross-sectional study that included 94 children between 6 and 11 years old. All sub-jects were submitted to vitamin E status analysis. To investigate the presence of factors associated with VED, socio-economic and anthropometric evaluation, determination of serum hemoglobin and zinc levels, and parasitological stool exam were performed. The associations were performed using Fisher's exact test. Results: VED (α-tocopherol concentrations <7 µmol/L) was observed in seven subjects (7.4%). None of them had zinc deficiency. Of the total of children, three (3.2%) were malnourished, 12 (12.7%) were anemic, and 11 (13.5%) presented some pathogenic intestinal parasite. These possible risk factors, in addition to maternal-work, maternal educational level, and monthly income, were not associated with VED. Conclusions: The prevalence of VED among school-aged children attended at a primary health unit was low. Zinc deficiency, malnutrition, anemia, pathogenic intestinal parasite, maternal-work, maternal educational level, and monthly income were not a risk factor for VED. (AU)


RESUMO: Objetivo: Determinar a prevalência da deficiência de vitamina E (DVE) e os fatores associados a essa deficiência em escolares atendidos em uma unidade básica de saúde de Ribeirão Preto (SP). Métodos: Estudo transversal que incluiu 94 crianças entre 6 e 11 anos de idade, atendidas em uma unidade básica de saúde. Todos os indivíduos foram submetidos à análise do status de vitamina E. Para investigar a presença de fatores associados à DVE, foi realizada avaliação socio-econômica e antropométrica, determinação dos níveis séricos de hemoglobina e zinco, e exame parasitológico de fezes. As associações foram realizadas por meio do teste exato de Fisher. Resultados: A DVE (concentrações de α-tocoferol <7 µmol/l) foi observada em sete indivíduos (7,4%). Nenhum sujeito apresentou deficiência sérica de zinco. Do total de crianças, três (3,2%) eram desnutridas, 12 (12,7%) anêmicas e 11 (13,5%) apresentavam algum parasita intestinal patogênico. Estes possíveis fatores de risco, além do trabalho materno, escolaridade materna e renda mensal, não foram associados à DVE (p>0,05). Conclusão: A prevalência de DVE em escolares atendidos em uma unidade básica de saúde foi baixa. Desnutrição, anemia, parasitose intestinal, renda mensal e trabalho e nível educacional maternos não se apre-sentaram como fatores de risco para a DVE. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Vitamin E , Vitamin E Deficiency , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Malnutrition , Zinc Deficiency
5.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 36(2): 115-121, jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138543

ABSTRACT

Ha habido mucha discusión sobre los efectos dañinos para la salud producidos por los cigarrillos electrónicos o vapeadores y su utilidad como ayuda para dejar de fumar. Cada vez aparecen más publicaciones con efectos deletéreos sobre la salud. Esta discusión se ha acentuado en los últimos años, por el importante aumento del uso de los vapeadores en todo el mundo, especialmente entre los adolescentes y adultos jóvenes. En septiembre de 2019 el Centro de Control y Prevención de Enfermedades (CDC) de los EE. UU. alertó sobre un importante número de casos de enfermedad pulmonar asociada al uso de cigarrillo electrónico (EVALI: e-cigarette or vaping associated lung injury). Epidemiológicamente se consideró un brote que al 17 de enero, 2020 ha presentado 2.668 pacientes hospitalizados, con 57 fallecidos. Durante la semana del 15 de septiembre 2019 ocurrió el 'peak' de hospitalizaciones por EVALI. La mayoría eran varones jóvenes. El 82% usó productos con Tetrahidrocanabinoides (THC) y el 14% productos con nicotina. En el lavado bronquio-alveolar de 51 casos de EVALI se encontró la presencia de acetato de Vitamina E, producto utilizado como espesante para la elaboración de productos de 'vapeo' que contienen THC, lo que lo hace un posible factor causal, pero no se puede descartar el papel de otros compuestos tóxicos. Las principales sociedades científicas del mundo y la OMS han advertido de los riesgos a largo plazo del uso de los cigarrillos electrónicos y recomiendan su control y regulación.


There has been a lot of discussion about the harmful health effects caused by electronic cigarettes or vapers and their usefulness as a smoking cessation aid. More and more publications appear with deleterious effects on health. This discussion has been straightened in recent years, due to the significant increase in the use of vapers worldwide, especially among adolescents and young adults. In September 2019, the US Center for Disease Control and Prevention warned of a significant number of cases of lung disease associated with the use of electronic cigarettes (EVALI: e-cigarette or vaping associated lung injury). Epidemiologically it was considered an outbreak that as of January 17, 2020 presented 2668 hospitalized patients, with 57 deaths. During the week of September 15, 2019 the peak of hospitalizations for EVALI occurred. The majority were young men. 82% of them used products with Tetrahydrocanabinoids (THC) and 14% products with nicotine. In the bronchoalveolar lavage of 51 cases of EVALI, the presence of Vitamin E acetate was found, a product used as a thickener for the elaboration of vaping products containing THC, which makes it a possible causal factor, but it cannot be ruled out the contribution of other toxic compounds. The world's leading scientific societies and World Health Organization have warned of the long-term risks of using electronic cigarettes and recommend their control and regulation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lung Injury/etiology , Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems , Vaping/adverse effects , Dronabinol , Vitamin E/analysis , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid/chemistry , Lung Injury/pathology , Lung Injury/epidemiology , Lung Injury/diagnostic imaging
6.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(2): 278-288, abr. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056435

ABSTRACT

This experiment was designed to study the effects of oral administration of artemether which is the most rapid-acting class of antimalarial drugs and the possible protective effect of vitamin E taken with it on the liver of albino rats. A total of twenty-four adult male albino rats were used in this study and were divided into four groups. Group one served as a control and rats in group two exposed to oral intake of artemether daily for fifteen days. The third and fourth groups treated with artemether plus low and high doses of vitamin E respectively. At the end of the experiment, the rats were sacrificed, and the livers were obtained and processed for histological, biochemical and statistical studies. Histological study of the hepatocytes of rats exposed to artemether showed nearly complete disintegration of most cellular contents except few numbers of mitochondria and rough endoplasmic reticulum. Also, the cytoplasm of these cells had few lysosomes, many vacuoles and irregular nuclei with abnormal distribution of chromatin and were shown. The hepatic sinusoids were dilated and filled with blood and vacuoles and bile ductules were abnormal in its structure. Treatment with low and high doses of vitamin E in concomitant with artemether ameliorated the hepatic histopathological lesions and its parenchyma attained nearly normal structure. As far as biochemical changes, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) in rats treated with artemether were significantly elevated as compared to the control. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were significantly increased in the liver in rats treated with artemether. However, vitamin E ameliorated the rise in ALT and AST with decreased MDA concentration and levels of SOD as compared to the corresponding artemether group values. Results of the present suggest that artemether has a harmful and stressful effect on hepatic tissue and the treatment with vitamin E may alleviate this toxicity.


Este experimento fue diseñado para estudiar los efectos de la administración oral de arteméter, la clase de medicamentos antipalúdicos de acción rápida, y el posible efecto protector de la vitamina E en el hígado de ratas albinas. Se utilizaron un total de 24 ratas albinas machos adultas y se dividieron en cuatro grupos. El grupo uno sirvió como control y las ratas en el grupo dos recibieron la dosis oral de arteméter diariamente durante 15 días. Los grupos tres y cuatro fueron tratados con arteméter, más dosis bajas y altas de vitamina E, respectivamente. Al final del experimento, se sacrificaron las ratas y se obtuvieron y procesaron los hígados para estudios histológicos, bioquímicos y estadísticos. El estudio histológico de los hepatocitos de ratas expuestas a arteméter mostró una desintegración casi completa de la mayoría de los contenidos celulares, excepto algunos mitocondrias y retículo endoplásmico rugoso. Además, el citoplasma de estas células tenía pocos lisosomas, muchas vacuolas y núcleos irregulares con distribución anormal de cromatina. Los sinusoides hepáticos estaban dilatados y llenos de sangre y vacuolas, y los conductos biliares tenían una estructura anormal. El tratamiento con dosis bajas y altas de vitamina E en forma concomitante con arteméter mejoró las lesiones histopatológicas hepáticas y su parénquima alcanzó una estructura casi normal. En cuanto a los cambios bioquímicos, la alanina aminotransferasa (ALT) y la aspartato aminotransferasa (AST) en ratas tratadas con arteméter se elevaron significativamente en comparación con el control. Los niveles de superóxido dismutasa (SOD) y malondialdehído (MDA) aumentaron significativamente en el hígado en ratas tratadas con arteméter. Sin embargo, la vitamina E mejoró el aumento de ALT y AST con una disminución de la concentración de MDA y los niveles de SOD en comparación con los valores correspondientes del grupo de arteméter. Los resultados del presente estudio sugieren que el arteméter tiene un efecto dañino y estresante sobre el tejido hepático y el tratamiento con vitamina E puede aliviar esta toxicidad.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Vitamin E/pharmacology , Artemisinins/toxicity , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury, Chronic/enzymology , Aspartate Aminotransferases/analysis , Vitamin E/administration & dosage , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Alanine Transaminase/analysis , Disease Models, Animal , Liver/drug effects , Antimalarials/toxicity
7.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(2): 461-471, abr. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056463

ABSTRACT

This experiment was designed to study the administration of normal doses of one of recent antimalarial drug and coadministration of vitamin E on the kidney tissue. A total twenty-four adult male albino rats were used and divided into four groups: the first one served as a control, the second received artemether orally for three days consecutively. The rats of the third and fourth groups received the same dose of artemether concomitantly with 50 and 100 mg/kg vitamin E orally daily for 2 weeks. After the last dose, the rats were sacrificed and the kidney tissues with blood samples obtained and processed for light, electron microscopic and biochemical analysis. Histologically, artemether treated kidneys showed atrophied glomeruli with widened urinary space and kidney tubules were degenerated with disturbed contour and some vacuoles inside it. Ultrastructurally, the glomeruli of this group showed hypertrophic endothelial cells, irregularity of its basement membrane, disrupted foot processes and filtration slits. The kidney tubule cells showed loss of basal infoldings, cytoplasmic vacuolation, polymorphic damaged swollen mitochondria a loss of its microvilli towards its capillary lumen. Artemether plus vitamin E of the rat kidney groups showed improvement of morphological changes compared to the changes seen in artemether alone. These data were confirmed by biochemical findings with marked improvement of blood urea and creatinine levels and increase of anti-oxidant enzyme activities of glutathione peroxidase and superoxide dismutase in the vitamin E treated groups. The results of this study revealed that vitamins E can improve the adverse changes of artemether of rat renal tissue.


Este proyecto fue diseñado para estudiar la administración de dosis normales de uno de los medicamentos antipalúdicos y de la administración de vitamina E en el tejido renal. Se utilizaron 24 ratas albinas machos adultas divididas en cuatro grupos: el primero sirvió como control, el segundo recibió arteméter por vía oral durante tres días consecutivos. Las ratas del tercer y cuarto grupos recibieron la misma dosis de arteméter concomitantemente con 50 y 100 mg / kg de vitamina E por vía oral diariamente durante 2 semanas. Después de la última dosis, las ratas fueron sacrificadas y se obtuvo el tejido renal de cada muestra los cuales fueron procesados para análisis con microscopías de luz y electrónica, además de exámenes bioquímicos. Histológicamente, los riñones tratados con arteméter mostraron atrofia glomerular con espacio urinario ensanchado y túbulos renales degenerados con contorno alterado y algunas vacuolas en su interior. Ultraestructuralmente, los glomérulos de este grupo mostraron células endoteliales hipertróficas, irregularidad de su membrana basal, procesos alterados del pie y hendiduras de filtración. Las células del túbulo renal mostraron pérdida de inflexiones basales, vacuolación citoplasmática, mitocondrias dañadas y pérdida de sus microvellosidades hacia la luz capilar. Arteméter más vitamina E en los grupos de riñón de rata mostraron una mejora de los cambios morfológicos, en comparación con los cambios observados en arteméter solamente. Estos datos fueron confirmados por hallazgos bioquímicos con una marcada mejoría de los niveles de urea y creatinina en sangre y un aumento de las actividades enzimáticas antioxidantes de la glutatión peroxidasa y la superóxido dismutasa en los grupos tratados con vitamina E. Los resultados de este estudio revelaron que la vitamina E puede mejorar los cambios adversos del arteméter del tejido renal de la rata.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Vitamin E/pharmacology , Acute Kidney Injury/chemically induced , Artemether/toxicity , Vitamin E/administration & dosage , Microscopy, Electron , Biomarkers/analysis , Rats, Wistar , Kidney/drug effects , Kidney/pathology , Kidney/ultrastructure , Antimalarials/toxicity
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828912

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the protective effect of vitamin E (VE) against radiation injury of hippocampal neurons in mice and explore the possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#Cultured HT-22 and U251 cells with or without exposure to 8 Gy irradiation were treated with VE (200 μmol/L for 24 h), ferroptosis inhibitor (ferrostatin-1, 5 μmol/L for 24 h), apoptosis inhibitor (ZVAD-FMK, 2 μmol/L), or necroptosis inhibitor (100 μmol/L). MTT assay was used to evaluate the cell viability after the treatments, and reduced glutathione (GSH), malondialdehyde (MDA), lipid reactive oxygen species (lipid ROS), and intracellular iron ion levels were detected for assessment of ferroptosis. The mice exposed to 16 Gy irradiation with or without vitamin E (500 U/kg) treatment for 6 weeks were assessed for behavioral changes and cognitive functions using Morris water maze test.@*RESULTS@#Treatment with VE significantly promoted the cell survival following irradiation in HT-22 cells ( < 0.05) but not in U251 cells ( > 0.05). Ferrostatin-1, but not ZVAD or the necroptosis inhibitor, promoted the survival of HT-22 cells following the irradiation. Exposure to irradiation significantly increased ferroptosis-related oxidative stress level in HT-22 cells, manifested by decreased GSH level and increased MDA, lipid ROS and intracellular iron ion levels ( < 0.05); treatment with VE and ferrostatin-1 both obviously reversed radiation-induced ferroptosis-related oxidative stress in the cells ( < 0.05). In Morris water maze test, the mice with radiation exposure showed obviously increased exploration time and distance ( < 0.05), which were significantly decreased after treatment with VE ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Vitamin E reduces radiation injury by inhibiting ferroptosis in the hippocampal neurons in mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Ferroptosis , Hippocampus , Mice , Neurons , Radiation Injuries , Vitamin E
9.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(10): e9930, 2020. graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132477

ABSTRACT

In knee replacements, vitamin E-doped ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) shows a better wear behavior than standard UHMWPE. Therefore, different sets of polyethylene (PE) acetabular cups, i.e. standard UHMWPE and cross-linked polyethylene irradiated with 50 kGy and 75 kGy, were compared, at a molecular level, with vitamin E-doped UHMWPE to evaluate their wear performance after being tested on a hip joint simulator for five million cycles. Unworn control and worn acetabular cups were analyzed by micro-Raman spectroscopy to gain insight into the effects of wear on the microstructure and phase composition of PE. Macroscopic wear was evaluated through mass loss measurements. The data showed that the samples could be divided into two groups: 1) standard and vitamin E-doped cups (mass loss of about 100 mg) and 2) the cross-linked cups (mass loss of about 30-40 mg). Micro-Raman spectroscopy disclosed different wear mechanisms in the four sets of acetabular cups, which were related to surface topography data. The vitamin E-doped samples did not show a better wear behavior than the cross-linked ones in terms of either mass loss or morphology changes. However, they showed lower variation at the morphological level (lower changes in phase composition) than the UHMWPE cups, thus confirming a certain protecting role of vitamin E against microstructural changes induced by wear testing.


Subject(s)
Hip Joint , Hip Prosthesis , Polyethylenes , Vitamin E , Materials Testing
10.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(4): 1335-1341, Dec. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040134

ABSTRACT

Food additives and flavour enhancers used in the food industry are potential health risks. We tested the hypothesis that the food additive and flavour enhancer, monosodium glutamate (MSG), which is the sodium salt of glutamic acid can induce ultrastructural alterations to the kidney, and the antioxidant vitamin E can protect against acute kidney injuries induced by a toxic dose of MSG in a rat model of the disease. The model group of rats received a daily dose of MSG (4 gm/kg) for 7 days, whereas the protective groups were either received a 100 mg/kg vitamin E plus MSG or 300 mg/kg vitamin E plus MSG for 7 days. Rats were then sacrificed on day 8. Transmission and light microscopy images revealed substantial kidney damage induced by MSG in the model group as demonstrated by degenerated epithelial cells with Pyknotic nuclei, swollen mitochondria, damaged brush margins, dilated tubules, and widening of Bowman's space with shrinkage and deformity of some glomeruli. Treatment of the model group with vitamin E showed a substantial protection of kidney tissue and renal ultrastructure by 300 mg/kg vitamin E compared to a partial protection by 100 mg/kg vitamin E. In addition, MSG significantly (p<0.05) increased serum levels of urea and creatinine, which were significantly (p<0.05) decreased with vitamin E. However, for serum creatinine, high doses of vitamin E (300 mg/kg) were more effective than lower doses (100 mg/kg) of vitamin E. These results indicate that vitamin E at 300 mg/kg effectively protects against MSG-induced acute kidney injury in rats.


Los aditivos alimentarios y los potenciadores del sabor utilizados en la industria alimentaria son riesgos potenciales para la salud. Probamos la hipótesis de que el aditivo alimentario y el potenciador del sabor, glutamato monosódico (MSG), la sal sódica del ácido glutámico, puede inducir alteraciones ultraestructurales del riñón, y que las propiedades antioxidantes de la vitamina E, pueden proteger contra las lesiones renales inducidas por una dosis tóxica de MSG en un modelo de rata. El grupo modelo de ratas recibió una dosis diaria de MSG (4 g / kg) durante 7 días, mientras que los grupos protectores recibieron una dosis de 100 mg / kg de vitamina E más MSG o 300 mg / kg de vitamina E más MSG durante 7 días. Las ratas se sacrificaron el día 8. Las imágenes de microscopía óptica y de transmisión revelaron un daño renal sustancial inducido por el MSG en el grupo modelo, como lo demuestran las células epiteliales degeneradas con núcleos picnóticos, mitocondrias hinchadas, bordes dañados, túbulos dilatados y ensanchamiento del espacio de Bowman, además de la deformidad de algunos glomérulos. El tratamiento del grupo modelo con vitamina E mostró una protección sustancial del tejido renal y la ultraestructura renal de 300 mg / kg de vitamina E en comparación con una protección parcial de 100 mg / kg de vitamina E. Además, el MSG aumentó significativamente (p <0,05) en el suero los niveles de urea y creatinina, disminuyeron significativamente (p <0,05) con la vitamina E. Sin embargo, para la creatinina sérica, las dosis altas de vitamina E (300 mg / kg) fueron más efectivas que las dosis más bajas (100 mg / kg) de vitamina E. Estos resultados indican que la vitamina E a 300 mg / kg protege eficazmente contra la lesión renal aguda inducida por MSG en ratas.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Sodium Glutamate/toxicity , Vitamin E/therapeutic use , Acute Kidney Injury/drug therapy , Vitamin E/pharmacology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Disease Models, Animal , Acute Kidney Injury/chemically induced , Acute Kidney Injury/pathology , Kidney/pathology , Kidney/ultrastructure
11.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(4): 402-410, dic. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056476

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Los bisfosfonatos (BP) disminuyen la resorción ósea al frenar la actividad de los osteoclastos. La vitamina E es antioxidante y su efecto positivo en el hueso sería mediante la prevención del estrés oxidativo. Se estudió la administración infiltrativa de Alendronato y Vitamina E para determinar si favorecían la formación de hueso en la reparación ósea del alvéolo postexodoncia. Se utilizaron ratas machos Wistar (n=96), de 90 ± 15 g, se les realizó la exodoncia de los primeros molares inferiores. Fueron dividos en 4 grupos: Un grupo control (C) recibió solución salina. El grupo AL 0,5 mg/ Kg; grupo E recibió 20 mg/kg; y grupo con tratamiento combinado AL y E. Los animales se sacrificaron a los 0, 7, 15 y 30 días postextracción. Se realizó la resección de las mandíbulas; las muestras fueron descalcificadas con EDTA y luego se incluyeron en parafina. Se realizaron cortes histológicos y se colorearon con Hematoxilina/Eosina. Se realizó análisis histológico e histomorfométrico. Se utilizó análisis de Varianza (ANOVA). En el análisis histológico, a los 7 y 15 días el grupo E presentó mayor neoformación de tejido óseo que los otros grupos. A los 30 días se observó hueso maduro con presencia de osteonas en el grupo E. En el estudio histomorfométrico a los 15 y 30 días se evidencian diferencias significativas en el número de osteoblastos por mm lineal, entre el grupo AL + E y C (p<0,01) y a los 30 días se encontró diferencia entre el grupo E y C (p<0,01). Al medir espesor trabecular se observó a los 30 días diferencias significativas entre el grupo AL+E y C (p<0,01) y entre el grupo C y E (p<0,01). La Vitamina E demostró que administrada por vía infiltrativa favorece la remodelación ósea en los alvéolos post exodoncia.


ABSTRACT: Bisphosphonates (BP) decrease bone resorption to curb the activity of the osteoclasts. Vitamin E is an antioxidant and its positive effect on the bone would be by preventing oxidative stress. Infiltrative Alendronate and vitamin E administration wasstudied to determine if they favored the formation of bone in bone repair of the postextraction alveolus. Male Wistar rats were used (n = 96), 90 ± 15 g, underwent extraction of the lower first molars. They were divided into 4 groups: A control group (C) received saline. The Group at the 0.5 mg/Kg; Group E received 20 mg/kg; and combined treatment group to AL and E. The animals were sacrificed at days 0, 7, 15 and 30 post extraction. With the resection of the jaws; samples were decalcified with EDTA and then included in paraffin. Histological cuts were made and colored with Hematoxylin/ eosin. Histomorphometric and histological analysis was performed. We used analysis of variance (ANOVA). In the histological analysis, 7 to 15 days the Group E presented greater neoformation of bone tissue than other groups. At 30 days mature bone was observed, with presence of osteons in the Group E. Study shows significant differences in the number of osteoblast histomorphometric function to 15 to 30 days by linear mm, among the group to the + E and C (p < 0.01) and 30-day difference was found among the Group E and C (p < 0.01). When measuring thick trabecular, significant differences were observed at 30 days between the AL+E and C Group (p < 0.01) and between C and E (p < 0.01). Vitamin E showed that administered infiltrative favors the bone remodeling in post extraction sockets.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Osteogenesis/physiology , Vitamin E/therapeutic use , Alendronate/administration & dosage , Osteoblasts , Vitamin E/administration & dosage , Epidemiology, Experimental , Analysis of Variance , Histological Techniques , Rats, Wistar , Cancellous Bone
12.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 27(4): 241-251, jul.-set. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1053482

ABSTRACT

Cronicamente, o exercício aeróbio promove inúmeros benefícios sobre o desempenho físico e a saúde. No entanto, sessões agudas de exercício aeróbio induzem a produção de Radicais Livres, cujo acúmulo está associado a diversos efeitos prejudiciais sobre a célula, e em última instância, sobre a saúde. Apesar da existência de defesas antioxidantes nas células musculares, e da sugestão de que a presença dos Radicais Livres funcionaria como um importante gatilho para algumas adaptações ao treinamento físico, é crescente o número de trabalhos investigando se a suplementação com antioxidantes, tais como as Vitaminas C e E, pode atenuar o surgimento dos Radicais Livres produzidos durante o exercício e treinamento aeróbio. É igualmente crescente o número de estudos averiguando se a suplementação com antioxidantes poderia interferir com certas adaptações ao treinamento aeróbio. Logo, o objetivo deste Ponto de Vista foi examinar se as evidências literárias permitem concluir se a suplementação com antioxidantes inibe a adaptação das defesas antioxidantes endógenas, de fatores relacionados ao conteúdo e função mitocondriais, e do consumo máximo de oxigênio. Observou-se escassez e controvérsia entre os diferentes estudos, onde fatores relacionados ao baixo número amostral, ao curto período de exposição aos protocolos de treinamento, e à ausência de padronização nas medidas fisiológicas sendo mensuradas bem como da caracterização do estado antioxidante basal ainda causam dificuldade no estabelecimento de conclusões definitivas. Entretanto, as poucas evidências oriundas de estudos bem controlados sugerem que algumas adaptações, em especial aquelas relacionadas à biogênese e atividade mitocondrial, podem ser inibidas com a adição das Vitaminas C e/ou E ao treinamento aeróbio...(AU)


Chronically, aerobic exercise promotes several benefits on exercise performance and health. However, acute sessions of aerobic exercise induce the production of Free Radicals, which accumulation is associated with several harmful effects on the cell, and ultimately on health. Despite the existence of antioxidant defenses within muscle cells, and the suggestion that the presence of Free Radicals would act as an important trigger for some adaptations to exercise training, there is a growing number of studies investigating whether supplementation with antioxidants, such as Vitamins C and E, can attenuate the occurrence of Free Radicals produced during exercise and aerobic training. The number of studies investigating whether antioxidant supplementation could interfere with certain adaptations to aerobic training is also increasing. Therefore, the aim of this Point of View was to examine whether evidence allow us to conclude if antioxidant supplementation inhibits the adaptation of endogenous antioxidant defenses, factors related to mitochondrial content and function, and maximal oxygen uptake. It was observed scarcity and controversy among the different studies, where factors related to the low sample size, the short period of exposure to the training protocols, and the lack of standardization in the physiological measures being measured as well as of the characterization of the basal antioxidant status still cause difficulty in establishing definitive conclusions. However, the few evidence from well-controlled studies suggest that some adaptations, especially those related to mitochondrial biogenesis and activity, may be inhibited with the addition of Vitamins C and/or E to aerobic training...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Exercise , Dietary Supplements , Endurance Training , Antioxidants , Physical Education and Training , Ascorbic Acid , Vitamin E , Organelle Biogenesis , Free Radicals , Physical Functional Performance
13.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 37(3): 291-296, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041339

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the concentration of alpha-tocopherol in umbilical cord serum of full-term and preterm newborns, in order to assess the nutritional status of both groups in relation to the vitamin and its possible correlation with intrauterine growth. Methods: A cross-sectional observational study conducted with 140 newborns, of which 64 were preterm and 76 were full-term. They did not have any malformations, they came from healthy mothers, who were nonsmokers, and delivered a single baby. Intrauterine growth was evaluated by weight-to-gestational age at birth, using Intergrowth-21st. Thealpha-tocopherol levels of umbilical cord serum were analyzed by High Performance Liquid Chromatography. Results: The mean concentration of alpha-tocopherol in umbilical cord serum for preterm and full-term infants was 263.3±129.5 and 247.0±147.6 µg/dL (p=0.494). In the preterm group, 23% were small for gestational age, whereas in the full-term group, this percentage was only 7% (p=0.017). Low levels of vitamin E were found in 95.3% of preterm infants and 92.1% of full-term infants. There was no correlation between alpha-tocopherol levels and weight to gestational age Z score (p=0.951). Conclusions: No association was found between alpha-tocopherol levels and weight to gestational age at birth. Intrauterine growth restriction was more frequent in preterm infants and most infants had low levels of vitamin E at the time of delivery.


RESUMO Objetivo: Determinar a concentração de alfatocoferol em soro de cordão umbilical de recém-nascidos a termo e pré-termo, a fim de avaliar o estado nutricional de ambos os grupos com relação a essa vitamina e sua possível correlação sobre o crescimento intrauterino. Métodos: Estudo observacional de caráter transversal realizado com 140 recém-nascidos, 64 pré-termo e 76 a termo, sem malformações, oriundos de mães saudáveis, não fumantes e com parto de concepto único. O crescimento intrauterino foi avaliado pelo índice peso por idade gestacional ao nascer, utilizando a Intergrowth-21st. Os níveis de alfatocoferol do soro do cordão umbilical foram analisados por cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência. Resultados: A concentração média de alfatocoferol no soro do cordão umbilical para recém-nascidos pré-termo e a termo foi de, respectivamente, 263,3±129,5 e 247,0±147,6 µg/dL (p=0,494). Baixos níveis de vitamina E foram encontrados em 95,3% dos prematuros e em 92,1% dos neonatos a termo. Nogrupo pré-termo, 23% eram pequenos para a idade gestacional, enquanto no grupo a termo esse percentual foi de apenas 7% (p=0,017). Não houve correlação entre os níveis de alfatocoferol e o escore Z de peso para idade gestacional (p=0,951). Conclusões: Não foi encontrada associação entre os níveis de alfatocoferol e a adequação do peso à idade gestacional ao nascer. A restrição do crescimento intrauterino foi mais frequente nos nascidos pré-termo, e a maioria dos recém-nascidos apresentou níveis baixos de vitamina E no momento do parto.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Vitamin E/blood , alpha-Tocopherol/blood , Fetal Development/physiology , Fetal Blood/chemistry , Infant, Premature , Nutritional Status , Cross-Sectional Studies , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Gestational Age
14.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(4): 1227-1235, jul.-ago. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1038598

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito metafilático de minerais traços e vitaminas A e E injetáveis, em parâmetros do estresse oxidativo e na função de neutrófilos em fêmeas da raça Holandesa no período de transição. Sessenta animais foram divididos em dois grupos: animais que receberam minerais traços e vitaminas A e E injetáveis (GMTV) (n= 30) e grupo controle (GC) (n= 30). Não houve diferença significativa entre os grupos nos parâmetros avaliados, porém observou-se diferença significativa entre tratamento e dia para os valores da SOD, com maior atividade dessa enzima em fêmeas GMTV, nas semanas próximas ao parto. Observou-se diferença de dia e para interação tratamento e dia para o TBARS, em que fêmeas GMTV mostraram menores valores de TBARS em todos os momentos, exceto sete dias após o parto. Houve efeito significativo de dia para leucócitos, interação tratamento e dia para neutrófilos e interação tratamento e dia para fagocitose de neutrófilos, em que as fêmeas GMTV apresentaram valores menores de leucócitos e neutrófilos próximo ao parto, além de maior fagocitose de neutrófilos. Pode-se observar que houve melhora no sistema oxidativo e imune de fêmeas GMTV, resposta que provavelmente está relacionada com a administração dos minerais traços e vitaminas A e E.(AU)


This study evaluates the metaphylactic of the subcutaneous administration of a trace minerals and vitamins A and E, on the oxidative stress and neutrophil function in Holsteins cows under the transition period. Sixty females were divided in two groups: group with trace minerals and vitamins (GMTV) (n= 30) and group control (GC) (n= 30). There was no significant difference between those groups; however, we find significant difference between treatment and day for Superoxide dismutase (SOD) values with higher activity of this enzyme in females GMTV on the weeks next to the parturition. Still, there was difference on day and, for interactions between treatment and day for TBARS, were females GMTV showed lower values of TBARS in all moments, except on day seven after the parturition. For leucocytes, there is a significant effect by day, interaction on treatment and day on neutrophils, and interaction treatment and day for neutrophil phagocytosis, were females GMTV showed lower values of leucocytes and neutrophils next to the parturition, and an increase of neutrophils phagocytosis. In summary, cows from the GMTV group had an improvement on the immune and oxidative systems, probably correlated with the administration of this supplement.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Cattle , Trace Elements/analysis , Vitamin A/administration & dosage , Vitamin E/administration & dosage , Oxidative Stress , Neutrophils , Injections, Subcutaneous/veterinary
15.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(2): 137-141, jun. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002296

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: El balance óseo está mediado por una regulación inmunoendócrina, siendo éste un complejo proceso. Entre las acciones llevadas a cabo para mantener la densidad y estructura del esqueleto son variadas las farmacoterapias utilizadas. Diversos estudios han demostrado que tanto Alendronato (AL) y Vitamina E (E) contribuyen a la inhibición de la reabsorción ósea. El objectivo de este trabajo fue estudiar el efecto de la administración combinada de (AL) por vía subcutánea y (E) se administró tres veces por semana también por vía subcutánea con una dosificación de 20 mg/kg de peso corporal. La fórmula farmacéutica fue de 0,5 mg/kg de peso corporal para AL, y 20 mg/kg de vitamina E. El efecto se evaluó en ratas machos Wistar (n=108), de 90 ± 20 g, divididas en 4 grupos. Se realizó la exodoncia de los primeros molares inferiores. La droga se inyectó en forma subcutánea en tiempos 0, 7, 15 y 30 días post cirugía. Las imágenes de las mandíbulas fueron adquiridas mediante radiovisiógrafo, en cada tiempo experimental y fueron analizadas con el Software Image ProPlus versión 4,1 de Media Cibernetics. Estudios estadísticos: no paramétrico: prueba de Kruskal-Wallis Resultados: El grupo C (que registró la media de intensidad más baja), se diferenció significativamente de los grupos E y A-E (p<0,001), no así del grupo que utilizó únicamente Al (p=0,070; p>0,05). Los grupos Al, E y el combinado Al-E no se diferenciaron significativamente entre sí (p>0,05 en todos los casos). Los datos evaluados sirven para mostrar una tendencia favorable en relación al efecto beneficioso de la combinación de AL y vitamina E.


ABSTRACT: The bone balance is mediated by an immunoendocrine regulation, this being a complex process. A number of pharmacotherapies are used among the actions taken to maintain the density and structure of the skeleton. Several studies have shown that both Alendronate (AL) and Vitamin E (E) contribute to the inhibition of bone resorption. Objective: To study the effect of combined administration of (LA) subcutaneously and (E) was administered three times per week also subcutaneously with a dosage of 20 mg / kg body weight. The pharmaceutical formulation was 0.5 mg / kg body weight for AL and 20 mg / kg vitamin E. The effect was evaluated in male Wistar rats (n = 108), 90 ± 20 g, divided into 4 groups. Extraction of the first lower molars was performed. The drug was injected subcutaneously at time 0, 7, 15 and 30 days post-surgery. The images of the jaws were acquired by radiovisiography, at each experimental time and were analyzed with Image ProPlus Software version 4.1 of Media Cibernetics. Statistical studies: non-parametric: Kruskal-Wallis test Group C (which recorded the lowest mean intensity) was significantly different from the E and AE groups (p <0.001), but not from the group that used only Al (P = 0.070, p> 0.05). The Al, E and combined Al-E groups did not differ significantly from each other (p> 0.05 in all cases). The data evaluated serve to show a favorable trend in relation to the beneficial effect of the combination of AL and vitamin E.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Vitamin E/administration & dosage , Bone Remodeling/drug effects , Alendronate/administration & dosage , Radiography, Dental , Analysis of Variance , Animal Experimentation , Diphosphonates/administration & dosage
16.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 95(2): 224-230, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002461

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant status of plasma vitamin E and plasma and intracellular coenzyme Q10 in children with type 1 diabetes. Method: This case-control study was conducted on 72 children with type 1 diabetes and compared to 48 healthy children, who were age, sex, and ethnicity-matched. The diabetic children were divided according to their glycosylated hemoglobin (A1c %) into two groups: poor and good glycemic control groups. All children underwent full history taking, clinical examination, and laboratory measurement of complete blood count, A1c %, plasma cholesterol, triglycerides, and vitamin E levels and coenzyme Q10 levels in plasma, erythrocytes, and platelets. Results: Children with poor glycemic control showed significantly higher plasma vitamin E, coenzyme Q10, triglycerides, low-density lipoproteins, waist circumference/height ratio, cholesterol levels, and lower high-density lipoproteins and platelet coenzyme Q10 redox status in comparison to those with good glycemic control and the control group (p < 0.05). Plasma coenzyme Q10 showed a positive correlation with the duration of type 1 diabetes, triglycerides, cholesterol, vitamin E, and A1c %, and negative correlation with the age of the diabetic group (p < 0.05). The platelet redox status showed a negative correlation with the A1c % levels (r = −0.31; p = 0.022) and the duration of type 1 diabetes (r = −0.35, p = 0.012). Conclusion: Patients with type 1 diabetes, especially poorly controlled, had elevation of plasma vitamin E and coenzyme Q10 levels and decreased platelet redox status of coenzyme Q10, which may be an indicator of increased oxidative stress.


Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar o estado antioxidante da vitamina E no plasma e da coenzima Q10 no plasma e intracelular em crianças com diabetes tipo 1. Método: Este estudo caso-controle realizado em com 72 crianças com diabetes tipo 1 comparadas por idade, sexo e etnia de 58 crianças saudáveis. As crianças diabéticas foram divididas em dois grupos de acordo com sua hemoglobina glicosilada (A1c %): grupos de controle glicêmico bom e baixo. Todas as crianças foram submetidas a anamnese total, exame clínico e laboratorial para hemograma completo, A1c %, colesterol no plasma, triglicerídeos e níveis de vitamina E e níveis de coenzima Q10 no plasma, eritrócitos e plaquetas. Resultados: As crianças com baixo controle glicêmico mostraram nível de vitamina E no plasma significativamente maior, coenzima Q10, triglicerídeos, lipoproteína de baixa densidade, proporção da circunferência da cintura/estatura e níveis de colesterol e menor nível de lipoproteína de alta densidade e estado redox da coenzima Q10 em comparação aos com bom controle glicêmico e com o grupo de controle (p < 0,05). A coenzima Q10 no plasma mostrou correlação positiva com a duração da diabetes tipo 1, triglicerídeos, colesterol, vitamina E e A1c % e correlação negativa com a idade do grupo diabético (p < 0,05). O estado redox das plaquetas mostrou correlação negativa com os níveis de A1c % (r = -0,31; p = 0,022) e a duração da diabetes tipo 1 (r = -0,35, p = 0,012). Conclusão: Os pacientes com diabetes tipo 1, principalmente mal controlados, apresentaram aumento nos níveis de vitamina E no plasma e coenzima Q10 e redução no estado redox das plaquetas da coenzima Q10 que podem indicar aumento do estresse oxidativo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Vitamin E/blood , Ubiquinone/analogs & derivatives , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/blood , Oxidation-Reduction , Biomarkers/blood , Case-Control Studies , Ubiquinone/blood , Oxidative Stress
17.
Arq. Ciênc. Vet. Zool. UNIPAR (Online) ; 22(2): 43-51, abr-jun. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1052600

ABSTRACT

Avaliou-se o efeito da adição das vitaminas C e E na ração sobre o desempenho zootécnico, rendimento de carcaça, de cortes nobres, de parâmetros hematológicos e de órgão linfoide (baço) de frangos de corte criados em ambiente de estresse calórico, CMR (cama reutilizada) e temperaturas elevadas. Foram utilizados 300 frangos de corte em lote misto, de linhagem Cobb, no período de um a 64 dias de vida. O delineamento experimental utilizado foi o inteiramente casualizado com cinco tratamentos e seis repetições. Os tratamentos foram distribuídos da seguinte forma: T1 CN (cama nova) com vazio sanitário, T2 CMR sem vazio sanitário, T3 CMR sem vazio sanitário + 200mg/kg de vitamina C e E, T4 CMR sem vazio sanitário + 350mg/kg de vitamina C e E, T5 CMR sem vazio sanitário + 500mg/kg de vitamina C e E na proporção 150g/kg de ácido ascórbico e 75g/kg de D-alfa-Tocoferol. A CMR contribuiu para o aparecimento de algum processo infeccioso nas aves, constatado por alteração no parâmetro hematológico, evidenciado pela visualização de heterófilos do tipo bastonete/imaturo no T2, porém sem caracterização clínica. A adição da vitamina C e E melhorou o ganho de peso, conversão alimentar e a eficiência alimentar, por outro lado não influenciou os parâmetros hematológicos nem o peso relativo de baço. Concluiu-se que a suplementação de vitamina C e E amenizou o desafio imposto aos frangos, contribuindo dessa maneira para um melhor desempenho zootécnico.(AU)


Dietary yield, yield of nutritional functions, calorific power, and the zootechnical power (spleen) of broiler chickens in a caloric stress environment, REL (reutilized litter), and high temperatures. A total of 300 broilers were used, ranging from 1 to 64 days of age. The experimental design was completely randomized with five treatments and six replicates. The treatments were: T1 NL (new litter) with sanitary empty space; T2 REL without sanitary empty space; T3 REL without sanitary empty space + 200mg/kg vitamin C and E; T4 REL without sanitary empty space + 350mg/kg vitamin C and E; T5 REL without sanitary empty space + 500mg/kg vitamin C and E in the proportion of 150g/kg ascorbic acid and 75g/kg D-Alpha-Tocopherol. The REL contributed to the onset of some infectious process in the birds, which was verified by alteration in the hematological parameter, evidenced by the visualization of the rod/immature type heterophils in the T2, but with no clinical characterization. The addition of vitamin C and E improved weight gain, feed conversion and feed efficiency. However, it did not influence the hematological parameters nor the relative weight of the spleen. It was concluded that vitamin C and E supplementation ameliorated the challenge imposed on chickens, thus contributing to a better zootechnical performance.(AU)


Se evaluó el efecto de la adición de las vitaminas C y E en la ración sobre el desempeño zootécnico, rendimiento de carcasa, de cortes nobles, de parámetros hematológicos y de órgano linfoide (bazo) de pollos de corte creados en ambiente de estrés calórico, CMR (cama reutilizada) y temperaturas elevadas. Se utilizaron 300 pollos de corte en lote mixto, de linaje Cobb, en el período de 1 a 64 días de vida. El delineamiento experimental utilizado fue el completamente casualizado con cinco tratamientos y seis repeticiones. Los tratamientos fueron distribuidos de la siguiente forma: T1 CN (cama nueva) con vacío sanitario, T2 CMR sin vacío sanitario, T3 CMR sin vacío sanitario + 200mg / kg de vitamina C y E, T4 CMR sin vacío sanitario + 350mg / kg de vitamina C y E, T5 CMR sin vacío sanitario + 500mg / kg de vitamina C y E en la proporción 150 g / Kg de ácido ascórbico y 75g / Kg de D-Alfa-Tocoferol. La CMR contribuyó para aparición de algún proceso infeccioso en las aves, constatado por alteración en el parámetro hematológico, evidenciado por la visualización de heterófilos del tipo bastón / inmaduro en el T2, todavía sin caracterización clínica. La adición de la vitamina C y E mejoró la ganancia de peso, la conversión alimenticia y la eficiencia alimentaria, por otro lado no influenció los parámetros hematológicos ni el peso relativo del bazo. Se concluyó que la suplementación de vitamina C y E amenizó el desafío impuesto a los pollos, contribuyendo así a un mejor desempeño zootécnico.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Ascorbic Acid , Vitamin E , Chickens/physiology , Chickens/metabolism
18.
Prensa méd. argent ; 105(1): 9-16, mar 2019. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1026314

ABSTRACT

El granuloma anular (GA) es una dermatosis inflamatoria granulomatosa, generalmente asintomática, con distintas formas de presentación clínica, que puede distribuirse de forma localizada o generalizada. su etiología es incierta pero se la ha vinculado a factores desencadenantes como traumatismos, fármacos, diabetes mellitus, tiroideopatías, neoplasias, infecciones virales (herpes simple y varicela zóster) y excepcionalmente puede aparecer en la misma localización donde previamente aconteció otra enfermedad con la cual no guarda relación alguna (fenómeno isotópico de Wolf). En su patogenia intervendrían mecanismos de hipersensibilidad retardada y de estrés oxidativo celular. Existen múltiples terapias con respuesta variable y se ha observado autorresolución en casi el 75% de los casos. Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 64 años de edad, hipotiroidea de larga data, con un granuloma anular generalizado que apareció sobre cicatrices residuales de un herpes zóster (fenómeno isotópico de Wolf) y su respuesta al tratamiento con Vitamina E por vía oral


Granuloma annulare (GA) is a granulomatous inflammatory dermatosis, usually asymptomatic, with different forms of clinical presentation, which can be localized or generalized. Its etiology is uncertain but has been linked to triggers such as trauma, drugs, diabetes mellitus, thyroid disease, neoplasms and viral infections (herpes simplex, varicella-zoster). Exceptionally, it may appear in the same location where another disease has previously occurred but with no relationship to it (Wolf isotopic response). In their pathogenesis, delayed hypersensitivity mechanisms and cellular oxidative stress would intervene. There are multiple therapies with variable response, and autorresolution has been observed in almost 75% of the cases. We present the case of a 64-year-old woman with a long history of hypothyroidism, with diagnosis of generalized granuloma annulare on residual scars of Herpes Zoster (Wolf 's isotopic response) and its response to oral Vitamin E.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Vitamin E/therapeutic use , Granuloma Annulare/therapy , Oxidative Stress , Herpes Simplex/diagnosis
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776512

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of vitamin E on the respiratory function impairment in rats with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) after exposed to high temperature and PM.@*METHODS@#Fifty-four 7-week-old SPF male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 9 experimental groups (n=6). The rat COPD model was established by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and smoke exposure. After modeled, the rats were tracheal instilled with PM (0 mg/ml, 3.2 mg/ml) and intraperitoneally injected with vitamin E at the dose of 40 mg/kg (20 mg/ml). Part of rats (high temperature groups) were then exposed to high temperature (40℃), once (8 h) a day for three consecutive days. After the last exposure, the lung function of rats was detected. The expression levels of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) were detected by corresponding ELISA kits.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, exposure of high temperature and PM could inhibit the lung function of COPD rats significantly (P<0.05); the level of MCP-1 was increased significantly in PM-exposure groups (P<0.05); iNOS was increased significantly in the groups of high temperature (P<0.05). Compared with the single-PM exposure groups, TNF-α in lung was decreased in the normal temperature health group and high temperature COPD group (P<0.05) after treated with vitamin E; MCP-1 was decreased in all vitamin E-treated groups (P<0.05); the decreased iNOS only appeared in the group of high temperature with vitamin E treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#High temperature and PM could aggravate the inflammation of COPD rats. As an antioxidant, vitamin E may protect the lung from the damage effects.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chemokine CCL2 , Metabolism , Hot Temperature , Lung , Male , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II , Metabolism , Particulate Matter , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Drug Therapy , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism , Vitamin E , Pharmacology
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760635

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The leaves of Moringa oleifera (MO) and Moringa stenopetala (MS) commonly grown in Ethiopia possess potential nutritional and medicinal value. The aim of this study was to evaluate the nutritional and functional characteristics of the dried leaf powder from two Moringa species to develop sustainable nutritional supplements for Ethiopians from locally grown plant sources. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Freshly harvested and air-dried MO and MS leaves were authenticated and the nutritional contents, such as protein, ash, lipids, and selected vitamins and minerals, were analyzed using standard analytical procedures. Amino acid compositions were also determined by an amino acid analyzer. Nine-week-old mice were randomly divided into four groups to investigate the anti-obesity effects of Moringa. The first group was fed a basal diet, the second group a high-fat diet, and the others were fed a high-fat diet containing 0.1% Moringa leaf powder from each species. After seven weeks, serum indices related to lipid profiles from each mouse were analyzed. RESULTS: The present study revealed high protein (28–29%) and ash (7–11%) contents. Glutamic acid, aspartic acid, proline, and leucine were the most abundantly found amino acids in both species. The predominant minerals in the leaf powder were calcium (826–1,530 mg/100 g), potassium (794–904 mg/100 g), and magnesium (286-431 mg/100 g). Pyridoxine (475.06 mg/100 g) and vitamin E (34.2 mg/100 g) were found only in MS. Niacin was found only in MO at 32.21 mg/100 g, whereas ascorbic acid was found in both species (3.89 and 6.19 mg/100 g dry weight for MO and MS, respectively). The results of the animal study showed that mice on a high-fat diet containing 0.1% MO leaf powder alleviated the elevation of cholesterol, triglycerides, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol induced by the high fat diet. MO was more effective than MS in preventing hypercholesterolemia and fat deposition. CONCLUSIONS: The findings in this work confirmed that Moringa leaves of both MO and MS possessed high nutritional value but MO was better at preventing the harmful effects of the high-fat diet than MS.


Subject(s)
Amino Acids , Animals , Ascorbic Acid , Aspartic Acid , Calcium , Cholesterol , Diet , Diet, High-Fat , Ethiopia , Glutamic Acid , Hypercholesterolemia , Leucine , Lipoproteins , Magnesium , Mass Screening , Mice , Minerals , Miners , Moringa oleifera , Moringa , Niacin , Nutritive Value , Plants , Potassium , Proline , Pyridoxine , Triglycerides , Vitamin E , Vitamins
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL