Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 408
Filter
1.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(2): 91-99, ago. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348398

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Describir el tratamiento endodóncico de cuatro casos clínicos de reabsorción radicular desarrollada durante o tras un tratamiento ortodóncico. Casos clínicos: Después de la preparación y la desinfección de los conductos radiculares, estos fueron obturados por un tiempo prudencial con una medicación intraconducto de hidróxido de calcio, que luego fue reemplazada por MTA. Luego de un período de entre uno y cuatro años, según el caso, los tratamientos fueron evaluados clínica y radiográficamente. Los dientes que debieron ser extraídos fueron analizados histológicamente. Según la evolución clínica y radiográfica de los casos presentados, el uso inicial de hidróxido de calcio y su posterior reemplazo por MTA parecería ser un protocolo adecuado para completar el proceso de reparación de los tejidos apicales y perirradiculares en casos de reabsorciones radiculares provocadas por fuerzas ortodóncicas excesivas. Las enfermedades sistémicas deben ser tenidas en cuenta para la elección de la terapéutica (AU)


Aim: To describe the endodontic treatment of four clinical cases of permanent teeth suffering root resorption during or after orthodontic treatment. Clinical cases: Four clinical cases of permanent teeth with root resorption were endodontically treated. After the root canals were prepared and disinfected, they were medicated with calcium hydroxide. After an appropriate observation period, the canals were finally filled with MTA. The treatment outcomes were clinically and radiographically assessed at an interval between one to four years according to the clinical case. The histological findings of teeth that required extraction was also described. Our clinical and radiographic observations suggest that a temporary filling with calcium hydroxide and further obturation with MTA can provide a favorable intracanal environment for apical and periradicular tissue reparation. The clinician needs a full medical history to be aware of the systemic diseases in patients with root resorption that will be of importance for the proper selection of treatment (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Adolescent , Orthodontics, Corrective/adverse effects , Root Canal Filling Materials , Root Resorption , Calcium Hydroxide , Periapical Tissue , Wound Healing/physiology , Clinical Protocols , Treatment Outcome , Tooth, Nonvital/diagnostic imaging
2.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 28(1): 23-29, jan./mar. 2021. il.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1368354

ABSTRACT

Na procura por material alternativo no tratamento de feridas cutâneas, buscou-se com este estudo avaliar o comportamento da túnica vaginal canina conservada em glicerina a 98% como curativo biológico no tratamento de feridas cutâneas provocadas experimentalmente em ratos. Foram utilizados 16 ratos Wistar, nos quais foram induzidas experimentalmente duas lesões cutâneas na região dorsal, sendo uma cranial e a outra caudal. Uma ferida serviu de controle, a qual não recebeu tratamento, a outra recebeu a túnica vaginal recobrindo toda extensão da lesão. A seleção de qual das feridas, cranial ou caudal, iria receber a membrana foi feita de forma aleatória. Os animais foram distribuídos em quatro grupos de igual número para análises clínicas, macroscópicas e histológicas decorridos três, sete, 14 e 21 dias de pós-operatório. Na avaliação clínica e macroscópica pode-se observar que o processo de reparação teve evolução semelhante tanto no grupo controle quanto no grupo membrana. Na análise histopatológica foi constatada grande quantidade de infiltrado inflamatório nos períodos iniciais, no entanto, decorridos 21 dias, a epiderme já se encontrava reparada, e em todos os momentos foi observada maior presença de tecido conjuntivo no grupo membrana, sugerindo maior precocidade na cicatrização. Deste modo, concluiu-se que a túnica vaginal canina pode ser utilizada como nova alternativa no tratamento de feridas cutâneas.


In the search for alternative material in the treatment of cutaneous wounds, this study aimed to evaluate the behavior of canine vaginal tunic conserved in glycerin 98% as a biological dressing in the treatment of cutaneous wounds provoked experimentally in rats. Sixteen animals were used in which two cutaneous lesions were caused in the dorsal region, one cranial and the other caudal. One wound served as a control which did not receive treatment, the other received the vaginal tunic covering all extension of the lesion. The selection of which of the wounds, cranial or caudal, would receive the membrane was made at random. The animals were divided into four groups of equal numbers for clinical, macroscopic, and histological analyzes after three, seven, 14 and 21 postoperative days. In the clinical and macroscopic evaluation, it can be observed that the healing process had similar evolution in both the control group and the membrane group. In the histopathological analysis, a large amount of inflammatory infiltrate was observed in the initial periods; however, after 21 days the epidermis was already healed, and at all times a greater presence of connective tissue was observed in the membrane group, suggesting a greater precocity in healing. Thus, it was concluded that the canine vaginal tunic can be used as a new alternative in the treatment of cutaneous wounds.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Wound Healing/physiology , Biological Dressings/veterinary , Rats, Wistar/injuries , Wounds and Injuries/therapy , Biocompatible Materials/therapeutic use
3.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 64(1): 13-17, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248251

ABSTRACT

Se presenta un caso clínico de fractura radicular del tercio medio, de pieza 2.1 con desplazamiento de los cabos de fractura. Es tratado con un novedoso procedimiento terapéutico, mediante la utilización de un biomaterial de tercera generación osteoconductor, osteogénico y osteoinductor. Se obtiene la reparación del tejido conectivo interproximal y la formación de tejido calcificado (AU)


We present a clinical case of root fracture of the middle third, piece 2.1 with displacement of the fracture ends. It is treated with a novel therapeutic procedure, using a thirdgeneration osteoconductive, osteogenic and osteoinductive biomaterial. Interproximal connective tissue repair and calcified tissue formation are obtained (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Tooth Fractures/therapy , Tooth Root/injuries , Biocompatible Materials , Regenerative Endodontics/methods , Osteogenesis , Root Canal Obturation/instrumentation , Tooth Root/diagnostic imaging , Wound Healing/physiology , Dental Fistula/radiotherapy , Dentition, Permanent
4.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(6): 1700-1706, Dec. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134501

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The treatment of chronic wounds has become a public health issue in recent years mainly due to comorbidities associated with an older population and bacterial resistance. Honey has emerged as an alternative treatment for chronic wounds but lack of knowledge of its mechanism of actionin the treated tissue and low quality of evidence in clinical triads has distanced the medical community from honey as a possible treatment. One of the main processes that is altered in chronic wounds is re-epithelialization mediated by keratinocytes, where proliferation and migration processes are altered. Markers of proliferation, migration and activation of keratinocytes, such as adhesion molecules, growth factors, membrane receptors, signal translating proteins, transcription factors, microRNAs, among others are deregulated in this process. In general, honeys from different floral origins have a positive effect on markers of proliferation and migration in keratinocytes. In conclusion there are still few studies that focus on the molecular action of honey in keratinocytes and fail to report details on the honey used not allowing to achieve the same results.


RESUMEN: El tratamiento de heridas crónicas (HC) se ha vuelto un tema de salud pública en los últimos años, principalmente debido a comorbilidades asociadas a una población de mayor edad y a la resistencia bacteriana. La miel ha surgido como un tratamiento alternativo para HC pero la falta de conocimiento de su mecanismo de acción en el tejido tratado y de la baja calidad de la evidencia en triadas clínicas, ha distanciado a la comunidad médica de la miel como posible tratamiento. Uno de los principales procesos que se ve alterado en las HC es la re-epitelización mediada por queratinocitos, donde se ven alterados los procesos de proliferación y migración. Marcadores de proliferación, migración y activación de queratinocitos, como moléculas de adhesión, factores de crecimiento, receptores de membrana, proteínas traductores de señales, factores de transcripción, microARNs, entre otras, se ven desreguladas en éste proceso. De manera general las mieles de diferentes orígenes florales tienen un efecto positivo en marcadores de proliferación y migración en queratinocitos. En conclusión aún existen pocos estudios que se enfoquen en la acción molecular de la miel en queratinocitos y los pocos que existen fallan en la entrega de información en relación a la miel utilizada que pueda hacer reproducibles los resultados.


Subject(s)
Wound Healing/physiology , Keratinocytes/physiology , Re-Epithelialization/physiology , Honey , Wound Healing/genetics , MicroRNAs/physiology , MicroRNAs/genetics , Re-Epithelialization/genetics
5.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 108(2): 68-74, mayo-ago. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121446

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Presentar la respuesta clínica a largo plazo del tratamiento de un granuloma periférico de células gigantes en un implante oseointegrado en el maxilar inferior. Caso clínico: Un paciente de 60 años, de sexo masculino, sin antecedentes sistémicos, concurrió por una lesión con márgenes definidos, de color rojizo morado y consistencia blanda sobre los tejidos blandos en la cara vestibular de un implante colocado en zona de 46. Se realizó la escisión quirúrgica de la lesión, se procesó el tejido extirpado y se envió al laboratorio. El estudio anatomopatológico confirmó el diagnóstico de granuloma periférico de células gigantes. La lesión recidivó dos veces. En la tercera extirpación se realizó la implantoplastía de la superficie del implante. La cicatrización no presentó inconvenientes. Hasta el último control, a los 5 años, no volvió a haber recidiva. Conclusión: En este caso clínico, se logró mantener la salud periimplantaria durante 5 años luego de la eliminación de un granuloma periférico de células gigantes. No obstante, este tuvo que ser removido en tres oportunidades debido a la alta recidiva (AU)


Aim: To evaluate the long-term clinical response to the treatment of a peripheral giant cell granuloma in an osseointegrated implant in the lower jaw. Clinical case: A 60-year-old male patient, with no systemic medical problems, presented a soft tissue lesion located at the buccal aspect of an implant placed in the 46 area. The lesion had defined reddish-purple margins and soft consistency. Surgical excision of the lesion was performed, processed and sent to the laboratory. The histopathology confirmed the diagnosis of peripheral giant cell granuloma. The lesion recurred twice. During the third surgical removal an mplantoplasty of the implant surface was performed. The healing was uneventful and there was no recurrence until the last control at 5 years. Conclusion: In this clinical case, perimplantar gingival health was maintained for 5 years after the surgical removal of a giant cell peripheral granuloma. However, it had to be removed three times, demonstrating a high recurrence (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Granuloma, Giant Cell/surgery , Granuloma, Giant Cell/etiology , Dental Implants/adverse effects , Argentina , Recurrence , Schools, Dental , Wound Healing/physiology , Biopsy , Follow-Up Studies , Oral Surgical Procedures
6.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(3): 827-835, May-June, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1129486

ABSTRACT

O colágeno é sintetizado e segregado no espaço extracelular e organizados em fibrilas estriadas de acordo com o tipo de tecido. Utilizaram-se 24 coelhos brancos da raça Nova Zelândia, com idade de 12 meses e com 3,0kg de peso corporal, para avaliar a porcentagem de colágeno das feridas cutâneas tratadas com plasma rico em plaquetas de equino e pomada contendo gentamicina, sulfanilamida, sulfadiazina, ureia e vitamina A. Os animais foram separados em quatro grupos de igual número e submetidos à remoção de pele na região das linhas médias dorsal torácica (feridas tratadas) e lombar (feridas controle). As feridas torácicas foram tratadas com plasma rico em plaqueta de equino e pomada contendo gentamicina, sulfanilamida, sulfadiazina, ureia e vitamina A, e as do grupo controle somente com a pomada. Dos animais do grupo I, foi coletado tecido cutâneo, para a avaliação histológica e a ultraestrutural, com três dias de pós-operatório; dos animais do grupo II, com sete dias; do grupo III, com 14 dias; e do grupo IV, com 21 dias. Decorrido o período de avaliação de cada grupo, foi coletado fragmento de pele para avaliação da porcentagem de colágeno, bem como do diâmetro e da densidade da fibrila de colágeno por microscopia eletrônica de transmissão. O tratamento com PRP de equino associado à aplicação tópica da pomada mostrou-se eficaz na maturação das fibrilas colágenas e na antecipação do processo cicatricial.(AU)


Collagen is synthesized and secreted into the extracellular space and organized into striated fibrils according to the tissue type. This study evaluated the concentration of collagen in rabbit skin wounds treated with equine platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and ointment containing gentamicin, sulfanilamide, sulfadiazine, urea, and vitamin A. Twenty-four New Zealand white rabbits aged 2 to 12 months and weighing 3.0kg were included. The animals were allocated equally into four groups and the skin was removed from the thoracic dorsal midline (treated wound) and lumbar (control wound) regions. The thoracic wounds were treated with equine PRP and ointment containing gentamicin, sulfanilamide, sulfadiazine, urea, and vitamin A, and the control group was treated with the ointment alone. For histological and ultrastructural assessment, cutaneous tissue was collected on postoperative days 3 (group I), 7 (group II), 14 (group III), and 21 (group IV). After the evaluation period, in each group, a skin fragment was collected for analysis of the collagen concentration, as well as the collagen fibril diameter and density by transmission electron microscopy. The results indicated that treatment with equine PRP combined with topical application of the ointment was effective in facilitating the maturation of collagen fibrils and the wound healing process.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Wound Healing/physiology , Wounds and Injuries/rehabilitation , Wounds and Injuries/veterinary , Collagen/ultrastructure , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Sulfadiazine/administration & dosage , Sulfanilamides/administration & dosage , Urea/administration & dosage , Vitamin A/administration & dosage , Gentamicins/administration & dosage , Horses
7.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(2): 396-404, Mar./Apr. 2020. ilus, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1128325

ABSTRACT

A criocirurgia tem sido utilizada no tratamento de diferentes enfermidades de sistemas e órgãos. Contudo, são relatados efeitos adversos, como cicatrização lenta, cicatrizes extensas, disfunção estética e funcional. As lesões que ocorrem naturalmente pela exposição ao frio extremo, comumente, resultam em gangrena. O presente trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar a influência das células-tronco mesenquimais de origem adiposa (ADSCs) na fase de proliferação da cicatrização de feridas cutâneas. Por meio da aplicação do nitrogênio líquido pela técnica do spray aberto, realizou-se a indução de uma ferida, de aproximadamente 15mm de diâmetro, na região dorsal de cada rato. A ferida recebeu o tratamento de acordo com o grupo ao qual pertencia: 1) aplicação das ADSCs no 15º dia (grupo tratado); 2) aplicação da solução cloreto de sódio 0,9% no 15º dia (grupo sham); 3) nenhuma intervenção até o momento da eutanásia (grupo controle). O grupo tratado com as ADSCs apresentou as maiores taxas de contração média das feridas e obteve diferença estatisticamente significativa em relação ao grupo sham quanto à neovascularização. A terapia com as ADSCs proporcionou uma relevante evolução clínica das feridas, podendo ser constatada ao final do período de avaliação por cicatrizes mais estreitas e compridas.(AU)


Cryosurgery has been used to treat different diseases of systems and organs, although adverse effects have been reported such as delayed wound healing, large scars, esthetical deformation and functional impairment. Injuries caused naturally by the exposure to extreme cold weather conditions mostly result in gangrene. This study aims to evaluate the influence of adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) in the proliferation phase on cutaneous wound healing. Through the application of liquid nitrogen by the spraying technique, a 15 millimeter diameter lesion was produced in the dorsal region of each rat. The wound received treatment according to the group it belonged: 1) ADSCs application on the 15th day (treated group); 2) application of 0.9% sodium chloride solution on the 15th day (sham group); 3) no intervention until euthanasia (control group). The group treated with ADSCs showed the highest wound average contraction rate; this group got a significant statistical difference in relation to the sham group when it refers to neovascularization. The ADSCs therapy provides an important clinical evolution of wounds. This was verified at the end of the evaluation period through narrower and longer scars.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Wound Healing/physiology , Burns/veterinary , Cryosurgery/veterinary , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Wounds and Injuries/therapy , Rats, Wistar , Cooling Agents , Cold-Shock Response
8.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 108(1): 19-24, ene.-abr. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1096713

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Presentar la terapia regenerativa como una al- ternativa para la resolución de un caso de traumatismo denta- rio en un diente permanente incompletamente desarrollado. Caso clínico: Se realizó el tratamiento de un incisivo central superior con mortificación pulpar y periodontitis api- cal aguda subsecuente a trauma dental en un paciente de 8 años de edad. Se aplicó el protocolo de regeneración pulpar recomendado por la Asociación Americana de Endodoncia. Se estimuló la formación de un coágulo en el interior del con- ducto a partir de los tejidos periapicales, previa desinfección con la pasta triple antibiótica, y finalmente se colocó mineral trióxido agregado coronal a este. Se obtuvo así una matriz es- teril que permitió el crecimiento de nuevo tejido y se realiza- ron controles periódicos durante 4 años. Se constató silencio clínico. Radiográficamente, se observó la formación de tejido sobre las paredes del conducto y el cierre apical. Conclusión: La terapia regenerativa como alternativa de tratamiento, en este caso, permitió la disminución de la luz del conducto por el depósito de tejidos calcificados y el cierre del foramen apical, mejorando el pronóstico de la pieza dentaria (AU)


Aim: To present pulp regeneration therapy as an alter- native to resolve dental trauma in immature permanent teeth. Clinical case: We report a clinical case of an immature central superior incisor with pulp mortification and acute api- cal periodontitis subsequent to dental trauma, in an 8 year old patient. The pulp Regeneration protocol recommended by the American Endodontics Association was applied. We stimulated a clot formation inside the duct from periapical tissues and after disinfection with a mixture of three antibi- otics mineral trioxide aggregated was finally place coronal to the clot. Thus a sterile matrix was obtained that allowed new tissue's growth. Periodic check-up visits were carried out over a 4 years period. Clinical silence was observed. Tissue formation on duct walls and apical closure were radiograph- ically detected (AU) Conclusion: Regenerative therapy is an alternative for the treatment of immature permanent teeth, in ths clinical case it allowed the reduction of the width of the duct by the opposition of hard tissues and the closure of the apical fora- men improving the forecast of these teeth.


Subject(s)
Regeneration , Dentition, Permanent , Incisor/injuries , Periapical Periodontitis , Argentina , Root Canal Filling Materials/therapeutic use , Wound Healing/physiology , Tooth Injuries/complications , Dental Pulp Necrosis , Tooth Apex/growth & development , Dental Service, Hospital
9.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 993-1002, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880188

ABSTRACT

Wound biotherapy, represented by platelet concentrate derivatives, has attracted much attention. However, there are some different viewpoints due to the disunity of quality control of preparation, the ways of use, and so on. The members of the consensus writing group reviewed a large number of literatures, screened out high-quality evidence references, combined with the repeated discussion of experts in the field of wound repair to form a guiding consensus of experts, so as to guide medical personnel using enriched platelet treatment scientifically and standardly in wound repair.


Subject(s)
Blood Platelets/physiology , Consensus , Humans , Wound Healing/physiology
10.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 33(4): e1550, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152627

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: The use of probiotics positively modifies the composition and function of intestinal flora, improving the quality of intestinal anastomosis. Aim: To evaluate the impact of probiotic use on intestinal anastomosis of rats. Method: Thirty-six adult male Wistar rats (Rattus norvegicus albinus, Rodentia Mammalia) were used, with body weight ranging from 220-320 g. The animals were housed and acclimated individually in boxes receiving water and ration ad libitum. After initial acclimatization, the control group received perioperative ration ad libitum for 12 days (seven preoperatively and five postoperatively) associated with the maltodextrin formula at a dose of 250 mg/day in isocaloric and isovolumetric form. Likewise, the probiotic group received oral supplementation of probiotics dose of 250 mg/day, associated with isocaloric and isovolumetric diet. The probiotic chosen for this study was composed of strains (doses 1x109 CFU/g)12 Lactobacillus paracasei LPC-37, Bifidobacterium lactis HN0019, Lactobacillus rhamnosus HN001 and Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM. Probiotics or placebo were administered orally with the aid of a dosimeter spatula. Both groups underwent two colostomies, one in the right colon and the second in rectosigmoid, followed by reanastomosis with eight separate 6-0 mononylon stitches. The sacrifice took place on the fifth day. The parameters evaluated included tensile strength, histology and collagen densitometry. Results: The rate of intestinal fistula for the control and probiotic groups were, respectively, 22.22% and 11.11% (p=0.6581).Perioperative supplementation with probiotics increased collagen deposition of types I and III (p<0.0001), improved maximum traction force and maximum rupture force, p=0.0250 and p=0.0116 respectively, fibrosis area (p<0.0001), and area of the inflammatory infiltrate (p=0.0115). Conclusions: The use of probiotics had a positive impact on the quality of intestinal anastomosis.


RESUMO Racional: A utilização de probióticos modifica positivamente a composição e função da flora intestinal melhorando a qualidade da anastomose intestinal. Objetivo: Avaliar o impacto da utilização de probióticos na anastomose intestinal de ratos. Método: Foram utilizados 36 ratos Wistar (Rattus norvegicus albinus, Rodentia Mammalia), machos adultos, com peso corporal variando entre 220 e 320 g. Os animais foram alojados e aclimatados individualmente em caixas recebendo água e ração ad libitum. Após aclimatação inicial, o grupo controle recebeu perioperatoriamente ração ad libitum por 12 dias (sete no pré-operatório e cinco no pós-operatório) associado à fórmula de maltodextrina na dose de 250 mg/dia de forma isocalórica e isovolumétrica. Na semana que precedeu o procedimento cirúrgico (período de sete dias) e no pós-operatório (por cinco dias), os ratos do grupo estudo receberam suplementação via oral de probióticos dose de 250 mg/dia, associado à dieta isocalórica e isovolumétrica. O probiótico utilizado era composto pelas cepas (doses 1x109 UFC/g)12 Lactobacillus paracasei LPC-37, Bifidobacterium lactis HN0019, Lactobacillus rhamnosus HN001 e Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM. A administração de probiótico ou placebo foi realizada via oral, com auxílio de espátula com dosímetro. Os dois grupos foram submetidos à duas colostomias, uma em cólon direito e outra em retossigmóide, seguido de reanastomose com oito pontos separados de mononylon 6-0. O sacrifício ocorreu no quinto dia. Os parâmetros avaliados incluíram força tênsil, histologia e densitometria do colágeno. Resultados: A taxa de fístula intestinal para os grupos controle e probiótico foram, respectivamente, 22,22% e 11,11% (p=0.6581). A suplementação peroperatória com probióticos aumentou a deposição de colágeno dos tipos I e III (p<0.0001), melhorou a força máxima de tração e força máxima de ruptura, p=0,0250 e p= 0,0116 respectivamente, área de fibrose (p<0.0001), e área do infiltrado inflamatório (p=0.0115). Conclusões: A utilização de probióticos impactou positivamente na qualidade da anastomose intestinal.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Wound Healing/physiology , Probiotics , Lactobacillus rhamnosus , Intestines/surgery , Rats, Wistar , Lactobacillus acidophilus
11.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(4): 1234-1244, Dec. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040118

ABSTRACT

La cicatrización de la piel es un proceso complejo y organizado que involucra tres fases: inflamatoria, proliferativa y de remodelación. Es indispensable el análisis de este proceso biomolecularmente para investigar y proponer nuevas estrategias terapéuticas que mejoren la cicatrización o promuevan la regeneración. El objetivo de este proyecto fue analizar histológica y biomolecularmente mediante microespectroscopía infrarroja por transformada de Fourier (MFTIR) y su función de mapeo bioquímico, muestras de lesiones excisionales de piel, comparando los cambios morfológicos y espectroscópicos entre piel sana y piel cicatrizada. Se estandarizó un modelo de lesión excisional de piel en ratones hembra de la cepa NIH de 8 semanas de edad (n=16), provocando una herida excisional de 1 cm2. Se analizó piel sana (día 0) y cicatrizada (día 15 post-lesión) morfométrica, histológica y biomolecularmente mediante análisis fotográfico, técnica histológica y MFTIR con su función de mapeo. El análisis morfométrico demostró una reducción del área de la herida en un 87,6 % al día 15 post-lesión. Histológicamente, en la piel cicatrizada se evidenció un adelgazamiento de la epidermis y menor celularidad en la dermis, observándose la formación de tejido de granulación y fibras de colágena desorganizadas. Espectroscópicamente, se apreciaron cambios entre los dos grupos de estudio, principalmente en las bandas de lípidos y en la región de proteínas. El cálculo de las áreas bajo la curva y el mapeo bioquímico mostraron menor concentración de queratina y colágena en la piel cicatrizada, así como desorganización de las fibras de colágena. Se demostró la capacidad de la MFTIR para caracterizar de forma precisa los cambios biomoleculares en la cicatrización, entre ellos la cantidad de queratina, colágena, y el depósito y ordenamiento de las fibras de colágena asociadas a su maduración.


The skin cicatrization is a complex and organized process that involves three phases: inflammatory, proliferative, and remodeling. It is essential to analyze this process biomolecularly, in order to investigate and propose new therapeutic strategies that improve the healing or promote regeneration. The objective of this project was to analyze histological and biomolecularly through Fourier Transform infrared microspectroscopy (FTIRM) and its biochemical mapping function, samples of an excisional skin wound, comparing the morphological and spectroscopic changes between healthy skin and scarred skin. An excisional skin wound healing model was standardized using female, NIH strain 8-week-old mice (n = 16), provoking an excisional wound of 1 cm2. Healthy skin (day 0) and scarring skin (day 15 post-injury) were morphometrical, histological, and biomolecularly analyzed by digital picture analysis, histological technique, and FTIRM with its mapping function. The morphometric analysis showed a reduction of the wound area of 87.6 % at day 15 after wound. Histologically, in the scarred skin a thinning of the epidermis was evidenced, besides reduced cellularity in the dermis, granulation tissue formation, and disorganized collagen fibers were observed. Spectroscopically, changes between the study groups were appreciated, mainly in the lipid bands and in the protein region. The calculation of the areas under the curve and the biochemical mapping showed a lower concentration of keratin and collagen in the scarred skin, as well as collagen fibers disorganization. The ability of the FTIRM to accurately characterize biomolecular changes in cicatrization process was demonstrated, such as the amount of keratin, collagen, and the deposition and ordering of the collagen fibers associated with their maturation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Mice , Skin/injuries , Wound Healing/physiology , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , Skin/pathology , Skin Physiological Phenomena , Disease Models, Animal
12.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(5): 916-924, Sept.-Dec. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040072

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective This study aims to investigate the association of filamin A with the function and morphology of prostate cancer (PCa) cells, and explore the role of filamin A in the development of PCa, in order to analyze its significance in the evolvement of PCa. Materials and Methods A stably transfected cell line, in which filamin A expression was suppressed by RNA interference, was first established. Then, the effects of the suppression of filamin A gene expression on the biological characteristics of human PCa LNCaP cells were observed through cell morphology, in vitro cell growth curve, soft agar cloning assay, and scratch test. Results A cell line model with a low expression of filamin A was successfully constructed on the basis of LNCaP cells. The morphology of cells transfected with plasmid pSilencer-filamin A was the following: Cells were loosely arranged, had less connection with each other, had fewer tentacles, and presented a fibrous look. The growth rate of LNCap cells was faster than cells transfected with plasmid pSilencer-filamin A (P <0.05). The clones of LNCap cells in the soft agar cloning assay was significantly fewer than that of cells stably transfected with plasmid pSilencer-filamin A (P <0.05). Cells stably transfected with plasmid pSilencer-filamin A presented with a stronger healing and migration ability compared to LNCap cells (healing rate was 32.2% and 12.1%, respectively; P <0.05). Conclusion The expression of the filamin A gene inhibited the malignant development of LNCap cells. Therefore, the filamin A gene may be a tumor suppressor gene.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Filamins/analysis , Filamins/physiology , Plasmids , Prostatic Neoplasms/genetics , Tetrazolium Salts , Time Factors , Wound Healing/physiology , Transfection/methods , Cells, Cultured , Blotting, Western , Colorimetry/methods , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Filamins/genetics , Formazans
13.
Rev. Círc. Argent. Odontol ; 78(228): 12-17, ago. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1123176

ABSTRACT

De acuerdo con la tendencia mundial, el número de personas de 60 años y más va en aumento. Este crecimiento demográfico de la población, el aumento de las expectativas de vida de las personas y la tendencia a la disminución de pacientes edéntulos, produce una mayor demanda de procedimientos endodónticos en la población anciana. Es fundamental que el odontólogo conozca la fisiología del envejecimiento para poder abordar, en forma eficaz, el tratamiento en los pacientes pertenecientes a este grupo etario. Se ha descripto que los tejidos dentales sufren cambios a lo largo de la vida; entre ellos, la reducción del número de fibroblastos, de odontoblastos, de vasos sanguíneos y de fibras nerviosas; el aumento de fibras colágenas, de masas calcificadas, aposición de cemento, de dentina secundaria y de dentina de reparación. El objetivo del presente trabajo es realizar una revisión bibliográfica en relación a los cambios que presentan la pulpa dental, la dentina y el cemento, relacionados con el proceso de envejecimiento y sus posibles dificultades al momento de realizar el tratamiento endodóntico; sin olvidar cómo pueden inferir en el éxito del tratamiento las posibles patologías sistémicas que presentan los pacientes a consecuencia de la edad (AU)


According to the world trend, the number of people aged 60 and over is increasing. This demographic growth of the population, the increase in people's life expectancies and the tendency to decrease edentulous patients, produces a greater demand for endodontic procedures in the elderly population. It is essential that the dentist knows the physiology of aging to be able to effectively address the treatment in patients belonging to this age group. It has been described that dental tissues suffer changes throughout life, including the reduction of the number of fibroblasts, odontoblasts, blood vessels and nerve fibers; the increase of collagen fibers, calcified masses, apposition of cement, secondary dentin and repair dentin. The objective of the present work is to carry out a bibliographic review in relation to the changes that the dental pulp, dentine and cement have in relation to the aging process and its possible consequences in the endodontic treatment; without forgetting how it can infer in the success of the treatment the possible systemic pathologies that patients present as a result of age (AU)


Subject(s)
Root Canal Therapy/methods , Aging/physiology , Dental Care for Aged/methods , Dental Pulp/physiopathology , Quality of Life , Wound Healing/physiology , Chronic Disease , Age Factors , Dental Cementum/physiopathology , Dentin/physiopathology
14.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 60(1): 12-22, jul. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1119371

ABSTRACT

En la actualidad existe un nuevo paradigma en el tratamiento de piezas dentales con grandes lesiones periapicales. Ello tiene como principal propósito la conservación de dichas piezas, la regeneración de su sistema de inserción y hueso alveolar. Todo esto es posible gracias a la innovación científico-tecnológica que plantea como alternativa, la utilización de una terapéutica dinámica, mínimamente invasiva intralesional, destinada a erradicar los microorganismos que conforman el biofilm periapical e inducir la capacidad autorreparativa del sistema inmune mediante el uso de un biomaterial de tercera generación (Licon-D) (AU)


Currently there is a new paradigm in the treatment of dental pieces with large periapical lesions. The main purpose is the conservation of these pieces, the regeneration of their insertion system and alveolar bone. All this is possible thanks to the scientific and technological innovation that poses as an alternative, the use of a dynamic, minimally invasive intralesional therapy, designed to eradicate the microorganisms that make up the periapical biofilm and induce the autoreparative capacity of the immune system through the use of a third generation biomaterial (Licon-D) (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Periapical Diseases/therapy , Root Canal Filling Materials , Biocompatible Materials , Regeneration/physiology , Root Canal Therapy , Wound Healing/physiology , Treatment Outcome
15.
Fisioter. Pesqui. (Online) ; 26(2): 164-169, abr.-jun. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012148

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Nicotine delays the healing process and increases the levels of myeloperoxidase (MPO), an enzyme that plays a key role in the production of reactive oxygen species during the inflammatory process. Laser Photobiomodulation (PBM) is one of the most used electrophysical agents in the treatment of the calcaneal tendon, however, its effects on MPO activity need to be further elucidated. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of laser PBM on MPO activity after inflicting an injury to the calcaneal tendon of rats exposed to cigarette smoke. Thirty-four male Wistar rats with 90 days of age were used. After 14 days of exposure to cigarette smoke, the animals were divided into three experimental groups: control group (CG, n=12), not submitted to injury or treatment; sham group (ShG, n=10), submitted to partial calcaneal tendon injury and laser PBM simulation; and laser PBM group (PBMG, n=12), submitted to partial calcaneal tendon lesion and treated with laser PBM within the first minute after injury. PBM decreased MPO activity levels in PBMG compared to ShG (CG: 1.38±0.69pg/ml; ShG: 3.78±1.09pg/ml; PBMG: 2.58±0.93pg/ml; p<0.005). In conclusion, applying laser PBM immediately after inflicting damage to the calcaneal tendon attenuates acute inflammatory activity in rats exposed to cigarette smoke.


RESUMO A nicotina retarda o processo de cicatrização e eleva os níveis da enzima mieloperoxidase (MPO), a qual possui um papel fundamental na produção de espécies reativas de oxigênio durante o processo inflamatório. A fotobiomodulação laser (FBM) é um dos agentes eletrofísicos mais utilizados no tratamento do tendão calcâneo, no entanto, os seus efeitos sobre a atividade da MPO carecem de maior elucidação. Este estudo objetivou avaliar os efeitos da FBM sobre a atividade da MPO, após lesão do tendão calcâneo em ratos expostos à fumaça de cigarro. Foram utilizados 34 ratos Wistar, machos, com 90 dias de vida. Após 14 dias de exposição à fumaça de cigarro, os animais foram divididos em três grupos experimentais: grupo controle (GC, n=12), não submetido à lesão ou tratamento; grupo sham (GSh, n=10), submetido à lesão parcial do tendão calcâneo e a simulação da FBM laser; grupo FBM laser (GFBM, n=12), submetido à lesão parcial do tendão calcâneo e tratados com FBM laser, no primeiro minuto após a lesão. A FBM diminuiu os níveis de atividade da MPO no GFBM em comparação ao GSh (GC: 1,38±0,69 pg/ml; GSh: 3,78±1,09pg/ml; GFBM: 2,58±0,93pg/ml; p<0,005). Conclui-se que a FBM laser aplicada imediatamente após lesão do tendão calcâneo, atenua a atividade inflamatória aguda em ratos expostos à fumaça de cigarro.


RESUMEN La nicotina retarda el proceso de cicatrización y eleva los niveles de la enzima mieloperoxidasa (MPO), que tiene un papel fundamental en la producción de especies reactivas de oxígeno durante el proceso inflamatorio. La fotobiomodulación con láser (FBM) es uno de los agentes electrofísicos más utilizados en el tratamiento del tendón calcáneo, sin embargo sus efectos sobre la actividad de la MPO carecen de mayor elucidación. Este estudio objetivó evaluar los efectos de la FBM sobre la actividad de la MPO después de lesión del tendón calcáneo en ratones expuestos al humo de cigarrillo. Se utilizaron 34 ratones Wistar, machos, con 90 días de vida. Después de 14 días de exposición al humo de cigarrillo, los animales fueron divididos en tres grupos experimentales: grupo de control (GC, n=12), no sometido a la lesión o tratamiento; grupo sham (GSh, n=10), sometido a la lesión parcial del tendón calcáneo y a la simulación de la FBM láser; y el grupo FBM láser (GFBM, n=12), sometido a la lesión parcial del tendón calcáneo y tratado con FBM láser, en el primer minuto después de la lesión. La FBM disminuyó los niveles de actividad de MPO en el GFBM en comparación con el GSh (GC: 1,38±0,69 pg/ml; GSh: 3,78±1,09pg/ml; GFBM: 2,58±0,93pg/ml, p<0,005). Se concluye que la FBM láser aplicada inmediatamente después de la lesión del tendón calcáneo atenúa la actividad inflamatoria aguda en ratones expuestos al humo de cigarrillo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Achilles Tendon/physiopathology , Tobacco Smoke Pollution/adverse effects , Low-Level Light Therapy , Tendinopathy/therapy , Wound Healing/physiology , Rats, Wistar , Models, Animal , Inflammation/physiopathology , Nicotine/adverse effects
16.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(1): 23-30, mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-990060

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Periodontium can submit changes that lead to loss of integrity, such as periodontal disease, immune disorders or traumatic brushing. One of the most common consequences resulting from these events is the apical migration of gingival marginal tissue. Among biomaterials used for periodontal tissue regeneration, fibrin matrices have received significant attention to correct gingival recessions. Five oral mucosa biopsies were extracted, fibroblasts were in vitro cultured and frozen in liquid nitrogen. Three 10 mL glass sterile tubes were filled with patient blood and centrifuged immediately; clots were extracted and compressed to obtain L-PRF membranes. Autologous oral mucosa fibroblasts were added to the membranes and surgical procedures were performed in five patients. L-PRF fibrin network pore size was too small to allow human fibroblasts penetration but they were firmly attached to membrane surface. Gingival fibroblasts from fresh cell culture and recently thawed were used to attach on the L-PRF membranes. It was possible to establish a protocol for blood collection, centrifugation, fibrin clot compression, fibroblast adhesion to the membrane surface and patient application in a relatively short time (1 hour-1 hour and 30 minutes). Two patients expressed pain symptoms and the other ones presented light swelling without pain. In the first week, adjacent tissue showed few inflammation signs. Research efforts are being conducted to develop more conservative surgical techniques and new biomaterials that can promote cellular proliferation. Because of its properties, L-PRF membranes represent a tempting alternative. A combined technique to treat adjacent recession defects with L-PRF membranes and autologous oral mucosa fibroblasts in a coronal displaced flap did not show initial advantage compared with a gold standard surgery that includes an autologous soft tissue graft. Nevertheless, it could be an alternative for clinical application as a new functional cell biomaterial. More clinical evidence is needed.


RESUMEN: El periodonto puede presentar cambios que conducen a la pérdida de integridad, como la enfermedad periodontal, los trastornos inmunes o el cepillado traumático. Una de las consecuencias más comunes que resultan de estos eventos es la migración apical del tejido marginal gingival. Entre los biomateriales utilizados para la regeneración del tejido periodontal, las matrices de fibrina han recibido una atención significativa para corregir las recesiones gingivales. Se extrajeron cinco biopsias de mucosa oral, los fibroblastos se cultivaron in vitro y se congelaron en nitrógeno líquido. Tres tubos de vidrio estériles de 10 ml se llenaron con sangre del paciente y se centrifugaron inmediatamente. Los coágulos fueron extraídos y comprimidos para obtener membranas de L-PRF. Se agregaron fibroblastos autólogos de mucosa oral a las membranas y se realizaron procedimientos quirúrgicos en cinco pacientes. El tamaño de poro de la red de fibrina L-PRF era demasiado pequeño para permitir la penetración de los fibroblastos humanos, pero estaban firmemente unidos a la superficie de la membrana. Se usaron fibroblastos gingivales de cultivos de células frescas y recientemente descongelados para unirlos a las membranas L-PRF. Fue posible establecer un protocolo para la extracción de sangre, centrifugación, compresión de coágulos de fibrina, adhesión de fibroblastos a la superficie de la membrana y aplicación al paciente en un tiempo relativamente corto (1 hora, 1 hora y 30 minutos). Dos pacientes expresaron síntomas de dolor y los otros presentaron hinchazón leve sin dolor. En la primera semana, el tejido adyacente mostró pocos signos de inflamación. Se están realizando esfuerzos de investigación para desarrollar técnicas quirúrgicas más conservadoras y nuevos biomateriales que puedan promover la proliferación celular. Debido a sus propiedades, las membranas L-PRF representan una alternativa tentadora. Una técnica combinada para tratar los defectos de recesión adyacentes con membranas de L-PRF y fibroblastos de mucosa oral autóloga en un colgajo coronal desplazado no mostró una ventaja inicial en comparación con una cirugía estándar que incluye un injerto de tejido blando autólogo. Sin embargo, podría ser una alternativa para la aplicación clínica como un nuevo biomaterial de células funcionales. Se necesita más evidencia clínica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Platelet-Rich Fibrin , Gingiva/transplantation , Gingival Recession/surgery , Transplantation, Autologous , Wound Healing/physiology , Biocompatible Materials , Biopsy , In Vitro Techniques , Periodontium , Guided Tissue Regeneration, Periodontal , Fibroblasts , Gingiva/cytology , Leukocytes
17.
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 25(1): 11-15, 20190000. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1358033

ABSTRACT

El conocimiento del proceso de cicatrización normal y patológica es fundamental para todas las especialidades médicas y quirúrgicas que tratan heridas agudas y crónicas, ya que del efecto de estos procesos dependerá el resultado final del tratamiento quirúrgico. En cada tejido y órgano dentro del organismo existen diferentes mecanismos que regulan la función y homeostasis celular, como sucede en el proceso de cicatrización, en donde participan y contribuyen una serie de fases y factores mediados por células y señales químicas. Una cicatrización aceptable es aquella que deja una adecuada cicatriz externa, devuelve la normalidad anatómica y funcional del tejido, con lo que se espera llegar a tener un resultado final con éxito; Sin embargo se debe entender que este proceso es complejo, y pueden también existir variantes anormales, determinadas por ciertos factores que intervienen para dar resultado a una cicatriz patológica, para lo cual existen diferentes tipos de tratamientos específicos y coadyuvantes para cada una de ellas. Objetivo: Conocer los conceptos actuales en el abordaje y tratamiento de la cicatrización normal y patológica, ofreciendo al cirujano una guía práctica basada en los fundamentos de las investigaciones científicas actuales. Material y métodos: Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica de artículos recientes acerca de cicatrización publicados entre 2010 a 2018, con alto nivel de evidencia


The knowledge of normal and pathological wound healing process is essential for all the medical and surgical specialties that treat acute and chronic wounds, because the final result will depend on the effect of these processes. In each tissue and organ within the organism there are different mechanisms that regulate cellular function and homeostasis, as in the wound healing process, where a series of phases and factors mediated by cells and chemical signals participate. Acceptable wound healing, although it leaves an external scar, restores the anatomical and functional homeostasis of the tissue,which is expected to have a successful result; However, it must be understood that this is a complex process, and therefore may also exist abnormal variants, determined by certain factors that lead to pathological wound healing, hence different types of treatments and coadjuvants therapies are available. Objective: Comprehend the current concepts in the approach and treatment of normal and pathological wound healing, offering the surgeon a practical guide based on state of the art evidence, Material and Methods: A literature review of recent articles published between 2010 and 2018 was carried out, with a high level of evidence


Subject(s)
Humans , Therapeutics/methods , Wound Healing/physiology , Wounds and Injuries/classification , Wounds and Injuries/etiology , Wounds and Injuries/therapy , Hemostasis
18.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 82(1): 78-84, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973874

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The transparency and maintenance of corneal epithelial integrity are essential for its optical properties and, to preserve these characteristics, the epithelium undergoes continuous renewal. This renewal depends on the control of cell proliferation and differentiation mediated by mitogenic factors responsible for increasing mitoses and stimulating cellular migration. Cell-cell communication plays a pivotal role in epithelial healing process, and several cytokines and growth factors are involved in this process. Understanding the cross-talk and paracrine effects of these cytokines and growth factors released can help in the search for new therapeutic strategies to treat ocular surface diseases.


RESUMO A transparência e a manutenção da integridade epitelial da córnea são essenciais para suas propriedades ópticas e, para preservar tais características, o epitélio sofre renovação contínua. Essa renovação depende do controle da proliferação e diferenciação celular mediadas por fatores mitogênicos responsáveis pelo aumento das mitoses e estímulo à migração celular. A comunicação célula-célula desempenha um papel fundamental no processo de cicatrização epitelial, e várias citocinas e fatores de crescimento estão envolvidos neste processo. Compreender os efeitos cruzados e paracrinos dessas citocinas e fatores de crescimento liberados pode ajudar na busca de novas estratégias terapêuticas para o tratamento de doenças da superfície ocular.


Subject(s)
Humans , Wound Healing/physiology , Epithelium, Corneal/physiology , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/therapeutic use , Cell Differentiation/physiology , Epithelium, Corneal/cytology , Corneal Diseases/therapy , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/physiology , Cell Proliferation/physiology , Epithelial Cells/physiology , Fibroblasts/physiology
19.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(1): 17-23, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-984055

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Most of traumatic tympanic membrane perforations have inverted or everted edges, however, the effects of inverted and everted edges on the spontaneous healing of the eardrum remain controversial. Objective: We investigated the influence of inverted or everted edges on the spontaneous healing of traumatic tympanic membrane perforations. Methods: The clinical records of patients with a traumatic tympanic membrane perforations who met the study criteria were retrieved and categorized into two groups, based on whether the eardrum was inverted or everted. The features along the edge of each inverted or everted eardrum were described using 30º and 70º endoscopes. Results: In total, 196 patients (196 ears) met the inclusion criteria; of these, 148 had inverted or everted eardrums while 48 did not. Of the 148 patients with inverted or everted eardrums, the perforation edges were everted in 77 patients, inverted in 44 patients, drooping in 17 patients, and both inverted and everted in 10 patients. The perforation shape was triangular in 18.9% of patients, sector-shaped in 11.5%, kidney-shaped in 14.2%, ovoid in 20.3%, and irregularly shaped in 35.1% of patients. The difference was not significant between the with and without inverted/everted eardrum edges groups in terms of the closure rate or closure time. Similarly, the difference was not significant between the with and without edge approximation groups in terms of the closure rate or closure time at the end of the 12-month follow-up period. Conclusion: This study suggests that endoscopic inspection can clearly identify inverted/everted eardrum edges using 30º and 70º endoscopes. The edge is glossy in inverted/everted eardrums, whereas the edge is rough and irregular in non-inverted/everted cases. The inverted/everted eardrums gradually became necrotic, but this did not affect the healing process. Additionally, edge approximation did not improve the healing outcome of traumatic tympanic membrane perforations.


Resumo Introdução: A maioria das perfurações de membrana timpânica traumáticas apresenta bordas invertidas ou evertidas; no entanto, os efeitos dessas configurações sobre a cicatrização espontânea do tímpano continuam a ser uma questão controversa. Objetivo: Investigar a influência de bordas invertidas ou evertidas sobre a cicatrização espontânea de perfurações traumáticas de membrana timpânica. Método: Os prontuários clínicos de pacientes com perfuração traumática de membrana timpânica que preencheram os critérios do estudo foram recuperados e categorizados em dois grupos, baseados na configuração invertida ou evertida das bordas da membrana timpânica. As características de configuração da borda de cada membrana foram descritas com o uso de endoscópios de 30º e 70º. Resultados: No total, 196 pacientes (196 orelhas) preencheram os critérios de inclusão; desses, 148 apresentavam bordas de membranas timpânicas invertidas ou evertidas, enquanto 48 não. Dos 148 pacientes, as bordas da perfuração estavam evertidas em 77 pacientes, invertidas em 44 pacientes, caídas em 17 pacientes e ambas invertidas e evertidas em 10 pacientes. O formato da perfuração era triangular em 18,9% dos pacientes, em forma de fatia de pizza em 11,5%, em forma de rim em 14,2%, ovoide em 20,3% e de forma irregular em 35,1% dos pacientes. A diferença não foi significante entre os grupos com e sem membrana timpânica invertida/evertida em termos de taxa ou tempo de fechamento. Da mesma forma, a diferença não foi significativa entre os grupos com e sem aproximação das bordas em termos de taxa de fechamento ou tempo de fechamento no fim do período de seguimento de 12 meses. Conclusões: Este estudo sugere que a avaliação com endoscópios de 30º e 70º pode identificar claramente as bordas invertidas/evertidas das perfurações de membranas timpânicas. A borda da perfuração timpânica em casos invertidos/evertidos é brilhante, enquanto a borda é áspera e irregular em casos não invertidos/evertidos. O rebordo timpânico invertido/evertido gradualmente torna-se necrótico, mas isso não afetou o processo de cicatrização. Além disso, a aproximação das bordas não melhorou o resultado da cicatrização.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Tympanic Membrane/pathology , Tympanic Membrane Perforation/pathology , Remission, Spontaneous , Time Factors , Tympanic Membrane/injuries , Tympanic Membrane/diagnostic imaging , Wound Healing/physiology , Tympanic Membrane Perforation/diagnostic imaging , Sex Distribution , Otoscopy/methods
20.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(6): e201900608, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019267

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose To analyze the resistance to medial traction of abdominal wall muscles, before and after performing relaxing incisions. Methods Seventeen live pigs were used. After a median laparotomy, the handles were made in the rectus abdominis muscles (RAM) to fit the dynamometer. Step 1 (control phase): tensile strength measured without performing relaxant incisions. Step 2: A curvilinear relaxant incision was made on the anterior blade of the right RAM sheath and then the tensile strength was measured by the edge of the wound. The same procedure was adopted after incision of the left posterior blade. Step 3: Relaxing incisions were made in the right posterior and left anterior blade, so that both sides were left with a relaxing incision on both blades. Measurements of resistance were performed. Results There was no statistically significant difference between the sides. On the right and left side, all treatments reduced the tensile strength when compared to each other and to the control. There was a reduction of 12% and 9.8% after incision of the anterior and posterior blade, respectively. Conclusion Relaxing incisions reduced tensile strength in the ventral abdominal wall.


Subject(s)
Animals , Tensile Strength/physiology , Abdominal Muscles/surgery , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Laparotomy/methods , Swine , Wound Healing/physiology , Suture Techniques , Abdominal Muscles/physiology
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL