Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 116
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1644-1654, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981160

ABSTRACT

To explore the effect of Mlk3 (mixed lineage kinase 3) deficiency on blood pressure, Mlk3 gene knockout (Mlk3KO) mice were generated. Activities of sgRNAs targeted Mlk3 gene were evaluated by T7 endonuclease I (T7E1) assay. CRISPR/Cas9 mRNA and sgRNA were obtained by in vitro transcription, microinjected into zygote, followed by transferring into a foster mother. Genotyping and DNA sequencing confirmed the deletion of Mlk3 gene. Real- time PCR (RT-PCR), Western blotting or immunofluorescence analysis showed that Mlk3KO mice had an undetectable expression of Mlk3 mRNA or Mlk3 protein. Mlk3KO mice exhibited an elevated systolic blood pressure compared with wild-type mice as measured by tail-cuff system. Immunohistochemistry and Western blotting analysis showed that the phosphorylation of MLC (myosin light chain) was significantly increased in aorta isolated from Mlk3KO mice. Together, Mlk3KO mice was successfully generated by CRISPR/Cas9 system. MLK3 functions in maintaining blood pressure homeostasis by regulating MLC phosphorylation. This study provides an animal model for exploring the mechanism by which Mlk3 protects against the development of hypertension and hypertensive cardiovascular remodeling.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Mice, Knockout , CRISPR-Cas Systems , Blood Pressure , Gene Knockout Techniques , Zygote
2.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 490-512, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939864

ABSTRACT

LIN28 is an RNA binding protein with important roles in early embryo development, stem cell differentiation/reprogramming, tumorigenesis and metabolism. Previous studies have focused mainly on its role in the cytosol where it interacts with Let-7 microRNA precursors or mRNAs, and few have addressed LIN28's role within the nucleus. Here, we show that LIN28 displays dynamic temporal and spatial expression during murine embryo development. Maternal LIN28 expression drops upon exit from the 2-cell stage, and zygotic LIN28 protein is induced at the forming nucleolus during 4-cell to blastocyst stage development, to become dominantly expressed in the cytosol after implantation. In cultured pluripotent stem cells (PSCs), loss of LIN28 led to nucleolar stress and activation of a 2-cell/4-cell-like transcriptional program characterized by the expression of endogenous retrovirus genes. Mechanistically, LIN28 binds to small nucleolar RNAs and rRNA to maintain nucleolar integrity, and its loss leads to nucleolar phase separation defects, ribosomal stress and activation of P53 which in turn binds to and activates 2C transcription factor Dux. LIN28 also resides in a complex containing the nucleolar factor Nucleolin (NCL) and the transcriptional repressor TRIM28, and LIN28 loss leads to reduced occupancy of the NCL/TRIM28 complex on the Dux and rDNA loci, and thus de-repressed Dux and reduced rRNA expression. Lin28 knockout cells with nucleolar stress are more likely to assume a slowly cycling, translationally inert and anabolically inactive state, which is a part of previously unappreciated 2C-like transcriptional program. These findings elucidate novel roles for nucleolar LIN28 in PSCs, and a new mechanism linking 2C program and nucleolar functions in PSCs and early embryo development.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Cell Differentiation , Embryo, Mammalian/metabolism , Embryonic Development , Pluripotent Stem Cells/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/genetics , RNA, Ribosomal , RNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Transcription Factors/metabolism , Zygote/metabolism
3.
Afr. j. reprod. health ; 26(6): 1-16, 2022. tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1382379

ABSTRACT

Research around the world has indicated that the demand for egg donation has grown considerably among young females. This study qualitatively examines the knowledge, experiences, and motivations of young egg donors at a Nigerian health facility. Indepth interviews were conducted in Igbo and English with consenting thirty-one egg donors attending a fertility clinic in Anambra State, south-eastern Nigeria. Data were collected and analysed to generate themes with the aid of NVivo 10 software. Three themes were identified from the participants' motivations and include (a) monetary (93.6%), (b) altruistic (3.2%), and (c) both monetary and altruistic reasons (3.2%). Findings highlighted that the differences were based on a variety of reasons in Nigeria. All the participants were literate and single, and the majority received payment. The majority (77.4%) of those who received payment mentioned that the payment was not worth the donation program. The participants preferred to be anonymous because they had not discussed their donation with their family members, and the non-acceptance of egg donation program by the Nigerian society. Given that the market for egg donation has become a common method of infertility management in Nigeria, our findings have important implications for practices, policy actions, and future research. (Afr J Reprod Health 2022; 26[6]:64-79).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Zygote , Young Adult , Demography , Infertility, Female , Motivation
4.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(1): 256-260, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1153048

ABSTRACT

As vantagens dos animais transgênicos têm sido demonstradas em diferentes aplicações, entretanto muitas metodologias usadas para gerar animais geneticamente modificados (GM) apresentam baixas taxas de eficiência. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a entrega dos vetores lentivirais (VLs) em zigotos durante a fertilização in vitro (FIV), para gerar embriões GM, com o gene da proteína verde fluorescente (GFP) ou do fator IX de coagulação humana (FIX). Vetores lentivirais com os genes GFP (pLGW-GFP-LV) ou FIX (pLWE2-FIX-LV) foram utilizados na FIV ou na cultura de embriões in vitro (CIV). A coincubação de pLWE2-FIX-LV com espermatozoides e complexos oócitos-células do cumulus (COCs) durante a FIV diminuiu (P<0,05) as taxas de clivagem e de blastocistos, enquanto com pLGW-GFP-LV diminuiu (P<0,05) a taxa de blastocisto quando se comparou ao controle sem VL. A coincubação de pLWE2-FIX-LV e pLGW-GFP-LV com presumíveis zigotos durante a CIV não afetou (P>0,05) o desenvolvimento embrionário. A expressão da proteína GFP não foi detectada em embriões após a coincubação de FIV ou CIV, embora as células do cumulus expressassem a proteína até o dia oito de cultivo in vitro. Reações em cadeia da polimerase (PCR) não detectaram os genes GFP ou FIX em embriões, mas ambos foram detectados em células do cumulus. Assim, a coincubação de VL com espermatozoide bovino e COCs não é eficaz para produzir embriões geneticamente modificados por meio de FIV.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Zygote , Animals, Genetically Modified/genetics , Transgenes , Embryo, Mammalian , Genetic Vectors/analysis , Fertilization in Vitro/veterinary , Gene Transfer Techniques/veterinary
5.
Laboratory Animal Research ; : 279-287, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718839

ABSTRACT

Placenta specific 8 (PLAC8, also known as ONZIN) is a multi-functional protein that is highly expressed in the intestine, lung, spleen, and innate immune cells, and is involved in various diseases, including cancers, obesity, and innate immune deficiency. Here, we generated a Plac8 knockout mouse using the CRISPR/Cas9 system. The Cas9 mRNA and two single guide RNAs targeting a region near the translation start codon at Plac8 exon 2 were microinjected into mouse zygotes. This successfully eliminated the conventional translation start site, as confirmed by Sanger sequencing and PCR genotyping analysis. Unlike the previous Plac8 deficient models displaying increased adipose tissue and body weights, our male Plac8 knockout mice showed rather lower body weight than sex-matched littermate controls, though the only difference between these two mouse models is genetic context. Differently from the previously constructed embryonic stem cell-derived Plac8 knockout mouse that contains a neomycin resistance cassette, this knockout mouse model is free from a negative selection marker or other external insertions, which will be useful in future studies aimed at elucidating the multi-functional and physiological roles of PLAC8 in various diseases, without interference from exogenous foreign DNA.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Mice , Adipose Tissue , Body Weight , Codon, Initiator , DNA , Exons , Intestines , Lung , Mice, Knockout , Neomycin , Obesity , Placenta , Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger , Spleen , Zygote
6.
International Journal of Stem Cells ; : 105-110, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739916

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) have the potential to treat various human disorders currently labeled as incurable and/or terminal illness. However, the fear that the patients' immune system would recognize them as non self and lead to an immune rejection has hampered their use. The main cause for immune rejection is usually the incompatibility of both donor and recipient's major histocompatibility complex (MHC). METHODS: We describe a hESC line developed through a patented technology that does not lead to immune reaction upon transplantation. We have transplanted these cells in >1,400 patients with chronic/terminal conditions and did not observe any immune reaction. No immunosuppressant were administered to these patients. We analyzed the expression levels of MHC-I and MHC-II on the surface of these hESCs using microarray technology. The gene targets for miRNA were analyzed using Gene ontology and DAVID database and pathways for these genes were determined using Reactome and Panther databases. RESULTS: Our results showed that the levels of expression of MHC-I and MHC-II on hESCs is almost negligible and thus the hESCs are less susceptible to an immune rejection. CONCLUSIONS: The hESCs cultured at our facility expresses low levels of MHC-I and do not produce an immune reaction. These can be administered universally and need no cross matching before transplantation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Line , Gene Ontology , Human Embryonic Stem Cells , Immune System , Major Histocompatibility Complex , MicroRNAs , Neurons , Tissue Donors , Zygote
7.
Journal of Menopausal Medicine ; : 196-203, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765746

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed to establish the most effective premature ovarian failure (POF) mouse model using Cyclophosphamide (CTX), busulfan (Bu), and cisplatin considering treatment duration of anticancer drugs and natural recovery time. METHODS: POF was induced by intraperitoneally injecting CTX (120 mg/kg)/Bu (12 mg/kg) for 1 to 4 weeks or cisplatin (2 mg/kg) for 3 to 14 days to C57BL/6 female mice aged 6 to 8 weeks. Controls were injected with equal volume of saline for the same periods. Body weight was measured every week, and ovarian and uterine weights were measured after the last injection of anticancer drug. To assess ovarian function, POF-induced mice were superovulated with pregnant mare serum gonadotropin and human chorionic gonadotropin, and then mated with male. After 18 hours, zygotes were retrieved and cultured for 4 days. Finally, the mice were left untreated for a period of times after the final injection of anticancer drug, and the time for natural recovery of ovarian function was evaluated. RESULTS: After 2 weeks of CTX/Bu injection, ovarian and uterine weights, and ovarian function were decreased sharply. Cisplatin treatment for 10 days resulted in a significant decrease in ovarian and uterine weight, and ovarian function. When POF was induced for at least 2 weeks for CTX/Bu and for at least 10 days for cisplatin, ovarian function did not recover naturally for 2 weeks and 1 week, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that CTX/Bu should be treated for at least 2 weeks and cisplatin for at least 10 days to establish the most effective primary ovarian insufficiency mouse model.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Male , Mice , Body Weight , Busulfan , Chorionic Gonadotropin , Cisplatin , Cyclophosphamide , Gonadotropins , Primary Ovarian Insufficiency , Weights and Measures , Zygote
8.
Obstetrics & Gynecology Science ; : 247-252, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713116

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To compare human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG)-administered natural cycle with spontaneous ovulatory cycle in patients undergoing frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FTET) in natural cycles. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, we analyzed the clinical outcome of a total of 166 consecutive FTET cycles that were performed in either natural cycle controlled by HCG for ovulation triggering (HCG group, n=110) or natural cycle with spontaneous ovulation (control group, n=56) in 166 infertile patients between January 2009 and November 2013. RESULTS: There were no differences in patients' characteristics between the 2 groups. The numbers of oocytes retrieved, mature oocytes, fertilized oocytes, grade I or II embryos and frozen embryos in the previous in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycle in which embryos were frozen were comparable between the HCG and control groups. Significant differences were not also observed between the 2 groups in clinical pregnancy rate (CPR), embryo implantation rate, miscarriage rate, live birth rate and multiple CPR. However, the number of hospital visits for follicular monitoring was significantly fewer in the HCG group than in the control group (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrated that HCG administration for ovulation triggering in natural cycle reduces the number of hospital visits for follicular monitoring without any detrimental effect on FTET outcome when compared with spontaneous ovulatory cycles in infertile patients undergoing FTET in natural ovulatory cycles.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Abortion, Spontaneous , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Chorion , Chorionic Gonadotropin , Cohort Studies , Embryo Implantation , Embryo Transfer , Embryonic Structures , Fertilization in Vitro , Live Birth , Oocytes , Ovulation , Pregnancy Rate , Retrospective Studies , Zygote
9.
Ultrasonography ; : 78-87, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-730999

ABSTRACT

Ectopic pregnancy is the implantation of a fertilized egg outside the uterine endometrial cavity. For women presenting to the emergency department with abdominal pain and/or vaginal bleeding, ectopic pregnancy is an important diagnostic consideration. The diagnosis is made based on laboratory values and ultrasound imaging findings. The ultrasound appearance of both normal early pregnancy and ectopic pregnancy are variable and often subtle, presenting diagnostic challenges for radiologists. This pictorial essay describes and illustrates the sonographic findings of ectopic pregnancy and reviews the differential diagnoses that can mimic ectopic pregnancy on ultrasound. With the possibility of medical management, the value of early detection and prompt initiation of treatment has increased in improving clinical outcomes and preventing the complications of ectopic pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Abdominal Pain , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Emergencies , Emergency Service, Hospital , Methotrexate , Pregnancy, Ectopic , Ultrasonography , Uterine Hemorrhage , Zygote
10.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 601-611, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756965

ABSTRACT

Targeted point mutagenesis through homologous recombination has been widely used in genetic studies and holds considerable promise for repairing disease-causing mutations in patients. However, problems such as mosaicism and low mutagenesis efficiency continue to pose challenges to clinical application of such approaches. Recently, a base editor (BE) system built on cytidine (C) deaminase and CRISPR/Cas9 technology was developed as an alternative method for targeted point mutagenesis in plant, yeast, and human cells. Base editors convert C in the deamination window to thymidine (T) efficiently, however, it remains unclear whether targeted base editing in mouse embryos is feasible. In this report, we generated a modified high-fidelity version of base editor 2 (HF2-BE2), and investigated its base editing efficacy in mouse embryos. We found that HF2-BE2 could convert C to T efficiently, with up to 100% biallelic mutation efficiency in mouse embryos. Unlike BE3, HF2-BE2 could convert C to T on both the target and non-target strand, expanding the editing scope of base editors. Surprisingly, we found HF2-BE2 could also deaminate C that was proximal to the gRNA-binding region. Taken together, our work demonstrates the feasibility of generating point mutations in mouse by base editing, and underscores the need to carefully optimize base editing systems in order to eliminate proximal-site deamination.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , APOBEC-1 Deaminase , Genetics , Metabolism , Bacterial Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Base Sequence , CRISPR-Associated Protein 9 , CRISPR-Cas Systems , Cytidine , Genetics , Metabolism , Embryo Transfer , Embryo, Mammalian , Endonucleases , Genetics , Metabolism , Gene Editing , Methods , HEK293 Cells , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Microinjections , Plasmids , Chemistry , Metabolism , Point Mutation , Genetics , Metabolism , Thymidine , Genetics , Metabolism , Zygote , Metabolism , Transplantation
11.
Soonchunhyang Medical Science ; : 61-64, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-18757

ABSTRACT

Ectopic pregnancy is an implantation of the fertilized ovum on a place except the endometrium. Most of the ectopic pregnancies are located at the fallopian tube. Few cases of retroperitoneal hematoma associated with ectopic pregnancy have been reported on previously; in each the retroperitoneal space had been the site of implantation. In contrast, we treated a patient with an ectopic pregnancy that implanted in the tube and then perforated through into the retroperitoneal space. To our knowledge this is very rare case of retroperitoneal hematoma caused by a ruptured tubal pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Endometrium , Fallopian Tubes , Hematoma , Hemorrhage , Laparoscopy , Pregnancy, Ectopic , Pregnancy, Tubal , Retroperitoneal Space , Zygote
12.
Braz. j. biol ; 76(4): 1058-1063, Oct.-Dec. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-828107

ABSTRACT

Abstract Cladocerans are able to produce resting eggs inside a protective resistant capsule, the ephippium, that difficults the visualization of the resting eggs, because of the dark pigmentation. Therefore, before hatching experiments, methods to verify viable resting eggs in ephippia must be considered. This study aimed to evaluate the number of eggs per ephippium of Daphnia from two tropical aquatic ecosystems and the efficiency of some methods for decapsulating resting eggs. To evaluate the influence of methods on hatching rates, three different conditions were tested: immersion in sodium hypochlorite, manually decapsulated resting eggs and intact ephippia. The immersion in hypochlorite solution could evaluate differences in numbers of resting eggs per ephippium between the ecosystems studied. The exposure to sodium hypochlorite at a concentration of 2% for 20 minutes was the most efficient method for visual evaluation and isolation of the resting eggs. Hatching rate experiments with resting eggs not isolated from ephippia were underestimated (11.1 ± 5.0%), showing the need of methods to quantify and isolate viable eggs. There were no differences between the hatching rate of resting eggs submitted to hypochlorite solution (47.2 ± 7.34%) and manually decapsulated (53.7 ± 13.24%). However, the immersion in hypochlorite was a more efficient technique, faster and not requiring manual ability.


Resumo Cladóceros são capazes de produzir ovos de resistência envoltos por uma cápsula protetora, o efípio, que dificulta a visualização do número de ovos, devido à pigmentação escura. Assim, antes da condução de experimentos de eclosão, métodos para determinar o número de ovos de resistência viáveis no interior do efípio devem ser utilizados. Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o número de ovos por efípio de Daphnia de dois ecossistemas aquáticos tropicais e a eficiência de alguns métodos de desencapsulamento de ovos de resistência. Para avaliar a influência dos métodos na taxa de eclosão foram testadas três condições: imersão em hipoclorito de sódio, ovos de resistência desencapsulados manualmente e efípios intactos. A imersão em solução de hipoclorito permitiu avaliar as diferenças no número de ovos de resistência por efípios entre os ecossistemas. A exposição ao hipoclorito de sódio a uma concentração de 2% durante 20 minutos foi o método mais eficiente para a avaliação visual e isolamento dos ovos de resistência. A taxa de eclosão de ovos não isolados de efípios foi subestimada (11,1 ± 5,0%), mostrando a necessidade de métodos para quantificação e isolamento dos ovos. Não foi verificada diferença de eclosão entre os ovos isolados a partir da imersão em solução de hipoclorito (47,2 ± 7,34%) e manualmente desencapsulados (53,7 ± 13,24%). Entretanto, a imersão em hipoclorito é uma técnica mais eficiente, pois além de mais rápida, não necessita de destreza manual.


Subject(s)
Animals , Sodium Hypochlorite , Zygote , Daphnia/growth & development , Brazil , Lakes
13.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1204-1211, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310547

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to reveal the role of Girdin in regulating the aggregation of actin filaments by studying the relationship between PKB/Akt and Girdin. First we used Scansite software (http://scansite.mit.edu) to predict relevant target sites of PKB/Akt on mouse Girdin. To gain insight into the role of phosphorylation of Girdin by PKB/Akt, we assessed the location of phosphorylated Girdin in fertilized eggs by staining with anti-P-Girdin 1 417 Ab. We detected a distinct increase in the fluorescence signal of F-actin and P-Girdin 1 417 after microinjection of Akt WT and myr-Akt. The addition of myr-Akt induced phosphorylation of Girdin in mouse fertilized eggs. In addition, siRNA-mediated Akt-knockdown blocked phosphorylation of Girdin. The distribution of actin filaments was obviously scattered. These results strongly suggest that PKB/Akt could directly phosphorylate Girdin on Ser1 417 and promote its function in mouse fertilized eggs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Actins , Physiology , Microfilament Proteins , Physiology , Phosphorylation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Physiology , RNA, Small Interfering , Vesicular Transport Proteins , Physiology , Zygote
14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1155-1162, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246799

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish the S1PR5 gene knockout mouse model by using CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing technique so as to provide the tool for studying the regulating role of sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 5 (S1PR5) in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Single guide RNA (sgRNA) plasmids against the exon 3 of S1PR5 were designed and constructed. Then the sgRNA and hCas9 were transcribed by T7 RNA polymerase in vitro. Cas9 mRNA and sgRNA were mixed and microinjected into fertilized eggs of C57BL/6 mice. T7E1 digestion and gene sequencing were used to detect the mutations of S1PR5. Quantitative PCR (qPCR) and Western blot were used to detect the expression of S1PR5.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Finally 2 kinds of F2 generation of homozygous S1PR5 deficent mice (S1PR5-170/-170 mice and S1PR5-215/-215 mice) were gained, and in these 2 model mice the S1PR5 did not express at mRNA and protein levels.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A mouse model with S1PR5 dificiency has been successfully established, which shall lay a foundation for future investigation of S1PR5.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , CRISPR-Cas Systems , Gene Editing , Gene Knockout Techniques , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Knockout , Microinjections , Mutation , Plasmids , Receptors, Lysosphingolipid , Zygote
15.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 372-376, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-285260

ABSTRACT

Infection of schistosomiasis japonica may eventually lead to liver fibrosis, and no effective antifibrotic therapies are available but liver transplantation. Hedgehog (HH) signaling pathway has been involved in the process and is a promising target for treating liver fibrosis. This study aimed to explore the effects of pentoxifylline (PTX) on liver fibrosis induced by schistosoma japonicum infection by inhibiting the HH signaling pathway. Phorbol12-myristate13-acetate (PMA) was used to induce human acute mononuclear leukemia cells THP-1 to differentiate into macrophages. The THP-1-derived macrophages were stimulated by soluble egg antigen (SEA), and the culture supernatants were collected for detection of activation of macrophages. Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) was used to detect the cytotoxicity of the culture supernatant and PTX on the LX-2 cells. The LX-2 cells were administered with activated culture supernatant from macrophages and(or) PTX to detect the transforming growth factor-β gene expression. The mRNA expression of shh and gli-1, key parts in HH signaling pathway, was detected. The mRNA expression of shh and gli-1 was increased in LX-2 cells treated with activated macrophages-derived culture supernatant, suggesting HH signaling pathway may play a key role in the activation process of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). The expression of these genes decreased in LX-2 cells co-cultured with both activated macrophages-derived culture supernatant and PTX, indicating PTX could suppress the activation process of HSCs. In conclusion, these data provide evidence that PTX prevents liver fibrogenesis in vitro by the suppression of HH signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Antigens, Helminth , Pharmacology , Cell Culture Techniques , Cell Differentiation , Cell Line , Culture Media, Conditioned , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Gene Expression Regulation , Hedgehog Proteins , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Hepatic Stellate Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Liver Cirrhosis , Metabolism , Parasitology , Macrophage Activation , Macrophages , Cell Biology , Allergy and Immunology , Models, Biological , Monocytes , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Pentoxifylline , Pharmacology , Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors , Pharmacology , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Schistosoma japonicum , Chemistry , Signal Transduction , Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate , Pharmacology , Zinc Finger Protein GLI1 , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Zygote , Chemistry
16.
Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine ; : 146-151, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-188155

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to compare the effects of static culture, dynamic culture, and the combination of dynamic culture with specialized surfaces involving co-culture on human embryonic development. Embryos cultured using conventional static culture (SC) techniques served as a control group. We compared dynamic culture using micro-vibration culture (MVC) and micro-vibration with co-culture (MCoC), in which autologous cumulus cells were used as a specialized surface. METHODS: We conducted a chart review of patients who were treated between January 2011 and November 2014 in order to compare embryonic development rates and pregnancy rates among the groups. Zygotes were cultured in micro-droplets, and embryos were subsequently selected for transfer. Some surplus embryos were cryopreserved, and the others were cultured for blastocyst development. A micro-vibrator was set at the frequency of 42 Hz for duration of 5 seconds per 60 minutes to facilitate embryo development. RESULTS: No significant differences among the groups were present in patient's characteristics. However, the clinical pregnancy rates were significantly higher in the MVC group and the MCoC group than in the SC group. No significant differences were found in the blastocyst development rate between the SC group and the MVC group, but the blastocyst development rate in the MCoC group was significantly higher than in the SC and MVC groups. CONCLUSION: The clinical pregnancy rate was significantly increased by the application of micro-vibration to the embryonic cultures of poor responders. The blastocyst development rate was significantly increased by the application of MCoC to surplus embryos.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Blastocyst , Coculture Techniques , Cumulus Cells , Embryo Culture Techniques , Embryonic Development , Embryonic Structures , Pregnancy Rate , Zygote
17.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 110(8): 974-980, Dec. 2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-769834

ABSTRACT

We present a paleoparasitological analysis of the medieval Zeleniy Yar burial ground of the XII-XII centuries AD located in the northern part of Western Siberia. Parasite eggs, identified as eggs of Opisthorchis felineus, were found in the samples from the pelvic area of a one year old infant buried at the site. Presence of these eggs in the soil samples from the infant’s abdomen suggests that he/she was infected with opisthorchiasis and imply consumption of undercooked fish. Ethnographic records collected among the population of the northern part of Western Siberia reveal numerous cases of feeding raw fish to their children. Zeleniy Yar case of opisthorchiasis suggests that this dietary custom has persisted from at least medieval times.


Subject(s)
Animals , History, Medieval , Humans , Infant , Cemeteries/history , Foodborne Diseases/history , Mummies/parasitology , Opisthorchiasis/history , Raw Foods/parasitology , Feeding Behavior , Fishes/parasitology , Food Parasitology/history , Opisthorchis/isolation & purification , Parasite Egg Count/history , Siberia/ethnology , Zygote
18.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 363-372, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757583

ABSTRACT

Genome editing tools such as the clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR)-associated system (Cas) have been widely used to modify genes in model systems including animal zygotes and human cells, and hold tremendous promise for both basic research and clinical applications. To date, a serious knowledge gap remains in our understanding of DNA repair mechanisms in human early embryos, and in the efficiency and potential off-target effects of using technologies such as CRISPR/Cas9 in human pre-implantation embryos. In this report, we used tripronuclear (3PN) zygotes to further investigate CRISPR/Cas9-mediated gene editing in human cells. We found that CRISPR/Cas9 could effectively cleave the endogenous β-globin gene (HBB). However, the efficiency of homologous recombination directed repair (HDR) of HBB was low and the edited embryos were mosaic. Off-target cleavage was also apparent in these 3PN zygotes as revealed by the T7E1 assay and whole-exome sequencing. Furthermore, the endogenous delta-globin gene (HBD), which is homologous to HBB, competed with exogenous donor oligos to act as the repair template, leading to untoward mutations. Our data also indicated that repair of the HBB locus in these embryos occurred preferentially through the non-crossover HDR pathway. Taken together, our work highlights the pressing need to further improve the fidelity and specificity of the CRISPR/Cas9 platform, a prerequisite for any clinical applications of CRSIPR/Cas9-mediated editing.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blastocyst , CRISPR-Cas Systems , Hemoglobins, Abnormal , Genetics , Metabolism , Zygote
19.
The Ewha Medical Journal ; : 126-128, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-165758

ABSTRACT

Ectopic pregnancy is an implantation of the fertilized ovum outside the uterine cavity. Most of ectopic pregnancies are located within the fallopian tube. We describe a rare case of 34-year-old woman complaining of lower abdominal pain and positive urinary pregnancy test. Pelvic ultrasound exam suggested tubal pregnancy with hemoperitoneum. However, pelviscopy revealed the bleeding point was subserosal myoma located just next to the right ovary. Uterus and both fallopian tubes were grossly free. Laparoscopic myomectomy with ectopic mass excision was performed and we observed the serial decrease of beta-hCG level. Patient was well recovered and postoperative finding was not remarkable. Hereby, we report a rare case of ectopic pregnancy on uterine myoma with subserosal type with a brief review of literatures.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Abdominal Pain , Fallopian Tubes , Hemoperitoneum , Hemorrhage , Laparoscopy , Leiomyoma , Myoma , Ovarian Neoplasms , Ovary , Pregnancy Tests , Pregnancy, Ectopic , Pregnancy, Tubal , Ultrasonography , Uterus , Zygote
20.
Biol. Res ; 48: 1-13, 2015. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950793

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Leptin, the cytokine produced by white adipose tissue is known to regulate food energy homeostasis through its hypothalamic receptor. In vitro studies have demonstrated that leptin plays a major role in angiogenesis through binding to the receptor Ob-R present on ECs by stimulating and initiating new capillary like structures from ECs. Various in vivo studies indicate that leptin has diverse effect on angiogenesis. A few reports have showed that leptin exerts pro angiogenic effects while some suggested that it has antiangiogenic potential. It is theoretically highly important to understand the effect of leptin on angiogenesis to use as a therapeutic molecule in various angiogenesis related pathological conditions. Chicken chorio allantoic membrane (CAM) on 9th day of incubation was incubated with 1, 3 and 5 µg concentration of HRL for 72 h using gelatin sponge. Images where taken after every 24 h of incubation and analysed with Angioguant software. The treated area was observed under microscope and histological evaluation was performed for the same. Tissue thickness was calculated morphometrically from haematoxylin and eosin stained cross sections. Reverse transcriptase PCR and immunohistochemistry were also performed to study the gene and protein level expression of angiogenic molecules. RESULTS: HRL has the ability to induce new vessel formation at the treated area and growth of the newly formed vessels and cellular morphological changes occur in a dose dependent manner. Increase in the tissue thickness at the treated area is suggestive of initiation of new capillary like structures. Elevated mRNA and protein level expression of VEGF165 and MMP2 along with the activation of ECs as demonstrated by the presence of CD34 expression supports the neovascularization potential of HRL. CONCLUSION: Angiogenic potential of HRL depends on the concentration and time of incubation and is involved in the activation of ECs along with the major interaction of VEGF 165 and MMP2. It is also observed that 3 µg of HRL exhibits maximum angiogenic potential at 72 h of incubation. Thus our data suggest that dose dependent angiogenic potential HRL could provide a novel role in angiogenic dependent therapeutics such as ischemia and wound healing conditions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Chick Embryo , Zygote , Neovascularization, Physiologic/drug effects , Leptin/administration & dosage , Endothelial Cells/drug effects , Angiogenesis Inducing Agents/administration & dosage , Chorioallantoic Membrane/drug effects , Recombinant Proteins/pharmacology , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Gelatinases/metabolism , Antigens, CD34/metabolism , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism , Chorioallantoic Membrane/enzymology , Chorioallantoic Membrane/blood supply , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Microscopy
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL