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1.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202765, 2020.
Artigo | LILACS (Américas) | ID: covidwho-1225826
2.
Latin American Economic Review ; 29, 2020.
Artigo | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-1226083

RESUMO

The objective of this article is to estimate the fiscal costs, using income and expenditure surveys, of the provision of basic public services (electricity, water, telephone and internet) for the 40% of the population with the lowest incomes, the provision of a subsidy of 50% of actual food expenditure for the 40% of the population with the lowest incomes and the provision of a basic income per household equivalent to the value of the poverty line for households under the poverty line in Costa Rica, Guatemala and El Salvador during the COVID-19 pandemic These fiscal options are a fundamental component of any public health strategy against the COVID-19 considering they give economic viability to the population during the isolation and mobility restrictions period and financial support during the economic and social emergency The results show that the fiscal costs of the provision of basic public services to 40% of the population with the lowest incomes or other fiscal measures considering less ambitious targets are heterogeneous between these Central American countries because of previous conditions and public policies but are reasonable and possible to cover under the actual circumstances © 2020, Centro de Investigacion y Docencia Economicas A C All rights reserved

3.
Journal of Positive Psychology and Wellbeing ; 5(1):17-31, 2021.
Artigo | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-1226082

RESUMO

Loneliness is a serious risk factor for healthy development and flourishing Although loneliness has been revealed to play an important role in psychological health and well-being, little is known about moderating and mitigating mechanisms underlying this association, especially during adverse experiences (e g , COVID-19 pandemic) The current study purposed to explore whether subjective vitality mediated the association of loneliness with psychological adjustment and whether college belongingness moderated the mediating effect of subjective vitality on students' adjustment in the context of loneliness The study sample comprised 333 undergraduate students (69% female) from a public university in Turkey They ranged in age between 19 and 41 years (M= 21 94, SD= 4 15) Findings from mediation analysis revealed that loneliness had a significant predictive effect on subjective vitality and psychological adjustment challenges Subjective vitality also mediated the effect of loneliness on the psychological adjustment of college students Further, college belongingness moderated the mediating effect of subjective vitality on adjustment and had a protective effect on the association between loneliness and subjective vitality in college students These results indicate that subjective vitality and college belongingness are important mechanisms that may help develop prevention and intervention strategies to foster students' psychological health and well-being in university settings © 2021 Institute of Image Electronics Engineers of Japan All rights reserved

4.
Milli Egitim ; 49(1):947-967, 2020.
Artigo | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-1226081

RESUMO

In this research, it was aimed to determine the distance education of private music courses affiliated with the Ministry of National Education, which suspended educational activities between March 16 and June 1, 2020 due to the Covid-19 pandemic The study group of the study, in which the descriptive survey model was used, consists of 105 music courses operating under the Ministry of National Education in the 2019-2020 academic year A questionnaire form consisting of open and closed questions created by the researchers was used as a data collection tool in the study Qualitative and quantitative data analysis methods were used in analyzing the data As a result of the study, it was determined that the courses have more information about the distance education with the pandemic, the courses that did not use the distance education before the pandemic switch to distance education with the pandemic, the courses that switch to distance education mostly prefer the simultaneous model that includes the video conferencing method It is thought that the findings to be obtained from this study will benefit the administrators of such courses, teachers, students and parents, researchers and interested parties © 2020 All Rights Reserved

5.
Milli Egitim ; 49(1):201-230, 2020.
Artigo | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-1226080

RESUMO

This study aims to reveal classroom management problems that teachers face in virtual classrooms during COVID-19 pandemic Convergent design, which is one of the mixed methods research models was used in this study Both quantitative and qualitative data were gathered from 381 teachers via an online form that was developed by researchers Descriptive statistics was used for the analysis of closed-ended questions, content analysis for open-ended ones The findings of the study showed that the classroom management problems were mostly associated with hardware, software and evaluation problems in the virtual classrooms Some of the classroom management problems were related to background noise, internet connection, access to the course, lack of digital content, lack of interaction, short class time, voice transmission, privacy and security, and inappropriate use of software Based on the findings of the study, some implications for practitioners and researchers were suggested © 2020, Milli Egitim All Rights Reserved

6.
Milli Egitim ; 49(1):175-199, 2020.
Artigo | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-1226079

RESUMO

The aim of this research is to examine the technological leadership behaviors of school principals during the COVID-19 period Qualitative research approach was adopted in the research and a case study was conducted The study group of the research consists of 13 school principals working in primary, secondary and high schools in Zonguldak province in the 2019-2020 academic year The semi-structured interview form developed by the researcher was used as the data collection tool in the study Research data were collected through face-to-face interviews with school principals Content analysis technique, one of the qualitative research methods, was used in the analysis of the data The findings of the study show that school principals aim to ensure the continuity of the curriculum, to ensure the students’ commitment to school and to support teachers’ professional development in technology while managing distance education through educational technologies during the COVID-19 period The research findings also show that school principals provide printed resources to students who do not have internet at home, provide technological tools, and provide support for the use of Education Information Network in order to ensure equality in students’ access to technological resources © 2020 All Rights Reserved

7.
Milli Egitim ; 49(1):13-43, 2020.
Artigo | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-1226078

RESUMO

This study aims to examine the opinions of various stakeholders (Provincial National Education Directorate officials, school administrators, teachers, school counsellors, instructors, students, parents) regarding the problems and their solutions about the distance education implemented in Turkey during the COVID-19 epidemic The study was carried out with the interview method, which is one of the qualitative research methods, and it was designed based on the phenomenological pattern The data within the scope of the research were obtained by using semi-structured interview forms and data were collected from 137 stakeholders The content analysis technique was used to analyze the data obtained from the research As a result of the study, some of the stakeholders’ opinions on the advantages of distance education are as follows: it’s independent of time and place, the lessons can be watched repeatidly, it meets the need for education during the pandemic period, it protects people against disease transmission, it’s important for technology in education and developing technological skills The disadvantages of distance education which are mostly stated are related with the loss of motivation, lack of measurement and evaluation, insufficiency of resources such as internet and computers, inequality of opportunity in education, lack of environmental communication and interaction, technical problems, insufficient socialization, and unpreparedness for the distance education process The solution suggestions of the stakeholders are mostly declared about forming the measurement and evaluation in the process, establishing equal opportunities, increasing the participation and interaction in the lesson, strengthening the infrastructure,maintaining lessons with students’ own teachers, and reducing the number of lessons © 2019,MÍllî EğÍtÍm All rights reserved

8.
Milli Egitim ; 49(1):801-829, 2020.
Artigo | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-1226077

RESUMO

Covid-19 pandemic, which continues to affect all areas of life, also has significant effects on education Due to the restrictions applied during the pandemic period, students had to continue their spring term education through distance education tools It is important to understand the factors affecting students’ satisfaction towards learning and their perceived success, in order to make virtual learning more effective which is expected to continue after the pandemic In this sense, a survey study was conducted among 180 students studying at two secondary schools on the Anatolian side of Istanbul Research findings revealed that the effects of virtual course flexibility and perceived usefulness on both virtual learning satisfaction and perceived success were found positive and significant, where the effect of perceived usefulness was found to be highest Besides, the findings revealed that technology quality positively affected the perceived success, whereas student’s computer anxiety negatively affected their learning satisfaction © 2020 All Rights Reserved

9.
Milli Egitim ; 49(1):757-782, 2020.
Artigo | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-1226076

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to determine the relationship between readiness and attitude levels of vocational school students for online learning in terms of several variables in the process of Covid 19 pandemic Study group includes students enrolled at a vocational school of a university located in Central Anatolia Region in Turkey ‘Online Learning Readiness Scale’ and ‘Attitude Scale for Online Learning’ were used to collect the data The scales were administered on a total of 312 The study included 264 female and 48 male students Kolmogorov-Smirnov normality test was used to see whether the data were normally distributed Independent groups t test was used to determine the differences in terms of gender, grade level, technology use level and internet quota variables while One Way ANOVA was used to see the differences in terms of the variables of department nd technological device to connect the system Pearson Correlation Coefficient test was used to measure the strength and the direction of relationship between readiness and attitude levels of vocational school students for online learning Study results revealed a positive relationship between the readiness and attitude levels of the students for online learning © 2020 All Rights Reserved

10.
Milli Egitim ; 49(1):293-322, 2020.
Artigo | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-1226075

RESUMO

This study aims to evaluate the distance education process, which has become the most used education method in the world and in our country due to the COVID-19 epidemic, according to teachers’ opinions With this study, it is aimed that the data to be collected about the opinions of the teachers will guide the future distance education applications For this research, a mixed method design in which qualitative and quantitative research methods are used together The study group of this research consists of 418 teachers who are attending classes at different grade levels in different provinces / districts also involved in distance education due to coronavirus The study group was formed by appropriate accidental sampling from non-random sampling method Research data were collected using the “Distance Education Perceptions of Teachers Scale” prepared by the researchers The data were collected by the researchers by applying an online questionnaire with the individuals forming the study group According to the results of the research, it is seen that there is no difference in forming a positive opinion regarding distance education according to the type of school where teachers work, the province / district where the teachers work, the gender of the teachers, the cities they live in, the years of seniority they work, the level of progress of the teachers, their branches, the class levels they teach, the device they use for distance education, and where they teach from This study is important in terms of shedding light on future distance education activities © 2019,MÍllî EğÍtÍm All rights reserved

11.
Milli Egitim ; 49(1):371-394, 2020.
Artigo | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-1226074

RESUMO

After the Covid-19 epidemic, which affected the whole world, distance education was carried out over the internet and TV instead of face-to-face training in classrooms Experimentation, which is an integral part of science lessons, is a point that needs to be researched how it is carried out in the distance education process With this study, it was aimed to investigate teachers’ opinions about experimenting in science lessons in the distance education process The study conducted with 34 science teachers Four open-ended questions developed by researchers were asked to the teachers in order to investigate their opinions about experimenting in the distance education process Content analysis of the obtained data was carried out In the results obtained, teachers stated that experimenting in the distance education process was difficult due to material and technical deficiencies, students’ motivation was low and they were insuficient to activate students However, they also stated that conducting some experiments was safer and the visuality attracted the attention of the students As long as distance education continues, studies in which model proposals for conducting experiments, which are an integral part of science lessons should be developed © 2020, Milli Egitim All Rights Reserved

12.
Milli Egitim ; 49(1):619-633, 2020.
Artigo | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-1226073

RESUMO

In this article, it is aimed to examine the opinions of pre-service teachers at a state university who started distance education during the Covid-19 pandemic on distance education practices The study group of the research carried out in the descriptive screening model, in the spring semester of the 2019-2020 academic year of Ordu University, in Class 1-4 It consists of a total of 132 pre-service teachers who receive distance education in their classrooms In the research, “The Student Views on Distance Education” scale was used as a data collection tool During the data collection process, scale items were applied to pre-service teachers on a web-based basis The data obtained were analyzed using descriptive statistics (frequency, arithmetic mean, standard deviation), independent samples t-test and one-way analysis of variance LSD test was applied to determine between which groups the difference was statistically significant As a result of the research, prospective teachers stated that distance education practices were not effective but were instructive In general, they found distance education applications to be moderately successful Also, when the general scores of the scale were examined according to the variables of gender and departments of education, there was no significant difference between the opinions of the teacher candidates;It is concluded that there is a significant difference according to the grade level variable © 2020 All Rights Reserved

13.
Milli Egitim ; 49(1):439-457, 2020.
Artigo | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-1226072

RESUMO

The study was conducted in order to examine the special education given during the Covid-19 pandemic, which suddenly became a global crisis, in line with the opinions of teachers and parents Typical case study method, one of the qualitative research types, was used in the study Within the scope of the research, 21 parents and 14 special education teachers who work in private education institutions affiliated to Afyonkarahisar Provincial Directorate of National Education were interviewed in the spring semester of the 2019-2020 academic year In the study, semi-structured individual interviews were conducted to examine the opinions of special education teachers and parents of children with special needs regarding the education provided during the pandemic process The data were collected between July and August 2020, by phone calls whenever available to teachers and parents Content analysis technique was used in the analysis of the data obtained The results obtained from the study show that the education of children with special needs was negatively affected during the pandemic process In order to eliminate these negativities, planning and making interventions at the level of teacher and parent can be recommended © 2020 All Rights Reserved

14.
Milli Egitim ; 49(1):1091-1104, 2020.
Artigo | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-1226071

RESUMO

Covid-19 pandemic has resulted nearly 24 million cases and 800 000 deaths in the world (28 09 2020) It is seen that the pandemic affected many fields of life negatively including the field of education profoundly It is observed that the closure of schools due to the pandemic influenced the education system dramatically and its main components, mainly students and teachers Based on all these, the aim of this study is to conduct a literature review investigating the effect of the pandemic on students, teachers, and their perspective of distance and/or online education In this study, a comparison of the data in the studies was made using the narrative analysis method When the pandemic related literature was reviewed, it was seen that most of the studies generally focused on the students’ views about distance and/or online education (n = 6, 37 5%) and the students’ psychologically getting affected by the pandemic (n = 6, 37 5%) The pandemic related results show that the students have some negative feelings, high levels of aggressivity, and change in exhibiting their social living rituals The students also experienced some mental health issues including insomnia, depression, and loss of appetite, extreme stress, fear, anxiety, and nervousness Based on the literature, the students had both positive and negative thoughts about distance and online education, and the young and single teachers and female teachers have high levels of depression, anxiety, and psychological inflexibility The review also indicated that the teachers spent more time on social media and the internet compared to pre-pandemic and approached distance and/or online education positively There is a need to conduct a series of studies to understand how the pandemic affects students from a more contextual and comprehensive perspective © 2020 All Rights Reserved

15.
Milli Egitim ; 49(1):45-67, 2020.
Artigo | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-1226070

RESUMO

Corona virus, Covid-19 disease, March 11 was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization, and with the decision of the Ministry of National Education on March 12, 2020, face-to-face education of schools was suspended at the beginning of March 16, 2020 A private school in Ankara started distance education right after the decision In order to examine this process with a case study, the whole process was observed and the evaluation of the process was asked to teachers with semi-structured questions The answers were analyzed by qualitative analysis method and divided into codes and categories According to the findings, they stated that teachers generally adapt to the distance education process, they easily adopt technology, in addition to the negativities such as not being face-to-face and being on the screen all the time, they also have positive aspects such as students listen more carefully, the teacher can teach lessons faster Teachers stated that they successfully carried out the distance education process © 2020, Milli Egitim All Rights Reserved

16.
Milli Egitim ; 49(1):1105-1119, 2020.
Artigo | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-1226069

RESUMO

Coronavirus pandemic 2019 (COVID-19) originated in Wuhan, China and spread rapidly all over the world The epidemic, declared as a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO), has affected many areas or groups In this study, the effect of the pandemia on education and students, the process of compulsory distance education and its effects is debated The study is also focused on the impact of the pandemia on individuals with special needs, the services provided to individuals with special needs during the pandemic, the reflection of the pandemic on the families of individuals with special needs, and the reflection of the pandemic on the teachers of individuals with special needs Additionally, the long-term effect of the pandemic process and its aftermath and health effects on individuals with special needs are emphasized © 2020 All Rights Reserved

17.
Milli Egitim ; 49(1):877-894, 2020.
Artigo | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-1226068

RESUMO

In this study, it was aimed to evaluate the opinions of the students about Turkish lessons on EBA TV Due to the presence of quantitative and qualitative data in the study, the mixed method was used and the simultaneous design of the mixed method designs was used because these data were collected at the same time The study group of the study consists of 275 students in 5th, 6th, 7th and 8th grades of two different secondary schools in Adıyaman city center In the research, a questionnaire was prepared by the researcher to consult the students’opinions and applied to the students via Google Forms Both the quantitative and qualitative data of the research were analyzed using the descriptive analysis method The quantitative data of the study were analyzed by using SPSS 21 program, frequency analysis According to the quantitative results of the study, the students think that Turkish lessons on EBA TV contribute to them, they enjoy watching Turkish lessons, they can follow the lessons sufficiently, the activities are sufficient, but the duration of the lessons and the number of questions are insufficient According to the qualitative results of the research, based on the positive opinions of the students, codes such as a useful, effective, instructive good practice about Turkish lessons on EBA TV were obtained;From the negative opinions, codes such as insufficient time, rapid expression, inability to ask questions and change teachers were obtained © 2020,MÍllî EğÍtÍm All righths reserved

18.
Milli Egitim ; 49(1):155-174, 2020.
Artigo | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-1226067

RESUMO

The purpose of current study is to determine solutions regarding problems that school principals experienced during the Covid 19 pandemic process as instructional leaders and to reveal their views on post-pandemic education The study based on qualitative research design was conducted with fourteen school principals who work in different cities in Turkey A semi-structured interview form was created in the light of the conceptual framework Data were analysed by means of content analysis According to the findings of the study, school principals used technological support to teachers, academic support to students, psychosocial support, and parent communication in solving the problems they encountered during the COVID 19 pandemic Findings revealed that the school principals mainly focused on hybrid education model, teacher education and students’ skills regarding post-pandemic education © 2020 All Rights Reserved

19.
Milli Egitim ; 49(1):635-656, 2020.
Artigo | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-1226066

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to examine the professional competencies of teacher candidates in COVID-19 The research was designed as a qualitative case study The partcipants of this research are 44 senior-year teacher candidates in nine departments of the education faculty at a state university in the south of Turkey In the selection of the participants, the maximum diversity sampling strategy was used as purposeful sampling type The data of the research were obtained by personal information form and semi-structured interview form Findings obtained from content analysis revealed that, 40 9% of the teacher candidates consider themselves “competent”, 38 6% of them “need development” and 20 5% of them feel “incompetent” Among the sub-domains of professional competences, the teacher candidates consider themselves competent in “attitudes and values” (68 2%), and feel less competent in “vocational domain knowledge” and “vocational skills” sub-domains In addition, the Online Teaching Practice course affected the professional competencies of teacher candidates negatively Lastly, teacher candidates mostly had positive thoughts about inauguration in the pandemic process after graduation and they believe that they can overcome difficulties, feel themselves competent, and have required motivation to adapt to the pandemic © 2019,MÍllî EğÍtÍm All rights reserved

20.
Milli Egitim ; 49(1):1121-1141, 2020.
Artigo | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-1226065

RESUMO

COVID 19, which has turned into a severe pandemic in all countries of the world, has affected and continues to affect every aspect of our lives individually and socially Undoubtedly, this process has also affected science education and new ways, methods and strategies will come to the fore in science education in the future one important approach that the COVID 19 pandemic reminds educators of is socioscientific issues Therefore, the purpose of the research is to examine the COVID 19 pandemic as a socioscientific issue in science education and to provide suggestions for sample applications for science teaching During the COVID 19 pandemic, members of the society have had to deal with many socioscientific issues that are controversial, involving dilemmas and requiring risk management In the current study, the following socioscientific issues are addressed: “Is the COVID19 disease more dangerous than seasonal flu?”, “Should or shouldn’t a mask be used to prevent COVID 19 disease?”, “Should or shouldn’t be vaccinated?” and they are presented as cartoons, dilemma card and problem scenario and suggested as sample applications to be used in the learning-teaching process It is thought that the current review study will help and contribute to science education researchers, curriculum development experts, teachers and pre-service teachers during the pandemic and afterwards © 2020 All Rights Reserved

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