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Frequency of Neurologic Manifestations in COVID-19: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.
Misra, Shubham; Kolappa, Kavitha; Prasad, Manya; Radhakrishnan, Divya; Thakur, Kiran T; Solomon, Tom; Michael, Benedict Daniel; Winkler, Andrea Sylvia; Beghi, Ettore; Guekht, Alla; Pardo, Carlos A; Wood, Greta Karen; Hsiang-Yi Chou, Sherry; Fink, Ericka L; Schmutzhard, Erich; Kheradmand, Amir; Hoo, Fan Kee; Kumar, Amit; Das, Animesh; Srivastava, Achal K; Agarwal, Ayush; Dua, Tarun; Prasad, Kameshwar.
  • Misra S; From the Department of Neurology (S.M., D.R., A.K., A.D., A.K.S., A.A.), All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India; Brain Health Unit (K.K., T.D.), World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland; Department of Clinical Research and Epidemiology (M.P.), Institute of Liver and Biliary
  • Kolappa K; From the Department of Neurology (S.M., D.R., A.K., A.D., A.K.S., A.A.), All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India; Brain Health Unit (K.K., T.D.), World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland; Department of Clinical Research and Epidemiology (M.P.), Institute of Liver and Biliary
  • Prasad M; From the Department of Neurology (S.M., D.R., A.K., A.D., A.K.S., A.A.), All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India; Brain Health Unit (K.K., T.D.), World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland; Department of Clinical Research and Epidemiology (M.P.), Institute of Liver and Biliary
  • Radhakrishnan D; From the Department of Neurology (S.M., D.R., A.K., A.D., A.K.S., A.A.), All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India; Brain Health Unit (K.K., T.D.), World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland; Department of Clinical Research and Epidemiology (M.P.), Institute of Liver and Biliary
  • Thakur KT; From the Department of Neurology (S.M., D.R., A.K., A.D., A.K.S., A.A.), All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India; Brain Health Unit (K.K., T.D.), World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland; Department of Clinical Research and Epidemiology (M.P.), Institute of Liver and Biliary
  • Solomon T; From the Department of Neurology (S.M., D.R., A.K., A.D., A.K.S., A.A.), All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India; Brain Health Unit (K.K., T.D.), World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland; Department of Clinical Research and Epidemiology (M.P.), Institute of Liver and Biliary
  • Michael BD; From the Department of Neurology (S.M., D.R., A.K., A.D., A.K.S., A.A.), All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India; Brain Health Unit (K.K., T.D.), World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland; Department of Clinical Research and Epidemiology (M.P.), Institute of Liver and Biliary
  • Winkler AS; From the Department of Neurology (S.M., D.R., A.K., A.D., A.K.S., A.A.), All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India; Brain Health Unit (K.K., T.D.), World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland; Department of Clinical Research and Epidemiology (M.P.), Institute of Liver and Biliary
  • Beghi E; From the Department of Neurology (S.M., D.R., A.K., A.D., A.K.S., A.A.), All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India; Brain Health Unit (K.K., T.D.), World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland; Department of Clinical Research and Epidemiology (M.P.), Institute of Liver and Biliary
  • Guekht A; From the Department of Neurology (S.M., D.R., A.K., A.D., A.K.S., A.A.), All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India; Brain Health Unit (K.K., T.D.), World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland; Department of Clinical Research and Epidemiology (M.P.), Institute of Liver and Biliary
  • Pardo CA; From the Department of Neurology (S.M., D.R., A.K., A.D., A.K.S., A.A.), All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India; Brain Health Unit (K.K., T.D.), World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland; Department of Clinical Research and Epidemiology (M.P.), Institute of Liver and Biliary
  • Wood GK; From the Department of Neurology (S.M., D.R., A.K., A.D., A.K.S., A.A.), All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India; Brain Health Unit (K.K., T.D.), World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland; Department of Clinical Research and Epidemiology (M.P.), Institute of Liver and Biliary
  • Hsiang-Yi Chou S; From the Department of Neurology (S.M., D.R., A.K., A.D., A.K.S., A.A.), All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India; Brain Health Unit (K.K., T.D.), World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland; Department of Clinical Research and Epidemiology (M.P.), Institute of Liver and Biliary
  • Fink EL; From the Department of Neurology (S.M., D.R., A.K., A.D., A.K.S., A.A.), All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India; Brain Health Unit (K.K., T.D.), World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland; Department of Clinical Research and Epidemiology (M.P.), Institute of Liver and Biliary
  • Schmutzhard E; From the Department of Neurology (S.M., D.R., A.K., A.D., A.K.S., A.A.), All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India; Brain Health Unit (K.K., T.D.), World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland; Department of Clinical Research and Epidemiology (M.P.), Institute of Liver and Biliary
  • Kheradmand A; From the Department of Neurology (S.M., D.R., A.K., A.D., A.K.S., A.A.), All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India; Brain Health Unit (K.K., T.D.), World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland; Department of Clinical Research and Epidemiology (M.P.), Institute of Liver and Biliary
  • Hoo FK; From the Department of Neurology (S.M., D.R., A.K., A.D., A.K.S., A.A.), All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India; Brain Health Unit (K.K., T.D.), World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland; Department of Clinical Research and Epidemiology (M.P.), Institute of Liver and Biliary
  • Kumar A; From the Department of Neurology (S.M., D.R., A.K., A.D., A.K.S., A.A.), All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India; Brain Health Unit (K.K., T.D.), World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland; Department of Clinical Research and Epidemiology (M.P.), Institute of Liver and Biliary
  • Das A; From the Department of Neurology (S.M., D.R., A.K., A.D., A.K.S., A.A.), All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India; Brain Health Unit (K.K., T.D.), World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland; Department of Clinical Research and Epidemiology (M.P.), Institute of Liver and Biliary
  • Srivastava AK; From the Department of Neurology (S.M., D.R., A.K., A.D., A.K.S., A.A.), All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India; Brain Health Unit (K.K., T.D.), World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland; Department of Clinical Research and Epidemiology (M.P.), Institute of Liver and Biliary
  • Agarwal A; From the Department of Neurology (S.M., D.R., A.K., A.D., A.K.S., A.A.), All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India; Brain Health Unit (K.K., T.D.), World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland; Department of Clinical Research and Epidemiology (M.P.), Institute of Liver and Biliary
  • Dua T; From the Department of Neurology (S.M., D.R., A.K., A.D., A.K.S., A.A.), All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India; Brain Health Unit (K.K., T.D.), World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland; Department of Clinical Research and Epidemiology (M.P.), Institute of Liver and Biliary
  • Prasad K; From the Department of Neurology (S.M., D.R., A.K., A.D., A.K.S., A.A.), All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India; Brain Health Unit (K.K., T.D.), World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland; Department of Clinical Research and Epidemiology (M.P.), Institute of Liver and Biliary
Neurology ; 97(23): e2269-e2281, 2021 12 07.
Article Dans Anglais | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1463290
ABSTRACT
BACKGROUND AND

OBJECTIVES:

One year after the onset of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, we aimed to summarize the frequency of neurologic manifestations reported in patients with COVID-19 and to investigate the association of these manifestations with disease severity and mortality.

METHODS:

We searched PubMed, Medline, Cochrane library, ClinicalTrials.gov, and EMBASE for studies from December 31, 2019, to December 15, 2020, enrolling consecutive patients with COVID-19 presenting with neurologic manifestations. Risk of bias was examined with the Joanna Briggs Institute scale. A random-effects meta-analysis was performed, and pooled prevalence and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated for neurologic manifestations. Odds ratio (ORs) and 95% CIs were calculated to determine the association of neurologic manifestations with disease severity and mortality. Presence of heterogeneity was assessed with I 2, meta-regression, and subgroup analyses. Statistical analyses were conducted in R version 3.6.2.

RESULTS:

Of 2,455 citations, 350 studies were included in this review, providing data on 145,721 patients with COVID-19, 89% of whom were hospitalized. Forty-one neurologic manifestations (24 symptoms and 17 diagnoses) were identified. Pooled prevalence of the most common neurologic symptoms included fatigue (32%), myalgia (20%), taste impairment (21%), smell impairment (19%), and headache (13%). A low risk of bias was observed in 85% of studies; studies with higher risk of bias yielded higher prevalence estimates. Stroke was the most common neurologic diagnosis (pooled prevalence 2%). In patients with COVID-19 ≥60 years of age, the pooled prevalence of acute confusion/delirium was 34%, and the presence of any neurologic manifestations in this age group was associated with mortality (OR 1.80, 95% CI 1.11-2.91).

DISCUSSION:

Up to one-third of patients with COVID-19 analyzed in this review experienced at least 1 neurologic manifestation. One in 50 patients experienced stroke. In those >60 years of age, more than one-third had acute confusion/delirium; the presence of neurologic manifestations in this group was associated with nearly a doubling of mortality. Results must be interpreted with the limitations of observational studies and associated bias in mind. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION PROSPERO CRD42020181867.
Sujets)

Texte intégral: Disponible Collection: Bases de données internationales Base de données: MEDLINE Sujet Principal: Accident vasculaire cérébral / Délire avec confusion / Type d'étude: Étude observationnelle / Étude pronostique / Essai contrôlé randomisé / Révision / Examen systématique/Méta-analyse Les sujets: Covid long Limites du sujet: Humains langue: Anglais Revue: Neurology Année: 2021 Type de document: Article

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Texte intégral: Disponible Collection: Bases de données internationales Base de données: MEDLINE Sujet Principal: Accident vasculaire cérébral / Délire avec confusion / Type d'étude: Étude observationnelle / Étude pronostique / Essai contrôlé randomisé / Révision / Examen systématique/Méta-analyse Les sujets: Covid long Limites du sujet: Humains langue: Anglais Revue: Neurology Année: 2021 Type de document: Article