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2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810996

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the optimized image-based surrogate endpoints (IBSEs) in targeted therapies for glioblastoma through a systematic review and meta-analysis of phase III randomized controlled trials (RCTs).MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search of OVID-MEDLINE and EMBASE for phase III RCTs on glioblastoma was performed in December 2017. Data on overall survival (OS) and IBSEs, including progression-free survival (PFS), 6-month PFS (6moPFS), 12-month PFS (12moPFS), median PFS, and objective response rate (ORR) were extracted. Weighted linear regression analysis for the hazard ratio for OS and the hazard ratios or odds ratios for IBSEs was performed. The associations between IBSEs and OS were evaluated. Subgroup analyses according to disease stage (newly diagnosed glioblastoma versus recurrent glioblastoma), types of test treatment, and types of response assessment criteria were performed.RESULTS: Twenty-three phase III RCTs published between 2000 and 2017, including 8387 patients, met the inclusion criteria. OS showed strong correlations with PFS (standardized β coefficient [R] = 0.719), 6moPFS (R = 0.647), and 12moPFS (R = 0.638). OS showed no correlations with median PFS and ORR. In subgroup analysis according to types of therapies, PFS showed the highest correlations with OS in targeted therapies for cell cycle pathways (R = 0.913) and growth factor receptors and their downstream pathways (R = 0.962). 12moPFS showed the highest correlation with OS in antiangiogenic therapy (R = 0.821). The response assessment in neuro-oncology criteria provided higher correlation coefficients between OS and IBSEs than the Macdonald criteria.CONCLUSION: Overall, PFS is an optimized IBSE in targeted therapies for glioblastoma; however, 12moPFS is optimal in antiangiogenic therapy.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-191307

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To identify potential imaging biomarkers of Alzheimer's disease by combining brain cortical thickness (CThk) and functional connectivity and to validate this model's diagnostic accuracy in a validation set. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from 98 subjects was retrospectively reviewed, including a study set (n = 63) and a validation set from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (n = 35). From each subject, data for CThk and functional connectivity of the default mode network was extracted from structural T1-weighted and resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging. Cortical regions with significant differences between patients and healthy controls in the correlation of CThk and functional connectivity were identified in the study set. The diagnostic accuracy of functional connectivity measures combined with CThk in the identified regions was evaluated against that in the medial temporal lobes using the validation set and application of a support vector machine. RESULTS: Group-wise differences in the correlation of CThk and default mode network functional connectivity were identified in the superior temporal (p < 0.001) and supramarginal gyrus (p = 0.007) of the left cerebral hemisphere. Default mode network functional connectivity combined with the CThk of those two regions were more accurate than that combined with the CThk of both medial temporal lobes (91.7% vs. 75%). CONCLUSION: Combining functional information with CThk of the superior temporal and supramarginal gyri in the left cerebral hemisphere improves diagnostic accuracy, making it a potential imaging biomarker for Alzheimer's disease.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease , Biomarkers , Brain , Cerebrum , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neuroimaging , Parietal Lobe , Retrospective Studies , Support Vector Machine , Temporal Lobe
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-110205

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether pre-operative perfusion skewness and kurtosis derived from normalized cerebral blood volume (nCBV) histograms are associated with progression-free survival (PFS) of patients after partial resection of newly diagnosed glioblastoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 135 glioblastoma patients who had undergone partial resection of tumor (resection of < 50% of pre-operative tumor volume or surgical biopsy) confirmed with immediate postsurgical MRI and examined with both conventional MRI and dynamic susceptibility contrast (DSC) perfusion MRI before the surgery were retrospectively reviewed in this study. They had been followed up post-surgical chemoradiotherapy for tumor progression. Using histogram analyses of nCBV derived from pre-operative DSC perfusion MRI, patients were sub-classified into the following four groups: positive skewness and leptokurtosis (group 1); positive skewness and platykurtosis (group 2); negative skewness and leptokurtosis (group 3); negative skewness and platykurtosis (group 4). Kaplan-Meier analysis and multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression analysis were performed to determine whether clinical and imaging covariates were associated with PFS or overall survival (OS) of these patients. RESULTS: According to the Kaplan-Meier method, median PFS of group 1, 2, 3, and 4 was 62, 51, 39, and 41 weeks, respectively, with median OS of 82, 77, 77, and 72 weeks, respectively. In multivariable analyses with Cox proportional hazards regression, pre-operative skewness/kurtosis pattern (hazard ratio: 2.98 to 4.64; p < 0.001), Karnofsky performance scale score (hazard ratio: 1.04; p = 0.003), and post-operative tumor volume (hazard ratio: 1.04; p = 0.02) were independently associated with PFS but not with OS. CONCLUSION: Higher skewness and kurtosis of nCBV histogram before surgery were associated with longer PFS in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma after partial tumor resection.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Brain Neoplasms/mortality , Chemoradiotherapy , Disease-Free Survival , Female , Glioblastoma/mortality , Humans , Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Male , Middle Aged , Regression Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Statistical Distributions , Tumor Burden , Young Adult
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-183063

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To validate the usefulness of a diffusional anisotropic capillary array phantom and to investigate the effects of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) parameter changes on diffusion fractional anisotropy (FA) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) using the phantom. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Diffusion tensor imaging of a capillary array phantom was performed with imaging parameter changes, including voxel size, number of sensitivity encoding (SENSE) factor, echo time (TE), number of signal acquisitions, b-value, and number of diffusion gradient directions (NDGD), one-at-a-time in a stepwise-incremental fashion. We repeated the entire series of DTI scans thrice. The coefficients of variation (CoV) were evaluated for FA and ADC, and the correlation between each MR imaging parameter and the corresponding FA and ADC was evaluated using Spearman's correlation analysis. RESULTS: The capillary array phantom CoVs of FA and ADC were 7.1% and 2.4%, respectively. There were significant correlations between FA and SENSE factor, TE, b-value, and NDGD, as well as significant correlations between ADC and SENSE factor, TE, and b-value. CONCLUSION: A capillary array phantom enables repeated measurements of FA and ADC. Both FA and ADC can vary when certain parameters are changed during diffusion experiments. We suggest that the capillary array phantom can be used for quality control in longitudinal or multicenter clinical studies.


Subject(s)
Anisotropy , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging/instrumentation , Diffusion Tensor Imaging/instrumentation , Humans , Phantoms, Imaging , Research Design , Signal-To-Noise Ratio
6.
Neurointervention ; : 67-73, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-730299

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Diffusion-weighted MR images (DWI) obtained after endovascular treatment of cerebral aneurysms frequently show multiple high-signal intensity (HSI) dots. The purpose of this study was to see whether we could reduce their incidence after embolization of unruptured cerebral aneurysms by modification of our coiling technique, which involves the deliberate aspiration of the microcatheter lumen right after delivery of each detachable coil into the aneurysm sac. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2011 to June 2011, all 71 patients with unruptured cerebral aneurysms were treated using various endovascular methods. During the earlier period, 37 patients were treated using our conventional embolization technique (conventional period). Then 34 patients were treated with a modified coiling technique (modified period). DWI was obtained on the following day. We compared the occurrence of any DWI HSI lesions and the presence of the symptomatic lesions during the two time periods. RESULTS: The incidence of the DWI HSI lesions differed significantly at 89.2% (33/37) during the conventional period and 26.5% (9/34) during the modified period (p < 0.0001). The incidence of symptomatic lesions differed between the two periods (29.7% during the conventional period vs. 2.9% during the modified period, p < 0.003). CONCLUSION: Aspiration of the inner content of the microcatheter right after detachable coil delivery was helpful for the reduction of the incidence of microembolisms after endovascular coil embolization for the treatment of unruptured cerebral aneurysms.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Embolization, Therapeutic , Humans , Incidence , Intracranial Aneurysm
7.
Journal of Stroke ; : 189-194, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-131208

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The diagnostic accuracy for unruptured intracranial aneurysms has increased, and incidental asymptomatic aneurysms have come to represent a substantial clinical burden because of their controversial natural history. However, their prevalence may be attributable to variations in evaluation methods and demographics. We therefore describe the prevalence and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) findings of incidental intracranial saccular aneurysms over a 5-year period at a single large-volume center. METHODS: MRA images from 18,237 patients obtained between January 2001 and December 2005 were retrieved from the radiology report database. Patients diagnosed with incidental intracranial saccular aneurysms were identified and their MRA data were reviewed. Imaging and clinical follow-up data were evaluated. RESULTS: During the study period, 366 incidental intracranial saccular aneurysms were identified in 330 patients (prevalence, 1.8%; 95% confidence interval, 1.63%-2.01%; 115 men and 215 women; age range, 22-82 years; median age, 63 years). The prevalence was higher in women (215/8,112) than in men (115/10,125; P=0.02). The prevalence increased with age in women (P<0.01), but not in men (P=0.30). Aneurysm size ranged from 1.5 mm to 13 mm, with a median size of 4 mm. The most common location was the bifurcation of the middle cerebral artery (131/366; 35.8%). CONCLUSIONS: Our real world experience indicated a slightly lower overall prevalence of incidental intracranial saccular aneurysms than previously reported. The prevalence increased with age in women but not in men.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Angiography , Demography , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Head , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm , Magnetic Resonance Angiography , Male , Middle Cerebral Artery , Natural History , Prevalence
8.
Journal of Stroke ; : 189-194, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-131205

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The diagnostic accuracy for unruptured intracranial aneurysms has increased, and incidental asymptomatic aneurysms have come to represent a substantial clinical burden because of their controversial natural history. However, their prevalence may be attributable to variations in evaluation methods and demographics. We therefore describe the prevalence and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) findings of incidental intracranial saccular aneurysms over a 5-year period at a single large-volume center. METHODS: MRA images from 18,237 patients obtained between January 2001 and December 2005 were retrieved from the radiology report database. Patients diagnosed with incidental intracranial saccular aneurysms were identified and their MRA data were reviewed. Imaging and clinical follow-up data were evaluated. RESULTS: During the study period, 366 incidental intracranial saccular aneurysms were identified in 330 patients (prevalence, 1.8%; 95% confidence interval, 1.63%-2.01%; 115 men and 215 women; age range, 22-82 years; median age, 63 years). The prevalence was higher in women (215/8,112) than in men (115/10,125; P=0.02). The prevalence increased with age in women (P<0.01), but not in men (P=0.30). Aneurysm size ranged from 1.5 mm to 13 mm, with a median size of 4 mm. The most common location was the bifurcation of the middle cerebral artery (131/366; 35.8%). CONCLUSIONS: Our real world experience indicated a slightly lower overall prevalence of incidental intracranial saccular aneurysms than previously reported. The prevalence increased with age in women but not in men.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Angiography , Demography , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Head , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm , Magnetic Resonance Angiography , Male , Middle Cerebral Artery , Natural History , Prevalence
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-128000

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Superior cerebellar artery (SCA) aneurysms are regarded as being as difficult to treat surgically as posterior circulation aneurysms. We describe here a series of 33 of these aneurysms treated with microsurgery or embolization. METHODS: Between June 1997 and August 2007, 33 patients (9 men, 24 women; age, 29 to 76 years) with SCA aneurysms underwent microsurgical (n = 12) or endovascular (n = 21) treatment. Twenty two patients presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage. Thirty aneurysms were located in the junction between the SCA and the basilar artery (BA), two in the proximal SCA (S1) and one in the distal SCA (S2-3). RESULTS: Of the 29 SCA aneurysms, located in the junction between the SCA and BA, which were available on conventional angiography, 20 were lateral-superior, six lateral-horizontal, two lateral inferior, and one posterior type. Of the 12 patients treated microsurgically, eight had clinically excellent or good outcomes. Causes of poor outcomes included initial poor clinical status (n = 2), infarction due to parent artery compromise (n = 1), and artery of Heubner injury due to surgery for a coexisting anterior communicating artery aneurysm (n = 1). Of the 21 patients treated endovascularly, 17 had clinical good or excellent outcomes. Causes of clinically poor outcomes included initial poor clinical status (n = 2) and infarction due to thrombosis of exposed coil mesh (n = 1). One patient underwent embolization resulted in death due to vasospasm. Three patients required additional embolization for coil compaction. CONCLUSION: There was no morbidity related to perforator injury, regardless of the treatment modality. Embolization or microsurgery is an effective modality, with relatively low procedural morbidity and mortality rates.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Angiography , Arteries , Basilar Artery , Humans , Infarction , Intracranial Aneurysm , Male , Microsurgery , Parents , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage , Thrombosis
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-114398

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate white matter abnormalities on diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in patients with mild Alzheimer disease (AD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI), using tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS) and voxel-based morphometry (VBM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: DTI was performed in 21 patients with mild AD, in 13 with MCI and in 16 old healthy subjects. A fractional anisotropy (FA) map was generated for each participant and processed for voxel-based comparisons among the three groups using TBSS. For comparison, DTI data was processed using the VBM method, also. RESULTS: TBSS showed that FA was significantly lower in the AD than in the old healthy group in the bilateral anterior and right posterior corona radiata, the posterior thalamic radiation, the right superior longitudinal fasciculus, the body of the corpus callosum, and the right precuneus gyrus. VBM identified additional areas of reduced FA, including both uncinates, the left parahippocampal white matter, and the right cingulum. There were no significant differences in FA between the AD and MCI groups, or between the MCI and old healthy groups. CONCLUSION: TBSS showed multifocal abnormalities in white matter integrity in patients with AD compared with old healthy group. VBM could detect more white matter lesions than TBSS, but with increased artifacts.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease , Anisotropy , Artifacts , Corpus Callosum , Diffusion , Diffusion Tensor Imaging , Humans , Cognitive Dysfunction
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-185406

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To compare the enhancement pattern of normal facial nerves on 3D-FLAIR and 3D-T1-FFE-F) sequences at 3.0 T MR units. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We assessed 20 consecutive subjects without a history of facial nerve abnormalities who underwent temporal bone MRI with contrast enhancement between January 2008 and March 2009. Two neuroradiologists independently reviewed pre-/post-enhanced 3D-T1-FFE-FS and 3D-FLAIR images respectively with 2-week interval to assess the enhancement of normal facial nerves divided into five anatomical segments. The degree of enhancement in each segment was graded as none, mild or strong, and the results of 3D-FLAIR and 3D-T1-FFE-FS image sets were compared. RESULTS: On 3D-FLAIR images, one of the two reviewers observed mild enhancement of the genu segment in two (10%) subjects. On 3D-T1-FFE-FS images, at least one segment of the facial nerve was enhanced in 13 (65%) subjects. At least one reviewer found that 17 of the 100 segments showed enhancement on 3D-T1-FFE-FS images, with the mastoid segment being the most commonly enhanced. Interobserver agreement on 3D-T1-FFE-FS images was good for enhancement of the normal facial nerve (kappa= 0.589). CONCLUSION: In contrast to 3D-T1-FFE-FS, normal facial nerve segments rarely showed enhancement on 3D-FLAIR images.


Subject(s)
Facial Nerve , Mastoid , Temporal Bone
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-164800

ABSTRACT

We report a case of spontaneous right carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF) in a proximal segment of persistent primitive trigeminal artery (PPTA) and combined vascular anomalies such as left duplicated hypoplastic proximal posterior cerebral arteries and a variation of anterior choroidal artery supplying temporal and occipital lobe. A 45-year-old male presented with progressive right exophthalmos, diplopia, and ocular pain. With manual compression of the internal carotid artery, a cerebral angiography revealed a right CCF from a PPTA. Treatment involved the placement of detachable non-fibered and fibered coils, and use of a hyperglide balloon to protect against coil herniation into the internal carotid artery. A final angiograph revealed complete occlusion of PPTA resulted in no contrast filling of CCF.


Subject(s)
Arteries , Carotid Artery, Internal , Caves , Cerebral Angiography , Choroid , Diplopia , Exophthalmos , Fistula , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Occipital Lobe , Posterior Cerebral Artery
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-127082

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate our early experience using self-expanding stents to treat atherosclerotic vertebral artery ostial stenosis (VAOS), with respect to technical feasibility and clinical and imaging follow-up results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 20 lesions in 20 patients underwent stenting of the VAOS using a self-expanding stent (Precise RX; Cordis Neurovascular, Miami Lakes, FL). Two patients were asymptomatic. We analyzed the technical success rate, causes of technical failure, occurrence of any vascular or neurological event, and the occurrence of any neurological abnormality or in-stent restenosis (ISR) seen on follow-up. The imaging follow-up was performed with Doppler ultrasound (DUS) as a primary screening modality. RESULTS: One instance of technical failure was caused by failure of the guidewire passage. The stent diameter was 5 mm, and post-stenting balloon dilatations were necessary in all cases. Stent misplacement requiring placement of an additional stent occurred in four cases. Following a 14.8 month average clinical follow-up time, two patients showed anterior circulation ischemia, which was not attributed to the VAOS we treated. Following a 13.7 month average DUS follow-up, five patients showed a mild degree of diffuse or focal intimal thickening in the stent lumen; however, none of the stenosis showed luminal loss of more than 50% and no stent fracture was noted. CONCLUSION: The use of self-expanding stents for treating VAOS was technically feasible and helped to improve artery patency during our limited follow-up interval.


Subject(s)
Aged , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Feasibility Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Stents , Treatment Outcome , Ultrasonography, Doppler/methods , Vascular Patency , Vertebral Artery/surgery , Vertebrobasilar Insufficiency/therapy
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-183832

ABSTRACT

We report a case of intracranial foreign body granuloma that showed features of a high grade tumor on magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. However, the relative cerebral blood volume was not increased in the enhancing mass on perfusion MRI and the choline/creatine ratio only slightly increased on MR spectroscopy. The results suggest that the lesion is benign in nature. Perfusion MRI and MR spectroscopy may be helpful to differentiate a foreign body granuloma from a neoplastic condition.


Subject(s)
Adult , Blood Volume , Brain/pathology , Contrast Media , Diagnosis, Differential , Echo-Planar Imaging/methods , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Gadolinium , Granuloma, Foreign-Body/pathology , Humans , Image Enhancement/methods , Magnetic Resonance Angiography/methods , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods
15.
Neurointervention ; : 103-109, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-730141

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Stent-assisted neck remodeling for wide-necked aneurysms requires long-term medication with antiplatelet agents. We describe here a temporary semi-jailing technique (SJT) for wide-necked aneurysms that avoids the need for antiplatelet medications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Among 101 patients who underwent stent- and/or balloon-assisted embolizations, 3 wide-necked aneurysms, including 1 ruptured aneurysm, underwent the temporary SJT using Enterprise stents. Temporary SJTs were used due to resistance to antiplatelet agents prior to cardiac surgery or to a ruptured aneurysm with a wide neck. The aneurysms were located in the middle cerebral artery, the paraclinoid internal carotid artery segment, and the posterior communicating artery. RESULTS: Enterprise stents were retrieved after coiling without any change in coil mass stability. The final angiogram showed good patency of each parent artery, good stability of the coil mass and total occlusion of the aneurysm. None of the patients experienced any periprocedural or delayed neurological complications. While retrieving the stent from tortuous vessels, we experienced the jumping phenomenon associated with this device. CONCLUSION: Temporary SJTs have the advantage of stent retrieval, thus avoiding inevitable antiplatelet medication. However, care should be taken in tortuous vessels to avoid the jumping phenomenon associated with the device.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Aneurysm, Ruptured , Arteries , Carotid Artery, Internal , Humans , Imidazoles , Intracranial Aneurysm , Middle Cerebral Artery , Neck , Nitro Compounds , Parents , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Stents , Thoracic Surgery
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-48296

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Direct surgical clipping of paraclinoid aneurysms poses technical challenges to even very experienced neurosurgeons, making endovascular treatment an alternative treatment modality in many centers. We have therefore retrospectively evaluated the safety and efficacy of endovascular detachable coil embolization of paraclinoid aneurysms. METHODS: From June 1997 to June 2007, 65 patients underwent endovascular detachable coiling for 67 paraclinoid aneurysms (of which 9 were ruptured and 58 were unruptured) in our institute. Their medical records, radiological images and readings, and operation records were reviewed retrospectively. RESULTS: After the initial embolization procedure, complete occlusion was achieved in 29 (43.3%) of the aneurysms treated by endovascular detachable coiling. Six aneurysms required retreatment, with two each requiring one, two, or three additional endovascular procedures. Fifty-five (82.1%) aneurysms were measured by three-dimensional time of flight (TOF) magnetic resonance images (MRI) or transfemoral cerebral angiography (TFCA) at a mean follow-up of 29.7 months (range from 4 to 94 months), with 39 aneurysms (70.9%) showing complete occlusion. Thromboembolic events (3.8%) were the most frequent complication. Rupture did not occur during or after any of the procedures. According to the Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS), 98.4% of the patients treated by coil embolization had a score of 4 or 5. CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that endovascular detachable coiling is a safe and effective treatment modality in paraclinoid aneurysms.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Cerebral Angiography , Endovascular Procedures , Follow-Up Studies , Glasgow Outcome Scale , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Medical Records , Reading , Retreatment , Retrospective Studies , Rupture , Surgical Instruments
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-53429

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Surgical treatment of posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) aneurysms is challenging due to limited surgical accessibility. Endovascular approach has a benefit of avoiding direct injury to the brainstem or lower cranial nerves. Therefore, it has recently been considered an alternative or primary modality for PICA aneurysms. We retrospectively assessed outcomes following detachable coil embolization of saccular PICA aneurysms. METHODS: From February 1997 to December 2007, we performed endovascular procedures to treat 15 patients with 15 PICA aneurysms. Fourteen patients with 14 PICA aneurysms morphology of which was saccular were reviewed retrospectively. Twelve patients had ruptured aneurysms. The aneurysms arose from the PICA origin site (n = 12), the PICA lateral medullary segment (n = 1), or the PICA tonsilomedullary segment (n = 1). RESULTS: Complete aneurysm occlusion was achieved in 10 patients, residual neck in 3, and residual sac in one. Radiological follow-up was performed in 7 patients with mean duration of 34.7 months (range, 1-97 months) and showed stable or complete occlusion in 6 patients. There were no rebleeding or retreatment after endovascular treatment. Thromboembolism was the only procedure-related complication (n = 4 ; 28.6%). Asymptomatic PICA infarction occurred in two patients and symptomatic PICA infarction in two elderly patients with poor clinical grade. Of these procedural PICA infarction cases, 1 symptomatic PICA infarction patient developed ventriculitis and septic shock leading to death. The clinical outcome was good in 10 patients (71.4%). Conclusions: In the present study, detachable coil embolization has shown as an efficient modality for PICA saccular aneurysms challenging indications of microsurgery. However, thromboembolic complications should be considered, especially in poor clinical elderly patients with ruptured aneurysms.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aneurysm , Aneurysm, Ruptured , Arteries , Brain Stem , Cranial Nerves , Endovascular Procedures , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Infarction , Microsurgery , Neck , Pica , Retreatment , Retrospective Studies , Shock, Septic , Thromboembolism
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-65294

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Although three-dimensional time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography (3D TOF-MRA) is used frequently as a follow-up tool to assess the response of arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) after radiosurgery, the diagnostic accuracy of 3D TOF-MRA is not well known. We evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of contrast-enhanced 3D TOF-MRA at 3.0 Tesla for the detection of residual AVMs. MATERIALS AND METHODS:This study included 32 AVMs from 32 patients who had been treated with radiosurgery (males/females: 21/11; average patient age, 33.1 years). The time interval between radiosurgery and MRA was an average of 35.3 months (range, 12-88 months). Three-dimensional TOF-MRA was obtained at a magnetic field strength of 3.0 Tesla after infusion of contrast media, with a measured voxel size of 0.40 x 0.80 x 1.4 (0.45) mm3 and a reconstructed voxel size of 0.27 x 0.27 x 0.70 (0.05) mm3 after zero-filling. X-ray angiography was performed as the reference of standard within six months after MRA (an average of two months). To determine the presence of a residual AVM, the source images of 3D TOF-MRA were independently reviewed, focusing on the presence of abnormally hyperintense fine tangled or tubular structures with continuity as seen on consecutive slices by two observers blinded to the X-ray angiography results. RESULTS: A residual AVM was identified in 10 patients (10 of 32, 31%) on X-ray angiography. The inter-observer agreement for MRA was excellent (kappa= 0.813). For the detection of a residual AVM after radiosurgery as determined by observer 1 and observer 2, the source images of MRA had an overall sensitivity of 100%/90% (10 of 10, 9 of 10), specificity of 68%/68% (15 of 22, 15 of 22), positive predictive value of 59%/56% (10 of 17, 9 of 16), negative predictive value of 100%/94% (15 of 15, 15 of 16) and diagnostic accuracy of 78%/75% (25 of 32, 24 of 32), respectively. CONCLUSION: The sensitivity of contrast-enhanced 3D TOF-MRA at 3.0 Tesla is high but the specificity is not sufficient for the detection of a residual AVM after radiosurgery.


Subject(s)
Adult , Contrast Media , Female , Humans , Intracranial Arteriovenous Malformations/diagnosis , Magnetic Resonance Angiography/methods , Male , Radiosurgery , Sensitivity and Specificity
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-201691

ABSTRACT

Carotid occlusion is an inevitable therapeutic modality for the treatment of complex aneurysms such as giant, traumatic, and intracavernous aneurysms. Late complications of carotid occlusion include 'de novo' aneurysm formation at a distant site because of hemodynamic changes in the circle of Willis. We report a case of de novo aneurysm in a vessel that appeared to be normal on initial angiography. The patient developed an anterior communicating artery aneurysm and marked growth of a basilar bifurcation aneurysm 9 years after trapping of the left internal carotid artery for the treatment of a ruptured large saccular aneurysm involving ophthalmic and cavernous segments. We propose that patients who undergo therapeutic carotid occlusion should be periodically followed by magnetic resonance angiography or computed tomographic angiography to evaluate the possibility of de novo aneurysm formation; this advice is in line with previous reports.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Angiography , Carotid Artery, Internal , Caves , Circle of Willis , Glycosaminoglycans , Hemodynamics , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm , Magnetic Resonance Angiography
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-151895

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical significance of mesenteric lymph nodes (MLNs) detected on postoperative CT images after a total pharyngolaryngectomy and reconstruction using a jejunal free flap (TPL-JFF) in patients with advanced carcinoma of the laryngo-hypopharynx. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We recruited 17 patients with available postoperative CT images following a TPL-JFF. The postoperative CT findings of the MLNs for the JFF were evaluated, including the number of MLNs, maximum-axial-diameter, shape, and presence of central necrosis or cortical enhancement, which were compared between the two groups and divided according to the presence or absence of local recurrence. RESULTS: In 16 of 17 patients except for one patient without MSN, an initial postoperative CT image demonstrated the presence of MLNs (mean number, 2; range 1-4) which had a maximal diameter of 18 mm. New or an increased number of MLNs detected on a subsequent follow-up CT examination was found in only two patients with recurrence. However, MLNs in nine patients without recurrence remained unchanged or decreased. Cortical enhancement was found more frequently in all five MLNs of the two patients with recurrence as compared to cortical enhancement in the MLNs (four among 12 MLNs: 33%) of patients without recurrence. The other findings remained the same. CONCLUSION: MLNs on postoperative CT images are very common in patients after a TPL-JFF. Although most MLNs are reactive, a new or increased number of MLNs on a subsequent follow-up CT examination should suggest the presence of a local recurrence.


Subject(s)
Follow-Up Studies , Free Tissue Flaps , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Necrosis , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Recurrence
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