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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3287-3293, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981466

ABSTRACT

This paper aimed to study the chemical constituents from the root bark of Schisandra sphenanthera. Silica, Sephadex LH-20 and RP-HPLC were used to separate and purify the 80% ethanol extract of S. sphenanthera. Eleven compounds were identified by ~1H-NMR, ~(13)C-NMR, ESI-MS, etc., which were 2-[2-hydroxy-5-(3-hydroxypropyl)-3-methoxyphenyl]-propane-1,3-diol(1), threo-7-methoxyguaiacylglycerol(2),4-O-(2-hydroxy-1-hydroxymethylethyl)-dihydroconiferylalcohol(3), morusin(4), sanggenol A(5), sanggenon I(6), sanggenon N(7), leachianone G(8),(+)-catechin(9), epicatechin(10), and 7,4'-dimethoxyisoflavone(11). Among them, compound 1 was a new compound, and compounds 2-9 were isolated from S. sphenanthera for the first time. Compounds 2-11 were subjected to cell viability assay, and the results revealed that compounds 4 and 5 had potential cytotoxicity, and compound 4 also had potential antiviral activity.


Subject(s)
Schisandra , Plant Bark , Antiviral Agents , Biological Assay , Catechin , Phenols
2.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 952-962, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921353

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To our knowledge, no definitive conclusion has been reached regarding the relationship between glucocorticoids and hypertension. Here, we aimed to explore the characteristics of glucocorticoids in participants with dysglycemia and hypertension, and to analyze their association with blood pressure indicators.@*Methods@#The participants of this study were from the Henan Rural Cohort study. A total of 1,688 patients 18-79 years of age were included in the matched case control study after application of the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Statistical methods were used to analyze the association between glucocorticoids and various indices of blood pressure, through approaches such as logistic regression analysis, trend tests, linear regression, and restricted cubic regression.@*Results@#The study population consisted of 552 patients with dysglycemia and hypertension (32.7%). The patients with co-morbidities had higher levels of serum cortisol ( @*Conclusions@#Serum deoxycortisol was positively correlated with systolic blood pressure, pulse pressure, mean arterial pressure, mean blood pressure, and mean proportional arterial pressure. Glucocorticoids (deoxycortisol and cortisol) increase the risk of hypertension in people with dysglycemia, particularly in those with T2DM.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Blood Pressure , Case-Control Studies , China/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Glucocorticoids/blood , Glycemic Load , Hydrocortisone/blood , Hypertension/etiology , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Rural Population
3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 348-325, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880080

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect the relationship between leukocytes derived microparticle (CD45@*METHODS@#The expression of CD45@*RESULTS@#The percentages of CD45@*CONCLUSION@#High level of CD45


Subject(s)
Humans , Flow Cytometry , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Leukocytes , Neoplasm, Residual , Prognosis
4.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24): 3575-3580, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-850945

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the glycosides from the roots of Isatis indigotica. Methods: The chemical components were isolated and purified by silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, ODS C18 gel, and semi preparative-HPLC chromatographic techniques while the structures were deduced by NMR, MS and IR spectral data analysis. Results: A total of 12 glycosides were obtained and elucidated as isatindigoside C (1), epiprogoitrin (2), progoitrin (3), o-aminobenzoic acid 7-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl ester (4), 2’-O-methyladenosine (5), 2-methoxyphenyl β-D-glucopyranoside (6), coniferin (7), syringin (8), cis-coniferin (9), cis-syringin (10), corchoionoside C (11), and cannabiside D (12). Conclusion: Compound 1 is a new indole alkaloid glycoside which named as isatindigoside C, while compounds 5-7 and 9-12 are isolated from the plant for the first time.

5.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 540-545, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817678

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】To investigate the effect of cinnamaldehyde on the apoptosis of RL95- 2 cell in endometrial carcinoma. 【Methods】 Endometrial carcinoma RL95- 2 cells were treated with cinnamaldehyde,and the proliferation activity and IC50 of endometrial carcinoma RL95-2 cells were detected by MTT colorimetry assay. Apoptotic morphology was observed after Hoechst 33258 staining. The percentage of apoptosis in RL95-2 cells was measured by flow cytometry. Western blot analysis was used to test the effect of cinnamaldehyde on the expression of Cleaved caspase- 3,caspase-3, NF-κB·p65,IL-6 and IGF-R in RL95-2 cells.【Results】Cinnamaldehyde can reduce the viability rate of endometrial cancer RL95- 2 cells,which is related to the treatment duration and concentration. Compared with the solvent control group, the apoptosis percentage of RL95- 2 cells in the cinnamaldehyde group (0.29, 0.59, 1.20 mg/mL) was significantly increased after 48 hours(P < 0.01),typical apoptotic bodies were found ,and the expression of Cleaved caspase-3 protein was significantly increased(P < 0.01),there was no significant change in the expression of Caspase 3 protein(P > 0.05),while the expression of NF- κB · p65,IL- 6 and IGF- R protein were significantly increased(P <0.05).【Conclusion】Cinnamaldehyde can reduce the expression of NF-κB·p65,IL-6 and IGF-R proteins in RL95-2 cells and promote the apoptosis of RL95-2 cells,thus playing an anti-endometrial cancer role.

6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 208-213, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801888

ABSTRACT

Ginsenoside Rh2 is a tetracyclic triterpenoid saponin monomer containing a dammarane-type skeleton, with advantages of low toxicity, low molecular weight, good fat solubility and strong anticancer effect, and is the main anticancer effective in ginseng. In recent years, there have been emerging findings on ginsenoside Rh2, indicating an obvious anticancer activity against a variety of cancers with a high morbidity and mortality. Particularly, ginsenoside Rh2 has a significant anti-hepatocarcinoma effect, so the studies on the mechanism of action have gradually been given attention. In this paper, we have reviewed more than 100 domestic and foreign relevant literatures in Chinese and English databases in the past 20 years, such as CNKI, Wanfang Data, VIP Data, Pub Med, and conducted detailed collection, analysis and summary for the contents of the anti-hepatocarcinoma mechanism of ginsenoside Rh2. According to the findings, although there are many reports on the anti-hepatocarcinoma effect of ginsenoside Rh2, the mechanism of action of ginsenoside Rh2 against liver cancer has not been systematically elaborated. Therefore, this paper comprehensively discusses the anti-hepatocarcinoma effect of ginsenoside Rh2, clarifies that the mechanism of action of ginsenoside Rh2 against liver cancer may be related with the inhibition of the proliferation of hepatoma cells, the induction of differentiation of hepatoma cells, the promotion of apoptosis of hepatoma cells, the inhibition of invasion and metastasis of hepatoma cells, the reduction of drug resistance of liver cancer cells, and the improvement of immunity. For the first time, the mechanism of action of ginsenoside Rh2 against liver cancer was comprehensively summarized, which provided reference for researches on ginsenoside Rh2 against liver cancer, evidence and ideas for further researches on ginsenoside Rh2, new research directions for the treatment of liver cancer and new hope to patients with liver cancer.

7.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 365-370, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705048

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the effects of interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) on intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) induced injury in rats. Methods Thirty-five male SD rats were randomly divided into sham operation group (S), model group (I/R), dif-ferent dosage drug groups(C1,C2,C3). Rat intesti-nal I/R model was established via clamping the superi-or mesenteric artery (SMA). After 1 h of ischemia, the arterial clamps were released for 1 h of reperfusion. 10,20,50 mg·kg-1of IL-Ra was injected via caudal vein 15min before reperfusion. Results After 2 h of I/R,compared with S group,I/R group rats exhibited severe damage on the intestinal mucosa, increase in MDA content, decrease in SOD activity, and signifi-cant release of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6. The results showed that, following the injection of IL-1Ra after clipping superior mesenteric artery, damage of the in-testinal mucosa was obviously relieved in different dos-age drug groups. Furthermore, there was different de-gree of relief on oxidative stress and inflammatory re-sponses. Conclusion IL-1Ra showed obvious protec-tive effect on intestinal I/R induced injury by relieving oxidative stress and inflammatory response,and it may potentially be used in the clinical treatment of intestinal I/R injury.

8.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 1132-1135, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-312334

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the treatment outcomes of obese type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) after laparoscopic gastric bypass.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 18 patients with obese T2DM who underwent laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in Beijing Shijitan Hospital between March 2009 and February 2011 were retrospectively analyzed. The clinical parameters included preoperative and postoperative blood glucose, blood lipid, nutrition status and weight lose.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Eighteen patients included 8 men and 10 women. The range of age was 27-62 years (mean, 42.4±10.7 years). The range of BMI was 28.7-57.4 kg/m(2)(mean, 34.9±6.9 kg/m(2)). All the patients underwent laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, and no mortality, complication or conversion to open operation occurred. At 3 months after operation, there were significant changes in OGTT, BMI, HbA1c, Homa-IR and Homa-β(all P<0.05). Fourteen patients(77.8%) showed clinical complete remission, and the overall effective rate was 100%(18/18). The level of blood lipid decreased significantly (P<0.05), and the change of nutritional status was not statistically significant(P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Gastric bypass is an effective treatment for obese type 2 diabetes mellitus.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , General Surgery , Gastric Bypass , Methods , Laparoscopy , Obesity , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
9.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1117-1121, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-241170

ABSTRACT

Objective To describe the current epidemiological characteristics of injuries among primary and middle school students in one rural area of Anhui province and to explore the relationship between the ways of coping and related injuries.Methods Through cluster sampling methods,all students from 3 to 9 grades in 5 primary schools and 3 middle schools in Changfeng county of Anhui province were investigated with questionnaire.All participants completed an anonymous questionnaire concerning their experiences with injuries during the 12 months preceding the survey.The ways of coping to injuries were evaluated by Trait Coping Style Questionnaire.Factors associated with injuries were identified using a negative binomial regression analysis.Results Of 2917 students,the annual event-based rate of injuries was 17.4 per 100 students.Positive coping score had no significant differences between the injury and non-injury groups (33.98 ± 6.38 vs.33.66 ± 6.37) (t=0.979,P=0.328).The score of negative coping style was higher in injury group than in non-injury group (27.65 ± 7.79 vs.26.54 ± 7.62) (t=2.775,P=0.006).Statistically,the annual injury rates were significantly different in three groups on their negative styles of coping (x2=6.131,P=0.013 ).Data from the multivariable negative binomial regression analysis,after adjusted for demographic characteristics,showed no significant difference on the relationship between positive coping style and injury incidence.Those with moderate negative style of coping had lower risks compared to those with highly negative one (IRR=0.77,95% CI:0.63-0.94).Conclusion Negative ways of coping was an important risk factor for injuries.Data from our research suggested that psychological preventive measure need to be taken to improve the style of coping.It was also important to promote the related personality development in planning the strategies for future prevention on injuries.

10.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1219-1222, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-277700

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the perceived stigma and discrimination and received stigma and discrimination as well as the differences and reasons of them among people living with HIV/AIDS and their family members. Methods 307 people were investigated and 117 of which were HIV/AIDS and the others were their family members. Face to face interview was carried out. Results HIV/AIDS and their family were living in the social environment rounded by stigma and discrimination. Stigma and discrimination could be divided into perceived stigma and discrimination and received stigma and discrimination, and these two kinds of stigma and discrimination were statistically significant different between HIV/AIDS and their family members (t=-12.540, P=0.000) , and the perceived stigma and discrimination was more serious than received stigma and discrimination. The perceived stigma and discrimination were related to their self-efficacy (OR=0.558, P=0.041 ), family APGAR (OR= 0.650, P=0.027), infected with HIV or not (OR= 2.116,P=0.004). The received stigma and discrimination were related to their self-efficacy (OR=0.468,P=0.028), family APGAR (OR=0.427, P=0.000) whether infected by HIV (OR=3.412, P=0.001 ). Conclusion Stigma and discrimination did exist in the environment where HIV/AIDS and their family lived, suggesting that it was necessary to develop a series of policies and measures to fight against stigma and discrimination.

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