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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928691

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the characteristics of 18F-FDG PET/CT images of multiple myeloma secondary extramedullary infiltration in order to improve recognition.@*METHODS@#Twenty-one patients with multiple myeloma secondary extramedullary infiltration confirmed by pathology or follow-up from January 2012 to October 2020 in the First Affiliated Hospital of University of Science and Technology of China were retrospectively analyzed. All the patients underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging before treatment, and the PET/CT characteristics of extramedullary infiltration and bone marrow were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Twenty-one patients included 12 males and 9 females, aged from 41 to 77 years old, with an average of 58.3±10.0; 9 cases of extramedullary infiltration involving lymph nodes; lung, stomach, spleen, and kidney were involved respectively in 2 cases; retroperitoneal, right auricle, subcutaneous nodule, and spinal meninges involvement were reported in each one case respectively. The maximum SUVmax value of extra-medullary lesions was 21.2, the minimum value was 2.1, and mean was 7.7±5.3. The maximum SUVmax value of bone marrow was 33.5, the minimum was 2.4, and mean was 6.6±3.6. There was no statistically significant difference in SUVmax value between extra-medullary lesions and bone marrow (Z=-1.195, P=0.232).@*CONCLUSION@#18F-FDG PET/CT not only has a good diagnostic value for multiple myeloma, but also a good evaluation value for secondary extramedullary infiltration, which provides reference for clinical treatment and prognosis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Multiple Myeloma/diagnostic imaging , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Positron-Emission Tomography , Retrospective Studies
2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1640-1648, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927808

ABSTRACT

Teaching quality is directly related to the performance of universities in fostering talents. Being innovative, high-level, and challenging (IHC) is the basic goal of course reform at universities in the new era. It is essential to reform the contents and teaching mode to improve the IHC properties of the existing courses. We first designed the three-dimensional goals of Molecular Biology Experiment teaching and the contents to support these goals. Then, we pinpointed the common points shared by blended teaching and experiment course, and designed the ways of blended teaching for the course. The reformed course contents and teaching mode have enhanced its IHC properties, and achieved good teaching performance. This paper provides a reference for the reform of experiment courses in universities.


Subject(s)
Humans , Molecular Biology , Students , Universities
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921750

ABSTRACT

The calibration of chromone reference extract(CRE) was conducted and a quality control method of Saposhnikoviae Radix(SR) was established based on CRE. Meanwhile, the quality control system of SR was improved and the feasibility of using reference extract as a substitute for single reference substance in quality control of Chinese medicine was discussed. In this study, the content of the prepared CRE was calibrated with prim-O-glucosylcimifugin, cimifugin, 4'-O-β-D-glucosyl-5-O-methylvisamminol, and secO-glucosylhamaudol as indicators. Subsequently, an HPLC analytical method was developed to determine the content of four chromones in 20 batches of SR samples based on the CRE with known content as the standard substance. T-test was used for the comparison of the determination results of the two methods(single chemical component and CRE as reference substances, respectively), and the P values of prim-O-glucosylcimifugin, cimifugin, 4'-O-β-D-glucosyl-5-O-methylvisamminol, and sec-O-glucosylhamaudol were 0. 16,0. 39, 0. 14, and 0. 42. The results demonstrated that there was no significant difference between the two methods. This study initially verified the feasibility that the CRE could be used as a substitute for single reference substance in quality control of SR. In conclusion,this study is expected to provide a scientific basis and a new research model for the application of reference extract in the quality control of Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Apiaceae , Calibration , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromones , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Quality Control
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921735

ABSTRACT

Phyllanthi Fructus, a unique Chinese and Tibetan medicinal plant with both edible and medical values, has high potential of cultivation and development. The resources of Phyllanthi Fructus in China are rich, mainly distributed in Yunnan, Sichuan, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, etc. Phyllanthi Fructus is widely used in the clinical practice of Chinese medicine and plays an important role in Tibetan medicine, Uyghur medicine, Yi medicine, and Mongolian medicine. Phyllanthi Fructus mainly contains phenolic acids,tannins, terpenes, sterols, fatty acids, flavonoids, amino acids and other compounds. Modern pharmacological studies show that Phyllanthi Fructus has antioxidant, anticancer, blood lipid-lowering, liver protective, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and immune regulatory activities. In this paper, the research status of Phyllanthi Fructus was reviewed from the aspects of herbal textual research,chemical composition, and pharmacological action. The quality markers(Q-markers) of Phyllanthi Fructus were predicted and analyzed from the aspects of biogenic pathway, specificity and measurability of chemical components, efficacy, properties, new clinical uses, drug-food homology, and transformation of polyphenols. The results will provide a scientific basis for the quality control, quality evaluation, and standard formulation of Phyllanthi Fructus.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fruit , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Quality Control
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921384

ABSTRACT

Framework nucleic acid (FNA) is a set of DNA nanostructures characterized by the framework morphology. It can design rational DNA sequences and follow the principle of complementary base pairing to construct FNA. The recent discovery of FNA constructed by DNA nanotechnology has great application potential in the field of bone regene-ration. It plays a positive role in the osteogenic differentiation of stem cells, bone regeneration, vascular regeneration, neuromodulation, immune regulation, and drug delivery. Here, we reviewed the current study findings on FNA in the field of bone regeneration.


Subject(s)
Bone Regeneration , Nanostructures , Nanotechnology , Nucleic Acids , Osteogenesis , Tissue Engineering
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922771

ABSTRACT

The current study was designed to explore the brain protection mechanism of Xinglou Chengqi Decoction (XCD) based on gut microbiota analysis and network pharmacology. A transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model of mice was established, followed by behavioral evaluation, TTC and TUNEL staining. Additionally, to investigate the effects of gut microbiota on neurological function after stroke, C57BL/6 mice were treated with anti-biotic cocktails 14 days prior to ischemic stroke (IS) to deplete the gut microbiota. High-throughput 16S rDNA gene sequencing, metabonomics technique, and flow multifactor technology were used to analyze bacterial communities, SCFAs and inflammatory cytokines respectively. Finally, as a supplement, network pharmacology and molecular docking were applied to fully explore the multicomponent-multitarget-multichannel mechanism of XCD in treating IS, implicated in ADME screening, target identification, network analysis, functional annotation, and pathway enrichment analysis. We found that XCD effectively improved neurological function, relieved cerebral infarction and decreased the neuronal apoptosis. Moreover, XCD promoted the release of anti-inflammatory factor like IL-10, while down-regulating pro-inflammatory factors such as TNF-α, IL-17A, and IL-22. Furthermore, XCD significantly increased the levels of short chain fatty acids (SCFAs), especially butyric acid. The mechanism might be related to the regulation of SCFAs-producing bacteria like Verrucomicrobia and Akkermansia, and bacteria that regulate inflammation like Paraprevotella, Roseburia, Streptophyta and Enterococcu. Finally, in the network pharmacological analysis, 51 active compounds in XCD and 44 intersection targets of IS and XCD were selected. As a validation, components in XCD docked well with key targets. It was obviously that biological processes were mainly involved in the regulation of apoptotic process, inflammatory response, response to fatty acid, and regulation of establishment of endothelial barrier in GO enrichment. XCD can improve neurological function in experimental stroke mice, partly due to the regulation of gut microbiota. Besises, XCD has the characteristic of "multi-component, multi-target and multi-channel" in the treatment of IS revealed by network pharmacology and molecular docking.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Molecular Docking Simulation , Network Pharmacology , Stroke/drug therapy
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906599

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To verify the feasibility and accuracy of the "lung surface intersegmental constant proportion landmarks", developed by our center, in identifying intersegmental planes during pulmonary segmentectomy. Methods    We prospectively enrolled the patients who planned to receive thoracoscopic segmentectomy in West China Hospital of Sichuan University and The Third People's Hospital of Chengdu from September 2021 to October 2021. We took a relatively objective and feasible method, intravenous injection of indocyanine green, in identifying intersegmental planes as standard control. We intraoperatively judged the consistency between "lung surface intersegmental constant proportion landmarks" and intravenous injection of indocyanine green in identifying intersegmental planes. We discerned main landmarks of intersegmental plane by the constant proportion segment module, which was built based on the "lung surface intersegmental constant proportion landmarks", as well as distinguished the planes with discrepant fluorescence by peripheral intravenous indocyanine green injection. When the distance between the landmarks determined by the "ung surface intersegmental constant proportion landmarks" and the segmental boundaries displayed by indocyanine green  fluorescence staining was ≤1 cm, the landmarks were judged to be consistent with the planes with discrepant fluorescence. As long as one of the landmarks was judged to be consistent, the method was considered to be feasible and accurate. Results 聽 聽 A total of 21 patients who underwent thoracoscopic segmentectomy were enrolled, with 5 male and 16 female patients. The median age was 55 years, ranging from 34 to 76 years. A total of 11 patients received left-side surgery, while 10 patients received right-side surgery. In the operations of 21 pulmonary segmentectomies, at least one intersegmental landmark determined by the "lung surface intersegmental constant proportion landmarks" was consistent with the intersegmental plane determined by indocyanine green fluorescence staining in each patient. Conclusion 聽 聽The intersegmental landmarks determined by the "lung surface intersegmental constant proportion landmarks" are consistent with that determined by indocyanine green fluorescence staining. The method of "lung surface intersegmental constant proportion landmarks" is feasible and accurate in identifying intersegmental planes during pulmonary segmentectomy.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906585

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To summarize the perioperative and long-term outcomes of ground-glass opacity (GGO) dominant early stage lung cancer patients treated by anatomic segmentectomy. Methods     We collected clinical data of 756 patients from Western China Lung Cancer Database, who underwent intentional anatomic segmentectomy [tumor size (T) ≤ 2 cm, GGO ≥ 50%] in the Department of Thoracic Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University from 2009 to 2018. There were 233 males and 523 females at a median age of 53 (25-83) years including 290 (38.4%) patients of simple segmentectomy and 466 (61.6%) patients of complex segmentectomy. All patients were diagnosed as adenocarcinoma, including 338 (44.7%) patients of minimally invasive adenocarcinoma and 418 (55.3%) patients of invasive adenocarcinoma. Results     The median operative time was 115 (38-300) min, the median blood loss was 20 (5-800) mL, 58 (7.7%) patients had postoperative complications and the postoperative stay was 4 (2-24) days. The median follow-up period was 43.0 (30.1-167.9) months. Five-year overall survival rate was 99.5% [95%CI (98.8%, 100.0%)], 5-year recurrence-free survival rate was 98.8% [95%CI (97.5%, 100.0%)], and 5-year lung cancer-specific survival rate was 100.0%. Conclusion    Anatomic segmentectomy has favorable perioperative outcomes and excellent prognosis in GGO dominant early stage lung cancer patients.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904709

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To identify the risk factors for postoperative recurrence of peripheral solid small-nodule lung cancer (PSSNLC) (T≤2 cm), and to explore the effects of surgery types on prognosis. Methods     We extracted data from Western China Lung Cancer Database (WCLCD), a prospectively maintained database at the Department of Thoracic Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, and Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)  database for peripheral solid small-nodule lung cancer patients (T≤2 cm N0M0, stageⅠ) who underwent surgery between 2005 and 2016. We used univariable and multivariable logistic regression to analyze risk factors for recurrence of PSSNLC. We applied propensity-score matching to compare the long-term results of segmentectomy and lobectomy, as well as the survival of patients from WCLCD and SEER. We finally included 4 800 patients with PSSNLC (T≤2 cm N0M0)(WCLCD: SEER=354∶4 446). We matched 103 segmentectomies and 350 lobectomies in T≤1 cm, and 280 segmentectomies and 1 067 lobectomies in 1 cm<T≤2 cm at a ratio of 1∶4 according to the propensity scores. Results     The results of multivariable logistic regression showed that older age (HR=1.04, 95%CI 1.03-1.05, P<0.001), male (HR=1.60, 95%CI 1.37-1.88, P<0.001), squamous carcinoma (HR=1.65, 95%CI 1.40-1.95, P<0.001), lymph node removed (HR=0.97, 95%CI 0.96-0.99, P<0.001) were risk factors for recurrence after surgery. We found that segmentectomy and lobectomy could reach similar survival in PSSNLC patient with either T≤1 cm or 1 cm<T≤2 cm. Analyses of 1 441 patients with PSSNLC after matching (WCLCD∶SEER=325∶1 116) indicated that the 5-year overall survival rate of the patients in WCLCD was better than that in SEER database ( 89.8% vs. 77.1%, P<0.001). Conclusion     Older age, male, squamous carcinoma, and lymph node removed are the risk factors for recurrence of PSSNLC. Segmentectomy shows similar survival in PSSNLC patient with either T≤1 cm or 1 cm<T≤2 cm N0M0. The patients in the WCLCD shows better survival compared with of the patients in the SEER database.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897921

ABSTRACT

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and intermittent theta-burst stimulation (iTBS) are evidenced-based treatments for patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) who fail to respond to standard first-line therapies. However, although various TMS protocols have been proven to be clinically effective, the response rate varies across clinical applications due to the heterogeneity of real-world psychiatric comorbidities, such as generalized anxiety disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, panic disorder, or substance use disorder, which are often observed in patients with MDD. Therefore, individualized treatment approaches are important to increase treatment response by assigning a given patient to the most optimal TMS treatment protocol based on his or her individual profile. This literature review summarizes different rTMS or TBS protocols that have been applied in researches investigating MDD patients with certain psychiatric comorbidities and discusses biomarkers that may be used to predict rTMS treatment response. Furthermore, we highlight the need for the validation of neuroimaging and electrophysiological biomarkers associated with rTMS treatment responses. Finally, we discuss on which directions future efforts should focus for developing the personalization of the treatment of depression with rTMS or iTBS.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890217

ABSTRACT

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and intermittent theta-burst stimulation (iTBS) are evidenced-based treatments for patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) who fail to respond to standard first-line therapies. However, although various TMS protocols have been proven to be clinically effective, the response rate varies across clinical applications due to the heterogeneity of real-world psychiatric comorbidities, such as generalized anxiety disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, panic disorder, or substance use disorder, which are often observed in patients with MDD. Therefore, individualized treatment approaches are important to increase treatment response by assigning a given patient to the most optimal TMS treatment protocol based on his or her individual profile. This literature review summarizes different rTMS or TBS protocols that have been applied in researches investigating MDD patients with certain psychiatric comorbidities and discusses biomarkers that may be used to predict rTMS treatment response. Furthermore, we highlight the need for the validation of neuroimaging and electrophysiological biomarkers associated with rTMS treatment responses. Finally, we discuss on which directions future efforts should focus for developing the personalization of the treatment of depression with rTMS or iTBS.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886698

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To analyze the perioperative outcomes of uniportal thoracoscopic lobectomy compared with three-port thoracoscopic lobectomy. Methods     Data were extracted from the Western China Lung Cancer Database, a prospectively maintained database at the Department of Thoracic Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University. Perioperative outcomes of the patients who underwent uniportal or three-port thoracoscopic lobectomy for lung cancer during January 2014 through April 2021 were analyzed by using propensity score matching. Altogether 5 817 lung cancer patients were enrolled who underwent thoracoscopic lobectomy (uniportal: 530 patients; three-port: 5 287 patients). After matching, 529 patients of uniportal and 1 583 patients of three-port were included. There were 529 patients with 320 males and 209 females at median age of 58 (51, 65) years in the uniportal group and 1 583 patients with 915 males and 668 females at median age of 58 (51, 65) years in the three-port group. Results     Uniportal thoracoscopic lobectomy was associated with less intraoperative blood loss (20 mL vs. 30 mL, P<0.001), longer operative time (115 min vs. 105 min, P<0.001) than three-port thoracoscopic lobectomy. No significant difference was found between the two groups regarding the number of lymph node dissected, rate of conversion to thoracotomy, incidence of postoperative complication, postoperative pain score within 3 postoperative days, length of hospital stay, or hospitalization expenses. Conclusion     Uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy is safe and effective, and the overall perioperative outcomes are comparable between uniportal and three-port strategies, although the two groups show differences in intraoperative blood loss.

13.
Singapore medical journal ; : 591-597, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877422

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#The use of neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBAs) is common during general anaesthesia. Neuromuscular monitoring with a peripheral nerve stimulator (PNS) is essential to prevent postoperative residual neuromuscular block (PRNB), defined as a train-of-four (TOF) ratio < 0.9. PRNB remains a common complication and may contribute to morbidity in the postoperative anaesthetic care unit (PACU).@*METHODS@#An online survey was sent to anaesthesiologists in our department to assess their knowledge and clinical practices related to neuromuscular blockade. Next, a study was conducted on adult patients scheduled for elective surgery under general anaesthesia requiring NMBAs. Upon admission to the PACU, TOF monitoring was performed.@*RESULTS@#A large proportion of anaesthesiologists showed a lack of knowledge of neuromuscular blockade or non-adherence to the best clinical practices associated with it. The majority (98.7%) stated that they did not routinely use PNS monitoring. In the clinical study, TOF monitoring was only used in 17.9% of the 335 patients who were assessed. The prevalence of PRNB was 33.4% and was associated with the elderly (age ≥ 65 years), a higher dose of NMBA used, a shorter duration of surgery, and a shorter duration between the last dose of NMBA and measurement of PRNB in the PACU. The incidence of adverse symptoms in the PACU was observed to be higher in patients with PRNB.@*CONCLUSION@#PRNB remains a clinically significant problem, but routine PNS monitoring is rare in our institution. This is compounded by inadequate knowledge and poor adherence to best clinical guidelines related to neuromuscular blockade.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867608

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical features of critical cases of corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19).Methods:The clinical data of nine patients who were diagnosed with critical COVID-19 in Hainan General Hospital from January 21 to February 6, 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. There were eight males and one female enrolled. The patients aged 28 to 77 years old, with an age of (52.9±18.0) years. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction testing for 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) was performed with multi-sites synchronize specimens including pharyngeal swab, blood, excrement and urine. The deadline of follow-up was March 4, 2020. The serum levels of leukocyte, C reactive protein, procalcitonin and lactic acid between the improved group (five cases) and the deteriorated group (four cases) were compared. The t test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between groups. Results:Among nine patients, five cases were cured and discharged, three cases died and one case remained in critical condition. All multi-sites specimens of patients in improved group turned negative in 2 to 4 weeks of illness onset, while those of cases in deteriorated group showed sustained viral nucleic acid positive (up to 48th day of illness onset). The white blood cell counts ((13.52±8.24)×10 9/L vs (10.49±4.46)×10 9/L), C reactive protein ((139.71±87.46) mg/L vs (78.60±55.40) mg/L) and procalcitonin ((4.03±2.32) μg/L vs (0.58±0.28) μg/L), lactic acid ((4.14±3.70) mmol/L vs (2.33±0.53) mmol/L) in deteriorated group were all significantly higher than those in improved group ( t=2.908, 5.009, 4.391 and 2.942, respectively, all P<0.01). A rapid rise of serum interleukin-6 level up to 8 500 ng/L was observed in one patient three days prior to death. Conclusion:Among the patients with critical COVID-19, serum levels of inflammatory cytokines of the death cases are higher than those of improved and discharged cases.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867115

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the temporal and spatial changes of the whole brain during the picture naming tasks and the influence of different semantic similarity in the blocked-cyclic paradigm.Methods:Ten healthy right-handed adults were selected.The blocked-cyclic paradigm is divided into two naming tasks consist of related and unrelated pictures.The brain activation of the whole brain in different time windows was recorded by magnetoencephalography(MEG) during the picture naming tasks.Results:In the visual-related time windows, the dominant regions appeared in the related picture naming task, located in left frontal pole (1.421±0.468), right frontal pole (1.431±0.435), left orbitofrontal gyrus(1.601±0.620), right orbitofrontal gyrus (1.567±0.556), left superior frontal gyrus (1.899±0.062), right superior parietal gyrus (5.218±0.678) and left lingual gyrus (5.016±0.088) compared with the unrelated picture naming task (1.038±0.217, 1.131±0.235, 1.312±0.316, 1.253±0.340, 1.710±0.151, 4.538±0.478, 4.275±0.251), the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). In the semantic-related time windows, the dominant regions appeared in the unrelated picture naming task, located in left paracentral lobule (3.176±0.392), right cuneus (4.190±0.330), left posterior cingulate (2.430±0.196) and right posterior cingulate (2.405±0.236) compared with the related picture naming task (2.594±0.254, 3.626±0.560, 2.038±0.115, 1.990±0.094), and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). In the phonological-related time windows, the dominant regions appeared in the unrelated picture naming task, located in left superior temporal sulcus (3.709±0.274), left superior temporal gyrus (3.901±0.380), left middle temporal gyrus (3.340±0.380), left transverse temporal gyrus (4.449±0.265), left supramarginal gyrus (3.205±0.308), left insula (3.140±0.204), left anterior cingulate (2.217±0.194) and right anterior cingulate (2.341±0.167) compared with the related picture naming task (2.662±0.300, 2.503±0.342, 2.614±0.324, 2.633±0.281, 2.663±0.278, 2.248±0.284, 1.818±0.315, 2.005±0.437), and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusion:In different time windows, semantic similarities can lead to differences in brain activation.The related picture naming task can cause the dominant activation of bilateral prefrontal lobe in the visual processing stage, which may be related to sustained attention and category judgment while the unrelated picture naming task can cause dominant activation of the left temporal gyrus, left insula and bilateral limbic system during speech processing, which corresponds to semantic coding and phonology introspection.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867070

ABSTRACT

Approximately a third of stroke patients have aphasia.As the most common clinical manifestation of aphasia patients, speech communication difficulties will lead to emotional disorders, reduce communication participation and even reduce quality of life. Distinct from dementia patients, aphasia patients after stroke are still able to discriminate and recognize the acquired semantic knowledge but cannot extract randomly and name correctly compared with healthy people. It has been proved that semantic treatment can maintain a longer duration of efficacy than phonological treatment in speech therapy. Semantic feature analysis therapy has been widely used in clinical practice and achieved good behavioral therapeutic effects. However it remains unknown whether the impaired brain function will be restored. To explore the semantic processing of human brain, it is necessary to identify " what" category of semantic features have been activated, " where" the activation center and related activities can be seen, " when" generates activities and affect " how" processing by describing the time sequence. In order to explore the neuroimaging therapeutic effects of training materials with specific semantic features, the paper reviews the influence of semantic features in spatial, temporal and frequency relationships on the brain functional activity, and prospect the future research and clinical application.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865526

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and safety of tirofiban combined with dual antiplatelet therapy for progressive stroke, and obtain the effective time and speed of intravenous tirofiban.Methods:The patients with progressive stroke from June to December 2018 in the Second Hospital of Liaocheng Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University were divided into 2 groups: 28 patients were treated with dual antiplatelet (dual antiplatelet group) and 22 patients were treated with tirofiban combined with dual antiplatelet (tirofiban group). The demographic characteristics, risk factors of cerebral infarction, new infarct location and possible pathogenesis were recorded. The beginning of tirofiban, National Institutes of Health stroke scale (NIHSS) score at different time points, complications, and intravenous infusion effective time, maintenance dose and speed were recorded. NIHSS score was recorded for 14 d and modified Rankin scale (mRS) score was recorded for 90 d after discharge.Results:After 14 d of continuous treatment in the dual antiplatelet group, the NIHSS score decreased (2.92±1.13) scores. One case had gastrointestinal hemorrhage, and there were no intracranial hemorrhage complications. After 14 days of continuous treatment in the tirofiban group, the NIHSS score decreased (3.46±1.71) scored. One case had skin and mucosa hemorrhage, and there were no intracranial hemorrhage complications. In tirofiban group, the effective time of intravenous infusion was 42.2 to 135.7 (86.6 ± 42.3) h, and the infusion speed was 0.15 to 0.45 (0.31 ± 0.12) mg/h. Compared with the dual antiplatelet group, the NIHSS score and 90-day mRS score of tirofiban group decreased significantly: (3.36 ± 1.71) scores vs. (4.75 ± 2.30) scores and (2.93 ± 1.04) scores vs. (3.52 ± 1.83) scores, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Intravenous tirofiban combined with dual antiplatelet therapy for progressive stroke may be a relatively effective method.

18.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1544-1546, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829324

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the differences in physical indices, physical functions, and physical fitness among primary school students of De’ang and Han nationalities in the De’ang community, and to provide a reference for the healthy development of the physique of children and adolescents.@*Methods@#The cluster sampling method was used to select the test data of height, weight, vital capacity, 50 meter running, seated forward flexion, and 1 minute skipping rope of 2 493 De’ang and Han pupils in five complete primary schools in Mangshi, Dehong Prefecture. Differences in each indices were compared between groups.@*Results@#For physical indicators: height in boys in 8,9 and 11 year old group, girls in 7 and 8 year old group, were significantly higher in Han nationality,weight among Han boys of 9 years old was higher than Deang nationality; For physical function indicators: vital capacity of girls 11 years old group and 12 years old group, boys 9 years old group, 10 years old group, 12 years old group, children of Han nationality were higher than Deang peers. For physical fitness indicators: in 50 m running, Han boys of 8,9,10 and 12 year old,as well as Han girls of 8 year old were higher than age matched peers of De’ang nationality;For seated forward flexion, Han boys of 11 years old and girls of 9 years old, were lower than Deang; in 1 min skipping, Han boys of 9,10,11 and 12 year old,as well as Han girls of 9 and 10 year old, were lower than the De’ang nationality.@*Conclusion@#Unbalanced development of physical fitness is observed among primary school students of De’hong and Han nationality, with significant differences in physical, functional and fitness indices.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825229

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficiency of various agroforestry systems for snail control in plateau hilly schistosomiasis-endemic areas of Yunnan Province, so as to provide insights into the construction of agroforestry schistosomiasis control projects in plateau hilly regions. Methods The pilot areas of snail control forests with various agroforestry systems were built in snail-breeding farmlands in Eryuan County, Yunnan Province in 2010, and the economic benefits and snail control effect were investigated in 2018. In addition, a fuzzy comprehensive evaluation model was created to screen the agroforestry system with high comprehensive benefits. Results A total of 14 types of pilot areas of snail control forests with various agroforestry systems were built. Economic benefit analysis showed that the“walnut + garlic”pattern had the best economic benefit, with annual economic benefits of 270 000 Yuan/hm2, followed by the“walnut + chili”pattern (annual economic benefits of 120 000 Yuan/hm2) and the “walnut + vegetables”pattern (annual economic benefits of 105 000 Yuan/hm2). No snails were detected in 8 types of the agroforestry systems, including the“walnut + chili”pattern, the“walnut + tobacco”pattern and the“walnut + garlic”pattern; however, there were snail found with various densities in other types of systems. Fuzzy comprehensive evaluation showed that the“walnut + garlic”pattern had the best comprehensive control effect, followed by the“walnut + chili”pattern and the“walnut + tobacco” pattern, while the pure grassland pattern showed no effect on snail control. Conclusions The agroforestry system is a preferential approach of forestry schistosomiasis control in plateau hilly schistosomiasis-endemic areas, which not only achieves snail control effects, but also promotes economic development and ecological construction in poor hilly areas.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819272

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical features of critical cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Methods The clinical data of nine patients who were diagnosed with critical COVID-19 in Hainan General Hospital from January 21, 2020 to February 6, 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. RT-PCR testing for 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) was performed with multi-sites synchronize specimens including pharyngeal swab, blood, excrement, and urine. The serum levels of leucocyte, C-reactive protein, procalcitonin and lactic acid between the improved group (five cases) and the deteriorated group (four cases) were compared. The t test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between groups. Results There were eight males (88.9%) and 1 female enrolled. The patients aged 28-77 years old, with an age of (52.9±18.0) years. By March 4, 2020, all five cases in improved group were cured and discharged, three cases in deteriorated group died and 1case remained in critical condition. All multi-sites specimens of patients in improved group turned negative in 2-4 weeks of illness onset, while those of cases in deteriorated group showed sustained viral nucleic acid positive (up to 48th day of illness onset). The white blood cell counts ((13.52±8.24)×10 9 /L vs (10.49±4.46) ×10 9 /L), C-reactive protein ((139.71±87.46) mg/L vs (78.60±55.40) mg/L) and procalcitonin ((2.32±4.03) ng/mL vs (0.28±0.58) ng/mL) , lactic acid ((3.70±4.14) mmol/L vs (2.33±0.53) mmol/L) in deteriorated group were all significantly higher than those in improved group ( t =2.908, 5.009, 4.391 and 2.942, respectively, all P <0.01). A rapid rise of serum IL-6 level up to 8 500 pg/mL was observed in one patient three days prior to death. Conclusion Among the patients with critical COVID-19, serum levels of inflammatory cytokines of the death cases are higher than those of improved and discharged cases.

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