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1.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 97-106, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992577

ABSTRACT

During coronavirus disease 2019 epidemic, the treatment of severe trauma has been impacted. The Consensus on emergency surgery and infection prevention and control for severe trauma patients with 2019 novel corona virus pneumonia was published online on February 12, 2020, providing a strong guidance for the emergency treatment of severe trauma and the self-protection of medical staffs in the early stage of the epidemic. With the Joint Prevention and Control Mechanism of the State Council renaming "novel coronavirus pneumonia" to "novel coronavirus infection" and the infection being managed with measures against class B infectious diseases since January 8, 2023, the consensus published in 2020 is no longer applicable to the emergency treatment of severe trauma in the new stage of epidemic prevention and control. In this context, led by the Chinese Traumatology Association, Chinese Trauma Surgeon Association, Trauma Medicine Branch of Chinese International Exchange and Promotive Association for Medical and Health Care, and Editorial Board of Chinese Journal of Traumatology, the Chinese expert consensus on emergency surgery for severe trauma and infection prevention during coronavirus disease 2019 epidemic ( version 2023) is formulated to ensure the effectiveness and safety in the treatment of severe trauma in the new stage. Based on the policy of the Joint Prevention and Control Mechanism of the State Council and by using evidence-based medical evidence as well as Delphi expert consultation and voting, 16 recommendations are put forward from the four aspects of the related definitions, infection prevention, preoperative assessment and preparation, emergency operation and postoperative management, hoping to provide a reference for severe trauma care in the new stage of the epidemic prevention and control.

2.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 494-499, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991348

ABSTRACT

Objective:To introduce the experience of robotic surgery training course in the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center.Methods:The specific process of the training course was introduced in detail, and the results of the training course were summarized and analyzed. A total of 15 surgeons completed the first step of the training (operation table simulation training), 14 (93.3%) completed the second step (pancreatoduodenectomy tissue anastomosis simulation training), and 196 cases of tissue anastomosis simulation training were completed. Statistical analysis was performed using STATA and SPSS software. Wilcoxon rank sum test was used to analyze the data.Results:The average scores of the surface validity Likert scale for anastomosis simulation training were: (15/20) for Pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ), (15/20) for Gastrojejunostomy (GJ), and (17/20) for Hepatocholangiojejunostomy (HJ). In the PJ and GJ simulation training, compared with the gold standard, the error rate and OSATS score were significantly improved ( P > 0.05), and the operation time was not significantly reduced ( P < 0.05). In HJ simulation training, the error rate, OSATS score and operation time did not show significant improvement ( P < 0.05). However, it could be concluded that all the simulation operations performed by the trainees after the training were better than the first time, when linear regression and quadratic fitting models were performed to analyze continuous trainings of the trainees as a group. Conclusion:The training course carried out by the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center is valid and effective, and it can be used for reference to explore a way for the development of robotic surgery fitting to the real conditions of our country.

3.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 497-501, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981984

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the clinical and genetic features of Joubert syndrome (JS) in children.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data, genetic data, and follow-up data of 20 children who were diagnosed with JS in the Department of Children's Rehabilitation, the Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, from January 2017 to July 2022.@*RESULTS@#Among the 20 children with JS, there were 11 boys and 9 girls. The common clinical manifestations were developmental delay (20 children, 100%), abnormal eye movement (19 children, 95%), and hypotonia (16 children, 80%), followed by abnormal respiratory rhythm in 5 children (25%) and unusual facies (including prominent forehead, low-set ears, and triangular mouth) in 3 children (15%), and no limb deformity was observed. All 20 children (100%) had the typical "molar tooth sign" and "midline cleft syndrome" on head images, and 6 children (30%) had abnormal eye examination results. Genetic testing was performed on 7 children and revealed 6 pathogenic genes, i.e., the CPLANE1, RPGRIP1L, MKS1, CC2D2A, CEP120, and AHI1 genes.@*CONCLUSIONS@#For children with developmental delay, especially those with abnormal eye movement and hypotonia, it is recommended to perform a head imaging examination to determine the presence or absence of "molar tooth sign" and "midline cleft syndrome", so as to screen for JS to avoid missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis. There are many pathogenic genes for JS, and whole-exome sequencing can assist in the diagnosis of JS.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Cerebellum , Abnormalities, Multiple/genetics , Kidney Diseases, Cystic/genetics , Eye Abnormalities/genetics , Retina , Retrospective Studies , Muscle Hypotonia/genetics
4.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 131-138, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981930

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#SAM junctional tourniquet (SJT) has been applied to control junctional hemorrhage. However, there is limited information about its safety and efficacy when applied in the axilla. This study aims to investigate the effect of SJT on respiration when used in the axilla in a swine model.@*METHODS@#Eighteen male Yorkshire swines, aged 6-month-old and weighing 55 - 72 kg, were randomized into 3 groups, with 6 in each. An axillary hemorrhage model was established by cutting a 2 mm transverse incision in the axillary artery. Hemorrhagic shock was induced by exsanguinating through the left carotid artery to achieve a controlled volume reduction of 30% of total blood volume. Vascular blocking bands were used to temporarily control axillary hemorrhage before SJT was applied. In Group I, the swine spontaneously breathed, while SJT was applied for 2 h with a pressure of 210 mmHg. In Group II, the swine were mechanically ventilated, and SJT was applied for the same duration and pressure as Group I. In Group III, the swine spontaneously breathed, but the axillary hemorrhage was controlled using vascular blocking bands without SJT compression. The amount of free blood loss was calculated in the axillary wound during the 2 h of hemostasis by SJT application or vascular blocking bands. After then, a temporary vascular shunt was performed in the 3 groups to achieve resuscitation. Pathophysiologic state of each swine was monitored for 1 h with an infusion of 400 mL of autologous whole blood and 500 mL of lactated ringer solution. Tb and T0 represent the time points before and immediate after the 30% volume-controlled hemorrhagic shock, respectively. T30, T60, T90 and T120, denote 30, 60, 90, and 120 min after T0 (hemostasis period), while T150, and T180 denote 150 and 180 min after T0 (resuscitation period). The mean arterial pressure and heart rate were monitored through the right carotid artery catheter. Blood samples were collected at each time point for the analysis of blood gas, complete cell count, serum chemistry, standard coagulation tests, etc., and thromboelastography was conducted subsequently. Movement of the left hemidiaphragm was measured by ultrasonography at Tb and T0 to assess respiration. Data were presented as mean ± standard deviation and analyzed using repeated measures of two-way analysis of variance with pairwise comparisons adjusted using the Bonferroni method. All statistical analyses were processed using GraphPad Prism software.@*RESULTS@#Compared to Tb, a statistically significant increase in the left hemidiaphragm movement at T0 was observed in Groups I and II (both p < 0.001). In Group III, the left hemidiaphragm movement remained unchanged (p = 0.660). Compared to Group I, mechanical ventilation in Group II significantly alleviated the effect of SJT application on the left hemidiaphragm movement (p < 0.001). Blood pressure and heart rate rapidly increased at T0 in all three groups. Respiratory arrest suddenly occurred in Group I after T120, which required immediate manual respiratory assistance. PaO2 in Group I decreased significantly at T120, accompanied by an increase in PaCO2 (both p < 0.001 vs. Groups II and III). Other biochemical metabolic changes were similar among groups. However, in all 3 groups, lactate and potassium increased immediately after 1 min of resuscitation concurrent with a drop in pH. The swine in Group I exhibited the most severe hyperkalemia and metabolic acidosis. The coagulation function test did not show statistically significant differences among three groups at any time point. However, D-dimer levels showed a more than 16-fold increase from T120 to T180 in all groups.@*CONCLUSION@#In the swine model, SJT is effective in controlling axillary hemorrhage during both spontaneous breathing and mechanical ventilation. Mechanical ventilation is found to alleviate the restrictive effect of SJT on thoracic movement without affecting hemostatic efficiency. Therefore, mechanical ventilation could be necessary before SJT removal.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Swine , Shock, Hemorrhagic/therapy , Tourniquets , Axilla , Hemorrhage/therapy , Vascular Diseases , Respiration
5.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1094-1098, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007448

ABSTRACT

The paper explores the evolution of "bone-approaching" acupuncture, its effect target and mechanism. The concrete operation procedure of "bone-approaching" method is recorded originally in Huangdi Neijing (Inner Canon of Yellow Emperor) as short needling and Shu needling (referring to the category of the five needling technique). The periosteum is the most effective stimulation target of "bone-approaching" acupuncture for analgesia, regaining consciousness and regulating spirit. The "bone-approaching" acupuncture is not only prominently effective on bone bi syndrome, but also has the unique effect on painful, encephalogenic and emotional diseases. The paper summarizes and improves "bone-approaching" acupuncture, i.e. "touching bone surface" with needle tip by slow insertion, "touching bone surface" without pain by swift insertion and "touching bone" with needle body by oblique insertion. It contributes to the inheritance, development and supplementation to the bone needling techniques in Huangdi Neijing and is significant for broadening the clinical application range of acupuncture.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , Periosteum , Analgesia , Pain Management , Consciousness , Pain
6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2265-2283, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981202

ABSTRACT

Natural plant-derived diterpenoids are a class of compounds with diverse structures and functions. These compounds are widely used in pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and food additives industries because of their pharmacological properties such as anticancer, anti-inflammatory and antibacterial activities. In recent years, with the gradual discovery of functional genes in the biosynthetic pathway of plant-derived diterpenoids and the development of synthetic biotechnology, great efforts have been made to construct a variety of diterpenoid microbial cell factories through metabolic engineering and synthetic biology, resulting in gram-level production of many compounds. This article summarizes the construction of plant-derived diterpenoid microbial cell factories through synthetic biotechnology, followed by introducing the metabolic engineering strategies applied to improve plant-derived diterpenoids production, with the aim to provide a reference for the construction of high-yield plant-derived diterpenoid microbial cell factories and the industrial production of diterpenoids.


Subject(s)
Diterpenes/metabolism , Biotechnology , Metabolic Engineering , Biosynthetic Pathways/genetics , Plants/genetics , Synthetic Biology
7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 45-49, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971100

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical significance of translocator proteins (TSPO) gene in the treatment of FLT3-ITD/DNMT3A R882 double-mutated acute myeloid leukemia (AML).@*METHODS@#Seventy-six patients with AML hospitalized in the Department of Hematology of the Affiliated People's Hospital of Ningbo University from June 2018 to June 2020 were selected, including 34 patients with FLT3-ITD mutation, 27 patients with DNMT3A R882 mutation, 15 patients with FLT3-ITD/DNMT3A R882 double mutation, as well as 19 patients with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) hospitalized during the same period as control group. RNA was routinely extracted from 3 ml bone marrow retained during bone puncture, and TSPO gene expression was detected by transcriptome sequencing (using 2-deltadeltaCt calculation).@*RESULTS@#The expression of TSPO gene in FLT3-ITD group and DNMT3A R882 group at first diagnosis was 2.02±1.04 and 1.85±0.76, respectively, which were both higher than 1.00±0.06 in control group, but the differences were not statistically significant (P=0.671, P=0.821). The expression of TSPO gene in the FLT3-ITD/DNMT3A R882 group was 3.98±1.07, wich was significantly higher than that in the FLT3-ITD group and DNMT3A R882 group, the differences were statistically significant (P=0.032, P=0.021). The expression of TSPO gene in patients who achieved complete response after chemotherapy in the FLT3-ITD/DNMT3A R882 group was 1.19±0.87, which was significantly lower than that at first diagnosis, and the difference was statistically significant (P=0.011).@*CONCLUSION@#TSPO gene may be used as an indicator of efficacy in FLT3-ITD /DNMT3A R882 double-mutated AML.


Subject(s)
Humans , DNA (Cytosine-5-)-Methyltransferases/genetics , DNA Methyltransferase 3A , Mutation , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Nucleophosmin , Prognosis , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3/genetics , Receptors, GABA/therapeutic use
8.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 5-12, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970984

ABSTRACT

Spermatogenesis is regulated by several Y chromosome-specific genes located in a specific region of the long arm of the Y chromosome, the azoospermia factor region (AZF). AZF microdeletions are the main structural chromosomal abnormalities that cause male infertility. Assisted reproductive technology (ART) has been used to overcome natural fertilization barriers, allowing infertile couples to have children. However, these techniques increase the risk of vertical transmission of genetic defects. Despite widespread awareness of AZF microdeletions, the occurrence of de novo deletions and overexpression, as well as the expansion of AZF microdeletion vertical transmission, remains unknown. This review summarizes the mechanism of AZF microdeletion and the function of the candidate genes in the AZF region and their corresponding clinical phenotypes. Moreover, vertical transmission cases of AZF microdeletions, the impact of vertical inheritance on male fertility, and the prospective direction of research in this field are also outlined.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Azoospermia/genetics , Sex Chromosome Aberrations , Prospective Studies , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosomes, Human, Y/genetics , Infertility, Male/genetics , Sertoli Cell-Only Syndrome/genetics , Oligospermia/genetics
9.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 700-704, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985977

ABSTRACT

Objective: Cancer immunotherapy can lead to various side effects, termed immune-related adverse events (irAE). This study summarized and analyzed the clinical and pathological characteristics of immune-mediated liver injury caused by immune checkpoint inhibitors (ILICI). Methods: This is a retrospective case series study involving 11 patients diagnosed with ILICI at the Peking Union Medical College Hospital from November 2019 to November 2021. Patient demographic information and clinical data, including gender, age, ILICI onset, clinical and radiological manifestations, pathological features, treatment, and resumption of ICI were retrospectively collected and analyzed. Results: The patients were primarily males (9/11) with a median age of 65 (range: 32-73) years. ICI mainly resulted in either partial remission (4/11) or stable disease (3/11). ILICI occurred after a median of two cycles of anti-programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) therapy, with a median time from the initial and last anti-PD-1 therapy to ILICI onset of 57 days and 17 days, respectively. ILICI was mostly severe (3/11) or very severe (6/11). While the clinical and radiological manifestations were non-specific, the pathological features were active lobular hepatitis and portal inflammation, with prominent CD8+T lymphocyte infiltration. The basic treatment was hepatoprotective drugs (10/11). Glucocorticoids were used as the primary therapy (9/11) but were ineffective in 4 of 9 cases. Of these, 3 of 9 cases received combined treatment with mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), only one of whom achieved remission. By the end of the study, 2 of 11 cases had resumed ICI and neither had experienced an ILICI relapse. Conclusion: The ILICI patients in this study had a corresponding history of ICI treatment and pathological features. The main treatment included hepatoprotective drugs and glucocorticoids. Immunosuppressive drugs were added for some cases but had poor efficacy.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological/adverse effects , Liver , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use
10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1322-1326, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009988

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect and underlying mechanism of hispidulin on the proliferation and apoptosis of leukemia K562 cells.@*METHODS@#K562 cells were cultured in vitro and treated with 0, 5, 25 or 100 μmol/L hispidulin for 24 h. Cell proliferation and apoptosis were detected by CCK-8 and flow cytometry, respectively. Western blot was used to assess the expression of Bax, Bcl-2 and interleukin (IL)-37 proteins. Bone marrow mononuclear cells were extracted from 17 chronic myeloid leukemia patients and 21 healthy individuals by Ficoll-Hypaque density gradient method, and the expression of IL-37 protein was measured by Western blot. K562 cells with IL-37 overexpression or knockdown were constructed, and then treated with 0 or 100 μmol/L hispidulin for 24 h. Cell proliferation, apoptosis and protein expression of Bax and Bcl-2 were determined in the same way as above.@*RESULTS@#After K562 cells were treated with hispidulin, the cell inhibition rate, apoptosis rate, and the protein expression of Bax and IL-37 were significantly increased (P <0.05), but the cell proliferation and expression of Bcl-2 protein were decreased (P <0.05). The expression of IL-37 protein in bone marrow mononuclear cells of the leukemia patient was 0.24±0.03, which was significantly lower than 0.91±0.05 of healthy controls (P <0.05). Overexpression of IL-37 significantly promoted inhibition rate, apoptosis rate, and expression of Bax protein in K562 cells (P <0.05), but suppressed the expression of Bcl-2 protein (P <0.05). In addition, knockdown of IL-37 could reverse the effects of hispidulin on proliferation and apoptosis of K562 cells.@*CONCLUSION@#Hispidulin inhibits the proliferation and induces apoptosis of leukemia K562 cells, which may be related to the up-regulation of IL-37 protein in cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , K562 Cells , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/pharmacology , Apoptosis , Leukemia , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Cell Proliferation
11.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 673-678, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958460

ABSTRACT

Objective:To fundamentally solve the problems of valve dysfunction caused by limited size of artificial valve, high requirements for implantation technology, destruction of subvalvular structure and proliferation of fibrous endothelial tissue. We have developed a prosthetic valve with zero left ventricular occupancy. The valve frame is appropriately higher than the existing products, slightly chimney shaped, fully accommodates the movement of the valve leaves in the valve frame, and completely supraannular surgical implantation. This study uses this valve for preclinical animal test.Methods:Seven sheep underwent the replacement of the artificial valve under the direct vision of cardiopulmonary bypass. Warfarin was used for anticoagulation for 6 months 24 hours after operation. The blood biochemistry, anticoagulation and cardiac color Doppler ultrasound were detected after operation. The sheep were killed 180 days later for autopsy to observe whether the artificial valve caused thromboembolism. The efficacy and safety of valve were observed.Results:Two of the seven sheep died within 24 hours after operation, and five survived for a long time. Later, they were killed at 180 days. The mechanical properties of the artificial valve were good, and there was no thromboembolism around the artificial valve and important organs. The tissue layer of suture ring has been completely organized and endothelial cells, and the thickness of tissue layer is about 0.6-1.0 mm. The mitral valve of experimental animals can be opened and closed freely, with smooth surface and no abnormal echo. The follow-up of color Doppler ultrasound showed that the left ventricular ejection fraction was normal (0.60-0.70) before and 6 months after operation. The results of cross valve pressure difference and blood flow velocity of artificial valve were good (vmean was far lower than 5 mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) and pmean was lower than 1 m/s) , suggesting that the hemodynamic performance of artificial valve was good. Left ventricular retrograde angiography showed that the artificial valve was completely located in the left atrium with good position and normal opening and closing. There was no obvious perivalvular leakage and other abnormalities. Within 7 days of blood test, the indexes of surgical stress were more abnormal than those before operation. At 12 and 24 weeks, there were no obvious abnormalities in blood routine test, liver and kidney function and other blood test indexes of animals in each group.Conclusion:The new chimney shaped mechanical valve implanted completely above the mitral annulus has good wear resistance, histocompatibility, antithrombotic and hemodynamic performance.

12.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 716-721, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956901

ABSTRACT

Objective:To provide evidence for the selection of fixation devices and CTV to PTV margins (M ptv) in precision radiotherapy for pelvic tumors by analyzing three fixation devices in precision radiotherapy for prostate cancer. Methods:From April 2015 to December 2020, 133 prostate cancer patients treated with pelvic drainage area irradiation in our center were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were fixed with 1.2m vacuum bag (n=39), 1.8m vacuum bag (n=44) and personalized prone plate by our center (n=50). Each patient was asked to complete our bowel and bladder preparation process before positioning and radiotherapy. The registration of CBCT to planned CT before each treatment adopted the same registration box and algorithm. Setup errors in the SI, LR and AP directions under qualified bowel and bladder conditions were recorded. Setup errors in three directions under three fixation devices and corresponding M ptv values were analyzed. The correlation between setup errors with age and body mass index (BMI) was analyzed. Results:Analysis of 3333 setup errors data showed: in the SI and LR directions, the mean setup errors of 1.2m vacuum bag (3.26mm, 2.34mm) were greater than those of 1.8m vacuum bag (2.51mm, P<0.001; 1.90mm, P<0.001), and personalized prone plate (3.07mm, P=0.066; 2.10 mm, P=0.009). In the AP direction, the mean setup errors of 1.2m vacuum bag (supine)(2.20mm) were smaller than those of 1.8m vacuum bag (3.33mm, P<0.001) and personalized prone plate (3.61mm, P<0.001). The setup errors of 1.8m vacuum bag in all directions were smaller than those of personalized prone plate (P≤0.028). According to Van Herk's expansion formula, the M ptv of 1.2m vacuum bag in three directions was approximately 4 mm. The M ptv of 1.8m vacuum bag and personalized prone plate in the SI and LR directions was approximately 3 mm, and more than 5 mm in the AP direction. The setup errors were not correlated with age or BMI. Conclusions:From the setup errors results of three devices, 1.8m vacuum bag is the best, followed by personalized prone plate. And supine position is better than prone position in the AP direction.

13.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 11-22, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932205

ABSTRACT

Blast injury of the chest injury is the most common wound in modern war trauma and terrorist attacks, and is also the most fatal type of whole body explosion injury. Most patients with severe blast injury of the chest die in the early stage before hospitalization or during transportation, so first aid is critically important. At present, there exist widespread problems such as non-standard treatment and large difference in curative effect, while there lacks clinical treatment standards for blast injury of the chest. According to the principles of scientificity, practicality and advancement, the Trauma Society of Chinese Medical Association has formulated the guidance of classification, pre-hospital first aid, in-hospital treatment and major injury management strategies for blast injury of the chest, aiming to provide reference for clinical diagnosis and treatment.

14.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 667-674, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921389

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study was performed to evaluate the occlusion of monetite paste on dentine tubule and provide a new potential method for treating dentine hypersensitivity.@*METHODS@#Calcium oxide, strontium chloride, and polyethylene glycol phosphate were mixed in a certain proportion and ground in a planetary ball mill. The reaction was carried out by adjusting the pH to obtain monetite and hydroxyapatite paste. The morphological characteristics of the paste were observed through scanning electron microscope (SEM). The structure and composition were analyzed through X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FTIR). The extracted third molar was selected to undergo demineralization to establish the @*RESULTS@#XRD and FTIR showed that the composition of the paste was mainly monetite, and the composition of hydroxyapatite paste was mainly composed of hydroxyapatite. SEM revealed that the size of the crystal particles of the synthesized paste was tens to hundreds of nanometers. Monetite and hydroxyapatite paste could produce a thicker mineralization layer on the dentin surface, and the mineralization of the dentin tubules of monetite was deeper than that of hydroxyapatite paste. The microhardness of the monetite paste group was significantly less than those of the hydroxyapatite paste groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Monetite paste could effectively block the exposed dentin tubules and be used for treating dentin hypersensitivity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Calcium Phosphates , Dentin , Dentin Sensitivity , Durapatite , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
15.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 99-103, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873605

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To analyze the etiologies, operation techniques and outcomes of redo aortic root replacement after cardiac surgery. Methods    Between December 2013 and December 2019, 30 patients who had at least one previous cardiac operation received aortic root replacement in our hospital, including 20 males and 10 females with an average age of 50.4±12.7 years. The mean time interval between this operation and the previous one was 8.0±8.5 years. The principal indication for surgery was aortic sinus dilatation and ascending aortic aneurysm in 14 patients (47%), acute aortic dissection in 5 patients (17%), pseudoaneurysm in 3 patients (10%), prosthetic valve endocarditis in 4 patients (13%), prosthetic leakage in 4 patients (13%). Bentall procedure was used in all 30 patients, with concomitant mitral valve plasticity or replacement in 5 patients, tricuspid valve plasticity in 6 patients, coronary artery bypass grafting in 3 patients, and total aortic arch replacement and elephant trunk procedure in 2 patients. Results    The mean cardiopulmonary bypass time was 96-296 (161.3±43.0) min, and the mean aortic occlusion time was 48-117 (85.7±20.4) min. There were 5 in-hospital deaths with an overall in-hospital mortality of 17%. The causes of deaths were low cardiac output syndrome in 2 patients and septic shock in 3 patients. The follow-up time was 3-75 (33.5±21.1) months. Three patients died during the follow-up, 1 patient died of septic shock and 2 died of cerebral hemorrhage. Conclusion    Redo aortic root replacement is difficult to deal with, and the risk is high. Preoperative evaluation is required, appropriate surgical approach, adequate myocardial protection, and a complete surgical plan are essential to ensure the success of the operation.

16.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 211-214, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879726

ABSTRACT

We performed this study to evaluate the clinical outcomes of microdissection testicular sperm extraction-intracytoplasmic sperm injection (micro-TESE-ICSI) treatment that used fresh or cryopreserved sperm in patients with nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA). A total of 338 NOA patients with 344 consecutive cycles received treatment in the reproductive medicine center of Peking University Third Hospital in Beijing, China, from January 2014 to December 2017. Fresh oocytes and fresh sperm were used in 222 patients with 234 cycles (Group A). Fresh oocytes and cryopreserved sperm were used in 116 patients with 110 cycles (Group B). We compared patient characteristics, embryonic development, and pregnancy outcomes between Groups A and B. There was no statistical difference in the patient characteristics, and no differences were observed with fertilization or quality embryo rates between Groups A and B. The rates of clinical pregnancy and live birth were both higher for Group A than those for Group B (both P < 0.05). In conclusion, fresh testicular sperm appears to produce better ICSI outcomes than cryopreserved testicular sperm in patients with NOA.

17.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 59-63, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879704

ABSTRACT

The aim of our study was to compare the sperm retrieval rates (SRRs) and clinical outcomes of patients with different causes of azoospermia who underwent microdissection testicular sperm extraction-intracytoplasmic sperm injection (micro-TESE-ICSI). We conducted a retrospective study at the Reproductive Medicine Center of Peking University Third Hospital in Beijing, China, from January 2014 to December 2017. This study examined 769 patients with nonobstructive azoospermia who underwent 347 cycles of micro-TESE-ICSI. Patients with azoospermia were classified into Group A (Klinefelter syndrome, n = 284, 125 cycles), Group B (azoospermia Y chromosome factor c [AZFc] microdeletion, n = 91, 64 cycles), Group C (cryptorchidism, n = 52, 39 cycles), Group D (previous mumps and bilateral orchitis, n = 23, 23 cycles), and Group E (idiopathic azoospermia, n = 319, 96 cycles). Clinical characteristics, SRR, embryonic development, and pregnancy outcomes of the patients were compared between all groups. Patients in Group D had the highest and most successful SRR. The average SRR for all patients was 46.0%. The rates of clinical pregnancy, implantation, and live birth in Group D were 78.3%, 65.0%, and 74.0%, respectively, which were higher than those in all other groups (P 0.05). Patients with orchitis had the highest SRR and best clinical outcomes. Although AZFc microdeletion patients had a higher SRR, their clinical outcomes were worse.

18.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 13-18, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872784

ABSTRACT

Objective::To explore the effect of Zuoguiwan on the bone mineral density (BMD) and the expressions of Ca2+ transport-associated protein in ovariectomized rats. Method::The 48 female SD rats were randomly divided into six groups: normal group, model group, sham operation group, estrogen group(0.167 mg·kg-1) and low and high-dose Zuoguiwan groups(9.6, 38.4 g·kg-1), with 10 rats in each group. Except for the sham-operated group, the ovariectomized rats in the other groups received the bilateral ovariectomy. Therapeutic intervention was given in each group for 3 months after the establishment of the model. After 12 weeks, BMD was measured using dualenergy X-ray absorptiometry. Tartrated presistant acid phosphatse(TRACP) and serum calcium were detected by biochemical kits.Protein expression in Ca2+ transport (Bone tissue) was detected by Western blot. Result::Compared with the normal group, the serum calcium of the model group was decreased(P<0.01). Compared with the normal group, BMD of the model group was decreased (P<0.01). The serum calcium of rats in high-dose group and western medicine group was higher than that of model group(P<0.01). BMD in model group was lower than that of Zuoguiwan groups and estrogen group(P<0.05). There was no significant difference in TRACP among the groups. Nilestriol and Zuoguiwan can down-regulate the expressions of TRPV5, NCX1, CaBP-D28K and PMCA1b in bone tissue of castrated rats(P<0.05, P<0.01). Conclusion::Zuoguiwan can down-regulate the expressions of Ca2+ transport-associated proteins (Bone tissues) in rat osteoclasts, with an efficacy on osteoporosis.

19.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 887-893, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870196

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze clinical characteristics and monitor microbiome changes in patients with anti-PD-1 associated colitis.Methods:Two patients with non-small cell lung cancer who developed colitis after treated with anti-PD-1 antibodies were retrospectively analyzed in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2019 to January 2020. The clinical symptoms, endoscopic and pathological manifestations, as well microbiome changes were analyzed and compared during pre-treatment, post-treatment and relapse.Results:The main clinical manifestations included diarrhea, elevated inflammatory indicators, colonic mucosal diffuse hyperemic edema with erosion by endoscopy. Changes in the structure of crypts were common pathological characteristics. Glucocorticoids were effective agents, which achieved clinical remission and mucosal healing. The microbiome composition of OTUs was different. After glucocorticoid treatment, the alpha diversity Observed species, Shannon, Simpson, Chao1, ACE indexes all decreased. The Firmicutesdecreased with Bacteroidetesincreasing in phylum level; while the Bacteroides increased with Ruminococcaceaedecreasing in genus level. Lactobacilluswas the potentially beneficial genus. Conclusion:Patients developing anti-PD-1 associated colitis have characteristic clinical and pathological manifestations. Glucocorticoids are effective treatment. The fecal microbiome diversity, relative abundance of major phylum and genus have changed after treatment.

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Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 892-897, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867167

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the association between the spontaneous neural activity and memory function in depressive patients with different sleep quality.Methods:Totally 58 patients with depressive disorder and 58 gender-, age-, education-matched healthy controls (HC) completed 3.0 T MRI Scanning and clinical assessment including Wechsler memory scale (WMS), 24 Hamilton depression scale(HAMD-24) and Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI). According to the score of PSQI, patients were divided into poor sleep quality group (PS, n=38) and good sleep quality group (GS, n=20). Amplitude of low frequency fluctuations (ALFF) were calculated and compared among three groups.Correlation analyses between the brain activity and the score of WMS were conducted as well. Results:Memory quotient of WMS showed differences among three groups( F=14.163, P<0.01), and the lowest score was found in patients with low sleep quality.The brain areas showed significant differences among three groups located in the left medial superior frontal gyrus (lmSFG, MNI: x=-10, y=30, z=58; K=56), right orbital inferior frontal gyrus (roIFG, MNI: x=26, y=20, z=-26; K=24) and left middle frontal gyrus (lMFG, MNI: x=-40 y=32, z=42; K=25) (voxel size P<0.001, cluster size P<0.05, GRF corrected). Compared with GS group, the ALFF of PS group showed significantly increased in the lmSFG, which was negatively correlated with memory quotient ( r=-0.327, P=0.045) and short term memory( r=-0.388, P=0.016). Compared with HC group, the ALFF of PS group showed increased in the lmSFG and lMFG, GS group showed increased ALFF in the roIFG. Conclusion:The impairment of memory function is more serious in patients with depression of low sleep quality, and the activity of frontal lobe is abnormally increased, which is related to memory function.Their association suggests that poor sleep quality in depressive patients may impair memory function by disrupting neural plasticity and synaptic pruning in the frontal lobes.

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