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1.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 194-204, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971652

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study was conducted to explore the mechanism of intestinal inflammation and barrier repair in Crohn's disease (CD) regulated by moxibustion through bile acid (BA) enterohepatic circulation and intestinal farnesoid X receptor (FXR).@*METHODS@#Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into control group, CD model group, mild moxibustion group and herb-partitioned moxibustion group. CD model rats induced by 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid were treated with mild moxibustion or herb-partitioned moxibustion at Tianshu (ST25) and Qihai (CV6). The changes in CD symptoms were rated according to the disease activity index score, the serum and colon tissues of rats were collected, and the pathological changes in colon tissues were observed via histopathology. Western blot, immunohistochemistry (IHC) and immunofluorescence were used to evaluate the improvement of moxibustion on intestinal inflammation and mucosal barrier in CD by the BA-FXR pathway.@*RESULTS@#Mild moxibustion and herb-partitioned moxibustion improved the symptoms of CD, inhibited inflammation and repaired mucosal damage to the colon in CD rats. Meanwhile, moxibustion could improve the abnormal expression of BA in the colon, liver and serum, downregulate the expression of interferon-γ and upregulate the expression of FXR mRNA, and inhibit Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) mRNA. The IHC results showed that moxibustion could upregulate the expression of FXR and mucin2 and inhibit TLR4 expression. Western blot showed that moxibustion inhibited the protein expression of TLR4 and MyD88 and upregulated the expression of FXR. Immunofluorescence image analysis showed that moxibustion increased the colocalization sites and intensity of FXR with TLR4 or nuclear factor-κB p65. In particular, herb-partitioned moxibustion has more advantages in improving BA and upregulating FXR and TLR4 in the colon.@*CONCLUSION@#Mild moxibustion and herb-partitioned moxibustion can improve CD by regulating the enterohepatic circulation stability of BA, activating colonic FXR, regulating the TLR4/MyD88 pathway, inhibiting intestinal inflammation and repairing the intestinal mucosal barrier. Herb-partitioned moxibustion seems to have more advantages in regulating BA enterohepatic circulation and FXR activation. Please cite this article as: Shen JC, Qi Q, Han D, Lu Y, Huang R, Zhu Y, Zhang LS, Qin XD, Zhang F, Wu HG, Liu HR. Moxibustion improves experimental colitis in rats with Crohn's disease by regulating bile acid enterohepatic circulation and intestinal farnesoid X receptor. J Integr Med. 2023; 21(2): 194-204.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Crohn Disease/pathology , Moxibustion/methods , Toll-Like Receptor 4/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88/metabolism , Colitis , Inflammation , Enterohepatic Circulation , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
2.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 239-248, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912863

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the therapeutic effect of mild moxibustion on irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) visceral hyperalgesiamodel rats and its regulatory effect on P2X3 receptors in the spinal cord, anterior cingutate cortex (ACC) and thalamic ventral posterolateral nucleus (VPL). Methods: Thirty 8-day-old newborn rats were randomly divided into a normal group (n=6) and a modeling group (n=24) according to the completely random number table method. Rats in the normal group were bred routinely, and those in the modeling group were subjected to preparing IBS chronic visceral hyperalgesia model using colorectal distention (CRD) in stimulation method. Rats successfully modelled were re-divided into a model group, a mild moxibustion group, a P2X3 receptor antagonist group, and a normal saline group according to the completely random number table method with 6 rats in each group. Rats in each group received corresponding interventions from the 37-day old, once a day for 7 consecutive days. Immunohistochemistry and Western blot assays were used to detect P2X3 protein expressions in the spinal cord, ACC and VPL of rats. Results: Under different intensities of CRD stimulation, the abdominal withdrawal reflex (AWR) scores of the model group were significantly increased versus the normal group (all P<0.05); the AWR scores of the mild moxibustion group and the P2X3 receptor antagonist group were significantly reduced versus the model group (all P<0.01). The P2X3 protein expressions in rat spinal cord, ACC and VPL tissues of the model group were significantly increased versus the normal group (all P<0.01); the P2X3 protein expressions in rat spinal cord, ACC and VPL tissues of the mild moxibustion group and the P2X3 receptor antagonist group were significantly reduced versus the model group (all P<0.01). Conclusion: Mild moxibustion can inhibit the P2X3 receptor expressions in the spinal cord, ACC, and VPL tissues of IBS visceral hyperalgesia model rats, which may be the mechanism of mild moxibustion in relieving the central sensitization of rats with IBS visceral hyperalgesia.

3.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 17-22, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877542

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of acupuncture-moxibustion on negative emotions and plasma tryptophan (Trip)-kynurenine (Kyn) metabolism in the patients with Crohn's disease (CD) at the mild and moderate active stage.@*METHODS@#A total of 66 CD patients were randomized into an observation group (33 cases, 1 case dropped off) and a control group (33 cases, 2 cases dropped off). In the observation group, acupuncture was applied in combination with moxibustion. In the control group, the sham-acupuncture was used in combination with sham-moxibustion. In both of the observation group and the control group, acupuncture was applied to Zhongwan (CV 12), Shangjuxu (ST 37), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Gongsun (SP 4), Hegu (LI 4), Quchi (LI 11), Taixi (KI 3) and Taichong (LR 3), and moxibustion was applied to Tianshu (ST 25) and Zusanli (ST 36). The treatment was given once every two days, 3 times a week, totally for 12 weeks. Separately, before and after treatment, the score of the hospital anxiety-depression scale (HADS) and the score of intestinal core symptoms (degree of abdominal pain and frequency of diarrhea) were observed in the patients of the two groups. The concentration of plasma indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1) and the ratios of Kyn/Trp, QuinA/Kyn, KynA/Kyn and KynA/QuinA were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared with before treatment, the scores of HADS-A and HADS-D in the observation group and the score of HADS-A in the control group were all reduced after treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture and moxibustion relieve the negative emotions of anxiety and depression in CD patients at mild and moderate active stage, which is probably related to the regulation of plasma Trp-Kyn metabolic pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Crohn Disease/therapy , Emotions , Moxibustion , Plasma , Treatment Outcome , Tryptophan
4.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 931-939, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921298

ABSTRACT

Endothelial tight junctions (TJs) serve as an important barrier in vascular endothelial structure and maintain vascular function homeostasis. Occludin, the most representative tight junction protein, is involved in sealing cell connections and maintaining the integrity and permeability of vascular endothelium. Recent studies have shown that alterations in the expression, distribution, and structure of endothelial TJs may lead to many related vascular diseases and pathologies (such as stroke, atherosclerosis, and pulmonary hypertension etc.). Here, we reviewed the research advances on the relationship between occludin and vascular endothelial injury, including the biological information of occludin, the signal pathways that occludin exerts the protective effect of vascular endothelium, and the relationship between occludin and vascular endothelial injury-related diseases.


Subject(s)
Endothelium, Vascular , Occludin/genetics , Signal Transduction , Tight Junctions
5.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 187-195, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777197

ABSTRACT

Renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is involved in the regulation of vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) tension. Angiotensin II (Ang II) as the main effector molecule of RAS can increase the intracellular Ca concentration and cause VSMCs contraction by activating angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R). The large-conductance Ca- and voltage-activated potassium (BK) channel is an essential potassium channel in VSMCs, playing an important role in maintaining membrane potential and intracellular potassium-calcium balance. The BK channel in VSMCs mainly consists of α and β1 subunits. Functional BKα subunits contain voltage-sensors and Ca binding sites. Hence, increase in the membrane potential or intracellular Ca concentration can trigger the opening of the BK channel by mediating transient K outward current in a negative regulatory manner. However, increasing evidence has shown that although Ang II can raise the intracellular Ca concentration, it also inhibits the expression and function of the BK channel by activating the PKC pathway, internalizing AT1R-BKα heterodimer, or dissociating α and β1 subunits. Under some specific conditions, Ang II can also activate the BK channel, but the underlying mechanism remains unknown. In this review, we summarize the potential mechanisms underlying the inhibitory or activating effect of Ang II on the BK channel, hoping that it could provide a theoretical basis for improving intracellular ion imbalance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angiotensin II , Physiology , Calcium , Physiology , Large-Conductance Calcium-Activated Potassium Channels , Physiology , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular , Cell Biology , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Physiology , Renin-Angiotensin System
6.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 467-472, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775883

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical efficacy of electroacupuncture nerve stimulation therapy (ENST) for interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome (IC/PBS).@*METHODS@#A total of 68 patients with IC/PBS were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 34 cases in each one. The patients in the observation group were treated with ENST; abdominal four acupoints and sacral four acupoints were connected with a pair of electrodes and treated alternately every other day. The ENST was given 50 min per times, three times a week for 3 months. The patients in the control group were treated with perfusion therapy of four-medication combination (heparin sodinm, lidocaine, sodium bicarbonate, gentamicin sulfate), twice a week for the first 6-8 weeks, followed by twice per month for 3 months. The infusion fluid remained for 1 h before discharging. The O' Leary-Sant score, including interstitial cystitis symptom index (ICSI) and interstitial cystitis problem index (ICPI), 24 h urination frequency, visual analogue scale (VAS) and maximum bladder volume were observed before treatment and treatment of 1 month, 3 months and 6 months after treatment respectively; the adverse events during the treatment were also recorded.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the O'Leary-Sant score (ICSI, ICPI), 24 h urination frequency, VAS and maximum bladder volume in the two groups were improved after 1, 3 months treatment and 6 months after treatment (all <0.05). The scores of ICSI, ICPI, VAS and 24 h urination frequency in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group (<0.05). The maximum bladder volume in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group (<0.05). Six months after treatment, the total effective rate in the observation group was 87.5% (28/32), which was higher than 69.7% (23/33) in the control group (<0.01). No significant adverse events occurred during the treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#ENST could effectively relieve the clinical symptoms of IC/PBS, but its long-term efficacy needs further observation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cystitis, Interstitial , Therapeutics , Electroacupuncture , Pain , Pain Management , Treatment Outcome , Urinary Bladder Diseases , Therapeutics
7.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 310-318, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687823

ABSTRACT

The complement C1q/TNF related protein (CTRP) family is rapidly growing and currently comprises 15 members. Although CTRP proteins share a common structure composed of four distinct domains: a signal peptide at the N terminus, a short variable region, a collagenous domain, and a C-terminal globular domain, which is homologous to adiponectin, each CTRP has a unique tissue expression profile and varied function. In this review we focus on the biochemistry and pleiotropic functions of CTRPs as new molecular mediators regulating cardiovascular metabolic disorders and its related risk factors diseases.

8.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 343-353, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687819

ABSTRACT

Myocardial fibrosis (MF) is an important pathological process of cardiac remodeling in patients with heart failure; however its etiology has not been clear. It has been known that the angiotensin II type 1 receptor autoantibody (AT1-AA) is present in patients with heart failure, but it is unclear whether this antibody directly causes MF. In this study, we investigated the role of AT1-AA in MF and its effects on cardiac fibroblasts (CFs). The AT1-AA positive rat model was established by active immunization method, and the measurement of indexes were made in the 8th week after active immunity. The results of heart echocardiography showed that the cardiac systolic and diastolic functions of AT1-AA positive rats were impaired with reduced left ventricular wall thickness and enlarged heart chambers. HE staining results showed that the myocardial fibers were disorganized and ruptured, and Masson staining revealed that the area of collagen fibers around the myocardium and coronary arteries was significantly increased in AT1-AA positive group compared with that of the control group (P < 0.05). Moreover, primary CFs isolated from neonatal rats were cultured and treated with AT1-AA for 48 h. CCK-8 and immunofluorescence staining results showed that AT1-AA enhanced proliferation rate of CFs (P < 0.001), and Western blot results showed that AT1-AA significantly increased expressions of collagen I (Col I), Col III, matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and MMP-9 in CFs (all P < 0.05). Taken together, these results suggest that AT1-AA may induce MF and cardiac dysfunction via activating CFs.

9.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 137-140, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236365

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To build a type 2 diabetes mellitus rat model with cardiac ischemia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Male Wistar rats were fed high sucrose and high fat diet for four weeks and then injected with streptozoticin (STZ) (40 mg/kg .i.p.). The levels of fasting blood glucose and serum insulin were monitored every week. The body weights of rats were also measured every week. The blood levels of creatine kinase and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were measured following the electrocardiograph used BL-410 biological experiment system.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The serum insulin levels of diabetic rats were 4.05 ng/ml after four weeks high sucrose and high fat diet. The fasting blood glucose levels of diabetic rats were 17.9 mmol/L after injection. Compared with normal group, there was obvious change of S-T segment in the electrocardiograph of diabetic group at the fourteenth week. The levels of creatine kinase and lactate dehydrogenase in diabetic group significantly increased in comparison with those in normal group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The cardiac ischemia of diabetic rats model is suitable for investigating cardiac disease of diabetes mellitus.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Creatine Kinase , Blood , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Diet, High-Fat , Dietary Sucrose , Disease Models, Animal , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Blood , Myocardial Ischemia , Rats, Wistar , Streptozocin
10.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 214-217, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236343

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>In our study, the function of the third-order branches of the mesentenc artery was measured by microvascular ring technique, which can be used to detect microvascular function in some disease related to microvascular dysfunction.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Isolated, fixed, standardized and then activated the third-order branches of rat mesenteric artery. Microvascular tone was measured by systolic and diastolic drags respectively, with the help of DMT tension apparatus and PowerLab data acquisition system.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The third-order branches of rat mesenteric artery showed excellent response to vasoactive drugs. The contraction effect of norepinephrine (NE) reached 19 in mN. When acetylcholine (Ach) or sodium nitroprusside (SNP) of 10(9)-10(5)mol/L was added, vascular tones showed gradient drop: 80% of maximal relaxation when adding ACh, while 95% of maximal relaxation when adding SNP.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The third-order branches of the mesenteric artery function was successfully detected by using microvascular ring technique.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Acetylcholine , Pharmacology , In Vitro Techniques , Mesenteric Arteries , Physiology , Nitroprusside , Pharmacology , Norepinephrine , Pharmacology , Vasoconstrictor Agents , Pharmacology , Vasodilation , Physiology , Vasodilator Agents , Pharmacology
11.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 175-185, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297503

ABSTRACT

Since the autoantibodies against the second extracellular loop of β(1)-adrenoceptor (β(1)-AABs) have been found in the sera of patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM), the involvement of autoimmune mechanisms in the pathogenesis of many cardiovascular diseases has extensively been investigated. Our previous study found that urinary occult blood and protein excretion were frequently found in the rats with positive β(1)-AABs, but the mechanisms are unclear. Therefore, we infused the β(1)-AABs into the vein periodically in an attempt to investigate whether β(1)-AABs could induce morphological and functional changes in the kidneys of adult and aged rats and explore the possible mechanisms. The synthetic peptide according to the sequences of the second extracellular loop of β(1)-adrenoceptor (β(1)-AR-ECII) was used to immunize the adult rats to acquire enough β(1)-AABs for use. Neonatal rat ventricular myocytes (NRVMs) culture was used to observe the biological effects of β(1)-AABs on the beating rate. The purified β(1)-AABs were transfused into the vein of rats. The sera level of blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine (CR), uric acid (UA), urinary specific gravity, protein excretion, occult blood and urinary glucose were detected at the different time points by biochemistry and urine analyzers. HE and Masson's trichrome staining were used to detect the changes in kidney structure of passively immunized rats. Enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) and β(1)-AR-EGFP plasmids were transfected into the human embryonic kidney 293 (HEK293) cells in order to observe the changes in cell injury with the treatment of β(1)-AABs. It was found that the sera level of BUN, CR and UA increased gradually and the ratio of BUN to CR decreased progressively with the administration of β(1)-AABs. The increasing of proteinuria, urinary occult blood and urinary glucose was detected by urine analyzer in β(1)-AABs group. By HE and Masson's coloration, lots of mononuclear cell infiltration and collagen fibers deposition could be observed at the 24th week of immunization. After the treatment of β(1)-AABs, the caspase-3 activity increased significantly in the HEK293 cells transfected with β(1)-AR-EGFP plasmids, while no significant changes were observed for lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity. The results indicate that long-term presence of β(1)-AABs can induce the morphological and functional damage of the kidneys in adult and aged rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Rats , Acute Kidney Injury , Allergy and Immunology , Autoantibodies , Allergy and Immunology , HEK293 Cells , Myocytes, Cardiac , Physiology , Receptors, Adrenergic, beta-1 , Allergy and Immunology
12.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 293-300, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-333103

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to explore the effects of hypoxic postconditioning (PostC) on heart-derived H9c2 cells injury induced by hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) and the expression of hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), and to analyze the relationship between them. Cultured H9c2 cardiac muscle cells were subjected to 3-hour hypoxia and 2-hour reoxygenation to simulate ischemia and reperfusion, or underwent 3 cycles of 5-min reoxygenation and 5-min hypoxia preceding the long reoxygenation to simulate ischemic postconditioning. Cell viability, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity, and caspase-3 activity were detected respectively to investigate the cell injury induced by H/R. The level of HIF-1α mRNA was measured by real-time PCR. Western blot was used to determine HIF-1α protein level. The results showed that postconditioning significantly increased H9c2 cell viability, reduced the activity of LDH and caspase-3. Simultaneously, postconditioning up-regulated the HIF-1α protein level. Moreover, after DMOG, an inhibitor of proline hydroxylase (PHD) which targeted to HIF-1α degradation, was used to stabilize HIF-1α protein level, the reduction of H9c2 cells injury was comparable to that by postconditioning. There was a significant linear positive relationship between HIF-1α protein level and cell viability (r = 0.743, P < 0.01). After HIF-1α gene was silenced by siRNA, the cardio-protective effects of postconditioning was significantly weakened. These data suggest that up-regulation of HIF-1α plays an important role in the cardio-protection of postconditioning.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Cell Hypoxia , Cell Line , Cell Survival , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit , Metabolism , Ischemic Postconditioning , Myocytes, Cardiac , Metabolism , Up-Regulation
13.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 319-327, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-329875

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore whether ischemic postconditioning can attenuate the myocardial injury induced by ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) in hypercholesteremic rats and whether hypoxia inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha) play a role in the protection.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Adult male Wistar rats received a high fat diet for 8 weeks to prepare the hypercholesteremic models. Myocardial damage induced by ischemia/reperfusion was evaluated by infarct size, creatine kinase (CK) activity and myocardial apoptosis. HIF-1alpha mRNA level was detected by real time-RT-PCR and the protein level was detected by Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Myocardial infarct size, CK activity, and caspase-3 activity induced by I/R were markedly increased in hypercholesteremic rats compared with those in normal rats. Ischemic postconditioning attenuated the myocardial injury in both normal rats and hypercholesteremic rats, and increased HIF-1alpha protein level. There was a significant linear inverse relationship between HIF-1alpha protein level and infarct size (r = -0.802, P <0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Hypercholesteremia enhanced the susceptibility of myocardia to ischemia/reperfusion injury. While ischemic postconditioning markedly attenuated the increase of myocardial susceptibility to I/R induced by hypercholesteremia. HIF-1alpha might be one of the mechanisms of protection by ischemic postconditioning.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Apoptosis , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Creatine Kinase , Metabolism , Disease Susceptibility , Hypercholesterolemia , Metabolism , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit , Metabolism , Ischemic Postconditioning , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Rats, Wistar
14.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 149-154, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337691

ABSTRACT

Antibody against the angiotensin AT1 receptor (AT1-Ab) could disturb placental development. The placenta is the key organ between mother and fetus. Placental damage will seriously impair fetal growth and development in utero, leading to intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). Based on the fetal origins of adult disease (FOAD) hypothesis, IUGR could increase a propensity to develop adult onset cardiovascular disease (CVD). The present study was designed to determine whether vascular function has changed in the adult offspring of AT1-Ab positive pregnant rats. Twenty four female rats (8-week-old, AT1-Ab negative) were randomly divided into two groups, immunized and vehicle groups. Immunized group received active immunization to establish AT1-Ab-positive model, while vehicle group was subjected to Freund's adjuvant without antigen. After 8 weeks of immunization, the antibody titers in sera from the female rats were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Then all the female rats were mated with normal Wistar male rats and became pregnant. Immunized/vehicle group offspring rats (I offspring/V offspring) were raised to 40-week-old under standard chow feeding. Then the two groups' offspring rats were given a high-salt diet for 12 weeks (4% NaCl in chow feeding). Systolic blood pressure (SBP) was measured dynamically by noninvasive blood pressure system. The vascular ring experiment was performed to detect vascular function and reactivity. As detected by ELISA, the titers of antibody peaked at the 8th week (OD values: 2.75 ± 0.08 vs 0.33 ± 0.01, P < 0.01 vs vehicle group at the same time point). There was no significant difference of SBP between the two groups' offspring rats during the high-salt diet (P > 0.05). Isolated thoracic aortic rings of I offspring had significantly decreased constriction under norepinephrine treatment (P < 0.01 vs V offspring) and significantly decreased dilation under acetylcholine treatment (P < 0.05 vs V offspring). These results suggest that the offspring of AT1-Ab-positive pregnant rats are more susceptible to vascular functional abnormality while being fed high-salt diet.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Rats , Antibodies , Blood , Cardiovascular Diseases , Disease Susceptibility , Fetal Growth Retardation , Immunization , Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects , Rats, Wistar , Receptor, Angiotensin, Type 1 , Allergy and Immunology , Sodium Chloride, Dietary
15.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 257-260, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-340177

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the distribution characteristics of autoantibody against beta1 adrenergic receptor (beta1 AR) in the sera of arrhythmia patients and whether the autoantibody could induce arrhythmia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Healthy subjects and patients with arrhythmia or coronary artery disease were chosen. The autoantibody against beta1 AR in the sera was screened by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). IgG in the positive autoantibody sera from arrhythmia patients were purified and administrated to normal rats; then the ECGs were dynamic monitored.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The positive rate of autoantibody against beta1 AR in arrhythmia patients was 52.8%, which was significantly higher than that in coronary heart disease group (24%, P < 0.01) and healthy people group (5%, P < 0.01), respectively. Moreover, the autoantibody against beta1 AR could lead to the occurring of arrhythmia in normal rats, most of which were ventricular arrhythmia.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In the sera of arrhythmia patients, the autoantibody against beta1 AR has a high titer and it could lead to the arrhythmia of rats in vivo.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Rats , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Allergy and Immunology , Autoantibodies , Blood , Allergy and Immunology , Case-Control Studies , Immunoglobulin G , Blood , Receptors, Adrenergic, beta-1 , Allergy and Immunology
16.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 233-235, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283876

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To detect the B cell activating factor (BAFF) and explore its significance in patients with warm autoimmune hemolytic anemia (WAIHA).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The levels of serum soluble BAFF (sBAFF) and BAFF mRNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in 30 healthy volunteers (control group) and 43 patients with WAIHA were measured by ELISA and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The levels of serum sBAFF and BAFF mRNA in PBMCs in pretreatment group \[2311 (825 approximately 6523) ng/L and 884 (463 approximately 2346) ng/L\] was significanly higher than those in posttreatment group\[1205(358 approximately 5014) ng/L and 446(138 approximately 2699) ng/L\] and control group\[1128 (590 approximately 3201) ng/L and 341 (102 approximately 965) ng/L\] (both P < 0.01), the difference between the posttreatment group and control group was not statistically significant. There was no significant difference between therapy responsive and nonresponsive groups before treatment. There was a significant difference between the pre- and post-treatment resuets in responsive group (P < 0.01), but not in nonresponsive group (P > 0.05). The serum levels of sBAFF was positively correlated with the levels of the BAFF mRNA in PBMCs both in pre- and post therapy group (both P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The levels of serum sBAFF and BAFF mRNA in PBMCs are increased in patients with WAIHA, their dynamic alterations may contribute to the development of WAIHA.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Anemia, Hemolytic, Autoimmune , B-Cell Activating Factor , Genetics , Interleukin-4 , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , RNA, Messenger , Genetics
17.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 569-572, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301559

ABSTRACT

<p><b>AIM</b>To prepare the working standards of 3-nitrotyrosine (3-NT) and establish a two-antibody-sandwich ELISA for determining the concentration of peroxynitrite in the tissue.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Nitrated bovine serum albumin was prepared by additions of an alkaline stock solution of peroxynitrite which was synthesized by a quenched-flow reactor. The monoclone anti-3-NT antibody from mouse was used as coating antibody and the polyclone anti-3-NT antibody from as labeling antibody to prepare the standard work curve by orthogonal design. The concentrations of 3-NT in cardiac tissue from rats subjected to myocardial ischemia and reperfusion (MI/R) were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A two-antibody-sandwich ELISA method for measuring 3-NT content in biological fluids and homogenates was successfully established. The detecting limit was 0.1 ng x ml(-1) and the linear range of standard work curve was 0.15 - 7.50 ng x ml(-1) (r2 = 0.995). The 3-NT concentration in cardiac tissue from rats subjected to MI/R (1022.42 +/- 97.35 ng x mg pro(-1)) was significantly higher than that in the sham group (246.58 +/- 56.52 ng x mg pro(-1), P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A two-antibody-sandwich ELISA was established for determining the 3-NT concentration in the tissue and conveniently, quickly, accurately quantitative analysis of the content of 3-NT. The assay provides a new method for quantitative analysis of the peroxyinitrite in the future.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Methods , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Myocardium , Chemistry , Peroxynitrous Acid , Rats, Wistar , Sensitivity and Specificity , Tyrosine
18.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 99-102, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258001

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the clinical therapeutic effect of acupuncture combined with Chinese herbs on polycystic ovary syndrome of kidney deficiency and phlegm stasis type and probe into the mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty-three cases of polycystic ovary syndrome of kidney deficiency and phlegm stasis type were randomly divided in to a combined acupuncture and Chinese herb group (n=32) treated with acupuncture at Qihai (CV 6), Guanyuan (CV 4), et al. and oral administration of Chinese herbs, and a simple Chinese herb group (n=31) treated with oral administration of the same Chinese herbs as in the combined acupuncture and Chinese herb group. The therapeutic effects and changes of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteotropic hormone (LH), testosterone (T) and LH/FSH were compared between the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The total effective rate was 93.8% in the combined acupuncture and Chinese herb group and 80.6% in the simple Chinese herb group, the former being significantly better than the latter (P < 0.05). The decrease of T in the combined acupuncture and Chinese herb group was significantly su perior to that in the simple Chinese herb group (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Acupuncture combined with Chinese herb therapy is superior to the simple Chinese herb in the clinical therapeutic effect on polycystic ovary syndrome of kidney deficiency and phlegm stasis type and decrease of T level, indicating this method is a better one for polycystic ovary syndrome of kidney deficiency and phlegm stasis type.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Acupuncture Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Kidney , Phytotherapy , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Sputum , Metabolism
19.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 49-55, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-292950

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To probe the diagnostic value of the infrared radiation spectrum of acupoint for ulcerative colitis (UC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A high sensitivity PHE 201 infrared spectrum instrument was used to determine the infrared radiation spectrum of Hegu (LI 4) and Shangjuxu (ST 37) in 34 cases of UC.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of 59 waves detected, there were significant differences in infrared radiation intensity of 28 different waves between the healthy people and the patients with UC in right Hegu (LI 4) (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01) and 13 waves in left Hegu (LI 4) (P < 0.05); there were significant differences in 16 different waves in right Shangjuxu (ST 37) (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01) and in 17 waves in left Shangjuxu (ST 37) (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01); there was a significant difference in 18 waves between right and left Hegu (LI 4) of the patients (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01) and 7 waves between right and left Hegu (LI 4) of the healthy people (P < 0.05). There was a significant difference in 4 waves between right and left Shangjuxu (ST 37) of the patients and one wave between right and left Shangjuxu (ST 37) of the healthy people (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Both Hegu (LI 4) and Shangjuxu (ST 37) show changes of infrared radiation spectrum when the intestine gets lesion, and Hegu (LI 4) can better show the change.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Colitis, Ulcerative , Therapeutics , Infrared Rays , Intestine, Large
20.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 59-62, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351922

ABSTRACT

The scholars at home and abroad pay great attention to the studies of specificities of acupoints, but the studies were superficial and non-systemic because of lacking to application of modern sciences and technology. There are not persuasive conclusive achievements for the specificities of acupoints and the key factors influencing the effect of acupuncture. The study of the specificities of acupoints should be concentrate on the diseases for which acupuncture and moxibustion are effective. And multiple modern sciences and techniques should be adopted to resolve the key problems about biological and physical characteristics, pathological response, effects and law of compatibility of acupoints usually selected for the diseases, and then to create the model of the theory about the specificities of acupoints and to richen and develop the theory of the specificity of acupoints.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Research
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