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1.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1069-1074, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827159

ABSTRACT

Abstract  Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a malignant clonal proliferative hematological tumor that originates from hematopoietic stem progenitor cells. Traditional chemotherapy can achieve complete remission in most patients, but so far, only allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is the only way to cure AML. Recurrence, drug resistance, and transplant-related deaths remain a key issue for AML treatment. Therefore, finding new treatments to improve the prognosis of patients with AML is urgently needed. In recent years, the emergence of new immunotherapy has revolutionized the concept of cancer treatment in the past few decades. Cellular immunotherapy represented by chimeric-antigen receptor T cell (CAR-T) and immunological detection point inhibitor represented by PD-1 blockade have achieved remarkable effects in hematological malignancies. This article mainly reviews the recent research progress of CAR-T and PD-1 blockade in the clinical treatment of AML.


Subject(s)
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Immunotherapy, Adoptive , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen
2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1933-1938, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879995

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L) on the proliferation, apoptosis, and cell cycle of human non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) cells, and analyze its possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#NHL CA46 cell and Raji cell were treated with different concentrations of sCD40L for 48 h, CCK-8 was used to detect the effect of sCD40L on cell proliferation in vitro, flow cytometry on apoptosis and cycle of NHL cells, and Western blot on the expression of PTEN, BCL-2, and BAX in NHL cells.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, 4 and 8 μg/ml sCD40L could significantly inhibit the proliferation of lymphoma Raji cell and CA46 cell (P<0.05). The test results of flow cytometry showed that 4 μg/ml sCD40L could significantly promote the apoptosis of CA46 and Raji cells, and significantly inhibit the S phase proportions (P<0.05). Western blot results showed that sCD40L could promote the expression of PTEN and BAX, while inhibit the expression of BCL-2 (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#sCD40L can promote the apoptosis and inhibit the proliferation of NHL cells through the PTEN signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , CD40 Ligand , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Family , Humans , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1767-1775, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775145

ABSTRACT

Background@#Prospective real-life data on the safety and effectiveness of rituximab in Chinese patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) or follicular lymphoma (FL) are limited. This real-world study aimed to evaluate long-term safety and effectiveness outcomes of rituximab plus chemotherapy (R-chemo) as first-line treatment in Chinese patients with DLBCL or FL. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation management was also investigated.@*Methods@#A prospective, multicenter, single-arm, noninterventional study of previously untreated CD20-positive DLBCL or FL patients receiving first-line R-chemo treatment at 24 centers in China was conducted between January 17, 2011 and October 31, 2016. Enrolled patients underwent safety and effectiveness assessments after the last rituximab dose and were followed up for 3 years. Effectiveness endpoints included progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Safety endpoints were adverse events (AEs), serious AEs, drug-related AEs, and AEs of special interest. We also reported data on the incidence of HBV reactivation.@*Results@#In total, 283 previously untreated CD20-positive DLBCL and 31 FL patients from 24 centers were enrolled. Three-year PFS was 59% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 50-67%) for DLBCL patients and 46% (95% CI: 20-69%) for FL patients. For DLBCL patients, multivariate analyses showed that PFS was not associated with international prognostic index, tumor maximum diameter, HBV infection status, or number of rituximab treatment cycles, and OS was only associated with age >60 years (P < 0.05). R-chemo was well tolerated. The incidence of HBV reactivation in hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-positive and HBsAg-negative/hepatitis B core antibody-positive patients was 13% (3/24) and 4% (3/69), respectively.@*Conclusions@#R-chemo is effective and safe in real-world clinical practice as first-line treatment for DLBCL and FL in China, and that HBV reactivation during R-chemo is manageable with preventive measures and treatment.@*Trial Registration@#ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01340443; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01340443.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , China , Cyclophosphamide , Doxorubicin , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lymphoma, Follicular , Drug Therapy , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Drug Therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Rituximab , Therapeutic Uses , Vincristine
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1872-1875, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774369

ABSTRACT

Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAF), as one of the most important components of tumor microenvironment, which plays important role in tumorigenesis, development, infiltration and metastasis of cancers. In a variety of solid tumors, CAF can even determine the fate of tumor cells. In view of its pivotal role in promoting tumor progression, CAF has recently become a therapeutic target for a variety of tumors. However, there are a few studies on CAF in hematological malignancies. Recent studies have found that the resistance, relapse of AML, MM, CLL and myelofibrosis of MPN closely relate with CAF, so targeting CAF can effectively enhance the killing effect of chemotherapy drugs on tumor cells, thus improve the efficacy, CAF is expected to become a new target for the treatment of hematological malignancies. This review summarizes recent advances in cancer-associated fibroblasts in hematological malignancies.


Subject(s)
Cancer-Associated Fibroblasts , Fibroblasts , Hematologic Neoplasms , Humans , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Tumor Microenvironment
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272505

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of decitabine on Dickkopf-1 (DKK1) gene expression level and its downstream Wnt signaling pathway in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell line HL-60.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Flow cytometry and DNA ladder analysis were performed to detect apoptosis in HL-60 cell treated with different concentration of decitabine. Methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (MS-PCR) was used to examine the methylation status of DKK1 gene. The expressions of mRNA and protein were determined by qRT-PCR and Western blot, respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Flow cytometric detection showed that after treating HL-60 cell line with decitabine of different concentrations for 48 h, the early apoptosis of HL-60 cells increased significantly as compared with control group (P < 0.05). DNA ladder analysis showed that the DNA ladder and demethylation of DKK1 gene appeared. RT-PCR and Western blot showed that the expressions of mRNA and protein increased. The protein expressions of β-catenin and C-MYC decreased.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The decitabine can promote the apoptosis of HL-60 cells throngh demethylation of DDK1 gene and inhibition of Wnt signalling pathway.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Azacitidine , Pharmacology , DNA Methylation , Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial , Genes, myc , HL-60 Cells , Humans , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Metabolism , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Pathology , RNA, Messenger , Wnt Signaling Pathway , beta Catenin , Metabolism
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1190-1193, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-274068

ABSTRACT

A number of studies have demonstrated that the methylation of Dickkopf-1 (DKK1) gene promoter is related with the occurrence and development of many neoplastic diseases. By means of binding with corresponding receptors, DKK1 blocks the transduction pathway of Wnt/β-catenin/TCF and inhibits the proliferation and invasion of tumor cells, inducing apoptosis. Leukemia is a hyperplastic disease of hematopoietic stem cell malignant clone. Its pathogenesis has been confirmed to be closely related with the aberrant activation of Wnt signaling pathway. This pathway is associated with the self-renewal and proliferation of the hematopoietic stem cells, which can regulate growth, differentiation, migration of the cells, angiogenesis and embryonic development. Its expression is regulated by some suppressor genes like Dickkopf 1 (DKK1). Leukemia often accompanied by methylation modification of the DKK1 gene, so as to leads to silencing itself and activation of the Wnt signaling pathway, which cause the occurrence of leukemia. Some therapeutic methods on leukemia aiming at DKK1 gene have been reported, among which DKK1 gene was demethylated. The intensive study on the expression and function of DKK1 should be important for the early diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. This article reviews the current progress in this field.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Differentiation , Gene Expression Regulation, Leukemic , Humans , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Leukemia , Wnt Proteins , Wnt Signaling Pathway , beta Catenin
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278476

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the effect of AMN107 (nilotinib) combined with heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) inhibitor zinc protoporphyrin IX (ZnPPIX) on chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) cells and its mechanism. Proliferative rate of cells treated with AMN107 (10 µmol/L) and ZnPPIX (10 µmol/L) alone or both for different time was observed by MTT and trypan blue methods; the expression of HO-1 in the control group, ZnPPIX (10 µmol/L) group, AMN107 (10 µmol/L) group, AMN107 (10 µmol/L) combined with ZnPPIX (10 µmol/L) group was evaluated by semi-quantitative RT-PCR and Western blot at 48 h. Cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry with Annexin V/PI double staining at 48 h. The results showed that the strongest inhibition of cell proliferation was detected in combined group, and in a time-dependent manner; the expression level of HO-1 was lowest in combined group; the cell apoptosis rates were (11.38 ± 0.02)%, (17.44 ± 0.08)%, (39.81 ± 0.07)% and (56.46 ± 0.19)% in the control group, ZnPPIX group, AMN107 group, AMN107 combined with ZnPPIX group at 48 h respectively. It is concluded that the second-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor AMN107 can induce the apoptosis in CML cells. Inhibition of HO-1 expression can enhance the killing effect of AMN107 on CML cells, which provides experimental evidence to further improve the clinical efficacy of CML treatment.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Heme Oxygenase-1 , Humans , K562 Cells , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Pathology , Protoporphyrins , Pharmacology , Pyrimidines , Pharmacology
8.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 906-910, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278303

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish a bcr-abl(+) cell line resistance to nilotinib, and to investigate the possible mechanisms of resistance.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>K562 cells were treated with gradually increasing concentrations of nilotinib to generate resistance cell line K562-RN. The folder of drug-resistance was evaluated by MTT assay. Cells apoptosis rate was detected by flow cytometry, the mRNA level of bcr-abl fusion gene by FISH, and the expression of apoptosis relative gene mRNA and protein (such as bcr-abl, HO-1, mdr1, Bcl-2 and caspase-3) by RQ-PCR and western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The resistant cell line K562-RN was successfully established, with 2.01 fold resistant to nilotinib compared with K562 cell line \[the IC(50) value of nilotinib to K562 and K562-RN were (12.320 ± 1.720) µmol/L and (24.742 ± 2.310) µmol/L, respectively\]. It also had the cross resistance to adriamycin, homoharringtonine, etoposide and imatinib. Treated with different concentrations of nilotinib, cell apoptosis rate of K562-RN was significantly lower than that of K562 cells. The rate of bcr-abl gene positive cells was 92% in K562-RN by FISH assay. The mRNA and protein levels of bcr-abl, HO-1 and mdr1 expression up-regulated in K562-RN cells, while those of caspase-3 expression down-regulated, being significantly statistical difference when compared with K562 cells (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Human leukemic cell line resistance to nilotinib, K562-RN is established successfully by gradually increasing concentrations of drug. The mechanisms of resistance in K562-RN is probably associated with increasing expression of bcr-abl, HO-1, mdr1 and decreasing expression of caspase-3 mRNA and protein levels.</p>


Subject(s)
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B , ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1 , Metabolism , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl , Metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Leukemic , Heme Oxygenase-1 , Metabolism , Humans , K562 Cells , Pyrimidines , Pharmacology
9.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 383-387, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-359478

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of retrovirus mediated heme oxygenase (HO)-1 gene on chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) resistance cell apoptosis induced by nilotinib (AMN107).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>High titer viral particles of pQCXIP-EGFP-HO-1 were prepared, and K562/A02 cells stably transfected with HO-1 gene was established. The expression of HO-1 in K562/A02 cells was detected by RT-PCR. After treated with AMN107 for 24 h, HO-1 mRNA and protein expression by RT-PCR and Western blot, respectively; Cell proliferation by MTT assay; bcr-abl fusion gene by RQ-PCR, and the apoptosis and cell cycle by flow cytometry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Recombinant retrovirus vector was constructed successfully and K562/A02/HO-1 cells were successfully set up. The expression of HO-1 in K562/A02 cells was expressed clearly. After three groups cells treated with AMN107 for 24 h, the expression of HO-1 mRNA and protein was significantly higher in gene-transfected group than in either empty vector or no-transfected group. The difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). The cell proliferation ofs was inhibited, but the cell viability was significantly higher in gene-transfected group than in other two groups. The difference was statistically significant(P < 0.05); After treated with 10 µmol/L AMN107 for 24 h, the CT values of bcr-abl fusion gene were (18.15 ± 0.18) in K562/A02/HO-1 group, being significantly higher than that in K562/A02/LXSN (20.32 ± 0.20) and K562/A02 (20.51 ± 0.21) group, the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05); the apoptosis rate were (17.26 ± 0.23)%, (39.47 ± 0.17)%, and (41.84 ± 0.09)%, respectively in three groups, and were (3.74 ± 0.03)%, (5.91 ± 0.08)% in K563/A02/HO-1 untreated with drug and K562/A02 untreated with drug group. The number of G(0)/G(1) phase and S phase cells markedly decreased. The cells were arrested in G(2)/M phase. But cell cycle in gene-transfected group did not change significantly.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>AMN107 inhibits proliferation of CML resistance cells and induces cell apoptosis. HO-1 gene can protect CML resistance cells to apoptosis. There was a relationship between HO-1 gene and the growth of CML resistance cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Heme Oxygenase-1 , Genetics , Humans , K562 Cells , Pyrimidines , Pharmacology , Retroviridae , Genetics , Transfection
10.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 388-391, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251944

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression on cell growth and apoptosis in imatinib resistant chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) cells (K562/A02-IM), and explore the relationship between HO-1 gene and CML.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The expression of HO-1 in 20 drug-resistant CML patients was detected by RT-PCR. Different concentrations of hemin were used to induce HO-1 expression of K562/A02-IM, HO-1 expression at different time was detected by RT-PCR and Western blot analysis. Cell apoptosis was detected by Annexin V/PI staining, and MTT assay was used to detect viability of K562/A02-IM cells after induction or inhibition of HO-1 gene by hemin and zinc protoporphyrin (ZPP).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>RT-PCR showed that HO-1 was expressed in the bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMNCs). When treated with hemin at different concentrations (0, 10, 20, 40 µmol/L) for 16 h, the expression of HO-1 in K562/A02-IM was increased in a dose-dependent manner, and peaked at 20 µmol/L of hemin for 16 h. The apoptosis rates were (17.61 ± 0.01)%, (12.13 ± 0.11)%, (7.94 ± 0.03)% and (4.62 ± 0.15)% at 0,10, 20 and 40 µmol/L of hemin respectively for 16 h and were (14.7 ± 0.05)%, (8.1 ± 0.07)% and (16.3 ± 0.13)% at 20 µmol/L of hemin treatment for 8,16, and 24 h respectively. Hemin induced apoptosis of K562/A02-IM cells in a dose-dependent manner. The expression of HO-1 was induced in K562/A02-IM cells in a dose-dependent manner, and the survival of K562/A02-IM cells was significantly increased as compared to that of control group. When HO-1 was inhibited by ZPP, the cells survival was sharply decreased compared to that of the control group (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>HO-1 was expressed in the BMMNCs. It is a kind of molecules whose expression can be induced and can promote the growth of drug-resistant cells. Inhibition of HO-1 expression probably be used for the treatment of drug-resistant CML.</p>


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Pharmacology , Benzamides , Cell Cycle , Cell Proliferation , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Genetics , Heme Oxygenase-1 , Genetics , Humans , Imatinib Mesylate , K562 Cells , Piperazines , Pharmacology , Pyrimidines , Pharmacology
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243278

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate 6 kinds of human cytokines (IL-2, IL-4, IL-12, IL-13, IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha) in patients with acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL), so as to find their relationship with the disease. The pure monoclonal antibodies were spotted on the prepared NC membrane glass slides under certain conditions to make human cytokine protein microarray. The serum samples were collected from peripheral blood of 28 patients and 25 normal controls, the serum concentration of cytokines was determined by using the protein microarray and ELISA. The results showed that the expression levels of IL-4, IL-12, IL-13, IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha in ALL patients were lower than those in the normal controls, but ELISA indicated that the expression of TNF-alpha in ALL patients and normal controls was negative. In conclusion, both cellular and humoral immunity are all inhibited in patients with ALL. Microarray is more sensitive than ELISA.


Subject(s)
Adult , Case-Control Studies , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Female , Humans , Immunity, Cellular , Immunity, Humoral , Interferon-gamma , Blood , Interleukin-12 , Blood , Interleukin-13 , Blood , Interleukin-2 , Blood , Interleukin-4 , Blood , Male , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Blood , Allergy and Immunology , Protein Array Analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Blood
12.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 721-725, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-353561

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To construct a eukaryotic expression vector containing aldehyde dehydrogenase-2 (ALDH2) gene and investigate the effects and its possible mechanisms of ALDH2 gene on cell proliferation and anti-oxidative damage in the K562 cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>An eukaryotic expression vector containing the ALDH2 gene cloned from human hepatocytes was constructed and transfected into K562 cells by liposome. RT-PCR and Western blot were used to evaluate the expression of ALDH2. MTT assay was used to check the cell proliferation and trypan blue exclusion to check K562 cells damage induced by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). RT-PCR and fluorescence spectrophotometry were used to determine the expression of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and the generation of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>RT-PCR and Western blot analysis showed distinct higher ALDH2 protein expression in gene transfected group. The latter group had a higher cell proliferation (P < 0.05) and survival rate against H2O2 induced-oxidative damage, being increased by 7.8 times (IC(50) was 12.3 µmol/L and 1.4 µmol/L for K562-pcDNA3.1-ALDH2 and control cells, respectively, P < 0.01). The HO-1 mRNA expression and the generation of intracellular ROS were downregulated at a specific concentration of H2O2 in the ALDH2 gene transfected group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>ALDH2 gene transfection can protect K562 cells against oxidative damage, and the downregulation of HO-1 expression and intracellular ROS may be involved in this process.</p>


Subject(s)
Aldehyde Dehydrogenase , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Hydrogen Peroxide , K562 Cells , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Transfection
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328580

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the correlation of 12th exon mutations in the npm1 gene with prognosis of adult AML patients and to explore the relationship of 12th exon mutation with other gene mutations. The specimen of bone marrow and peripheral blood from AML patients, the informations of medical history, symptoms, related image examinations, blood routine examination, NAP, oxygen saturation level in artery blood and EPO level in serum were collected; the bcr/abl fusion gene was detected by routine examination of bone marrow + biopsy + chromosome mapping + FISH. The patients were typed according to WHO classification. The DNA in cells was extracted, the npm1 gene mutation was detected by allele specific PCR combined were the sequencing. The results indicated that the npm1 heterozygote gene mutation was found in 72 out of 150 AML patients with normal cytogenetics (48%, 72/150). 48% patients showed a frameshift mutation in the C-terminal region of the NPM1 protein. The AML patients with npm1 gene mutation had specific clinical, phenotypic and genetic characteristics. The statistical analysis demonstrated the relationship between npm1 and flt3 ITDs. The patients with npm1 mutation showed a better response to induction therapy, furthermore, the overall survival (OS) rate of patients without flt3 ITD mutation was enhanced. The multivariate analysis demonstrated that the npm1 gene mutation and cebpa mutation positively correlated to the OS rate, and the correlation of flt3 mutation to OS rate showed negative. It is concluded that npm1 mutation is a favorable independent prognostic factor for adult AML patients with normal cytogenetics under conditions without FIT3 gene mutation.


Subject(s)
Adult , CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Proteins , Genetics , Case-Control Studies , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Genetics , Multivariate Analysis , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins , Genetics , Prognosis , Survival Rate , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3 , Genetics
14.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 667-671, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283920

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSC) mediated gene directed enzyme prodrug targeting anti-tumor therapy (GDEPT).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>CYP1A2 gene was cloned from human hepatocytes by RT-PCR, and the eukaryote expression vector was constructed and transferred into Raji cells and human BMSCs via liposome. The targeted anti-tumor effect of BMSC-CYP1A2 cooperated with dacarbazine (DTIC) was measured. RT-PCR and Western blot were used to detect the expression of CYP1A2. Migration assay was detected with Transwell Plates. MTT was used to evaluate the growth inhibitory effect. Cell apoptosis was determined with Annexin V-FITC/PI staining by flow cytometry(FCM).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The results of FCM and differentiation induction were in line with the characteristics of BMSC. The expression of CYP1A2 was confirmed by RT-PCR and Western blot. Growth inhibition of Raji-CYP1A2 cells was increased with DTIC concentration in a dose-dependent manner (IC(50) was 1.67 mmol/L). However, BMSC was less sensitive to the cytotoxic effects of DTIC (IC(50) of 9.26 mmol/L and 7.53 mmol/L for BMSC-pcDNA3.1 and BMSC-CYP1A2 cells, respectively) than Raji cells did (IC(50) of 5.62 mmol/L and 1.67 mmol/L for Raji-pcDNA3.1 and Raji-CYP1A2 cells, respectively). BMSC migrated toward Raji cells in Transwell plate. BMSC-CYP1A2 cells mediated a bystander killing effect for CYP1A2-negative Raji cells when they were co-cultured with BMSC-CYP1A2 cells.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>DTIC can be catalyzed by CYP1A2 in vitro. BMSC-based enzyme prodrug system of CYP1A2 and DTIC can induce lymphoma cell apoptosis targetedly via bystander killing effect.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Genetics , Bone Marrow Cells , Cells, Cultured , Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A2 , Genetics , Dacarbazine , Pharmacology , Genetic Vectors , Humans , Lymphoma , Pathology , Male , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Transfection
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-334007

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the status of c-KIT, Fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) and Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) mutations in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients with t (8; 21) and to analyze their relation to clinical feature and prognosis. PCR, AS-PCR, restriction and sequencing methods were used respectively to detect the FLT3, JAK 2 and c-KIT mutations in 8 cases of de novo AML with t (8; 21) and 6 cases of relapsed AML with t (8; 21). The results showed that the c-KIT mutation was found in 2 cases out of 14 AML patients with t (8; 21) (14.3%), among them 1 case had c-KIT D816V mutation, the other had c-KIT D816Y mutation. The FLT3-ITD mutation was detect in 1 out of 14 patients (7.1%), but JAK2 mutation could not be detected in all 14 cases. In conclusion, tyrosine kinase mutation relates to AML with t (8; 21), patients with tyrosine kinase mutation may have higher relapse, extramedullary infiltration and poor prognosis. The screening c-KIT, FLT3 mutations may play an important role in evaluating prognosis and guiding treatment of t (8; 21) AML.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Janus Kinase 2 , Genetics , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Mutation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit , Genetics , Tandem Repeat Sequences , Young Adult , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3 , Genetics
16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1135-1139, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-343332

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the frequency of FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) mutations including internal tandem duplication (ITD) mutation of juxtamembrane region and point mutation of the second tyrosine kinase domain (TKD) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients and its clinical significance. The ITD mutation in FLT3 exon 14, 15 of bone marrow mononuclear cells was detected by genomic DNA-PCR, the TKD point mutation in FLT3 exon 20 was detected by genomic DNA-PCR combined with restriction endonuclease digest. The results indicated that among 131 newly diagnosed AML patients, 21 patients (16.0%) showed FLT3-ITD positive, 3 patients (2.3%) showed FLT3-TKD positive. None was found harboring both mutations. The WBC and bone marrow blast counts in FLT3-ITD positive patients seemed both higher than those in patients with wild-type FLT3 (FLT3-wt), but there was significant difference only in WBC count (p<0.05). The complete remission (CR) rate in FLT3-ITD positive patients was 47.6%, which was significantly lower than that in FLT3-wt patients (88.1%, p<0.05). There was no statistical difference in CR rate between FLT3-ITD positive and negative patients in 20 cases of M3; the CR rate in FLT3-ITD positive patients with non M(3) was 37.5 (6/16) which was obviously lower than that in FLT3-wt patients with non M3 (90.6%, 48/53) (p<0.05). 3 FLT3-ITD positive patients with CR relapsed after CR for 14 (2-20) months with relapse rate 50% (3/6) which was higher than that in FLT3-wt patients (29.2%, 14/48). It is concluded that FLT3 mutation is common in AML patients, while FLT3-ITD mutation is more frequent than FLT3-TKD mutation. The AML patients with FLT3-ITD mutation have a poor prognosis, while FLT3-TKD point mutation does not significantly influences prognosis of the patients. Therefore early detection of FLT3 mutation may be important for targeting therapy and evaluating clinical prognosis of AML patients.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Mutation , Protein Structure, Tertiary , Young Adult , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3 , Genetics
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318722

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between the expressions of breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) gene and drug resistance as well as prognosis in adult patients with acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL). Semi-quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to detect the expression of BCRP gene in 97 adult patients with acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) and 30 normal subjects. Beta(2) microglobulin (beta(2)-MG) was used as an internal reference. BCRP/beta(2)-MG ratio >or= 0.48 was defined as BCRP positive. The results showed that the positive ratio of BCRP gene expression in untreated group was 28.7%, in contrast that in refractory and relapsed patients was 51.2%. The first complete remission rates in patients with negative and positive expression were 71.7% and 29.7% respectively. In ALL subtypes BCRP gene expression of L3 type was distinctly higher than that of L(1), L(2) types. In immune types the BCRP gene expression of B-ALL was higher than that of T cell type, especially in mature B cell type with obviously statistical significance (p<0.01). It is concluded that the high expression of BCRP gene may induce clinical drug resistance, and may be an unfavorable factor for prognosis in adult patients with acute lymphocytic leukemia.


Subject(s)
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily G, Member 2 , ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters , Genetics , Metabolism , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Genetics , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Genetics , Metabolism , Prognosis , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Young Adult
18.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 828-831, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-262941

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of lipopolysaccharide(LPS) on the expression and activity of Toll-like receptor 4(TLR-4) in mesenchymal stem cells (MSC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>MSCs were harvested from adult rats bone marrow cells by density gradient centrifugation and adhesive culture. The purity of MSC were identified with the cell morphology and osteogenic capacity. The phenotypes were assayed by flow cytometry. Cultured MSCs were treated by LPS with various concentration (1 microg/ml, 10 microg/ml or 100 microg/ml) for 24 hours. The relative expression levels of TLR-4 mRNA were detected by semiquantitative RT-PCR, and costimulatory molecules (CD80, CD86 and MHC-II) expressed on MSC were analyzed by flow cytometry. The levels of TNF-alpha in supernatants were determined by double-antibody sandwich ELISA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression levels of CD80, CD86, MHC-II, TLR-4 mRNA and TNF-alpha in MSC were (9.56 +/- 0.69)%, (22.03 +/- 2.03)%, (2.51 +/- 0.97)%, relative magnitude (0.61 +/- 0.10), (4.97 +/- 2.98) pg/ml, respectively. After incubation with LPS, MSC expressed higher levels of TLR-4 mRNA and costimulatory molecules, and the levels of TNF-alpha were higher than that in untreated group. Among the various concentration of LPS, 10 microg/ml emerged as the most effective in increasing the levels of TLR-4 mRNA (relative magnitude 1.55 +/- 0.02), costimulatory molecules [CD80 (41.70 +/- 2.92)%, CD86 (59.72 +/- 2.00)%, MHC-II (24.56 +/- 2.19)%] and TNF-alpha [(213.12 +/- 69.08) pg/ml] (P < 0.01). The levels of TLR-4 mRNA, costimulatory molecules and TNF-alpha began to decrease when MSC exposed to 100 microg/ml LPS (P < 0.05). Except for the levels of TNF-alpha [(158.05 +/- 28. 05) pg/ml] and MHC-II [(5.62 +/- 2.31)%] (P > 0.05), the levels of CD80, CD86, MHC-II and TLR-4 mRNA were significantly lower than the 10 microg/ml treatment group (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>MSCs are able to express TLR-4 mRNA. LPS could activate the expression of TLR-4 in MSC obviously, but the activity is dependent on the specific concentration.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , B7-1 Antigen , Metabolism , B7-2 Antigen , Metabolism , Cells, Cultured , Lipopolysaccharides , Pharmacology , Male , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Toll-Like Receptor 4 , Metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism
19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 714-717, 2007.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-344824

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>O(6)-methylguanine-DNA-methyltransferase (MGMT) is a specific DNA revising enzyme transferring alkylated groups from DNA to its cysteine residue to avoid the abnormal twisting of DNA. Therefore, it is one of the drug resistant genes targeted in the treatment of cancer. This study explored the protective effect of MGMT gene transferred into mammalian cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Mammalian expression vector containing the MGMT gene cloned from human hepatocytes by RT-PCR was constructed and transferred into K562 cells and human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) via liposome, then assayed for gene expression at RNA and protein levels. MTT assay was used to check the drug resistance of cells transfected with MGMT gene.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>MGMT gene was successfully cloned. Real-time PCR showed that the mRNA expression in gene transfected groups in K562 cell line and PBMC were 13.4 and 4.0 times that of the empty vector transfected groups respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>of Western blotting showed distinct higher expression of MGMT in gene transfected group than in other two groups. The IC(50) values increased to 7 and 2 times that of the original values respectively in stable transfected K562 cells and transient transfected PBMC.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The alkylating resistance of eukaryotic cells is enhanced after being transfected with MGMT gene which protein product performs the protective function, and may provide the reference for the protective model of peripheral blood cells in cancer chemotherapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Blotting, Western , Cell Survival , Genetics , Physiology , Cells, Cultured , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic , Green Fluorescent Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Hepatocytes , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Humans , K562 Cells , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Microscopy, Fluorescence , Nitrogen Mustard Compounds , Pharmacology , O(6)-Methylguanine-DNA Methyltransferase , Genetics , Metabolism , Physiology , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Transfection
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230262

ABSTRACT

To investigate JAK2V617F mutation and its clinical significance in patients with idiopathic myelofibrosis (IMF), genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood cell samples of 12 IMF cases. Allele-specific PCR (AS-PCR) was performed to identify JAK2V617F mutation, and the results were confirmed by sequence analysis. A retrospective study was performed to explore the correlation between JAK2V617F mutation and the clinical, hematologic features. The results showed that in follow-up for 2 to 15 months, the occurrence of the positive point mutation in 12 patients with IMF was 50%, and the half of these positive patients had thrombosis. Patients with JAK2V617F point mutation had a higher counts of platelets and megakaryocytes in bone marrow than those in patients without JAK2V617F point mutation. Out of other 6 IMF patients without JAK2V617F point mutation only 1 patient had thrombosis, and lower counts of platelets in peripheral blood and megakaryocytes in bone marrow. It is concluded that majority of IMF patients with positive JAK2V617F point mutation have typical clinical and hematologic features, higher incidence of thrombosis, and higher counts of platelets in peripheral blood and megakaryocytes in bone marrow.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Base Sequence , Bone Marrow , Pathology , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Janus Kinase 2 , Genetics , Male , Megakaryocytes , Pathology , Middle Aged , Molecular Sequence Data , Platelet Count , Point Mutation , Primary Myelofibrosis , Genetics , Retrospective Studies
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