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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-352837

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate antagonistic effect of microwave on hematopoietic damage of mice induced by gamma-ray irradiation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Male healthy Kunning mice were treated with low dose microwave radiation before exposure to (60)Co gamma-ray irradiation of 8.0 Gy. The 30-day survival rate and average survival time of the mice after the treatment were examined. Peripheral blood parameters and the organ indexes of thymus and spleen were also observed in the irradiated mice. After exposure to 5.0 Gy gamma irradiation, indexes of hematopoietic foci formation of bone marrow cells (CFU-GM) and the proliferation activity of BMNCs were examined. The serum concentration of hemopoietic factors (GM-CSF and IL-3) were detected by ELISA kits.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Pre-exposure with 120 microW/cm(2) 900 MHz microwave increased the 30-day survival rate (P < 0.05) and the number of white blood cells of gamma-ray treated mice. The increases of the organ indexes of thymus and spleen, proliferation activity of BMNCs and CFU-GM hematopoietic foci numbers, as well as the higher serum concentration of GM-CSF and IL-3 were observed in the microwave pre-exposure group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Low dose microwave radiation may exert potential antagonistic effects on hematopoietic injuries induced by ionizing radiation. The underlying mechanisms might be related with stimulation of hematopoietic growth factors expression, promotion of HSCs/HPCs proliferation, suppression on the reduction of HSCs/HPCs caused by (60)Co gamma-ray, and enhanced construction of the hematopoietic system.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Marrow , Pathology , Radiation Effects , Bone Marrow Cells , Pathology , Radiation Effects , Cell Differentiation , Radiation Effects , Cell Proliferation , Radiation Effects , Gamma Rays , Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor , Blood , Interleukin-3 , Blood , Male , Mice , Microwaves , Radiation Injuries, Experimental , Blood , Pathology
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-343054

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the methylation of O-6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) and p16 gene in the sputum cells of radon-exposed population. To provide the experimental base for finding the molecular biomarker of the high risk population of the radon-induced lung cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>91 radon-exposed workers were divided into 4 groups, high dosage group (> 120 WLM), middle dosage group (between 60 and 120 WLM), low dosage group (between 30 and 60 WLB) and lower dosage group (between 2 and 30 WLM) according to the accumulated exposure dosage of the radon daughters. The abnormal methylation of p16 and MGMT gene in the sputum cells of the population in the four groups was detected with the methylation specific PCR (MSP).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was significantly upward trend for the p16 gene methylation rate (0.00%-20.00%), the MGMT gene methylation rate (0.00%-28.00%) and the total methylation rate (0.00%-40.00%) with the increase of the accumulated exposure dosage of the radon daughters (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The methylation of p16 and MGMT gene is related to the accumulate exposure dosage of the radon daughters.</p>


Subject(s)
Carcinogens, Environmental , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16 , Genetics , Metabolism , DNA Methylation , Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation , Humans , Male , O(6)-Methylguanine-DNA Methyltransferase , Genetics , Metabolism , Occupational Exposure , Radon , Radon Daughters , Sputum , Metabolism
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