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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880510

ABSTRACT

With reference to international guidelines for the development of tools-Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) system approach and reasoning, this practice guideline has been drafted reflecting the characteristics of acupuncture to improve effectiveness and safety of acupuncture treatment for allergic rhinitis. This guideline includes outlining the acupuncture diagnosis and treatment principles for allergic rhinitis, suggesting recommendations and related evidence for the acupuncture treatment of allergic rhinitis, and defining operating methods and precautions for the acupuncture treatment of allergic rhinitis.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880043

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the efficacy, survival and adverse effects of non-transplanted multiple myeloma (MM) patients treated with bortezomib maintenance.@*METHODS@#A total of 25 newly diagnosed/relapsed non-transplanted MM patients treated in West District of Beijing Chaoyang Hospital from June 2004 to November 2015 were analyzed retrospectively. All patients received PD regimen (bortezomib and dexamethasone), including bortezomib at a dose of 1.3 mg/m@*RESULTS@#Till November 1, 2017, 5 patients achieved stringent complete response (sCR), 8 patients achieved complete response (CR), 7 patients achieved very good partial response (VGPR), 4 patients achieved partial reponse (PR), while 1 patient achieved stable disease (SD). After maintenance therapy, 21 patients maintained the efficacy above PR, of which 1 patient was improved from CR to sCR; 4 patients adjusted chemotherapy after disease progressed. Median maintenance therapy was 9 cycles (range from 6 to 31), and the median maintenance time was 27 months (range from 18 to 97). Median follow-up time was 73 months (range from 25 to 171). Median progress-free survival (PFS) time was 30 months (range from 9 to 105) and overall survival (OS) time was 57 months (range from 27 to 160). Till November 1, 2019, 3-year survival rate was 84% (21/25), and 5-year survival rate was 72% (13/18). The most common adverse events were transient leukopenia, thrombocytopenia and peripheral neuropathy, which the patients could tolerate after the prevention and treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#Bortezomib-based maintenance therapy for non-transplanted MM patients can be an option in consideration of its safety and efficacy.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Bortezomib/therapeutic use , Dexamethasone/therapeutic use , Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905936

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy of Jiangshi Xuantong decoction (JSXT) in the treatment of peripheral neuropathy patients with arthralgia syndrome caused by wind, heat, and dampness,investigate the changes in common clinical evaluation indexes and electrophysiology,and verify its effectiveness and safety. Method:A total of 120 patients were randomly divided into a JSXT group (<italic>n</italic>=60) and a mecobalamin group (<italic>n</italic>=60). The changes in Toronto clinical neuropathy scores (TCNSs),traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome scores,efficacy for TCM syndrome,electrophysiological results in the electromyogram, and safety indexes before and after JSXT treatment of peripheral neuropathy were observed to determine the clinical efficacy and safety of JSXT for peripheral neuropathy. Result:No significant differences in various indexes among patients were observed before treatment. The TCM syndrome score,TCNS, and electrophysiological results in the electromyogram of the patients after treatment were significantly higher than those before treatment (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The evaluation indexes of the treatment group were significantly higher than those of the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). During the follow-up,the evaluation indexes in the treatment group increased with time,and the corresponding growth was higher than that in the control group. There were no significant adverse reactions in both groups,and the difference was not statistically significant. Conclusion:JSXT in the treatment of patients with peripheral neuropathy is superior to the control in terms of clinical symptoms,relevant scores, and electrophysiological results,with definite clinical efficacy. It is proved safe and reliable and can effectively and quickly enhance peripheral neurological function,improve the quality of life,and alleviate the negative emotions of patients. Therefore,JSXT possesses a good clinical therapeutic efficacy on patients with peripheral neuropathy and is expected to provide a new treatment method for patients with peripheral neuropathy,which is worthy of further clinical promotion.

4.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1343-1346, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781783

ABSTRACT

- () is clarified from three aspects: the development method, contents and clinical application, which could provide clinical practical strategies suitable for most patients for clinicians. Based on comprehensive literature search and summary of acupuncture practice, the best clinical research evidence is obtained according to the evidence-based method, the evidence-quality evaluation and recommendation grading are introduced. With ancient literature, famous experts' experience and expert consensus, the recommendations of acupuncture-moxibustion for primary dysmenorrhea are developed, which are safe, effective and applicable for clinical treatment. The could standardize the acupuncture treatment plan for primary dysmenorrhea.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Clinical Trials as Topic , Dysmenorrhea , Therapeutics , Evidence-Based Practice , Female , Humans , Moxibustion
5.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 425-429, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700846

ABSTRACT

Despite the sharply development of reproductive science,the treatment for infertility has arrived at its bottle neck. Being a common cause of preganancy failure,intrauterine adhension(IUA)is getting widespread attention.A new treatment for IUA has brought into being when the stem cell theory of endometrial regeneration was presented.This paper summarizes the research progress of both treatment and etiology of IUA.

6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 175-177, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695153

ABSTRACT

AIM:To measure the transverse diameter of nasolacrimal duct in patients with nasolacrimal duct obstruction,and to analyze the difference of the transverse diameter of the upper,middle and lower nasal nasolacrimal ducts between the diseased eyes and the normal eyes,between the male and the female eyes,and of different ages and sexes and then explore the correlation between the diameter of nasolacrimal duct and nasolacrimal duct obstruction based on computed tomography (CT) dacryocystography.METHODS:From April 2014 to January 2017 in Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine Affiliated Hospital of ophthalmology in tears or pus for complaints,diagnosis of nasolacrimal duct obstruction in 152 patients (179 sick eyes,125 normal eyes).Among them 25 cases were male (sick eyes 28 eyes,normal eye 22 eyes),127 cases were female (sick eves 151 eyes,normal eyes 103 eyes),age from 4 to 87 years old,mean age 53.44±16.06 years old.All patients with perfusion of 30% iohexol injection in lacrimal passages,and immediately examined with CT scan,upload CT images on PACS workstation for 3D reconstruction of nasolacrimal duct,oblique coronal of nasolacrimal duct and its adjacent structure were observed.We measured and analyzed the transverse diameters of the upper,middle and lower nasal nasolacrimal ducts between men and women,diseased eyes and non diseased eyes,and between the diseased eyes of different age groups.RESULTS:The transverse diameter of the upper,middle and lower nasal nasolacrimal duct was no significant difference between the diseased eye and the normal eye,between the male and female diseased eyes,and between the diseased eyes of different age groups (P>0.05).The transverse diameters of the upper,middle and lower nasolacrimal ducts were significantly different between the diseased eyes and the normal eyes (P<0.001),and the transverse diameter of the middle mouth was the smallest.CONCLUSION:Transverse diameter of bony nasolacrimal duct is not a risk factor for nasolacrimal duct obstruction.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360155

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate protective effect of glycyrrhizic acid (GA) against lupus nephritis in MRL/lpr mice and explore its underlying mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty MRL/lpr mice were randomized equally into blank control group, dexamethasone (1.5 mg/kg) group, GA (20 mg/kg) group, and GA (40 mg/kg) group with corresponding treatments for 7 days, with 10 wild-type mice as the control group. Serum levels of uric acid and creatinine and inflammatory cytokines in the serum and kidney were tested after the treatments using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA). The pathological changes in the kidneys were detected using HE staining, and the protein expressions of NLRP3, ASC, caspase-1, IL-1β, p-NF-κB, NF-κB, p-IκBα, and IκBα were detected with Western blotting.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>GA obviously decreased serum levels of uric acid and creatinine, decreased inflammatory cytokines in the serum and kidney, ameliorated renal pathologies and inhibited the expressions of NLRP3, ASC, caspase-1, IL-1β, p-NF-κB, and p-IκBα proteins in MRL/lpr mice.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>GA has protective effects against lupus nephritis in MRL/lpr mice.</p>

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360066

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the clinical features, treatment response and prognosis of multiple myeloma patients aged over 80 years.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 23 cases of newly diagnosed multiple myeloma aged over 80 years from February 2007 to July 2014 in our hospital were analyzed retrospectively. The median age was 82, and all the patients had at least 2 complicated diseases. Only 1 patient gave up the chemotherapy because of the poor performance status, the other 22 cases received individualized treatments. Out of 23 patients, 10 received velcade containing regimen (velcade group) chemotherapy, 10 patients received melphalan containing regimen (conventional chemotherapy group) and 2 patients received lenalidomide.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>1 patient achieved complete remission, 1 patient achieved very good partial remission, 15 patients achieved partial remission, 1 patient achieved minor remission and 4 patients had progressed. Their median survival time was 19.5 months. Their survival rate of one-year, two-years, three-years were 73.9%, 39.1%, 26.1%, respectively. The median OS time and PFS time were 21.5 (9-46) vs 13 (3-23) months (P = 0.405) and 16 (5-38) vs 10 (3-19) months in the velcade group and conventional chemotherapy group, respectively. 9 cases had been alive until December 2015, while 14 cases had died.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Multiple meloma patients aged over 80 years diagnosed at advanced stage often accompanied with previous underlined diseases. Treatment should be individualized based on the evaluation of patient status. The OS and PFS time of patients could be prolonged using the velcade containing chemotherapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Bortezomib , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Melphalan , Therapeutic Uses , Multiple Myeloma , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Prognosis , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Thalidomide , Therapeutic Uses
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320813

ABSTRACT

Recent years, chemical constituents from spice volatile oils have gained worldwide concern owing to its multiple pharmacological effects and safety for using as the natural antibacterial agents. However, their poor dissolution, strong volatility, serious irritation, weak stability, easy oxidation and low bioavailability characteristics are the major obstacle in the preparation of effective oral formulation and practical application. Therefore, there is an urgent need to select a novel carrier system that can delivery the chemical constituents from spice volatile oils more efficiently with improving their stability as well as alleviating the irritation, and develop the functional food, health products and even medicine for exerting their pharmacological effects, which also is the focus and nodus of the research on their application. This review presents recent systematic studies on their novel carrier systems, including cyclodextrin inclusion complex, liposomes, nanoemulsions, nanoparticles, solid dispersion and so on, and summarizes the characteristics, application range and problems of each novel carrier systems, in order to provide some beneficial thoughts in further developing new products of chemical constituents from spice volatile oils.


Subject(s)
Chemistry, Pharmaceutical , Methods , Drug Carriers , Chemistry , Nanoparticles , Chemistry , Oils, Volatile , Chemistry , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Spices
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318423

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the improvements in constipation differentiated as intestine system syndrome and lung system syndrome treated with electroacupuncture (EA) and explore their correlation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Seventy cases of severe functional constipation were randomized into an EA group and a pseudo-EA group, 35 cases in each one. In the EA group, the needles were inserted deeply at Tianshu (ST 25) and Fujie (SP 14) on bilateral sides, and directly went to parietal peritoneum. EA was attached to the needles, dense-disperse wave, 2 Hz/15 Hz, and 0.1 to 1.0 mA. The perpendicular insertion was done at Shangjuxu (ST 37), 25 mm in depth. After qi arrival, the needle was lifted, thrusted and rotated once every 10 min, for 3 times totally. The needles were retained for 30 min. In the pseudo-EA group, the pseudo-points lateral to Tianshu (ST 25), Fujie (SP 14) and Shangjuxu (ST 37) on bilateral sides were punctured shallowly. The electric stimulation was pretended to connect but with the electric wire cutting off. The needles were retained for 30 min. The treatment was given 5 times weekly in the first two weeks and 3 times weekly in the later 6 weeks. Totally, 28 treatments were required. TCM intestine and lung syndrome scale was used for evaluation. The changes in TCM syndromes were observed before and after treatment in the patients of the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The total score of intestine and lung syndrome and the score of individual syndrome were all reduced after treatment as compared with those before treatment in the two groups (both P<0.01). The improvements of the EA group in the total score of intestine system syndrome, the scores of large. intestine syndrome and stomach syndrome, the total score of lung system syndrome and the score of lung dysfunction in dispersing and descending syndrome were superior to those of the pseudo-EA group (P<0.01, P<0.05). The differences in the scores of lung qi deficiency syndrome and throat syndrome were not significant between the two groups (all P>0.05). Simultaneously, the very strong positive correlation (P<0.01) and positive linear correlation (P<0.01) were presented in the total score of intestine and lung syndrome of the two groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>EA obviously improves in intestine system syndrome (including large intestine syndrome and stomach syndrome), as well as lung system syndrome (lung dysfunction in dispersing and descending) in the treatment of constipation. But the improvements are not apparent in the treatment of lung qi deficiency and throat disorder. Additionally, the obvious correlation is displayed in the improvements in intestine and lung syndrome.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Adult , Aged , Constipation , Therapeutics , Electroacupuncture , Female , Humans , Intestines , Lung , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324175

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of lead exposure on the gene expression of fibroblast growth factor 3 (Fgf3) in zebrafish embryonic development and the mechanism of lead-induced embryonic developmental toxicity.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The embryos of zebrafish (wild types A and B) were exposed to lead acetate (PbAc) at the doses of 0, 0.1, 0.5, 2.5, and 12.5 µmol/L separately. Total RNA was extracted from each treatment group of zebrafish embryos at 8, 12, 16, 24, 36, 48, and 72 hours post fertilization (hpf). The total mRNA expression of Fgf3 was measured by real-time quantitative PCR. The spatial expression of Fgf3 in zebrafish embryos was determined by whole-mount in situ hybridization using synthesized Fgf3 RNA probe.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mRNA expression of Fgf3 in each group peaked at 12 hpf (P < 0.01). With the increase in PbAc concentration, the mRNA expression of Fgf3 rose. Compared with the mRNA expression level of Fgf3 in the control group, the relative mRNA expression levels of Fgf3 in the 0.1, 0.5, 2.5, and 12.5 µmol/L PbAc exposure groups were 1.02 ± 0.24, 1.05 ± 0.26, 1.22 ± 0.46, and 1.25 ± 0.38, respectively, and the 2.5 and 12.5 µmol/L PbAc exposure groups showed significantly higher Fgf3 expression than the control group (P < 0.05). The whole-mount in situ hybridization results showed that Fgf3 expression occurred mainly in the head and tail in the early stage of embryonic development and in the midbrain, fin bud, and pharyngeal arch in the middle/late stage of embryonic development; there were the most significant regions and intensities of positive hybridization signals at 12 hpf; but no significant differences were found between the control group and exposure groups in the location and intensity of Fgf3 expression</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Lead exposure can result in the upregulation of Fgf3 expression in zebrafish embryonic development, which might contribute to lead-induced embryonic developmental toxicity.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Embryonic Development , Fibroblast Growth Factor 3 , Genetics , Metabolism , Gene Expression , Organometallic Compounds , Signal Transduction , Zebrafish , Embryology , Genetics , Metabolism , Zebrafish Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism
12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2948-2950, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244319

ABSTRACT

Multiple myeloma is a clonal proliferation of plasma cells with multiple osteolytic lesions. Extramedullary dissemination of multiple myeloma in ovary is relatively uncommon. A 54-year-old female patient, diagnosed as multiple myeloma three years ago, was admitted to the hospital for the complaints of intermittent abdominal pain for three days. The vaginal gynecological ultrasound showed celiac solid mass. The emergent laparotomy showed a significantly enlarged right cystic ovary and the pathological reviews showed ovarian plasmacytoma. The final diagnosis of this patient was ovarian extramedullary plasmacytoma rupture and bleeding.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Multiple Myeloma , Diagnosis , Ovarian Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Plasmacytoma , Diagnosis
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-855694

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the constituents from the sea cucumber, Stichopus variegatus. Methods: The crude saponins of S. variegatus were desulfated with pyridine-dioxane (1:1), the desulfated products were separated by multi-chromatography to afford two compounds. Results: On the basis of chemical methods and spectral evidences, especially 2D-NMR and ESI-MS, these two compounds were identified as 3-0-[β-D-xylopyranosyl-(1→2)-4′-O- sulfate-β-D-xylopyranosyl]-holosta-9-ene-3β,12α,17α, 25β-tetraol sodium salt, named as variegatuside A (1) and 16β-acetoxy-3-O-β-D-xylopyranosyl-holosta-22,25-epoxy-9-ene-3β, 12α,17α-triol, named as variegatuside B (2). Conclusion: Compounds 1 and 2 are new compounds.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-855548

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the constituents from the sea cucumber Holothuria nobilis. Methods: The compounds of the sea cucumber were separated by multi-chromatography and their structures were elucidated by physico-chemical and spectral analyses. Results: Two new triterpene glycosides were isolated and their structures have been deduced by extensive spectral analysis (IR, 2D-NMR, and ESI-MS) and chemical structures as 3-O-{3″″-O-methyl-β-D- glucopyranosyl-(1→3)-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→4)-β-D- quinovopyranosyl-(1→2)-4′-O-sulfate-β-D-xylopyranosyl} -holosta-22, 25-epoxy-9-ene-3β, 12α, 17α, 25β-tetraol- sodium salt (nobiliside I, 1) and 3-O-{β-D-quinovopyranosyl-(1→2) 4′-O-sulfate-β-D-xylopyranosyl}-holoshillaside 18 (16)-lactone-22, 25-epoxy-9-ene-3β, 12α, 17α-triol sodium (nobiliside II, 2). Conclusion: Two aglycons are both new compounds named nobiliside I and nobiliside II.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261944

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to explore the clinical effect and toxicity of bortezomib combined with methylprednisolone in treatment of relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma (MM). Clinical data of 33 patients (23 male, 10 female; aged from 38 to 85 years old) were analyzed retrospectively. The median diagnosis time was 25 (2 - 120) months. 33 patients received bortezomib (0.9 - 1.1) mg/m(2) on days 1, 4, 8, 11, in combination with methylprednisolone 40 mg/d (4 cases), 80mg/d (13 cases), 120 mg/d (2 cases), 200 mg/d (9 cases), 300 mg/d (5 cases) respectively. The median follow-up time was 10(3-60) months. The used therapy courses were 1 - 8 (mean 4 courses). The results indicated that 24 cases showed the response of different degree, the overall response rate (ORR) was 72.7% (24/33). 32 patients received ≥ 2 therapy courses, and ORR was 71.9% (23/32). 16 patients received 4 therapy courses, and ORR was 93.8% (15/16 cases). 7 patients received 6 therapy courses and the ORR was 100% (7/7 cases). Main side-effects were thrombocytopenia, infection and peripheral neuropathy. The median survival time was 41.5 (2 - 120) months and the 2-year, 3-year and 5-year overall survival rate were 80%, 59.1% and 21.1%, respectively. It is concluded that bortezomib combined with methylprednisolone is an effective therapy with higher response rate, and safe in treatment of relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Boronic Acids , Bortezomib , Female , Humans , Male , Methylprednisolone , Middle Aged , Multiple Myeloma , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Drug Therapy , Pyrazines , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243333

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the clinical features of multiple myeloma (MM) complicated by spinal infiltration (extramedullary plasmacytoma) so as to enhance the understanding of this kind of MM and reduce the missed diagnosis for these MM patients. 10 patients with MM complicated by spinal infiltration were enrolled in this study. Bone marrow, blood, hepatic and renal function, electrolyte, beta2 microglobulin, C-reactive protein and immunoglobulin (M-protein) were detected. The involved spinal sites were examined by using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computerized tomography (CT). 10 patients were staged according to International Stage System (ISS) and Duric-Salmon stage system. The clinical data of patients were analyzed. The results showed that among 10 cases of MM complicated by spinal infiltration, involved pectoral cord was observed in 7 cases, involved lumbar cord in 2 cases and sacral cord in 1 case. The treatment with operation and protocol containing cisplatin, ifosfamide etoposide, prednisone, and bortezomib in combination with other drugs indicated that the total remission rate was 80% (8/10), no serious adverse responses was observed. In conclusion, the patients with MM complicated by spinal infiltration must be diagnosed and treated as early as possible. Once paraplegia happened in patients, the therapeutic efficacy and prognosis would be very poor.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Multiple Myeloma , Pathology , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Spinal Canal , Pathology , Spinal Neoplasms
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-302163

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of bortezomib-combined with dexamethasone, methylprednisolone and other drugs in the treatment of patients with multiple myeloma (MM). 60 MM patients including 19 de novo patients, out of them 14 patients received the treatment using regimen of bortezomib in combination with thalidomide (BT), 5 patients received bortezomib-methylprednisolone regimen (BMP). Out of 41 patients with refractory or relapsed myeloma 26 cases of MM received the treatment using regimen of bortezomib combined with methylpreamsolone (BMP), 6 cases received the treatment using regimen of bortezomib combined with cyclophosphamide, prednisone and thalidomide (BCPT), 5 cases received the treatment using regimen of bortezomib combined with cis-diaminodichloroplatimm, etoposide, cydophosphomide and dexamethasone (BDECD), 4 cases received the treatment using regimen of bortezomib combined with dexamethasone (BD). Each patient received treatment of 2-8 courses at least. Response was assessed according to the criteria of the Bladè. Adverse events were graded according to the common Toxicity Criteria, version 3.0 (NCI CTCAE, USA). The median follow-up from the start of bortezomib treatment was 9 months. The results showed that out of 19 newly diagnosed patients, 6 cares achieved CR, 6 cases achieved nearly CR, 5 cases achieved PR, 1 case achieved MR, resulting in an ORR of 94.7%. Out of 41 refractory or relapsed patients, 5 cases achieved CR, 10 cases got nearly CR, 14 cases were PR and 5 cases were MR, resulting in an ORR of 82.92%. The main toxicities were fatigue, gastrointestinal disorders, peripheral neuropathy, thrombocytopenia, herpes zoster, skin rash. All adverse events were diminished by using routine ways. In conclusion, bortezomib combined with or the drugs is a very effective regimen, its side effects are predictable and manageable.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Boronic Acids , Therapeutic Uses , Bortezomib , Female , Humans , Male , Methylprednisolone , Therapeutic Uses , Middle Aged , Multiple Myeloma , Drug Therapy , Pyrazines , Therapeutic Uses , Thalidomide , Therapeutic Uses , Treatment Outcome
18.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 726-728, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235998

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of semaphorin-3F (SEMA-3F) gene transient transfection on the proliferation of Tca8113 tongue carcinoma cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>After construction of a full-length SEMA3F expression vector, Tca8113 cells were transient transfected with pEGFP-N1-SEMA3F by Lipofectamine 2000. The expression of SEMA-3F gene was detected by RT-PCR The differences of the expression in the transfected cell groups, empty vector groups and un-transfected cell groups were compared. The survival rates were assayed by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) enzymatic labeling technique. Cell cycle were assayed by flow cytometer (FCM).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The gene was transfected into Tca8113 cells. High expression of SEMA-3F was successfully detected in the transfected cell groups after gene transfection. The cell cycle percentage of G1 stage decreased and S stage increased.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>SEMA-3F gene transient transfection may inhibit the proliferation of Tca8113 cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Cell Cycle , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Genetic Vectors , Humans , Membrane Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Tongue Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Transfection
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