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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981404

ABSTRACT

To optimize the extraction process of Chuanxiong Rhizoma-Gastrodiae Rhizoma herb pair by network pharmacology combined with analytic hierarchy process(AHP)-entropy weight method and multi-index orthogonal test. The potential active components and targets of Chuanxiong Rhizoma-Gastrodiae Rhizoma were screened by network pharmacology and molecular docking, and the process evaluation indexes were determined with reference to the Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2020 edition). The core components of Chuanxiong Rhizoma-Gastrodiae Rhizoma were determined as gastrodin, parishin B, parishin C, parishin E, ferulic acid, and 3-butylphthalide. With the extraction volume of each indicator and yield of dry extract as comprehensive evaluation indicators, the extraction conditions were optimized by the AHP-entropy weight method and orthogonal test as the ethanol volume of 50%, the solid-liquid ratio of 1∶8(g·mL~(-1)), extraction for three times, and 1.5 h each time. Through network pharmacology and molecular docking, the process evaluation index was determined, and the optimized process was stable and reproducible for the extraction of Chuanxiong Rhizoma-Gastrodiae Rhizoma herb pair, which could provide reference for in-depth research.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Network Pharmacology , Molecular Docking Simulation , Rhizome
2.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 610-614, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996283

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the quality of life (QOL) and the related influencing factors of patients with early esophageal cancer after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD).Methods:A questionnaire survey was conducted in 167 early esophageal cancer patients who underwent ESD in Shanxi Province Cancer Hospital from January 2022 to July 2022. European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Assessment Core Scale (EORTC QLQ-C30) and the Esophageal Cancer Supplementary Scale (EORTC QLQ-OES18) were used to compare QOL of patients with different clinical characteristics before surgery, 1 month after surgery and 6 months after surgery, And multiple logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the influencing factors of patients' QOL at 6 months after surgery.Results:EORTC QLQ-C30 showed that the scores of the patients' physical function, role function, and social function at 1 month and 6 months after surgery were lower than those before surgery, and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). The scores of dyspnea, constipation, nausea and vomiting, fatigue, and economic status in the symptom area were higher than those before surgery, and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). According to EORTC QLQ-OES18, the scores of difficulty in swallowing oral fluid, obstruction, poor eating initiative, dry mouth, and cough at 1 month and 6 months after surgery were higher than those before surgery, and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). The score of dysphagia at 1 month after surgery was higher than that before surgery, while the score at 6 months after surgery was lower than that before surgery, and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). The score of dyspepsia at 1 month and 6 months after surgery was lower than that before surgery, and the difference was statistically significant (all P < 0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that the lesion perimeter >1/2 perimeter (lesion perimeter >1/2 perimeter vs. lesion perimeter ≤ 1/2 perimeter: OR = 2.072, 95% CI 1.536-2.796, P < 0.05) and postoperative esophageal stricture dilatation (undergoing esophageal stricture dilatation or not: OR = 2.193, 95% CI 1.429-2.789, P < 0.05) were independent risk factors affecting the QOL of patients at 6 months after surgery. Conclusions:The QOL of early esophageal cancer patients after ESD is decreased compared with that before surgery, and the main manifestations include physical function, role function, social function, and symptom. The area of lesion and undergoing esophageal stricture dilatation or not are factors affecting the QOL of patients after surgery.

3.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 578-582, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994872

ABSTRACT

Radiologically isolated syndrome (RIS) is considered as an imaging marker of the prodromal stage of multiple sclerosis (MS), and approximately one-third of patients might convert to clinically isolated syndrome or clinically definite multiple sclerosis within 5 years after diagnosis. Although it still remains inconclusive whether or not disease-modifying therapies for RIS need to be initiated, effective identification of prognostic factors for conversion would be of great benefit for early screening of high-risk patients and subsequent clinical precision management. Combined with the latest research progress at home and abroad, this review summarizes the prognostic factors for conversion of RIS to MS from the aspects of demographic characteristics, clinical presentations, imaging manifestations, cerebrospinal fluid and ophthalmological examinations. Given that disease-modifying therapies for RIS are still in clinical research stage and there are no definite recommendations to date, this article expounds the research progress on clinical monitoring, therapeutics and prevention of disease progression, which aims to provide neurologists with reference suggestions on clinical management of RIS.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994748

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility of MRI to assist the early diagnosis of midfoot tendon and ligament injuries.Methods:Fifty-two patients with midfoot ligament and tendon injuries who visited Beijing Jishuitan Hospital from September 2016 to December 2021 were enrolled in the study, and 20 healthy volunteers were recruited as controls. All participants underwent mid foot coronal (short axis), sagittal, and axial (long axis) MRI T1 weighted imaging and proton fat suppression sequence examination. The MRI images were evaluated by 2 senior radiologists independently.Results:The consistency of the two radiologists in diagnosis of tendons, ligaments, bones, and soft tissues were good ( κ=0.916, 0.896, and 0.893, respectively). The tendons and ligaments of the midfoot in 20 healthy volunteers (40 feet) showed uniform bands of varying thickness with slightly low signal intensity; the anterior tibial tendon showed a thin line shape, the posterior tibial tendon showed a slightly thick band with uniform low signal intensity, and the calcaneonavicular ligament showed a thin line-like low signal intensity running in different directions. In 52 patients with midfoot tendon and ligament injuries, 18 had anterior tibial tendon injuries, 20 had posterior tibial tendon injuries, and 14 had calcaneonavicular ligament injuries. The injured tendon or ligament was characterized by uneven thickness, blurred edges, and continuous interruption on T1WI sequence, uneven enhancement of signal in the tendon or ligament running area on PD-FS sequence, accumulation of fluid in the tendon sheath, and partial tearing. The partial tear showed discontinuity and thickening of tendons, while the complete tear showed that the tendons were interrupted and retracted, the fiber structure disappeared and was filled with liquid, and the surrounding soft tissue edema was present. Conclusion:MRI can clearly display the course and anatomical structure of the attachment end of the midfoot tendon and ligament, which may assist in early diagnosis of midfoot tendon and ligament injuries.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986872

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the status of depression and social anxiety in children and adolescents, and to analyze the association between body fat distribution and depression, social anxiety in children and adolescents.@*METHODS@#A total of 1 412 children aged 7 to 18 years in Beijing were included by stratified cluster random sampling method. Body fat distribution, including total body fat percentage (total BF%), Android BF%, Gynoid BF% and Android-to-Gynoid fat ratio (AOI), were obtained by dual-energy X-ray absorption method. Depression and social anxiety were evaluated by Children Depression Inventory and Social Anxiety Scale for Children. Multivariate linear regression and restricted cubic spline analysis were used to estimate the linear and non-linear correlation between body fat distribution and depression and social anxiety.@*RESULTS@#13.1% and 31.1% of the children and adolescents had depressive symptoms and social anxiety symptoms respectively, and the detection rate of depression and social anxiety in the boys and young groups was significantly lower than those in the girls and old groups. There was no significant linear correlation between total BF%, Android BF%, Gynoid BF%, AOI and depression and social anxiety in the children and adolescents. However, total BF% and Gynoid BF% had significant nonlinear correlation with depression, showing an inverted U-shaped curve relationship with the tangent points of 26.8% and 30.9%, respectively. In terms of the nonlinear association of total BF%, Android BF%, Gynoid BF% and AOI with depression and social anxiety, the change trends of the boys and girls, low age group and high age group were consistent. The overall anxiety risk HR of body fat distribution in the boys was significantly higher than that in the girls, and the risk HR of depression and social anxiety were significantly higher in the high age group than those in the low age group.@*CONCLUSION@#There was no significant linear correlation between body fat distribution and depression and social anxiety in children and adolescents. Total BF% and depression showed an inverted U-shaped curve, mainly manifested in Gynoid BF%, and this trend was consistent in different genders and different age groups. Maintaining children and adolescents' body fat distribution at an appropriate level is the future direction of the prevention and control of depression and social anxiety in children and adolescents.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Male , Adolescent , Cross-Sectional Studies , X-Rays , Depression/epidemiology , Absorptiometry, Photon/methods , Body Mass Index , Body Fat Distribution , Anxiety/epidemiology , Adipose Tissue , Body Composition
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986870

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the association between different growth patterns and metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents aged 7 to 17 years, and to provide suggestions for the prevention and control of metabolic syndrome in Chinese children and adolescents.@*METHODS@#Data were collected from the research project "Development and Application of Technology and Related Standards for Prevention and Control of Major Diseases among Students" of public health industry in 2012. This project is a cross-sectional study design. A total of 65 347 students from 93 primary and secondary schools in 7 provinces including Guangdong were selected by stratified cluster random sampling method. Given the budget, 25% of the students were randomly selected to collect blood samples. In this study, 10 176 primary and middle school students aged 7 to 17 years with complete physical measurements and blood biochemical indicators were selected as research objects. Chi-square test was used to compare the distribution differences of growth patterns under different demographic characteristics. Birth weight, waist circumference and blood biochemical indexes were expressed in the form of mean ± standard deviation, and the differences among different groups were compared by variance analysis. Binary Logistic regression model was used to analyze the relationship between different growth patterns and metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents aged 7 to 17 years.@*RESULTS@#The prevalence of metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents was 6.56%, 7.18% in boys and 5.97% in girls. The risk of metabolic syndrome was higher in the catch-down growth group than in the normal growth group (OR=1.417, 95%CI: 1.19-1.69), and lower in the catch-up growth group(OR=0.66, 95%CI: 0.53-0.82). After adjusting for gender, age and so on, the risk of developing metabolic syndrome in the catch-down growth group was higher than that in the normal growth group (OR=1.25, 95%CI: 1.02-1.52), but there was no significant difference between the catch-up growth group and the normal growth group (OR=0.79, 95%CI: 0.62-1.01). Stratified analysis showed that the association between different growth patterns and metabolic syndrome was statistically significant in the 7-12 years group, urban population, and Han Chinese student population.@*CONCLUSION@#There is a correlation between different growth patterns and metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents. The risk of developing metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents with catch-down growth is higher than that in the normal growth group, which suggests that attention should be paid to the growth and development of children and adolescents, timely correction of delayed growth and prevention of adverse health outcomes.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Adolescent , Metabolic Syndrome/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Students , Urban Population , Asian People , China/epidemiology , Prevalence
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971126

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the distribution of irregular blood group antibodies in patients with malignant tumors, and to analyze the relationship between it and efficacy of blood transfusion in patients.@*METHODS@#5 600 patients with malignant tumors treated in Shanxi Bethune Hospital from January 2019 to December 2021 were selected as the research subjects. All patients received blood transfusion, and cross matching test was conducted before blood transfusion, irregular antibody results of patients were tested; the irregular distribution of blood group antibodies was observed, and the relationship between it and efficacy of blood transfusion in patients was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among 5 600 patients with malignant tumors, 96 cases were positive for irregular antibody, and the positive rate was 1.71%; the main blood group systems involved in the irregular antibody positive of 96 patients with malignant tumors were RH, MNSs and Duffy system, among which Rh blood group was the most common, and the proportion of anti-E was the highest; among the malignant tumor patients with positive blood group irregular antibody, the proportion of female was higher than that of male; the proportion of patients aged >60 years was the highest, followed by patients aged >40 and ≤50 years, and the proportion of patients aged 18-30 years was the lowest; the patients with positive blood group irregular antibody were mainly in blood system (including lymphoma), digestive system, reproductive and urinary system; the positive rate of irregular antibody of patients in the ineffective group was higher than that of patients in the effective group, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis results showed that, irregular antibody positive was a risk factor for ineffective blood transfusion in patients with malignant tumor (OR>1, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The irregular blood group antibody positive of patients with malignant tumor are mostly female, and the proportion of patients aged >60 is the highest, which is mainly distributed in malignant tumors of blood system, digestive system and urogenital system, and the positive blood group irregular antibody is related to the efficacy of blood transfusion in patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Blood Transfusion , Blood Group Antigens , Rh-Hr Blood-Group System , Antibodies , Neoplasms/therapy , Isoantibodies
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970929

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical phenotype and genetic features of a child with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM).@*METHODS@#Clinical data of the child who had presented at the Zhengzhou Children's Hospital on April 28, 2020 was collected. Trio-whole exome sequencing (trio-WES) was carried out for the child and her parents, and candidate variants were validated by Sanger sequencing. "FHL2" was taken as the key word to retrieve related literature from January 1, 1997 to October 31, 2021 in the PubMed database and was also searched in the ClinVar database as a supplement to analyze the correlation between genetic variants and clinical features.@*RESULTS@#The patient was a 5-month-old female infant presented with left ventricular enlargement and reduced systolic function. A heterozygous missense variant c.391C>T (p.Arg131Cys) in FHL2 gene was identified through trio-WES. The same variant was not detected in either of her parents. A total of 10 patients with FHL2 gene variants have been reported in the literature, 6 of them had presented with DCM, 2 with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), and 2 with sudden unexplained death (SUD). Phenotypic analysis revealed that patients with variants in the LIM 3 domain presented hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and those with variants of the LIM 0~2 and LIM 4 domains had mainly presented DCM. The c.391C>T (p.Arg131Cys) has been identified in a child with DCM, though it has not been validated among the patient's family members. Based on the guidelines of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics, the c.391C>T(p.Arg131Cys) variant was re-classified as likely pathogenic (PS2+PM2_Supporting+PP3+PP5).@*CONCLUSION@#The heterozygous missense variant of c.391C>T (p.Arg131Cys) in the FHL2 gene probably predisposed to the DCM in this child, which has highlighted the importance of WES in the clinical diagnosis and genetic counseling.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated/genetics , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic , Genetic Counseling , Genomics , Heterozygote , Muscle Proteins/genetics , Transcription Factors , LIM-Homeodomain Proteins/genetics
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970849

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the application of 3D printing percutaneous surgical guide plate in closed reduction and cannulated screw internal fixation of femoral neck fracture.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 12 patients with femoral neck fracture from March 2019 to March 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into observation group and control group according to different operation plans, with 6 cases in each group. The observation group received percutaneous operation guide plate assisted closed reduction and hollow screw internal fixation, while the control group received closed reduction and hollow compression screw internal fixation. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, fluoroscopy times, and Kirschner needle puncture times were compared between two groups. The location of screws were recordedon postoperative X-ray films, follow-up time, time of complete fracture healing, Harris score of hip joint and the incidence of complications were recorded on postoperative X-ray films.@*RESULTS@#The operation time of observation group (32.17±6.18) min was shorter than that of control group (53.83±7.31) min (P<0.05). The amount of intraoperative bleeding in the observation group (18.33±2.94) ml was less than that in the control group (38.17±5.56) ml(P<0.05). The times of fluoroscopy in the observation group (7.50±1.05) were less than those in the control group (21.00±4.82) (P<0.05). The number of Kirschner needle punctures (8.00±0.63) in observation group was less than that in control group (32.67±3.08) (P<0.05). The follow-up time was(12.88±0.74) months in observation group and (12.83±0.72) months in control group, there was no significant difference between two groups (P>0.05). One year after operation, Harris score of hip joint in the observation group was(82.00±4.52) points, while that in the control group was(81.00±3.41) points, there was no significant difference between two groups(P>0.05). The time of complete fracture healing in the observation group was (7.50±1.05) months, while that in the control group was (7.67±1.21) months, there was no significant difference between two groups(P>0.05). The parallelism of the screws in the observation group was (0.50±0.11) ° and (0.76±0.15) °, which were lower than that in the control group (1.57±0.31) ° and (1.87±0.21) ° (P<0.05). The screw distribution area ratio (0.13±0.02) cm2 in the observation group was higher than that in the control group (0.08±0.01) cm2 (P<0.05). No complications such as necrosis of femoral head, nonunion of fracture, shortening of femoral neck and withdrawal of internal fixation occurred in both groups.@*CONCLUSION@#The application of 3D printing percutaneous surgical guide plate improves the accuracy and safety of closed reduction and cannulated screw internal fixation for femoral neck fracture. It has the advantages of minimally invasive, reducing radiation exposure, fast and accurate, shortening the operation time and reducing intraoperative bleeding.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Femoral Neck Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Bone Screws , Printing, Three-Dimensional
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970581

ABSTRACT

To explore the research hotspots and frontier directions of pyroptosis in the field of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), the authors searched CNKI and Web of Science for literature related to pyroptosis in TCM, screened literature according to the search strategy and inclusion criteria, and analyzed the publication trend of the included literature. VOSviewer was used to draw author cooperation and keyword co-occurrence network diagrams, and CiteSpace was employed for keyword clustering, emergence, and timeline view. Finally, 507 Chinese literature and 464 English literature were included, and it was found that the number of Chinese and English literature was increasing rapidly year by year. The co-occurrence of the authors showed that in terms of Chinese literature, there was a representative research team composed of DU Guan-hua, WANG Shou-bao and FANG Lian-hua, and for English literature, the representative research team was composed of XIAO Xiao-he, BAI Zhao-fang and XU Guang. The network visualization of Chinese and English keywords revealed that inflammation, apoptosis, oxidative stress, autophagy, organ damage, fibrosis, atherosclerosis, and ischemia-reperfusion injury were the primary research diseases and pathological processes in TCM; berberine, resveratrol, puerarin, na-ringenin, astragaloside Ⅳ, and baicalin were the representative active ingredients; NLRP3/caspase-1/GSDMD, TLR4/NF-κB/NLRP3, and p38/MAPK signaling pathways were the main research pathways. Keyword clustering, emergence, and timeline analysis indicated that the pyroptosis research in TCM focused on the mechanism of TCM monomers and compounds intervening in diseases and pathological processes. Pyroptosis is a research hotspot in the area of TCM, and the current discussion mainly focuses on the mechanism of the therapeutic effect of TCM.


Subject(s)
Pyroptosis , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Pattern Recognition, Automated , Apoptosis
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981270

ABSTRACT

Blood stream infection (BSI),a blood-borne disease caused by microorganisms such as bacteria,fungi,and viruses,can lead to bacteremia,sepsis,and infectious shock,posing a serious threat to human life and health.Identifying the pathogen is central to the precise treatment of BSI.Traditional blood culture is the gold standard for pathogen identification,while it has limitations in clinical practice due to the long time consumption,production of false negative results,etc.Nanopore sequencing,as a new generation of sequencing technology,can rapidly detect pathogens,drug resistance genes,and virulence genes for the optimization of clinical treatment.This paper reviews the current status of nanopore sequencing technology in the diagnosis of BSI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nanopore Sequencing , Sepsis/diagnosis , Bacteremia/microbiology , Bacteria , Blood Culture/methods
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941018

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation of intraplaque neovascularization (IPN) detected by carotid contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) with revascularization in patients following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).@*METHODS@#This study was conducted among 105 patients who were followed up for more than 12 months after PCI. All the patients received CEUS examination for assessment of carotid plaque formation and IPN, which were compared between patients with revascularization (REV group, n=27) and those without revascularization (N-REV group, n=78). ROC curve was used to analyze the diagnostic efficacy of CEUS for predicting revascularization. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to identify the risk factors associated with revascularization.@*RESULTS@#In the REV group, the IPN score was 0 in 1 (3.7%) patient, 1 in 8 (29.6%) patients, 2 in 15 (55.6%) patients and 3 in 3 (11.1%) patients. Significant differences were noted between REV and N-REV groups in plaque length (15.70±6.93 vs 12.10±6.64, P < 0.05), maximum plaque thickness (3.69±1.12 vs 3.14±1.18, P < 0.05) and IPN (1.74±0.71 vs 0.87±0.63, P < 0.001). IPN score was identified as an independent risk factor for revascularization in patients following PCI, and at the cutoff value of 1.5, its sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value for predicting the occurrence of revascularization were 74%, 89%, 69%, and 91%, respectively, with an AUC of 0.848 (95% CI: 0.703-0.905, P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#CEUS allows noninvasive and semi-quantitative assessment of neovascularization in carotid artery plaques, and IPN detected by CEUS is correlated with the risk of revascularization in patients following PCI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Neovascularization, Pathologic , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , ROC Curve , Risk Factors , Vascular Surgical Procedures
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989251

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mechanism of Huang'e capsule in the treatment of chronic prostatitis (CP) based on network pharmacology and molecular docking.Methods:The drug ingredients of Huang'e Capsule were screened by searching the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP), the Encyclopedia of Traditional Chinese Medicine (ETCM), and some other literature materials. The drug component targets were predicted using Swiss Target Prediction, and the CP disease targets were obtained using GeneCards, OMIM, and GisGeNET. The intersection targets were obtained by Venny 2.1.0. A protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed by STRING and Cytoscape software. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analyses were carried out by Metascape. The "drug-ingredient-target-pathway" network was established by Cytoscape software. Molecular docking was carried out with PubChem, PDB, PyMoL, and AutoDock.Results:It was found that 142 active ingredients in Huang'e Capsule acted directly on 286 disease targets through multiple pathways for CP treatment, with cyasterone, morin, quercetin, kaempferol, luteolin, and isorhamnetin as core ingredients and ESR1, CDK1, APP, SYK, and EGFR as core targets. GO enrichment analysis showed that the most likely related BP of the intersection genes mainly includes cellular reaction to nitrogen-containing compounds, inorganic substances, organic cyclic compounds, etc., CCs mainly involved in membrane rafts, receptor complexes, membrane sides, etc., and MF includes protein kinase activity, nuclear receptor activity, and kinase binding, etc. It can be found in KEGG enrichment analysis that Huang'e Capsule is mainly involved in the phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt) signaling pathway and the HIF-1 signaling pathway. Molecular docking indicated that the core target had a great affinity with the core active ingredients of the Huang'e Capsule.Conclusions:Huang'e Capsule is mainly used to treat CP by modulating the disease targets such as ESR1, CDK1, APP, SYK, and EGFR of PI3K/Akt, HIF-1 and other signaling pathways, interfering with enzyme activity, inflammatory reactions, and other biological processes.

14.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 28-34, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933157

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of different HER2 expression levels and gene amplification on the efficacy of immunotherapy in metastatic urothelial carcinoma (UC).Methods:The clinical data of 77 patients with metastatic UC who received immunotherapy from June 2017 to April 2021 after failure to the previous chemotherapy were analyzed retrospectively, including 49 males and 28 females with the median age of 62 years. The primary tumors located in bladder in 28 cases (36.4%), renal pelvis in 25 cases (32.5%) and ureter in 24 cases (31.2%). The common metastatic sites included: lymph nodes (n = 45, 58.4%), lung (n = 40, 51.9%), bone (n = 20, 26.0%) and liver (n = 16, 20.8%). 27 patients with bladder UC received surgery on the primary tumors including radical cystectomy (n = 18), partial cystectomy (n = 4) and transurethral resection (n = 5). 43 patients with renal pelvis or ureteral UC received surgery on the primary tumors including radical nephroureterectomy (n = 38), local resection (n = 3) and palliative resection (n = 2). Postoperative intravesical chemotherapy was performed in 15 cases, adjuvant radiotherapy was performed in 6 cases. 3 patients who emerged postoperative bladder recurrence received local radiotherapy. 7 patients received radiotherapy and 1 case received microwave ablation to their metastatic sites. All patients had received first-line chemotherapy and 30 patients (40.0%) had received at least second-line treatment including 70 cases (90.9%) with platinum containing chemotherapy. All 77 patients received anti-PD-1 treatment. 38 patients received sequential regimen after failed to the anti-PD-1 therapy, including antibody-drug conjugate (n = 17), chemotherapy (n = 18) and chemotherapy combined with anti-angiogenesis drugs (n = 12). Immunohistochemical (IHC) staining was used to detect the expression level of HER2 protein in the tumor tissues (74 cases from primary tumors and 3 cases from metastatic tumors) obtained from the initial diagnosis. For patients with HER2 IHC (+ + ), the copy number (CN) of HER2 gene was detected by next-generation sequencing (NGS). HER2 copy number amplification [CN (+ )] was defined as CN ≥ 4, and HER2 copy number non-amplification [CN(-)] was defined as CN < 4. HER2 IHC (0) was defined as HER2 negative, IHC (+ ) or IHC (+ + ) / CN (-)was defined as HER2 low expression, while IHC (+ + ) / CN(+ ) and IHC (+ + + ) were defined as HER2 high expression. Chi-square test or Fisher exact test were used to evaluate the correlation between HER2 expression and objective response rate (ORR) after anti-PD-1 treatment. Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test were used to compare the differences of median progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) under different HER2 expression status.Results:All the 77 patients received a median of 11 (range: 2 - 45) doses of anti-PD-1 treatment with a median duration of treatment of 6.4 (range: 1.5 - 47.8) months and the ORR was 33.8% (26/77). The median follow-up time was 30.9 months. The overall median PFS time was 5.8 (95% CI: 3.0 - 8.6) months and the median OS time was 23.6 (95% CI: 8.5 - 38.7) months. HER2 IHC tests were performed in 77 patients. HER2 IHC levels of (0), (+ ), (+ + ) and (+ + + ) were found in 33 (42.9%), 19 (24.7%), 20 (26.0%) and 5 (6.5%) patients, respectively. HER2 copy number was detected in 20 patients with IHC (+ + ), while 1 CN(+ ) and 19 CN(-) were found. The ORR of HER2 negative, low expression and high expression patients were 42.4% (14/33) vs. 31.6% (12/38) vs. 0 (0/6) ( P = 0.08), respectively. The median PFS of the three groups were 11.0 months, 3.7 months and 1.8 months, respectively, with significant differences in overall and pairwise comparison( P=0.001). The median OS of patients with HER2 negative and low expression after anti-PD-1 treatment were 23.6 months and 22.7 months, respectively, while the median OS of patients with HER2 high expression had not been reached, with no significant difference in the overall comparison ( P=0.623). Conclusions:For patients with metastatic UC received anti-PD-1 treatment, the PFS of patients with high HER2 expression was significantly worse than that of patients with low or negative HER2 expression. HER2 expression may have potential value in predicting the efficacy of immunotherapy for metastatic UC who failed the previous chemotherapy, which needs further research.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930142

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the medication and prescription rules in ancient Chinese medicine books in the treatment of premature ejaculation based on Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) Inheritance Supporting Platform.Methods:Search for the relevant literature concerning treating premature ejaculation with TCM in the ancient books before 1949, conduct data mining with Traditional Chinese Medicine Inheritance Supporting Platform, analyze the medication and the prescription rules, so as to summarize the academic thoughts of the ancient physicians in treating premature ejaculation.Results:Among 39 selected eligible ancient books, a total of 45 prescriptions were included, involving 118 kinds of Chinese medicines. Among them, 14 Chinese medicines were used more than 10 times. The top five Chinese medicines were Ginseng radix et rhizoma, Schisandrae chinensis fructus, Dioscoreae rhizoma, Polygalae radix, Atractylodis macrocephalae rhizoma; in the classification of Chinese medicines tonic Chinese medicine, tranquilizers, and astringent are used frequently. The most frequently used Chinese medicine pairs were Corni fructus- Ginseng radix et rhizoma, Ginseng radix et rhizoma- Dioscoreae rhizoma, Ginseng radix et rhizoma- Atractylodis macrocephalae rhizoma; 33 core combinations of 3 Chinese mediciness and 4 core combinations of 4 Chinese medicines were obtained. Conclusion:The medication that could treat premature ejaculation in the ancient TCM books are mainlythe kidney, liver, and heart meridian. The main principle is to invigorate the kidney, replenish the essence, and replenishing qi and soothing the nerves. It can provide reference for clinical treatment of premature ejaculation.

16.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1228-1233, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929513

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the choice of surgical approach, therapeutic effect and complications of orbital cavernous hemangioma(OCH)in different positions of orbit.METHODS: The clinical data of 128 patients of 128 eyes with OCH whose were surgically removed and pathologically diagnosed in the department of ophthalmology of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University from January 2016 to August 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The position of OCH in the orbit was determined by preoperative imaging examination(CT/MRI), so as to select different surgical approaches and analyze the postoperative curative effect and the incidence of complications.RESULTS: The location of OCH in the orbit: 82 eyes in the muscle cone and 46 eyes outside the muscle cone. According to the quadrant of the orbit where the tumor was located, there were 24 eyes in the upper-outer quadrant, 38 eyes in the lower-outer quadrant, 28 eyes in the upper-inner quadrant, 12 eyes in the lower-inner quadrant, and 26 eyes the intraconal central space. The selection of surgical approach: 1)OCH in the muscle cone: conjunctival approach surgery in 53 eyes, lateral orbital approach surgery in 22 eyes, lateral combined medial conjunctiva orbital approach surgery in 5 eyes, skin approach surgery in 1 eye, transnasal approach under nasal endoscope surgery in 1 eye; 2)OCH outside the muscle cone: skin approach in 29 eyes, conjunctival approach in 12 eyes and lateral orbital approach in 5 eyes. Postoperative efficacy: except for 1 eye of postoperative tumor residue, the other 127 eyes were completely removed. Postoperative complications: 1)Ocular motility disorder: 16 eyes, including conjunctival approach surgery in 11 eyes, lateral orbital approach surgery in 4 eyes, lateral combined medial conjunctiva orbital approach surgery in 1 eye; 2)Visual acuity decreased in 9 eyes: conjunctival approach surgery in 3 eyes, lateral orbital approach surgery in 6 eyes; 3)Mydriasis occurred in 9 eyes, including 4 eyes via conjunctival approach surgery and 5 eyes via lateral orbital approach surgery; 4)Intraorbital hemorrhage occurred in 3 eyes: all occurred through conjunctival approach surgery; 5)Visual acuity was lost in 2 eyes, including conjunctival approach surgery in 1 eye and lateral orbital opening approach surgery in 1 eye; 6)There were 2 eyes of ptosis, including conjunctival approach surgery in 1 case and skin approach surgery in 1 eye; 7)Tumor residue occurred in 1 eye: multiple intraorbital tumors were treated by lateral orbital approach surgery.CONCLUSION: The accurate location of OCH combined with imaging examination and the selection of appropriate surgical approaches according to different locations can successfully remove the tumor and reduce the incidence of complications.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940506

ABSTRACT

The pathological changes of the heart after myocardial infarction (MI) are complex, involving multiple molecular mechanisms and various cells, such as myocardial cells, endothelial cells, fibroblasts, and macrophages. With multiple targets, Chinese medicine demonstrates ideal cardioprotective effect. However, the complex mechanism of multi-component Chinese medicine formulas has not been elucidated, thus limiting the further application. The high-throughput single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) technology offers single-cell transcriptome analysis of hundreds of drugs under different processing conditions in a single experiment and identifies the differences in the response of different cells and cell subtypes to drug treatment. scRNA-seq technology helps us to understand the exact cellular and molecular mechanisms of cardiac remodeling from acute ischemic events to chronic cardiac scarring. The application of scRNA-seq to studying the cardioprotective mechanism of Chinese medicine after MI can boost the development of Chinese medicine, help obtain richer, more accurate and comprehensive information. It can give us a clear insight into the mechanism of Chinese medicine based on complex network. In this study, we summarized the research on cardioprotective mechanism of Chinese medicine and introduced the development of scRNA-seq technology and the application to MI research. Finally, we explored the possible application prospects of scRNA-seq in the research on cardioprotective mechanism of Chinese medicine after MI, hoping to provide ideas for the modernization of Chinese medicine.

18.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 376-384, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939892

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Psoriasis is a common chronic inflammatory skin disease that is prone to recurrence, and the proinflammatory factor, cysteine-rich protein 61 (Cyr61), is important in its pathophysiology. Long-term clinical practice has shown that Sancao Formula (SC), a Chinese herbal compound, is effective in the treatment of psoriasis, but the precise mechanism remains unknown. In this study, we investigate the mechanism by which SC extract alleviates imiquimod (IMQ)-induced psoriasis.@*METHODS@#The expression of Cyr61 in psoriatic lesions and normal healthy skin was detected using immunohistochemical analysis to investigate the biological role of Cyr61 in models of psoriatic inflammation. A psoriatic mouse model was established by topical application of IMQ, and the effect of topical application of SC extract was evaluated using the psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) score, hematoxylin-eosin staining, and histopathological features of the skin. Next, a HaCaT cell inflammation model was established using interferon-γ (IFN-γ), and the effect of SC extract on the mRNA and protein levels of Cyr61 and intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) was confirmed using Western blot and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction analyses.@*RESULTS@#Immunohistochemical staining showed that the expression of Cyr61 in psoriatic lesions was higher than that in normal skin samples (78.26% vs 41.18%, P < 0.05), and the number of Cyr61-positive cells in psoriatic lesions was also significantly higher than in normal skin (18.66 ± 2.51 vs 4.33 ± 1.52, P < 0.05). Treatment in mice with IMQ-induced psoriasis showed that SC extract could significantly improve the inflammatory phenotype, PASI score (10.875 ± 0.744 vs 3.875 ± 0.582, P < 0.05), and pathological features compared with those in IMQ model group; SC treatment was also associated with decreased levels of Cyr61 and ICAM-1. In the IFN-γ-induced inflammatory cell model, the mRNA and protein levels of Cyr61 and ICAM-1 were upregulated, while the SC extract downregulated the levels of Cyr61 and ICAM-1.@*CONCLUSION@#The results provide a theoretical basis for the involvement of Cyr61 in the pathogenesis of psoriasis, and suggest that SC should be used to target Cyr61 for the prevention of psoriasis recurrence.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , China , Cysteine-Rich Protein 61/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Imiquimod/adverse effects , Inflammation/drug therapy , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/genetics , Interferon-gamma , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Psoriasis/pathology , RNA, Messenger/therapeutic use
19.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 982-986,991, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909652

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between multiple parameters of islet function evaluation and atherogenic index (AIP) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).Methods:A cross-sectional study was conducted to observe 216 T2DM patients hospitalized in Tianjin Medical University Chu Hsien-I Memorial Hospital in 2019. They were divided into non atherogenic phenotype group (N Group, AIP<0.06) and atherogenic phenotype group (A group, AIP≥0.06) with AIP=0.06 as the cut-off point. The general clinical indexes and evaluation indexes of oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), such as insulin action index (IAI), quantitative insulin sensitivity check index (QUICKI), homeostasis model of insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR), homeostasis model assessment-β (HOMA-β), C peptide insulin resistance index (HOMA IR-CP) and C peptide islet function index suitable to diabetes patients (HOMA islet-CP DM) were compared between two groups. Pearson correlation analysis and multiple stepwise regression analysis were performed.Results:Compared with the N group, the very low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (VLDL-C), ln (HOMA IR-CP) and ln (HOMA islet-CP DM) in A group were higher ( P<0.01), while ln (QUICKI) was lower ( P<0.05), with statistical significance. AIP was positively correlated with VLDL-C ( r=0.765), ln (HOMA-IR) ( r=0.257), ln (HOMA-β) ( r=0.189), ln (HOMA IR-CP) ( r=0.418) and ln (HOMA islet-CP DM) ( r=0.377, P<0.01), and negatively correlated with IAI ( r=-0.145, P<0.05) and ln (QUICKI) ( r=-0.254, P<0.01). Multiple stepwise regression analysis showed that VLDL-C and ln (HOMA IR-CP) were independent influencing factors of AIP in type 2 diabetic patients ( P<0.01) . Conclusions:AIP is positively correlated with insulin resistance and negatively correlated with insulin sensitivity. VLDL-C and HOMA IR-CP are independent predictors of AIP.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906338

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the extraction method and characteristics of vesicle-like nanoparticles (VLNs) in Astragali Radix decoction, and to explore the mechanism of the VLNs in reducing blood glucose by regulating the gut microbiota of db/db diabetic mice. Method:Ultracentrifugation and size exclusion chromatography were used to enrich VLNs from Astragali Radix decoction, and the morphology, particle size and concentration of the VLNs were analyzed by transmission electron microscope and nanoparticle tracking analyzer. The db/db diabetic mice were randomly divided into model group, Astragali Radix VLNs high-, medium- and low-dose (21.1, 10.6, 5.3 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) groups and metformin group (0.25 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) according to their blood glucose levels. There were 7 mice in each group, and another 7 C57BL/6 mice were set as the normal group. The mice were given intragastrically for 3 weeks (once a day), and the changes of fasting blood glucose were observed every week. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the pathological morphology of liver and pancreas of diabetic mice. The feces of mice were collected for 16S rRNA diversity detection of intestinal microbes. Result:The size of the nanoparticles obtained by the two methods was about 200 nm. Astragali Radix VLNs extracted by ultracentrifugation had a typical saucer-like shape with the concentration of 3.0×10<sup>11</sup> particles·mL<sup>-1</sup>. The morphology of Astragali Radix VLNs obtained by size exclusion chromatography was relatively poor with the concentration of 2.2×10<sup>11</sup> particles·mL<sup>-1</sup>. After 3 weeks of administration, compared with the model group, Astragali Radix VLNs high-, medium- and low-dose groups could significantly reduce the fasting blood glucose of diabetic mice (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). The VLNs could improve the gut microbiota dysbiosis, significantly decrease the ratio of Firmicutes/Bacteroidota, and increase the relative abundance of beneficial bacteria and reduce the relative abundance of harmful bacteria. Conclusion:Astragali Radix VLNs may reduce the blood glucose of db/db diabetic mice by adjusting the ratio of Firmicutes/Bacteroidota in the intestinal flora.

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