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1.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 247-253, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006124

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the correlation between CSAG1 expression and the prognosis and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes in renal clear cell carcinoma (RCCC), and to predict the survival and tumor progression. 【Methods】 The gene expression profiles and clinical information of CSAG1 were downloaded from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Based on the differential mRNA expression, GO annotation and KEGG pathway analysis were performed. The relationship between CSAG1 and tumor immune infiltration was assessed with Tumor Immunoassay Resource (Timer 2.0) database. The mRNA expression of CSAG1 in human RCCC specimens was validated with qRT-PCR. 【Results】 CSAG1 expression was significantly higher in RCCC tissues than in normal tissues (P<0.05). The qRT-PCR results revealed that the mRNA level of CSAG1 was consistent with that predicted by bioinformatic analysis. The KEGG analysis and GO annotation indicated high GSAG1 expression in RCCC was related to transmembrane transport, tricarboxylic acid cycle and lysosome. CSAG1 expression was positively related to the infiltration of pDC, aDC, CD8+ T cells, cytotoxic cells, TFH, TH1 cells, Tem, NK CD56dm cells, Treg and T cells, but negatively correlated with macrophage infiltration. 【Conclusion】 CSAG1 may be associated with poor prognosis of RCCC and become a potential immunotherapy target.

2.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 429-432, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006068

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the efficacy and safety of single position transabdominal and extraperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephroureterectomy in the treatment of upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). 【Methods】 Clinical data of 31 UTUC cases treated in our hospital during Nov.2018 and Jun.2022 were retrospectively analyzed, including 11 tumors in the right side, and 20 in left side. There were 14 cases of renal pelvic carcinoma, 16 cases of ureter carcinoma, and 1 case of renal pelvic carcinoma plus ureter carcinoma. 【Results】 All surgeries were successfully performed without conversion to open surgery. The mean operation time was (81.45±19.80) min, and the estimated blood loss was (69.03±24.13) mL. No serious perioperative complications were observed. The average postoperative hospital stay was (6.13±2.44) d, and the median follow-up was 28 (3.0-49.0) months. At the last follow-up, 2 patients died, 3 had recurrence, but no contralateral recurrence was observed. 【Conclusion】 Single position transabdominal and extraperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephroureterectomy is safe, effective and feasible in the treatment of UTUC. It is worth clinical popularization.

3.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 976-979, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005959

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the safety and efficacy of a modified one-piece posterior laparoscopic total nephroureterectomy with cystic sleeve resection in the treatment of upper urinary tract uroepithelial carcinoma (UTUC). 【Methods】 A total of 24 patients treated during Jan. and Jun. 2022 were involved, including 16 males and 8 females, aged 62 to 90 (average 73) years. The UTUC was in the left side in 15 cases, and in the right side in 9 cases. There were 10 cases of renal pelvis tumor, 6 cases of upper ureteral tumor and 8 cases of lower ureteral tumor. 【Results】 All operations were successful without conversion to open surgery. The operation time ranged from 60 to 100 minutes, average (71.25±9.80) minutes. The intraoperative bleeding volume was 20 to 200 mL, average (30.03±8.13) mL. No significant intraoperative or postoperative complications occurred. The postoperative hospital stay was 4 to 7 days, average (5.83±1.44) days. Bladder perfusion chemotherapy was performed after surgery. 【Conclusion】 The modified one-piece posterior laparoscopic total nephroureterectomy plus cystic sleeve resection for UTUC is an effective and feasible procedure with satisfactory tumor control, which is worth further promotion in clinical practice.

4.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 389-397, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981936

ABSTRACT

Male reproductive infections are known to shape the immunological homeostasis of the testes, leading to male infertility. However, the specific pathogenesis of these changes remains poorly understood. Exosomes released in the inflammatory microenvironment are important in communication between the local microenvironment and recipient cells. Here, we aim to identify the immunomodulatory properties of inflammatory testes-derived exosomes (IT-exos) and explore their underlying mechanisms in orchitis. IT-exos were isolated using a uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC)-induced orchitis model and confirmed that IT-exos promoted proinflammatory M1 activation with increasing expression of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in vitro. We further used small RNA sequencing to identify the differential miRNA profiles in exosomes and primary testicular macrophages (TMs) from normal and UPEC-infected testes, respectively, and identified that miR-155-5p was highly enriched in IT-exos and TMs from inflammatory testes. Further study of bone marrow derived macrophages (BMDMs) transfected with miR-155-5p mimic showed that macrophages polarized to proinflammatory phenotype. In addition, the mice that were administrated IT-exos showed remarkable activation of TM1-like macrophages; however, IT-exos with silencing miR-155-5p showed a decrease in proinflammatory responses. Overall, we demonstrate that miR-155-5p delivered by IT-exos plays an important role in the activation of TM1 in UPEC-induced orchitis. Our study provides a new perspective on the immunological mechanisms underlying inflammation-related male infertility.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Mice , Animals , Orchitis , Uropathogenic Escherichia coli/metabolism , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Exosomes/metabolism , Macrophages/metabolism , Phenotype , Infertility, Male/metabolism
5.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 473-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978487

ABSTRACT

Acute kidney injury is a common complication after liver transplantation, which severely affects clinical prognosis of liver transplant recipients. Multiple factors before, during and after liver transplantation may cause kidney injury. If not properly treated, it may progress into chronic kidney diseases, which significantly increases postoperative fatality and negatively affects clinical efficacy of liver transplantation. Therefore, prevention, diagnosis and treatment of acute kidney injury after liver transplantation is a hot topic for clinicians. In this article, the definition, diagnosis, risk factors, prevention and treatment of acute kidney injury after liver transplantation were reviewed, and potential risk factors and related therapeutic strategies during different stages of acute kidney injury after liver transplantation were analyzed, aiming to lower the risk of acute kidney injury after liver transplantation and further improve clinical prognosis of liver transplant recipients by optimizing treatment regimens.

6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1179-1184, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976492

ABSTRACT

AIM: To study the effects of long-term use of clozapine on tear film stability and ocular surface tissue structure.METHODS: Case-control study was conducted on 45 patients(group 1)who were diagnosed with schizophrenia and treated with clozapine for 3.45±0.72a between March 2021 and December 2021. Another 45 healthy subjects(group 2)served as controls, whose demographic characteristics were similar to those of group 1. Patients' dry eye symptoms were investigated using OSDI questionnaire, tear secretion was detected by the Schirmer I test, ocular surface damage was assessed by the ocular surface staining score, and comprehensive ophthalmic examination was performed on all patients through LipiView ocular surface interferometer, ocular surface integrated analyzer, corneal confocal microscope and slit lamp photographic system.RESULTS: Slit-lamp photography showed diffuse grayish-white spot-like opacification in the corneal stroma of group 1, accompanied by brown star-like opacification in the center of the anterior capsule of the lens. OSDI scores were 38.00(31.50, 48.50)and 15.00(9.00, 19.50)in the two groups respectively. Schirmer test showed that the group 1 was 5.27±2.18mm/5min, while group 2 was 15.62±3.05mm/5min. Corneal fluorescein staining score: 4.00(2.50, 5.00)for group 1 and 1.00(0.00, 1.50)for group 2. The lissamine green staining score for the conjunctiva was 9.00(6.50, 10.00)and 3.00(2.00, 3.50)for the two groups, respectively. LipiView detected lipid layer thickness(LLT), suggesting that the results of group 1 and group 2 were similar, respectively 75.91±15.51 and 77.24±12.11nm; and the results were similar for the lid gland deficiency score, with 1.37±0.26 and 1.29±0.31 points, respectively. The mean tear meniscus height in group 1 was 0.13±0.06mm, which was lower than 0.23±0.04mm of group 2. Non-invasive breakup time(NIBUT)was 6.04±2.62 and 11.4±2.74s in group 1 and group 2 respectively. OSDI score, Schirmer Ⅰ test, ocular surface staining score, tear meniscus height and NIBUT were significantly different between the two groups(P&#x003C;0.05). Confocal corneal microscopy suggested decreased corneal nerve fiber density with stromal layer inflammatory cell infiltration and pigmentation in group 1.CONCLUSION: The antipsychotic drug clozapine can induce dry eye with a range of ocular surface injuries such as corneal pigmentation, and patients who taking such drugs should be routinely examined by an ophthalmologist.

7.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 180-187, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973760

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the biological mechanism of drought improving the quality of Rhizoma Atractylodis Chinensis and establish a new method for the production of high-quality medicinal materials. MethodThe fresh roots of Atractylodes chinensis were soaked in 0 (control), 5%, 10%, and 20% PEG-6000 solutions. The changes in reactive oxygen species (ROS) level, antioxidant enzyme activity, activities of key enzymes in primary metabolism and secondary metabolism, and content of secondary metabolites were compared. ResultCompared with the control group, the treatment with 20% PEG for 2 days elevated the levels of superoxide anion radicals (O2-·), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), and malondialdehyde (MDA) by 172.5%, 56.9%, and 14.7%, respectively. The treatment did not change the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), reduced the peroxidase (POD) activity, and increased the catalase (CAT) activity by 10.8%. It increased the activities of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase (HMGR), phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPC), and acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) by 49.9%, 12.1%, and 19.0%, respectively. Furthermore, the content of atractylodin, β-eudesmol, atractylone, and atractylenolide Ⅱ was increased by 51.0%, 36.9%, 47.1%, and 91.5%, respectively. The simulated drought stress can cause the burst of ROS in the fresh roots of A. chinensis, induce the physiological state of plants under drought, change the antioxidant system, and promote the massive synthesis of secondary metabolites in a short time. ConclusionPEG-6000-simulated drought stress can greatly improve the quality of A. chinensis in cultivation.

8.
International Eye Science ; (12): 557-562, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965776

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of P2Y2 agonist diquafosol sodium(DQS)eye drops in the treatment of diabetic dry eye.METHODS: A total of 80 patients(160 eyes)with diabetic dry eye who admitted to our hospital from January 2022 to March 2022 were selected. They were randomly divided into study group and control group. A total of 40 patients(80 eyes)in the study group were treated with 3% DQS eye drops and 40 patients(80 eyes)in the control group were treated with 0.3% sodium hyaluronate eye drops. The ocular surface disease index(OSDI)score, non-invasive tear meniscus height(NITMH), first non-invasive tear film break-up time(NIBUTf), average non-invasive tear film break-up time(NIBUTav), tarsal gland loss score, lipid layer thickness grade and bulbar redness analysis(including conjunctival grade and ciliary grade), were examined before treatment and at 1wk, 1 and 3mo after treatment, respectively. Furthermore, corneal fluorescence staining and conjunctival lissamine green staining were analyzed based on the ocular surface staining score(OSS), and the conjunctival impression cytology and confocal microscopy were evaluated before and 3mo after treatment, respectively.RESULTS: There were no differences in OSDI score, tarsal gland loss score, conjunctival grade score and ciliary grade score between the two groups before and after treatment(P&#x0026;#x003E;0.05). OSS scores in the study group were lower than those in the control group, while NITMH, NIBUTf and NIBUTav were higher than those in the control group at 1 and 3mo after treatment(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05). After 3mo of treatment, the density of conjunctival goblet cells increased and corneal dendritic cells decreased in the study group compared with the baseline(all P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05), while there were no significant changes in the control group compared with the baseline(all P&#x0026;#x003E;0.05).CONCLUSION: 3% DQS eye drops were effective in treating diabetic dry eye without serious complications.

9.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 441-446, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954616

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of blood lipids, serum interleukin-6 (IL-6) and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) detection in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer.Methods:From Mar. 2016 to Oct. 2021, 120 cases of DTC were admitted to the DTC group, 138 patients with benign thyroid nodules were included in the benign group, and 100 healthy people undergoing the physical examination in our hospital during the same period. were enrolled in the control group. Triglyceride (TG) , total cholesterol (TC) , high density liptein cholesterol (HDL-C) , low density lipoprotein (LDL-C) , IL-6, and TSH were compared between groups, and statistically significant indexes were included for multivariate analysis of the occurrence of DTC. The sensitivity, specificity and optimal cut-off value were analyzed, and their relationship with the clinicopathological characteristics of DTC patients was analyzed.Results:Serum TSH and IL-6 levels from high to low were malignant group, benign group and control group, and HDL-C levels from high to low were control group, benign group and malignant group ( P<0.05) . There was no significant difference in the levels of TC, TG or LDL-C ( P>0.05) . Multivariate Llogistics regression analysis indicated that TSH and IL-6 may be risk factors for the occurrence of differentiated thyroid cancer (all OR>1, P<0.05) . HDL-C may be a protective factor for the occurrence of differentiated thyroid cancer ( OR<1, P<0.05) . The ROC curve was drawn to determine the optimal cut-off value of TSH for the diagnosis of differentiated thyroid cancer, AUC: 0.985, sensitivity was 93.25%, specificity was 96.34%, 95% CI: 0.949-1.000 ( P<0.001) ; the best cut-off value of IL-6 for the diagnosis of differentiated thyroid cancer was 48.96 ng/L, AUC: 0.980, sensitivity was 96.98%, the specificity was 91.53%, 95%CI: 0.956-1.000 ( P<0.05) ; the best cut-off value of HDL-C for the diagnosis of differentiated thyroid cancer was 1.441 mmol/L, AUC: 0.0.691, the sensitivity was 85.10%, the specificity was 48.06%, 95%CI: 0.563-0.812 ( P<0.05) . The serum levels of TSH and IL-6 in patients with lymph node metastasis were significantly higher than those in patients without lymph node metastasis, and the level of HDL-C was significantly lower than those in patients without lymph node metastasis ( P<0.05) . TNM staging The serum levels of TSH and IL-6 in patients with stage III and IV were significantly higher than those in patients with stage I and II, and HDL-C was significantly lower than that in patients with stage I and II ( P<0.05) . Conclusions:Serum IL-6, TSH and HDL-C are closely related to the occurrence of differentiated thyroid cancer. The detection of serum IL-6, TSH and HDL-C is helpful for the differentiation of benign and malignant thyroid nodules. The presence or absence of lymph node metastasis in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer is related to TNM staging, and the detection value is high.

10.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 722-725, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931685

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between number of daily steps and insomnia in patients with chronic insomnia using "WeChat Sports" program.Methods:A total of 190 patients with insomnia who received treatment in Department of Neurology, Zhejiang University of Traditional Chinese Medicine Affiliated Wenzhou Hospital between October 2017 and October 2019. General data (age, sex, body mass index, history of smoking and alcohol use) and the number of daily steps recorded by "WeChat Sports" program were collected. Patients whose average number of daily steps was greater than 7500 were assigned to the sufficient exercise group ( n = 68), and the remaining patients were assigned to the insufficient exercise group ( n = 122). Patient symptoms were assessed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), The Patient Health Questionnaire-9, and generalized Anxiety Disorder scale-7. Scale evaluation and data collection were performed by two trained investigators. Data were compared between the two groups. The correlation between average number of daily steps and each scale score was analyzed. Results:Total PSQI score in the sufficient exercise group was significantly lower than that in the insufficient exercise group [(12.94 ± 3.14) points vs. (14.93 ± 2.99) points, t = 4.31, P < 0.001]. Scores of subjective sleep quality, sleep latency, habitual sleep efficiency, use of sleep medication, and daytime dysfunction were significantly lower in the sufficient exercise group than those in the insufficient exercise group ( P = 0.011, 0.008, 0.025, 0.039, 0.006). The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 and Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale-7 scores in the sufficient exercise group were significantly lower than those in the insufficient exercise group ( P = 0.011, P = 0.002). The average number of daily steps was significantly negatively correlated with total PSQI score, Patient Health Questionnaire-9 score, Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale-7 score, and score of each PSQI component (subjective sleep quality, sleep latency, habitual sleep efficiency, and daytime dysfunction) ( r = -0.29, -0.16, -0.19, -0.24, -0.15, -0.18, -0.23). Conclusion:Insomnia patients with insufficient daily exercise have more serious insomnia and emotional symptoms than those with sufficient daily exercise. Daily average exercise is correlated with the severity of insomnia and emotional symptom.

11.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 519-523, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958162

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of combining hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy with cognition training for persons with vascular cognitive impairment (VCI).Methods:Forty-two persons with VCI were randomly divided into a control group of 19 and a research group of 23. In addition to basic treatment, the control group was given hyperbaric oxygen therapy once a day, 5 days per week for 4 weeks, while the research group received cognition training along with the hyperbaric oxygen therapy. Each person′s cognition was assessed using the Simple Mental Status Scale (MMSE) before and after the four-week treatment. Meanwhile, 3ml of venous blood was collected before eating in the morning to test the plasma levels of Klotho protein and homocysteine using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays.Results:After the treatment the average MMSE score had improved significantly in both group, with the improvement in the research group′s average significantly greater than that in the control group. The average plasma levels of Klotho protein and homocysteine had also improved significantly more in the research group. In the control group, the only significant improvement was in the average homocysteine level.Conclusions:Hyperbaric oxygen therapy can be an effective supplement to cognition training for persons with vascular cognitive impairment.

12.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 510-517, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921367

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aims to investigate the effect of RhoE expression on the migration and invasion of tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC).@*METHODS@#Forty-eight TSCC cases were selected from the Maxillofacial Surgery Center of Qingdao Municipal Hospital from 2017 to 2019. The expression of RhoE in the specimens (TSCC and adjacent tissues) was detected by immunohistochemistry, and RhoE mRNA and protein were extracted to further detect the expression of RhoE. SCC-4 and CAL-27 cells were selected for @*RESULTS@#The expression level of RhoE in TSCC was significantly lower than that in adjacent tissues (@*CONCLUSIONS@#RhoE expression is low in TSCC. Over expression RhoE in TSCC can significantly decrease its migration and invasion abilities. Hence, RhoE may play an important role in regulating the metastasis and invasion of TSCC and provide a new target for gene therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cell Line, Tumor , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Tongue , Tongue Neoplasms , rho GTP-Binding Proteins/genetics , rho-Associated Kinases
13.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 445-451, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912904

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expressions of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) CASC11 and proto-oncogene c-myc in colorectal cancer and their correlation with recurrence and metastasis.Methods:The cancer tissues and paracancerous tissues of 90 colorectal cancer patients in Tangshan Union Medical College Hospital of Hebei Province from February 2016 to July 2018 were collected. Normal colon epithelial cell lines CCD841 and colorectal cancer cell lines SW480, SW620, HCT116, HT29, DLD-1 were cultured in vitro. Separated by the average value of relative expression level of CASC11 or c-myc mRNA in cancer tissues, patients were divided into the high expression and low expression of CASC11 or c-myc. The protein expressions of CASC11 and c-myc mRNA and c-myc were detected by using real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot. Cell lines with the highest protein expressions of CASC11, c-myc mRNA and c-myc were used to do the subsequent experiments. The association of the expression levels of CASC11 and c-myc mRNA with the clinicopathological features was analyzed. Pearson correlation test was used to analyze the relationship between CASC11 and c-myc mRNA of cancer tissues. JASPAR software was used to analyze whether there were binding sites of CASC11 and c-myc gene. The wild-type and mutant-type CASC11 recombinant plasmids were constructed, and the relationship between c-myc and CASC11 was confirmed by using dual luciferase reporter gene assay. Cell lines with the highest expressions of CASC11 and c-myc were transfected with c-myc interference sequence plasmid (Sh-c-myc group) or the negative control sequence plasmid (Sh-NC group), and the conventional cultured blank control group (NC group). The proliferation of cells was detected by using methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) method, the invasion and migration abilities of cells were detected by using Tanswell test, and the protein expressions of CASC11, c-myc mRNA and c-myc in cells of all groups were detected by using qRT-PCR and Western blot.Results:The protein expression levels of CASC11, c-myc mRNA and c-myc protein in cancer tissues were increased compared with those in paracancerous tissues, and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). Compared with CCD841 cells, the protein expression levels of CASC11, c-myc mRNA and c-myc in all colorectal cancer cell lines were increased, and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05); the highest protein expressions of CASC11, c-myc mRNA and c-myc were found in SW480 cell lines which were used to do the subsequent experiments. Pearson correlation analysis showed that there was a positive correlation between CASC11 mRNA and c-myc mRNA in cancer tissues ( r = 0.494, P < 0.05). The high expression rate of CASC11 and c-myc mRNA in cancer tissues for patients with lymph node metastasis was higher than that for those without lymph node metastasis [73.7% (28/38) vs. 26.9% (14/52), 84.2% (32/38) vs. 23.1% (12/52)], the high expression rate of CASC11 and c-myc mRNA in cancer tissues for patients with TNM stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ was higher than that for those with TNM stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ [76.0% (38/50) vs. 10.0% (4/40), 72.0% (36/50) vs. 20.0% (8/40)], and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). JASPAR software showed that the binding sites were detected in CASC11 promoter region and c-myc gene; dual luciferase reporter gene assay results showed that the relative activity of SW480 cells co-transfected with Sh-c-myc and wild-type CASC11 plasmid was lower compared with that of SW480 cells co-transfected with Sh-NC and wild-type CASC11 plasmid ( P < 0.05). Compared with NC group and Sh-NC group, the expression level of CASC11 mRNA, the number of invasive and migratory cells of SW480 cells in Sh-c-myc group were decreased, while cell proliferation inhibition rate was increased, and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). Conclusions:CASC11 and c-myc mRNA are highly expressed in colorectal cancer tissues and cell lines, and binding sites can be detected in CASC11 promoter region and c-myc gene. The expressions of both have a correlation, and the down regulation of c-myc can inhibit the invasion and migration of colorectal cancer cells by inhibiting the expression of CASC11.

14.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 538-541, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912797

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the problems found in the implementation of key clinical specialty programs and come up with feasibility suggestions.Methods:November 2020 to January 2021, by means of quota sampling and snowball sampling, 22 depth interviews were made with principal-investigators, project team elites, leaders of functional departments, and experts of independent examination teams. The interview data were subject to theme analysis.Results:Six(27%) of the interviewees confused the concepts of " key specialty" and " key discipline" ; 9(41%) of them held that at specific stage of the program development, the connotation and implementation emphasis of specialty development and those of key disciplines were overlapped to some extent. Twenty(88%)of them held that functional management process and responsibility should be further refined, 19(86%) said that lack of professional financial knowledge hindered their program implementation, 16(73%) reported difficulties in information statistics, management and sharing, 19(86%)presented disputes in understanding the program examination criteria.Conclusions:In the implementation of key clinical specialty program, management at various levels should work in alignment with program teams, provide accurate definition and guidance to key steps and working mechanisms, refine the management process, provide accurate financial management, and build information platforms for big data collection and sharing.

15.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 623-627, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912016

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of combining aerobic exercise with hyperbaric oxygen therapy on the cognition and oxidative stress of patients with post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI).Methods:Forty-five PSCI patients were divided randomly into a hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO) group (of 21) and a combination group (of 24). Both groups received HBO therapy, but the combination group also performed 30min of aerobic exercise using a cycle ergometer 5 times a week for 8 weeks. The HBO therapy involved 20min for pressurization, 20min of decompression, 60min of pressurized oxygen inhalation and 10min of air inhalation. The treatment pressure was 0.2MPa (2.0ATA). Before and after the intervention, cognitive functioning was measured using the mini-mental state examination (MMSE) and the Montreal cognitive assement (MoCA). The Barthel index quantified ability in the activities of daily living. Serum glutathione (GSH) and malondialdehyde (MDA) were measured spectrophotometrically.Results:The average MMSE scores of both groups had improved significantly after the treatment, with significantly better improvement in the combination group. After the treatment, the average MoCA score of the combination group had improved significantly while that of the HBO group had not. The average Barthel index scores of both groups improved significantly and there was no significant difference between them after the treatment. The average serum GSH increased after the treatment in the combination group, and the increase was weakly positively correlated with the increase in MMSE scores. The average MDA content of the HBO group decreased after the treatment, and the decrease was positively correlated to the increase in the MMSE scores, but again weakly.Conclusions:Aerobic exercise combined with hyperbaric oxygen therapy can effectively improve cognition among PSCI patients. Increases in serum GSH and decreases in serum MDA are weakly positively correlated with cognitive functioning.

16.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 328-335, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878451

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#The effect of isoprenylcysteine carboxymethyltransferase (ICMT) silencing on the migration and invasion of tongue squamous cell carcinoma was investigated by constructing the small interfering RNA (siRNA) of ICMT.@*METHODS@#Through liposomal transfection, siRNA was transfected into human tongue squamous cell carcinoma CAL-27 and SCC-4 cells (ICMT-siRNA group) with a negative control group (transfected with NC-siRNA) and a blank control group (transfected with a transfection reagent but not with siRNA). Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed to analyze the mRNA expression of ICMT and RhoA in each group of cells after transfection and to measure the silencing efficiency. Western blot was applied to examine the expression levels of ICMT, total RhoA, membrane RhoA, ROCK1, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, and MMP-9 proteins in each group. The migration and invasion abilities were evaluated via wound healing and Transwell motility assays.@*RESULTS@#After CAL-27 and SCC-4 cells were transfected with ICMT-siRNA, the expression levels of ICMT genes and proteins decreased significantly in the experimental group compared with those in the negative and blank control groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The migration and invasion abilities of CAL-27 and SCC-4 cells were reduced significantly after the transfection of ICMT-siRNA, and the involved mechanism might be related to the RhoA-ROCK signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Protein Methyltransferases , RNA, Small Interfering , Tongue , Tongue Neoplasms , Transfection , rho-Associated Kinases
17.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 64-73, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878411

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to explore the effects of silencing isoprenylcysteine carboxyl methyltransfe-rase (Icmt) through small interfering RNA (siRNA) interference on the proliferation and apoptosis of tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC).@*METHODS@#Three siRNA were designed and constructed for the Icmt gene sequence and were then transfected into TSCC cells CAL-27 and SCC-4 to silence Icmt expression. The tested cells were divided as follows: RNA interference groups Icmt-siRNA-1, Icmt-siRNA-2, and Icmt-siRNA-3, negative control group, and blank control group. The transfection efficiency of siRNA was detected by the fluorescent group Cy3-labeled siRNA, and the expression of Icmt mRNA was screened by quantitive real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) selected the experimental group for subsequent experiments. The expression of Icmt, RhoA, Cyclin D1, p21, extracellular regulated protein kinases (ERK), and phospho-extracellular regulated protein kinases (p-ERK) were analyzed by Western blot. The proliferation abilities of TSCC cells were determined by cell counting kit-8 assay. The change in apoptosis was detected by AnnexinV-APC/propidium staining (PI) assay. Cell-cycle analysis was conducted by flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#The expression of Icmt mRNA and protein in TSCC cells significantly decreased after Icmt-siRNA transfection (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Silencing Icmt can effectively downregulate its expression in TSCC cells, reduce the RhoA membrane targeting localization and cell proliferation, and induce apoptosis. Thus, Icmt may be a potential gene therapy target for TSCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Protein Methyltransferases , RNA, Small Interfering , Tongue , Tongue Neoplasms
18.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 700-704, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888343

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the change of cervical curvature and range of motion (ROM) on imaging at 6 months after Hybrid surgery.@*METHODS@#A total of 29 patients with cervical degenerative disease who underwent Hybrid surgery from January 2017 to July 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Also, they all met the inclusion criteria and had complete preoperative and 6 months postoperative imaging data. There were 11 males and 18 females, aged from 34 to 76 (55.86±10.69) years, and the operation time was from 2 to 4(3.03±0.51) hours. The Cobb angle method was used to measure the changes of cervical curvature and ROM of C@*RESULTS@#There was no statistically significant difference in C@*CONCLUSION@#Hybrid surgery reconstructs the lordotic curvature of the entire cervical spine and the responsible segment, retains the ROM of the cervical replacement segment, and restores the biomechanical function of cervical spine.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Diskectomy , Range of Motion, Articular , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion
19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 931-936, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880171

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the kinetics of infiltrated T cell in murine acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) target organs after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) and its relationship with tissue pathological damage and aGVHD progress.@*METHODS@#Male C57BL/6 (H-2K@*RESULTS@#Compared with BMT group, the number of infiltrated T cells in aGVHD target organs including liver, lung and gut increased since day 7 in BMT+T group (P<0.05). On day 14, 28, 40 and 47 after transplantation, more infiltrated CD3@*CONCLUSION@#Pathological damage of aGVHD target organs is induced by CD3


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Graft vs Host Disease , Kinetics , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred C57BL , T-Lymphocytes , Transplantation, Homologous
20.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 235-239, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942167

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the therapeutic effect of gene silencing peptidyl arginine deaminase 4 (PAD4) on pulmonary interstitial lesions induced by collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) mice, and possible mechanisms.@*METHODS@#A CIA mouse model was established in DBA/1 mice, followed by a tail vein injection of the virus solution prepared by the PAD4-siRNA expression vector once a week for 8 times. The mice were sacrificed at the end of the experiment. The expression of PAD4 mRNA in lungs was detected by real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR). The expression of PAD4 protein was detected by tissue immunohistochemistry. Cell culture was performed by spleen tissue. Flow cytometry changes in the ratio of Tfh cells to Tfr cells were examined; lung staining was performed in the lungs to observe changes in lung pathology.@*RESULTS@#(1) Compared with the blank group, the expression of PAD4 mRNA in the lung tissue of the model group increased, the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). PAD4 mRNA in the lung tissue of the CIA mice after PAD4-siRNA treatment. The expression level was significantly lower than that of the model group and the negative control group, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). (2) Red fluorescence was less in the lung tissue of the blank group, while more red fluorescence was observed in the inflammatory cell infiltration area and trachea around the lung tissue of the model group and the negative control group, and the red fluorescence of the three groups after PAD4-siRNA treatment was significantly reduced; (3) Compared with the blank group, the proportion of Tfh cells in the model group increased, the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05), the proportion of Tfh cells in spleen cells of the CIA mice after PAD4-siRNA treatment was significantly lower than that of the model group and the negative control group, the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05); compared with the blank group, in the mouse spleen cells in the model group the proportion of Tfr cells was slightly decreased, but the difference was not statistically signifi-cant. The proportion of Tfr cells in the spleen cells of the mice increased after PAD4-siRNA treatment, but the difference was statistically significant only in the PAD4-siRNA2 group compared with the model group and the negative control group (P < 0.05); (4) The proportion of Tfh/Tfr in the spleen cells of the model group was increased, compared with the blank group, the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05); the ratio of Tfh/Tfr in the three groups after PAD4-siRNA treatment all decreased, the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05); (5) Compared with the blank group, the alveolar wall of the lung tissue of the model group was thickened, the inflammatory cell infiltration was increased, and the lung tissue destruction and inflammatory infiltration of the CIA mice were decreased after PAD4-siRNA treatment. The degree of reduction was reduced.@*CONCLUSION@#Gene silencing of PAD4 can reduce the proportion of Tfh cells, increase the proportion of Tfr cells, reverse the proportion of Tfh/Tfr, and reduce the degree of interstitial lesions and inflammatory infiltration of lung tissue.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Arginine , Arthritis, Experimental/therapy , Gene Silencing , Lung , Mice, Inbred DBA
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