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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906366

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the quality evaluation method of Cyperi Rhizoma processed with four excipients. Method:Ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) fingerprints of raw products and processed products with four excipients of Cyperi Rhizoma were established, and the changes of chemical components in the fingerprints before and after processing were compared by chemometric analysis. The mobile phase was consisted of methanol (A)-water (B) for gradient elution (0-10 min, 5%-40%A; 10-30 min, 40%-70%A; 30-40 min, 70%A) at a flow rate of 0.3 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>. The injection volume was 3 μL, the column temperature was 35 ℃, and the detection wavelength was 280 nm. The content changes of main index components in Cyperi Rhizoma before and after processing were compared by UPLC. The mobile phase was methanol-water (75∶25) and the detection wavelength was 242 nm. Result:Processing with four excipients had a significant impact on the overall characteristics of chemical components in the fingerprint of Cyperi Rhizoma. A total of 28 characteristic peaks were identified in fingerprints of the raw and processed products. Among them, peaks 1, 2 and 4 were specific peaks of the processed products, peak 5 was characteristic peak of the raw products. Peak 2 was identified as 5-hydroxymethylfurfural, peak 24 as cyperenone and peak 27 as <italic>α</italic>-cyperone. The 5-hydroxymethylfurfural produced by the processing with four excipients came from rice vinegar, rice wine and Maillard reaction of polysaccharides in Cyperi Rhizoma. The results of determination showed that there was no significant difference in the content of cyperenone after processing, but the content of <italic>α</italic>-cyperone decreased significantly. Conclusion:In the process of Cyperi Rhizoma processed with four excipients, there are new components produced by structural transformation, which are accompanied by changes in the content of index components. In this study, the quality of raw and processed products of Cyperi Rhizoma can be rapidly and effectively evaluated from qualitative and quantitative aspects.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905939

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) fingerprints of Artemisiae Argyi Folium and Artemisiae Argyi Folium processed with four excipients, and quantitatively analyze the 8 phenolic acids and flavonoids contained in them, in order to explore the quality evaluation method of Artemisiae Argyi Folium processed with four excipients. Method:UPLC was used with Shim-pack XR-ODS C<sub>18</sub> column (2.0 mm×75 mm, 2.2 µm), mobile phase of acetonitrile (A) -0.2% formic acid aqueous solution (B) for gradient elution (0-1 min, 10%A; 1-2 min, 10%-15%A; 2-17 min, 15%-18%A; 17-24 min, 18%-28%A; 24-36 min, 28%-38%A; 36-41 min, 38%-60%A; 41-45 min, 60%-100%A), detection wavelength of 330 nm and flow rate of 0.2 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>. The UPLC fingerprints of Artemisiae Argyi Folium before and after processing were established, and analyzed by chemometrics. Contents of 5-caffeoylquinic acid, 3-caffeoylquinic acid, 4-caffeoylquinic acid, 3,4-dicaffeoylquinic acid, 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid, 4,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid, jaceosidin and epuatilin in the decoction pieces were determined. Result:The fingerprints of Artemisiae Argyi Folium before and after processing were established, and the UPLC characteristic chromatograms of Artemisiae Argyi Folium before and after processing had good consistency, and the similarity was >0.94. Compared with Artemisiae Argyi Folium, the contents of 3-caffeoylquinic acid and 3,4-dicaffeoylquinic acid had no significant change after processing, the contents of jaceosidin and epuatilin decreased after processing, while the contents of 5-caffeoylquinic acid, 4-caffeoylquinic acid and 4,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid increased significantly (<italic>P<</italic>0.01), their average increasing rates were 32.50%, 66.83%, 29.39%, respectively. And content of 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid was significantly decreased (<italic>P<</italic>0.01) , and the average reduction rate was 51.25%. Conclusion:The contents of chemical components in Artemisiae Argyi Folium and Artemisiae Argyi Folium processed with four excipients have changed to a certain extent. Among them, 5-caffeoylquinic acid, 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid, 4-caffeoylquinic acid and 4,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid can be used as the key indicators for quality evaluation of Artemisiae Argyi Folium before and after processing.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873256

ABSTRACT

Objective::To study on the content change and transformation rule of eight main characteristic components in stir-frying process of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma. Method::The contents of liquiritin apioside, liquiritin, isoliquiritin apioside, isoliquiritin, liquiritigenin, isoliquiritigenin, glycyrrhizic acid and glycyrrhetinic acid in Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma were determined simultaneously by HPLC. The chromatographic conditions were Waters Symmetry® C18 column (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm), and the mobile phase of acetonitrile (A)-0.05%phosphoric acid solution (B) for gradient elution (0-9 min, 19%-25%A; 9-18 min, 25%-34%A; 18-38 min, 34%-51%A; 38-58 min, 51%-89%A), the flow rate of 1 mL·min-1, the detection wavelengths at 320 nm (0-16 min), 276 nm (16-25 min), 370 nm (25-28 min), 254 nm (28-58 min), the injection volume of 10 μL and the column temperature at 30 ℃. Result::After stir-frying, the total content of three components with dihydroflavone as mother nucleus was decreased, while the total content of three components with chalcone as mother nucleus showed an upward trend, the content change of glycyrrhizic acid was not obvious, but glycyrrhetinic acid content showed a slight upward trend. When the monomer heating temperature reached 130 ℃, dihydroflavones and chalcones could be isomerized with each other, and with the increase of temperature, the isomerization became more obvious. When the heating temperature rose to 180 ℃ (isoliquiritin apioside was 130 ℃), in addition to the isomerization, the glucosidic bond of flavonoid glycosides began to break and gradually transformed into the corresponding secondary glycosides or aglycones. Glucosidic bond of glycyrrhizic acid could also be broken to form glycyrrhetinic acid, which was detected at 150 ℃. Conclusion::The change of chemical composition is complex during stir-frying process of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, in addition to the isomerization and glucosidic bonds breaking observed in this experiment, there may be other complex reactions. The content of one compound in the herb is affected by many factors during its processing, such as the time and temperature of frying, the stability of the compound itself and so on.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771854

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the hematological changes in MRL/lpr lupus mice and detect N-cadherin expression in their bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMMSC).@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood cell count was analyzed. The ratio of each lineage in bone marrow was analyzed by flow cytometry. Bone marrow CFU-pre-B, BFU-E and CFU-GM were detected by colony formation assay. Expression of N-cadherin in BMMSC was analyzed by Western blot before and after treatment with the BMP/Smad pathway aganist BMP-2 and inhibitor Noggin.@*RESULTS@#Hemoglobin, red blood cell count and hematocrit decreased in lupus mice, compared with C57BL/6 mice. The ratio of B220+ lymphocyte and the number of CFU-pre-B in bone marrow of lupus mice decreased. Expression of N-cadherin in BMMSC of lupus mice was higher than that in the control group. Expression of N-cadherin decreased in BMP-2-treated BMMSC and increased after Noggin treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#Hematological changes in lupus mice include anemia and impairment of bone marrow B cell production. The expression of N-cadherin in BMMSC of lupus mice increases which maybe involved in abnormal hemogenesis in MRI/Ipr lupus mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , B-Lymphocytes , Bone Marrow , Bone Marrow Cells , Cadherins , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Inbred MRL lpr
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-851390

ABSTRACT

Sodium ferulate is the sodium salt of ferulic acid, an extract of traditional Chinese herbal medicines for promoting blood circulation and detoxification, and it is rich in sources, with few side effects and high safety. Sodium ferulate has many pharmacological effects, which is a cardiovascular drug researched and developed independently in China. It was first approved in 1990 for the clinical treatment of cardiovascular diseases. In recent years, the clinical application of sodium ferulate has become increasingly widespread, and the research field is continuously expanding. Sodium ferulate is effective in treating respiratory diseases, diabetes and complications, and protecting the liver and kidney from damage. Meanwhile it has been widely used in cardiovascular diseases. Here we reviewed the research status of the prominent pharmacological effects of sodium ferulate on cardiovascular diseases in the past 30 years, mainly focusing on the antithrombotic effects, the protection of blood vessels, and the anti-oxidative effect of sodium ferulate. It is expected to provide guidance for clinical applications of sodium ferulate.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687334

ABSTRACT

With the growth of number of Chinese patent medicines and clinical use, the rational use of Chinese medicine is becoming more and more serious. Due to the complexity of Chinese medicine theory and the uncertainty of clinical application, the prescription review of Chinese patent medicine always relied on experience in their respective, leading to the uncontrolled of clinical rational use. According to the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) theory and characteristics of the unique clinical therapeutics, based on the practice experience and expertise comments, our paper formed the expert consensus on the prescription review of Chinese traditional patent medicine for promoting the rational use of drugs in Beijing. The objective, methods and key points of prescription review of Chinese patent medicine, were included in this expert consensus, in order to regulate the behavior of prescription and promote rational drug use.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698238

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between tumor-associated macrophages(TAMs)and the occurrence and progression of Kazakh esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.Methods We collected 200 cases of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma(ESCC),cancer adjacent normal(CAN)tissues and clinical pathological data of the specimens.CD68 was used as the TAM marker,and immunohistochemistry(IHC)counts were used to detect the distribution of TAMs and quantify the density of TAMs in tumor nest/epithelial and surrounding stroma.At the same time,by combining with clinical pathological data and the patients' prognosis,we analyzed whether the high density of TAMs distribution was associated with the occurrence and development of Kazakh ESCC and the patients' poor prognosis.Results ① The density of TAMs in the tumor nests and stroma was significantly higher than that in CAN tissues(P<0.05).② The density of TAMs in tumor nest had a significant positive correlation with lymph node metastasis and clinical pathological stage(advanced)in Kazakh ESCC(P< 0.05),and this correlation was more evident between the density of TAMs in tumor stroma and lymph node metastasis and clinical pathological stage (advanced)(P<0.001).③ The survival analysis found that the high density of CD 68-positive TAMs in cancer nest showed a positive correlation with poor prognosis of ESCC(P<0.05).Conclusion High density of TAMs can promote the occurrence and development of Kazakh ESCC in Xinjiang and can be used as a poor prognostic factor for ESCC in Kazakh population.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311400

ABSTRACT

China has a double burden of diabetes mellitus and tuberculosis, and many studies have been carried out on the mutual impact of these two diseases. This paper systematically reviewed studies conducted in China covering the mutual impact of epidemics of diabetes and tuberculosis, the impact of diabetes on multi-drug resistant tuberculosis and on the tuberculosis clinical manifestation and treatment outcome, the yields of bi-directional screening, and economic evaluation for tuberculosis screening among diabetes patients.


Subject(s)
China , Epidemiology , Coinfection , Epidemiology , Microbiology , Diabetes Mellitus , Epidemiology , Epidemics , Mass Screening , Economics , Prevalence , Tuberculosis , Epidemiology , Microbiology , Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant , Epidemiology , Microbiology
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311393

ABSTRACT

To describe and analyze the factors affecting the referral of presumptive tuberculosis patients between health-care facilities that are not affiliated with the National TB Control Program (NTP) and NTP-designated medical facilities in China, we carried out a retrospective study based on data collected in the Tuberculosis Information Management System in 2015. Out of 324,221 presumptive pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) cases reported by non-NTP health-care facilities, 302,006 (93.1%) reported cases successfully arrived at designated medical facilities and 22,215 cases (6.9%) were lost to follow-up. The arrival rate of presumptive cases among male patients (92.9%) was slightly lower than that among female ones (93.7%), and this difference is statistically significant. The majority (73.3%) of reported cases were local permanent residents. Migrants have a higher risk of being lost to follow-up compared with local residents (adjusted odds ratios 4.126 and 5.003, respectively). Compared with farmers and herdsmen, pre-school children, unemployed laborers, retirees, and people with other occupations (adjusted odds ratios 2.361, 1.274, 1.068, and 1.993, respectively) had higher rates of loss to follow-up during the referral and tracing processes. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that the high referral rate of presumptive TB cases from non-NTP health-care facilities to designated medical facilities in China is due to implementation of effective active case identification strategies. In addition, migrant populations, pre-school children, unemployed laborers, and retirees were identified as high-risk groups that contribute to the loss to follow-up.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , China , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Tuberculosis , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , Young Adult
10.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1150-1152, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-641204

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the potential causes and management of the clusters of diffuse lamellar keratitis (DLK) after laser corneal refractive surgery.METHODS: The study enrolled 98 eyes (53 patients) complicated with DLK after receiving laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK), FS-LASIK or small-incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) in our center from February 10th,2016 to February 22th,2016.They were given clinical classification treatments according to corneal layer inflammatory extent and then followed up after 1, 3, 5, 7, 10d and 1mo.RESULTS: The clusters of DLK occurred 5 times in the study period.The incidence and degree of DLK significantly decreased after changed the sterilization, surgical equipments, temperature and humidity of the operating room.There were 80 eyes (82%) had stage 1 DLK, 11 eyes (11%) had stage 2, 4 eyes (4%) had stage 3 and 3 eyes (3%) had stage 4.The incidence of DLK after FS-LASIK was 40% (79 eyes in 42 patients), that after LASIK assistant by Hastome keratome was 45% (10 eyes in 5 patients), that after SMILE was 20% (9 eyes in 6 patients).After intensive treatment, as glucocorticoid treatment and flap lifting flushing, all cases recovered within 1mo.CONCLUSION: The outbreak of DLK may be associated with the disposable item, flushing liquor, temperature and humidity of the operating room.Early diagnosis, prevention and treatment are the key of decreasing the incidence of DLK.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287113

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of Qiguiyin Decoction, QGYD) on multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A pseudomonal infection model in SD rats was established by injecting multidrug-resistant P. aeruginosa intraperitoneally. Infected rats were randomized into four groups treated with Pure water, QGYD, ceftazidime, or combined QGYD and ceftazidime. Blood samples were obtained from the abdominal aorta. Serum was then collected and analyzed by peptide array for immune responsiveness to multidrug-resistant beta-lactamase proteins, including Verona integronen-coded metallo-beta-lactamase 1 (VIM-1), Sao Paulo metallo-beta-lactamase 1 (SPM-1), and Temoniera (TEMs). Blood levels of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-4 (IL-4), and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) were assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>QGYD enhanced antibody reactivity against VIM-1 [epitopes 7-11 and 36-40] and TEM-1 [epitopes 26-27, 52-55, and 66-70]. QGYD treatment restored the compromised antibody reactivity against VIM-1 [epitopes 53-54 and 56-58] and SPM-1 [epitopes 16-19 and 82-85] following pseudomonal infection. Serum levels of IL-1β and Th1/Th2 in the rats were significantly elevated following pseudomonal infection (P<0.05 orP<0.01). In contrast, QGYD and combination QGYD and ceftazidime treatment restored the elevated serum IL-1β and Th1/Th2 levels to normal (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>QGYD improves the immune response to pseudomonal infection in rats by stimulating the production of protective antibodies against drug-resistant proteins VIM-1, SPM-1, and TEM-1. In addition, it protects the immune system and maintains immune responsiveness by restoring IL-1β and Th1/Th2 levels.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Bacterial , Blood , Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Interleukin-1beta , Blood , Male , Pseudomonas Infections , Drug Therapy , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Th1 Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Th2 Cells , Allergy and Immunology , beta-Lactamases , Allergy and Immunology
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812245

ABSTRACT

AIM@#To study the chemical constituents of the fruits of Illicium henryi.@*METHOD@#Chromatographic separations on silica gel, Sephadex LH-20 gel and MCI gel were used to isolate the compounds. The structures were elucidated based on extensive spectroscopic data analyses.@*RESULTS@#Seven compounds were obtained and their structures were identified as 10-benzoyl-cycloparvifloralone (1), cycloparvifloralone (2), 2α-hydroxycycloparviforalone (3), henrylactone B (4), merrillianone (5), henrylactone C (6) and 7, 14-ortholactone- 3-hydroxyfloridanolide (7).@*CONCLUSION@#Compound 1 is a new sesquiterpene lactone. The tested compounds showed weak anti-HBV activities on HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) secretion and HBV e antigen (HBeAg) secretion using Hep G2.2.15 cell line.


Subject(s)
Antiviral Agents , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Fruit , Chemistry , Hep G2 Cells , Hepatitis B virus , Humans , Illicium , Chemistry , Molecular Structure , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Sesquiterpenes , Chemistry , Pharmacology
13.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 168-172, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327650

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the tuberculosis clustering areas and the changing trend, from 2008 to 2010, so as to provider the reference for tuberculosis control.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Global spatial autocorrelation and SaTScan methods were used to detect and analyse the spatial clustering of total tuberculosis notification rate and the new smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis notification rate, at the provincial level from 2008 to 2010.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The spatial clustering (SC) phenomenon was significant on total notification rate and new smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis notification rate from 2008 to 2010 (P < 0.01). The coverages of clustering areas on total notification rate showed a reduction from 19 provinces to 14 provinces, distributed in the south, west and north-east areas of China. The coverages of clustering areas on new smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis notification rate concentrated in 14 provinces which covered the south and north-east of China.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The disease burden and the risk of transmission in the clustering areas of tuberculosis both located in the south and the north-east of China. The disease burden of tuberculosis was high in the west of China, but not the areas with high risk of transmission.</p>


Subject(s)
China , Epidemiology , Cluster Analysis , Humans , Statistical Distributions , Tuberculosis , Epidemiology
14.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 980-984, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320958

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To describe the geographical distribution regarding the prevalence rates of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) in 2010, to provide reference for eliminating the regional unbalance of TB prevalence in China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thiessen Polygon Method, dealing with spatial analysis in geographical information system, was used to analyze data from the 5th national TB epidemiological survey.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The prevalence rates of active pulmonary TB(PAPT), Mycobacterium-positive pulmonary TB (PMPT) and smear-positive pulmonary TB (PSPT) were 62-548/100 thousand population (OHTP),0-120/OHTP and 0-68/OHTP, which were all relatively lower in most parts of Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Shandong than in other areas. PAPT (549-1656/OHTP), PMPT (121-366/OHTP) and PSPT (69-181/OHTP) were relatively higher in most parts of Guangxi, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Xizang, Qinghai and Xinjiang than in other areas, in which PAPT, PMPT and PSPT of some areas could be seen as high as 1657-2646/OHTP, 367-625/OHTP and 182-285/OHTP, respectively. PAPT, PMPT and PSPT manifested jigsaw pattern distribution between 320-548/OHTP adn 549-919/OHTP, among 67-120/OHTP, 121-207/OHTP and 208-366/OHTP, and among 38-68/OHTP, 69-115/OHTP and 116-181/OHTP, respectively, in the rest of the provinces or autonomous regions.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The geographical distribution for TB prevalence significantly presented the fact that it was relatively low in the eastern parts and high in the western parts, and a jigsaw transition pattern between the low and high rates, in the central part of the country.</p>


Subject(s)
China , Epidemiology , Geography , Humans , Prevalence , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary , Epidemiology
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318623

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study in vivo mercury absorption and accumulation through repeated transdermal administration of Yuhong ointment containing calomel, in order to provide scientific evidences for clinical safe medication.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>A total of 100 SD rats were randomly classified into five groups: the control group, the Yuhong ointment group, the double-concentration Yuhong Ointment group, the quadruple-concentration Yuhong ointment group and the 1.6% calomel group. The rats were treated with the dosage of 0.04 g . cm-2 by repeated transdermal administration for 2, 4 weeks. After the drug discontinuance for 4 weeks, the levels of mercury in blood, urine, and tissues of heart, liver, brain and kidney were determined, respectively.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Compared with the control group, the blood mercury level of the Yuhong ointment group show no obvious change after treatment for 4 weeks. However, the levels of mercury in blood and urine of other experimental groups increased significantly with time and the increase in dosage, and so did the level of mercury in major organ. At 4 weeks, all experimental groups showed increase in the content of mercury, and kidneys displayed the highest level, whereas brain displayed the lowest level After the drug discontinuance for 4 weeks, the mercury level in blood and urine of every dose group recovered to normal, with significant decline in the content of mercury in each organ.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>After transdermal administration in rats for 4 weeks, there was no obvious absorption of mercury in blood. Mercury was mainly accumulated in kidneys and excreted through urine. The results suggest that the patients' mercury content and kidney function indexes need to be monitored in long-term clinical use of Yuhong ointment.</p>


Subject(s)
Absorption , Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Male , Mercury , Blood , Pharmacokinetics , Urine , Ointments , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Safety , Time Factors
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275862

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the centrosome abnormalities in the malignant transformation of human bronchial epithelial cells (BEAS-2B) induced by coal tar pitch smoke extracts and to investigate the role and action mechanism of centrosome in the lung cancer induced by coal tar pitch.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Medium-temperature coal tar pitch smoke extracts were used to treat immortalized human bronchial epithelial cells (BEAS-2B) and establish a malignant transformation model. The treated BEAS-2B cells were used as exposure group, and solvent control group and normal control group were also set for passage culture. The changes of centrosome in BEAS-2B cells seeded on coverslips were evaluated by indirect immunofluorescence assay. The mRNA expression of p53, p21, and cyclin E in BEAS-2B cells was measured by real-time quantitative RT-PCR, and their protein levels in BEAS-2B cells seeded on coverslips were measured by semiquantitative immunohistochemical analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The overall rate of centrosome abnormalities in BEAS-2B cells at passage 20 was 6.56±1.01% in the exposure group, significantly higher than those in the normal control group (3.40±0.86%) and solvent control group (3.14±0.59%) (P < 0.05). In addition, the exposure group had a significantly higher overall rate of centrosome abnormalities in BEAS-2B cells at passage 30 compared with the normal control group and solvent control group (22.39±9.5% vs 4.34±1.04%, P < 0.05; 22.39±9.5% vs 4.33±1.20%, P < 0.05). Compared with the normal control group and solvent control group, the exposure group had significantly decreased mRNA and protein expression of p53 and significantly increased mRNA and protein expression of cyclin E in BEAS-2B cells at passages 20 and 30 (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Centrosome abnormalities occur before the malignant transformation in BEAS-2B cells treated with coal tar pitch smoke extracts, and they may be mediated by the p53/p21/cyclin E signaling pathway.</p>


Subject(s)
Cell Line , Cell Transformation, Neoplastic , Metabolism , Pathology , Centrosome , Metabolism , Pathology , Coal Tar , Cyclin E , Metabolism , Epithelial Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Humans , Signal Transduction , Smoke , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 , Metabolism
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3662-3667, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236193

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>In county-level tuberculosis (TB) dispensaries in China, the accurate diagnosis of sputum smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis (SNPT) needs to be improved by developing and validating clinical and radiographic predictors.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The study was conducted simultaneously in three counties per province in Chongqing Municipality and Liaoning Province in China between May 2005 and May 2006. A total of 432 new SNPT patients who are HIV-negative and more than 15 years old diagnosed by expert panels in county-level TB dispensaries were recruited. Their sputum samples were collected for culture before anti-TB treatment, and the treatment outcomes (changes of X-rays) were followed up at the end of the 6th month.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the 432 SNPT patients, sputum culture positive (9.7%) or culture negative with good changes of X-rays at the end of the 6th month (73.6%) was validated as SNPT. Four predictive variables were associated with validated SNPT in the multivariate logistic regression model: age ≤55 years old (odds ratio (OR) 5.66; 95% CI 2.69-11.91), >60 days of cough (OR 3.73; 95% CI 1.10-12.65), ≥10% of pulmonary consolidation in the lungs (OR 5.40; 95% CI 2.90-10.06), and pulmonary consolidation in the upper lobe anterior segment (OR 3.00; 95% CI 1.57-5.72). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of the model was 0.77 (95% CI 0.71-0.83).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Four predictors of clinical and radiological characteristics that had a good diagnostic performance of SNPT deserve to be recommended as index indicators of SNPT diagnosis in county-level TB dispensaries in China.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , HIV Seronegativity , Humans , Logistic Models , Male , Middle Aged , Sputum , Microbiology , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary , Diagnosis
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 4066-4071, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236104

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Currently, migration has become one of the risk factors of high burden of tuberculosis in China. This study was to explore the influence of mass migration on the dynamics of Mycobacterium (M.) tuberculosis in Beijing, the capital and an urban area of China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Three hundred and thirty-six M. tuberculosis strains from the Changping district, where the problem of urban migrants was more pronounced than in other Beijing regions, were genotyped by Spoligotyping, large sequence polymorphisms (LSPs 105 and 181), and variable number tandem repeat (VNTR) typing. Based on the genotype data, the phylogeny of the isolates was studied.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In Changping district, the proportion of Beijing lineage M. tuberculosis isolates amounted to 89.0% (299/336), among which 86.6 % (252) belonged to the modern lineage. The frequency of modern Beijing lineage strains is so high (around 75% (252/336)) that associated risk factors affecting the tuberculosis epidemic cannot be determined. The time to the most recent common ancestor (TMRCA) of the Beijing lineage strains was estimated to be 5073 (95% CI: 4000-6200) years. There was no significant difference in the genetic variation of Beijing isolates from urban migrants and local residents.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The clone of modern Beijing lineage M. tuberculosis, which is dominant in the Beijing area, most likely started to expand with the five thousand-year-old Chinese civilization. In the future, with the urbanization in the whole of China, modern Beijing lineage M. tuberculosis may gain the larger geographical spread.</p>


Subject(s)
China , Genetics, Population , Genotype , Humans , Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Classification , Genetics , Phylogeny , Transients and Migrants
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-292469

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To filter the indicators of evaluation on the diagnosis, treatment and management of MDR-TB through Delphi.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Three rounds Delphi was implemented by asking for the 30 experts'score and suggestion of 60 evaluation indicators. The experts were selected from experienced MDR-TB workers. Then the concentration degree (with each indicator's score average and full mark rate to reflect) and coordination degree (with coordination coefficient w to reflect) were analyzed, and the coefficient of variation of each indicator, enthusiasm and authority coefficient Cr etc were calculated. After that, new indicators system was constructed and the experts' were asked for suggestion again. The enthusiasm and coordinate coefficient were used to measure the effect of Delphi.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All of the enthusiasm coefficients of experts in three rounds were 100% (30/30), and 40% (12/30), 53% (16/30) and 10% (3/30) of the experts gave suggestions. The degrees of experts' authority in the first 2 rounds were high and the averages were 0.82 and 0.86, respectively. A total of 34 indicators were left after 6 indicators modified and 26 indicators deleted. The 10 indicators were the core indicators, and the average scores of 34 indicators were all higher than 4.7 and the coefficients of variation were less than 0.1, respectively. The coordination coefficients of specialists' opinion were 0.36, 0.25 and 0.68, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The final evaluation indicator system include 34 indicators, and the result of the filtering indicators on the diagnosis, treatment and management of MDR-TB through Delphi is good.</p>


Subject(s)
Delphi Technique , Expert Systems , Humans , Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant , Diagnosis , Therapeutics
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235513

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To understand the current status and trends of tuberculosis mortality rates in China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In 2010, 161 National Disease Surveillance Points representing all 31 mainland provinces, municipalities, and autonomous regions of China collected tuberculosis mortality surveillance data, including age, sex, region, and type of tuberculosis (all, pulmonary, and extra-pulmonary). The mortality rates of the three types of tuberculosis were compared between 2004 and 2010.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In 2010, the mortality rates due to all tuberculosis, pulmonary tuberculosis, and extra-pulmonary tuberculosis were 4.69 (95% CI 4.54-4.84), 4.38 (4.23-4.52), and 0.31 (0.27-0.35) per 100 000 population, respectively. Mortality rates due to all tuberculosis and pulmonary tuberculosis were higher in males, the elderly, and those living in western and rural areas. From 2004 to 2010, the mortality rates due to all tuberculosis and pulmonary tuberculosis decreased by 36.02% and 37.70%, respectively, with an average annual rate of decline of 7.20% and 7.61%, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Mortality rates due to tuberculosis have declined rapidly in China. The target of reducing the 1990 mortality rate by 50% by 2015 has already been achieved. However, the tuberculosis control program should pay more attention to high-risk groups, including the elderly and those living in underdeveloped areas.</p>


Subject(s)
China , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Male , Tuberculosis , Epidemiology , Mortality
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