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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 23-30, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905923

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the microecological mechanisms of Shenling Baizhusan (SLBZ) and Lizhongtang (LZ) in treating antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD) based on changes in the diversity of intestinal butyrate-producing bacteria. Method:SD rats were randomly divided into an SLBZ group (5.5 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>) and an LZ group (5.5 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>). The gut microbiota disturbance model was induced by intragastric administration of clindamycin hydrochloride (315 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>) and AAD model by <italic>Clostridium difficile</italic>. Subsequently, the rats were treated correspondingly. Fecal samples at different stages were collected and the total DNA was extracted. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification was performed with the primers of butyryl coenzyme A (CoA)-CoA transferase genes. The PCR products were cloned and sequenced to analyze the diversity response of butyrate-producing bacteria. Result:After treatment, both groups showed increased food uptake, formed feces, glossy and smooth fur, and improved activity and sensitivity. With the butyryl CoA-CoA transferase gene as the molecular marker, 297 sequences of butyrate-producing bacteria in the SLBZ group (SPD for short) and 300 sequences of butyrate-producing bacteria in the LZ group (LPD for short) were obtained. In the SLBZ group, 98, 100, and 99 sequences of SPD were obtained at the normal stage, the modeling stage, and the treatment stage, respectively, belonging to 8, 3, and 6 operational taxonomic units (OTUs), with similarity ranges of 78%-97%, 86%-99% , and 81%-97%. The number of OTUs recovered to 75% of the normal level after treatment. In the LZ group, 100 sequences of LPD were obtained at the normal stage, the modeling stage, and the treatment stage, respectively, belonging to 6, 2, and 4 OTUs, with similarity ranges of 83%-97%, 92%-99%, and 85%-99%. The number of OTUs recovered to 80% of the normal level after treatment. Butyrate-producing bacteria were present in all stages of the two groups, dominated by Firmicutes, accounting for more than 98% of the total number. The effects of SLBZ on SPD at the genus level were observed in the significant decrease in <italic>Clostridium</italic> abundance and the significant increase in <italic>Eubacterium</italic> abundance. The effect of LZ on LPD was mainly concentrated on the <italic>Roseburia </italic>at the genus level, and LZ also increased the abundance of <italic>Eubacterium</italic>, <italic>Lacrimi</italic>sp<italic>ora</italic>, and <italic>Clostridium</italic>. According to the phylogenetic tree, the classification of butyrate-producing bacteria increased from five clusters to seven clusters after SLBZ treatment, while that increased from three clusters to nine clusters after LZ treatment. Conclusion:In the treatment of AAD, SLBZ and LZ can regulate the structure and abundance of butyrate-producing bacteria in the intestine, restore their diversity, and improve the instability of the intestinal microecological environment.

2.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1032-1037, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905172

ABSTRACT

Objective:To sort out the current situation of rehabilitation assistive devices rental service in China, and suggest the policy for its development. Methods:Based on the four-dimensional social security policy analysis framework, with the combination of subject retrieval and field research, the market players, supporting systems, rental products, financial security and professionals in some pilot areas of community rental of assistive devices in China were summarized. Results:There were still some problems in the rental service of assistive devices in China, mainly as insufficience of main players of the rental market, supporting policies and systems, payment security system, professionals, and social recognition, etc. Conclusion:It is important to reasonably set up rental products, standardize service enterprises, cultivate market players, increase investment, promote talent training, and strengthen publicity, to promote the development of the rental of assistive devices.

3.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 711-715, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930026

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects and mechanisms of Wnt pathway inhibitor IWR-1-endo on the biological behaviors of human hepatocarcinoma cell Huh7.Methods:Human hepatocellular carcinoma cell Huh7 was cultured in vitro, and Huh7 cells were treated with IWR-1-endo at different concentrations (0, 20, 40, 80, 160, 320 μmol/L). Scratch test was used to detect changes in cell migration ability at diffe-rent drug concentrations, plate cloning was used to detect changes in cell proliferation, Western blotting was used to detect changes in the expression of Wnt pathway related protein β-catenin, and immunofluorescence staining was used to detect the expression of β-catenin in cytoplasm and nucleus. Results:The results of the scratch test showed that the 24 h scratch healing rates of Huh7 cells treated with 0, 20, 40, 80, 160, 320 μmol/L IWR-1-endo were (20.55±0.05)%, (12.10±0.08)%, (9.36±0.10)%, (3.62±0.09)%, (0.62±0.04)% and (0.23±0.02)%, respectively, and there was a statistically significant difference ( F=230.87, P<0.001). Further pair comparison showed that there were statistically significant differences in 24 h scratch healing rates among different concentrations (all P<0.001). The 48 h scratch healing rates were (34.77±0.08)%, (17.69±0.05)%, (11.60±0.04)%, (5.68±0.07)%, (2.66±0.04)% and (1.75±0.02)%, respectively, and there was a statistically significant difference ( F=589.68, P<0.001). Further pair comparison showed that there were statistically significant differences in 48 h scratch healing rates among different concentrations (all P<0.001). After treatment with IWR-1-endo at the concentration of 0, 20, 40, 80, 160, 320 μmol/L, the clone formation rates of Huh7 cells were (61.67±0.21)%, (57.33±0.11)%, (50.00±0.25)%, (36.67±0.28)%, (23.33±0.12)% and (15.00±0.08)%, respectively, and there was a statistically significant difference ( F=403.56, P<0.001). Further pair comparison showed that there were statistically significant differences in clone formation rates among different concentrations (all P<0.001). After treatment with 0, 20, 40, 80, and 160 μmol/L IWR-1-endo for 24 h, the relative expression levels of β-catenin in Huh7 cells were 0.30±0.08, 0.25±0.07, 0.22±0.05, 0.15±0.01 and 0.06±0.02, respectively, and there was a statistically significant difference ( F=247.00, P<0.001). Compared with 0 μmol/L, the relative expression levels of β-catenin treated with 80 and 160 μmol/L had statistical significance ( P=0.014; P=0.008). Compared with 0 mol/L, immunofluorescence showed that the expressions of β-catenin in cytoplasm and nucleus were reduced after 80 μmol/L IWR-1-endo treatment. Conclusion:Wnt pathway inhibitor IWR-1-endo can inhibit the migration and proliferation of hepatocarcinoma cells Huh7 by inhibiting the activity of Wnt pathway. The above inhibitory effects are dose-dependent.

4.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 148-152, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879387

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of bridge-link combined fixation system(BCFS) in treating open middle and lower tibial fractures by external fixation.@*METHODS@#From October 2016 to September 2017, 11 patients with open middle and lower tibial fractures were treated with BCFS by external fixation, including 7 males and 4 females aged from 23 to 65 years old with an average of 44.2 years old;the course of disease ranged from 7 to 10 days. All fractures were open, middle and lower tibiofibular fractures. According to AO classification, 5 patients were type A, 5 patients were type B, and 1 patient was type C. All fractures were classified as typeⅡaccording to Gustilo-Anderson classification. The time of fracture healing, postoperative complications were observed, Johner-Wruhs standard were used to evaluate clinical effect.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 7 to 13 months with an average of 10.1 months. Fracture healing time ranged from 4 to 8 months with an average of 6.2 months. The removal time of BCFS ranged from 5 to 11 months with an average of 7.8 months. No screws loosening and BCFS breakage occurred after operation, while 1 patient occurred infection of proximal and distal tibia after operation which was healed by anti-inflammatory treatment and dressing change. According to Johner-Wruhs standard, 8 patients were excellent and 3 patients good at the latest follow-up.@*CONCLUSION@#BCFS could be used to treat open middle and lower tibial fractures by external fixation, which had features of small size, flexible use, solid and elastic fixation. It could not effectively reduce tissue injury and promote fracture healing, but also have advantages of less postoperative complications and better recovery of limb function.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Bone Plates , External Fixators , Fracture Fixation , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Open , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome
5.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 57-62, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878699

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the intra-and inter-observer reproducibility of iodine concentrations of abdominal parenchymal organs based on spectral CT.Methods The water-free iodine images of the venous phase were retrospectively obtained from 50 patients with abdominal dynamic spectral CT scans.The iodine concentrations were measured in the left,right and caudate lobes of liver,spleen,pancreas and bilateral kidneys.Intraclass correlation coefficient(ICC)and Bland-Altman plot were employed to analyze the intra-and inter-observer reproducibility.Results The intra-observer ICCs of the left,right and caudate lobes of liver,spleen,pancreas,and left and right kidneys were 0.938(0.894,0.965),0.932(0.884,0.961),0.939(0.895,0.965),0.947(0.909,0.970),0.912(0.851,0.949),0.946(0.906,0.969)and 0.907(0.842,0.946),which indicated good intra-observer reproducibility.The inter-observer ICCs of the left,right and caudate lobes of liver,spleen,pancreas,and left and right kidneys were 0.947(0.909,0.970),0.927(0.875,0.958),0.943(0.902,0.968),0.956(0.924,0.975),0.934(0.887,0.962),0.927(0.875,0.958)and 0.892(0.818,0.937),which indicated good inter-observer reproducibility.Bland-Altman plots presented that more than 95% points of the intra-observer differences located within 95% CI of limits of agreement for the caudate lobe of liver,spleen,pancreas and bilateral kidneys,which was same as inter-observer differences of the caudate lobe of liver,spleen and right kidney.Conclusion The iodine concentration measurement based on the spectral CT presented good intra-and inter-observer reproducibility for the caudate lobe of liver and spleen.


Subject(s)
Humans , Iodine , Observer Variation , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1369-1374, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922267

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a leukemia mouse model induced by transplantation of hematopoietic cells from mixed lineage leukemia (MLL)-AF9 transgenic mice so as to provide the basis for the mechanism research and drug screening of acute myeloid leukemia (AML).@*METHODS@#MLL-AF9 knock-in mice were bred and identified. When the mice developed leukemia, white blood cell (WBC) count in peripheral blood, flow cytometry and morphology method were analyzed to identify the disease. When the WBC count in peripheral blood was more than 100×10@*RESULTS@#The natural onset times of leukemia on MLL-AF9 knock-in mice were 22-28 weeks. The spleens of the transgenic mice enlarged and the bone marrow showed the immature forms of myeloid leukemia cells. Both the bone marrow and spleen cells highly expressed myeloid markers, CD11b and Gr-1. At least 0.5×10@*CONCLUSION@#The leukemia model of hematopoietic cell transplantation based on MLL-AF9 transgenic mice is successfully established, which can be used for the study of the pathogenesis and evaluation of therapeutic effect of AML.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Transgenic , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion
7.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 776-780, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878677

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify the optimal mono-energetic enhanced spectral CT for renal cortex in cortical phase based on the iodine concentration. Methods Fifty patients with normal renal function received the abdominal enhanced spectral CT examination.The iodine concentration and CT values of the multiple mono-energetic spectral images were measured on renal cortex in cortical phase,and the correlation between the iodine concentration and the CT values and the coefficient of variation(CV)were analyzed. Results The correlation analysis demonstrated that the correlation coefficient was 0.994,0.994,0.993,0.987,0.976,0.960,and 0.938 between mono-energetic spectral CT images(40-100 keV with interval 10 keV,respectively)and iodine concentration(all


Subject(s)
Humans , Contrast Media , Iodine , Kidney Cortex/diagnostic imaging , Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
8.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 660-664, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941866

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the management of crossing vessels compression in laparoscopic pyeloplasty.@*METHODS@#From January 2016 to June 2018, a total of 21 patients who were admitted to Peking University People's Hospital with ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) associated with crossing vascular compression were reviewed. There were 15 males and 6 females who formed this group, with a mean age of (33.9±15.0) years. There were 4 cases of mild hydronephrosis, 12 cases of moderate hydronephrosis and 5 cases of severe hydronephrosis before operation. All the patients underwent laparoscopic pyeloplasty in our hospital, including 13 on the left and 8 on the right. Laparoscopic pyeloplasty (Anderson-Hynes) were performed in all the patients. Hem-o-lok suspension (14 cases in the suspension group) or translocation of the crossing vessels (7 cases in the translocation group) were used for the intraoperative management of the crossing vessels. Double J tubes were removed 8 weeks postoperatively. The patient demographic data were collected (including operation time, treatment time of crossing vessels, intraoperative blood loss, time of drainage tube removal after operation, and average length of hospital stay), postoperative outcomes were evaluated and the patients were followed up regularly.@*RESULTS@#In all the patients, the crossing vessels were successfully reserved, and none of them were ligated intra-operatively. Mean operative times were (202.2±57.0) min. The duration of intraoperative treatment of crossing vessels was (10.5±3.2) min, (6.1±2.0) min in the suspension group, and (13.7±5.2) min in the translocation group, respectively. Intraoperative blood loss was (47.8±25.6) mL, postoperative drainage time was (4.8±2.6) d, and length of hospital stay was (11.5±3.3) d. Postoperative slight urinary leakage occurred in 1 case. Preoperative pyelectasis of the affected side of all the patients was (3.4±1.7) cm, compared with postoperative pyelectasis of (1.9±1.3) cm. The difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Postoperative follow-up of all the patients was carried out until December 2018. There was no significant difference in kidney size in all the patients before or after the operations, and hydronephrosis was alleviated compared with that before surgery.@*CONCLUSION@#For UPJO patients with crossing vascular compression, according to the location of the crossing vessels, Hem-o-lok suspension or vessel transposition can be adopted to relieve the crossing vascular compression and improve the success rate of the surgery.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Hydronephrosis , Kidney Pelvis , Laparoscopy , Treatment Outcome , Ureteral Obstruction , Urologic Surgical Procedures
9.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 410-413, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818505

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the endemic sitaution of schistosomiasis based on geographic information system (GIS) in Wuhan City in 2017, so as to provide the reference for further schistosomiasis control activities. Methods According to the data of the annual report on the prevention and control of schistosomiasis in Wuhan City in 2017, the spatial database regarding the endemic situation of schistosomiasis was established and analyzed by ArcMap 10.2. Results The 593 schistosomiasis-endemic villages in Wuhan City were mainly located in the Yangtze River and its major tributaries. Kernel density analysis showed that the endemic villages of three regions with the highest density was located in the west of Caidian District (Zhuru Street), the east of Hannan District (Shamao Street) and the southwest corner of Xinzhou District (Yangluo Street). The sero-positive population was densely distributed in the West of Caidian District (Zhuru Street), which accounted for 34.23% of all seruo-positives in the city. There were 492 farming cattle fenced in Donggan Village in Hongbei Street of Caidian District. A higher density of the area with Oncomelania hupensis snails was located in the southwest region of Caidian District (Xiaosi Street), accounting for 31.22% of the total area with snails. In 2017, the re-emerging area with snails was 36.60 hm2. The high kernel density region with snails was located in Zhuru Street of Caidian District. The region with high density of living snails was located in the central region of Hannan District (Hongbei Production Brigade), the average density of living snails was 0.36 snails/0.1 m2. Conclusions The endemic situation of schistosomiasis is at a low level in Wuhan City, and the spatial distribution is not uniform. In some local areas, the historical endemic situation of schistosomiasis is serious and the high risk factors are more concentrated. It is necessary to strengthen the surveillance of schistosomiasis.

10.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 18-23, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772812

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the optic nerve impairment using MRI histogram texture analysis in the patients with optic neuritis.Methods The study included 60 patients with optic neuritis and 20 normal controls. The coronal T2 weighted imaging (T2WI) with fat saturation and enhanced T1 weighted imaging (T1WI) were performed to evaluate the optic nerve. MRI histogram texture features of the involved optic nerve were measured on the corresponding coronal T2WI images. The normal optic nerve (NON) was measured in the posterior 1/3 parts of the optic nerve. Kruskal-Wallis one-way ANOVA was used to compare the difference of texture features and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve were performed to evaluate the diagnostic value of texture features for the optic nerve impairment among the affected optic nerve with enhancement (ONwEN), affected optic nerve without enhancement (ONwoEN), contralateral normal appearing optic nerve (NAON) and NON.Results The histogram texture Energy and Entropy presented significant differences for ONwEN vs. ONwoEN (both P=0.000), ONwEN vs. NON (both P=0.000) and NAON vs. NON (both P<0.05). ROC analysis demonstrated that the area under the curve (AUC) of histogram texture Energy were 0.758, 0.795 and 0.701 for ONwEN vs. ONwoEN, ONwEN vs. NON and NAON vs. NON, AUC of Entropy were 0.758, 0.795 and 0.707 for ONwEN vs. ONwoEN, ONwEN vs. NON and NAON vs. NON.Conclusions The altered MRI histogram texture Energy and Entropy could be considered as a surrogate for MRI enhancement to evaluate the involved optic nerve and normal-appearing optic nerve in optic neuritis.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Humans , Middle Aged , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Optic Nerve , Diagnostic Imaging , Optic Neuritis , Diagnostic Imaging
11.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 410-413, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818957

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the endemic sitaution of schistosomiasis based on geographic information system (GIS) in Wuhan City in 2017, so as to provide the reference for further schistosomiasis control activities. Methods According to the data of the annual report on the prevention and control of schistosomiasis in Wuhan City in 2017, the spatial database regarding the endemic situation of schistosomiasis was established and analyzed by ArcMap 10.2. Results The 593 schistosomiasis-endemic villages in Wuhan City were mainly located in the Yangtze River and its major tributaries. Kernel density analysis showed that the endemic villages of three regions with the highest density was located in the west of Caidian District (Zhuru Street), the east of Hannan District (Shamao Street) and the southwest corner of Xinzhou District (Yangluo Street). The sero-positive population was densely distributed in the West of Caidian District (Zhuru Street), which accounted for 34.23% of all seruo-positives in the city. There were 492 farming cattle fenced in Donggan Village in Hongbei Street of Caidian District. A higher density of the area with Oncomelania hupensis snails was located in the southwest region of Caidian District (Xiaosi Street), accounting for 31.22% of the total area with snails. In 2017, the re-emerging area with snails was 36.60 hm2. The high kernel density region with snails was located in Zhuru Street of Caidian District. The region with high density of living snails was located in the central region of Hannan District (Hongbei Production Brigade), the average density of living snails was 0.36 snails/0.1 m2. Conclusions The endemic situation of schistosomiasis is at a low level in Wuhan City, and the spatial distribution is not uniform. In some local areas, the historical endemic situation of schistosomiasis is serious and the high risk factors are more concentrated. It is necessary to strengthen the surveillance of schistosomiasis.

12.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 1155-1158, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941951

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the safety and efficacy of endoscopic treatment for ureterovesical junction (UVJ) stenosis in patients with kidney transplantation.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was conducted among the patients with kidney transplantation diagnosed as UVJ stenosis from 2012 March to 2018 July in Urology and Lithotripsy Center, Peking University People's Hospital. Only the patients who received endoscopic treatment were included, with staged or same-session nephrostomy followed by a retrograde ureteroscopy to evaluate the ureteral stenosis. Incisions with laser, mono- or bipolar energy, or balloon dilation were used to manage the stenosis depending on different situations. Demographic characteristics and clinical data were gathered and analyzed, including age, gender, preoperative serum creatinine, hemoglobin, operation time, success rate, postoperative serum creatinine, hemoglobin, postoperative complications rate, and long-term stenosis recurrence rate.@*RESULTS@#In this study, 13 patients were included (9 males and 4 females). All the UVJ stenoses were diagnosed with preoperative ultrasound, CT scan, MRI, or urethrography. The mean age was 45 years (range 34-57 years). The mean preoperative serum creatinine was 243 μmol/L. Four patients developed UVJ stenosis 1 month after kidney transplantation, while the rest developed long-term stenosis. Fifteen operations were performed in all, of which 14 cases were successful while one failed. The first 8 cases received first-stage nephrostomy and second-stage endoscopic management of the stenosis, while the last 7 cases received the same session surgery. The mean operation time was 95.4 min vs. 68.9 min, and the immediate success rate was 87.5% vs. 100.0% in the first 8 cases and last 7 cases, respectively. The mean decrease of postoperative hemoglobin was 0.6 g/L and mean postoperative serum creatinine was 105 μmol/L. No postoperative fever, severe hematuria, and urine leak were observed. The mean postoperative hospital stay was 2.8 days. Three patients were able to remove ureteral stents and no recurrence was found with a follow-up time of 9, 17, and 82 months. The long-term stenosis recurrence rate was 76.9% (10/13).@*CONCLUSION@#Endoscopic approach for the treatment of UVJ stenosis in patients with kidney transplantation was safe and efficient in our study cohort. However, long term stenosis recurrence rate was high and needed to be paid attention to.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Ureteral Obstruction/etiology , Ureteroscopy
13.
Journal of Kunming Medical University ; (12): 35-38, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694557

ABSTRACT

Objective to understand the current situation of the social adaptation ability of Kunming Medical University graduates and to explore the possible influence factors, so as to provide some references for the school to formulate effective countermeasures to improve college students'social adaptability.Methods The method of census was adopted in 1 228 graduates of Kunming Medical University with a self-administered questionnaire.Results The social adaptation ability of graduates is poor, accounting for 63.43%, while for students'financial situation, parents educational level, the number of joining college clubs, the quantity of the awards and qualification certificates, awareness of employment policy, the time to focusing on employment, and job prospects were statistically significant with social adaptation ability (P<0.05) .Conclusion The social adaptability of the graduates in our school is poor, and the reasonable countermeasures should be formulated in view of the key factors.

14.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 861-864, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693684

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the different drying technology.on Wudang Lonicerae Flos (Ⅰ) in chlorogenic acid content.Methods Using HPLC method to research the difference in the contents of chlorogenic acid of Wudang Lonicerae Flos (Ⅰ) employing oven-drying method,air-dried method and steamed drying technologies.DIONEX C18 (4.6 mm×250 mm,5 μm) was used.The mobile phases consisted of acetonitrile-0.4% phosphoric acid aqueous solution (17 ∶ 83).The detection wavelengths of chlorogenic acid was 327nm.The flow rate was 0.4 ml/min.The column temperature was 30 ℃.Results The Separation of Chlorogenic acid content was satisfactory.The concentration and peak area showed a good linearity relationship with the range of 0.285-2.850 μg.Precision,repeatability and stability met the requirements.The average recovery was 100.26% with RSD 1.95%.Chlorogenic acid content in the steamed drying Wudang Honeysuckle (Ⅰ) was higher.Conclusions The method of steam drying is better than that of oven-drying method and drying.

15.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 258-261, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693590

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a rapid and sensitive liquid chromatograph-mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method for the determination of thiabendazole in honeysuckle flowers. Methods The acetic ether was selected as extraction solvent. The mass spectrometer analysis was conducted in the positive ionization electrospray mode using SIM. The transitions m/z 202→175 was used to quantify thiabendazole. Results The satisfactory linearity was obtained in the range of 0.1×10-5-2×10-5mg for thiabendazole (r=0.999 5), and the limit of detection (LOD) of 10.0 ng/ml and the mean recovery of 93.70% were obtained by this LC-MS/MS method. Conclusions The method of LC-MS/MS is sensitive, simple and accurate, and it proved to be suitable for the determination of thiabendazole in Honeysuckle flowers.

16.
Journal of International Pharmaceutical Research ; (6): 51-56, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693372

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of fluacrypyrim on the induction of apoptosis in human acute myeloid leuke-mia(AML)cell lines,NB4,THP-1 and HL-60,and explore the related mechanisms.Methods Trypan blue dye exclusion assay was used to estimate the growth of NB4,THP-1,and HL-60 cells after treatment with various concentrations of fluacrypyrim(1.25, 2.5,5 and 7.5 μmol/L)for 72 h.Cell apoptosis was evaluated by AnnexinⅤ-FITC/PI double stainning for the NB4 and THP-1 cells treated with fluacrypyrim(1.25,2.5 and 5 μmol/L)for 48 h as well as the HL-60 cells treated with fluacrypyrim(2.5,5 and 7.5 μmol/L) for 72 h.Western blotting was used to examine the protein expression of apoptotic regulators Bax,Mcl-1 and Caspase 3 in the NB4 cells treated with fluacrypyrim(1.25,2.5 and 5 μmol/L)for 24 h.Then,NB4 Cells were pretreated with Caspases inhibitor benzyloxy-carbonyl-Val-Ala-Asp-fluoromethylketone(Z-VAD-FMK)and exposed to fluacrypyrim at 2.5 μmol/L for 24 h,which was then evaluat-ed for the apoptosis using AnnexinⅤ-FITC/PI double stainning.Western blotting was used to examine the expression of the phosphory-lated and total proteins of mitogen-activated protein kinase(MAPK)signaling molecules,ERK,JNK and P38,in the NB4 cells treat-ed with fluacrypyrim(1.25,2.5 and 5 μmol/L)for 24 h. NB4 Cells were pretreated with ERK inhibitor U0126,JNK inhibitor SP600125,or P38 inhibitor SB203580 for 1 h and then exposed to fluacrypyrim at 2.5 μmol/L for 24 h,which was then analyzed for the apoptosis by the AnnexinⅤ-FITC/PI double stainning.Results The proliferation of NB4,THP-1 and HL-60 cells was inhibited by the treatment with fluacrypyrim(2.5,5 and 7.5 μmol/L)for 72 h.The apoptosis induced in the NB4 and THP-1 cells by the fluacry-pyrim treatment at 5 μmol/L for 48 h and in the HL-60 cells by the fluacrypyrim treatment at 7.5 μmol/L for 72 h were significant as compared with the control group(P<0.01).Mechanically,fluacrypyrim at the concentrations of 2.5 and 5 μmol/L effectively up-regu-lated the expression of Bax(P<0.01 and P<0.05)for the 2.5 and 5 μmol/L,respectively,down-regulated the expression of Mcl-1 (P<0.01)and activated Caspase 3(P<0.01)in the NB4 cells when compared with the control group(P<0.01).The pretreatment of the NB4 cells with Z-VAD-FMK blocked the apoptosis induced by fluacrypyrim.Furthermore,the fluacrypyrim(2.5 and 5 μmol/L) treatment increased the ERK,JNK and P38 phosphorylation(P<0.01),while the pretreatment of the NB4 cells with U0126 signifi-cantly inhibited the the fluacrypyrim-induced apoptosis(P<0.01),as compared with the control group.Conclusion Fluacrypyrim effectively inhibits the cell proliferation and induces caspase-dependent cell apoptosis in AML cells.Activation of ERK/MAPK signal-ing pathway might play an important role in the action of fluacrypyrim.

17.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 58-75, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772722

ABSTRACT

With the increasing number of immunocompromised hosts, the epidemiological characteristics of fungal infections have undergone enormous changes worldwide, including in China. In this paper, we reviewed the existing data on mycosis across China to summarize available epidemiological profiles. We found that the general incidence of superficial fungal infections in China has been stable, but the incidence of tinea capitis has decreased and the transmission route has changed. By contrast, the overall incidence of invasive fungal infections has continued to rise. The occurrence of candidemia caused by Candida species other than C. albicans and including some uncommon Candida species has increased recently in China. Infections caused by Aspergillus have also propagated in recent years, particularly with the emergence of azole-resistant Aspergillus fumigatus. An increasing trend of cryptococcosis has been noted in China, with Cryptococcus neoformans var. grubii ST 5 genotype isolates as the predominant pathogen. Retrospective studies have suggested that the epidemiological characteristics of Pneumocystis pneumonia in China may be similar to those in other developing countries. Endemic fungal infections, such as sporotrichosis in Northeastern China, must arouse research, diagnostic, and treatment vigilance. Currently, the epidemiological data on mycosis in China are variable and fragmentary. Thus, a nationwide epidemiological research on fungal infections in China is an important need for improving the country's health.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , China , Epidemiology , Fungi , Genetics , Virulence , Genotype , Incidence , Mycoses , Epidemiology
18.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1551-1554, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513464

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To investigate the effects of gemcitabine combined with radiotherapy and chemotherapy on angiogen-esis and cell invasion ability of cervical cancer. METHODS:Totally 37 patients undergoing radical operation selected from Chongq-ing Kaizhou District People's Hospital during Jan. 2015-Jun. 2016 were divided into observation group(n=19)and control group (n=18). Control group was given 3-D conformal radiation and chemotherapy which included Cisplatin injection 70 mg/m2,ivgtt+Fluorouracil injection 600 mg/m2,ivgtt on 1st and 21st day after radiotherapy. Observation group was additionally given Gemcitabi-ne hydrochloride for injection 800 mg/m2,ivgtt,1st and 8th day after radiotherapy. A treatment course lasted for 28 d. The radical hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy were conducted after 2 courses of treatment. Clinical efficacy,microvessel density (MVD) of tumor,vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF),Wnt1,Wnt3a,Wnt8 and β-catenin level were observed in 2 groups. The relationship of MVD with VEGF was analyzed,and the occurrence of ADR was recorded. RESULTS:The total re-sponse rate of observation group(84.2%)was significantly higher than control group,with statistical significance(P<0.05). The levels of MVD,VEGF,Wnt1,Wnt3a,Wnt8 and β-catenin in 2 groups were significantly higher than healthy tissue;above index-es of focus tissue in observation group were significantly lower than control group,with statistical significance (P<0.05). MVD was positively correlated with VEGF. There was no statistical significance in the incidence of ADR between 2 groups (31.6% vs. 27.8%,P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS:Gemcitabine combined with radiotherapy and chemotherapy can regulate the angiogenesis of cervical cancer cell and the activity of Wnt/β-catenin signal pathway,and reduce the invasion ability of cervical cancer cell,which may be the important mechanism of anti-tumor effect with good safety.

19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1544-1549, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301690

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the therapeutic effect of rhSCF early administration on rhesus monkeys with severe acute radiation sickness(ARS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twelve adult monkeys totally exposed to 7.0 GyCo were divided into radiation control and SCF groups, and monkeys in SCF group were subcutaneously injected recombinant human SCF(rhSCF) 200 µg/kg at half an hour and 24 hour after irradiation, while the radiation control monkeys were injected physiological saline. Survival was monitored and hematopoiesis was evaluated at 40 days following early treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>6 animals treated with rhSCF all survived, while 2 in irradiated controls survived on 40 day after radiation. rhSCF treatment promoted hematopoiesis recovery significantly, increased the nadir of white blood cells, neutrophils and platelets, and simplified supportive care in ARS rhesus monkeys.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>RhSCF injection soon after TBI taken shows an significant therapeutic efficiency on rhesus monkeys with severe acute radiation sickness.</p>

20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3809-3814, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335780

ABSTRACT

Gastrointestinal failure is a kind of severe systemic inflammatory response, and often complicated with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. Integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine have a better curative effect in treating it. This study collected the famous veteran TCM physician Yu Guoyou's 175 prescriptions for treating 89 cases of gastrointestinal failure, calculated the frequency of traditional Chinese medicines and their categories, and analyzed the medication regularity with system clustering method, so as to summarize Yu's frequently used drugs and prescriptions. The results showed the top three most frequently used drugs aremagnolia bark, bitter orange, and rhubarb, which are components of Xiaochengqi decoction; Among the traditional Chinese medicines, medicines of tonifying deficiency, regulating qi, clearing heat, eliminating phlegm and dissipating dampness are most commonly used. Among the tonic medicines, those for tonifying Qi accounted for 2/3, which was the largest proportion; At the same time, some new prescriptions and new drug combinations were excavated and could be used as the reference for clinical medication. According to the findings, when differentiating syndromes of gastrointestinal failure, Yu regards the spleen and stomach Qi deficiency as the root cause and the heat toxin, blood stasis, Qi stagnation and dampness as the symptoms. In the treatment of gastrointestinal function failure, Yu gives priority to strengthening spleen, regulating Qi and purgation, prescribes medicines for dissolving blood stasis and detoxication, dissipating dampness, clearing heat and eliminating phlegm according to syndrome types. In other words, the treatment is based on syndrome differentiation, and the prescription is modified according to symptoms. In particular, Yu attaches importance to stomach-Qi recuperation and gastrointestinal function recovery in the process of treatment.

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