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1.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 476-479, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924313

ABSTRACT

Objective The number of confirmed and suspected cases of the COVID-19 in Hubei province is still increasing. However, the estimations of the basic reproduction number of COVID-19 varied greatly across studies. The objectives of this study are 1) to estimate the basic reproduction number ( R 0 ) of COVID-19 reflecting the infectiousness of the virus and 2) to assess the effectiveness of a range of controlling intervention. Method The reported number of daily confirmed cases from January 17 to February 8, 2020 in Hubei province were collected and used for model fit. Four methods, the exponential growth (EG), maximum likelihood estimation (ML), sequential Bayesian method (SB) and time dependent reproduction numbers (TD), were applied to estimate the R 0 . Result Among the four methods, the EG method fitted the data best. The estimated R 0 was 3.49 (95% CI : 3.42-3.58) by using EG method. The R 0 was estimated to be 2.95 (95% CI : 2.86-3.03) after taking control measures. Conclusion In the early stage of the epidemic, it is appropriate to estimate R 0 using the EG method. Meanwhile, timely and effective control measures were warranted to further reduce the spread of COVID-19.

2.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 476-479, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811647

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The number of confirmed and suspected cases of the COVID-19 in Hubei province is still increasing. However, the estimations of the basic reproduction number of COVID-19 varied greatly across studies. The objectives of this study are 1) to estimate the basic reproduction number (R0) of COVID-19 reflecting the infectiousness of the virus and 2) to assess the effectiveness of a range of controlling intervention.@*Method@#The reported number of daily confirmed cases from January 17 to February 8, 2020 in Hubei province were collected and used for model fit. Four methods, the exponential growth (EG), maximum likelihood estimation (ML), sequential Bayesian method (SB) and time dependent reproduction numbers (TD), were applied to estimate the R0.@*Result@#Among the four methods, the EG method fitted the data best. The estimated R0 was 3.49 (95% CI: 3.42-3.58) by using EG method. The R0 was estimated to be 2.95 (95%CI: 2.86-3.03) after taking control measures.@*Conclusion@#In the early stage of the epidemic, it is appropriate to estimate R0 using the EG method. Meanwhile, timely and effective control measures were warranted to further reduce the spread of COVID-19.

3.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1227-1233, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796763

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the effect of the "Interner Plus-based AIDS Comprehensive Prevention Service System" among MSM in Guangzhou, during 2010-2017, using a dynamic compartmental model.@*Methods@#A dynamic compartmental model was developed to describe the HIV situation among MSM in Guangzhou. This model was parameterized on data from published literature or surveillance programs from the Guangzhou CDC. The Matlab 7.0 software was used for coding and analysis on collected data. HIV prevalence was analyzed among MSM under the status quo data and estimated the impact by the "Internet Plus" AIDS prevention services project.@*Results@#HIV prevalence would have increased to 22.75% in 2017, and the total number of new HIV infections would have been 11 038, from 2010 to 2017, using the data status quo. Under the Guangzhou "Internet Plus" AIDS prevention services project, the prevalence of HIV among MSM from 2010 to 2017 was estimated to be 8.44%, 9.68%, 10.65%, 11.34%, 11.73%, 11.83%, 11.71% and 11.43% in Guangzhou, which were similar to the surveillance data. The total number of new infections in the past 8 years under the "Internet Plus" scenario was estimated to be 4 009. The "Internet Plus" program would have prevented 7 029 (63.68%) new infections during 2010-2017 as compared to the number, status quo.@*Conclusions@#The fitting result of dynamic compartmental model seemed more reasonable, which was applicable to predict HIV epidemic among MSM in Guangzhou, suggesting that the increase of HIV prevalence had been curbed since the "Internet Plus" project which was launched in 2010, and the "Interner Plus-based AIDS Comprehensive Prevention Service System" had achieved the purpose as planned, epidemiologically.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697635

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigated the relationship between plasma sclerostin(SOST)and knee osteoar-thritis(KOA). Methods A total of 95 patients with KOA and 95 healthy people were involved.Plasma sclerostin, CTX-II, AGG1 and AGG2 levels were measured by ELISA. The 95 patients were divided based on Kellgren-Law-rence classification. The correlation between plasma SOST level and KL classification, CTX-II, AGG1 and AGG2 were analyzed.Results Plasma SOST level in KOA was significantly lower than that in control group(P<0.001). SOST level was negatively correlated with KL grade (r =-0.828,P < 0.001),also with CTX-II (r =-0.917,P <0.001),AGG1 (r =-0.658,P < 0.001) and AGG2 (r =-0.583,P < 0.001). Conclusions SOST level in KOA patients is related to the degree of cartilage degeneration. Thus, it helps to monitor the progress and evaluate the severity of the KOA.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713580

ABSTRACT

Acute lung injury (ALI)/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a common clinical syndrome of diffuse lung inflammation with high mortality rates and limited therapeutic methods. Diosmetin, an active component from Chinese herbs, has long been noticed because of its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of diosmetin on LPS-induced ALI model and unveil the possible mechanisms. Our results revealed that pretreatment with diosmetin effectively alleviated lung histopathological changes, which were further evaluated by lung injury scores. Diosmetin also decreased lung wet/dry ratios, as well as total protein levels, inflammatory cell infiltration and proinflammatory cytokine (eg. TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6) overproduction in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). Additionally, increased MPO, MDA and ROS levels induced by LPS were also markly suppressed by diosmetin. Furthermore, diosmetin significantly increased the expression of Nrf2 along with its target gene HO-1 and blocked the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome in the lung tissues, which might be central to the protective effects of diosmetin. Further supporting these results, in vitro experiments also showed that diosmetin activated Nrf2 and HO-1, as well as inhibited the NLRP3 inflammasome in both RAW264.7 and A549 cells. The present study highlights the protective effects of diosmetin on LPS-induced ALI via activation of Nrf2 and inhibition of NLRP3 inflammasome, bringing up the hope of its application as a therapeutic drug towards LPS-induced ALI.


Subject(s)
Acute Lung Injury , Asians , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Hope , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Inflammasomes , Lung , Lung Injury , Mortality , Pneumonia
6.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1507-1514, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738177

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a dynamic compartmental model to predict the impact of HIV testing and treatment and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) on the annual incidence of HIV infection in men who have sex with men (MSM) in China from 2018 to 2037.Methods A dynamic compartmental model was developed to describe the HIV epidemic in MSM in China.The model was parameterized using data from the literature available.We used MATLAB 7.0 software for data simulation and graphics rendering.We analyzed HIV transmission among MSM and estimated the impact of expanded HIV testing and treatment and PrEP on HIV elimination in MSM.Results Under the current policy,the number of new HIV infections would reach 770 000,the infection rate would reach 11.1% and the incidence rate would reach 0.72/100 person years in MSM in the next 20 years.Under the 90%-90%-90% goal,440 000 new infections (57.7%) would be reduced,the HIV infection rate would decline to 5.7% and the incidence rate would decline to 0.24/100 person years in the next 20 years,but it is still unlikely to achieve the goal of HIV elimination.With 100% PrEP compliance,the required PrEP coverage rates for achieving HIV elimination in the next 10,15 and 20 years would be 65%,32% and 19%,respectively.Conclusion It is necessary to strengthen the comprehensive intervention in MSM,continue to expand HIV testing and treatment,and improve PrEP adherence and coverage to further control and eliminate the epidemic of HIV/AIDS in MSM.

7.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1507-1514, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736709

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a dynamic compartmental model to predict the impact of HIV testing and treatment and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) on the annual incidence of HIV infection in men who have sex with men (MSM) in China from 2018 to 2037.Methods A dynamic compartmental model was developed to describe the HIV epidemic in MSM in China.The model was parameterized using data from the literature available.We used MATLAB 7.0 software for data simulation and graphics rendering.We analyzed HIV transmission among MSM and estimated the impact of expanded HIV testing and treatment and PrEP on HIV elimination in MSM.Results Under the current policy,the number of new HIV infections would reach 770 000,the infection rate would reach 11.1% and the incidence rate would reach 0.72/100 person years in MSM in the next 20 years.Under the 90%-90%-90% goal,440 000 new infections (57.7%) would be reduced,the HIV infection rate would decline to 5.7% and the incidence rate would decline to 0.24/100 person years in the next 20 years,but it is still unlikely to achieve the goal of HIV elimination.With 100% PrEP compliance,the required PrEP coverage rates for achieving HIV elimination in the next 10,15 and 20 years would be 65%,32% and 19%,respectively.Conclusion It is necessary to strengthen the comprehensive intervention in MSM,continue to expand HIV testing and treatment,and improve PrEP adherence and coverage to further control and eliminate the epidemic of HIV/AIDS in MSM.

8.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 42-46, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469491

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical significance of anti-nuclear envelope protein antibody (gp210),anti-soluble acid resistant nucleoprotein (sp100) and anti-mitochondrial antibody M2 subtype (AMA-M2) in sjogren syndrome (SS) and primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC).Methods A total of 241 hospitalized patients diagnosed with connective tissue disease (CTD) were recruited.Anti-gp210,anti-sp100 and AMA-M2 were detected by indirect immunofluorescence.Results (1) Positive rate of AMA-M2,anti-sp100 and antigp210 in 241 cases CTD patient were 10.4% (25/241),3.3% (8/241) and 2.9% (7/241) respectively.(2) There were 16 cases with SS,5 cases with SS-PBC overlap syndrome and 17 cases with PBC in 241 patients with CTD.Distinction among groups of PBC,SS,SS overlapping PBC of positive incidence of AMA-M2 antibody (x2 =6.584,P =0.03) and anti-gp210 (x2 =8.735,P < 0.01) were significantly different,while there was no apparent difference about positive rate of anti-sp100 among the three groups (x2 =3.343,P =0.18).(3) Positive expression of either antibody of anti-gp210 or anti-sp100 in the three groups of SS,SS overlapping PBC,PBC were 3 cases,4 cases,4 cases respectively.The positive rates of any of three autoantibodies in three groups of were 8 cases,5 cases,13 cases respectively.(4) There were significant difference in terms of serum ALB(t =3.858,P<0.000 1),TSB(t =5.473,P<0.000 1),ALT(t =2.235,P=0.026),AKP(t =3.141,P =0.002) and γ-GT (t =2.317,P =0.021) in liver damaged patients of all CTD between AMA-M2 positive and negative patients (P < 0.05).However,serum TSB in anti-sp100 positive and negative patients were differed (t =7.892,P < 0.000 1).Serum AKP was different between anti-gp210 positive and negative patients (t =2.451,P =0.015).Conclusion Positive rate of anti-gp210,anti-sp100 and AMA-M2 are the highest in patients with SS overlap of the PBC among CTD patients.Combined detection can improve the sensitivity of diagnosis.Antisp100 and anti-gp210 are valuable for the diagnosis of SS-PBC overlaps syndrome with negative AMA-M2.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-468978

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of serum receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL)/osteoprotegrin (OPG) ratio in osteoporotic fracture (OPF) of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).Methods Three hundred and eighty four RA patients with mean age of (49 ± 14) y (16-82) admitted in the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University from 2010 to 2013 and 158 sex-and age-matched healthy subjects were enrolled in the study.OPF was diagnosed by X-ray examination and BMDs of femur and lumbar spine 2-4 (L2-4) were measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry.Levels of RANKL and OPG in the peripheral blood of 220 RA patients and 100 normal subjects were detected by ELISA method.Results Eighty-two cases of OPF was diagnosed in 384 RA patients (21.35%),the rate was higher than that in controls (3.80%,6/158,x2 =25.371,P <0.01).The peripheral blood levels of RANKL (0.150 ± 0.143 vs.0.101 ± 0.066,t =4.178,P < 0.01),OPG (0.457 ± 0.293 vs.0.359 ±0.216,t=3.347,P=0.001) and ratio of RANKL/OPG (0.41 ±0.35 vs.0.34±0.20,t =2.111,P=0.036) in RA patients were significantly higher than those in control group.In comparison with normal controls,BMDs of all detected regions in RA were decreased significantly (P <0.01).The incidence of osteoporosis in RA (121/327,37%) was higher than that in normal controls (22/158,13.92%) (x2 =27.291,P < 0.01).RA patients with OPF had higher age (t =4.377,P < 0.01),longer duration of disease (t =2.612,P =0.009),higher RANKL level (t =3.554,P =0.001),higher RANKL/OPG ratio (t =2.651,P =0.010),higher health assessment questionnaires (HAQ) score (t =2.418,P =0.016),lower serum calcium level (t =2.183,P =0.030),lower hemoglobin level (t =2.125,P =0.036),higher Sharp score in hands X-ray examination (t =2.747,P =0.007),worse X-ray stage (x2 =7.856,P =0.049),higher glucocorticoid utilization rate (x2 =9.066,P =0.003) and higher incidence of osteoporosis (x2 =38.186,P < 0.01),compared with patients without OPF.RA patients taking corticosteroids had higher incidence of osteoporosis (x2 =7.489,P =0.006) and higher incidence of OPF (x2 =9.066,P =0.003).Logistic regression analysis showed that age (OR =1.029,P =0.039,95% CI:1.001-1.057)and the occurrence of osteoporosis (OR =3.159,P =0.001,95% CI:1.562-6.385),RANKL/OPG ratio (OR =3.516,P =0.013,95 % CI:1.305-9.647) were risk factors for RA patients with OPF.Conclusion A higher incidence of OPF is prevalent in RA patients,and age,osteoporosis,taking glucocorticoids and RANKL/OPG ratio are risk factors for OPF in RA patients.

10.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 740-744, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-482838

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of vitamin D deficiency and falls on osteoporotic fracture (OPF) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).Methods A total of 852 patients with RA were recruited, anteroposterior and lateral X-rays examination of vertebral column were conducted for every patient.Serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D] levels and bone mineral density (BMD) of all the vertebrae of lumbar were exam-ined.Clinical and laboratory index of patients were recorded in details meanwhile.Data of 156 normal subjects during the same period were collected as the control group.Numerical data and categorical data comparisons were analyzed using t test, x2 test, single factor analysis of variance test, linear correlation and Logistic regression analysis test.Results ① The prevalence of vertebral OPF in RA was 16.1%(137/852).Compared to RA without OPF, patients with OPF had lower serum 25(OH)D levels [(14±4) ng/ml vs (18±7) ng/ml, t=2.898, P=0.004].② The occurrence rate of falls in RA patients was 19.7%(36/183).Patients with falls had lower serum 25(OH)D levels [(14±4) ng/ml vs (18±6) ng/ml, t=2.854, P=0.005].③ The prevalence of falls in RA with vertebral OPF was higher than that in RA without OPF (38.1% vs 14.2%,x2=11.708, P=0.001).④ Linear correlation analysis found that serum levels of 25 (OH)D was positively correlated with total lumbar region BMD in RA patients.⑤ Logistic regression analysis revealed that age [OR=1.124, P=0.002, 95%CI: (1.045, 1.209)]and usage of glucocorticostroid (GC) [OR=6.724, P=0.031,95%CI: (1.196, 37.813)] were the risk factors for occurrence of OPF in RA, while serum 25 (OH) D level [OR=0.850, P=0.046, 95%CI: (0.725, 0.997)] was the protective factor.Conclusion Spinal OPF in patients with RA is clearly related with vitamin deficiency, falls and usage of GC.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481753

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Ability of adipose mesenchymal stem cels differentiating into type II alveolar epithelial cels and the regulating mechanism have not been fuly elucidated. OBJECTIVE:To study the ability of adipose mesenchymal stem cels differentiating into type II alveolar epithelial cels in vitro and the function of Wnt pathway in the regulation of differentiation. METHODS:Adipose mesenchymal stem cels were obtained from fat tissue of rats and identified by flow cytometry. The adipose mesenchymal stem cels were divided into control group, smal airway growth medium (SAGM) group and Wnt3a group. Control group was treated with normal DMEM medium; SAGM and Wnt3a groups were both treated with smal airway growth medium, and additionaly, the Wnt3a group was treated with Wnt3a, a Wnt signaling pathway agonist. After 10 days, quantitative RT-PCR and immunofluorescence detection were used to test the expression of surfactant proteins B, C, D, type II alveolar epithelial markers. Phosphorylatedβ-catenin and GSK-3β were detected using western blot after 5 and 10 days of induction. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Adipose mesenchymal stem cels with high purity could be successfuly isolated from the adipose tissue of rats, and expressed CD44 and CD29, but not CD11b and CD45. After SAGM treatment, protein and mRNA expressions of surfactant proteins B, C, D were al increased in adipose mesenchymal stem cels (P < 0.01), indicating the ability of adipose mesenchymal stem cels to be induced into type II epithelial cels. Surfactant proteins B, C, D expressions at protein and mRNA levels were significantly higher in the Wnt3a group than the SAGM group (P < 0.01). During the induction progress, the expression of phosphorylated β-catenin gradualy increased, but GSK-3βexpression gradualy decreased in the Wnt3a group (P < 0.01). These findings indicate that Wnt signaling pathways are involved in differentiation of adipose mesenchymal stem cels into type II alveolar epithelial cels.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-468608

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the prevalence of osteoporosis (OP) and vertebral osteoporotic fracture (OPF) and related risk factors in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).Method A total of 644 patients with RA from Jan.2010 to Oct.2013 were recruited,anteroposterior and lateral X-rays examination of vertebral column (T5-L5) were conducted,and semi-quantity method were used as the standard for judging vertebral OPF.Meanwhile,patients' clinical and laboratory data including daily dosage of glucocorticoid,duration of glucocorticoid usage,cumulative amount dosage of glucocorticoid were recorded in details.158 normal subjects were selected as control group.Results (1)The prevalence of vertebral OPF in patients with RA was 16.6%.Bone mineral density (BMD) of all measured lumbar vertebra in RA group were markedly decreased[(0.97 ±0.22) g/cm2].The total prevalence of OP at lumbar vertebra in RA was 17.9% (81/452),which was significantly higher than that of control group (4.4%,7/158) (P < 0.001).(2) The percentage of OP in RA patients with vertebral OPF was significantly higher than that in patientswithout OPF [40.6% (41/101) vs 11.4% (40/351) ;P < O.001].Patients with OPF were of older age,longer use of glucocorticoid,more cumulative amount dosage of glucocorticoid,longer disease duration,higher scores of health assessment questionnaires (HAQ) and increased ESR (P < 0.05).(3) Logistic regression analysis revealed that age (OR =1.094,95% CI 1.065-1.125,P <0.001) and gender(1 =male,2 =female) (OR=5.600,95% CI 2.097-15.087,P =0.001) were the risk factors for the development of OP in RA,while body mass index (BMI) was the protective factor (OR =0.770,95% CI 0.696-0.853,P < 0.001).Age (OR =1.031,95% CI 1.009-1.053,P =0.005) and occurrence of OP at lumbar vertebra (OR =3.765,95% CI 2.092-6.776,P < 0.001) were risk factors of the development of OPF in RA patients.Logistic regression analysis also showed that RA was the risk factor of OPF (OR =4.716,95% CI 1.987-11.192,P < 0.001),even after the adjustment of age,gender and BMI.(4) Receiver operator characteristic(ROC) curve in RA patients with OPF has found that age-OPF and daily dosage of glucocorticoid-OPF AUCRoC were 0.689 and 0.636 respectively.The cut-off value in ROC curve of age and daily dose or treatment course of glucocorticoid-OPF were 54.5 years and 6.25 mg(P <0.001),while duration of glucocorticoid usage-OPF AUCROC was 0.685,with cut-off value in ROC of age-OPF 135 days(P < 0.001).Conclusion Prevalence of OPF in patients with RA increases remarkably.Old age and OP at spine are risk factors related to the development of OPF in patients with RA.

13.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1170-1173, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-442548

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the predictive value of cardiovascular risk factors in coronary atherosclerotic heart disease.Methods A total of 400 patients who underwent coronary angiography (CAG) in our hospital was divided into multiple vascular lesion group,single vascular lesions group,and non-CAD group according to the result of CAG and their clinical data were analyzed retrospectively.The correlation between cardiovascular risk factors and coronary artery lesions was analyzed,and the independent risk factor of CAD was screened by multi-factorial logistic regression analysis.Results There was significant difference in total cholesterol (TC),triglycerides (TG),high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLC),fasting blood glucose (FBG),inflammatory cells,carotid artery plaque,brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV),high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (Hs-CRP) between the CAD group and the non-CAD group (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01).The number of coronary artery lesion branch was increased significantly when risk factors,such as age,body mass index(BMI),hypertension,diabetes mellitas,smoking,carotid artery plaque,TG,TC,low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C),FBG,WBC,monocytes (M),neutrophils (N),neutrophils/lymphocytes (N/L),baPWV,and Hs-CRP.Other risk factors including TC,HDL-C,L were decreased with a statistically significant difference (P < 0.05).There was no significant relation among,and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF)%.The most significant risk factor was carotid artery plaque that was independently associated with coronary heart disease (b =1.264,P < 0.01),followed by smoking (b =1.204,P <0.01),HDL-C (b =1.104,P <0.01),TC (b =1.082,P <0.01) diabetes mellitus (b =0.956,P <0.01),baPWV increased (b =0.741,P <0.01),WBC (b=0.721,P <0.01),hypertension (b =0.602,P <0.01),the age (b =0.538,P <0.01),and HsCRP(b =0.421,P < 0.01).Conclusions The results suggest that the hypertension,hyperlipidemia,smoking,age,baPWV,inflammatory cells,Hs-CRP,and carotid artery plaque was a significant independent CHD risk factors.

14.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1278-1280, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430277

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of high mobility group protein box 1 (HMGB1) in pulmonary vascular remodeling in a rat model of acute lung injury (ALI).Methods Thirty healthy pathogen free male Wistar rats weighing 220-250 g were randomly divided into 3 groups (n =10 each) ∶ group control (group C) ;group LPS (group M) and group LPS + HMGB1 antibody (group H).The animals were anesthetized with intraperitoneal 10% chloral hydrate 7 ml/kg.ALI was induced with LPS 1 mg/kg infused iv over 30 min in groups M and H.In group H HMGB1 antibody 2 mg/kg was injected iv at 12,24 and 36 h after LPS administration respectively.The animals were sacrificed at 72 h after LPS administration.The left lung was removed for microscopic examination,measurement of the thickness of the medial layer (tunica media) of pulmonary arterioles and determination of the expression of PCNA (by immune-histochemistry) and HMGB1 protein (by Western blotting).Results The medial layer of pulmonary arterioles was significantly thicker and the expression of PCNA and HMGB1 higher in group M than in group C.LPS also induced significant inflammatory cell infiltration within the alveoli and damage to the septa.In group H HMGB1 antibody significantly attenuated the above-mentioned LPS-induced changes.Conclusion HMGB1 may play an important role in the LPS-induced pulmonary vascular remodeling.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-354196

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Through the comparison of Xiaoyu ointment and xiaoyu plaster by in vitro transdermal demonstrate, to demonstrate the scientificity and feasibility of reformed formulation.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The improved Franz diffusion cells and in vitro rabbit skin were used in vitro penetration experiment with emodin as an indicator of penetration rate quantitated by HPLC.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The cumulative penetration rate of emodin in Xiaoyu ointment fit the model of Weibull distribution, while the cumulative penetration rate of emodin in Xiaoyu plaster fit the model of Density equation. Take emodin as an index,the transdermal rate in Xiaoyu plaster was 1.93 times as Xiaoyu ointment, and the total penetrated amount was 2.84 times as Xiaoyu ointment. The results showed that the emodin of xiaoyu plaster reserved in the skin were 3.95 times more than the ointment.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The penetration rate, total penetrated amount and the reserves in the skin of Xiaoyu plaster were better than the ointment, and the transdermal dosage form was better than the original form.</p>


Subject(s)
Administration, Cutaneous , Animals , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Ointments , Pharmacokinetics , Rabbits , Skin , Metabolism , Skin Absorption
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-385954

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the influence of survivin mutant-T34A ( survivinT34A) and survivin deletant-N-terminal 8 amino acids residues ( survivinN-8AA ) on the cell cycle distribution and chemosensitivity in human ovarian cancer HO-8910 cells for explorating the roles of modified survivin-mediated apoptosis induced by chemotherapeutic agents and possible signaling pathways involved. Methods pcDNA3.1 plasmid contained wild-type, survivinT34A and survivinN-8AA genes were transfected into HO-8910 cells,respectively, the control groups were HO-8910 cells transfected with pcDNA3. 1 plasmids. The expression of mRNA was examined by reverse transcription(RT) PCR and identified by DNA sequencing; the cell cycles were determined by flow cytometer analysis ( FCM ); the growth inhibitions rate of cisplatin ( DDP),paclitaxel (PTX) and LY294002 on the transfected cells were determined using methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay. Results (1) The RT-PCR procedures and genome sequences showed that the survivin mRNA were expressed stable in the transfected HO-8910 cells. (2) There was lower percent of G0/G1 phase cells in SN-HO-8910 cells than that in PC-HO-8910 cells (44. 72% vs. 49.64%, P <0. 05) ;while higher percentage of G2/M phase and S phase cells( 1.06% and 54. 22% vs. 0. 56% and 49. 80%, P < 0. 05 ).There was lower the G2/M phase and S phase cells in M-HO-8910 cells 0. 16% and 36. 33%, than that in PC-HO-8910 cells( P < 0. 05 ); while higher percentage of G0/G1 phase cells(63. 51% ,P < 0. 05 ). G0/G1 ,G2/M and S phase cells in Sur-HO-8910 cells were 54. 46%, 0. 62% and 44. 92%, and there were not significantly difference ( P > 0. 05 ), compared to those in PC-HO-8910 cells. ( 3 ) The inhibitory concentration ( IC50 ) of DDP and PTX were higher in Sur-HO-8910 cells than those in control cells [(20. 4 ±6. 1)vs. (14.4 ±3.9)μmol/L,(36.7 ±4.0) vs. (28.6 ±3.6) μmol/L;all P<0.05]. The IC50 of DDP and LY294002 in SN-HO-8910 cells were lower than those in control cells[(7. 6 ± 1.0) vs. ( 14. 4 ± 3.9)μmol/L, ( 13.2 ± 4. 0) vs. (41.0 ± 7. 9 ) μmol/L; all P < 0. 01]. The IC50 of PTX [( 37. 9 ± 4. 8 ) μmol/L]in SN-HO-8910 cells were higher than that in control cells(P <0. 05). The IC50 of DDP in M-HO-8910 cells [(9.9 ± 1.2) μmol/L] were lower than that in control cells(P <0. 05) ,and the IC50 of LY294002 in M-HO-8910 cells [(66. 9 ± 4. 8) μ mol/L] higher than that in control cells ( P < 0. 01 ). Conclusions The changes of cells cycle distribution caused by survivinT34A or survivinN-8AA enhanced the G2/M cell cycle-dependent chemosensitivity of PTX. Compared to survivinT34A, survivinN-8AA preferentially to mediate the cytotoxicity of DDP and LY294002, suggesting that it may be related to the cell cycle-dependence of survivin function and to blockage of the formation of its active dimer.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-814335

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To determine the effect of pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) on the function of vascular endothelial cells (VEC).@*METHODS@#Human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) line, derived from human umbilical vein, was cultured in vitro with PAPP-A at 0, 50, 100, and 200 ng/mL for 0, 12, 24, and 48 hours, respectively. Nitric oxide (NO) levels and endothlin-1 (ET-1) levels were determined by spectrophotometer and immunehistory.@*RESULTS@#The NO levels of HUVECs in the PAPP-A groups were significantly lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). The ET-1 levels of HUVECs in the PAPP-A groups were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). The changes were all dose-dependent.@*CONCLUSION@#PAPP-A may affect the function of vascular endothelial cells by reducing the secretion of NO and increasing the level of ET-1.


Subject(s)
Cell Line , Endothelial Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Physiology , Endothelin-1 , Female , Humans , Nitric Oxide , Pregnancy-Associated Plasma Protein-A , Pharmacology , Umbilical Veins , Cell Biology , Metabolism
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-592241

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of panaxadiols saponin (PDS) on the oxidative damage in lung tissue in hemorrhage-lipopolysaccharides (LPS) two hits rats. Methods Forty Wistar rats were divided randomly into 4 groups: sham operational group(S group); two hits groups with hemorrhage-LPS(HL group);dexamethasone preventive therapy group (HLD group) ;panaxadiol saponins preventive therapy group(HLP group). The rats were made first-hit by hemorrhagic shock,LPS were administered intraperitoneally to make endotoxic shock and induce two hits in rats,then the model of acute lung injury (ALI) induced by two hits had been built up successfully. NO-2/NO-3,MDA content and NOS,iNOS,SOD activities were measured by 722S spectrophotometer. Results The results of pathological observation showed that there was obvious inflammatory reaction in lung tissues after two-hits,and the structure was destroied.Compared with HL group,the inflammatory reaction was reduced in HLD group and HLD group.NOS,iNOS activities and NO-2/NO-3,MDA contents were increased significantly,and SOD activity was significantly lower in HL group compared with S group(P

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-577159

ABSTRACT

【Objective】To observe the therapeutic effect of traditional Chinese comprehensive therapy for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation.【Methods】Forty-one lumbar disc herniation patients received oral use of herbal medicine,external application of herbal medicine,fumigation and steaming with herbal medicine as well as pelvis traction.Fifteen days constituted one treatment course.【Results】After treatment,25 were cured,13 effective,3 ineffective and the total effective rate was 92.68%.【Conclusion】Comprehensive therapy including oral use of herbal medicine,external application of herbal medicine,fumigation and steaming with herbal medicine as well as pelvis traction has a good effect on relieving symptoms.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-681360

ABSTRACT

Object To establish a calli culture system for the rapid propagation of Speiraea japonica L. f.. Methods Callus and shoot induction were carried out on MS, 6, 7 V or B 5 media with different parts of the plant such as stem tip, tender leaves and petiole as explants. Results A calli culture system was established for the rapid propagation of S. japonica. Conclusion MS cultural medium was found to be most suitable for calli induction. MS with 2.0 mg/L 2,4 D+0.3 mg/L KT can induce calli when the explants were used for the induction, with stem tips being the most satisfactory explant. Clusters of seedlings can be induced on MS+2 mg/L BA+0.1 mg/L NAA and when these seedlings were transferred to 1/2 MS +0.25 mg/L BA+0.5 mg/L NAA medium, root were developed to give young seedlings.

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