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1.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 207-213, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012480

ABSTRACT

Background Atmospheric fine particulate matter (PM2.5) can disrupt the metabolic homeostasis of the liver and accelerate the progression of liver diseases, but there are few studies on the effects of sub-chronic PM2.5 exposure on the liver metabolome. Objectives To investigate the effects of sub-chronic exposure to concentrated PM2.5 on hepatic metabolomics in mice by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS), and to identify potentially affected metabolites and metabolic pathways. Methods Twelve male C57BL/6J (6 weeks old) mice were randomly divided into two groups: a concentrated PM2.5 exposure group and a clean air exposure group. The mice were exposed to concentrated PM2.5 using the "Shanghai Meteorological and Environmental Animal Exposure System" at Fudan University. The exposure duration was 8 h per day, 6 d per week, for a total of 8 weeks. The mice's liver tissues were collected 24 h after the completion of exposure. LC-MS was performed to assess changes in the hepatic metabolome. Orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis and t-test were employed to identify differentially regulated metabolites between the two groups under the conditions of variable important in projection (VIP)≥1.0 and P<0.05. Metabolic pathway enrichment analysis was performed using MetaboAnalyst 5.0 software and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG). Results A total of 297 differentially regulated metabolites were identified between the concentrated PM2.5 exposure group and the clean air group. Among these metabolites, 142 were upregulated and 155 were downregulated. A total of 38 metabolic pathways were altered, with 7 pathways showing significant perturbation (P<0.05). These pathways involved amino acid metabolism, glucose metabolism, nucleotide metabolism, as well as cofactor and vitamin metabolism. The 7 significant metabolic pathways were pantothenic acid and coenzyme A biosynthesis; purine metabolism; amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism; arginine biosynthesis; alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism; aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis; and fructose and mannose metabolism. Conclusion The results from metabolomics analysis suggest that sub-chronic exposure to PM2.5 may disrupt hepatic energy metabolism and induce oxidative stress damage. Aspartic acid, succinic acid, ornithine, fumaric acid, as well as purine and xanthine derivatives, were identified as potential early biomarkers of hepatic response to sub-chronic PM2.5 exposure.

2.
Braz. J. Anesth. (Impr.) ; 73(6): 764-768, Nov.Dec. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1520391

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Propofol is a widely used anesthetic and its dose is closely related to aging. Telomere length (TL) is a unique heritable trait, and emerging as a biomarker of aging, health and disease. Telomerase RNA component (TERC) plays an important role in maintaining TL. We proposed a hypothesis that propofol dose in general anesthesia can be predicted by measuring TL before operation, which greatly reduced the risk of anesthesia, especially the elderly. Methods: The association between the propofol dose in anesthesia induction and: TL in the DNA of peripheral blood leukocytes; body weight; sex; difference of the Bispectral Index (BIS) before and after anesthesia induction in patients was evaluated by multivariable linear regression analyses. The mutation at the 5'end or 3'end of TERC was detected. We recruited 100 patients of elective surgery. Results: We found that propofol dose in anesthesia induction was clearly correlated significantly with TL (r = 0.78, p < 0.001), body weight (r = 0.84, p = 0.004), sex (r = 0.83, p= 0.84, p = 0.004), sex (r = 0.83, p = 0.004), and difference of BIS before and after anesthesia induction (r = 0.85, p = 0.029). By comparing the absolute values of standardized regression coefficients (0.58, 0.21, 0.19, and 0.12) of the four variables, it can be seen that TL contributes the most to the propofol dose in anesthesia induction. However, the mutation at the 5' end or 3' end of TERC was not found. Conclusions: These findings provide preliminary evidence that the propofol dose in anesthesia induction was clearly correlated with genetically determined TL. TL may be a promising predictor of the propofol dose, which is beneficial to improve the safety of anesthesia and reduce perioperative complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Propofol/pharmacology , Body Weight , DNA , Telomere , Anesthetics, Intravenous/pharmacology , Electroencephalography , Anesthesia, General , Leukocytes
3.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 1114-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016707

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: Objective To genotype and analyze whole genomic features of Coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) isolated in Tianjin, to improve evolution information of CVB3 virus in Tianjin, and to provide basis for surveillance and early warning of related diseases. Methods Viral RNA was extracted from five CVB3 strains isolated in Tianjin, whole genome sequence of the virus was amplified by RT-PCR and sequenced by next-generation sequencing method, and phylogenetic and recombinant analysis were carried out. Results The open reading frame 1(ORF) of the five CVB3 strains contained 6 555 nucleotides and encoded 2 185 amino acids, and ORF2 was composed of sequences encoding 68 amino acids. The nucleotide sequence similarity ranged from 78.3%-100%, and the amino acid sequence similarity ranged from 95.7%-100%. Compared with the CVB3 prototype strain, the nucleotide sequence similarity of the five viruses was between 78.2%-79.1%, and the similarity of amino acid sequences was 94.9%-95.3%. All five viruses exhibited a T151A mutation on the VP2 protein. Additionally, the encephalitis isolate showed a K158E mutation on the VP2 protein, while one of the sewage isolates had a C234T mutation in 5' noncoding region. The five strains belonged to two different genotypes, among which the encephalitis isolate in 2016 belonged to the D genotype, while the sewage isolates in 2021 belonged to the E genotype. This is also the first report of E genotype CVB3 in northern China. The CVB3 strain may have recombinant events in non-structural protein regions, in which encephalitis isolate may recombine with a Coxsackievirus B5 (CVB5) strain, while sewage isolates may have recombinant events with a strain of ECHO virus 18 (E18). Conclusions The CVB3 isolates in Tianjin belong to D and E genotypes, and recombination events may exist in non-structural protein region of the viral genome. The results of CVB3 virus genome analysis in sewage suggests presence of CVB3 infection in the population of Tianjin, and its epidemic dominant genotype may have changed.

4.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1515-1521, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013748

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of heroin use in male rats of F0 generation on heroin addiction and relapse in rats of Fl generation and the underlying mechanism. Methods Male rats of F0 generation were treated with different doses of heroin (1, 3, 9 mg • kg

5.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 614-620, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011419

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of comprehensive echinococcosis control measures with emphasis on management of infectious source in Sichuan Province from 2010 to 2022, so as to provide insights into formulation of future control interventions. Methods Data pertaining to comprehensive echinococcosis control measures with emphasis on management of infectious source and echinococcosis surveillance in Sichuan Province from 2010 to 2022 were collected. The effectiveness of comprehensive echinococcosis control measures with emphasis on management of infectious source was evaluated with prevalence of human echinococcosis, detection of newly diagnosed echinococcosis patients, prevalence of Echinococcus infection in domestic dogs, prevalence of cystic echinococcosis in livestock, prevalence of alveolar echinococcosis in small mammals and awareness of echinococcosis control knowledge, and Spearman’s rank correlation analysis. Results The prevalence of human echinococcosis reduced from 1.08% in 2010 to 0.40% in 2022 in Sichuan Province (χ2 = 1 482.97, P < 0.05), with a reduction from 0.30% to 0.02% in the detection of newly diagnosed echinococcosis cases (χ2 = 2 776.41, P < 0.05), a reduction from 15.87% to 0.46% in the prevalence of Echinococcus infection in domestic dogs (χ2 = 20 823.96, P < 0.05), a reduction from 8.05% to 1.07% in the prevalence of cystic echinococcosis in livestock (χ2 = 1 296.02, P < 0.05), and the awareness of echinococcosis control knowledge increased from 50.65% to 95.24% (χ2 = 34 938.63, P < 0.05); in addition, there was a year-specific prevalence rate of alveolar echinococcosis in small mammals (χ2 = 164.07, P < 0.05). Spearman’s rank correlation analysis revealed that the detection of newly diagnosed echinococcosis cases correlated positively with the prevalence of Echinococcus infections in domestic dogs (rs = 0.823, P < 0.05) and the prevalence of cystic echinococcosis in livestock (rs = 0.795, P < 0.05), and correlated negatively with the awareness of echinococcosis control knowledge (rs = − 0.918, P < 0.05), and the prevalence of Echinococcus infection in domestic dogs correlated positively with the prevalence of cystic echinococcosis in livestock (rs = 0.753, P < 0.05) and negatively with the awareness of echinococcosis control knowledge (rs = −0.747, P < 0.05); however, there was no correlation between the prevalence of Echinococcus infections in domestic dogs and the prevalence of alveolar echinococcosis in small mammals (rs = −0.750, P > 0.05). Conclusions The comprehensive echinococcosis control measures with emphasis on management of infectious source had achieved remarkable effectiveness in Sichuan Province; however, the transmission chain of echinococcosis has not been interrupted. Reinforced comprehensive echinococcosis control measures with emphasis on management of infectious source and sustained tracking evaluation of the effectiveness are recommended in Sichuan Province.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3321-3329, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999074

ABSTRACT

Magnolol, a hydroquinone containing an allyl side chain, is one of the major active components of magnolia for antioxidation and anti-aging. To enhance the anti-aging activity and improve the intramolecular hydrogen bonding of magnolol, magnolol was reacted with cinnamic acid to obtain 2-O-cinnamic acid magnolol by esterification. The anti-aging activity of magnolol 2-O-cinnamate was investigated based on Caenorhabditis elegans model. The results showed that 2-O-cinnamic acid magnolol can reduce lipofuscin accumulation in the nematode body, and the effect is better than that of magnolol. 2-O-Cinnamic acid magnolol can extend nematode lifespan, reduce ROS levels in nematodes during normal aging and oxidative stress and improve nematode stress resistance under heat stress and oxidative stress. 2-O-Cinnamic acid magnolol could induce DAF-16 translocation from the cytoplasm to the nucleus and upregulate the expression of the sod-3 gene encoding superoxide dismutase in the nematode TJ356 expressing DAF-16 fused with GFP. 2-O-Cinnamic acid magnolol did not improve the survival rate of hsp-16.2 gene deficient nematodes under oxidative stress, indicating that 2-O-cinnamic acid magnolol improves stress resistance of nematodes under oxidative stress may be associated with sod-3 and hsp-16.2. Moreover, 2-O-cinnamic acid magnolol did not extend the lifespan of daf-16 and age-1 mutants, indicating that age-1 and daf-16 are required for 2-O-cinnamic acid magnolol to delay aging. It showed that magnolol 2-O-cinnamic acid has the potential to improve antioxidant capacity and delay aging, and the mechanism may be related to the insulin/insulin-like growth factor signaling pathway.

7.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1752-1755, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998908

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#Gut flora undergoes a dynamic colonization and development process at different stages of human life. Sex specific gut flora development begins during puberty, which is influenced by sex hormone levels. The potential relationship between sex hormone levels, which suggests that there may be a two way interaction between intestinal flora and sex hormones. In addition, evidence is emerging for bidirectional effects of the microbiome in human health. Therefore, the review presents the dimorphism of intestinal flora, the characteristics of intestinal flora during puberty and the latest research progress, explores the close relationship between intestinal flora and precocious puberty and reproductive system diseases, and further explains the influence mechanism and treatment measures of considering gender factors in intestinal microflora, precocious puberty and reproductive system related diseases.

8.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2561-2577, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997788

ABSTRACT

In order to standardize the review and comment of national key monitoring drug prescriptions (medical orders) by medical institutions at all levels, the Sichuan Academy of Medical Sciences·Sichuan Provincial People’s Hospital took the lead in compiling the Review and Comment Rules of National Key Monitoring Drugs prescriptions (Medical Orders) herein after referred to as the Rules in accordance with the Second Batch of National Key Monitoring Rational Drug Use List (hereinafter referred to as the List) issued by the National Health Commission confirmed in Jan. 13, 2023. According to the laws and drug instructions issued by the national drug regulatory department, clinical guidelines and expert consensus, combined with the actual situation of patients (including age, body weight, liver and kidney function), the writing group classified the common and unreasonable drug use problems for 30 kinds of drugs included in the List and develop the review and comment details. After two rounds of Delphi method questionnaire research and experts’ online meetings, and reviewed by the steering committee, the final Rules was formed. The Rules aim to provide reference for the evaluation of the rational use of drugs included in the List by medical institutions, so as to realize the standardized management of key monitoring drugs, promote the rational drug use in medical institutions, and ensure the safety of drug use for patients.

9.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1587-1591, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997237

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#The physical health of children and adolescents has received widespread attention in recent years, and a series of problems due to unbalanced energy expenditure have come into focus. Energy expenditure in children and adolescents is influenced by multiple factors including body composition and physical activity level. By analyzing and summarizing the characteristics and specificities of energy expenditure in children and adolescents at different ages, the review aims to formulate a targeted design and implementation plans for future intervention studies.

10.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 254-259, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995621

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 associated fundus lesions are mostly vascular occlusion or inflammatory changes. The affected vessels include both retinal macrovessels and microvessels, and the inflammatory changes are mainly autoimmune lesions. Clinically, the different lesions present as various fundus diseases, with varying degrees of impact on visual function. The mechanism of these lesions is considered to be related to direct injury of SARS-CoV-2, abnormal coagulation or inflammatory response caused by SARS-CoV-2. Awareness of fundus lesions associated to COVID-19 is helpful to figure out the pathophysiological mechanism of COVID-19 and promote in-depth studies for a deeper and complete understanding of the occurrence and full impact of COVID-19, emphasizing the importance of early prevention and control of the disease, and highlighting the significance of early intervention of the fundus diseases caused by COVID-19.

11.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 272-276, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993590

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the value of myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) and coronary flow reserve (CFR) combined with coronary artery calcium score (CACS) in the diagnosis of obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD).Methods:From January 2019 to December 2020, 96 confirmed or suspective CAD patients (65 males, 31 females; age: 30-81 years) who completed rest/stress MPI, CFR and CACS defection in Fuwai Central China Cardiovascular Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Coronary angiography (CAG) was used as the diagnostic standard to calculate the sensitivity and accuracy of MPI, CFR and MPI/CFR combined with CACS in the diagnosis of CAD. The χ2 test was used to compare the diagnostic efficiency of different methods. Results:The diagnostic sensitivity of MPI was 76.06%(54/71), and the accuracy was 75.00%(72/96), while the sensitivity increased to 97.18%(69/71; χ2=13.67, P<0.001) and the accuracy increased to 87.50%(84/96; χ2=4.92, P=0.020) with significant differences after combined with CACS. The sensitivity and accuracy of CFR were 91.55%(65/71)and 87.50%(84/96), which increased to 97.18%(69/71; χ2=2.12, P=0.137) and 89.58%(86/96; χ2=0.21, P=0.411) with no significant differences after combined with CACS. The sensitivity of MPI in the diagnosis of three-vessel CAD was 70.00%(21/30), which increased to 100%(30/30; χ2=7.75, P=0.004) after combined with CACS; while the sensitivity of MPI combined with CACS in the diagnosis of single-vessel and double-vessel CAD were not significantly improved ( χ2 values: 3.29, 1.51, P values: 0.114, 0.416). Conclusion:The combination of MPI and CACS can significantly improve the diagnostic efficiency of CAD, contributed by the improvement of the diagnostic sensitivity in three-vessel disease; whereas the diagnostic efficiency of CFR for CAD is not significantly improved after combined with CACS.

12.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 23-30, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993406

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the accuracy of the domestic "Skywalker" surgical robot in implementing personalized lower limb alignment reconstruction scheme in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and the short-term clinical outcome of robotic assisted TKA.Methods:From September 2020 to January 2021, the data of patients who received surgical robot assisted TKA in 5 clinical centers in China (Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Southwest Hospital affiliated to Third Military Medical University, The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University and Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital, and Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine was the group leader) were prospectively collected and retrospectively analyzed. There were 24 males and 82 females with an average age of 67.6±7.3 years, (range 45-80 years); Average body mass index 26.42±4.31 kg/m 2, all the operation were performed by "Skywalker" surgical robot system according to preoperative design based on CT. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, hospitalization days and postoperative complications were recorded, and the imaging indexes including hip-knee-ankle (HKA), lateral distal angle of femur (LDFA) and medial proximal angle of tibia (MPTA) measured before and after the operation, implant model indexes (preoperative planning implant model and postoperative implant model) and short-term clinical efficacy indexes [Western Ontario and McMaster Universities (WOMAC) osteoarthritis index] pain score, stiffness score, joint function score, total score and SF-12 score before and 3 months after the operation) were compared. Results:The average follow-up period was 109.60±9.80 d, (range 95-143 d). The average operation time of 106 patients was 105.30±23.22 min; The average intraoperative blood loss was 141.70±58.33 ml; The average length of hospitalization was 5.82±2.80 d. One patient had ischemic stroke after operation, and one patient had abnormal liver function after operation. According to the judgment of the investigator, all of them were not related to the operation. The actual angle error is the difference between the preoperative planning angle and the postoperative measurement angle. The absolute error of 99.1% (105/106) of the HKA angle was within 3°, 90.8% (69/76) of LDFA, 98.7% (75/76) of the MPTA. In 45 patients in one center where data were available, the actual implant models used in all patients were consistent with the preoperative planning size, and there were only differences in version selection such as Asian condyle. WOMAC pain score, joint function score, total score was improved from 7.34±2.85, 25.10±9.85, 34.75±13.02 to 3.34±2.66, 14.68±9.64, 18.66±13.49 before and after operation, respectively, which were statistically significant ( P<0.001) and SF-12 physiological score and psychological score were improved form 27.24±6.42, 30.68±8.26 to 38.83±5.74, 39.36±7.85 before and after operation, respectively, which were statistically significant ( t=7.33, P<0.001; t=4.53, P=0.043). Conclusion:Domestic surgical robot system "Skywalker" can assist the surgeon to achieve accurate and personalized reconstruction of lower limb alignment and achieve satisfactory short-term clinical outcomes. The long-term clinical outcomes of personalized reconstruction and survival rate of implant still need to be further studied.

13.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 440-446, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992545

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the early physical growth and development of human immunodeficiency virus-exposed uninfected (HEU) children by longitudinally comparing the differences of growth and development between HEU group and the healthy human immunodeficiency virus-unexposed uninfected (HUU) control group of children aged 0 to 18 months.Methods:A retrospective cohort study was designed.Maternal information of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected mothers and follow-up information at 0, 1, 3, 6, 9, 12, and 18 months postpartum of their children (born between January 2013 and December 2019 in Chengdu City) were collected from the Information System of Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Management. The HUU control group was matched with HEU group by maternal age, gestational age at birth, and infant gender at a ratio of 1∶1. There were 385 children each included in the HEU and HUU groups. Matched samples t-test and the multilevel models were used to compared the physical developmental differences between the two groups. Results:Weight for age Z scores (WAZ) at 0, 3, 6 months of HEU group were -0.72±1.03, -0.09±1.18 and 0.05±1.09, respectively, which were all lower than WAZ of HUU group (-0.21±1.04, 0.42±1.19 and 0.41±1.16, respectively), which were all significantly different ( t=8.41, 7.47 and 5.18, respectively, all P<0.001). Length for age Z scores (LAZ) at 3, 6, 12, 18 months of HEU group were -0.23±1.36, -0.01±1.48, -0.18±1.20 and -0.32±1.13, respectively, which were all lower than LAZ of HUU group (0.24±1.26, 0.30±1.26, 0.07±1.11 and 0.04±1.05, respectively), which were all significantly different ( t=6.14, 4.04, 2.72 and 4.30, respectively, all P<0.01). Weight for length Z scores (WLZ) at 0, 3, 6 months of HEU group were -1.05±1.18, 0.23±1.03 and 0.22±0.95, respectively, which were all lower than WLZ of HUU group (-0.20±0.98, 0.44±1.03 and 0.45±1.00, respectively), which were all significantly different ( t=10.90, 2.95 and 2.96, respectively, all P<0.01). After possible confounding factors were corrected, the WAZ of HEU children at 0, 3, 6 months were still lower than those of HUU children, the LAZ of 3, 6, 12, 18 months were still lower than those of HUU children, and the WLZ of 0, 3, 6 months were still lower than those of HUU children. Conclusions:The differences between HEU and HUU children in Chengdu City mainly occur within six months of age, but the differences of body length persist until 18 months of age.Prenatal exposure to HIV infection affects both fetal and postnatal body growth and development.

14.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 61-65, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991979

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prognostic value of early serum lactate, albumin, and lactate/albumin ratio (L/A) on the 28-day prognosis of adult patients with sepsis.Methods:A retrospective cohort study was conducted among adult patients with sepsis admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University from January to December in 2020. Gender, age, comorbidities, lactate within 24 hours of admission, albumin, L/A, interleukin-6 (IL-6), procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP) and 28-day prognosis were recorded. The receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) was drawn to analyze the predictive value of lactate, albumin and L/A for 28-day mortality in patients with sepsis. Subgroup analysis of patients was performed according to the best cut-off value, Kaplan-Meier survival curves were drawn, and the 28-day cumulative survival of patients with sepsis was analyzed.Results:A total of 274 patients with sepsis were included, and 122 patients died at 28 days, with a 28-day mortality of 44.53%. Compared with the survival group, the age, the proportion of pulmonary infection, the proportion of shock, lactate, L/A and IL-6 in the death group were significantly increased, and albumin was significantly decreased [age (years): 65 (51, 79) vs. 57 (48, 73), pulmonary infection: 75.4% vs. 53.3%, shock: 37.7% vs. 15.1%, lactate (mmol/L): 4.76 (2.95, 9.23) vs. 2.21 (1.44, 3.19), L/A: 0.18 (0.10, 0.35) vs. 0.08 (0.05, 0.11), IL-6 (ng/L): 337.00 (97.73, 2 318.50) vs. 55.88 (25.26, 150.65), albumin (g/L): 27.68 (21.02, 33.03) vs. 29.62 (25.25, 34.23), all P < 0.05]. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) of lactate, albumin, and L/A were 0.794 (95% CI was 0.741-0.840), 0.589 (95% CI was 0.528-0.647), 0.807 (95% CI was 0.755-0.852) for predicting 28-day mortality in sepsis patients. The optimal diagnostic cut-off value of lactate was 4.07 mmol/L, the sensitivity was 57.38%, the specificity was 92.76%. The optimal diagnostic cut-off value of albumin was 22.28 g/L, the sensitivity was 31.15%, the specificity was 92.76%. The optimal diagnostic cut-off of L/A was 0.16, the sensitivity was 54.92%, and the specificity was 95.39%. Subgroup analysis showed that the 28-day mortality of sepsis patients in the L/A > 0.16 group was significantly higher than that in the L/A ≤ 0.16 group [90.5% (67/74) vs. 27.5% (55/200), P < 0.001]. The 28-day mortality of sepsis patients in the albumin ≤ 22.28 g/L group was significantly higher than that in the albumin > 22.28 g/L group [77.6% (38/49) vs. 37.3% (84/225), P < 0.001]. The 28-day mortality in the group with lactate > 4.07 mmol/L was significantly higher than that in the group with lactate ≤ 4.07 mmol/L [86.4% (70/81) vs. 26.9% (52/193), P < 0.001]. The three were consistent with the analysis results of Kaplan-Meier survival curve. Conclusion:The early serum lactate, albumin, and L/A were all valuable in predicting the 28-day prognosis of patients with sepsis, and L/A was better than lactate and albumin.

15.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 87-91, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991584

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the relationship between dietary composition of residents in endemic fluorosis areas and skeletal fluorosis.Methods:A case-control study was used to analyze the difference of dietary composition between patients with skeletal fluorosis (case group) and residents without skeletal fluorosis (control group). In August 2019, taking the drinking water-borne endemic fluorosis area in Wenshui County, Lvliang City, Shanxi Province as the survey site, a cluster sampling method was adopted to select local residents aged over 18 years old, and a questionnaire survey was conducted by face-to-face interview. The survey contents included gender, age and consumption frequency of various foods. Binary logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between food consumption frequency and skeletal fluorosis. The diagnosis of skeletal fluorosis was made by using portable digital radiography (DR) to take X-ray films of forearm and lower leg, combining with clinical signs, and according to the Diagnostic Standard for Endemic Skeletal Fluorosis (WS/T 192-2008) to determine.Results:A total of 1 061 subjects were included in this study, including 376 in the case group and 685 in the control group. The age composition of patients in the case group (≤60, > 60 years old: 162, 214 cases) was significantly different from that in the control group (≤60, > 60 years old: 423, 261 cases, χ 2 = 34.52, P < 0.001). There was no statistically significant difference in gender ratio (χ 2 = 1.37, P = 0.251). The proportion of patients in the case group who ate meat and eggs > 1 time/week was lower than that in the control group (χ 2 = 8.06, 5.46, P < 0.05), the proportion of patients who ate milk > 1 time/week was higher than that in the control group (χ 2 = 4.01, P = 0.046), and the proportion of patients who ate seafood ≥1 time/week was lower than that in the control group (χ 2 = 4.16, P = 0.046). The results of binary logistic regression analysis showed that after adjusting for age, sex, and urinary fluoride, the frequency of eating meat, eggs or milk > 1 time/week and the frequency of eating seafood ≥1 time/week were not related to the risk of skeletal fluorosis ( P > 0.05); however, in the group ≤60 years old, the frequency of eating eggs > 1 time/week was associated with the risk of skeletal fluorosis [odds ratio ( OR) = 0.59, 95% confidence interval ( CI): 0.39, 0.88]. Conclusions:The consumption frequency of meat, milk, eggs and seafood is significantly different between the skeletal fluorosis patients and the control people. In the population ≤60 years old, consumption frequency of eggs > 1 time/week may reduce the risk of skeletal fluorosis.

16.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 347-352, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990526

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the predictive ability of SpO 2/FiO 2(S/F) and ROX index on the failure of high-flow nasal cannula(HFNC)therapy in children with acute respiratory failure after congenital heart disease surgery, and to identify the best cut-off point. Methods:Through a case-control study, the clinical data of 371 children with acute respiratory failure after congenital heart surgery treated with HFNC admitted to Guangzhou Women and Children′s Medical Center from January 2018 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed.The primary outcome was the need for re-intubation within 48 h after extubation of invasive ventilation.The ability of S/F and ROX index to predict HFNC failure was compared, and the optimal cut-off point was determined based on the area under the curve (AUC) of receiver operating characteristic curve.Results:A total of 371 children were included, of whom 27 (7.3%) eventually required mechanical ventilation within 48 h. The S/F prediction accuracy was highest after 6 h of HFNC treatment(AUC=0.712, 95% CI 0.599-0.825, P=0.001), and the best cut-off point for S/F was 178 mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa)(sensitivity 74.9%, specificity 69.6%). Whereas the prediction accuracy of the ROX index was highest after 12 hours of HFNC treatment, the AUC was 0.737(95% CI 0.623-0.851, P=0.002), and the best cut-off point of the ROX index was 5.865(sensitivity 72.4% specificity 66.7%). The difference in AUC between S/F after 6 h of HFNC treatment and ROX after 12 h was not statistically significant ( P=0.444), with higher sensitivity and specificity, and earlier prediction time(6 hours) in the former. Conclusion:Children with acute respiratory failure after congenital heart surgery have a strong predictive ability of S/F after 6 h of HFNC treatment, and the risk of HFNC treatment failure is higher in children with S/F <178 mmHg.

17.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 611-615, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953838

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence of Echinococcus infection in small mammals in Shiqu County, Sichuan Province from 2015 to 2020, so as to provide insights into echinococcosis control in Shiqu County. Methods One setting with frequent activity of small mammals was sampled as the survey site from each of 9 townships where human alveolar echinococcosis was hyperendemic, in Shiqu County, Sichuan Province from 2015 to 2020. Two quadrats measuring 50 m × 50 m were assigned in each survey site during the period between July and August from 2015 to 2020 to capture all small mammals in quadrats, and the species of small mammals were identified by morphological characteristics. All captured small mammals were dissected in the field and Echinococcus infection was identified by visual examinations. The affected organs of Echinococcus-infected small mammals were collected, and Echinococcus infection was detected using PCR assay, with Echinococcus species characterized. The prevalence of Echinococcus infection was calculated in small mammals, and the trends in the prevalence of Echinococcus infection were analyzed during the period from 2015 to 2020. In addition, the prevalence of Echinococcus infection was compared in small mammals using visual examinations and PCR assay. Results A total of 2 692 small mammals were captured in the survey sites of Shiqu County from 2015 to 2020, and morphology characterized 1 360 Microtus fuscus (50.52%) and 1 332 Plateau pika (49.48%). The prevalence rates of Echinococcus infection were 35.63%, 19.16%, 21.41%, 8.40%, 7.68% and 4.44% by visual examinations and 18.96%, 5.36%, 5.61%, 4.58%, 3.30% and 0.37% by PCR assay in small mammals in Shiqu County from 2015 to 2020, both showing a tendency towards a decline year by year (χ2 = 215.024 and 117.045, both P values < 0.001). The prevalence of Echinococcus infection was significantly higher in small mammals by visual examinations than by PCR assay during the period from 2015 to 2020 except in 2018 (χ2= 33.597, 21.815, 51.373, 17.268 and 9.537, all P values < 0.01). PCR assay detected a reduction in the prevalence of E. multilocularis infection from 10.21% to 0.37% and a reduction in the prevalence of E. shiquicus infection from 8.75% to 0 in small mammals in Shiqu County from 2015 to 2020, both appearing a tendency towards a decline year by year (χ2 = 117.045 and 43.436, both P values < 0.001). In addition, the prevalence of E. multilocularis and E. shiquicus infections reduced from 15.19% to 0.45% and from 8.23% to 0 in M. fuscus, and the prevalence of E. multilocularis and E. shiquicus infections reduced from 7.76% to 0 and from 9.01% to 0 in P. pika in Shiqu County from 2015 to 2020. Conclusions M. fuscus and P. pika were dominant species of small mammals in Shiqu County, Sichuan Province from 2015 to 2020, and E. multilocularis infection was mainly found in M. fuscus and E. shiquicus infection mainly found in P. pika. The prevalence of Echinococcus infection appeared a tendency towards a decline in both M. fuscus and P. pika year by year during the period from 2015 to 2020.

18.
International Eye Science ; (12): 488-493, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964254

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the changes of retinal microvascular density in patients with sellar region tumor, and its correlation with the damage to visual field, and to explore its application value in evaluating optic nerve injury of those patients.METHODS: Cross-sectional study. A total of 157 patients(292 eyes)with sellar region tumor, including 82 cases(152 eyes)of pituitary adenoma and 75 cases(140 eyes)of craniopharyngioma, were selected from neurosurgery department and ophthalmology department of Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University between October 2018 and May 2022. A total of 90 people(180 eyes)during the same period, including the family members of patients, students and staff in Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University were collected as control group. All participants underwent optical coherence tomography angiography(OCTA)examination. The changes of retinal microvascular density and its correlation with visual field parameters were compared between the two groups.RESULTS: In patients with sellar region tumor, the radial peripapillary capillary(RPC)and superficial retinal capillary plexus(SRCP)density were significantly lower than that in the control group [50.81%(46.49%, 53.49%)vs. 52.78%(50.73%, 54.51%)and 50.57%(48.13%, 52.73%)vs. 51.63%(49.78%, 53.02%), all P<0.05]. The RPC density in the craniopharyngioma group was lower than that in the pituitary adenoma group [49.71%(44.33%, 53.14%)vs. 51.37%(47.42%, 53.95%), P<0.05]. The MD, PSD and VFI of the sellar region tumor group were -4.33(-12.22, -1.85)dB, 3.37(1.91, 8.82)dB and 92%(65%, 97%)respectively. RPC density of patients with sellar region tumor was positively correlated with MD and VFI, and was negatively correlated with PSD. The SRCP density of each quadrant was positively correlated with MD, and was positively correlated with VFI except Para-T and it was negatively correlated with PSD(all P<0.05).CONCLUSION: Retinal microvascular changes were present in patients with sellar region tumor. Lower vessel density indicates more severe damage to visual field. In the clinic, visual field examinations combined with OCTA were helpful to find the optic nerve injury of patients.

19.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 905-913, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010302

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of ethanol extract of Polygala sibirica L. var megalopha Fr. (EEP) on RAW264.7 mouse macrophages.@*METHODS@#RAW264.7 cells were pretreated with 0-200 µg/mL EEP or vehicle for 2 h prior to exposure to 1 µg/mL lipopolysaccharide (LPS) for 24 h. Nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin (PGE2) production were determined by Griess reagent and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), respectively. The mRNA levels of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interleukin-1beta (IL-1β), and IL-6 were determined using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Western blot assay was used to determine the protein expressions of iNOS, COX-2, phosphorylation of extracellular regulated protein kinases (ERK1/2), c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), inhibitory subunit of nuclear factor Kappa B alpha (Iκ B-α) and p38. Immunofluorescence was used to observe the nuclear expression of nuclear factor-κ B p65 (NF-κ B p65). Additionally, the anti-oxidant potential of EEP was evaluated by reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and the activities of catalase (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD). The 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), hydroxyl (OH), superoxide anion (O2-) radical and nitrite scavenging activity were also measured.@*RESULTS@#The total polyphenol and flavonoid contents of EEP were 23.50±2.16 mg gallic acid equivalent/100 g and 43.78±3.81 mg rutin equivalent/100 g. With EEP treatment (100 and 150 µg/mL), there was a notable decrease in NO and PGE2 production induced by LPS in RAW264.7 cells by downregulation of iNOS and COX-2 mRNA and protein expressions (P<0.01 or P<0.05). Furthermore, with EEP treatment (150 µg/mL), there was a decrease in the mRNA expression levels of TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6, as well as in the phosphorylation of ERK, JNK and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK, P<0.01 or P<0.05), by blocking the nuclear translocation of NF-κ B p65 in LPS-stimulated cells. In addition, EEP (100 and 150 µg/mL) led to an increase in the anti-oxidant enzymes activity of SOD and CAT, with a concomitant decrease in ROS production (P<0.01 or P<0.05). EEP also indicated the DPPH, OH, O2- radical and nitrite scavenging activity.@*CONCLUSION@#EEP inhibited inflammatory responses in activated macrophages through blocking MAPK/NF-κ B pathway and protected against oxidative stress.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Lipopolysaccharides/pharmacology , Polygala , Transcription Factor RelA/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Ethanol/chemistry , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/chemistry , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Cyclooxygenase 2/metabolism , Nitrites/metabolism , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Nitric Oxide/metabolism , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II/metabolism
20.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 83-93, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970967

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#Robot-assisted technology is a forefront of surgical innovation that improves the accuracy of total knee arthroplasty (TKA). But whether the accuracy of surgery can improve the clinical efficacy still needs further research. The purpose of this study is to perform three-dimensional (3D) analysis in the early postoperative period of patients who received robot-assisted total knee arthroplasty (RATKA), and to study the trend of changes in gait parameters after RATKA and the correlation with the early clinical efficacy.@*METHODS@#Patients who received RATKA in the Center of Joint Surgery, the First Hospital Affiliated to Army Military Medical University from October 2020 to January 2021 were included. The imaging parameters, i.e., hip-knee-ankle angle, lateral distal femoral angle, medial proximal tibial angle, posterior condylar angle were measured 3 months post-TKA. The 3D gait analysis and clinical efficacy by Western Ontario Mac Master University Index (WOMAC) score were performed pre-TKA, 3 and 6 months post-TKA. The differences in spatiotemporal parameters of gait, kinetic parameters, and kinematic parameters of the operated limb and the contralateral limb were compared. The correlation between gait parameters and WOMAC scores was analyzed. Paired sample t-test and Wilcoxon rank-sum test were used to analyze the difference between groups, and Spearman correlation coefficient was used to analyze the correlation.@*RESULTS@#There were 31 patients included in this study, and the imaging indexes showed that all of them returned to normal post-TKA. The WOMAC score at 3 months post-TKA was significantly lower than that pre-TKA, and there was no significant difference between at 3 and 6 months. The 3D gait analysis results showed that the double support time of the operated limb reduced at 3 and 6 months (all p < 0.05), the maximum extension and maximum external rotation of the knee joint increased at stance phase, and the maximum flexion angle, the range of motion and the maximum external rotation increased at swing phase. Compared with the preoperative data, there were significant improvements (all p < 0.05). Compared with the contralateral knee joint, the maximum external rotation of the knee joint at swing phase was smaller than that of the contralateral side, and the maximum flexion and extension moment was greater than that of the contralateral knee. The maximum external rotation moment of the joint was greater than that of the contralateral knee joint (p < 0.05). There was a negative correlation between the single support time pre-TKA and the WOMAC score at 3 months (p = 0.017), and the single support time at 3 months was negatively correlated with the WOMAC score at 6 months (p = 0.043). The cadence at 6 months was negatively correlated with the WOMAC score at 6 months (p = 0.031). The maximum knee extension at stance phase at 6 months was negatively correlated with the WOMAC score at 6 month (p = 0.048). The maximum external rotation at stance phase at 6 months was negatively correlated with the WOMAC score at 6 months (p = 0.024).@*CONCLUSION@#The 3D gait analysis of RATKA patients is more sensitive than WOMAC score in evaluating the clinical efficacy. Trend of changes in gait parameters shows that the knee joint support, flexion and extension function, range of motion, external rotation and varus deformity moment of the patient were significantly improved at 3 months after surgery, and continued to 6 months after surgery. Compared with the contralateral knee, the gait parameters of the operated limb still has significant gaps in functionality, such as the external rotation and flexion and extension. The single support time, cadence, knee extension, and knee external rotation of the operated limb have a greater correlation with the postoperative WOMAC score. Postoperative rehabilitation exercises should be emphasized, which is of great value for improving the early efficacy of RATKA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Gait Analysis , Robotics , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Knee Joint/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Range of Motion, Articular , Biomechanical Phenomena
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