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1.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 296-300, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993667

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the intervention effect of rehabilitation platform-based online psycho-education on patients with bipolar disorder (BD) in remission stage.Methods:In this randomized controlled study, 91 patients with BD in remission stage who attended the community health center in Xicheng District, Beijing from July to August 2021 were randomly divided into a test group (46 cases) and a control group (45 cases) according to a 1∶1 ratio using the random number table. Baseline data were collected from both groups, and the control group received conventional medication and community telephone follow-up, while the test group was given online mental health education in the form of a WeChat subscription number on this basis, including BD mental health education course push (twice a week) and disease self-management (daily recording of mood, sleep, medication, exercise and gratitude diary), and the intervention period was 6 months in both groups. During the intervention, one patient in the test group was admitted to hospital due to exacerbation of mental illness and the trial was terminated. A total of 90 cases were included in the study. The scores of Medication Adherence Rating Scale (MARS), Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD), Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) and Perceived Devaluation-Discrimination Scale (PDD) were assessed at baseline, after 3 months and 6 months of intervention in both groups, respectively. And the differences in baseline data between the two groups were compared using two independent samples t test and χ2 test, and the repeated-measures ANOVA was used to compare the differences in MARS, HAMD, YMRS, and PDD scores between the two groups before and after the intervention, and to analyze the intervention effects of network mental health education based on the rehabilitation platform on patients in remission stage of BD. Results:After 6 months of intervention, MARS scores in the test group was significantly higher than that in the control group [(8.47±1.75) vs (7.47±1.85)], and was significantly higher than that at baseline (7.36±2.13) and after 3 months of intervention (8.04±1.68) (all P<0.05). YMRS and PDD scores in the test group were significantly lower than those at baseline after 3 and 6 months of intervention [YMRS, 2.0(1.0,4.0),2.0(0,3.0) vs 3.0(1.0,5.5); PDD, (31.18±4.65), (30.13±4.76) vs (32.51±4.51)] (all P<0.05); the differences in YMRS and PDD scores in the control group were not statistically significant (all P>0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in HAMD scores between the two groups before and after the intervention (all P>0.05). Conclusion:Combining mental health education based on rehabilitation platform with conventional medication and community management can significantly improve the medication compliance of patients with BD in remission stage, and improve their manic symptoms and reduce the stigma of the disease.

2.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 32-35, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970941

ABSTRACT

The clinical data of maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients from twenty hemodialysis centers in Guizhou province from June to September 2020 were collected by cross-sectional study. The patients were divided into AFD group and non-AFD group according to whether AFD had occurred. LTI was measured by body composition monitor. The results showed that the incidence of AFD in 2 781 MHD patients was 30.0% (835/2 781). Median LTI level was 15.2 (13.2, 17.5) kg/m2. The LTI level in the AFD group was higher than that in the non-AFD group (P < 0.05). According to the tertiles of LTI, low LTI group (LTI ≤ 13.9 kg/m2) had the highest incidence of AFD (35.5%, 334/940), and the high LTI group had the lowest incidence of AFD (26.3%, 241/916), and the difference among the three groups was statistically significant (χ2=20.182,P < 0.001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that low LTI group as the reference, the risk of AFD in moderate LTI group (13.9 kg/m2 < LTI ≤ 16.6 kg/m2) and high LTI group were associated with the 20.0% (OR=0.800, 95% CI 0.650-0.986, P=0.036) and 22.8% (OR=0.772, 95% CI 0.616-0.966, P=0.024) decrease, respectively. These results suggest that low LTI level is independently associated with an increased risk of AFD in MHD patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cross-Sectional Studies , Renal Dialysis/adverse effects , Body Composition
3.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 40-49, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970753

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of nicotine on the morphology, structure of offspring's dental germ, enamel organ and other dental tissues and the further potential epigenetic mechanisms by establishing prenatal nicotine exposure mouse model. Methods: Ten C57BL/6 pregnant mice were randomly divided into control group (physiological saline subcutaneous injection) and prenatal nicotine exposure (PNE) group (nicotine subcutaneous injection) by using a random number table. Postnatal day 0 (P0), postnatal day 14 (P14) and postnatal day 25 (P25) offspring mice were collected for subsequent experiments. The offspring mice were divided into offspring control group and offspring PNE group according to the maternal group respectively. Weights of P0 and P25 offspring mice were recorded. Micro-CT, scanning electron microscope (SEM) and Vickers hardness test were performed to analyze the related parameters of hard tissues including alveolar bones and mandibular incisors. Total RNAs were extracted from mandible tissues and the third generation of dental epithelial stem cells (DESC) in P25 mice. The relative expression levels of osteogenic and ameloblastic differentiation related genes were measured by real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR). Immunohistochemical stainings of paraffin sections were then performed to observe the distribution and expression level of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (Pcna), amelogenin (Amelx), histone H3 trimethylated at lysine 27 (H3K27me3) and enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (Ezh2). Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assays were used to detect the cell viabilities of DESCs after administrations of different concentrations of nicotine (0.01, 0.1, 1 mmol/L) and GSK126 (an inhibitor of histone methyltransferase Ezh2). Results: Compared with the control group, pregnant mice in PNE group were more likely to have adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as significantly lower offspring body weight [P0: offspring control (1.20±0.04) g, offspring PNE (0.99±0.02) g, P<0.001; P25: offspring control (15.26±1.70) g, offspring PNE (9.65±1.32) g, P<0.001] and increased stillbirths rate [offspring control (0), offspring PNE (46.40±9.30) %, P<0.001]. At P14 and P25, the distance parameters between the enamel mineralized deposits of mandibular incisors and the mesial surface of the first molar in offspring PNE group [P14: (-1 349±45) μm; P25: (-1 192±147) μm] was significantly decreased compared with the control group [P14: (-506±380) μm, P25: (504±198) μm] (P<0.05, P<0.001). The enamel column and enamel column stroma of incisors in offspring PNE group were blurred, arranged loosely and disorderly than those in the control group, while the microhardness of incisor enamel in offspring PNE group [(245.7±18.4) MPa] was significantly lower compared to the control group [(371.9±28.7) MPa] (P<0.001). HE staining showed disordered pre-ameloblast (Pre-Am) arrangement and delayed mineralization deposition point in offspring PNE group compared with the control group, while the length of transit-amplifying cell (TA) and Pre-Am region were prolonged as well. Immunohistochemical staining results displayed that the overall Pcna (P<0.05), H3K27me3 (P<0.01), Ezh2 (P<0.01) expression of labial cervical loop (LaCL) in PNE group were increased, while the positive signal of Amelx in ameloblast cytoplasm was impaired. In vitro, the addition of 1 mmol/L nicotine could significantly upregulate the expression level of Pcna (P<0.01) and downregulate the expression levels of B lymphoma Mo-MLV insertion region 1 (P<0.05), leucine rich repeats and immunoglobulin like domains 1 (P<0.05), Amelx (P<0.01). In addition, 1 mmol/L nicotine could also significantly enhance the proliferation activity of DESCs (P<0.001). Addition of 10 μmol/L GSK126, could rescue the proliferation activation effect of 1 mmol/L nicotine on DESCs. Conclusions: PNE may delay the process of enamel formation and lineage differentiation, leading to the abnormal proliferation of DESCs and changes of epigenetic modification state in H3K27me3, which affect the development of enamel in offspring mice,suggesting PNE might be one of risk environmental factor for tooth development.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Female , Mice , Animals , Nicotine/toxicity , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen , Histones , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Dental Enamel
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 659-671, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965635

ABSTRACT

The function of the central nervous system was significantly altered under high-altitude hypoxia, and these changes lead to central nervous system disease and affected the metabolism of drugs in vivo. The blood-brain barrier is essential for maintaining central nervous system stability and plays a key role in the regulation of drug metabolism, and barrier structure and dysfunction affect drug transport to the brain. Changes in the structure and function of the blood-brain barrier and the transport of drugs across the blood-brain barrier under high-altitude hypoxia are regulated by changes in brain microvascular endothelial cells, astrocytes and pericytes, and are regulated by drug metabolism factors such as drug transporters and drug metabolizing enzymes. This article reviews the effects of high-altitude hypoxia on the structure and function of the blood-brain barrier and the effects of changes in the blood-brain barrier on drug metabolism. We investigate the regulatory effects and underlying mechanisms of the blood-brain barrier and related pathways such as transcription factors, inflammatory factors and nuclear receptors on drug transport under high-altitude hypoxia.

5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3039-3045, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981434

ABSTRACT

This study aims to investigate the role of slient mating-type information regulation 2 homolog 1(SIRT1)/tuberous sclerosis complex 2(TSC2)/mammalian target of rapamycin(mTOR) signaling pathways in the Periplaneta americana extract CⅡ-3-induced senescence of human leukemia K562 cells. K562 cells were cultured in vitro and treated with 0(control), 5, 10, 20, 40, 80, and 160 μg·mL~(-1) of P. americana extract CⅡ-3. Cell counting kit-8(CCK-8) and flow cytometry were employed to examine the proliferation and cell cycle of the K562 cells. Senescence-associated β-galactosidase stain kit(SA-β-gal) was used to detect the positive rate of senescent cells. Mitochondrial membrane potential was detected by flow cytometry. The relative mRNA level of telomerase reverse transcriptase(TERT) was determined by fluorescence quantitative PCR. The mRNA and protein levels of SIRT1, TSC2, and mTOR were determined by fluorescence quantitative PCR and Western blot, respectively. The results showed that CⅡ-3 significantly inhibited the proliferation of K562 cells and the treatment with 80 μg·mL~(-1) CⅡ-3 for 72 h had the highest inhibition rate. Therefore, 80 μg·mL~(-1) CⅡ-3 treatment for 72 h was selected as the standard for subsequent experiments. Compared with the control group, CⅡ-3 increased the proportion of cells arrested in G_0/G_1 phase, decreased the proportion of cells in S phase, increased the positive rate of SA-β-Gal staining, elevated the mitochondrial membrane potential and down-regulated the mRNA expression of TERT. Furthermore, the mRNA expression of SIRT1 and TSC2 was down-regulated, while the mRNA expression of mTOR was up-regulated. The protein expression of SIRT1 and p-TSC2 was down-regulated, while the protein expression of p-mTOR was up-regulated. The results indicated that P. americana extract CⅡ-3 induced the senescence of K562 cells via the SIRT1/mTOR signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Periplaneta , Sirtuin 1/genetics , K562 Cells , Signal Transduction , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/genetics , RNA, Messenger , Mammals
6.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 617-620, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958493

ABSTRACT

Inherited retinal diseases (IRD) are a group of genetic disorders with high genetic and clinical heterogeneity. Patients with IRD may have their clinical diagnosis confirmed by genetic testing. Over the past 30 years, rapid advances in molecular genetics have raised the disease-causing gene variant detection rate and the accuracy of genetic testing, which provide hope to patients. The genetic diagnosis of patients with IRD is complicated due to the overlapping clinical phenotypes, and the fact that different variants lead to different phenotypes and severity even of the same gene. It is very important to overall evaluate the clinical phenotype of patients, precisely select genetic testing methods, and reasonably define disease-causing genes and variants during genetic diagnosis, which can guide the patient's subsequent treatment and provide genetic counseling.

7.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 38-43, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906483

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of Fuzheng Kangai decotion (FZKAD) on the immune regulation and the inhibition of tumor growth in rats with ovarian carcinoma. Method:Kunming mice were randomly divided into normal group, lentinan (0.05 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) group, and high (27.3 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), medium (13.65 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) and low (6.825 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) dose groups of FZKAD, with 10 mice in each group, serum hemolytic value (HC<sub>50</sub>), antibody-forming cells and the phagocytosis of mononuclear macrophages were measured. Fischer 344 rat xenograft model was established through inoculation of NUTU-19 cell in the right axilla, and the model rats were randomly divided into model group, cisplatin group (0.002 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and high (18.9 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), medium (9.45 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and low (4.725 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) dose groups of FZKAD, with 10 rats in each group, in addition, 10 healthy rats were randomly selected as the normal group. Tumor quality, tumor inhibition rate, T lymphocyte subsets, and expressions of serum cytokines, enhancer binding protein homologous protein 1(XBP1) and enhancer binding protein homologous protein (CHOP) protein in tumor tissues were detected after 14 days of administration. Result:Compared with normal group, HC<sub>50</sub>, level of antibody-forming cells, phagocytic index and phagocytic activity of mice in high, medium and low-dose groups of FZKAD were significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Tumor quality and XBP1 protein expression in high, medium and low-dose groups of FZKAD were significantly decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.01) compared with the model group, while the tumor inhibition rate, CD4<sup>+</sup>, CD8<sup>+</sup> T cell ratio, CD4<sup>+</sup>/CD8<sup>+</sup> ratio, tumor necrosis factor-<italic>α</italic> (TNF-<italic>α</italic>), interleukin-2 (IL-2), <italic>γ-</italic>interferon (IFN-<italic>γ</italic>) expression and CHOP protein expression were significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:FZKAD can improve the immune function of normal mice and inhibit the tumor growth in rats with ovarian carcinoma, and the immunity regulation effect is the main mechanism.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3665-3677, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922433

ABSTRACT

Detailed knowledge on tissue-specific metabolic reprogramming in diabetic nephropathy (DN) is vital for more accurate understanding the molecular pathological signature and developing novel therapeutic strategies. In the present study, a spatial-resolved metabolomics approach based on air flow-assisted desorption electrospray ionization (AFADESI) and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI) integrated mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) was proposed to investigate tissue-specific metabolic alterations in the kidneys of high-fat diet-fed and streptozotocin (STZ)-treated DN rats and the therapeutic effect of astragaloside IV, a potential anti-diabetic drug, against DN. As a result, a wide range of functional metabolites including sugars, amino acids, nucleotides and their derivatives, fatty acids, phospholipids, sphingolipids, glycerides, carnitine and its derivatives, vitamins, peptides, and metal ions associated with DN were identified and their unique distribution patterns in the rat kidney were visualized with high chemical specificity and high spatial resolution. These region-specific metabolic disturbances were ameliorated by repeated oral administration of astragaloside IV (100 mg/kg) for 12 weeks. This study provided more comprehensive and detailed information about the tissue-specific metabolic reprogramming and molecular pathological signature in the kidney of diabetic rats. These findings highlighted the promising potential of AFADESI and MALDI integrated MSI based metabolomics approach for application in metabolic kidney diseases.

9.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 314-318, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827539

ABSTRACT

Tubular dentin is of great significance in the process of tooth tissue and tooth regeneration, because it is not only the structural feature of primary dentin, but also can affect the tooth sensory function, affect the differentiation of dental pulp cells and provide strong mechanical support for teeth. Scaffold is one of the three elements of tissue engineering dentin regeneration. Most experiments on dentin regeneration involve the study of the microstructure and mechanical properties of the scaffold. The microstructure and mechanical characteristics of scaffold materials have important effects on the differentiation and adhesion of odontoblast, it can directly affect the tissue structure of regenerated dentin.


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Dental Pulp , Dentin , Odontoblasts , Regeneration , Tissue Engineering , Tissue Scaffolds
10.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 605-611, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827008

ABSTRACT

Cyclophilin A (CypA) is a widely distributed and highly conserved protein in organisms. It has peptidyl-prolyl cis/trans isomerase activity and is a receptor for cyclosporin A (CsA). Coronaviruses are enveloped, single-stranded, positive-sense RNA viruses. Seven types of coronaviruses are currently known to infect humans, among which SARS-CoV, MERS-CoV, and SARS-CoV-2 are fatal for humans. It is well established that CypA is essential for the replication of various coronaviruses such as SARS-CoV, CoV-229E, CoV-NL63, and FCoV. Additionally, CsA and its derivatives (ALV, NIM811, etc.) have obvious inhibitory effects on a variety of coronaviruses. These results suggest that CypA is a potential antiviral target and the existing drug CsA might be used as an anti-coronavirus drug. At the end of 2019, SARS-CoV-2 raged in China, which seriously theatern human health and causes huge economic lases. In view of this, we describe the effects of CypA on the replication of coronaviruses and the antiviral activities of its inhibitors, which will provide the scientific basis and ideas for the development of antiviral drugs for SARS-CoV-2.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antiviral Agents , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Drug Therapy , Epidemiology , Virology , Cyclophilin A , Cyclosporine , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Drug Therapy , Epidemiology , Virology , Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus , Virus Replication
11.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 296-302, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-848100

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome appeared at older and lower age. Increasing physical activity and active movement can effectively improve insulin sensitivity in patients with metabolic syndrome, regulate lipid and glucose metabolisms, decrease blood pressure and reduce the incidence of metabolic syndrome. OBJECTIVE: To comprehensively review the effect of physical activity and exercise intervention on metabolic syndrome, and to further reveal the positive benefits of physical activity, aerobic exercise and resistance movement to young children and middle-aged and elderly people, so as to provide theoretical and practical reference for effective prevention, mitigation and treatment of metabolic syndrome. METHODS: PubMed, CNKI, and ElsevierSDOL databases were used to search relevant articles with the keywords of “metabolic syndrome, physical activity, exercise” in Chinese and English, respectively. The pathogenesis of metabolic syndrome and the influence of physical activity and exercise on metabolic syndrome were summarized to confirm the included studies eligible for the objectives. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) Adequate physical activity is an independent protective factor of metabolic syndrome. A healthy lifestyle, such as less sitting and hyperactivity, changing travel mode and increasing housework, can effectively accelerate energy metabolism and improve insulin sensitivity in all groups, reduce the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and each component of the disease. (2) Regular exercise has a significantly positive effect on the prevention and treatment of metabolic syndrome. Aerobic exercise and resistance exercise can reduce the body fat content and insulin resistance and other risk factors. Resistance exercise can increase skeletal muscle content, increase basal metabolic rate and insulin sensitivity, especially control blood sugar. Only aerobic exercise can correct the inflammatory reaction of metabolic syndrome, and has more advantages in reducing body fat and lowering blood pressure. (3) Obesity in children and adolescents is closely related to metabolic syndrome. Physical activity and exercise play a significant role in the prevention and improvement of metabolic syndrome, while the improvement of metabolic syndrome can control obesity in children and adolescents. The survival rate of middle-aged and elderly patients with metabolic syndrome decreased, the risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases increased, and the mortality rate increased. Lifestyle change and regular exercise are important measures to prevent and cure the occurrence of metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases in the middle-aged and elderly.

12.
Chinese Journal of Practical Internal Medicine ; (12): 972-976, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816137

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between red blood cell volume distribution width(RDW)and protein energy wasting(PEW)in maintenance hemodialysis(MHD)patients. METHODS: A multicenter cross-sectional study was conducted in eight hemodialysis centers of Guizhou province in 2018.Clinical data,laboratory values,physical parameters and body composition data of MHD patients were collected. According to the quartile of RDW,the patients were divided into four groups. The differences in the indexes among the 4 groups were compared.Logistic regression models were used to analyze the relationships between RDW and the occurance of PEW. The receiver operating characteristic curves(ROC)was applied to evaluate the predictive power of RDW for PEW. RESULTS: Totally 594 MHD patients were enrolled and were divided into 4 groups,value according to RDW quartile(Q1,Q2,Q3 and Q4). Logistic regression analysis showed that the occurance of PEW was correlated with RDW in MHD patients. The risk of PEW in MHD Q4 group was 2.583 times higher than that of the Q1 group(95%CI 1.588-4.202, P<0.001). After adjustment for patients' age, gender, DM history,dialysis age,hemoglobin, serum phosphorus, serum alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase,the risk of Q4 group was 2.197 fold higher than that of Q1 group(95%CI 1.306-3.698, P<0.005). Recover operating characteristic(ROC)analysis showed that the optimal threshold for predicting PEW risks in MHD patients was 15.6% with a sensitivity and specificity of 40.35% and78.72% respectively and the area under curve was 0.611(95%CI 0.570-0.650,P<0.0001). CONCLUSION:s For MHD patients,RDW is associated with the occurance of PEW and has the value for PEW.

13.
Chinese Journal of Medical Science Research Management ; (4): 281-284, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756537

ABSTRACT

Objective Young talents training to reserve scientific research reserve force is one of the important problems that the scientific research department should take into account .Methods Two main measurements ,service support and inter-nal policy support were adopted to promote the development of technical talents .Service supports including make good use of the Youth League Committee ,establishing the model of young science and technology ,organizing scientific research kick-off meeting and carrying out Youth Science and Technology Forum .Results Such measurements enhanced the enthusiasm for sci-entific research participation of young people ,which played important role in making changes to insure the rising of the level of young talents .Conclusions The training of young talents from two aspects including service and policy not only enhanced their scientific research level ,but also helpful in promoting their research competence ,and further ,reserve the scientific research re-serve force for the hospital .

14.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 682-687, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754210

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of aralia saponins on the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in the kidney of diabetic nephropathy mice.Methods After 10 days of adaptive feeding,90 clean Kunming mice were randomly divided into the normal group (n =10) and 5 model groups (model group,positive drug benazepril intervention group,aralia saponins low,middle and high doses treatment groups).Excepted the normal group,the kidney damage model of type 2 diabetes mellitus in mice was induced by high-fat and high-sugar diet for one month plus disposable streptozotocin (STZ).The model was successfully constructed and killed after 6 weeks of treatment.A total of 25 mice failed to establish the model.And totally 55 mice were randomly divided into 5 groups with 11 mice in each group.The serum changes of blood urea nitrogen (BUN),serum creatinine (SCr),insulin,inflammatory factors interleukin-1α (IL-1α),interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in each group were detected.The expression of vascular endothelial growth factor and MMP-9 protein in renal tissue were detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blot.Results Compared with the normal group,the levels of blood glucose,insulin,BUN,SCr,IL-1α,IL-6 and TNF-α in the model group were significantly increased (P < 0.05).The above indexes were decreased in positive drug group and aralia saponins treatment groups.The contents of insulin,BUN and SCr in the high dose of aralia saponins group were significantly lower than those parameters in benazepril group (P < 0.05).In addition,the contents of blood glucose,IL-1α,IL-6 and TNF-α in the three dose aralia saponins groups were significantly lower than those parameters in the benazepril group (P < 0.05).Compared with the normal group,the expression level of VEGF protein in the model group was significantly higher (P < 0.05),and the expression level of MMP-9 protein was significantly lower (P < 0.05).Compared with the model group,both benazepril and aralia saponins can reduce VEGF (P < 0.05),increase MMP-9 (P < 0.05).In addition for VEGF and MMP-9,the high dose of aralia saponins group and benazepril group was basically same.Conclusions Aralia saponins can significantly reduce blood glucose,insulin and serum inflammatory factors,while downregnlate VEGF and increase MMP-9 protein levels,thereby protecting the kidneys of diabetic nephropathy mice.

15.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 381-386, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743158

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of aralia total saponins on renal function of type 2 diabetic mice, and its effect on the Bax and Bcl-2 protein in renal tissues, in order to provide some references for the development of aralia total saponins. Methods The mice were divided into the normal group, model group, positive control group, low, medium and high dose aralia total saponins group by random number method. Except the normal group, the others were received with high-fat diet for one month+one-time large dose of streptozotocin (STZ) to induce type 2 diabetic model, and then the mice in the normal group and the model group were intragastrically administered with the same volume of normal saline, and the mice in the positive control group was given 1 mg/kg of benazepril solution, and the low, medium and high dose groups were given 30, 60, 120 mg/kg aralia total saponins. The body weight of 1 ml/kg mice was intragastrically administered once a day. After treatment for 6 weeks they were sacrificed, and the serum insulin, and SOD and MDA levels were measured, the urine creatinine (Cr), urea nitrogen (UN), and uric acid (UA) levels were also measured. The immunohistochemistry and Western blot were used to detect the Bax and Bcl-2 protein expression in kidney tissues. Results Compared with the model group, the blood glucose and insulin resistance index in the low, medium and high doses aralia total saponins group were significantly decreased (P<0.05); the levels of urine UN, Cr and UA significantly decreased (P<0.05); The serum SOD level increased and the MDA level significantly decreased (P<0.05). The average gray value of Bcl-2 increased (92.26 ± 11.36, 107.17 ± 9.26, 132.65 ± 8.45 vs. 56.42 ± 16.24) in kidney tissue. The average gray value of Bax (152.62 ± 9.86, 124.48 ± 10.36, 92.29 ± 10.10 vs. 171.38 ± 15.18) significantly decreased ( P<0.05); Bax protein (0.81 ± 0.06, 0.75 ± 0.07, 0.52 ± 0.09 vs. 2.02 ± 0.09) significantly decreased, but Bcl-2 protein (0.92 ± 0.08, 0.94 ± 0.12, 1.27 ± 0.07 vs. 0.30 ± 0.09) significantly increased (P<0.05). Conclusions The aralia total saponins can reduce blood sugar levels, meanwhile improve renal function in type 2 diabetic mice. The mechanism may be may be that aralia total saponins could improve the antioxidant capacity and inhibition of renal cell apoptosis.

16.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 236-241, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693586

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the protective effect of aralia total saponins on renal injury induced by streptozotocin (STZ) in type 2 diabetic mice, meanwhile to explore its protective mechanism. Methods Fifty male Kunming mice were randomly divided into the normal group, the model group and the aralia total saponins low, middle and high does groups. All the rats were given high fat diet 8 weeks and then received STZ 45 mg/kg to built type 2 diabetic mice model, except the noraml group. After the models establishment,the aralia total saponins low, middle and high does groups were given the aralia total saponins 30, 60, 120 mg/kg treatment, andthe normal group and the model group were given the equal normal saline, once each day. After 4th and 8th week administration, the urinary protein levels of 24 h in each group were detected. After the last treatment, all the mice were sacrificed to detected the changes of blood glucose, insulin and inflammatory related factors. Immunohistochemistry, Western blotting and real-time quantitative PCR were used to observe the expression of TLR2 and TLR2 in the kidney tissue. Results Compared with the model group, the low, middle and high does groups in 24-hour proteinuria, blood glucose, insulin resistance index decreased (P<0.05), the insulin increased(P<0.05). The serum TNF-α (16.66 ± 0.20 ng/L, 14.49 ± 0.27 ng/L, 13.52 ± 0.22 ng/L vs.20.33 ± 0.56 ng/L),IL-1β(0.46 ± 0.04 ng/L,0.44 ± 0.04 ng/L,0.37 ± 0.04 ng/L vs.0.55 ± 0.05 ng/L),NF-κB (28.71 ± 6.14 ng/L, 26.26 ± 5.48 ng/L, 25.69 ± 5.61 ng/L vs. 36.55 ± 8.90 ng/L) significantly decreased (P<0.05).The kidney TLR2 mRNA(1.92 ± 0.18,1.46 ± 0.23,1.28 ± 0.21 vs.2.69 ± 0.22),TLR4 mRNA(2.20 ± 0.19,2.08 ± 0.27,1.57 ± 0.22 vs.2.78 ± 0.23),TLR2 porteins(0.82 ± 0.11,0.52 ± 0.06,0.44 ± 0.07 vs.0.77 ± 0.13),TLR4 proteins(0.52 ± 0.04,0.42 ± 0.09,0.26 ± 0.06 vs.0.86 ± 0.12)significantly decreased(P<0.05). Conclusions The aralia total saponins can significantly reduce the blood glucose, insulin resistance index and 24-hour urinary protein in type 2 diabetic nephropathy of mice, increase the insulin, and analyzing its mechanism may be total saponins can inhibit the expression of TLR2 and TLR4 protein in the kidney, and further reduce the inflammatory response.

17.
Chinese Journal of Nervous and Mental Diseases ; (12): 266-271, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703167

ABSTRACT

Objective The aim of this study was to investigate and analyze the etiology, seizure type and anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) utilization of in-patients with epilepsy Methods The study included 5563 cases in-patients with epilepsy. The etiology and seizure type and the date of type, quantity of AEDs in-patient department were collected and their usage frequency were analyzed statistically. Results The most common etiology of epilepsy was traumatic brain injury(13.64%), followed by hippocampal sclerosis (11.52%), stroke (5.24%), nervous system infection (4.98%), perinatal injury ( 5 . 28 % ) and undefined etiology ( 40 . 80 % ) . The most common seizure type was partial seizures (45.43% ). The AEDs of carbamazepine and valproate were the most common used drugs in the clinical and their average usage frequency were 36.88% and 30.80%, respectively. The newer AEDs of Lamotrigine and Levetiracetam were used more frequently. The use of Lamotrigine increased from 16.16% to 28.44% and the Levetiracetam from 0.61% to 20.87% whereas the use of Oxcarbazepine and Topiramate remained a stable level of 15.07% and 9.42%. Conclusion The etiology of epilepsy is complicated and the seizure type of epilepsy was diverse. Among a great variety of anti-epileptic drugs, the newanti-epileptic drugs are being increasingly used.

18.
Recent Advances in Ophthalmology ; (6): 515-518, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699657

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the reliability of sweep visual evoked potential (SVEP) for assessing the normal objective visual acuity in adult wild-type C57BL/6J mice.Methods A total of 6 wild C57BL/6J mice of either gender at 32-33 days of age were collected.After the mice were anesthetized,the recording electrode (a 2-mm diameter tungsten electrode) was placed at 3 mm lateral to lambda over the left cortex (contralateral to the stimulated right eyes) and advanced to 400 μm within the cortex,and the needle electrodes which placed in the forehead and tail served as the reference and the ground,accordingly.Left eyes (unstimulated eyes) were covered during the recording.The screen (mean luminance 25 cd · m-2) was placed 20 cm in front of the mice,thereby covering 100° (horizontal) × 82° (vertical) of the visual field.The mice were stimulated by vertically sinusoidal grating,which consisted of 11 spatial frequencies,stimulus contrast was 100%,and time frequency was 1 Hz;the entire sweep took 12 seconds (11 spatial frequencies + 1s pre-adaptation),and the values were averaged until the error bars for the data were stable.The VEP waveforms of visual cortex corresponding to the left and right eyes were recorded separately.At least 3-4 trials consisting of 20 events for different frequencies were averaged.Left and right eye were tested alternately.Then the coordinate system was established by using the spatial frequency logarithm as x-axis and the amplitude of the response obtained by the discrete Fourier analysis as y-axis,the objective visual acuity was obtained by extrapolation to zero amplitude of the linear regression through the 4 effective data points adjacent to noise.Results SVEP showed that the amplitude of N100 wave was maximal at a spatial frequency of 0.05 c · deg-1.With the increase of the stimulus spatial frequency progressively,SVEP decreased in amplitude and increased in latency.The cortical electrical signal could not be distinguished from noise at a spatial frequency of 0.65 c · deg-1.The average acuity of 6 mice was (0.56 ± 0.04) c · deg-1 for right eyes and (0.50 ± 0.04)c · deg-1 for left eyes respectively.There was no significant difference between the two eyes(P>0.05);The visual evoked potential acuity of 12 eyes was (0.53 ±0.03)c ·deg-1.Conclusion SVEP could be used to estimate the mouse VEP acuity,which was closed to the behavioral visual acuity.However,the VEP acuity was more objective and accurate as well as time-saving.

19.
Chinese Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 286-289, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620648

ABSTRACT

As is known, H-Y antigens (male specific minor histompatibility antigens) are a group of minor histocompatibility antigens encoded on the Y-chromosome with homologous H-X antigens on the X-chromosome. H-Y antigens were originally discovered as transplant antigens, and they are only expressed in male individuals without specificity for different tissues and organs. A lot of research results show that H-Y antigens play an important role in the sex selection and identification. The paper reviews the above and discusses the application prospect of H-Y antigen in forensic science.

20.
Fudan University Journal of Medical Sciences ; (6): 280-287, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618447

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prognostic value of C5L2 in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods The data of 175 patients with HCC who underwent curative resection at Zhongshan Hospital,Fudan University from Oct.,2012 to Sep.,2013 were analyzed retrospectively.The correlation between C5L2 and clinicopathologic characteristics were explored.COX regression model was used to determine the influence of clinical parameters on predicting recurrence,and the prognostic value of combined application of C5L2 and AFP were evaluated by Kaplan-Meier method.In vitro,the expression of C5L2 were tested in 5 HCC cell lines,and Hep3B and Huh7 were chosen for down-regulation and up-regulation of C5L2,respectively,the abilities of invasion and migration were examined by transwell and the potential mechanism was explored.Results The C5L2 expression was correlated to gender,tumor size and recurrence,and the recurrence rate of low C5L2 expression group was higher.Also,the multivariate analysis showed that C5L2 low expression was an independent risk factor for recurrence.Moreover,the combined application of C5L2 and AFP could estimate prognosis more effectively.Knockdown of C5L2 in Hep3B promoted the invasiveness and motility,and increased the level of β-catenin and MMP2;conversely,overexpression of C5L2 in Huh7 inhibited the invasiveness and motility,and decreased the level of β catenin and MMP2.Conclusions C5L2 could be regarded as an auxiliary indicator for prognosis of HCC,thereby the evaluation of C5L2 could help with making effective and comprehensive management for HCC patients.

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