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1.
Pediatric Infection & Vaccine ; : 33-38, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002703

ABSTRACT

A case of persistent Ralstonia mannitolilytica bacteremia in the neonatal intensive care unit prompted source investigation due to its rarity. After an extensive investigation, a contaminated ultrasonic nebulizer was identified as the source, and the infection was controlled by removing the source. This study emphasizes the importance of further investigations, even in single cases of rare pathogens.

2.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e57-2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915513

ABSTRACT

Background@#Some reports have suggested that the clinical and economic burdens of asthma are associated with blood eosinophil levels. The association between clinical burden and blood eosinophil counts were evaluated in a Korean adult asthma cohort. @*Methods@#Clinical information including blood eosinophil counts that were not affected by systemic corticosteroids were extracted from the Cohort for Reality and Evolution of Adult Asthma in Korea database. Clinical burden was defined as 1) asthma control status, 2) medication demand and 3) acute exacerbation (AE) events during 1 consecutive year after enrollment. All patients were divided into atopic and non-atopic asthmatics. The associations between asthma outcomes and the blood eosinophil count were evaluated. @*Results@#In total, 302 patients (124 atopic and 178 non-atopic asthmatics) were enrolled. In all asthmatics, the risk of severe AE was higher in patients with blood eosinophil levels < 100 cells/µL than in patients with levels ≥ 100 cells/µL (odds ratio [OR], 5.406; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.266–23.078; adjusted P = 0.023). Among atopic asthmatics, the risk of moderate AE was higher in patients with blood eosinophil levels ≥ 300 cells/µL than in patients with levels < 300 cells/µL (OR, 3.558; 95% CI, 1.083–11.686; adjusted P = 0.036). Among non-atopic asthmatics, the risk of medication of Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) steps 4 or 5 was higher in patients with high blood eosinophil levels than in patients with low blood eosinophil levels at cutoffs of 100, 200, 300, 400, and 500 cells/µL. @*Conclusion@#The baseline blood eosinophil count may predict the future clinical burden of asthma.

3.
Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine ; : 199-204, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938132

ABSTRACT

Background@#Myoferlin is a multifunctional protein expressed in various normal and cancer cells, with novel oncogenic roles being newly discovered. Recently, correlations have been found between myoferlin expression and unfavorable prognosis in various carcinomas. This study investigated the prognostic role of myoferlin expression in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), specifically that associated with nodal metastasis. @*Methods@#We collected clinicopathological data and PTC tissues from 116 patients who had been admitted to Gyeongsang National University Hospital in 2010. Immunohistochemical analysis was performed on surgical specimen-derived tissue microarray blocks. Myoferlin expression was graded, and the relationship between expression level and pathological features of tumors based on the American Joint Committee on Cancer staging system was evaluated. @*Results@#Of the 116 patient samples, 100 cases exhibited positive myoferlin expression. Higher grade of myoferlin expression was correlated with lower T category group (p = .010). Presence of lymph node metastasis was determined to be significantly correlated with low-grade myoferlin expression (p = .019), with no significant difference between pN1a and pN1b tumors. @*Conclusions@#Our study revealed an adverse correlation between myoferlin expression and pathological features of PTC, evidence of the potential prognostic role of myoferlin in PTC lymph node metastasis.

4.
Journal of Korean Critical Care Nursing ; (3): 39-49, 2022.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937996

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#: This study investigated coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) related stress, resilience, and organizational commitment, and determined the factors influencing nurses’ organizational commitment at an infectious disease hospital of COVID-19. @*Methods@#: A cross-sectional descriptive survey was conducted with 138 nurses. Data analysis, including descriptive statistics, independent t-tests, one-way ANOVA, Pearson’s correlations, and multiple regression analysis, were performed using SPSS 26.0 program. @*Results@#: Factors influencing organizational commitment included resilience (β=0.31, p<.001), position (β=0.31, p<.001), COVID-19 related stress (β=-0.26, p<.001), and COVID-19 nursing period (β=-0.19, p=.012). These variables explained 29.6% of the organizational commitment. @*Conclusion@#: In order to enhance the organizational commitment of nurses in infectious disease hospitals of COVID-19, active program development and intervention are required at the organizational level to improve nurses’ resilience and relieve stress related to nursing infectious disease patients.

5.
Journal of Korean Critical Care Nursing ; (3): 50-61, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915349

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#: This study aimed to identify the moderating and mediating effects of resilience on the relationship between role conflict and job satisfaction among nurses working in a comprehensive nursing care service ward. @*Methods@#: Participants were 130 comprehensive nursing care service ward nurses from four hospitals. Data were collected using structured questionnaires and analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, Scheffé test, Pearson correlation coefficients, and hierarchical multiple regression analysis, using SPSS 25.0. The mediating effect of resilience on the relationship between role conflict and job satisfaction was analyzed using multiple regression analysis according to Baron and Kenny’s procedure. @*Results@#: Statistically significant negative correlations were found between role conflict and resilience (r=-.25, p<.007) and between role conflict and job satisfaction (r=-.38, p<.001). A significant positive correlation was found between resilience and job satisfaction (r=.54, p<.001). A partial mediating effect of resilience was found between role conflict and job satisfaction (Z=-2.53, p=.012) but no moderating effect was found. @*Conclusion@#: To improve the job satisfaction of comprehensive nursing care service ward nurses, interventions for alleviating role conflict and improving resilience as well as evaluations of the two variables are necessary.

6.
Journal of the Korean Neurological Association ; : 197-201, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900900

ABSTRACT

We report herein a 78-year-old woman with insidiously progressive cognitive impairment and asymmetric amyloid deposition and neurodegeneration. Brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed remarkable atrophy in the right-sided temporal lobe and hippocampus. Early dynamic 18F-flutemetamol brain amyloid positron-emission tomography images showed decreased uptake in the right temporoparietal regions. Delayed images revealed amyloid deposition which was most remarkable in the right frontotemporoparietal regions. Asymmetries of amyloid burden and neuronal dysfunction are positively correlated in Alzheimer’s disease in cortical regions with high amyloid load.

7.
Journal of the Korean Neurological Association ; : 214-218, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900896

ABSTRACT

We report a 61-year-old woman with clinical course for Alzheimer’s disease (AD) dementia and discordant amyloid-β positron-emission tomography (PET) and cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers. Brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed remarkable atrophy in the hippocampus. However, repeated delayed 18F-flutemetamol brain amyloid PET images with 1 year-interval revealed no amyloid deposition, whereas her CSF revealed low Aβ42, high total tau and p-tau181. This discordant amyloid-β PET and CSF biomarkers in this early-onset AD dementia might be associated with her low resilience or mixed pathology.

8.
Journal of the Korean Neurological Association ; : 197-201, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893196

ABSTRACT

We report herein a 78-year-old woman with insidiously progressive cognitive impairment and asymmetric amyloid deposition and neurodegeneration. Brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed remarkable atrophy in the right-sided temporal lobe and hippocampus. Early dynamic 18F-flutemetamol brain amyloid positron-emission tomography images showed decreased uptake in the right temporoparietal regions. Delayed images revealed amyloid deposition which was most remarkable in the right frontotemporoparietal regions. Asymmetries of amyloid burden and neuronal dysfunction are positively correlated in Alzheimer’s disease in cortical regions with high amyloid load.

9.
Journal of the Korean Neurological Association ; : 214-218, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893192

ABSTRACT

We report a 61-year-old woman with clinical course for Alzheimer’s disease (AD) dementia and discordant amyloid-β positron-emission tomography (PET) and cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers. Brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed remarkable atrophy in the hippocampus. However, repeated delayed 18F-flutemetamol brain amyloid PET images with 1 year-interval revealed no amyloid deposition, whereas her CSF revealed low Aβ42, high total tau and p-tau181. This discordant amyloid-β PET and CSF biomarkers in this early-onset AD dementia might be associated with her low resilience or mixed pathology.

10.
Journal of Korean Critical Care Nursing ; (3): 1-13, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874733

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#: Based on Quint’s theory and the relevant literature, this study constructed a structural equation model for explaining and predicting end-of-life care performance in clinical nurses. @*Methods@#: A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data from 265 nurses between September 1 and September 30, 2016. The data were analyzed using SPSS ver. 21 and AMOS ver. 21. @*Results@#: The goodness of fit of the modified model was found to be relatively satisfactory (χ2=114.82, Nomed χ2(χ2/df)=2.44, SRMR=.06, GFI=.94, AGFI=.89, CFI=.95, TLI=.91, RMSEA=.07). End-of-life care performance was affected by the attitudes toward nursing care of the dying, working unit, and death anxiety. The attitudes toward such care had the highest effect on end-of-life care performance. @*Conclusion@#: The results suggest that end-of-life care performance is directly and indirectly affected by attitudes toward nursing care of the dying, participation in end-of-life care education, working unit, death perception, and death anxiety. To improve clinical nurses’ end-of-life care performance, effective programs to promote death anxiety and attitudes toward nursing care of the dying need to be developed. In addition, hospital nursing organizations should attempt to produce concrete measures for death anxiety and terminal care attitudes in clinical nurses.

11.
Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research ; : 563-578, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888911

ABSTRACT

Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is defined as the occurrence of spontaneous wheals, angioedema, or both for >6 weeks in the absence of specific causes. It is a common condition associated with substantial disease burden both for affected individuals and societies in many countries, including Korea. CSU frequently persists for several years and requires high-intensity treatment; therefore, patients experience deteriorations in quality of life and medication-associated complications. During the last decade, there have been major advances in the pharmacological treatment of CSU and there is an outstanding need for evidence-based guidelines that reflect clinical practice in Korea. The guidelines reported here represent a joint initiative of the Korean Academy of Asthma, Allergy and Clinical Immunology and the Korean Dermatological Association, and aim to provide evidence-based guidance for the management of CSU in Korean adults and children. In Part 1, disease definition, guideline scope and development methodology as well as evidence-based recommendations on the use of antihistamines and corticosteroids are summarized.

12.
Allergy, Asthma & Respiratory Disease ; : 227-230, 2020.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913288

ABSTRACT

Bee pollen is a mixture of pollen, nectar collected by honeybees, and digestive enzymes secreted from honeybees, which is consumed as a dietary supplement. We experienced a case of anaphylaxis after ingestion of bee pollen in a patient with seasonal allergic rhinitis and oral allergy syndrome caused by watermelons, Korean melons, peaches, and plums. The skin prick test was positive for bee pollen, dandelion, ragweed, and mugwort, and specific IgE to honeybee venom was negative. According to the literature, bee pollen causing systemic allergic reactions mainly consists of the plant family Compositae, including dandelion, ragweed, and mugwort. Thus, ingestion of bee pollen should be closely monitored in patients with allergic rhinitis worsening in autumn, especially those with oral allergy syndrome for foods that cross-react with weed pollen.

13.
Allergy, Asthma & Respiratory Disease ; : 119-126, 2020.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913281

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Although basophils are major effector cells involved in asthma, their pathophysiological role in asthma remains uncertain. In this study, we investigated the relationship between blood basophils, clinical features in asthmatics, and cytokines in exhaled breath condensate (EBC) which could be noninvasively obtained. @*Methods@#A total of 13 adult asthmatics were prospectively enrolled. We obtained information on demographics, asthma control levels, history of acute exacerbation as well as the asthma control test and Quality of Life Questionnaire for Adult Korean Asthmatics (QLQAKA) scores. Peripheral blood and EBC samples were collected, and pulmonary function test was also performed. The association between blood basophil count and clinical feature and severity of asthma or inflammatory cytokines in EBC was analyzed. @*Results@#The percentage of blood basophils was positively correlated with that of blood eosinophils (Spearman r=0.665, P=0.013). The number of acute exacerbations was significantly larger (1.2±0.6 vs. 5.3±5.8, P=0.049) in the group with blood basophils ≥50 cells/μL, while the QLQAKA score was lower (68.8±7.9 vs. 49.0±12.0, P=0.028). There were no significant differences in age, atopy status, smoking history, and forced expiratory volume in 1 second according to blood basophil count. Blood basophil count was positively correlated with interleukin-33 (IL-33) (r=0.651, P=0.016) and IL-17 (r=0.732, P=0.004) in EBC. @*Conclusion@#Blood basophils may be associated with frequent asthma exacerbations and lower quality of life due to asthma. IL-33 and IL-17 may be the key mediators that stimulate basophils to participate in the pathogenesis of asthma.

14.
Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research ; : 563-578, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896615

ABSTRACT

Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is defined as the occurrence of spontaneous wheals, angioedema, or both for >6 weeks in the absence of specific causes. It is a common condition associated with substantial disease burden both for affected individuals and societies in many countries, including Korea. CSU frequently persists for several years and requires high-intensity treatment; therefore, patients experience deteriorations in quality of life and medication-associated complications. During the last decade, there have been major advances in the pharmacological treatment of CSU and there is an outstanding need for evidence-based guidelines that reflect clinical practice in Korea. The guidelines reported here represent a joint initiative of the Korean Academy of Asthma, Allergy and Clinical Immunology and the Korean Dermatological Association, and aim to provide evidence-based guidance for the management of CSU in Korean adults and children. In Part 1, disease definition, guideline scope and development methodology as well as evidence-based recommendations on the use of antihistamines and corticosteroids are summarized.

15.
Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine ; : 13-22, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741213

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: S100A8 and S100A9 have been gaining recognition for modulating tumor growthand metastasis. This study aimed at evaluating the clinical significance of S100A8 and S100A9 innon-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: We analyzed the relationship between S100A8and S100A9 expressions, clinicopathological characteristics, and prognostic significance in tumorcells and peritumoral inflammatory cells. RESULTS: The positive staining of S100A8 in tumorcells was significantly increased in male (p < .001), smoker (p = .034), surgical method other thanlobectomy (p = .024), squamous cell carcinoma (SQCC) (p < .001) and higher TNM stage (p = .022)compared with female, non-smoker, lobectomy, adenocarcinoma (ADC), and lower stage. Theproportion of tumor cells stained for S100A8 was related to histologic type (p < .001) and patientsex (p = .027). The proportion of inflammatory cells stained for S100A8 was correlated with patientage (p = .022), whereas the proportion of inflammatory cells stained for S100A9 was correlatedwith patient sex (p < .001) and smoking history (p = .031). Moreover, positive staining in tumorcells, more than 50% of the tumor cells stained and less than 30% of the inflammatory cellsstained for S100A8 and S100A9 suggested a tendency towards increased survivability in SQCCbut towards decreased survivability in ADC. CONCLUSIONS: S100A8 and S100A9 expressions might be potential prognostic markers in patients with NSCLC.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Adenocarcinoma , Calgranulin B , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Lung Neoplasms , Lung , Methods , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prognosis , Smoke , Smoking
16.
Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research ; : 43-54, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719513

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Although mild to moderate asthma is much more common, the morbidity and mortality of severe asthma are much higher. This study was performed to identify and analyze the clinical characteristics of severe asthma in Korea. METHODS: We registered patients with severe refractory asthma into the Severe Asthma Registry supported by the Severe Asthma Work Group of the Korean Academy of Asthma, Allergy and Clinical Immunology. Patients were enrolled since 2010 from the 15 university hospitals nationwide in Korea. Severe asthma was defined according to modified European Respiratory Society/American Thoracic Society criteria. Information on demographics, medical history, pulmonary function tests and skin prick tests was collected; the clinical characteristics of severe asthmatics were analyzed from the collected data. RESULTS: A total of 489 patients were enrolled with a mean age of 62.3; 45% are male. Sixty percent of patients received Global Initiative for Asthma step 4 treatment, and 30% received step 5 treatment. The most common comorbidities were allergic rhinitis (58.7%). Aspirin hypersensitivity was observed in 14.0%. Approximately half (53.9%) are non-smokers. Atopy was proven in 38.5% of the patients. Regarding asthma medications, inhaled corticosteroids and long-acting β-agonist combination inhalers were most commonly prescribed (96.5%), followed by leukotriene antagonists (71.0%). A recombinant anti-immunoglobulin E monoclonal antibody (omalizumab) has been used in 1.8% of the patients. The mean forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) and FEV1/FVC were 78.7%, 67.5% and 67.9% of predicted values, respectively. The mean Asthma Control Test and quality of life questionnaire scores were 16.5 out of 25 and 59.5 out of 85, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The baseline characteristics of severe asthma patients in the Korea Severe Asthma Registry were analyzed and reported for the first time. With this cohort, further prospective studies should be performed to search for ways to improve management of severe refractory asthma.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Allergy and Immunology , Aspirin , Asthma , Cohort Studies , Comorbidity , Demography , Forced Expiratory Volume , Hospitals, University , Hypersensitivity , Korea , Leukotriene Antagonists , Mortality , Nebulizers and Vaporizers , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Respiratory Function Tests , Rhinitis, Allergic , Skin , Vital Capacity
17.
Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research ; : 795-805, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762170

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Asthma is a common disease that is expensive and burdensome for patients. Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) are the most important drugs for asthma treatment and are often prescribed long-term. However, the use of ICS has been reported to increase pneumonia, though this remains controversial. We evaluated whether the use of ICS increases the risk of pneumonia in asthmatic patients using the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service (HIRA) database in Korea. METHODS: The Asthma Management Adequacy Assessment was performed by the HIRA in Korea. Patients with claimed insurance benefits for asthma disease codes and who were prescribed asthma medications more than 2 times were enrolled. Patient demographics, asthma medications, healthcare use, and complications were analyzed. RESULTS: The total number of asthma patients was 831,613. Patients using ICS were older and had more comorbidities than those not using ICS; they also visited outpatient clinics and emergency departments, and were more often hospitalized. Pneumonia and other complications occurred more often in patients using ICS, and they used more respiratory medications, except for theophylline. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that ICS prescription was associated with pneumonia (odds ratio, 1.38; 95% confidence interval, 1.36-1.41). Age, sex, medical care, use of secondary and tertiary hospitals, and hospitalization due to asthma in the previous year were also associated with pneumonia. CONCLUSIONS: ICS use was associated with increasing pneumonia in asthmatic patients in Korea. Therefore, it is critical to acknowledge that the use of ICS may increase the risk of pneumonia and should be meticulously monitored in asthmatics.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Ambulatory Care Facilities , Asthma , Comorbidity , Delivery of Health Care , Demography , Emergency Service, Hospital , Hospitalization , Insurance Benefits , Insurance, Health , Korea , Logistic Models , Pneumonia , Prescriptions , Steroids , Tertiary Care Centers , Theophylline
18.
Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research ; : 622-631, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762159

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Recent evidence suggests that cough hypersensitivity may be a common feature of chronic cough in adults. However, the clinical relevance remains unclear. This study evaluated the cough-related symptom profile and the clinical relevance and impact of cough hypersensitivity in adults with chronic cough. METHODS: This cross-sectional multi-center study compared cough-related laryngeal sensations and cough triggers in patients with unexplained chronic cough following investigations and in unselected patients newly referred for chronic cough. A structured questionnaire was used to assess abnormal laryngeal sensations and cough triggers. Patients with unexplained cough were also evaluated using the Leicester Cough Questionnaire (LCQ) and a cough visual analogue scale (VAS), and these scores were assessed for correlations with the number of triggers and laryngeal sensations. RESULTS: This study recruited 478 patients, including 62 with unexplained chronic cough and 416 with chronic cough. Most participants reported abnormal laryngeal sensations and cough triggers. Laryngeal sensations (4.4 ± 1.5 vs. 3.9 ± 1.9; P = 0.049) and cough triggers (6.9 ± 2.6 vs. 5.0 ± 2.8; P < 0.001) were more frequent in patients with unexplained chronic cough than in those with chronic cough. The number of triggers and laryngeal sensations score significantly correlated with LCQ (r = −0.51, P < 0.001) and cough VAS score (r = 0.53, P < 0.001) in patients with unexplained chronic cough. CONCLUSIONS: Cough hypersensitivity may be a common feature in adult patients with chronic cough, especially those with unexplained chronic cough. Cough-related health status and cough severity were inversely associated with the number of triggers and laryngeal sensations, suggesting potential relevance of assessing cough hypersensitivity in chronic cough patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Cough , Hypersensitivity , Sensation , Symptom Assessment
19.
Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research ; : 709-722, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762152

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Severe cutaneous adverse reactions (SCARs), including Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS), toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), and drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) to antiepileptic drug (AED), are rare, but result in significant morbidity and mortality. We investigated the major culprit drugs, clinical characteristics, and clinical course and outcomes of AED-induced SCARs using a nationwide registry in Korea. METHODS: A total of 161 patients with AED-induced SCARs from 28 referral hospitals were analyzed. The causative AEDs, clinical characteristics, organ involvements, details of treatment, and outcomes were evaluated. We compared the clinical and laboratory parameters between SJS/TEN and DRESS according to the leading causative drugs. We further determined risk factors for prolonged hospitalization in AED-induced SCARs. RESULTS: Carbamazepine and lamotrigine were the most common culprit drugs causing SCARs. Valproic acid and levetiracetam also emerged as the major causative agents. The disease duration and hospital stay in carbamazepine-induced SJS/TEN were shorter than those in other AEDs (P< 0.05, respectively). In younger patients, lamotrigine caused higher incidences of DRESS than other drugs (P= 0.045). Carbamazepine, the most common culprit drug for SCARs, was associated with a favorable outcome related with prolonged hospitalization in SJS (odds ratio, 0.12; 95% confidence interval, 0.02-0.63, P= 0.12), and thrombocytopenia was found to be a risk factor for prolonged hospitalization in DRESS. CONCLUSION: This was the first large-scale epidemiological study of AED-induced SCARs in Korea. Valproic acid and levetiracetam were the significant emerging AEDs causing SCARs in addition to the well-known offending AEDs such as carbamazepine and lamotrigine. Carbamazepine was associated with reduced hospitalization, but thrombocytopenia was a risk factor for prolonged hospitalization. Our results suggest that the clinical characteristics and clinical courses of AED-induced SCARs might vary according to the individual AEDs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anticonvulsants , Carbamazepine , Cicatrix , Drug Hypersensitivity Syndrome , Epidemiologic Studies , Hospitalization , Incidence , Korea , Length of Stay , Mortality , Referral and Consultation , Risk Factors , Stevens-Johnson Syndrome , Thrombocytopenia , Valproic Acid
20.
Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research ; : 212-221, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739400

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are common cause of severe cutaneous adverse reactions (SCARs). The present study aimed to investigate the characteristics of SCARs induced by NSAIDs in the Korean SCAR registry. METHODS: A retrospective survey of NSAID-induced SCARs recorded between 2010 and 2015 at 27 university hospitals in Korea was conducted. Clinical phenotypes of SCARs were classified into Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS), toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), SJS-TEN overlap syndrome and drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS). Causative NSAIDs were classified into 7 groups according to their chemical properties: acetaminophen, and propionic, acetic, salicylic, fenamic and enolic acids. RESULTS: A total of 170 SCARs, consisting of 85 SJS, 32 TEN, 17 SJS-TEN overlap syndrome and 36 DRESS reactions, were induced by NSAIDs: propionic acids (n=68), acetaminophen (n=38), acetic acids (n=23), salicylic acids (n=16), coxibs (n=8), fenamic acids (n=7), enolic acids (n=5) and unclassified (n=5). Acetic acids (22%) and coxibs (14%) accounted for higher portions of DRESS than other SCARs. The phenotypes of SCARs induced by both propionic and salicylic acids were similar (SJS, TEN and DRESS, in order). Acetaminophen was primarily associated with SJS (27%) and was less involved in TEN (10%). DRESS occurred more readily among subjects experiencing coxib-induced SCARs than other NSAID-induced SCARs (62.5% vs. 19.7%, P = 0.013). The mean time to symptom onset was longer in DRESS than in SJS or TEN (19.1 ± 4.1 vs. 6.8 ±1.5 vs. 12.1 ± 3.8 days). SCARs caused by propionic salicylic acids showed longer latency, whereas acetaminophen- and acetic acid-induced SCARs appeared within shorter intervals. CONCLUSIONS: The present study indicates that the phenotypes of SCARs may differ according to the chemical classifications of NSAIDs. To establish the mechanisms and incidences of NSAID-induced SCARs, further prospective studies are needed.


Subject(s)
Acetaminophen , Acetates , Acetic Acid , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Cicatrix , Classification , Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors , Diethylpropion , Drug Hypersensitivity , Drug Hypersensitivity Syndrome , Hospitals, University , Incidence , Korea , Phenotype , Propionates , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Salicylates , Salicylic Acid , Stevens-Johnson Syndrome
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