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1.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 459-466, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939879

ABSTRACT

Whether Fanconi anemia (FA) heterozygotes are predisposed to bone marrow failure and hematologic neoplasm is a crucial but unsettled issue in cancer prevention and family consulting. We retrospectively analyzed rare possibly significant variations (PSVs) in the five most obligated FA genes, BRCA2, FANCA, FANCC, FANCD2, and FANCG, in 788 patients with aplastic anemia (AA) and hematologic malignancy. Sixty-eight variants were identified in 66 patients (8.38%). FANCA was the most frequently mutated gene (n = 29), followed by BRCA2 (n = 20). Compared with that of the ExAC East Asian dataset, the overall frequency of rare PSVs was higher in our cohort (P = 0.016). BRCA2 PSVs showed higher frequency in acute lymphocytic leukemia (P = 0.038), and FANCA PSVs were significantly enriched in AA and AML subgroups (P = 0.020; P = 0.008). FA-PSV-positive MDS/AML patients had a higher tumor mutation burden, higher rate of cytogenetic abnormalities, less epigenetic regulation, and fewer spliceosome gene mutations than those of FA-PSV-negative MDS/AML patients (P = 0.024, P = 0.029, P = 0.024, and P = 0.013). The overall PSV enrichment in our cohort suggests that heterozygous mutations of FA genes contribute to hematopoietic failure and leukemogenesis.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Aplastic/genetics , Epigenesis, Genetic , Fanconi Anemia/genetics , Germ Cells , Hematologic Neoplasms/genetics , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Retrospective Studies
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879584

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect fusion gene with pathological significance in a patient with refractory and relapsed acute B cell lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) and to explore its laboratory and clinical characteristics.@*METHODS@#Transcriptome sequencing was used to detect potential fusion transcripts. Other laboratory results and clinical data of the patient were also analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The patient was found to harbor TCF3 exon 17-ZNF384 exon 7 in-frame fusion transcript. The minimal residual disease (MRD) has remained positive after multiple chemotherapy protocols including CD19-, CD22- targeted chimeric antigen receptor T cells immunotherapy. The patient eventually achieved complete remission and sustained MRD negativity after allogeneic hemopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).@*CONCLUSION@#Transcriptome sequencing can effectively detect potential fusion genes with clinical significance in leukemia. TCF3-ZNF384 positive B-ALL has unique laboratory and clinical characteristics, may not well respond to chemotherapy and immunotherapy, and is more likely to relapse. Timely allo-HSCT treatment may help such patients to achieve long-term disease-free survival. TCF3-ZNF384 positive B-ALL is not uncommon in pediatric patients but has not been effectively identified.


Subject(s)
B-Lymphocytes , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/genetics , Child , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Laboratories , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Trans-Activators/genetics , Transcriptome
3.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 326-330, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862848

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the infection spectrum revealed by metagenomics high-throughput next-generation sequencing (mNGS), and to provide a reference for infection diagnosis after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).Methods:A total of 64 patients who developed systemic or local infection symptoms after allo-HSCT in Hebei Yanda Lu Daopei Hospital from January 2018 to November 2018 were enrolled. Gene sequences of pathogenic microorganisms in blood, cerebrospinal fluid and bronchoalveolar fluid specimens were detected by using mNGS. The pathogenic microorganisms or suspected pathogens were determined based on the clinical manifestations of patients.Results:There were 97 samples of mNGS detection for 64 patients who underwent allo-HSCT. The most common gram-positive bacteria were staphylococcus haemolyticus (19 times) and staphylococcus (14 times), and the most common gram-negative bacterium was acinetobacter baumannii (8 times). The most common viruses were cytomegalovirus, EB virus and Torque teno virus (35, 22 and 23 times, respectively), and the most common fungi were malassezia globus (14 times) and candida parapsilosis (8 times). There were 3 mycobacterium tuberculosis complexes detected in 3 patients with acute myeloid leukemia who received allo-HSCT. Mycoplasma orale was detected in one patient's sputum, and none parasite was detected.Conclusion:mNGS can comprehensively reveal the infection spectrum of hematologic diseases after allo-HSCT, especially for pathogenic microorganisms that are rare or difficult to cultivate, and it can effectively help the diagnosis of clinically infectious pathogens.

4.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 219-222, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751385

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical and molecular biological characteristics of mixed_phenotypic acute leukemia (MPAL) with SET_NUP214 fusion gene positive and extramedullary infiltration. Methods The clinical characteristics, diagnosis and treatment of one MPAL patient with SET_NUP214 and extramedullary infiltration who was admitted to Hebei Yanda Ludaopei Hospital in November 2017 were analyzed, and the literature was reviewed. Results The patient was diagnosed as MPAL with extramedullary infiltration. Gene detection found SET exon7_NUP214 exon17 fusion positive accompanied with PHF6, SRSF2 and NRAS mutations. After intensive chemotherapy, the patient achieved complete remission, and then received hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), followed by early extramedullary relapse after transplantation, and achieved secondary remission after consolidation chemotherapy. Conclusions MPAL with SET_NUP214 fusion gene positive and extramedullary infiltration has a poor prognosis, and it is easy to relapse. Currently, HSCT is the best available treatment strategy for such patients.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744023

ABSTRACT

Chemokines are a family of cytokines that induce leukocyte recruitment in inflammation and immune responses.Studies have confirmed that chemokines are associated with retinal vein occlusion (RVO),such as high expression of interleukin-8 (IL-8),monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) and macrophage inflammatory protein-1 (MIP-1) in the eyes of RVO.Some chemokines,such as MCP-1 and IL-8 can aggravate macular edema and retinal ischemia in patients with RVO.For the treatment of RVO,the application of triamcinolone acetonide (TA) and anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) drugs has also been proved to inhibit the expression of some chemokines in the eyes,and the therapeutic effect is correlated with the level of initial chemokines.This article will introduce the research progress on the correlation between chemokines and RVO from the above aspects.

6.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 734-738, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800710

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the application of metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) in detection of the rare or difficult-to-cultivate pathogens.@*Methods@#One patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia who went through allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) developed symptoms of infection after transplantation. Conventional microbial culture, polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and mNGS combined with biological information analysis were performed with plasma and cerebrospinal fluid samples, the anti-infective treatment was adjusted according to the test results, and the efficacy was assessed.@*Results@#No suspected pathogens were detected by microbial culture and PCR in the cerebrospinal fluid and plasma samples since the patient developed infection symptoms. However, Legionella pneumophila was analyzed by mNGS in the cerebrospinal fluid specimen on day 23 after allo-HSCT (reads count: 19 655), and it was considered as the principal pathogen after comprehensively evaluating the patient's clinical manifestations and the test results. Then the antimicrobial treatments were adjusted according to the patient's clinical manifestations and laboratory test results, and the number of gene sequences of Legionella pneumophila was monitored by mNGS method. Azithromycin, tigecycline, and other antibiotics effective for Legionella pneumophila were used after detecting this pathogen. A total of 15 mNGS analysis were performed during the 5-month period, and the highest number of Legionella pneumophila sequences monitored in the cerebrospinal fluid was 2 226, the lowest was 253 and eventually turned negative. The clinical symptoms and treatment outcomes were consistent with the mNGS monitoring results.@*Conclusions@#The mNGS technology has significant value in detection of the rare and difficult-to-cultivate pathogens. The mNGS technology provides a valuable supplement to microbial culture and PCR methods.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805911

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the clinical characteristics of children with adenovirus pneumonia and provide evidence for clinical diagnosis and treatment timely.@*Method@#This retrospective study included 89 children who were confirmed to have adenovirus pneumonia in hospital from January 2015 to December 2016. All the immunofluorescence test result of the 89 children showed that the exfoliated nasopharyngeal cells from the 89 children were all adenovirus antigen positive. All the severe type children reached the diagnostic criteria of severe pneumonia by the respiratory group in the society of pediatrics, Chinese Medical Association. The children were divided into 2 groups (severe type group and common type group). Different factors such as epidemiologic feature, clinical manifestation, laboratory examination and imaging data were analyzed.@*Results@#Among the 89 pediatric patients, the male to female ratio was 1.5∶1. The ages ranged from 1 month to 14 years. Children under 5 years of age accounted for 96.6%(86/89). The incidence was 37.1%(33/89)in winter and 30.3%(27/89)in spring. The lengths of hospital stay were 3-48 days and the median length of stay was 8.25±4.75 days. All of these 89 cases had fever and cough. The proportion of severe adenovirus pneumonia was high among male, under 2 years of age, those with dyspnea, hepatosplenomegaly, tachycardia, leukocytosis, elevated C-reactive protein (CRP), PCT, myocardial enzymes, electrocardiogram abnormality and cluster shadow in chest CT. Differences were statistically significant (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#Special attention should be paid to the male children under the 2 years of age with abnormal related indicators to consider severe adenovirus pneumonia. Early detection and treatment are the key to improve treatment and reduce death.

8.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 195-200, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808387

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the predictive and prognostic significance of high-sensitivity modified Glasgow Prognostic Score (HS-mGPS) on the effect of neoadjuvant chemotherapy for advanced gastric cancer.@*Methods@#117 patients with advanced gastric cancer received neoadjuvant chemotherapy with SOX (oxaliplatin+ S1) or mFOLFOX 6(oxaliplatin+ CF+ 5-FU) regimen. HS-mGPS was calculated according to blood C-reactive protein (CRP) concentration and serum albumin (ALB) level. The correlation between HS-mGPS and clinicopathological characteristics was determined and the predictors of survival were analyzed.@*Results@#117 patients with stage ⅡB (43 cases), stage Ⅲ (60), and stage Ⅳ (14) received preoperative neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The overall response rate of neoadjuvant chemotherapy was 61.5%(72/117), and the tumor control rate was 88.0% (103/117), with a pathological response rate of 91.5% (107/117). The R0 resection rate was 81.2% (95/117). The median disease-free survival (DFS) was 21.0 (95% CI 6.4-35.6) months. The median overall survival (OS) was 39.0 (95% CI 21.4-56.6) months. Higher HS-mGPS was associated with higher T stage, local lymph-node metastasis, distant metastasis, lower chemotherapy overall response rate and lower pathological response rate (all P<0.05). The univariate analysis and multivariate analysis showed that higher HS-mGPS, presence of local lymph-node metastasis and non R0 resection were associated with poorer DFS and OS (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#HS-mGPS can be used to predict the benefits of neoadjuvant chemotherapy and as an independent prognostic factor for survival in patients with advanced gastric cancer.

9.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2017; 30 (4[Supp.]): 1491-1496
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-188870

ABSTRACT

This paper aims to determine the expression and clinical significance of DDX43 in lung adenocarcinoma. Expression of DDX43 gene and protein of lung adenocarcinoma tissue and para-carcinoma tissues was observed in 27 cases by RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry. These patients were diagnosed as lung adenocarcinoma in the Huaihe Hospital of Henan University from February 2015 to December 2015. The relative ratio of DDX43 mRNA expression in lung adenocarcinoma and para-carcinoma tissues was 0.87+/- 0.62 versus 0.21+/- 0.77 and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant [P<0.01]. The expression of DDX43 in normal lung tissues and lung adenocarcinoma tissues was different. The positive rate of DDX43 expression in lung adenocarcinoma tissues was significantly higher than that in normal lung tissues, and the difference was statistically significant [P<0.05]. The analysis of clinical pathological characteristics showed that the increase of protein expression was related to the stage and metastasis of lung adenocarcinoma. DDX43 is highly expressed in lung adenocarcinoma, and the expression level is related to the stage and metastasis of lung adenocarcinoma, suggesting that DDX43 is closely related to the occurrence and development of lung adenocarcinoma, and may be a molecular marker for early diagnosis of lung adenocarcinoma

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341577

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the prognosis and predictive values of preoperative Glasgow prognostic score (GPS) for adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction(AEG) patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective study of 322 AEG patients who received operation between January 2007 and March 2010 in Henan Provincial People's Hospital was performed. Clinical data, pathological characteristics, laboratory parameters and survival data were collected. The GPS was calculated based on C-reactive protein(CRP) and serum albumin(ALB) levels. Univariate and multivariate analysis were used to evaluate the prognostic value of GPS.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among 322 patients, 0, 1, 2 of GPS were 192, 104 and 26 patients respectively. The median follow-up was 37 (4-73) months. In Kaplan-Meier analysis, median diseases-free survival (DFS) of GPS 0, 1, 2 was 47.0 (95% CI: 31.6-62.4), 15.0 (95% CI: 11.8-8.2) and 4.7 (95% CI: 3.8-5.6) months (P<0.01), and median overall survival (OS) was out of reach, 20.6 (95% CI: 15.8-25.4) and 7.0 (95% CI: 5.8-8.2) months (P<0.01). Univariate and multivariate analysis revealed that GPS was an independent predictor of DFS (P<0.01) and OS (P<0.01) of AEG.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>GPS is an effective predictor of survival in AEG.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , C-Reactive Protein , Disease-Free Survival , Esophageal Neoplasms , Esophagogastric Junction , Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508554

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the anti-tumor activity and antioxidant activity of ethanol extracts of F.veluties and A.auricula.Methods Three human carcinoma cell lines, including MCF-7, HeLa and A375 were assessed by MTT assay to measure cell viability.The antioxidant activity was detected with a DPPH and RFAP assays.Results Two domestic fungus have different anti-tumor activity on the inhibition of MCF-7, HeLa and A375 cells at 25-400μg/mL concentration rage.F.velutipes was better than the A.auricula.The difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05 ).Compared with the control group, the inhibition of F.velutipes were 48.20%, 52.61%and 50.58%at the concentration of 400μg/mL, respectively (P<0.01).At the same concentration, the inhibition of A.auricula were 37.62%、50.21%and 41.59%, respectively (P<0.01).The ethanol extracts of two domestic fungus have significant antioxidant activity.F.velutipes was better than the A.auricula.The difference was statistically significant ( P<0.01 ).Compared with the control group, the scavenging radical capacities on DPPH of ethanol extracts of F.velutipes and A.auricula were 60.30%and 40.43%at the concentration of 1.6 mg/mL, respectively (P<0.01).At the same concentration FRAP value were 9.5 and 7.0 mmol/mL(P<0.01).Conclusion The F.velutipes and A.auricula both have strong anti-tumor and antioxidant activities, F.velutipes is better than A.auricula.

12.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 885-889, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304481

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the differences in sensitivity to rapamycin of five esophageal squamous cell carcinoma cell lines with different differentiation and the changes of sensitivity of the cells after siRNA-interfered expression of p70S6K.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Effects of rapamycin on proliferation of ESCC cell lines with different differentiation, EC9706, TE-1, Eca109, KYSE790 and KYSE450 cells, were investigated using cell counting kit 8 (CCK-8) assay, and according to the above results, the EC9706 cells non-sensitive to rapamycin were chosen to be transfected with p70S6K-siRNA. The changes in sensitivity of cells to rapamycin were measured in vitro and in vivo using CCK-8 kit, flow cytometry and tumor formation in nude mice.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>CCK-8 results showed that all the five cell line cells were sensitive to low concentration of rapamycin (<100 nmol/L), but TE-1 and EC9706 cells, which were with poor differentiation, showed resistance to high concentration of rapamycin. After EC9706 cells were treated with 50, 100, 200, 500 and 1 000 nmol/L rapamycin and p70S6K-siRNA, the proliferation rates of EC9706 cells were (48.67 ± 1.68)%, (15.45 ± 1.54)%, (14.00 ± 0.91)%, (10.97 ± 0.72)% and (2.70 ± 0.32)%, respectively, and were significantly lower than that of cells treated with 50, 100, 200, 500 and 1 000 nmol/L rapamycin and control siRNA [(74.53 ± 1.71)%, (68.27 ± 1.35)%, (71.74 ± 2.44)%, (76.23 ± 1.02)% and (80.21 ± 2.77)%] (P<0.05 for all). The results of flow cytometry showed that the ratios of cells in G1 phase of the p70S6K-siRNA, rapamycin and p70S6K-siRNA+ rapamycin groups were (53.82 ± 1.78)%, (57.87 ± 4.01)% and (73.73 ± 3.68)%, respectively, significantly higher than that in the control group (46.09 ± 2.31)% (P<0.05 for all). The results of tumor formation test in vivo showed that the inhibitory effect of rapamycin on tumor growth was stronger after the cells were transfected with p70S6K-siRNA, and the inhibition rate was 96.5%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>ESCC cells with different differentiation have different sensitivity to rapamycin, and p70S6K-siRNA can improve the sensitivity of cells to rapamycin in vitro and in vivo.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic , Pharmacology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Pathology , Cell Differentiation , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Esophageal Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Pathology , Humans , Mice , Mice, Nude , RNA, Small Interfering , Ribosomal Protein S6 Kinases, 70-kDa , Genetics , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Sirolimus , Pharmacology , Transfection
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481604

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:The induced concentration for osteoblasts is often introduced as reference to induce odontoblast differentiation. However, there are no reports on other concentrations. OBJECTIVE: To observe the expression of dentin matrix protein-1, dentin sialoprotein and matrix extracelular phosphoglycoprotein during low-dose β-glycerophosphate-induced differentiation of dental pulp stem cels into odontoblasts. METHODS:Human dental pulp stem cels were isolated and cultured, and then induced by different concentrations of inducing solution to differentiate into adipocytes and osteoblasts, which could verify the multi-directional differentiation ability of human dental pulp stem cels. Under 5 mmol/L β-glycerophosphate, dental pulp stem cels differentiated into odontoblasts. At 7, 14, 21, 28 days of culture, RNA samples were extracted from dental pulp stem cels in each group, and reverse-transcription PCR was used to detect the expression of dentin matrix protein-1, dentin sialoprotein and matrix extracelular phosphoglycoprotein. Mineralized nodules were detected by alizarin red S staining to show the successfuly osteogenesis induction. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Human dental pulp stem cels could be induced to adipocytes and osteoblasts. The results of reverse-transcription PCR showed that the dental pulp stem cels under 5 mmol/L β-glycerophosphate could increase the expression of dentin matrix protein-1 and dentin sialoprotein, but downregulate the expression of matrix extracelular phosphoglycoprotein at 7, 14, 21 days. At 28 days of culture, dental pulp stem cels were al successfuly mineralized detected by alizarin red S. There were some red mineralized nodules. These findings indicate that the 5 mmol/L β-glycerophosphate can induce the differentiation of dental pulp stem cels into odontoblasts successfuly, up-regulate the mRNA expression of dentin sialoprotein and dentin matrix protein-1, and meanwhile down-regulate the mRNA expression of matrix extracelular phosphoglycoprotein.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-462080

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the osteogenic differentiation of dental pulp stem cells(DPSCs)induced by osteopontin(OPN)and mineralizing culture medium(MCM).Methods:DPSCs were cultured with OPN(OPN group)and MCM(MCM group)respectively. The morphology of the DPSCs were observed under inverted microscope.The mineralize nodules were observed by alizarin red staining. RT-RCR was used to detect the mRNA expression of bone sialoprotein (BSP),Runt-related transcription factor 2(Runx-2),osteocal-cin(OCN)and collagen-1(Col-1).Results:Similar number of mineralized nodules was found in the 2 groups(P >0.05)after 28 day culture.The mRNA expression level of BSP gene in OPN group was higher than that in MCMgroup(0.864 ±0.112 and 0.514 ±0.068, P 0.05).Conclusion:The capabilities of OPN and MCMin inducing osteogenic differentiation of DPSCs are similar.

15.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 884-887,892, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-599360

ABSTRACT

Objective:To express recombinant protein mIL-21-hIgGFc in 293E cells,and investigate its effect on CD8+T cell.Methods:Total RNA was extracted from the mouse spleen cells ,and then IL-21 gene was amplified by RT-PCR and inserted into expression vector PTT3-hIgGFc.PTT3-mIL-21-hIgGFc were transfected into 293E cells by calcium phosphate method.The supernatants were collected at 48 hours and 72 hours and concentrated by MOLLIPORE Labscale TM TFF system ( 5 kD membrane ).The mIL-21-hIgGFc fusion protein was purified with HiTrap TM Protein G column.The protein was quantified by SDS-PAGE and ELISA.The biological activity of the protein was determined by detecting the change of the phenotypes of CD 8+ T cells treated with the protein.Results: The constructed recombinant plasmid PTT 3-mIL-21-Fc was confirmed by sequencing.PTT3-mIL-21-Fc was transfected into 293E cells,mIL-21-Fc protein in culture supernatant was collected after 48 hours and 72 hours.The protein in cell su-pernatant reached a concentration of 787 ng/ml which was determined by ELISA.The protein was purified by Protein G chromatography column.P1A-specific T cells were treated with mIL-21-hIgGFc, and found that the CD44low CD62Lhi CD8+ population increased compared to the control.Conclusion:We built PTT3-mIL-21-hFc recombinant plasmid, expressed mIL21-hFc fusion protein in 293E cells,and purified by Protein G column.By treating mIL-21-hFc ,the antigen-primed CD8+T cells prefer to differentiate into CD44low CD62Lhi CD8+T cells which had been reported as a memory stem phenotype .This protein may be used to improve the effectness of adoptive T cell cancer therapy.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-438726

ABSTRACT

In recent studies,obesity is a risk factor for a variety of cancers,including breast cancer and colorectal cancer.Obesity can regulate the tumorigenesis and development of cancer by some factors,such as insulin and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1),leptin,fat cytokines and hormones.Understanding the relationship between obesity and cancer can provide a new perspective for the prevention and treatment of cancer.

17.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 441-449, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757256

ABSTRACT

It has been well established that immune surveillance plays critical roles in preventing the occurrence and progression of tumor. More and more evidence in recent years showed the host anti-tumor immune responses also play important roles in the chemotherapy and radiotherapy of cancers. Our previous study found that tumor- targeting therapy of anti-HER2/neu mAb is mediated by CD8(+) T cell responses. However, we found here that enhancement of CD8(+) T cell responses by combination therapy with IL-15R/IL-15 fusion protein or anti-CD40, which are strong stimultors for T cell responses, failed to promote the tumor therapeutic effects of anti-HER2/neu mAb. Analysis of tumor microenviornment showed that tumor tissues were heavily infiltrated with the immunosuppressive macrophages and most tumor infiltrating T cells, especially CD8(+) T cells, expressed high level of inhibitory co-signaling receptor PD-1. These data suggest that tumor microenvironment is dominated by the immunosuppressive strategies, which thwart anti-tumor immune responses. Therefore, the successful tumor therapy should be the removal of inhibitory signals in the tumor microenvironment in combination with other therapeutic strategies.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Allergy and Immunology , Therapeutic Uses , Breast Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Female , Humans , Immune Tolerance , Allergy and Immunology , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Neoplasm Transplantation , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Allergy and Immunology , Tumor Microenvironment , Allergy and Immunology
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