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1.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 132-136, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934644

ABSTRACT

Objective:To realize the understanding level of cancer awareness of residents in Shanxi Province, and to provide a scientific basis for cancer prevention and treatment.Methods:In April 2020, 1 897 local residents in Shanxi Province were recruited to fill in the core knowledge questionnaire of cancer prevention and treatment. The basic demographic information and the core knowledge of cancer prevention and control were collected, and the influencing factors for the understanding of the core knowledge of cancer prevention and treatment were analyzed by using multivariate logistic regression model.Results:In the survey on the awareness rate of core knowledge of cancer prevention and control among residents in Shanxi Province, 37 940 items were answered, among which 29 396 items were known, and the awareness rate of the population was 77.48% (29 396/37 940). The single-factor results showed that there were statistically significant differences in awareness rates of core knowledge of cancer prevention and treatment among the population with different gender, household registration, ethnic groups, education degree, occupation and different frequency of the health examination were statistically significant (all P < 0.05); there were no statistically significant differences in awareness rates of core knowledge among the population with different age, and smokers or non-smokers (all P >0.05).Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that education degree of junior middle school or above ( OR = 3.412-16.767, 95% CI 1.755-32.476) and receiving physical examination once a year ( OR = 2.291, 95% CI 1.154-4.549) were the favorable factors for knowing the core knowledge of cancer prevention and treatment. Household location in rural area ( OR = 0.522, 95% CI 0.378-0.722) and non-Han nationality ( OR = 0.369, 95% CI 0.151-0.904) were the unfavorable factors for knowing the core knowledge of cancer prevention and treatment. Conclusions:The awareness of core knowledge of cancer prevention and treatment among residents in Shanxi Province is good, so it is necessary to continue to strengthen the publicity of cancer prevention and control and improve the awareness of cancer prevention and control in the future.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906519

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical efficacy of Shugan Lidan decoction(SLD) combined with laparoscopic cholecystectomy on acute calculous cholecystitis(ACC),and explore its mechanism based on network pharmacology. Method:In a retrospective analysis, 121 patients with ACC were divided into laparoscopic cholecystectomy+SLD group (observation group, 68 cases) and laparoscopic cholecystectomy group(control group,53 cases). The postoperative recovery of the patients (time to first exhaust,time to temperature recovery,antibiotic use time and hospitalization time),serum inflammatory factor levels [white blood cell count(WBC),C-reactive protein(CRP),interleukin-6(IL-6)],immune index levels[claster of differentiation(CD)3<sup>+</sup>,CD4<sup>+</sup>/CD8<sup>+</sup>,immunoglobulin M(IgM)] and safety were compared between these two groups. The TCMSP,BATMAN-TCM and TCMIP databases were used to collect all chemical components and targets of SLD. GeneCard and OMIM databases were combined to search ACC-related targets,and then the intersection ones of SLD-related targets and ACC-related targets were extracted to obtain the potential action targets of SLD for treatment of ACC. The STRING database platform was used to establish and analyze the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network,and Bioconductor software package was used for Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment of the targets. Result:The time to first exhaust,antibiotic use time and hospitalization time of observation group were shorter than those of control group,and the differences were statistically significant(<italic>P</italic><0.05). After treatment,the postoperative WBC,CRP,IL-6,CD4<sup>+</sup>/CD8<sup>+</sup> and IgM in the two groups of patients were lower than those before treatment,and the postoperative CD3<sup>+</sup> was higher than that before treatment,with statistically significant differences(<italic>P</italic><0.05). The postoperative WBC,CRP,IL-6,CD4<sup>+</sup>/CD8<sup>+</sup> and IgM in the observation group were lower than those in control group,and the CD3<sup>+</sup> was higher than that of control group,with statistically significant differences(<italic>P</italic><0.05). There was no statistical difference in adverse reactions between the two groups. Totally 159 components in SLD were screened,which acted synergistically on key targets such as IL-6,vascular endothelial growth factor A(VEGFA),insulin(INS),and epidermal growth factor receptor(EGFR),and participated in the regulation of HIF-1 signaling pathway,EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor resistance and PI3K-Akt signaling pathway in the treatment of ACC. Conclusion:SLD may regulate HIF-1 pathway and other signaling pathways by acting on IL-6,VEGFA,INS,EGFR and other targets,thereby reducing postoperative inflammatory factors,improving immune function,and promoting postoperative recovery in patients with ACC.

3.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 186-191, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872477

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the cancer incidence and mortality in registration areas of Shanxi Province in 2014.Methods:The data of 12 cancer registration areas of Shanxi Province in 2014 were taken to analyze the characteristics of cancer incidence and mortality for patients with different age and gender in different areas. And then the results were compared with the malignant cancer incidence and mortality in the nationwide.Results:There were 11 703 new cases, including 6 559 males and 5 144 females in registration areas of Shanxi Province in 2014, and the incidence rate was 221.21/10 5, while the age-standardized incidence rate of Chinese population and world population was 163.91/10 5 and 163.25/10 5, respectively. The cancer incidence rate in urban areas was 247.02/10 5 and the age-standardized incidence rate of Chinese population was 171.35/10 5. In rural areas, the cancer incidence rate was 205.98/10 5 and the age-standardized incidence rate of Chinese population was 159.03/10 5. The common cancer sites were stomach, lung, esophagus, liver and colorectum for males. And breast, cervix, lung, esophagus, stomach were the common cancer sites for females. There were 7 283 malignant death cases, including 4 548 males and 2 735 females. The crude cancer mortality rate was 137.66/10 5, and the age-standardized mortality rate of Chinese population was 99.67/10 5 and world population was 100.11/10 5. The crude cancer mortality rate in urban areas was 141.03/10 5 and the age-standardized incidence rate of Chinese population was 92.84/10 5. In rural areas, the crude cancer mortality rate was 135.68/10 5 and the age-standardized mortality rate of Chinese population was 103.69/10 5. Male common malignant tumor deaths included lung cancer, gastric cancer, liver cancer, esophageal cancer and colorectal cancer, while lung, stomach, liver, esophagus and cervix were the common cancer death sites for females. Conclusions:The incidence and mortality of malignant tumors in registration areas in Shanxi Province are mainly lung cancer, upper gastrointestinal cancer and cervix uteri cancer. The incidence rates of stomach cancer and cervical cancer are high.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803556

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To summarize the clinical nursing practice experience of a patient with huge exophytic hepatocellular carcinoma during lactation period.@*Methods@#In response to this patient′s perinatal tumor, the disease itself, mother-to-child separation, etc. and thus the patient was easily suffered from negative feelings such as anxiety, fear and worry. Given such conditions, the patients′ psychological status should be evaluated in a sound manner, and then make a personalized plan of stage psychological intervention. Meanwhile, preoperative preparation should be made, for example, enriching nutrition given to the patient in order to enhance her surgery tolerability. Postoperative nursing should be based on specific conditions, especially abdominal pressure should be observed in case the occurrence of complications.@*Results@#The patient was cured and discharged after 14 days of targeted treatment and nursing.@*Conclusions@#Given the patient was in lactation period, there′s great difficulty in performing surgery on her. The nurses should give accurate evaluation on the patient in time, and make personalized nursing plan, pay attention to the emotion in order to reduce the occurrence rate of complications and ensure smooth discharge of the patient.

5.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 690-693, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712886

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the incidence and mortality of malignancies as well as tumor burden of Shouyang County, Shanxi Province in 2012. Methods According to the review methods and the standards from the National Cancer Registry, the data of the incidence and mortality of malignant tumors in Shouyang County in 2012 were collected, collated and statistically analyzed. Results There were 389 new malignancies cases of Shouyang County in 2012, including 210 males and 179 females. The incidence rate was 187.61/100000 (190.00/100000 in males and 184.88/100000 in females). There were 263 death cases , including 164 males and 99 females. The mortality rate was 126.84/100000 (148.38/100000 in males and 102.25/100000 in females). The top 10 incidence of malignancies of the whole county was followed by lung cancer, cervical cancer, gastric cancer, liver cancer, colorectal anal cancer, esophageal cancer, breast cancer, bladder cancer, gallbladder cancer and uterus cancer, accounting for 86.12 % of the overall malignant cancers. The top 10 death malignancies of the whole county was followed by lung cancer, liver cancer, gastric cancer, esophageal cancer, Hodgkin disease, leukemia, colorectal cancer, bone cancer, brain tumor and pancreatic cancer, accounting for 87.45 % of the overall malignant cancers. Conclusion Lung cancer ranks first in the incidence and mortality of malignant tumors of Shouyang County, Shanxi Province, and the prevention and control of major tumors should be strengthened.

6.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 775-784, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705126

ABSTRACT

Aim To assess the effects of Trillium Tschonoskii Maxim ( TTM ) decoction on Tau protein phosphorylation and synaptic development in AD model rats induced by high activity GSK-3β. Methods The SD rats were divided into five groups of ten animals, named sham-operated group ( blank group) , AD model group, TTM group (0. 5, 0. 25, 0. 125 g·kg-1 · d-1 ) . Treatment group received gavage once a day for seven days with TTM decoction, while other groups by gavage once a day for seven days with drinking water. On 2nd day by gavage, Morris water maze test was used to assess the spatial learning and memory ability of the rats. After five days' training, rats in the treat-ment groups and AD model group were injected wort-mannin ( WT, PI3K specific inhibitor ) and GF-109203X (GFX, PKC specific inhibitor) (100 μmol ·L-1 of each, total volume of 10 μL) into the right lateral ventricle. Western blot was used to detect the levels of phosphorylation Tau protein at multiple sites and the expression level of PI3K, Akt, PKC, GSK-3β(S9, T216) and synapse-associated proteins. Immu-nohistochemical method was used to detect the hyper-phosphorylation of Tau protein in hippocampus of rats. Golgi staining was applied to detect the number and morphological changes of synaptic development and dendritic spines. Nissl' s staining was employed to ob-serve the development of neonatal neurons in hippo-campus and cortex. Results Western blot showed that the phosphorylation level of Tau in hippocampus increased in model group, and the activity of GSK-3βwas up-regulated. Among them, however, in middle dose TTM group, the phosphorylation level of Tau in hippocampus decreased and the activity of GSK-3βde-creased. The expression levels of p-PKC and p-Akt in low and middle dose treatment group were higher than those in model group, thus increasing the activity of PKC and Akt to inhibit the activity of GSK-3β kinase. Immunohistochemistry also indicated that TTM could decrease the biological effects of Tau phosphorylation in hippocampus of AD rats. Western blot showed that TTM could increase the expression levels of synapsin-1 , syn-aptophysin and GluR-1 in hippocampus of AD rats. Nissl staining showed that the number of Nissl bodies in hippocampal neurons of AD model group were signif-icantly fewer than those of sham operation group, which could be increased by TTM middle and high dose group, and the complexity and dendritic spine density of hippocampal neurons in AD rats could be en-hanced as well. Conclusion TTM can effectively im-prove the cognitive function of AD rats induced by the increase of GSK-3β activity, and its possible mecha-nism may be via down-regulating the activity of GSK-3β and inhibiting the phosphorylation of tau protein and promoting the development of neurons.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737604

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) copy number in peripheral blood and related factors on the risk of hypertension in coal miners.Methods A case-control study was conducted in 378 coal miners with hypertension and 325 healthy coal miners recruited from Datong Coal Mine Group.A standard questionnaire was used to collect their general information,such as demographic characteristics,habits and occupational history.Fluorescence quantitative PCR was performed to detect the copy number of mtDNA.Logistic regression model was applied for identifying the related risk factors of hypertension and analyzing the interaction between mtDNA copy number and risk factors.Results The prevalence of hypertension of high mtDNA copy number was lower than mtDNA copy numberin 0-5.67 group,but the difference was not statistically significant (P=0.414).Alcohol drinking (OR=1.80,95%CI:1.26-2.56),family history of hypertension (OR=1.74,95% CI:1.20-2.50),work shifts (OR=0.69,95% CI:0.48-0.99),education level (P=0.012) and family monthly income level (P=0.001) were related to the prevalence of hypertension.There were potential interactions between mtDNA copy number and alcohol drinking,family monthly income level,family history of hypertension,respectively.Alcohol drinking was a risk factor for hypertension [1.77(1.25-2.50)].Potential interactions between mtDNA copy number and alcohol drinking reduced the risk of hypertension (OR=1.20,95%CI:1.07-1.35).Family history of hypertension was a risk factor for hypertension [1.81(1.26-2.59)].Potential interactions between mtDNA copy number and family history of hypertension reduced the risk of hypertension (OR=1.24,95% CI:1.09-1.41).Family monthly income level was a protect factor for hypertension [0.55(0.46-0.66)].Potential interactions between mtDNA copy number and family monthly income level increased the protection role of hypertension (OR=0.90,95%CI:0.86-0.94).Conclusion mtDNA copy number variation was not significantly associated with the prevalence of hypertension in coal miners,but mtDNA copy number shewed multiplication interaction on the prevalence of hypertension with alcohol drinking,family monthly income level as well as family history of hypertension and made their influences weaken.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736136

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) copy number in peripheral blood and related factors on the risk of hypertension in coal miners.Methods A case-control study was conducted in 378 coal miners with hypertension and 325 healthy coal miners recruited from Datong Coal Mine Group.A standard questionnaire was used to collect their general information,such as demographic characteristics,habits and occupational history.Fluorescence quantitative PCR was performed to detect the copy number of mtDNA.Logistic regression model was applied for identifying the related risk factors of hypertension and analyzing the interaction between mtDNA copy number and risk factors.Results The prevalence of hypertension of high mtDNA copy number was lower than mtDNA copy numberin 0-5.67 group,but the difference was not statistically significant (P=0.414).Alcohol drinking (OR=1.80,95%CI:1.26-2.56),family history of hypertension (OR=1.74,95% CI:1.20-2.50),work shifts (OR=0.69,95% CI:0.48-0.99),education level (P=0.012) and family monthly income level (P=0.001) were related to the prevalence of hypertension.There were potential interactions between mtDNA copy number and alcohol drinking,family monthly income level,family history of hypertension,respectively.Alcohol drinking was a risk factor for hypertension [1.77(1.25-2.50)].Potential interactions between mtDNA copy number and alcohol drinking reduced the risk of hypertension (OR=1.20,95%CI:1.07-1.35).Family history of hypertension was a risk factor for hypertension [1.81(1.26-2.59)].Potential interactions between mtDNA copy number and family history of hypertension reduced the risk of hypertension (OR=1.24,95% CI:1.09-1.41).Family monthly income level was a protect factor for hypertension [0.55(0.46-0.66)].Potential interactions between mtDNA copy number and family monthly income level increased the protection role of hypertension (OR=0.90,95%CI:0.86-0.94).Conclusion mtDNA copy number variation was not significantly associated with the prevalence of hypertension in coal miners,but mtDNA copy number shewed multiplication interaction on the prevalence of hypertension with alcohol drinking,family monthly income level as well as family history of hypertension and made their influences weaken.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667958

ABSTRACT

Purpose To study the clinical characteristics of disease development,pathology,treatment and prognosis in ovarian growing teratoma syndrome (GTS).Methods The clinical and pathological data of 1 cases of ovarian GTS were analyzed retrospectively,and the special course of disease and pathological changes were summarized.Results Ultrasound examination revealed a mass measuring 93 mm × 72 mm in the right ovary.Grossly,the tumor was cystic and solid,and solid area was mainly cauliflower like,with soft texture and small amount of hair and grease.Histopathological examination showed there were multifocal immature primitive neural tube in the solid area.Immunohistochemical staining showed the tumor cell were positive for NSE and focal positive for Syn,S-100,CD99,and CD56.In the preoperation,AFP and CA125 were 48.7 ng/mL and 84.2 U/mL.The right ovary mass and uterus,bilateral appendages,omentum and appendix were resected by radical operation,and two courses of chemotherapy postoperative were given.After 17 months,a solid peritoneal mass mesauring 47mm ×35mm × 24mm,was found in the original position by gynecological ultrasound.Grossly,it was solid and soft with some bone tissue.Histopathological examination showed a few immature cartilage and mesenchymal tissue.Tumor markers were within the normal range,the peritoneal mass and bilateral pelvic lymph nodes were excised thoroughly.A slight elevated in CA125 one month after surgery.After successive five courses of chemotherapy,no tumor recurred for 19 months follow up.Conclusion The diagnosis of GTS requires a combination of the overall course of the disease.The pathologic diagnosis of mature teratoma on postoperative recurred tumor are important indications for the differential diagnosis of GTS.Therefore,the tumor markers and abdominal and pelvic ultrasonography should be checked regularly,and reasonable treatment should be carried out aceording to the individual condition of the patient to avoid unnecessary chemotherapy.Keeping the fertility of young patients and preventing postoperative complications is the key to ensure a good prognosis.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664543

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the clinicopathological characteristics ,diagnosis,differential diagnosis,therapy and prognosis of glomus tumor.Methods The clinical and histopathological features and immunohistochemical phenotypes were retrospectively analyzed in 10 cases of glomus tumors,with review of the related literature.Results Of 10 patients,6 cases were female,4 cases were male,mean age 45.3 years old.Glomus tumors commonly occurred in the end of fingers .We found that the shape of tumor was round or ovoid ,and the tumor exhibited grey red.The size of these tumors ranged from 0.4 cm to 2.7 cm in diameter.Microscopically,The tumor cells were uniform-sized,round or o-val,with clear or eosinophilic cytoplasm .The atypia and mitotic activity of these tumors were not observed .The tumor cells arranged around the thin-walled blood vessels showing a hemangiopericytoma-like pattern .Myxoid change was seen in the stroma of glomus tumor .The tumor cells expressed Vimentin ,SMA and collagen Ⅳby immunohistochemical staining ,but negative for CgA ,Syn,desmin,CD34,CK and S-100. All 10 cases were benign,and had no evidence of the recurrence in follow-up for 14 to 145 months.Conclusion Glomus tumor is a very rare soft tissue tumor ,and the atypical morphology of glomus tumors in unusual location may cause diagnostic difficulty .The diagnosis for glomus tumor depends mainly on histopathological features and immunohistochemical markers .

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610121

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the protective effect of ellagic acid on the acute liver injury induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) of the mice,and to explore its possible mechanism.Methods:A total of 50 mice were randomly divided into normal control group,model group,low,medium and high doses of ellagic acid groups (n=10).The mice in normal control group and model group were treated with 1% sodium carboxymethyl cellulose solvent by intragastic administration,and the mice in ellagic acid groups were treated with 160,320,and 480 mg·kg-1 ellagic acid by intragastic administration,respectively.After 14 d,the mice in model group and different doses of ellagic acid groups were intraperitoneally injected with 10 mL·kg-1 0.1% CCl4,while the mice in normal control group were intraperitoneally injected with 10 mL·kg-1plant oil.16 h later,all the mice were sacrificed and the body weights and the liver indexes of the mice were detected;the serum levels of alanine transaminase(ALT),aspartate transaminase(AST) were detected;the activities of superoxide dismutase(SOD) and levels of GSH-Px,malonalde hyde(MDA) and catalase(CAT) in liver tissue of the mice were detected.Results:There were no significant differences of the body weights of the mice between each group before and after treatment(P>0.05).Compared with normal control group,the liver indexes and the levels of serum ALT and AST of the mice in model group and different doses of ellagic acid groups were significantly increased (P<0.05).Compared with model group,the liver indexes of the mice in different doses of ellagic acid groups were decreased(P<0.05);the serum levels of ALT and AST of the mice in high dose of ellagic acid group were significantly decreased (P<0.05),while the CAT level in liver homogenate was significantly increased (P<0.05);the levels of GSH-Px in liver homogenate of the mice in medium and high doses of ellagic acid groups were significantly increased (P<0.05);the activities of SOD in liver homogenate of the mice in different doses of ellagic acid groups were significantly increased (P<0.05),and the MDA levels were significantly decreased (P<0.05).Conclusion:The ellagic acid has the protective effect on acute chemical liver injury in the mice induced by CCl4 and the most effective dose is 480 mg·kg-1;its mechanism may be related to the anti-oxidation.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-672312

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the iodine nutrition level of vulnerable people in Inner Mongolia after adjustment of iodized salt standard and to provide theoretical bases for scientific iodine supplementation. Methods In 2013, 3 cities were selected from eastern, central and western parts of Inner Mongolia in accordance with the random number table, 3 or 4 counties were selected from each target city, 5 units according to their sub-area position of east, south, west, north and center were selected from each county, and then 1 township was selected from each unit, 5 groups of target population including school children aged 8- 10, women of childbearing age, pregnant and lactating women and infants each at least 10 people were investigated in each township. Edible salt samples from their homes and urine samples were collected. The direct titration method among the generic methods of iodide testing for salt production industry (GB/T 13025.7-2012) was used to determine the salt iodine level, and As3+-Ce4+catalytic spectrophotometry using ammonium per sulfate digestion (WS/T 107-2009) was used to test the urinary iodine level. Results Totally 3 300 samples of edible salt from local residents had been examined and median iodine was 26.20 mg/kg. The median of urinary iodine was 190.6μg/L of 1 289 school-age children;was 183.6μg/L of 621 women of childbearing age; was 178.2 μg/L o f 876 pregnant women; was 178.6 μg/L of 664 lactating women and was 167.7μg/L of 599 infants. Conclusion After adjustment of iodized salt standard, iodine nutrition level is suitable in all vulnerable people.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351161

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>In order to study the effect of the polymorphism at the exon2 region of the (3-LG allele gene on milk composition and yield.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The single-strand conformation polymorphism method (PCR-SSCP) was used to analyze for polymorphism the exon2 region of the 3-LG gene (NCBI accession number: DQ489319) in Chinese Holstein.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Eight SSCP patterns were detected in the fragments: ab, abc, abd, abe, abcd, abce, abde and abcde, and the patterns frequencies as follows: 0.14, 0.10, 0.27, 0.23, 0.05, 0.04, 0.11 and 0.06 (P < 0.05); Six single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) were detected in this study: sitel C>T, site2 T>C, site3 C>T, site4 C>C, site5 C> A, site6 A>T or C, and the polymorphism infonnation content (PIC) of these SNPs were in median or high polymorphism (PIC > 0.25).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>These SNPs at the exon2 region of the beta-LG gene were remarkably and affected milk performance traits (milk yield, protein and fat contents) in Chinese Holstein.</p>


Subject(s)
Alleles , Animals , Base Sequence , Cattle , Classification , Genetics , China , Exons , Female , Lactoglobulins , Genetics , Milk , Chemistry , Molecular Sequence Data , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods , Polymorphism, Single-Stranded Conformational
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