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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 104-109, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990818

ABSTRACT

The continuous pandemic coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the world has had a profound impact on the global medical model.More accumulated new medical data suggest that severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS CoV-2) infection will invade multiple organs of patients, but there is still a lack of sufficient understanding of the characteristics of ocular related lesions and their prognosis.The existing clinical data found that COVID-19-related ocular diseases mainly include ocular surface inflammatory lesions and retinopathy and choroidopathy in the posterior segment.The disease is not only an acute inflammatory reaction process, but also can lead to the pathological process of microvascular thrombosis in the retina and choroid, which may have a long-term impact on the visual prognosis of patients, especially those who were initially diagnosed as ophthalmic manifestations.Accurate diagnosis of COVID-19-related ocular diseases is a challenge for ophthalmologists.Ophthalmologists should have a deep understanding of the pathogenesis and development of SARS CoV-2 infected eyes, make use of the current multimodal ophthalmic imaging examination to reduce misdiagnosis and take timely targeted treatment measures to minimize the risk of disease damage to visual function.We suggest that clinical ophthalmologists pay attention to carry out the pathogenesis research of related diseases and multidisciplinary clinical research to reduce the blindness rate of patients with SARS CoV-2 infection and improve patients' quality of life.

2.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E059-E064, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987914

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the action effect of traditional and modified lumbar massage obliquity manipulation with different degrees of lumbar degeneration. Methods The biomechanical model of quality-spring-damping system lumbar spine was established and massage forces from professional massage doctors were collected. The force was used as input of the model, and lumbar degeneration was simulated by increasing elastic coefficient of the spring and damping coefficient of the damping in the model. By using MATLAB/ Simulink simulation technology, the effects of massage obliquity manipulation ( the maximum relative displacement and maximum acceleration) with different degrees of lumbar degeneration were obtained for comparative analysis.Results When the lumbar spine was degenerative, the maximum relative displacement and maximum acceleration of each segment were obtained under two manipulations. With the increase of lumbar degenerationdegree, the maximum relative displacement and maximum acceleration of each segment under two manipulations showed a downward trend, and the attenuation rate of the maximum relative displacement and maximum acceleration of each segment under two manipulations was obtained. Conclusions When degenerative changes in the spine do not occur, the effectiveness of traditional lumbar massage obliquity manipulation is slightly better than that of modified lumbar massage obliquity manipulation, but the safety of modified lumbar massage obliquity manipulation is obviously better than that of the traditional lumbar massage obliquity manipulation, so the modified lumbar massage obliquity manipulation should be used. With the aggravation of lumbar degeneration, the action effects of two manipulations are attenuated in a power function. The attenuation rate of effectiveness of modified lumbar massage obliquity manipulation is significantly faster than that of traditional lumbar massage obliquity manipulation, indicating that the modified lumbar massage obliquity manipulation should not be used in the caseof lumbar degeneration.

3.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 8-14, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969836

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the household secondary attack rates of the SARS-CoV-2 Delta variant and the associated factors. Methods: A COVID-19 outbreak caused by the Delta variant occurred in Nanjing in July 2021. A total of 235 cases with current addresses in Nanjing were reported from 171 households. The subjects in this study were selected from household close contact(s) of infected cases. The information on household index cases and their contacts were collected, and the household secondary attack rate (HSAR) and the risk factors were analyzed by the multi-factor logistic regression model. Results: A total of 234 cases of household close contacts and 64 household secondary cases were reported from 103 households, and the HSAR was 27.4% (64/234, 95%CI:22.0% to 33.4%). The proportions of household size for 2 to 3, 4 to 5, and 6 to 9 were 64.1% (66), 26.2% (27) and 9.7% (10), respectively. A total of 35 cases of household cluster outbreaks were reported (35/103, 34.0%). The number of the first case in the household (FCH) was 103 and males accounted for 27.2% (28 cases), with the median age (Q1, Q3) of 49 (9, 56). The number of household close contacts was 234 and males accounted for 59.0% (138 cases), with the median age (Q1, Q3) of 42 (20, 55) and the median exposure period (Q1, Q3) of 3 (1, 3) days. The multi-factor logistic regression model showed that the higher HSAR was observed in the FCH with the features of airport staff (OR=2.913, 95%CI:1.469-5.774), detection from home quarantine screening (OR=6.795, 95%CI:1.761-26.219) and detection from mass screening (OR=4.239, 95%CI:1.098-16.368). Meanwhile, higher HSAR was observed in cases with longer household exposure (OR=1.221, 95%CI:1.040-1.432), non-vaccination (OR=2.963, 95%CI:1.288-6.813) and incomplete vaccinations (OR=2.842, 95%CI:0.925-8.731). Conclusion: The generation interval of the Delta variant is shortened, and the ability of transmission within the household is enhanced. In the outbreak in Nanjing, the associated factors of HSAR are occupation, detection route, vaccination and exposure period.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/epidemiology , Incidence , Family Characteristics
4.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 303-309, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969778

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the influence of blood pressure control after discharge on prognosis of patients with acute aortic syndrome (AAS) complicated with hypertension who underwent thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). Methods: This is a retrospective case analysis. Patients diagnosed with AAS complicated with hypertension and undergoing TEVAR in Northern Theater Command General Hospital from June 2002 to December 2021 were consecutively enrolled. Average systolic blood pressure (SBP) and the occurrence of endpoint events were recorded at one month, one year and every 2 years after TEVAR. According to the patients' average SBP, patients with average SBP<140 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) or<150 mmHg were divided into the target blood pressure achievement group, and the others were divided into target blood pressure non-achievement group. Endpoint events included all-cause death, aortic death, stroke, renal insufficiency, aortic related adverse events and a composite of these events (overall clinical adverse events), and re-accepting TEVAR. The incidence of endpoint events was compared between the two groups at each follow-up period. Results: A total of 987 patients were included, aged (55.7±11.7) years, including 779 male (78.9%). When the cutoff value was 140 mmHg, the rate of average target SBP achievement was 71.2% (703/987) at one month, 66.7% (618/927) during 1st to 12th month and 65.1% (542/832) from the first year to the third year after TEVAR. The proportion of patients taking≥2 antihypertensive agents was higher in the group of target blood pressure non-achievement group than the target blood pressure achievement group after TEVAR at 1 month (74.3% (211/284) vs.65.9% (463/703), P=0.010) and during 1st to 12th month (71.5% (221/309) vs. 63.6% (393/618), P=0.016). There were no statistical differences in the all-cause deaths, stroke, aortic related adverse events, and repeat TEVAR between the two groups (All P>0.05) during above follow-up periods. When the cutoff value was 150 mmHg, the rate of target SBP achievement was 89.3% (881/987) at one month, 85.2% (790/927) during 1st to 12th month and 85.6%(712/832) from the first year to the third year after TEVAR. The incidence of clinical total adverse events (8.8% (12/137) vs. 4.2% (33/790), P=0.021) and repeat TEVAR (4.4% (6/137) vs. 1.0% (8/790), P=0.003) in target blood pressure non-achievement group were significantly higher than the target blood pressure achievement group during 1st to 12th month after TEVAR. The incidence of all-cause deaths (5.8% (7/120) vs. 2.4% (17/712), P=0.037) in the target blood pressure non-achievement group was significantly higher than the target blood pressure achievement group from the first year to the third year follow-up period, but there were no statistical differences in the incidence of clinical total adverse events between the two group (P>0.05). Conclusion: Among TEVAR treated AAS patients complicated with hypertension, the average SBP more than 150 mmHg post discharge is associated with increased risk of adverse events. Ideal blood pressure control should be encouraged to improve the outcome of these patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Blood Pressure , Acute Aortic Syndrome , Retrospective Studies , Aftercare , Treatment Outcome , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation/adverse effects , Aortic Dissection , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/surgery , Endovascular Procedures/adverse effects , Patient Discharge , Hypertension , Prognosis , Stroke , Hospitals
5.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 172-179, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969760

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of female patients with Stanford type B aortic dissection. Methods: This is a single-centre retrospective study. Consecutive patients diagnosed with Stanford type B aortic dissection in General Hospital of Northern Theater Command from June 2002 to August 2021 were enrolled, and grouped based on sex. According to the general clinical conditions and complications of aortic dissection tear, patients were treated with thoracic endovascular aortic repair, surgery, or optimal medication. The clinical characteristics and aortic imaging data of the patients at different stages were collected, adverse events including all-cause deaths, stroke, and occurrence of aortic-related adverse events were obtained during hospitalization and within 30 days and at 1 and 5 years after discharge. According to the time of death, death was classified as in-hospital death, out-of-hospital death, and in-hospital death was divided into preoperative death, intraoperative death and postoperative death. According to the cause of death, death was classified as aortic death, cardiac death and other causes of death. Aortic-related adverse events within 30 days after discharge included new paraplegia, post-luminal repair syndrome, and aortic death; long-term (≥1 year after discharge) aortic-related adverse events included aortic death, recurrent aortic dissection, endoleak and distal ulcer events. The clinical characteristics, short-term and long-term prognosis was compared between the groups. Logistic regression analysis was used to explore the association between different clinical factors and all-cause mortality within 30 days in female and male groups separately. Results: A total of 1 094 patients with Stanford type B aortic dissection were enrolled, mean age was (53.9±12.1) years, and 861 (78.7%) were male and 233 (21.3%) were female. (1) Clinical characteristics: compared with male patients, female patients were featured with older average age, higher proportion of aged≥60 years old, back pain, anemia, optimal medication treatment, and higher cholesterol level; while lower proportion of smoking and drinking history, body mass index, calcium antagonists use, creatine kinase level, and white blood cell count (all P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in dissection tear and clinical stage, history of coronary heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, and cerebrovascular disease between female and male patients (all P>0.05). (2) Follow-up result: compared with male patients, female patients had a higher rate of 30-day death [6.9% (16/233) vs. 3.8% (33/861), P=0.047], in-hospital death (5.6% (13/233) vs. 2.7% (23/861), P=0.027), preoperative death (3.9% (9/233) vs. 1.5% (12/861), P=0.023) and aorta death (6.0% (14/233) vs. 3.1% (27/861), P=0.041). The 1-year and 5-year follow-up results demonstrated that there were no significant differences in death, cerebrovascular disease, and aorta-related adverse events between the two groups (all P>0.05). (3) Prognostic factors: the results of the univariate logistic regression analysis showed that body mass index>24 kg/m2 (HR=1.087, 95%CI 1.029-1.149, P=0.013), history of anemia (HR=2.987, 95%CI 1.054-8.468, P=0.032), hypertension (HR=1.094, 95%CI 1.047-1.143, P=0.040) and troponin-T>0.05 μg/L (HR=5.818, 95%CI 1.611-21.018, P=0.003)were associated with an increased risk of all-cause mortality within 30 days in female patients. Conclusions: Female patients with Stanford type B aortic dissection have specific clinical characteristics, such as older age at presentation, higher rates of anemia and combined back pain, and higher total cholesterol levels. The risk of death within 1 month is higher in female patients than in male patients, which may be associated with body mass index, hypertension, anemia and troponin-T, but the long-term prognosis for both female and male patients is comparable.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Prognosis , Hospital Mortality , Retrospective Studies , Troponin T , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Endovascular Procedures/adverse effects , Aortic Dissection , Hypertension/complications , Cholesterol , Risk Factors
6.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1087-1104, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982458

ABSTRACT

Gene transcription and new protein synthesis regulated by epigenetics play integral roles in the formation of new memories. However, as an important part of epigenetics, the function of chromatin remodeling in learning and memory has been less studied. Here, we showed that SMARCA5 (SWI/SNF related, matrix-associated, actin-dependent regulator of chromatin, subfamily A, member 5), a critical chromatin remodeler, was responsible for hippocampus-dependent memory maintenance and neurogenesis. Using proteomics analysis, we found protein expression changes in the hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) after the knockdown of SMARCA5 during contextual fear conditioning (CFC) memory maintenance in mice. Moreover, SMARCA5 was revealed to participate in CFC memory maintenance via modulating the proteins of metabolic pathways such as nucleoside diphosphate kinase-3 (NME3) and aminoacylase 1 (ACY1). This work is the first to describe the role of SMARCA5 in memory maintenance and to demonstrate the involvement of metabolic pathways regulated by SMARCA5 in learning and memory.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Memory , Chromatin Assembly and Disassembly , Hippocampus/metabolism , Transcription Factors/metabolism , Chromatin/metabolism , Metabolic Networks and Pathways
7.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 95-100, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995482

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of sciatic nerve derived exosomes(SN-EXO) on axon regeneration and functional recovery after peripheral nerve injury(PNI).Methods:From March 2021 to October 2022, the Department of Orthopedics of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University studied the effect of SN-EXO on the proliferation of Schwann cells(SCs) through EdU cell proliferation experiment. Twenty-one healthy male SD rats were randomly divided into 3 groups of sham operation, peripheral nerve injury(PNI) and SN-EXO treatment, with 7 rats in each group. The right sciatic nerves of rat models in sham group were exposed without injury. In the rat in PNI group and SN-EXO treatment group, PBS and SN-EXO were injected under the epineurium of right sciatic nerves following sciatic nerve crush. Sciatic nerve function index(SFI) was performed at 28 days after operation, and then sacrificed. Right sciatic nerves were removed for further exploration of nerve regeneration. The histopathological changes and axon arrangement of sciatic nerves were evaluated by HE staining. Regeneration efficiency of neurofilaments and SCs were obserred by NF200 and S100β double staining of sciatic nerve. The data obtained were statistically analyzed, and P<0.05 was statistically significant. Results:It was found that SN-EXO can significantly enhance the proliferation ability of SCs, with statistically significant difference( P<0.05). SFI in SN-EXO treatment group and PNI group were(-27.65±4.36) and(-57.33±7.49), respectively, and the difference was statistically significant( P<0.05). Axons in SN-EXO treatment group were arranged more closely and orderly than those in the PNI group at 28 days after operation, and there were less injury induced axon disintegration and vacuolation. Immunofluorescence assay indicated that NF200 and S100β fluorescence intensity in SN-EXO treatment group was significantly higher than that in the PNI group, and the difference was statistically significant( P<0.05). Conclusion:SN-EXO could enhance the proliferation of SCs to promote axon regeneration following peripheral nerve injury.

8.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 30-37, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-975153

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo validate the alleviating effect of Gegen Qinliantang (GGQLT) on insulin resistance in db/db diabetic mice by regulating the silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1)/forkhead transcription factor O1 (FoxO1) autophagy pathway. MethodSeventy-five SPF-grade spontaneous type 2 diabetic db/db mice and 15 control db/m mice were selected and maintained on regular feed for one week before measuring blood glucose. They were randomly divided into six groups, with 15 mice in each group. The groups included a normal group (physiological saline, 0.2 g·kg-1), a metformin group (0.2 g·kg-1), high-, medium-, and low-dose GGQLT groups (31.9, 19.1, 6.9 g·kg-1), and a model group (physiological saline, 0.2 g·kg-1). They were orally treated with corresponding drugs for eight weeks, once daily. Fasting blood glucose (FBG) was measured using a Roche glucometer. Serum levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), triglyceride (TG), and total cholesterol (TC) were measured using an automated biochemical analyzer. Fasting serum insulin (INS) levels were determined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) was calculated. Western blot was used to detect the expression of Beclin-1, microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3), and SIRT1/FoxO1 autophagy pathway-related proteins in liver tissues. Immunohistochemistry was performed to assess the expression of SIRT1, FoxO1, Beclin-1, and LC3B proteins in liver tissues. Transmission electron microscopy was used to observe the formation of autophagosomes in the liver. ResultCompared with the normal group, the model group showed significant increases in FBG, FINS, HOMA-IR, TC, TG, LDL-C, and HDL-C levels (P<0.01), and significant increases in the expression of SIRT1, Beclin-1, LC3, and FoxO1 proteins in liver tissues (P<0.01). Transmission electron microscopy revealed the highest number of autophagosomes in the model group. Compared with the model group, the metformin group and the low-, medium-, and high-dose GGQLT groups showed significant decreases in serum FBG, FINS, HOMA-IR, TC, TG, LDL-C, and HDL-C levels (P<0.05, P<0.01), significant decreases in the expression of SIRT1, Beclin-1, LC3 (P<0.05, P<0.01), and up-regulated FoxO1 protein (P<0.01). Transmission electron microscopy showed a reduction in the degree of autophagy in the treatment groups. Compared with the metformin group, the medium- and high-dose GGQLT groups showed significant decreases in FBG, FINS, and TG levels (P<0.01), significant decreases in the expression of SIRT1, Beclin-1, and LC3 in liver tissues (P<0.05, P<0.01), and reduced FoxO1 protein (P<0.01). The high-dose GGQLT group showed reduced HOMA-IR, TC, LDL-C, and HDL-C levels (P<0.05, P<0.01). Transmission electron microscopy revealed a significant reduction in autophagosomes in the medium- and high-dose GGQLT groups. ConclusionGGQLT can significantly improve glucose and lipid metabolism disorders, alleviate insulin resistance in db/db mice, and prevent and treat type 2 diabetes by activating the SIRT1/FoxO1 autophagy pathway.

9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 111-121, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927917

ABSTRACT

The present study investigated the chemical constituents of Scrophulariae Radix and their antitumor activities in vitro. The compounds in the ethyl acetate extract were separated and purified by conventional column chromatographies(such as silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, and ODS column) and semi-preparative high-performance liquid chromatography(HPLC), and their structures were identified by various spectral techniques such as nuclear magnetic resonance(NMR) and mass spectrometry(MS). Twenty-three compounds were isolated and identified as benzyl-β-D-(3',6'-di-O-acetyl) glucoside(1), 5-O-p-methoxybenzoyl kojic acid(2), 5-O-methoxybenzoyl kojic acid(3), 7-O-methylbenzoyl kojic acid(4), 5-O-benzoyl kojic acid(5), methyl ferulate ethyl ether(6), trans-ferulic acid(7), trans-isoferulic acid(8), trans-caffeic acid(9), trans-caffeic acid methyl ester(10), caffeic acid ethyl ester(11), trans-cinnamic acid(12), trans-p-methoxycinnamic acid(13), trans-p-hydroxycinnamic acid(14), trans-p-hydroxycinnamic acid methyl ester(15), 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenethyl) alcohol(16),(p-hydroxyphenyl) propanoic acid(17), coniferaldehyde(18), sinapaldehyde(19), benzyl β-primeveroside(20), 5-(hydroxymethyl) furfural(21), furan-2-carboxylic acid(22), and decanedioic acid(23). Among them, compound 1 is a new benzyl glucoside, compounds 2-4 are new pyranone compounds, compound 5 is a new natural product of pyranone. The NMR data of compounds 5 and 6 are reported for the first time. Compounds 6 and 20 were isolated from the Scrophularia plant for the first time. Compounds 8, 11, 14, 16, 18, 19, 22, and 23 were isolated from this plant for the first time. The in vitro cytotoxic activities of these compounds against three tumor cell lines(HepG2, A549, and 4 T1) were evaluated. The results showed that compounds 10 and 15 showed cytotoxic activities against HepG2 cells with IC_(50) values of(19.46±0.48) μmol·L~(-1) and(46.10±1.21) μmol·L~(-1).


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Mass Spectrometry , Plant Roots/chemistry , Scrophularia/chemistry
10.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 83-86, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929738

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of miRNA-21 in serum of patients with multiple myeloma (MM) and its significance.Methods:The data of 55 MM patients and 20 healthy controls in the Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University from July 2019 to June 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Among the MM patients, 20 cases were diagnosed without treatment, 15 cases were in complete remission (CR), and 20 cases were clinically relapsed. Blood samples were collected from all subjects, and the relative expression levels of miRNA-21 were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), and the correlation of miRNA-21 expression with β 2-macroglobulin (β 2-MG), creatinine, hemoglobin, albumin, t(4;14) mutation, 13q14 mutation and prognosis were analyzed. The MM cell line LP-1 was selected, and normal bone marrow CD138-positive plasma cells were sorted by immunomagnetic beads as control cells. The relative expression levels of miRNA-21 in the two groups of cells were detected by qRT-PCR. Results:The serum relative expression level of miRNA-21 in MM group was higher than that in healthy control group (1.50±0.10 vs. 1.03±0.06, t = 7.04, P = 0.002). The serum expressions of miRNA-21 in newly diagnosed untreated MM patients and relapsed/refractory MM patients were high (1.50±0.10 and 3.13±0.32), and compared with the healthy control group, the differences were statistically significant ( t values were 7.04 and 10.22, both P < 0.05). The relative expression level of miRNA-21 in MM patients with complete remission (CR) was 1.27±0.25, which had no significant difference compared with the healthy control group ( t = 1.76, P = 0.152). The serum expression level of miRNA-21 in MM patients with high β 2-MG, high creatinine, low hemoglobin, low albumin, t(4;14) mutation, 13q14 mutation, non-remission and recurrence was significantly increased (all P < 0.05). The relative expression level of miRNA-21 in LP-1 cell line was higher than that in control cells (1.56±0.05 vs. 1.00±0.06), and the difference was statistically significant ( t = 11.73, P < 0.01). Conclusions:The miRNA-21 may be a molecular marker to assist in the diagnosis and efficacy evaluation of MM.

11.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 858-862, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955151

ABSTRACT

Objective:To estimate the incidence and risk factors of acute kidney injury (AKI) in preterm infants, and provide basis for better evaluation and treatment of renal function in preterm infants.Methods:All the hospitalized premature infants who were admitted to three research centers (Department of Neonatology at Beijing Children′s Hospital; Department of Neonatology at Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital; Department of Neonatology at Shunyi Maternal and Children′s Hospital of Beijing Children′s Hospital)from January 1, 2017 to June 30, 2019 and had more than two serum creatinine values or urine output were included.The incidence of AKI in preterm infants was calculated and the difference among different gestational weeks was compared.Preterm infants were divided into AKI and non-AKI groups according to AKI diagnostic criteria, and the clinical characteristics between two groups were compared, and the risk factors of AKI in preterm infants were analyzed.Results:A total of 763 premature infants were included in the analysis.Twenty two cases were diagnosed with AKI.The incidence of AKI in premature infants was 2.9%.The incidence of AKI was 33.3% (3/9), 3.7% (5/134), and 2.3% (14/620) in the 24-27 + 6 weeks, 28-31 + 6 weeks, and 32-36 + 6 weeks gestational age, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=31.010, P<0.001). Preterm infants in AKI group had a higher proportion of males(77.3% vs. 53.3%), lower gestational weeks[29(27, 33) weeks vs.31(29, 33)weeks], higher proportions of infants with diabetic mothers(40.9% vs.19.4%), lower Apgar scores at 1 and 5 minutes[8(7, 10) vs.9(8, 10), 9(9, 10) vs.10(9, 10), respectively], higher proportions of invasive and noninvasive respiratory support(45.5% vs.11.3%, 63.6% vs.19.2%, respectively), longer duration of invasive respiratory support[260(136, 742)h vs.72(18, 160)h], longer hospital stays[66(19, 88)d vs.42(26, 58)d], and higher rates of sepsis (27.3% vs. 6.5%), respiratory distress syndrome(40.9% vs. 11.6%), and patent ductus arteriosus that requiring ibuprofen or surgical closure(13.6% vs. 3.0%), diuretic(27.3% vs. 3.9%), and vasoactive drug use (22.7% vs. 3.6%) than those in non-AKI group, and the differences were statistically significant(all P<0.05). Multivariate regression analysis showed that sepsis was an independent risk factor for AKI in preterm infants ( P=0.039, OR=3.498, 95% CI 1.065-11.490) after adjustment of gestational age and birth weight. Conclusion:The incidence of AKI is relatively high in preterm infants with gestational age<28 weeks.Compared with preterm infants without AKI, preterm infants with AKI have smaller gestational weeks and longer hospital stay.Sepsis is an independent risk factor for AKI in preterm infants.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2461-2470, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937057

ABSTRACT

Rocuronium bromide is an acetylcholine N2 receptor antagonist, which can be used as an auxiliary drug for general anesthesia. It has been reported that rocuronium has two possible metabolic pathways: N-dealkylation and O-deacetylation, which are mainly taken up by liver and excreted by bile in the form of primary drugs. In this paper, the metabolites of rocuronium in human bile were detected by UHPLC-QE-orbitrap-MS, thirteen metabolites were detected, including eleven phase I metabolites and two phase II metabolites, eleven of which had not been previously reported. At the same time, HEK293 cells overexpressing transporter were used to explore the transmembrane transport mechanism of rocuronium, the results showed that rocuronium was the substrate of MATE1, OCT1, OATP1B1 and OATP1B3. The above research results enrich the metabolic pathway of rocuronium in vivo, and put forward the possible transport mechanism of liver uptake and bile excretion, which can better guide the accurate and safe clinical drug application. The collection of human bile samples in this study was approved by the ethics committee of Shuguang Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (Approval Number: 2019-775-130-01).

13.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 618-624, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984156

ABSTRACT

Physical exercise can reduce the overall risk of cardiovascular disease, prolong lifespan and improve the quality of life, but some studies have shown that there is a certain correlation between vigorous physical exercise and sudden cardiac death. A number of retrospective or prospective studies on sports-related sudden cardiac death (SrSCD) have been conducted at home and abroad. This article reviews the related studies on the definition, epidemiological characteristics, common causes of SrSCD and effects of excercise on cardiovascular function, pre-exercise screening and evaluation of SrSCD, in order to understand the latest research progress on SrSCD and provide clues and references for SrSCD research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retrospective Studies , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Incidence , Death, Sudden, Cardiac/prevention & control
14.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 246-253, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984116

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#By retrospective study of the epidemiological characteristics of sports-related sudden death (SrSD), the risk factors associated with SrSD were analyzed and explored to provide a scientific basis for comprehensive prevention and treatment of SrSD.@*METHODS@#The personal information (sex, age, occupation, etc.), case information (time, place, type of sports, relative time between SrSD occurrence and exercise, etc.), death related information (sign or prodrome, medical history and surgical history, etc.), rescue situation (witnesses, on-site assistance, the availability of paramedics, etc.) of 374 SrSD cases in Guangdong Province from 2017 to 2021 were collected. Statistical analysis was conducted aiming at the key factors.@*RESULTS@#In the 374 cases, there were significantly more males than females (19.78:1); the number of people aged between >39 and 59 was the largest (151, 40.37%); non-manual workers (68.98%) were more than manual workers; the top three sports with the highest number cases were basketball (34.49%), running (19.52%) and badminton (12.03%); from 3 pm to 9 pm (63.10%) was the time period with the highest incidence of events; sudden death mainly occurred during exercise (75.27%) and within 1 h after exercise (20.05%); the on-site rescue rate was very low (6.15%); the rate of autopsies was extremely low (1.07%); sudden cardiac death was the most common cause (67.11%).@*CONCLUSIONS@#SrSD is most common in males aged >39 to 59 years old, mostly in non-manual workers, and usually occurs in basketball and running. Sudden death is more likely to occur during exercise and within 1 h after exercise. Therefore, the above potential risk factors should be focused on and studied in daily comprehensive prevention and treatment to provide scientific basis for accurate prevention and first aid of such sudden death.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Autopsy , China/epidemiology , Death, Sudden, Cardiac/prevention & control , Retrospective Studies , Sports
15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2363-2369, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879199

ABSTRACT

Chinese traditional medicine compound is the main form of Chinese medicine clinical application. The elucidation of the effective components of traditional Chinese medicine is one of the key scientific issues to promote the modernization of traditional Chinese medicine. At present, there are many research ideas on the effective components of traditional Chinese medicine compounds. By analyzing the current status and existing problems of existing research ideas, the author proposes a "double reduction network pharmacology"(2 R network pharmacology) research method based on "prediction of dominant components-potential target selection". Chemical components with good properties were selected by ADMET property prediction technology, and compared with the blood components and target organ components to determine the dominant components with potential therapeutic effect, that is "reducing constituents"; the potential core regulatory pathway of traditional Chinese medicine compound was enriched by RNA-Seq technology combined with network database, and then the target of traditional Chinese medicine compound was mined based on the signal pathway, that is "reducing targets". To improve the efficiency and accuracy of effective component screening, the network relationship of "component target" was established by the related technology of network pharmacology. The purpose of this study is to provide practical research ideas and methods for clarifying the effective components of traditional Chinese medicine, revealing the law of compatibility of traditional Chinese medicine and clarifying the target of drug action.


Subject(s)
Databases, Factual , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation , Research Design
16.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 69-76, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985196

ABSTRACT

In the past, coronavirus caused two serious human-to-human pandemics in the world, including severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS). In late 2019, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused another major global public health event. Due to the strong infectivity of novel coronavirus, it is difficult to carry out the autopsy of related death cases widely. This paper reviews the previous status of the pathogen detection related to the autopsy of coronavirus infection diseases, and introduces the ongoing detection methods of novel coronavirus in clinical practice, in order to provide reference for the pathogen detection and study related to autopsy of COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autopsy , COVID-19 , Communicable Diseases , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus , SARS-CoV-2
17.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 351-357, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985224

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the correlation between the abdominal wall subcutaneous fat thickness and heart weight, so as to provide reference for prediction methods of normal range of heart weight that is suitable for autopsy in China. Methods The forensic pathology autopsy cases accepted by Center for Medicolegal Expertise of Sun Yat-sen University from 1998 to 2017 were collected. Then the exclusion criteria were determined, and according to them the total case group was selected, and the 6 disease groups and the normal group were further selected from the total case group. The rank sum test was used to compare the heart weight of the normal group and the disease groups to determine the influence of diseases on heart weight. Then the Spearman rank correlation analysis of abdominal wall subcutaneous fat thickness and heart weight in different genders and different ages in the total case group and the normal group was conducted to get the correlation coefficient (rs). Results In the total case group, correlation between abdominal wall subcutaneous fat thickness and heart weight was shown in males of all ages (P<0.05); while in females, the correlation had no statistical significance (P>0.05) in 15-<20 age and 50-<60 age, but was statistically significant (P<0.05) in other age groups. For the males in the normal group, rs was respectively 0.411, 0.541 and 0.683 in the 15-<40 age, the 40-<60 age, and the ≥60 age. For the females, rs was respectively 0.249 and 0.317 in the 15-<40 age and the 40-<60 age. The correlation in the ≥60 age had no statistical significance(P>0.05). Conclusion In the general population and the normal population, abdominal wall subcutaneous fat thickness is correlated with the heart weight of males. It is of significance to include the abdominal wall subcutaneous fat thickness in the prediction of normal range of heart weight for males in China.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Abdominal Wall/diagnostic imaging , China , Heart/diagnostic imaging , Reference Values , Subcutaneous Fat/diagnostic imaging
18.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 847-858, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984085

ABSTRACT

Since the beginning of this century, three types of coronavirus have widely transmitted and caused severe diseases and deaths, which strongly indicates that severe infectious diseases caused by coronavirus infection are not accidental events. Coronavirus-infected diseases are mainly manifested by respiratory symptoms, with multiple organ dysfunctions. Precisely investigating the pathological process, characteristics and pathogenesis of coronavirus-infected diseases will be beneficial for us to understand clinical manifestations and provide targeted suggestions on prophylaxis and treatment. This paper briefly reviews the pathological findings of three known coronavirus-infected diseases, and attempts to construct the pathological spectrum of coronavirus-infected diseases, aiming to provide reference and thinking for autopsy, histopathological examination and animal infection model study of coronavirus-infected diseases.


Subject(s)
Animals , Autopsy , COVID-19 , Forensic Pathology , SARS-CoV-2
19.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E277-E283, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904398

ABSTRACT

Objective Comprehensively considering the effectiveness and safety of massage, a method for evaluating the pros and cons of oscillation excitation and pulse excitation for lumbar oblique-pulling manipulation was proposed, and lumbar oblique-pulling manipulation under oscillation excitation was optimized. Methods A multi-rigid body biomechanical model of thoracolumbar spine was established. The manipulation force was used as the input force of the model. Using MATLAB/Simulink, variation of the displacement and acceleration of each lumbar segment with time was simulated. For the optimization of lumbar massage manipulation, the core elements of massage force, namely, frequency (f) and operand (n) were changed, and then the maximum relative displacement and maximum acceleration of each lumbar segment were compared. A new index z was proposed to comprehensively evaluate effectiveness and safety of the manipulation. Results The maximum relative displacement of each lumbar segment was almost equal when lumbar oblique-pulling manipulation under two kinds of excitation was applied. For lumbar oblique-pulling manipulation, the maximum acceleration of each lumbar segment under oscillation excitation was significantly smaller than that under pulse excitation. When the frequency of massage was 1-2.5 Hz, the overall effect of massage was better, and the overall effect had no relation with the operands, and the force of massage lasted for one operand; when the frequency of message was 3.33 Hz and the operands were more than 5, the massage had the best effect, meanwhile the strength of each lumbar segment was relatively large; when the frequency of massage exceeded 5 Hz, and the overall performance of massage was not good. Conclusions Lumbar oblique-pulling manipulation under oscillation excitation is safer than that under pulse excitation. The research findings provide doctors with a reasonable range of operating parameters for lumbar oblique-pulling manipulation under pulse excitation.

20.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 328-335, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878451

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#The effect of isoprenylcysteine carboxymethyltransferase (ICMT) silencing on the migration and invasion of tongue squamous cell carcinoma was investigated by constructing the small interfering RNA (siRNA) of ICMT.@*METHODS@#Through liposomal transfection, siRNA was transfected into human tongue squamous cell carcinoma CAL-27 and SCC-4 cells (ICMT-siRNA group) with a negative control group (transfected with NC-siRNA) and a blank control group (transfected with a transfection reagent but not with siRNA). Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed to analyze the mRNA expression of ICMT and RhoA in each group of cells after transfection and to measure the silencing efficiency. Western blot was applied to examine the expression levels of ICMT, total RhoA, membrane RhoA, ROCK1, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, and MMP-9 proteins in each group. The migration and invasion abilities were evaluated via wound healing and Transwell motility assays.@*RESULTS@#After CAL-27 and SCC-4 cells were transfected with ICMT-siRNA, the expression levels of ICMT genes and proteins decreased significantly in the experimental group compared with those in the negative and blank control groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The migration and invasion abilities of CAL-27 and SCC-4 cells were reduced significantly after the transfection of ICMT-siRNA, and the involved mechanism might be related to the RhoA-ROCK signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Protein Methyltransferases , RNA, Small Interfering , Tongue , Tongue Neoplasms , Transfection , rho-Associated Kinases
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