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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879199

ABSTRACT

Chinese traditional medicine compound is the main form of Chinese medicine clinical application. The elucidation of the effective components of traditional Chinese medicine is one of the key scientific issues to promote the modernization of traditional Chinese medicine. At present, there are many research ideas on the effective components of traditional Chinese medicine compounds. By analyzing the current status and existing problems of existing research ideas, the author proposes a "double reduction network pharmacology"(2 R network pharmacology) research method based on "prediction of dominant components-potential target selection". Chemical components with good properties were selected by ADMET property prediction technology, and compared with the blood components and target organ components to determine the dominant components with potential therapeutic effect, that is "reducing constituents"; the potential core regulatory pathway of traditional Chinese medicine compound was enriched by RNA-Seq technology combined with network database, and then the target of traditional Chinese medicine compound was mined based on the signal pathway, that is "reducing targets". To improve the efficiency and accuracy of effective component screening, the network relationship of "component target" was established by the related technology of network pharmacology. The purpose of this study is to provide practical research ideas and methods for clarifying the effective components of traditional Chinese medicine, revealing the law of compatibility of traditional Chinese medicine and clarifying the target of drug action.


Subject(s)
Databases, Factual , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation , Research Design
2.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E277-E283, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904398

ABSTRACT

Objective Comprehensively considering the effectiveness and safety of massage, a method for evaluating the pros and cons of oscillation excitation and pulse excitation for lumbar oblique-pulling manipulation was proposed, and lumbar oblique-pulling manipulation under oscillation excitation was optimized. Methods A multi-rigid body biomechanical model of thoracolumbar spine was established. The manipulation force was used as the input force of the model. Using MATLAB/Simulink, variation of the displacement and acceleration of each lumbar segment with time was simulated. For the optimization of lumbar massage manipulation, the core elements of massage force, namely, frequency (f) and operand (n) were changed, and then the maximum relative displacement and maximum acceleration of each lumbar segment were compared. A new index z was proposed to comprehensively evaluate effectiveness and safety of the manipulation. Results The maximum relative displacement of each lumbar segment was almost equal when lumbar oblique-pulling manipulation under two kinds of excitation was applied. For lumbar oblique-pulling manipulation, the maximum acceleration of each lumbar segment under oscillation excitation was significantly smaller than that under pulse excitation. When the frequency of massage was 1-2.5 Hz, the overall effect of massage was better, and the overall effect had no relation with the operands, and the force of massage lasted for one operand; when the frequency of message was 3.33 Hz and the operands were more than 5, the massage had the best effect, meanwhile the strength of each lumbar segment was relatively large; when the frequency of massage exceeded 5 Hz, and the overall performance of massage was not good. Conclusions Lumbar oblique-pulling manipulation under oscillation excitation is safer than that under pulse excitation. The research findings provide doctors with a reasonable range of operating parameters for lumbar oblique-pulling manipulation under pulse excitation.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881045

ABSTRACT

Osteoporosis is a health problem to cause global concern. A lot of methods have been used to prevent and treat osteoporosis, but there is still a lack of effective treatment for osteoporosis owing to limited understanding of its mechanism. Therefore, the aim of this present study is to explore the underlying mechanism of Wuling Powder, a traditional Chinese medicine on treating osteoporosis. In this study, we firstly screened and identified the common targets between Wuling Powder and osteoporosis through the related databases, and then explored the relationships among these targets, Wuling Powder and osteoporosis by using Gene Ontology (GO), Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) and network analyses. Subsequently, the molecular docking was performed by using systemsDock to evaluate the potential binding relationships between the active components of Wuling Powder and their related targets. The results showed that in total of 14 common targets including CREBBP, ADAM17, GOT1, GAPDH, USP8, ERBB2, EEF1A1, MTOR, RAC1, ETS1, DDX58, GCK, EGF and S100A8 were screened. EGF, ERBB2, MTOR and HIF-1 were the potential therapeutic targets for osteoporosis, and they were also the related targets for predicting active components in Wuling Powder. Taken together, we concluded that Wuling Powder might be used to treat osteoporosis through above these targets.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910869

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the association between different paths of diabetic progression and dyslipidemia in a Nanjing adult population.Methods:From January 2017 to June 2018, 61, 098 local residents aged ≥18 years were selected from the Chronic Disease and Risk Factor Surveillance database in Nanjing using a five-stage stratified cluster random sampling method. Data were collected through interview surveys, physical measurements, and laboratory examinations. The relationship between different rates of diabetic progression and dyslipidemia was analyzed using complex weighting and multilevel models.Results:In all, 60, 283 participants were finally enrolled in the study. The weighted proportions of normal glucose regulation, pre-diabetes, and diabetes were 71.2%, 17.9%, and 10.9%, respectively. The overall weighted prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of dyslipidemia were 29.8%, 41.6%, 28.9%, and 22.9%, respectively. The weighted proportion of patients with dyslipidemia combined with diabetes was 52.9%. The weighted prevalence of dyslipidemia in adults with normal glucose regulation, pre-diabetes, and diabetes was 24.0%, 38.8%, and 52.9%, respectively (all P<0.001). Compared to the normal glucose regulation group, subjects with pre-diabetes ( OR = 2.04, 95% CI: 1.95-2.13) or diabetes ( OR= 3.87, 95% CI: 3.66-4.10) had possibly gradually increased risks of dyslipidemia (all P<0.001). In addition, there was an increasing trend toward awareness, treatment, and control of dyslipidemia with increasing levels of glucose (all P<0.001). The weighted awareness of dyslipidemia in adults with normal glucose regulation, pre-diabetes, and diabetes was 36.3%, 42.8%, and 56.2%, respectively; the corresponding rates of treatment and control were 23.7%, 29.2%, and 43.7%, and 20.4%, 22.6%, and 30.1%, respectively. Conclusion:Diabetes and dyslipidemia have become the main chronic diseases in the Nanjing population.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908698

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the changes of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D 3[25-(OH)D 3] expression in diabetic patients and its correlation with macrovascular complications. Methods:Two hundreddiabetic patients admitted to Cangzhou Central Hospital from February 2018 to November 2019 were divided into macrovascular complications group (87 cases) and without macrovascular complicationsgroup (113 cases). According to the degree of 25-(OH)D 3 deficiency, 32 cases were divided into 25-(OH)D 3 normal group, 94 cases were mild deficiency group and 74 cases were moderate and severe deficiency group. At the same time, 168 outpatients were selected as control group. The levels of serum 25-(OH)D 3 were compared between diabetic group and control group, macrovascular complications group and without macrovascular complications group, and the correlation between the level of serum 25-(OH)D 3 and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) was analyzed. Results:The level of serum 25-(OH)D 3 in diabetic group was lower than that in control group: (24.79 ± 3.02) μg/L vs. (39.18 ± 4.38) μg/L, the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). The level ofserum 25-(OH)D 3 in diabetic patients with macrovascular complications group was lower than that in without macrovascular complications group: (21.08 ± 2.64) μg/L vs. (27.65 ± 3.31) μg/L; while the IMT was higher than that without macrovascular complications group: (1.29 ± 0.13) mm vs. (0.93 ± 0.10) mm, the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The incidence of macrovascular complications in 25-(OH)D 3 moderate and severe deficiency group was higher than that in 25-(OH)D 3 mild deficiency group and 25-(OH)D 3 normal group: 60.81%(45/74) vs. 40.43%(38/94), 12.50%(4/32), the difference was statistically significant ( χ2 = 21.896, P<0.05). The level of serum 25-(OH)D 3 in patients with diabetic macrovascular complications was negatively correlated with IMT ( r = -0.513, P<0.05). Conclusions:The level of serum 25-(OH)D 3 in diabetic patients is decreased, and the change of its concentration is related to the occurrence of macrovascular complications.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908339

ABSTRACT

Up to 60% of children with nephrotic syndrome may occur secondary adrenal insufficiency, and even adrenal crisis.Adrenal crisis is one of the serious complications of nephrotic syndrome in children.The mortality rate is high and it seriously threatens the life.Adrenal crisis is often lack of specific manifestations, and usually begin with gastrointestinal symptoms, accompanied by circulatory dehydration, neuropsychiatric symptoms, hyponatremia, hyperkalemia and hypoglycemia.Glucocorticoid replacement therapy is important.Active prevention can reduce the incidence of crisis and improve prognosis.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906120

ABSTRACT

Objective:This paper constructs a generalized regression neural network (GRNN) model to predict the disintegration time of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) tablets. Method:Taking Astragali Radix as a model drug, the mixed Astragali Radix powders with different powder properties were prepared by mixing Astragali Radix extract powders with microcrystalline cellulose and lactose, which were made to Astragali Radix tablets by direct compression method. The powder properties of mixed Astragali Radix powders and the disintegration time of Astragali Radix tablets were determined, respectively. The correlation between the original data was eliminated by principal component analysis (PCA). The principal component factors were used as the input layer of the GRNN model, and the disintegration time was used as the output layer for network training. Finally, the verification group data was used to predict the disintegration time, and the network prediction accuracy was calculated by comparing with the actual value. Result:Three principal component factors were obtained through PCA by analyzing the original nine variables that were correlated with each other (Hausner ratio, true density, tap density, compression degree, angle of repose, bulk density, porosity, water content and total dissolved solids), which reduced the complexity of the network. The prediction value of the disintegration time based on this prediction method was in good agreement with the actual value, the error of disintegration time was 0.01-1.34 min and the average relative error was 3.16%. Conclusion:Based on the GRNN mathematical model, the physical properties of Astragali Radix extract powders can be used to accurately predict the disintegration time of Astragali Radix tablets, which provides a reference for studying the disintegration time of TCM tablets.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1797-1803, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887024

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to establish a method for positioning six chromatographic peaks occurred in HPLC profile of Gastrodiae Rhizoma. The "liner calibration with two reference substances" (LCTRS) method was used to calculate the retention time so as to assist in positioning of chromatographic peaks in terms of the prediction accuracy of retention time and the coincidence rate of chromatographic column. A total of 24 C18 chromatographic columns from different brands and types available were used to determine the retention times of six components in Gastrodiae Rhizoma, then the average retention time of each component was obtained as standard retention time (SRT). Parishin E (peak 3) and Parishin A (peak 6) were simultaneously taken as reference substance to forecast the retention time of the other four components by using the LCTRS method. Four different C18 columns were employed to verify the method. Meanwhile, for the purpose of comparison, the relative retention time (RRT) method was applied to forecast the retention time, by using Parishin E as the single reference substance. The comparison between LCTRS and RRT methods indicated that the former was more accurate in predicting the retention time and more applicable in utilization of chromatographic columns. This study demonstrated that the LCTRS method shows the superior performance in positioning of chromatographic peak, and therefore has a good prospect of application.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885868

ABSTRACT

Scleral buckling surgery is a main surgical method for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, and it is the basic skill of retinal surgeons. As a kind of classic treatment, retinal surgeons must recognize and understand the essence and connotation of scleral buckling surgery, master and apply skillfully, improve the success rate of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, and use the minimum amount of surgical combination to achieve anatomical retinal reattachment and restore visual function as much as possible.

10.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 627-630, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884094

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the incidence rate of breast cancer has increased year by year, and gradually tends to be younger. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) has become the standard treatment for locally advanced breast cancer (LABC). Therefore, it is of great clinical significance to evaluate the efficacy of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in early and effective manner. Multimodal ultrasound plays an important role in evaluating the response of neoadjuvant chemotherapy. This article will review the recent research progress of three-dimensional multimodal ultrasound in the evaluation of neoadjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer .

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878451

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#The effect of isoprenylcysteine carboxymethyltransferase (ICMT) silencing on the migration and invasion of tongue squamous cell carcinoma was investigated by constructing the small interfering RNA (siRNA) of ICMT.@*METHODS@#Through liposomal transfection, siRNA was transfected into human tongue squamous cell carcinoma CAL-27 and SCC-4 cells (ICMT-siRNA group) with a negative control group (transfected with NC-siRNA) and a blank control group (transfected with a transfection reagent but not with siRNA). Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed to analyze the mRNA expression of ICMT and RhoA in each group of cells after transfection and to measure the silencing efficiency. Western blot was applied to examine the expression levels of ICMT, total RhoA, membrane RhoA, ROCK1, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, and MMP-9 proteins in each group. The migration and invasion abilities were evaluated via wound healing and Transwell motility assays.@*RESULTS@#After CAL-27 and SCC-4 cells were transfected with ICMT-siRNA, the expression levels of ICMT genes and proteins decreased significantly in the experimental group compared with those in the negative and blank control groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The migration and invasion abilities of CAL-27 and SCC-4 cells were reduced significantly after the transfection of ICMT-siRNA, and the involved mechanism might be related to the RhoA-ROCK signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Protein Methyltransferases , RNA, Small Interfering , Tongue , Tongue Neoplasms , Transfection , rho-Associated Kinases
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878411

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to explore the effects of silencing isoprenylcysteine carboxyl methyltransfe-rase (Icmt) through small interfering RNA (siRNA) interference on the proliferation and apoptosis of tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC).@*METHODS@#Three siRNA were designed and constructed for the Icmt gene sequence and were then transfected into TSCC cells CAL-27 and SCC-4 to silence Icmt expression. The tested cells were divided as follows: RNA interference groups Icmt-siRNA-1, Icmt-siRNA-2, and Icmt-siRNA-3, negative control group, and blank control group. The transfection efficiency of siRNA was detected by the fluorescent group Cy3-labeled siRNA, and the expression of Icmt mRNA was screened by quantitive real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) selected the experimental group for subsequent experiments. The expression of Icmt, RhoA, Cyclin D1, p21, extracellular regulated protein kinases (ERK), and phospho-extracellular regulated protein kinases (p-ERK) were analyzed by Western blot. The proliferation abilities of TSCC cells were determined by cell counting kit-8 assay. The change in apoptosis was detected by AnnexinV-APC/propidium staining (PI) assay. Cell-cycle analysis was conducted by flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#The expression of Icmt mRNA and protein in TSCC cells significantly decreased after Icmt-siRNA transfection (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Silencing Icmt can effectively downregulate its expression in TSCC cells, reduce the RhoA membrane targeting localization and cell proliferation, and induce apoptosis. Thus, Icmt may be a potential gene therapy target for TSCC.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Protein Methyltransferases , RNA, Small Interfering , Tongue , Tongue Neoplasms
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871778

ABSTRACT

The treatment for retinoblastoma (RB) has been reached the stage of life-saving and vision-saving care. It is necessary to improve the survival rate and prolong the life time of RB children, retaining the eyeball and improving the quality of life. If the diagnosis is not timely and the treatment is inappropriate, the tumor recurrence, extraocular spread and metastasis of retinoblastoma will occur. The rate of eye protection and the survival chance of RB children will be reduced. With the continuous exploration of RB therapy and the emergence of new treatment methods, how to correctly select and evaluate these treatment methods and to adopt the most safe and effective treatment for RB children, to achieve long-term cure effect, is an important problem which clinicians need to consider.

14.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 26-33, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870933

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the Oxford classification (MESTC) and the International Study of Kidney Disease in Children (ISKDC) classification for evaluating the clinical manifestations,histological lesion and short-term prognosis of children with Henoch-Sch(o)nlein purpura nephritis (HSPN).Methods According to the Oxford classification and ISKDC classification,the histological lesions of children with HSPN diagnosed by renal biopsy from Beijing Children's Hospital affiliated to Capital Medical University from January 2018 to December 2018 were re-evaluated.The renal biopsy specimens of the selected subjects were scored according to the Oxford classification and the ISKDC classification.According to whether the first symptom was combined with renal performance,MESTC score and ISKDC classification,children were grouped.The differences in clinicopathological manifestations between the groups were compared.Correlation between MESTC and ISKDC grades was analyzed by nonparametric test rank correlation.Kaplan-Meier survival curve and Log-rank test were used to compare the difference of proteinuria remission rate between the two groups.Univariate and multivariate Cox regression equations were used to analyze the influencing factors of the proteinuria remission rate.Results A total of 78 children with HSPN were enrolled.There were 37 male patients (47.4%) with age of (10.4+2.9) years.When the patients were divided according to MESTC scores and ISKDC classification,the results showed that the proportion of children with nephrotic-range proteinuria in the group of endocapillary hypercellularity (E1,P=0.008),segmental glomerulosclerosis (S1,P=0.015) and ISKDC Ⅲ (P=0.041) was higher than that of E0,S0 and ISKDC Ⅱ groups.The proportion of children with E1 (P=0.015),crescents (C1&C2,P=0.025) or ISKDC Ⅲ (P=0.017) that had been treated with high-dose methylprednisolone was higher.The result of Kaplan-Meier survival curve showed more difficult for proteinuria remission in children with C2 are than C0&C1 group (P=0.026),while no difference were found when children were grouped by M,E,S,T and ISKDC.Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that the C2 (HR=0.143,95%C1 0.020-1.046,P=0.055) might be a risk factor for proteinuria remission,while the P value was close to 0.05.Conclusions Children with HSPN scored as ISKDC Ⅲ,E1 and S1 are more likely to show nephrotic-range proteinuria.C2 may indicate that patients are more difficult to achieve proteinuria remission.

15.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 445-452, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868991

ABSTRACT

Distal femoral fracture is one of the difficult fractures to treat due to the complex types and varies complications after operation. The concept about closed reduction to deal with fracture has been accepted widely with the innovation of surgical technology and internal fixation. Some tissue, including joint capsule, ligaments, muscles and tendons, surround femoral condyle, which indicates they may tract the fractured bone to deformity. In addition, the difficulty of reduction during operation may be increased with combined other injuries. At present, the idea of using different methods to reduce the re-injury before the closed reduction of distal femoral fracture has been recognized and popularized. A kind of appropriate reduction and internal fixation can not only reduce the difficulty of operation but also shorten the operation duration and reduce the incidence of postoperative complications. In addition to the common reduction method of manual reduction, plate can not only be taken as internal fixation, but also achieve reduction reviewing literatures about the methods of reduction in recent years. However, it is not suitable for some complex fractures. The traction table is not widely used at present due to varies complications. Distractors like AO distractor or other kinds of femoral distractors can achieve reduction by providing reverse force. However, it should be noticed that some risk factors such as vascular and nerve injury can occur during the surgery. The present study summarized different ways that were adopted during the closed reduction and internal fixation of distal femoral fractures. The appropriate method chose by surgeons to improve the efficiency and reduce risks should be used based on the need of surgery.

16.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1342-1346, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867400

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of Automated Breast Volume Scanner (ABVS) in evaluating the response of neoadjuvant chemotherapy(NACT) for different molecular subtypes of breast cancer.Methods:Based on immunohistochemical technique, breast cancer was divided into three molecular subtypes according to the negative or positive results of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR) and proto oncogene human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), namely luminal group [ER(+ ) or PR(+ ), and HER2(-/+ )], triple-negative group [ER(-), PR(-) and HER2(-)], HER2 group [ER(-), PR(-)and HER2(+ )]. ABVS was used to analyze the changes of tumor size related parameters in 78 breast cancer patients with three subtypes during NACT.Results:After NACT, the size , area and volume of primary lesion diminished obviously ( P<0.05). 19 cases achieved complete response and 40 cases achieved partial response according to response evaluation criteria in solid tumors (RECIST). After the end of the second cycle of NACT, the primary tumor shrank significantly in HER2 group, and luminal and tri-negative groups were significantly reduced after the end of the third cycle. Conclusions:ABVS has a good value in evaluating the efficacy for different molecular substypes of NACT in breast cancer.

17.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 26-33, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799026

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the Oxford classification (MESTC) and the International Study of Kidney Disease in Children (ISKDC) classification for evaluating the clinical manifestations, histological lesion and short-term prognosis of children with Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis (HSPN).@*Methods@#According to the Oxford classification and ISKDC classification, the histological lesions of children with HSPN diagnosed by renal biopsy from Beijing Children's Hospital affiliated to Capital Medical University from January 2018 to December 2018 were re-evaluated. The renal biopsy specimens of the selected subjects were scored according to the Oxford classification and the ISKDC classification. According to whether the first symptom was combined with renal performance, MESTC score and ISKDC classification, children were grouped. The differences in clinicopathological manifestations between the groups were compared. Correlation between MESTC and ISKDC grades was analyzed by nonparametric test rank correlation. Kaplan-Meier survival curve and Log-rank test were used to compare the difference of proteinuria remission rate between the two groups. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression equations were used to analyze the influencing factors of the proteinuria remission rate.@*Results@#A total of 78 children with HSPN were enrolled. There were 37 male patients (47.4%) with age of (10.4±2.9) years. When the patients were divided according to MESTC scores and ISKDC classification, the results showed that the proportion of children with nephrotic-range proteinuria in the group of endocapillary hypercellularity (E1, P=0.008), segmental glomerulosclerosis (S1, P=0.015) and ISKDCⅢ(P=0.041) was higher than that of E0, S0 and ISKDCⅡ groups. The proportion of children with E1 (P=0.015), crescents (C1&C2, P=0.025) or ISKDCⅢ(P=0.017) that had been treated with high-dose methylprednisolone was higher. The result of Kaplan-Meier survival curve showed more difficult for proteinuria remission in children with C2 are than C0&C1 group (P=0.026), while no difference were found when children were grouped by M, E, S, T and ISKDC. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that the C2 (HR=0.143, 95%CI 0.020-1.046, P=0.055) might be a risk factor for proteinuria remission, while the P value was close to 0.05.@*Conclusions@#Children with HSPN scored as ISKDCⅢ, E1 and S1 are more likely to show nephrotic-range proteinuria. C2 may indicate that patients are more difficult to achieve proteinuria remission.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827207

ABSTRACT

Macroangiopathy is a complication of Type II Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM), which is mainly caused by fibrosis of blood vessels. Using T2DM rat models, we investigated whether the traditional Chinese medicine, Di-Dang Decoction (DDD), exhibited anti-fibrotic actions on great vessels. T2DM rats were randomly divided into non-intervention group, early-, middle-, late-stage DDD intervention groups and control groups, including pioglitazone group and aminoguanidine group. After administration of DDD to T2DM rats at different times, we detected the amount of extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition in the thoracic aorta. The results showed that early-stage intervention with DDD could effectively protect great vessels from ECM deposition. Considering that TGF-β1 is the master regulator of fibrosis, we further validated at the molecular level that, compared to middle- and late-stage intervention with DDD, early-stage intervention with DDD could significantly decrease the expression levels of factors related to the activated TGF-β1/Smad signalling pathway, as well as the expression levels of downstream effectors including CTGF, MMP and TIMP family proteins, which were directly involved in ECM remodelling. Therefore, early-stage intervention with DDD can reduce macrovascular fibrosis and prevent diabetic macroangiopathy.

19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1144-1151, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827149

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of regulating A20 expression on NF-κB and biological characteristics of Jurkat cells with glucocorticoid (GC) resistance.@*METHODS@#CCRF CEM and Jurkat cells were treated with dexamethasone (DEX) at concentrations of 100、10、1、0.1、0.01 and 0.001 μmol/L, and cultured for 24、48 and 72 h. The proliferation inhibition rate of Jurkat cell was detected by CCK-8. A20 plasmid was constructed, A20-siRNA was designed and synthesized, and transfected into Jurkat cells by liposome. CCK-8 was used to detect the proliferation rates of Jurkat cells in different concentrations of DEX group, DEX combined with A20 plasmid group and A20-siRNA group. The mRNA expression level of NF-κB was detected by RT-qPCR, the protein expression level of NF-κB was detected by Western blot, and the apoptosis of Jurkat cells was examined by flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#The inhibitory effects of DEX at different concentrations on the growth of CCRF CEM cells were time-dependent (r=0.984, P<0.05) and concentration-dependent (r=0.966, P<0.05). At the point of 24 hour, the IC approached 1 μmol/L in CCRF CEM cells. Great large differences began to appear between 1 and 10 μmol/L, the proliferation rate of Jurkat cells treated with 1 μmol/L DEX did not show a significant change. Therefore, 1 μmol/L was selected as control group. The cell proliferation rate of A20 plasmid transfection combined with different concentrations of DEX group was lower than that of DEX group and A20-siRNA combined with DEX group. After transfection of A20 plasmid, the expression level of NF-κB was significantly lower than that of control group (P<0.05), and the apoptotic rate was significantly higher than that of control group (P<0.05). After transfection of Jurkat cells with A20-siRNA, the expression level of NF-κB was significantly higher than that of control group (P<0.05). The apoptotic rate of cells in A20-siRNA group was not significantly changed (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Jurkat cells are resistant to DEX. A20 overexpression combined with DEX can increase sensitivity of Jurkat cells with GC resistance and decrease the proliferation rate of Jurkat cells, down-regulate the expression level of NF-κB and promote the apoptosis of Jurkat cells.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Jurkat Cells , NF-kappa B , RNA, Small Interfering , Transfection , Tumor Necrosis Factor alpha-Induced Protein 3
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818119

ABSTRACT

Objective Few studies are reported on the aging of veneering ceramics. This study was to investigate the effects of aging on surface roughness, composition and hardness of veneering ceramics for zirconia frameworks.Methods Twenty specimens were fabricated with each of the five types of veneering ceramics for zirconia frameworks - Vintage ZR (ZR), Cerabien ZR (CZR), VitaVM9 (VM9), Cercon ceram KISS (KISS) and IPS e.max ceram (e.max). The specimens were randomly divided into an aging and a control group of equal number, the former subjected to accelerated aging at 200 ℃ and 2 atm for 5 hours while the latter left untreated. The surface roughness and Vickers hardness of the specimens were measured using laser profilometry and Vicker's indentation test machine and their surface topography and chemical composition examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS).Results Compared with the control group, the aged specimens fabricated with ZR showed significantly increased surface roughness parameters Ra (\[0.157±0.009\] vs \[0.197±0.008\] μm, P=0.000), Rp (\[0.356±0.031\] vs \[0.446±0.036\] μm, P=0.000) and Rv (\[0.411±0.034\] vs \[0.498±0.036\] μm, P=0.000), and so did those fabricated with CZR, VM9 and KISS (P=0.000). The Ra, Rp and Rv parameter values of the aged specimens with CZR were remarkably higher than those with VM9, KISS and e.max (P < 0.001), but those of the aged specimens with e.max markedly lower than those with ZR, CZR, VM9 and KISS (P<0.01). The RSm value was significantly higher in all the aged specimens than in the control (P<0.001), and so was the oxygen content (P<0.05), but the levels of sodium and potassium were lower in the former than in the latter group (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the silicon content was significantly decreased in the aged specimens with ZR, KISS and e.max (P<0.01), and so was that of calcium in those with ZR and VM9 (P<0.05). The Vickers hardness of the aged specimens with ZR was remarkably lower than that of the control (\[5.01±0.28\] vs \[6.91±0.51\] GPa, P=0.000), and so was that of the other aged specemens (P=0.000).Conclusion Accelerated aging can significantly alter the surface properties, enhance the stability and prolong the working life of veneering ceramics for zirconia frameworks.

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