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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876163

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the trend of Helicobacter pylori (Hp) resistance to clarithromycin and levofloxacin and to provide guidance for Hp eradication therapy. Methods:From January 2014 to December 2018, a total of 66 515 patients with gastrointestinal symptoms were enrolled in the First People's Hospital of Wenling. The patients were divided into the following groups: childhood (0 to 6 years old); juvenile (7 to 17 years old); youth (18 to 40 years old),middle age (41 to 65 years old),and old age (≥66 years old). All patients received gastroscopy, gastric mucosal biopsy, Hp culture and drug sensitivity test of clarithromycin and levofloxacin. Results:The Hp positive rate showed a significant downward trend in 2016, 2017 and 2018 (χ2=14.317, 47.079, 88.054, all P<0.05). The average resistance rate of Hp to clarithromycin from 2014 to 2018 was 22.72% (4 732/20 831) showing an increasing trend, but the increase was slower after 2017. The average resistance rate to levofloxacin was 30.55% (6 364/20 831), and the overall trend showed a sharp rise from 2015 to 2017 (χ2=38.383, 49.569, both P<0.05), and a significant decline was detected after 2017 (χ2=18.841, P<0.05). The resistance rate of Hp to levofloxacin in patients increased with age. The clarithromycin resistance rate first decreased and then increased with age, and the resistance rate in old age (32.52%, 763/2 346) was higher than that in youth (22.09%, 1 086/4 916) and middle age patients (21.21%, 2 854/13 458), and the differences were significant (χ2=991.071, 144.968, both P<0.05). The resistance rate of Hp rose from 12.73% (14/110) in juvenile to 43.31% (1 016/2 346) in old age (χ2=228.867, P<0.05). Conclusion:In recent years, the positive rate of Hp infection in Wenling area has a decreasing trend. Although the resistance rate of Hp to clarithromycin and levofloxacin has been rising slowly or decreasing, it is still at a high level. In the selection of Hp eradication program, the differences between patients in different age groups should be considered with particular attention on the minors.

2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1081-1091, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878615

ABSTRACT

The enterobacterial common antigen (ECA) is a polysaccharide composed of polysaccharide repeats that are located in the outer membrane of almost all Enterobacteriaceae bacteria and has diverse biological functions. ECA is synthesized by the synergistic action of multiple genes that are present in clusters on the genome of Enterobacteriaceae bacteria, forming the ECA antigen gene cluster, an important virulence factor that plays a role in host invasion and survival of Enterobacteriaceae in vivo. ECA also plays an important role in the maintenance of the bacterial outer membrane permeability barrier, flagella gene expression, swarming motility, and bile salts resistance. In addition, ECALPS, anchored in the core region of bacterial lipopolysaccharide, is an important surface antigen for bacteria, stimulating high levels of antibody production in the host and could be a target for vaccine research. This review summarizes ECA purification, genes involved in ECA biosynthesis, its immunological characteristics, biological functions and clinical applications.


Subject(s)
Antigens, Bacterial/genetics , Enterobacteriaceae/genetics , Lipopolysaccharides , Polysaccharides
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885056

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor/ heme oxygenase-1 (Nrf2/HO-1) signaling pathway in dexmedetomidine-induced reduction of oxygen-glucose deprivation and restoration (OGD/R) injury to microglia.Methods:BV-2 microglia were cultured in high-glucose DMEM culture medium supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum in an normal culture incubator at 37 ℃ (5%CO 2-21%O 2-74 %N 2). The cells were seeded in 96-well plates at a density of 1.5×10 4 cells/ml (200 μl/well) or 6-well plates at a density of 2×10 5 cells/ml (2 ml/well) and divided into 5 groups ( n=30 each) using a random number table method: control group (group C), dexmedetomidine group (group D), group OGD/R, OGD/R+ dexmedetomidine group (group OGD/R+ D) and OGD/R+ dexmedetomidine+ ML385 group (group OGD/R+ D+ ML). The cells in group C were continuously cultured in a normal culture incubator for 26 h. In group D, dexmedetomidine at the final concentration of 10 μmol/L was added, cells were incubated for 2 h, and then were continuously incubated in a normal culture incubator for 26 h. In OGD/R, OGD/R+ D and OGD/R+ D+ ML groups, the culture medium was replaced with glucose-free DMEM culture medium, cells were cultured for 2 h in an incubator at 37 ℃ (5%CO 2-1%O 2-94 %N 2), the culture medium was replaced with high-glucose DMEM culture medium containing 10% fetal bovine serum and then the cells were cultured for 24 h in a normal incubator.Dexmedetomidine at the final concentration of 10 μmol/L was added at 2 h before OGD in OGD/R+ D and OGD/R+ D+ ML groups.Nrf-2 inhibitor ML385 at the final concentration of 4 μmol/L was added at 30 min before dexmedetomidine was added in group OGD/R+ D+ ML.Cells in 6 wells in each group were selected randomly for assessment of cell viability (by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium assay) and apoptosis (using flow cytometry), and for determination of the concentrations of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-6, and IL-10 in the supernatant (using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay), the expression of Nrf2 in nucleus, Nrf2 and HO-1(by Western blot ) and the expression of HO-1 mRNA (by real-time polymerase chain reaction). Results:Compared with group C, the cell viability was significantly decreased, cell apoptosis rate and concentrations of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-10 in the supernatant were increased, and the expression of Nrf2 in nucleus, Nrf2, HO-1 and its mRNA was up-regulated in OGD/R and OGD/R+ D groups ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in each parameter mentioned above in group D ( P>0.05). Compared with group OGD/R, the cell viability and IL-10 in the supernatant concentration were significantly increased, cell apoptosis rate and concentrations of TNF-α and IL-6 in the supernatant were decreased and the expression of Nrf2 in nucleus, Nrf2, HO-1 and its mRNA was up-regulated in group OGD/R+ D ( P<0.05), and no significant changes were found in the parameters mentioned above in group OGD/R+ D+ ML ( P>0.05). Compared with group OGD/R+ D, the cell viability and concentration of IL-10 in the supernatant were significantly decreased, cell apoptosis rate and concentrations of TNF-α and IL-6 in the supernatant were increased and the expression of Nrf2 in nucleus, Nrf2, HO-1 and its mRNA was down-regulated in group OGD/R+ D+ ML ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The mechanism by which dexmedetomidine alleviates OGD/R injury to microglia may be related to promoting the activation of Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway and inhibition of inflammatory responses.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827964

ABSTRACT

Stilbenes is a class of natural polyphenols with 1,2-diphenylethylene as the skeleton structure which have structural and active diversity. However, there are fewer studies on their metabolic process, which limits the in-depth research and development of such components. An UPLC-MS/MS method simultaneously determining contents of ten stilbenes was firstly established in this study and applied to study the ten stilbenes of peony seed coats in the serum of C57 mice.Piceatannol was the internal standard, and methanol was used for protein precipitation, UPLC-MS/MS with negative ion mode was used for analysis, and the method was validated.The serum samples were collected and detected after mice being oral administered with 800 mg·kg~(-1) peony seed coat extracts for 8 weeks. The results showed that suffruticosol A, suffruticosol B, suffruticosol C, trans-ε-viniferin, cis-gnetin H, trans-suffruticosol D and trans-gnetin H were detected in serum samples, and the highest is suffruticosol A. The method is simple and quick with high specificity and sensitivity, and it is suitable for quantitative determination of ten stilbenes in the serum of mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Mice , Paeonia , Reproducibility of Results , Seeds , Chemistry , Stilbenes , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868093

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the classification of persistent fifth aortic arch (PFAA) and the value of echocardiography in the diagnosis of PFAA.Methods:A total of 16 cases (male 6, female 10, at ages from 7 days to 4 years and 2 months old, the median age was 3 months) diagnosed with PFAA in Beijing Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from January 2013 to June 2019 were studied retrospectively. The diagnosis standard, differential methods and misdiagnosed analysis of different subtypes of PFAA by echocardiography were summarized and analyzed.Results:The 16 cases included 1 case of type A1 double lumen aortic arch, 8 cases of type A2 single-lumen aortic arch, 3 cases of type B1 with pulmonary atresia and 4 cases of type B3 pulmonary artery branch arising from the distal end of ascending aorta. Only one patient of double lumen aortic arch missed diagnosis by echocardiography, and the rest were accurately diagnosed by echocardiography. CTA was performed in 13 cases, including 9 cases of type A, 1 case of type B1 and 3 cases of type B3, which confirmed the echocardiography diagnosis. Seven cases of Type A2 were operated.Conclusions:PFAA is a rare and complicated aortic arch malformation, which is divided into four major classification and multiple subtypes. Echocardiography can diagnose the PFAA and its classification, it is of great clinical significance for the early diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of children.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864291

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the method and clinical effect of transcatheter closure of children′s secondary atrial septal defect (ASD) by femoral vein under the guidance of echocardiography.Methods:A total of 306 children (137 males and 169 females) with secondary ASD undergoing transcatheter closure surgery in the Department of Car-diology of Beijing Children′s Hospital from January 2017 to October 2019 were enrolled.The age of the patients was 2.1-15.0 years old [(6.18±2.45) years old], and the weight was 10-63 kg [(23.05±9.97) kg]. Among 306 children, 259 cases had single central ASD, with the defect diameter of 5-25 mm; 47 cases had ethmoid ASD, and the shunting range was measured to be 11-31 mm by echocardiography.Patients had normal cardiac function, and no other cardiac malformations were found.Eighteen children are complicated with other system malformations, including funnel chest in 5 children, chicken chest in 4 children, scoliosis in 4 children, epilepsy in 2 children, and Down′s syndrome in 3 children.In addition, there were 8 children with ASD and arrhythmia.Specifically, 3 cases were complicated by preexcitation syndrome, 3 cases by ventricular premature beat and 2 cases by supraventricular tachycardia.Three patients with ventricular premature beat, 1 patient with supraventricular tachycardia and 1 patient with preexcitation syndrome had indications of radiofrequency ablation.All the operations were performed in the same time with ASD occlusion via femoral vein under basic anesthesia.ASD occlusion was guided by transthoracic or transesophageal echocardiography.Results:Of all 306 cases enrolled, ASD occlusion was successfully performed in 301 cases under the guidance of echocardiography, but it failed in 5 cases due to the large ultrasonic defect during the operation.For these 5 patients, the occluder was successfully released by the method of left superior pulmonary vein under X-ray.The operation time (from the beginning of anesthesia to the sheath extubation) was 17-45 min, with an average of (21.25±8.84) min.The occluder model was 10-30 mm.The operation process was smooth, and there were no serious complications during and after the operation.Conclusions:ASD transcatheter closure by femoral vein puncture under the guidance of echocardiography is safe and feasible operation for children with ASD.It is minimally invasive and causes no radiation injury.

8.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 996-1000, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805827

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the role of DNA methylation in sepsis-associated encephalopathy in mice.@*Methods@#A total of 144 clean-grade healthy male C57BL/6 mice, aged 6-8 weeks, weighing 20-25 g, were divided into 4 groups (n=36 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (group Sham), sepsis group (group Sepsis), sham operation plus S-adenosyl methionine (SAM) group (group Sham+ SAM) and sepsis plus SAM group (group Sepsis+ SAM). Sepsis was produced by cecum ligation and puncture (CLP). In Sham+ SAM and Sepsis+ SAM groups, DNA methylated methyl donor SAM 100 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected at 1 h before operation and 12 h after operation, while the equal volume of normal saline was given instead in Sham and Sepsis groups.The cognitive function was assessed using Y-maze and contextual fear conditioning test at 1, 3 and 7 days after CLP.Mice were sacrificed at 1, 3 and 7 days after CLP, and the hippocampal tissues were taken for determination of genome-wide DNA methylation (by colorimetric assay) and expression of DNA methyltransferase enzymes (DNMT1, DNMT3a, and DNMT3b), ten-eleven translocation (TET) enzymes (TET1, TET2 and TET3) and thymine-DNA glycosylase (TDG) mRNA (by fluorescent quantitative real-time).@*Results@#Compared with group Sham, the time of staying at the novel arm was significantly shortened, the percentage of time spent freezing and the total number of entries into each arm were reduced, genome-wide DNA methylation in hippocampal tissues was decreased at 1, 3 and 7 days after CLP, the expression of DNMT1, DNMT3a, TET1, TET2, TET3 and TDG was up-regulated, and the expression of DNMT3b was down-regulated in group Sepsis (P<0.05). Compared with group Sepsis, the time of staying at the novel arm was significantly prolonged, the percentage of time spent freezing and the total number of entries into each arm were increased, the expression of DNMT1, DNMT3a, TET1, TET2, TET3 and TDG mRNA was down-regulated, and the expression of DNMT3b was up-regulated in group Sepsis+ SAM(P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#DNA methylation is involved in the development of sepsis-associated encephalopathy in mice.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804924

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the characteristics and influencing factors of new occupational diseases in Tianjin from 2008 to 2017, and to provide scientific basis for the formulation of prevention and control measures for occupational diseases in Tianjin.@*Methods@#In 2018, data on the new occupational disease in Tianjin from 2008 to 2017 were collected from the China Disease Prevention and Control Information System. Statistical analysis was performed on the basic situation, the nature of the company, and the distribution of the industry.@*Results@#A total of 5201 cases of occupational diseases were reported in Tianjin from 2008 to 2017, mainly including pneumoconiosis (92.37%) , followed by occupational poisoning (2.88%) , and the third occupational ENT disease (2.31%) . The male cases were higher than females, with a median age of 56 years and a median of 20 years of service. The most reported area was Hedong District (26.86%) . The economic type and scale of the cases belonged to state-owned large and medium-sized enterprises. The industry is mainly composed of non-metallic mineral products, and there are significant differences in the composition ratios of its economic type (χ2=19240.00, P<0.01) , enterprise size (χ2=3883.00, P<0.01) and industry (χ2=52050.00, P<0.01) .@*Conclusion@#Pneumoconiosis, occupational poisoning and occupational ENT diseases are the key prevention and control occupational diseases in Tianjin city. It is necessary to strengthen the prevention and control of occupational diseases in large and medium-sized state-owned enterprises, and to respond to occupational disease hazards in such key industries as the manufacturing industry so as to protect the health of occupational groups.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804566

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of 2, 2', 4, 4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether (PBDE-47) on the mitochondrial mass in rat adrenal pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells and the potential mechanisms.@*Methods@#Highly differentiated PC12 cells were divided into control, 1, 10 or 20 μmol/L PBDE-47-treated groups and cultured for 24 h. Transmission electron microscopy was employed to observe the changes in mitochondrial morphology and quantity in PC12 cells. Flow cytometry was used to measure the fluorescence intensity of Nonyl Acridine Orange (NAO) , a fluorescent indicator of mitochondrial membrane cardiolipin, to reflect mitochondria mass. Western blotting was used to determine the expression levels of Mitofusion 1 (Mfn1) and Fission 1 (Fis1) proteins. To further explore the role of abnormal mitochondrial fusion and fission in PBDE-47-induced mitochondrial mass changes, PC12 cells were divided into control group, 5 μmol/L M1 treatment group, 20 μmol/L PBDE-47 treatment group and 5 μmol/L M1+20 μmol/L PBDE-47 combined treatment group and cultured for 24 h, then the fluorescence intensity of NAO and expression levels of Mfn1 and Fis1 proteins were detected.@*Results@#The control group showed numerous mitochondria with normal morphology, while the number of mitochondria decreased after PBDE-47 treatment. Especially, the disappeared cristae, swelling and vacuoles of mitochondria and decreased fluorescence intensity of NAO (P<0.05) were observed in 10 and 20 μmol/L PBDE-47-treated groups. Meanwhile, the expression levels of Mfn1 and Fis1 proteins in the 10 and 20 μmol/L PBDE-47-treated groups were significantly decreased compared with control group (P<0.05) . However, 5 μmol/L M1 co-treatment with 20 μmol/L PBDE-47 significantly increased the levels of Mfn1 and Fis1 proteins and fluorescence intensity of NAO compared with the 20 μmol/L PBDE-47 group (P<0.05) .@*Conclusion@#PBDE-47 can inhibit the mitochondrial fusion and fission process, thus leading to damage of mitochondria mass in PC12 cells.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796408

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To clarify the association between occupational exposure to wood dust and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease risk by a meta-analysis.@*Methods@#A systematic search of the studies was conducted using 3 English databases (Pubmed, Embase, and Cochrane library) and 3 Chinese databases (CNKI, WanFang, and VIP) before March 2019. The following key words was used: 1) wood, 2) hardwood, 3) softwood, 4) saw, 5) dust, 6) chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, 7) chronic obstructive airway disease, 8) lung function. A quality score was evaluated by Newcastle-Ottawa Scale, NOS (Wells, 2012). Pooled effect value with 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated using fixed-effect model (Heterogeneity test I2<25%) or random-effect model (Heterogeneity test I2≥25%). Meta-regression was used to explore heterogeneous source. Sensitivity analysis was used to verify the stability of the results. Publication bias was assessed by Egger's test. Fill and trim method was used to correct the pool effect value with 95%CI for studies which wit publication bias. The TSA threshold was calculated by the O'Brien-Fleming loss function in the TSA data. The studies were evaluated based on the accrued information size (AIS) .@*Results@#A total of 9 studies were included in the analysis. The occupational exposure to wood dust was not significantly associated with increased chronic obstructive pulmonary disease risk (ES=1.01, 95%CI: 0.856-1.194). TSA showed that the cumulative Z-value curve neither gone beyond the traditional (Z=1.96) threshold line, nor exceed the TSA threshold, but has reached the expected amount of information. This result was consistent with the meta-analysis.@*Conclusion@#This study does not yet consider that COPD is associated with occupational wood dust exposure.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791235

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the distribution and transmission characteristics of vancomycin -resistant Enterococcus faecium (VREF) carrying both vanA and vanM in the intensive care unit.Methods VREF strains were isolated from patients in the intensive care unit of Jinshan Hospital , Fudan University in Shanghai from 2013 to 2017.Antimicrobial susceptibilities of the VREF strains to nine antibiotics , including vancomycin, teicoplanin, linezolid and chloromycetin , were tested by broth microdilution method.Multiple polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used for van genotyping and pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) was used for homology analysis.Results Thirty-five strains were mainly isolated from urine (16 strains), blood (11 strains), feces ( five strains ), bile ( two strains ) and pleural effusion ( one strain ).All the strains (100.00%) were resistant to vancomycin , ampicillin and levofloxacin , but only 40.00% were resistant to teicoplanin.All the strains were sensitive to linezolid.The results of van genotyping showed that 33 (94.3%) strains belonged to vanA and vanM dual genotype VREF, and the other two were vanA type VREF.PFGE results showed that 35 strains could be divided into 14 PFGE patterns, and seven out of 10 strains isolated in 2014 were identical and the other three belonged to three different PFGE patterns.Conclusions A dual genotype VREF carrying both vanA and vanM has been emerging and spreading in the intensive care unit of Jinshan Hospital , Fudan University in Shanghai.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745350

ABSTRACT

Postoperative complications of ERCP include pancreatitis,cholangitis,hemorrhage,mechanical damage (such as perforation) of the digestive tract and drug reaction.Since the the complications definition,surgical indications,operation technique,data collection and processing method were inconsistent,there were controversies for the incidences of complications after ERCP and its risk factors for different institutions.This paper discussed the evolution of ERCP risk factors,current situation and prophylaxis of major complications after ERCP and summarized the current research progress in order to provide theoretical help for prevention and prophylaxis of postoperative complications of ERCP.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743451

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the effectiveness of puncturing Sifeng points (EX-UE10) and pricking Back-Shu points in treating dyspepsia due to chemotherapy for triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). Method Sixty patients were randomized into an observation group (30 cases) and a control group (30 cases). The observation group was intervened by puncturing Sifeng points and pricking Back-Shu points, once a week. The selected Back-Shu points included bilateral Pishu (BL20), Weishu (BL21) and Geshu (BL17). The control group was treated by promoting gastrointestinal motility (itopride hydrochloride 50 mg) and supplementing digestive enzymes (compound azintamide tablets). The two groups were observed before and after treatment in terms of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) symptom score, nutritional status score and Karnofsky Performance Score (KPS). The therapeutic efficacies were also assessed. Result The total effective rate was 93.3% (28/30) in the observation group versus 70.0% (21/30) in the control group, and the between-group difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The TCM symptom score showed significant improvement in both groups after treatment (P<0.01), and the improvement in the observation group was more significant than that in the control group (P<0.01). After treatment, the score of Patient Generated-Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) decreased significantly in both groups (P<0.01), while there was no significant difference in the score between the two groups (P>0.05). The KPS score increased significantly in both groups after treatment (P<0.01), and there was a significant difference between the two groups (P<0.05), indicating a more significant improvement of KPS score in the observation group. Conclusion Puncturing Sifeng plus pricking Back-Shu points is effective in treating dyspepsia due to chemotherapy for TNBC. It can improve patient's appetite and quality of life.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777968

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the influences of mental disorders on female systemic lupus erythematosus(SLE)and analyze the factors. Methods We used symptom check list -90 (SCL-90) as a basis for judging mental disorders disease activity. Disease activity, social support and depreciation - discrimination were used as possible influencing factors. Social support and discomfort – discrimination were possible influencing factors. Multivariate unconditional logistic regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors of mental disorders. Results The total score of SCL-90 of patients with female SLE was significantly higher than that of norm models [(136.39±48.66) vs (129.96±38.76)] (P<0.05), in 289 SLE patients, the number of patients with mental disorders was 128 (44.3%). High monthly income(OR=0.770, 95% CI:0.604-0.981, P=0.034) was a protective factor for mental disorders. High disease activity (OR=1.792, 95% CI:1.023-3.138, P=0.042)and high discomfort–discrimination (OR=1.100, 95% CI:1.035-1.169, P=0.002)were risk factors for mental disorders. Conclusions Female SLE patients have a higher risk of mental disorders than the general population. And eliminating self-depreciation, reducing social discrimination, active employment, increasing monthly income, standardizing treatment and reducing disease activity may effectively alleviate mental disorders in SLE patients.

16.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 205-215, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777195

ABSTRACT

At present, it is generally believed that the paracrine effect of stem cells in the repair of myocardial injury is one of the important ways for stem cell therapy. Exosomes are phospholipid bilayer-enclosed nanovesicles that secreted by cells under physiological and pathological conditions. Cargo loaded into exosomes including protein, lipids and nucleic acids can be delivered to recipient cells. Therefore, exosomes are recognized as important mediators for intercellular communication. It has been suggested that exosomes from stem cells (eg. embryonic stem cells, induced pluripotent stem cells, cardiac progenitor cells, mesenchymal stem cells and cardiosphere-derived cells) have protective effects against heart injury. In this review, we summarized recent research progresses on stem cell-derived exosomes in myocardial injury, including the therapeutic effects and mechanism.


Subject(s)
Cell Communication , Exosomes , Physiology , Heart Injuries , Humans , Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell Biology
17.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 998-1008, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771828

ABSTRACT

Cancer is one of the most important diseases threatening human health. Frequently-used traditional cancer treatment methods, like radiotherapy, chemotherapy and surgery, have serious toxic side effects and limitations. The widely-used drug delivery carriers (liposomes, nanoparticles, etc.) have also possessed many issues such as drug leakage and incomplete loading in the late clinical stage. Currently, using tumor-targeting vectors to deliver anti-tumor drugs or small molecules is one of the promising strategies for mediating safe and effective tumor therapy. In recent years, bacterial-derived non-replicating minicells, which are nanoscale non-nucleated cells produced during abnormal bacterial division, have got more and more attention. With a diameter of 200-400 nm, minicells have a large drug loading capacity. Meanwhile, the surface of minicells are able to be modified to load the assembly of antibodies/ligands that bind to tumor cell surface specific antigens or receptors, which can significantly improve tumor targeting of minicells. This tumor-targeting nanomaterials of minicells not only are used to deliver anti-tumor chemotherapeutic drugs, functional nucleic acids or plasmids encoding functional small molecules to mammalian cells, but also greatly increase drug loading and reduce drug penetration. Thus, the use of minicells combining with chemical therapy could help reduce the toxicity and maximize the effectiveness of the drug in the body. This paper summarizes the research and development of production purification, drug loading, tumor cells targeting, and internalization process of minicells, as well as its use in the delivery of anti-tumor drugs, to provide some information for the development and utilization of minicell carriers.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drug Carriers , Drug Delivery Systems , Humans , Nanoparticles , Neoplasms , Plasmids
18.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 375-388, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771369

ABSTRACT

Recombinant bacterial vector vaccines have been widely used as carriers for the delivery of protective antigens and nucleic acid vaccines to prevent certain infectious diseases because of their ability to induce mucosal immunity, humoral immunity and cellular immunity. However, protective antigens and nucleic acids recombined into bacterial vector vaccines are difficult to be released into host cells because of the presence of bacterial cell wall. Vaccine strains that are residual in animals or livestock products may also cause environmental contamination and spread of the vaccine strains. The effective solution for these problems is to construct an auto-lysis system that can regulate the vaccine strains to grow normally in vitro while lysis in vivo. The lysis systems that have been applied in germs mainly include: the lysis system based on regulated delayed peptidoglycan synthesis, the lysis system based on the regulation of bacteriophage lysis protein and the lysis system based on the toxin-antitoxin system. In addition, a potential lysis system based on bacterial Type Ⅵ Secretion System (T6SS) is also expected to be a new method for the construction of auto-lysis strains. This review will focus on the regulatory mechanisms of these bacterial lysis systems.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antigens, Bacterial , Bacterial Vaccines , Vaccines, Attenuated , Vaccines, DNA
19.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 124-132, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775446

ABSTRACT

The hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) is a crucial region involved in maintaining homeostasis through the regulation of cardiovascular, neuroendocrine, and other functions. The PVN provides a dominant source of excitatory drive to the sympathetic outflow through innervation of the brainstem and spinal cord in hypertension. We discuss current findings on the role of the PVN in the regulation of sympathetic output in both normotensive and hypertensive conditions. The PVN seems to play a major role in generating the elevated sympathetic vasomotor activity that is characteristic of multiple forms of hypertension, including primary hypertension in humans. Recent studies in the spontaneously hypertensive rat model have revealed an imbalance of inhibitory and excitatory synaptic inputs to PVN pre-sympathetic neurons as indicated by impaired inhibitory and enhanced excitatory synaptic inputs in hypertension. This imbalance of inhibitory and excitatory synaptic inputs in the PVN forms the basis for elevated sympathetic outflow in hypertension. In this review, we discuss the disruption of balance between glutamatergic and GABAergic inputs and the associated cellular and molecular alterations as mechanisms underlying the hyperactivity of PVN pre-sympathetic neurons in hypertension.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Pressure , Physiology , Excitatory Postsynaptic Potentials , Physiology , Humans , Hypertension , Hypothalamus , Physiology , Neurons , Physiology , Paraventricular Hypothalamic Nucleus , Physiology
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774055

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the incidence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD)-like symptoms in the population with intellectual disability (ID).@*METHODS@#The students with ASD or ID, aged 6-18 years, who studied in a special school in Shanghai from January to June, 2017, as well as the typically developing (TD) population of the same age, who studied in a general school in Shanghai during the same period, were enrolled. Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) was completed by their parents or other guardians, and the ASD-like symptoms were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#A total of 69 subjects with ASD, 74 subjects with ID and 177 TD subjects were enrolled. The ID group had a significantly higher SRS-positive rate than the TD group (47.3% vs 1.7%; P0.05), and there was no significant correlation between SRS score and IQ (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The ID population aged 6-18 years has more ASD-like symptoms than the general population, and ASD screening and intervention should be performed for the ID population as early as possible.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Autism Spectrum Disorder , Child , China , Humans , Intellectual Disability , Parents , Social Behavior
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