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1.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 195-204, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971332

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the efficacy and safety of Guanxin Danshen Dripping Pills (GXDS) in the treatment of depression or anxiety in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).@*METHODS@#From September 2017 to June 2019, 200 CHD patients after PCI with depression and anxiety were included and randomly divided into GXDS (100 cases) and placebo control groups (100 cases) by block randomization and a random number table. Patients in the GXDS and control groups were given GXDS and placebo, respectively, 0.4 g each time, 3 times daily for 12 weeks. The primary outcomes were scores of Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), Generalized Anxiety Scale (GAD-7) and the Seattle Angina Pectoris Scale (SAQ). The secondary outcomes included 12 Health Survey Summary Form (SF-12) scores and the first onset time and incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs). Other indices including blood pressure, blood lipids, microcirculation and inflammatory-related indices, etc. were monitored at baseline, week 4, and week 12.@*RESULTS@#In the full analysis set (200 cases), after treatment, the PHQ-9 and GAD-7 scores in the GXDS group were considerably lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). Compared with the baseline, the total PHQ-9 scores of the experimental and control groups decreased by 3.97 and 1.18, respectively. The corrected mean difference between the two groups was -2.78 (95% CI: -3.47, -2.10; P<0.001). The total GAD-7 score in the GXDS group decreased by 3.48% compared with the baseline level, while that of the placebo group decreased by 1.13%. The corrected mean difference between the two groups was -2.35 (95% CI: -2.95, -1.76; P<0.001). The degree of improvement in SAQ score, SF-12 score, endothelin and high-sensitive C-reactive protein levels in the GXDS group were substantially superior than those in the placebo group, and the differences between the two groups were statistically significant (P<0.05). Similar results were obtained in the per protocol population analysis of 177 patients. Three cases of MACES were reported in this study (1 in the GXDS group and 2 in the placebo group), and no serious adverse events occurred.@*CONCLUSIONS@#GXDS can significantly alleviate depression and anxiety, relieve symptoms of angina, and improve quality of life in patients with CHD after PCI. (Registration No. ChiCTR1800014291).


Subject(s)
Humans , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/adverse effects , Quality of Life , Depression , Coronary Disease/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Angina Pectoris/drug therapy , Prognosis , Anxiety , Treatment Outcome , Double-Blind Method
2.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 379-389, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981014

ABSTRACT

The present article was aimed to compare the effectiveness of different induction methods for depression models. Kunming mice were randomly divided into chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) group, corticosterone (CORT) group, and CUMS+CORT (CC) group. The CUMS group received CUMS stimulation for 4 weeks, and the CORT group received subcutaneous injection of 20 mg/kg CORT into the groin every day for 3 weeks. The CC group received both CUMS stimulation and CORT administration. Each group was assigned a control group. After modeling, forced swimming test (FST), tail suspension test (TST) and sucrose preference test (SPT) were used to detect the behavioral changes of mice, and the serum levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and CORT were detected with ELISA kits. Attenuated total refraction (ATR) spectra of mouse serum were collected and analyzed. HE staining was used to detect morphological changes in mouse brain tissue. The results showed that the weight of model mice from the CUMS and CC groups decreased significantly. There was no significant change in immobility time of model mice from the three groups in FST and TST, while the glucose preference of model mice from the CUMS and CC groups was significantly reduced (P < 0.05). The serum 5-HT levels of model mice from the CORT and CC groups were significantly reduced, while the serum BDNF and CORT levels of model mice from the CUMS, CORT, and CC groups showed no significant changes. Compared with their respective control groups, the three groups showed no significant difference in the one-dimensional spectrum of serum ATR. The difference spectrum analysis results of the first derivative of the spectrogram showed that the CORT group had the greatest difference from its respective control group, followed by the CUMS group. The structures of hippocampus in the model mice from the three groups were all destroyed. These results suggest that both CORT and CC treatments can successfully construct a depression model, and the CORT model is more effective than the CC model. Therefore, CORT induction can be used to establish a depression model in Kunming mice.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Depression/etiology , Antidepressive Agents/pharmacology , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor , Serotonin
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 24-33, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970033

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Data on the immunogenicity and safety of heterologous immunization schedules are inconsistent. This study aimed to evaluate the immunogenicity and safety of homologous and heterologous immunization schedules.@*METHODS@#Multiple databases with relevant studies were searched with an end date of October 31, 2021, and a website including a series of Coronavirus disease 2019 studies was examined for studies before March 31, 2022. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared different heterologous and homologous regimens among adults that reported immunogenicity and safety outcomes were reviewed. Primary outcomes included neutralizing antibodies against the original strain and serious adverse events (SAEs). A network meta-analysis (NMA) was conducted using a random-effects model.@*RESULTS@#In all, 11 RCTs were included in the systematic review, and nine were ultimately included in the NMA. Among participants who received two doses of CoronaVac, another dose of mRNA or a non-replicating viral vector vaccine resulted in a significantly higher level of neutralizing antibody than a third CoronaVac 600 sino unit (SU); a dose of BNT162b2 induced the highest geometric mean ratio (GMR) of 15.24, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 9.53-24.39. Following one dose of BNT162b2 vaccination, a dose of mRNA-1273 generated a significantly higher level of neutralizing antibody than BNT162b2 alone (GMR = 1.32; 95% CI: 1.06-1.64), NVX-CoV2373 (GMR = 1.60; 95% CI: 1.16-2.21), or ChAdOx1 (GMR = 1.80; 95% CI: 1.25-2.59). Following one dose of ChAdOx1, a dose of mRNA-1273 was also more effective for improving antibody levels than ChAdOx1 (GMR = 11.09; 95% CI: 8.36-14.71) or NVX-CoV2373 (GMR = 2.87; 95% CI: 1.08-3.91). No significant difference in the risk for SAEs was found in any comparisons.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Relative to vaccination with two doses of CoronaVac, a dose of BNT162b2 as a booster substantially enhances immunogenicity reactions and has a relatively acceptable risk for SAEs relative to other vaccines. For primary vaccination, schedules including mRNA vaccines induce a greater immune response. However, the comparatively higher risk for local and systemic adverse events introduced by mRNA vaccines should be noted.@*REGISTRATION@#PROSPERO; https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO/ ; No. CRD42021278149.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , BNT162 Vaccine , 2019-nCoV Vaccine mRNA-1273 , Network Meta-Analysis , Immunization Schedule , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , Viral Vaccines , mRNA Vaccines , Antibodies, Neutralizing , Antibodies, Viral
4.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 325-329, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965747

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#With the development of society, the health and well being of children and adolescents are receiving increasing attention from the government and scholars. The implementation of the health (promoting) school construction plan has a significant effect on promoting students health and well being, which is especially important in the normalized stage of COVID-19 epidemic prevention and control. The study summarizes the importance of health (promoting) schools for students health and well being, reviews the development of health (promoting) school construction in China, and proposes countermeasures and recommendations to further promote health (promoting) school construction in China in the light of the new era.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 26-29, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965367

ABSTRACT

@#<b>Objective</b> To monitor the indoor radon concentration of urban residents in Shiyan, China, and to analyze the related influencing factors. <b>Methods</b> From April to July, 2019, RSKS standard detectors were used to measure the indoor radon concentration of 125 households in Shiyan, and the results were analyzed. <b>Results</b> The indoor radon concentration of residents in Shiyan showed a skewed distribution, ranging from 13.8 to 145 Bq/m<sup>3</sup>, and <i>M</i> (<i>P</i><sub>25</sub>,<i>P</i><sub>75</sub>) was 38.3 (29.0,62.0) Bq/m<sup>3</sup>. The estimated annual effective dose of radon and radon daughters from inhalation was 0.52-5.50 mSv, and <i>M</i> (<i>P</i><sub>25</sub>,<i>P</i><sub>75</sub>) was 1.45 (1.10, 2.36) mSv, which was consistent with literature. Building structure (<i>H</i> = 14.10, <i>P</i> < 0.001), floor (<i>H</i> = 24.41, <i>P</i> < 0.001), and geographical region (<i>H</i> = 8.963, <i>P</i> < 0.05) were influencing factors of indoor radon concentration, and the differences were significant. <b>Conclusion</b> The indoor radon concentration of urban residents in Shiyan is lower than the national standard limit. However, in daily life, it is still necessary to take appropriate measures to reduce the concentration of indoor radon as much as possible.

6.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1139-1145, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985645

ABSTRACT

Objective: To construct a cervical cancer risk prediction model based on nested case-control study design and Yinzhou Health Information Platform in Ningbo, and provide reliable reference for self-risk assessment of cervical cancer in local women. Methods: In local women aged 25-75 years old who had no history of cervical cancer registered in Yinzhou before October 31, 2018, a follow up was conducted for at least three years, the patients who developed cervical cancer during the follow up period were selected as the case group and matched with a control group at a ratio of 1∶10. The prediction indicators before the onset was used in model construction. Variables were selected by Lasso-logistic regression, the variables with non-zero β were selected to fit the logistic regression model and Bootstrap was used for internal validation. The discrimination of the model was evaluated by area under the receiver operating characteristic curve(AUROC), and the calibration was evaluated by calibration curve and Hosmer-Lemeshow test. Results: The prediction indicators included in the final model were age, smoking status, history of cervicitis, history of adenomyosis, HPV testing, and thinprep cytologic test. The AUROC calculated in the internal validation was 0.740 (95%CI:0.739-0.740), and the calibration curve was almost identical with the ideal curve, P=0.991 in Hosmer-Lemeshow test, indicating that the model discrimination and calibration were good. Conclusions: In this study, a simple and practical cervical cancer risk prediction model was developed. The model can be used in general population with strong interpretability, good discrimination and calibration in internal validation, which can provide a reference for women to assess their risk of cervical cancer.

7.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1026-1030, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009179

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effect of uncemented total hip arthroplasty(THA) on treatment of traumatic arthritis caused by intramedullary nailing interfixation of intertrochanteric fractures.@*METHODS@#Total of 22 patients treated with THA due to traumatic arthritis caused by intramedullary nailing interfixation of intertrochanteric fractures from January 2012 to January 2017 were studied retrospectively, including 10 males and 12 females with a mean age of (72.5±9.8) years old ranging from 61 to 84 years old. Initial internal fixation method:14 patients were treated with Gamma nails and 8 patients were treated wit PFNA.The time from internal fixation surgery to THA was 10 to 68 months with an average of (32.2±21.3) months.Harris scores of the hip joint before and after surgery were compared, and the position of the prosthesis through postoperative imaging at 3, 6, 12 months and the last follow-up were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#One patient was died due to heart failure 1 year after operation. Two patients was died to advanced tumor 2 years after operation. The other 19 patients were followed up for 36 to 64 months with an average of (48.5±11.9) months. At final follow up, 14 patients regained the ability to walk independently, 4 patients needed support of a cane, 1 patient needed assistance of a walker. No serious complications such as joint dislocation, periprosthetic fracture and deep venous thrombosis occurred during follow-up. There were no signs of loosening and subsidence of the prosthesis at the final follow-up. Mean Harris hip score increased from (29.2±12.9) points preoperatively to (74.2±11.2) points at the final follow up(P<0.05);the score was excellent in 9 patients, good in 7 and fair in 3.@*CONCLUSION@#Uncemented total hip arthroplasty for traumatic arthritis after intramedullary nail fixation of femoral intertrochanteric fracture can significantly improve hip function and effectively avoid bone cement implantation syndrome. The medium-term effect is satisfactory.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Retrospective Studies , Bone Nails , Hip Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/adverse effects , Arthritis/surgery
8.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 272-276, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993590

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the value of myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) and coronary flow reserve (CFR) combined with coronary artery calcium score (CACS) in the diagnosis of obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD).Methods:From January 2019 to December 2020, 96 confirmed or suspective CAD patients (65 males, 31 females; age: 30-81 years) who completed rest/stress MPI, CFR and CACS defection in Fuwai Central China Cardiovascular Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Coronary angiography (CAG) was used as the diagnostic standard to calculate the sensitivity and accuracy of MPI, CFR and MPI/CFR combined with CACS in the diagnosis of CAD. The χ2 test was used to compare the diagnostic efficiency of different methods. Results:The diagnostic sensitivity of MPI was 76.06%(54/71), and the accuracy was 75.00%(72/96), while the sensitivity increased to 97.18%(69/71; χ2=13.67, P<0.001) and the accuracy increased to 87.50%(84/96; χ2=4.92, P=0.020) with significant differences after combined with CACS. The sensitivity and accuracy of CFR were 91.55%(65/71)and 87.50%(84/96), which increased to 97.18%(69/71; χ2=2.12, P=0.137) and 89.58%(86/96; χ2=0.21, P=0.411) with no significant differences after combined with CACS. The sensitivity of MPI in the diagnosis of three-vessel CAD was 70.00%(21/30), which increased to 100%(30/30; χ2=7.75, P=0.004) after combined with CACS; while the sensitivity of MPI combined with CACS in the diagnosis of single-vessel and double-vessel CAD were not significantly improved ( χ2 values: 3.29, 1.51, P values: 0.114, 0.416). Conclusion:The combination of MPI and CACS can significantly improve the diagnostic efficiency of CAD, contributed by the improvement of the diagnostic sensitivity in three-vessel disease; whereas the diagnostic efficiency of CFR for CAD is not significantly improved after combined with CACS.

9.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1628-1635, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990383

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the influencing factors of delayed nausea and vomiting in patients with primary liver cancer after transarterial chemoembolization based on Logistic regression model and decision tree model.Methods:This was a cross-sectional study. A total of 236 patients with primary liver cancer after transarterial chemoembolization in The Second Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University from March 2021 to June 2022 were conveniently selected as the research subjects. The factors related to delayed nausea and vomiting were collected, and Logistic regression and decision tree models were established, respectively, and the differences between the two models were compared.Results:The incidence of delayed nausea and vomiting of patients with primary liver cancer after transarterial chemoembolization was 45.34% (107/236). Logistic regression model showed that age, anxiety, sleep disorder, emetic risk level of chemotherapeutic drugs, embolic agent type, and pain 24 hours after surgery were the influencing factors of delayed nausea and vomiting in patients with primary liver cancer after transarterial chemoembolization(all P<0.05). Decision tree model showed that age, sleep disorder, emetic risk level of chemotherapeutic drugs, embolic agent type, and pain 24 hours after surgery were the influencing factors of delayed nausea and vomiting in patients with primary liver cancer after transarterial chemoembolization (all P<0.05). The classification accuracy rates of Logistic regression, decision tree model and combined diagnosis of two models were 72.9%, 71.2% and 72.0% respectively; the areas under the ROC curve were 0.778, 0.781 and 0.806 respectively, with no significant difference (all P>0.05). Conclusions:The analysis results of Logistic regression and decision tree model on the influencing factors of delayed nausea and vomiting in patients with primary liver cancer after transarterial chemoembolization are highly consistent, which can be combined to provide a more comprehensive reference for the evaluation and intervention of medical staff.

10.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 103-108, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988961

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinicopathological and molecular genetic characteristics and prognosis of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).Methods:The clinicopathological data of 152 DLBCL patients receiving consultation and routine physical examination in Peking University Third Hospital and Peking University School of Basic Medicine from January 2008 to December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expressions of CD10, bcl-6, MUM1, GCET1, FOXP1. EB virus encoded small RNA (EBV-EBER) was detected by using in situ hybridization. The aberrations of bcl-2, bcl-6 and c-myc genes were detected by using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) to screen double-hit lymphoma (DHL). Kaplan-Meier method was used to make survival analysis.Results:Among 152 cases of DLBCL, the ratio of male to female was 1.49:1, the median age of onset was 59 years (7-90 years), and 79 cases (52.0%) were primary lymph nodes. The median overall survival (OS) time of all cases was 16 months (1-101 months). The 1-year, 3-year and 5-year OS rates were 70.2%, 44.7%, 30.3%, respectively. The OS of R-CHOP treatment group was better than that of CHOP treatment group and untreated group ( P = 0.001). Among all 137 patients receiving double-hit histochemistry score (DHS), there were 56 cases with 0 score, 57 cases with 1 score, 24 cases with 2 scores; and the difference in the OS of different DHS score groups ( P = 0.311). FISH detection showed that among 29 cases achieving results of c-myc gene detection, there were 2 cases of splitting gene and 3 cases of gene amplification; among 26 cases achieving results of bcl-2 gene detection, 2 cases had bcl-2 gene amplification; among 26 cases achieving results of bcl-6 gene detection, 2 cases had bcl-6 gene amplification and 3 cases had splitting gene. It was found that myc and bcl-2 genes were amplified simultaneously in 1 case, accompanied with bcl-6 gene splitting, which was called triple-hit lymphoma. In DHS 0-score group, 1 case of double gene abnormality was found, and 1 case of single gene abnormality was found in group 1-score; in group 2-score, 5 cases were single gene abnormality and 1 case was three gene abnormality, so the gene abnormality was inconsistent with the protein expression. Conclusions:The incidence of DHL in DLBCL patients in China is low. The major gene abnormalities are c-myc or bcl-2, bcl-6 single gene abnormalities.

11.
Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine ; (6): 705-723, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003139

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) promotes the osteogenic differentiation induced by bone morphogenetic protein 9 (BMP9), but the intrinsic relationship between BMP9 and ATRA keeps unknown. Herein, we investigated the effect of Cyp26b1, a critical enzyme of ATRA degradation, on the BMP9-induced osteogenic differentiation in mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), and unveiled possible mechanism through which BMP9 regulates the expression of Cyp26b1. @*METHODS@#ATRA content was detected with ELISA and HPLC–MS/MS. PCR, Western blot, and histochemical staining were used to assay the osteogenic markers. Fetal limbs culture, cranial defect repair model, and micro–computed tomographic were used to evaluate the quality of bone formation. IP and ChIP assay were used to explore possible mechanism. @*RESULTS@#We found that the protein level of Cyp26b1 was increased with age, whereas the ATRA content decreased. The osteogenic markers induced by BMP9 were increased by inhibiting or silencing Cyp26b1 but reduced by exogenous Cyp26b1. The BMP9-induced bone formation was enhanced by inhibiting Cyp26b1. The cranial defect repair was promoted by BMP9, which was strengthened by silencing Cyp26b1 and reduced by exogenous Cyp26b1. Mechanically, Cyp26b1 was reduced by BMP9, which was enhanced by activating Wnt/b-catenin, and reduced by inhibiting this pathway. b-catenin interacts with Smad1/5/9, and both were recruited at the promoter of Cyp26b1. @*CONCLUSIONS@#Our findings suggested the BMP9-induced osteoblastic differentiation was mediated by activating retinoic acid signalling, viadown-regulating Cyp26b1. Meanwhile, Cyp26b1 may be a novel potential therapeutic target for the treatment of bone-related diseases or accelerating bone-tissue engineering.

12.
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine ; (12): 59-68, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-950203

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate hypertriglyceridemia and hepatomegaly caused by Schisandrae Sphenantherae Fructus (FSS) and Schisandra chinensis Fructus (FSC) oils in mice. Methods: Mice were orally administered a single dose of Schisandrae Fructus oils. Serum and hepatic triglyceride (TG), triglyceride transfer protein (TTP), apolipoprotein B48 (Apo B48), very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL), hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), alanine aminotransfease (ALT) and liver index were measured at 6-120 h post-dosing. Results: FSS and FSC oil caused time and dose-dependent increases in serum and hepatic TG levels, with maximum increases in the liver (by 297% and 340%) at 12 h post-dosing and serum (244% and 439%) at 24-h post-dosing, respectively. Schisandrae Fructus oil treatments also elevated the levels of serum TTP by 51% and 63%, Apo B48 by 152% and 425%, and VLDL by 67% and 38% in mice, respectively. FSS and FSC oil treatments also increased liver mass by 53% and 55% and HGF by 106% and 174%, but lowered serum ALT activity by 38% and 22%, respectively. Fenofibrate pre/ co-treatment attenuated the FSS and FSC oil-induced elevation in serum TG levels by 41% and 49% at 48 h post-dosing, respectively, but increased hepatic TG contents (by 38% and 33%, respectively) at 12 h post-dosing. Conclusions: Our findings provide evidence to support the establishment of a novel mouse model of hypertriglyceridemia by oral administration of FSS oil (mainly increasing endogenous TG) and FSC oil (mainly elevating exogenous TG).

13.
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine ; (12): 59-68, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941594

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate hypertriglyceridemia and hepatomegaly caused by Schisandrae Sphenantherae Fructus (FSS) and Schisandra chinensis Fructus (FSC) oils in mice. Methods: Mice were orally administered a single dose of Schisandrae Fructus oils. Serum and hepatic triglyceride (TG), triglyceride transfer protein (TTP), apolipoprotein B48 (Apo B48), very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL), hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), alanine aminotransfease (ALT) and liver index were measured at 6-120 h post-dosing. Results: FSS and FSC oil caused time and dose-dependent increases in serum and hepatic TG levels, with maximum increases in the liver (by 297% and 340%) at 12 h post-dosing and serum (244% and 439%) at 24-h post-dosing, respectively. Schisandrae Fructus oil treatments also elevated the levels of serum TTP by 51% and 63%, Apo B48 by 152% and 425%, and VLDL by 67% and 38% in mice, respectively. FSS and FSC oil treatments also increased liver mass by 53% and 55% and HGF by 106% and 174%, but lowered serum ALT activity by 38% and 22%, respectively. Fenofibrate pre/ co-treatment attenuated the FSS and FSC oil-induced elevation in serum TG levels by 41% and 49% at 48 h post-dosing, respectively, but increased hepatic TG contents (by 38% and 33%, respectively) at 12 h post-dosing. Conclusions: Our findings provide evidence to support the establishment of a novel mouse model of hypertriglyceridemia by oral administration of FSS oil (mainly increasing endogenous TG) and FSC oil (mainly elevating exogenous TG).

14.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 447-450, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957477

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of DNA methyltransferase in acute lung injury in septic mice.Methods:Forty-eight healthy male C57BL/6 mice, aged 6-8 weeks, weighing 20-25 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=12 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (group Sham), sham operation+ DNA methyltransferase inhibitor group (group Sham+ 5-Aza), sepsis group (group Sepsis) and sepsis+ DNA methyltransferase inhibitor group (group Sepsis+ 5-Aza). Sepsis model was developed by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) in anesthetized mice.Mice were sacrificed at 24 h after CLP, and lung tissues were obtained, DNA was extracted to determine the global DNA methylation by colorimetry, and RNA was extracted to detect the expression of DNA methyltransferase (DNMTl, DNMT3a, DNMT3b) mRNA by real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction, the wet/dry lung weight ratio (W/D ratio) was measured, the histopathological changes of lung tissues were determined by HE staining, the contents of interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), high-mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) and malondialdehyde (MDA) and activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results:Compared with group Sham, the global DNA methylation was significantly increased, the expression of DNMT1 and DNMT3a mRNA was up-regulated, the lung injury score, W/D ratio, and contents of IL-6, TNF-α, HMGB1 and MDA were increased, and activities of SOD and CAT were decreased at 24 h after CLP in group Sepsis and group Sepsis+ 5-Aza ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the indexes mentioned above in group Sham+ 5-Aza ( P>0.05). Compared with group Sepsis, the global DNA methylation was significantly decreased, the expression of DNMT1 and DNMT3a mRNA was down-regulated, the lung injury score, W/D ratio, contents of IL-6, TNF-α, HMGB1 and MDA were decreased, and the activities of SOD and CAT were increased in group Sepsis+ 5-Aza ( P<0.05). Conclusions:DNA hypermethylation mediated by DNMT1 and DNMT3a is involved in the process of acute lung injury in septic mice.

15.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1400-1405, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954865

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influencing factors of learned helplessness in patients with primary liver cancer treated by interventional therapy.Methods:This study was a cross-sectional study. The 221 patients with primary liver cancer treated by interventional therapy in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University from August 2020 to October 2021 were selected as the subjects. General data statistics, Learned Helplessness Scale and Support in Intimate Relationships Rating Scale were used for questionnaire survey.Results:The total score of learned helplessness in the 221 patients with primary liver cancer treated by interventional therapy was 74.12 ± 6.55. Gender, education level, family per capita monthly income, number of interventions and perceived spouse support were the main influencing factors of learned helplessness in patients with primary liver cancer treated by interventional therapy (adjusted R2=0.891, F=65.65, P<0.05). Conclusions:The sense of learned helplessness of patients with primary liver cancer treated by interventional therapy is at a high level. According to patients with features of male, lower education level, lower family per capita monthly income, more number of interventional therapy or lower perceived spouse support, medical staff can use dialectical behavior therapy, symptom group intervention, spouse support intervention and other methods to reduce learned helplessness of patients.

16.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 328-332, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935804

ABSTRACT

Objective: To construct a recombinant lentiviral vector for mouse miR-204 overexpression, and to verify the targeted regulation of miR-204 and DVL3 in silica (SiO(2)) -induced mouse lung epithelial cells (MLE-12 cells) . Methods: In October 2019, the pre-miR-204 gene was amplified from the mouse genome by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method. After sequencing, the amplified product was cloned into the pLenti-CMV-EGFP lentiviral vector. The positive clones were identified by PCR screening and sequencing. The miR-204 overexpressed lentiviral vector was transfected into 293T cells, and lentiviral packaging and titer determination were performed. The experiment was divided into SiO(2) control group, virus control group, and miR-204 virus group, and the expressions of miR-204 and DVL3 gene were detected by real-time PCR. Results: The miR-204 lentiviral expression vector Lv-miR-204-5p was constructed and identified correctly by PCR and sequencing, and a virus dilution with a titer of 9.57×10(8) IU/ml was obtained. The results of real-time PCR showed that the expression of miR-204 in MLE-12 cells of the miR-204 virus group was higher than that of SiO(2) control group and virus control group, and the expression of DVL3 gene was lower than that of SiO(2) control group and virus control group, the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05) . Conclusion: Overexpression of miR-204 by lentiviral vector may inhibit the expression of DVL3 gene in silica-induced mouse lung epithelial cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Epithelial Cells , Genetic Vectors , Lentivirus/metabolism , Lung , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Silicon Dioxide/toxicity , Transfection
17.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 283-287, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935793

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the detection of suspected occupational diseases and occupational contraindications for benzene workers in Tianjin. Methods: In June 2020, the occupational health inspection data of 16113 benzene workers in 514 enterprises with benzene hazards in 16 municipal districts in Tianjin from January to December 2019 were included in the analysis. Enterprise information included the employer's region, economic type, industry classification and enterprise scale. Occupational health inspection data for benzene workers during their on-the-job period included routine inspection indicators and benzene special inspection indicators. Multivariate unconditional logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between personal general information, occupational history, enterprise information and suspected benzene poisoning and occupational contraindications of benzene workers. Results: There were 16073 benzene workers in the normal group and 24 in the suspected benzene poisoning group. The detection rate of suspected benzene poisoning in females was higher than that in males (χ(2)=8.26, P=0.004) . There was no significant difference in the detection rates of suspected benzene poisoning among different dimensions such as age, length of service, occupational health inspection institution location, employer location, industry classification, economic type, and enterprise scale (P>0.05) . There were 16073 benzene workers in the normal group and 16 in the benzene contraindication group. The detection rate of benzene contraindications for workers in suburban areas where occupational health inspection institutions were located was higher than that in urban areas (χ(2)=9.71, P=0.002) , and there was no significant difference in the detection rates of contraindications for benzene in other dimensions (P>0.05) . Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that female benzene workers were more likely to detect suspected benzene poisoning (OR=3.53, 95%CI: 1.57-7.94, P=0.002) ; benzene workers who received physical examination in suburban occupational health inspection institutions (OR=5.81, 95%CI: 1.94-17.42, P=0.002) , the employer's area was in the suburbs (OR=9.68, 95%CI: 1.23-76.07, P=0.031) , and female workers (OR=3.07, 95%CI: 1.13-8.37, P=0.028) , it was easier to detect occupational contraindications. Conclusion: Female benzene workers with employers located in the suburbs have a higher risk of detecting occupational contraindications, and women are more likely to detect suspected benzene poisoning. The management of benzene operations in the production environment of enterprises in the suburbs of Tianjin and the occupational health monitoring of female workers should be strengthened.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Benzene/analysis , Industry , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , Occupational Exposure/analysis , Occupational Health
18.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 431-435, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935407

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish a sustainable updated literature data warehouse for global vaccine safety assessment, and provide data support for evidence-based vaccine safety assessment. Methods: Semi-automated construction and updating of a literature data warehouse were achieved through the continuous integration of standard operating steps of evidence-based reviews with artificial intelligence technologies. Following the standard procedure of a systematic literature review, the literatures about vaccine safety assessment published before November 29, 2020 were retrieved from 9 databases including OVID, Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and ClinicalTrails.org in English and Wanfang, CNKI, VIP, and SinoMed in Chinese. Literatures were screened for two rounds in a semi-automatic manner (by artificial intelligence literature processing system and manual work) according to the inclusion/exclusion criteria. Furthermore, the literatures were classified according to the types of vaccines and adverse events. The updating strategy was established, and the literature data warehouse was updated regularly. Experts were organized to select specific vaccine safety topics and carry out special demonstration studies. Results: More than 0.41 million articles were retrieved. According to the inclusion/exclusion criteria, 23 304 articles were included after two rounds of screening. At present, we have selected and completed three prior topics as demonstration studies, including the systematic review of "DPT (diphtheria, pertussis and tetanus) vaccine and encephalopathy/encephalitis", and the classified management of literatures about allergic purpura and brachial plexus neuritis. Conclusions: The sustainable updated literature data warehouse of vaccine safety can provide high-quality research data for vaccine safety research, including evidence support for immunization related policy-making and adjustment and vaccine safety-related methodological research or clinical tool development; and further demonstration studies can provide references for building a new methodological framework system for timely and efficient completion of the evidence-based assessment of vaccine safety.


Subject(s)
Humans , Artificial Intelligence , Data Warehousing , Tetanus , Tetanus Toxoid , Whooping Cough/prevention & control
19.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 335-338, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933411

ABSTRACT

Acute intermittent porphyria(AIP) is a rare inherited metabolic disease that can cause severe and fatal acute attacks. This article shares the treatment and management of a severe AIP patient. It is proposed that (1) avoiding incentives is essential; (2) emotional problems easily overlooked should be paid attention; (3) long-term follow-up and patient education can improve the prognosis. The patient underwent renal biopsy during the remission period. We found a red-brown-yellow-white refractive index crystal under a polarized light microscope that had not been reported in the previous literature, which was speculated to be a porphyrin crystal.

20.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 344-347, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931397

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the application effect of progressive case teaching based on Omaha system in practical teaching of geriatric nursing.Methods:A total of 84 college students nursing students of Beijing Chaoyang Hospital (West Branch) from June 2019 to October 2020 were selected as the research objects, and they were randomly divided into an observation group (conventional teaching) and a control group (progressive case teaching based on the Omaha system) in average. The clinical thinking ability of the two groups before and after teaching were compared, and the satisfaction of the two groups' teaching effect was compared. SPSS 22.0 was performed for chi-square test and independent sample t test. Results:After teaching, the critical thinking ability, systematic thinking ability, and evidence-based thinking ability of the observation group were significantly higher than those of the control group before and during the same period ( P<0.05). The teaching satisfaction of the observation group was significantly higher than that of the control group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The progressive case teaching based on the Omaha system has a good application effect on the practical teaching of geriatric nursing, which can improve students' clinical thinking ability and increase teaching satisfaction.

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