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1.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 465-469, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012922

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is an indispensable carrier of traditional culture for China to embrace the world. During the 14th Five-Year Plan period, the state proposed to "comprehensively promote the building of a healthy China, attach equal importance to TCM and western medicine, and vigorously develop the cultural industry of TCM". Promoting the development of TCM cultural industry needs scientific and innovative approaches. This paper explored how to realize the communication path of TCM culture from the perspective of "Industry-University-Research". Based on the analysis of the current situation of TCM culture communication, taking Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine as an example, this paper integrated technology, human resources, resources, environment and information and other collaborative innovation elements to effectively gather, and explored a new way for the collaborative development of TCM communication with enterprises, schools, scientific research institutions and et al, aiming to further help TCM culture go abroad.

2.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : e72-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001931

ABSTRACT

Background@#Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) on the surface of Streptococcus dysgalactiae, coded with gapC, is a glycolytic enzyme that was reported to be a moonlighting protein and virulence factor. @*Objective@#This study assessed GAPDH as a potential immunization candidate protein to prevent streptococcus infections. @*Methods@#Mice were vaccinated subcutaneously with recombinant GAPDH and challenged with S. dysgalactiae in vivo. They were then evaluated using histological methods. rGAPDH of mouse bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (BMDCs) was evaluated using immunoblotting, reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay methods. @*Results@#Vaccination with rGAPDH improved the survival rates and decreased the bacterial burdens in the mammary glands compared to the control group. The mechanism by which rGAPDH vaccination protects against S. dysgalactiae was investigated. In vitro experiments showed that rGAPDH boosted the generation of interleukin-10 and tumor necrosis factor-α. Treatment of BMDCs with TAK-242, a toll-like receptor 4 inhibitor, or C29, a toll-like receptor 2 inhibitor, reduced cytokines substantially, suggesting that rGAPDH may be a potential ligand for both TLR2 and TLR4. Subsequent investigations showed that rGAPDH may activate the phosphorylation of MAPKs and nuclear factor-κB. @*Conclusions@#GAPDH is a promising immunization candidate protein for targeting virulence and enhancing immune-mediated protection. Further investigations are warranted to understand the mechanisms underlying the activation of BMDCs by rGAPDH in a TLR2- and TLR4-dependent manner and the regulation of inflammatory cytokines contributing to mastitis pathogenesis.

3.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 127-136, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995708

ABSTRACT

Objective:To grasp the distribution of fine antigenic epitope profiles of nucleoprotein (NP) and glycoprotein (GP) fragments of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) and to clarify the value of dominant antigenic epitopes in laboratory testing of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF).Methods:In a minimal synthetic short peptide consisting of 8 amino acids was segmentally expressed by CCHFV YL04057 strain using a modified bio-peptide synthesis method from 2014 to 2021 in the laboratory of Xinjiang University, College of Life Sciences. Using CCHFV polyclonal antibody or monoclonal antibody 14B7 (IgM) or CCHFV-positive sheep serum as antibodies, the minimal antigenic epitopes (BCEs) with antigenic activity on NP and GP fragments were identified by immunoblotting, and the obtained BCEs with sequence polymorphism were spatially clustered with CCHFV from different regions using the neighbor-joining method to determine the combination mode of BCEs with geographical correlation of regional distribution, to explore its application in establishing serological diagnosis. A prokaryotic expression plasmid (pET-32a), an E. coli expression plasmid (pGEX-KG) and a prokaryotic expression plasmid with an incomplete glutathione (GST188) tag (pXXGST-ST-1) were used to construct and express six dominant antigenic epitopes of different peptide lengths on NP fragments, and an indirect Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was established. CCHF sheep serum identified by immunofluorescence assay (IFA) was used as a control, and the specificity, sensitivity and overall compliance of the recombinant proteins with different peptide lengths of antigenic epitopes with IFA assay results were statistically analyzed. Results:CCHFV, NP and GP fragments had a total of 30 antigenically active BCEs, among which the core intermediate fragment NP2 (aa 170 th-305 th), which had a concentration of antigenic epitopes in the NP fragment, has 6 BCEs, and the NP1 (aa 1 st-200 th) and NP3 (aa 286 th-482 nd) at both ends have 9 BCEs; the Gc (aa 1 st-558 th) and Gn (aa 533 th-708 th) fragments of the GP fragment have 14 BCEs and a long antigenic peptide (AP) containing 15 amino acids, and the amino acid sequence homology of the NP fragment BCEs was 97.1% and that of the GP fragment BCEs was 89.1%. There was a significant difference ( P=0.0281, P<0.05). Among the 9 BCEs with sequence polymorphism in the GP fragment, 6 combined BCEs from GnEc1, GnE2, GnE4, GcE3, GcE6 and GcAP-4 (Ap) could cluster 15 CCHFV strains from different regions of the world into 5 geographical taxa, AsiaⅠ, AsiaⅡ, AficaⅠ, AficaⅡ and Europe. The constructs expressing PET-32a-NP (full length), PGEX-KG-NP2 (aa 170 th-305 th), pGEX-KG-NP2-1 (aa 235 th-275 th), PGEX-KG-NP2-1-1 (aa 237 th-256 th), pXXGST-1-NP2-1-2 (aa 250 th-265 th) and PGEX KG-NP2-1-3 (aa 260 th-276 th), six recombinant proteins CCHFV NP rabbit polyclonal antiserum (pAb) Western Blotting reaction positive, 33 sheep sera tested by IFA XHF as a reference, the sensitivity of the assay established by indirect ELISA using the recombinant proteins constructed from two fragments of NP2 and NP2-1 as antigens. The sensitivity, specificity and overall compliance were the best, with 73.4% (11/15) and 66.7% (10/15) for sensitivity, 100% (18/18) and 94.4% (17/18) for specificity, and 87.9% (29/33) and 81.8% (27/33) for overall compliance. Conclusion:CCHFV NP and GP are distributed with a high number of BCEs with antigenic immunoreactivity, among which the dominant antigenic epitopes are of high value in the laboratory serological diagnosis of CCHF.

4.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 343-347, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988991

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate clinical efficacy and safety of venetoclax (VEN)-based regimens in the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML).Methods:The clinical data of 41 AML patients treated with venetoclax-based regimens from January 2021 to December 2021 in Ruijin Hospital North of Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine were retrospectively analyzed. The treatment regimens included VEN+demethylating drugs ± gene mutation inhibitors or VEN+chemotherapy with a median number of 2 courses (1- 5 courses).Results:The median age of all patients was 60 years (18-73 years), and there were 24 males and 17 females. After 1 course of VEN-based therapy, 22 (53.7%) patients achieved complete remission (CR) or morphological complete remission without complete blood count recovery (CRi), including 5 patients achieving minimal residual disease (MRD) negative. After 2 courses of treatment, of 17 patients available for efficacy evaluation, 7 patients achieved MRD negative. Among 20 relapsed/refractory AML patients, 9 cases achieved CR/CRi after 1 course of treatment, of which 1 patient had MRD negative. Among 21 patients initially treated and re-treated, 13 cases achieved CR/CRi and 1 case achieved partial remission after 1 course of treatment, of which 4 cases had MRD negative.Conclusions:VEN-based treatment regimens for AML have a high remission rate and tolerable adverse effects.

5.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 902-906, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012332

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the histopathological and immunohistochemical characteristics of benign apocrine cystic papillary hyperplasia of the breast with loss of myoepithelial cell layer. Methods: The clinical data, histopathological features and immunohistochemical profile of patients with benign apocrine cystic papillary hyperplasia of breast with loss of myoepithelial cell layer from January 2016 to December 2021 were examined, in which six patients were identified. Results: All six patients were female, aged 36-61 years (median 46 years), who presented with a breast mass; three cases were from the left breast and three cases were from the right breast. Microscopic examination of all cases showed breast hyperplasia with apocrine cysts, accompanied by different degrees of micropapillary and papillary hyperplasia of apocrine cells. One case was associated with lobular carcinoma in situ, and one case was associated with apocrine ductal carcinoma in situ with intraductal dissemination in adenosis. Immunohistochemical staining of CK5/6, p63, SMA, SMMHC, Calponin and CD10 showed complete absence of myoepithelial cell layer surrounding ducts in apocrine cystic papillary hyperplasia. Conclusions: The myoepithelial cells of apocrine cystic papillary hyperplasia of the breast may undergo abnormal changes and may even be completely lost. The diagnosis should be comprehensively considered along with cytomorphological and histological features to avoid overdiagnosis.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Epithelial Cells/pathology , Hyperplasia/pathology , Papilloma/pathology , Mammary Glands, Human/pathology , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Lobular/complications , Carcinoma, Ductal/complications
6.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1224-1230, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930770

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of solution-focused approach on medication adherence in patients with cerebral ischemic stroke.Methods:A total of 120 patients with cerebral ischemic stroke from May to August 2019 in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University were divided into the experimental group and the control group by random digits table method with 60 cases in each group. The patients in the control group received the routine nursing in the hospital and extended nursing outside the hospital, while patients in the experimental group received the solution-focused approach based on the control group. The intervention effects of the two groups were evaluated by Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-8), Beliefs about Medication Questionnaire(BMQ), Richard Gray's scoring method of medication compliance confidence and willingness to take medication, and the changes of blood pressure.Results:Finally, 57 cases were included in the control group and 58 cases in the experimental group. There was no significant difference in the scores of medication compliance between the two groups before intervention( P>0.05). The scores of the control group and the experimental group were 5.110 ± 1.194, 6.160 ± 1.064 at 1 month after intervention and 5.044 ± 1.010, 6.306 ± 0.685 at 3 months after intervention, the differences were statistically significant ( t=4.98, 7.83, both P<0.05).There was no significant difference in medication belief score, medication compliance confidence score, willingness to take medication score, systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure between the control group and the experimental group before intervention( P>0.05). One month after intervention, those index mentioned above were (2.561 ±2.605) points, (7.123 ± 1.310) points, (6.368 ± 1.234) points, (131.86 ± 13.13) mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), (84.33 ± 7.05) mmHg in the control group, and (4.345 ± 3.006) points, (7.603 ± 1.388) points, (6.948 ± 1.527) points, (126.52 ± 12.44) mmHg, (83.95 ± 8.07) mmHg in the experimental group. Three months after intervention, those index mentioned above were (1.667 ± 2.149) points, (6.737 ± 1.218)points, (5.702 ± 1.362) points, (130.47 ± 13.77) mmHg, (84.25 ± 7.71) mmHg in the experimental group, and (4.879 ± 2.760) points, (7.793 ± 1.321) points, (7.207 ± 1.373) points, (125.71 ± 11.18) mmHg, (82.98 ±7.41) mmHg in the control group. One month and three months after intervention, the scores of medication belief and willingness to take medication in the experimental group were higher than those in the control group, and the systolic blood pressure was lower than that in the control group. Three months after interevention, medication compliance confidence was higher than that in the control group. The differences were statistically significant ( t values were -2.24-6.96, all P < 0.05). Repeated measurement analysis of variance showed that there were interactions between the group effect and time effect of medication compliance, medication belief, medication compliance confidence, willingness to take medication and systolic blood pressure ( F values were 12.81-26.17, all P<0.05). Conclusions:Solution-focused approach can significantly improve patients' medication adherence, beliefs about medication, medication compliance confidence, willingness to take medication, and effectively control blood pressure fluctuations.

7.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1486-1489, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954777

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mutational loci associated with the occurrence of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM).Methods:Six children with DCM and 3 healthy children were recruited through the " Children DCM Susceptibility Gene Research Project" for a prospective study from December 2019 to June 2021.Six patients were aged from 4 months to 14 years, including 5 girls and 1 boy.Three healthy children were aged between 3-13 years, including 2 girls and 1 boy.Whole exome sequencing was performed on the research subjects, and the pathogenic genes were identified by bioinformatics methods.At the same time, the venous blood of the first-degree relatives of the corresponding children was collected, and the region with gene mutations was subjected to next-generation sequencing.Results:A total of 4 mutational loci that might be related to DCM were identified.Case 1 was found to have a c. 2011-3C>G mutation in the jounctophiilin-2 ( JPH2) gene.The c.2011-3C>G mutation was homozygous (GG) in the child, but heterozygous (CG) in the parents.This child also had a c.G49415A mutation in the titin ( TTN) gene.This c.G49415A mutation was homozygous (AA) in the child, but heterozygous (GA) in the parents.Case 4 was found to have a c.G23033A mutation in the TTN gene.The c.G23033A mutation was heterozygous (GA) in both the subject and the father, but a wild type (GG) in the mother.Case 5 was found to have a c.16975_16978del mutation in the TTN gene.The c.16975_16978del mutation was heterozygous (TCTTC/T) in the child and the father, but a wild type (TCTTC/TCTTC) in the mother. Conclusions:A total of 4 pathogenic gene loci related to the pathogenesis of DCM are identified in this study.The finding enriches the DCM disease gene spectrum and provides targets for the implementation of precision medicine.

8.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 449-458, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953576

ABSTRACT

Objective: In this study, black tea and Citrus maxima (BT-CM), yellow tea and C. maxima (YT-CM), green tea and C. maxima (GT-CM) as subjects, the active ingredient content and antioxidant activity of three tea and C. maxima (T-CM) were analyzed. The effects of three T-CMs on apoptosis of liver cells in vitro and its mechanism were further explored. Methods: National standard method and HPLC were used for active ingredient analysis. MTT, cell flow cytometry and Western blot were used to analyze the effects of three T-CMs on cell proliferation, apoptosis, and its underlying molecular mechanism. Results: The content of tea polyphenols, free amino acids, ratio of polyphenols and amino acids, ester catechins, non-ester catechins and caffeine in YT-CM and GT-CM was significantly higher than that of BT-CM. The in vitro antioxidant capacity of YT-CM and GT-CM was also significantly stronger than that of BT-CM. Three T-CMs had the effects of inhibiting proliferation, arresting cell cycle and inducing apoptosis in HepG2 and Bel7402 cells, especially YT-CM and GT-CM. Western blot analysis showed three T-CMs activated PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway and regulated the expression levels of apoptosis-related proteins Bax, Bcl-2 and Caspase-3/9. YT-CM and GT-CM had better ability to change the signal pathway than BT-CM. Conclusion: In short, T-CMs, which combined different degrees of fermentation tea with C. maxima, were rich in nutrients and biologically active substances. T-CMs, especially YT-CM and GT-CM, are healthy drinks that help to prevent and treat liver cancer.

9.
Health Communication ; (2): 167-176, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914406

ABSTRACT

Results@#Among grit’s sub-areas, consistent effort was significantly associated with gender (male students scored higher than female students (t=2.20, p=.029), scores were higher when parental relationships were intimate (F=5.88, p=.003), and the closer the relationship with the homeroom teacher, the higher the score (F=3.51, p=.032). The regression model in this study was statistically significant (F=26.730, p<.001), and the variables that influenced steady effort (Grit) were self-resilience (β=.331, p<.001), and self-emotion regulation (β=.290, p<.001), sex (β=-.142, p=.024), the explanatory power of the variable’s continuous effort was 29.4%. @*Conclusion@#The middle school age is the time to discover life goals and dreams. Grit is persistent efforts to achieve our goals and in order to raise the level of Grit, we need to develop and provide ongoing curriculum and tailored school programs that will increase self-resilience and self-emotion control skills.

10.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 533-542, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015961

ABSTRACT

Nuclear transport of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is a prerequisite for its biological function. WD Repeat domain 1 (WDR1), a regulator of the cytoskeleton factors, may affect STAT3 nuclear translocation. However, the molecular mechanism regarding the effect of WDR1 on STAT3 nuclear translocation is still unknown. To investigate the effect of WDR1 on STAT3 nuclear translocation in smooth muscle cells, a human aortic vascular smooth muscle cells (HAVSMCs) model with stable knockdown of WDR1 was constructed. The results of RT-qPCR and Western blot showed that the activation and expression of STAT3 were not significantly altered after knockdown of Wdr1 (P>0. 05); the results of nucleoplasm isolation showed that the nucleoplasm distribution of STAT3 was significantly affected after knockdown of WDR1 compared with the control group. Subsequent results showed that the expression of STAT3 nuclear input-associated protein β (importin β) was inhibited (P < 0. 05) and the nucleoplasmic ratio of Ras-associated nuclear protein (Ran) was significantly decreased compared to the control group. Results from CCK8 and Transwell assays indicated that overexpression of importin β was able to rescue the inhibition of proliferation and migration of HAVSMCs caused by WDR1 knockdown. Further results showed that knockdown of WDR1 resulted in a significant decrease in the expression of nuclear transport factor 2 (NTF2) associated with the Ran nucleotide cycle (P<0. 05). After overexpression of NTF2, the results of CCK8 and Transwell experiments showed that the proliferation and migration ability of HAVSMCs were significantly enhanced (P < 0. 05). Summarizing the above results, knockdown of WDR1, by inhibiting the expression of importin β and NTF2, alters the nucleoplasmic distribution of Ran and decreases the nuclear translocation of STAT3, thus regulating the proliferation and migration of smooth muscle cells.

11.
Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 772-778, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805723

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the imaging features and etiology of lymphatic trunk in primary facial lymphedema.@*Methods@#26 patients with primary facial lymphedema patients (F/M, 13/13, ages 21.8 ± 13.9 years old) were recruited from January 2015 to October 2017 in this study, with 32 sides facial lymphedema reported, including 6 right facial lymphedema, 14 left facial lymphedema, and 6 bilateral facial lymphedema. And all the patient data and imaging were retrospective analysis to summarize the MR imaging features of thoracic duct and right lymphatic duct, meanwhile compared with surgical results.@*Results@#For all 26 patients, MR imaging result in thoracic duct manifests 32 lymphatic duct, including 20 thoracic duct and 12 right lymphatic duct. The imaging features demonstrate two typical findings: dilated(13 cases) and slim(7 cases) demonstrations. While for right lymphatic duct, the MR result included three types: dilated(6 cases), slim(4 cases) and no sign of manifestations(2 cases). In surgery, the thoracic duct in cervical segment demonstrated abnormal structures, including capsulated by fibrous tissues in peripheral area(30 sides), surrounded by internal jugular vein sheath(11 sides), external pressed by venae cervicalis transversa(5 sides) and lymphatic trunk dysplasia(2 sides).@*Conclusions@#MR thoracic duct and right lymphatic duct imaging can be used as an effective diagnostic imaging method for primary facial lymphedema, and the structural anomaly of the upper cervical catheter and the right lymphatic catheter may be one of the pathogenic factors of primary facial lymphedema.

12.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 321-326, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805077

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the prognostic value of serum free light chain ratio (rFLC) and difference (dFLC) in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) .@*Methods@#Clinical data of 479 cases of newly diagnosed MM patients with FLC test records referred to our hospital from January 2012 to March 2016 were collected. rFLC preferred cut-off values were selected as≤14.828,14.828-364.597, ≥364.597 according to the literatures. The dFLC was divided into ≤112.85,112.85-2891.83, ≥2891.83 mg/L three groups. The rFLC and dFLC values among the death, the non-death, the progress and the non-progress groups were compared by t test. The correlation analysis showed that the rFLC and dFLC values were related to the death or progression of the disease. Logistic regression was used to analyze the correlation between each factor and death or progression. Univariate survival analysis (PFS) and total survival (OS) were performed using Kaplan-Meier. Single-variable and multivariate prognostic analysis were performed using Cox model.@*Results@#The cutoff values of rFLC less than 14.828 or dFLC less than or equal to 112.85 mg/L impacted most significant on OS and PFS of the patients (P<0.05) . Different rFLC cut-off values between two groups showed that when rFLC=14.828, OS was significantly better than the other two groups (NR vs 61 & 47 months, P=0.019) ; different dFLC cut-off values between two groups disclosed that PFS and OS were statistically significant when dFLC less than or equal to 112.85 mg/L compared with the other two groups (P<0.05) . The 4-year PFS/OS rates in the initial dFLC≤112.85 mg/L and rFLC≤14.828 groups was significantly higher than of the other two groups.@*Conclusion@#Different cutoff levels of rFLC and dFLC might have obviously effects on the prognoses of patients with newly diagnosed MM. The difference of survival prognosis would be more pronounced when rFLC≤14.828 or dFLC≤112.85 mg/L with lower risk of death and lower risk ratio, which might be ideal cutoff value for determining the prognosis of these patients.

13.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 273-275, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819331

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the refractive status of all students in four schools in Xicheng District of Beijing, and to provide data for myopia prevention and control in the future.@*Methods@#A total of 2 496 students from 2 complete middle schools and 2 primary schools were examined for visual acuity and non-mydriatic automatic optometry. The data about their eyesight and refractive status was analyzed by using SPSS 11.5.@*Results@#The total detection rate of poor eyesight was 69.99% in four schools, and total rate of myopia was 57.97%. 1 610 eyes were of low myopia (32.25%), 1 054 eyes were of moderate myopia (21.11%) and 231 eyes were of high myopia (4.61%). The order of refractive status composition in different periods was as follows: in primary school, it was emmetropia (35.64%)> low myopia (28.76%)> hyperopia (15.04%)> moderate myopia (10.45%); and in junior middle school, low myopia (38.62%) > moderate myopia (29.07%) > emmetropia (12.43%); in senior middle school, moderate myopia (37.31%) > low myopia (33.95%)> high myopia (11.34%), the emmetropia in senior middle school was detected of only 5.29%. Low myopia increased rapidly from grade 1 (10.54%) to grade 3 (30.08%) in primary schools, moderate myopia increased rapidly from grade 4 to grade 6 (14.22%, 17.94%, 25.00%) in primary schools, and high myopia increased rapidly from grade 2 (7.11%) in junior middle school to grade 2 (13.47%) in senior middle school. The average diopter was (-1.69±2.42)D. The average diopter of primary school was (-0.76±1.87)D, junior middle school was (-2.41±2.40)D, senior middle school was (-3.09±2.62)D, the difference was significant (F=541.40, P<0.01). The average diopter of each grade decreased year by year with significant difference (F=139.97, P<0.01). The annual difference was between - 0.3 D and - 0.7 D.@*Conclusion@#The prevention and control of myopia should pay special attention to the primary school stage. The earlier the intervention, the more likely it is to prevent myopia from developing into high myopia.

14.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 321-326, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011983

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the prognostic value of serum free light chain ratio (rFLC) and difference (dFLC) in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) . Methods: Clinical data of 479 cases of newly diagnosed MM patients with FLC test records referred to our hospital from January 2012 to March 2016 were collected. rFLC preferred cut-off values were selected as≤14.828,14.828-364.597, ≥364.597 according to the literatures. The dFLC was divided into ≤112.85,112.85-2891.83, ≥2891.83 mg/L three groups. The rFLC and dFLC values among the death, the non-death, the progress and the non-progress groups were compared by t test. The correlation analysis showed that the rFLC and dFLC values were related to the death or progression of the disease. Logistic regression was used to analyze the correlation between each factor and death or progression. Univariate survival analysis (PFS) and total survival (OS) were performed using Kaplan-Meier. Single-variable and multivariate prognostic analysis were performed using Cox model. Results: The cutoff values of rFLC less than 14.828 or dFLC less than or equal to 112.85 mg/L impacted most significant on OS and PFS of the patients (P<0.05) . Different rFLC cut-off values between two groups showed that when rFLC=14.828, OS was significantly better than the other two groups (NR vs 61 & 47 months, P=0.019) ; different dFLC cut-off values between two groups disclosed that PFS and OS were statistically significant when dFLC less than or equal to 112.85 mg/L compared with the other two groups (P<0.05) . The 4-year PFS/OS rates in the initial dFLC≤112.85 mg/L and rFLC≤14.828 groups was significantly higher than of the other two groups. Conclusion: Different cutoff levels of rFLC and dFLC might have obviously effects on the prognoses of patients with newly diagnosed MM. The difference of survival prognosis would be more pronounced when rFLC≤14.828 or dFLC≤112.85 mg/L with lower risk of death and lower risk ratio, which might be ideal cutoff value for determining the prognosis of these patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Immunoglobulin Light Chains , Multiple Myeloma , Multivariate Analysis , Prognosis , Survival Analysis
15.
Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 58-63, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805934

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the effects of different purification method on the ratio of each component in the suspension of fat granules and the cell viability.@*Methods@#Fat granule suspension was harvested under conventional swelling anesthesia, and divided into staticseparation group, centrifugation group, washing and filtration group.①staticseparation group: based on different gravity separation time (30 s, 1 min, 5 min, 10 min, 30 min, 1 h, 4 h, 12 h, 24 h), the group was subdivided into 9 groups.②Centrifugation group: based on different centrifugation times (3, 5, 10 min) combined withdifferent centrifugation rates (1 000, 2 000, 3 000, 4 000 r/min), this group was subdivided into 12 groups.③Washing and filtration group: According to the layers of gauze (1 layer, 2 layers, 5 layers), this group was subdivided into three groups. Adipocyte activity was measured by Calcein-AM / Hoechst 33342 dual fluorescence staining, and the viable cell rate was calculated. T test was introducedto compare between two samples. One-way AVOVA analysis was used to compare between two groups of samples.@*Results@#Staticseparation group: After gravity separation, the fat granules were separated intooil layer, fat granules layer and liquid layer, and stabilized at 5 min after staticseparation. ②Centrifugation group: The viable cell ratewas highest at 3 min in 2 000 r/min group.③Washing and filtration group: More volume of fat particles were collected by filtration with 2-layer gauze, and the viable cell rate was not significantly reduced.Compared with static 5 min method (86.75±6.29)%, 2 000 r/min 3 min (89.05±7.16)% and double gauze filtration rinse, the cell viability rate was (87.85±5.92)%, and there was no significant difference between the three groups (P> 0.05).@*Conclusions@#5 min static separation, 2-layer gauze filter and 2 000 r/min 3 min fat cell survival rate is the highest among each group, and no significant difference in viable cell rate between these three method . Clinically, 2 000 r/min 3 min is suitable for a small amount of fat filling, washing and filtration is suitable for massive fat filling.

16.
Journal of Modern Laboratory Medicine ; (4): 146-150, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696231

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate and improve overall quality detection of 8 instruments in emergency laboratory using 6σ quality standard.Methods In 2017,collected both internal quality control (IQC) and external quality assessment (EQA) data of 46 assay items from 8 instruments in their laboratory,and then calculated their σ values and total allowed errors ac cording to CLIA'88 standards.By comparison of their quality goal index (QGI) between first and second half year of 2017,successfully elevated assayquality using strategy (man,machine,material,method,measurment and enviroment).Results For all 46 assay items (except NT-proBNP without second EQA data),made better improvement of detection of 34 (75.6 % of 6σ qualified),38(84.4% of 5σ qualified),40(88.9% of 4σ qualified),44 (97.8% of 3σ qualified) and 1 (2.2% of 2~3σ qualified) items,respectively whereas there were 27 (58.7% of 6σ qualified),30 (65.2% of 5σ qualified),35 (76.1% of 4σ qualified),41 (89.1% of 3σ qualified) and 5 (10.9% of 2~3σ qualified) items before improvement.Conclusion Using 6σ quality standard,could make more progress in the laboratory for many respects:fast and accurate clinical reports,reducing reinspection rate,and increasing patient's satisfactory,etc.

17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1336-1342, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689934

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyse the clinical characteristics and therapeutic efticacy of patients with mantle cell lymphoma(MCL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data including cliniced parameters and laboratorial test results of 54 patients with MCL were collected and restrospectively analyzed to clarity the clinical characteristics of MCL and to evaluate the survival and factors affecting prgnosis of patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The incidence of MCL accounted for 4.0% of NHL in our center. The median age of MCL patients was 63 years old, the male and female ratio was 1.4∶1. The MCL patients inⅢ-Ⅳ stage accounted for 96.3%; the extranodal organ involvement existed in 98.1% patients, the most common extranodal involvement sites were bone marrow(72.2%), spleen(51.9%), gastrointestinal tract(25.9%). The overall response rate(ORR) was 66.7%, among which the complete remisson (CR) rate was 37.1%, 3 year and 5 year-progression free survival rate was 52.7% and 34.7% respectively, 3 year and 5 year overall survival rate was 60.4% and 49.6% respectively. The therapeutic efficacy in chemotherapy combined with cytarabine group was suprior to that in chemotherapy group without cyteratine, the chemotherapy comtined with auto-HSCT could further improve the prognosis of patients. The unvariatc analysis showed that the KI67 level, B sgmptom, liver function, LDH and C-RP levels, initial therapeutic efficacy, high dose cytarabine regimen, auto-HSCT and relapse-refractroy status were prognosis-related factors; the multi-variate analysis showed that the initial therapeutic efficacy and relapse rcfractory stasus were independent prognostic risk factors. Analysis showed that the surival of patients stratified according to MIPI and MIPI-c indexes was significantly different from that stratified by IPI index.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The MCL patients commonly complicated by extranodal involvement and have poor prognoss. Using the chenotherapy regimen combined with high doge of cytarabine as induction therapy and auto-HSCT as consotidatory therapy shows the significont efficacy for survival of young patients with MCL. The MIPI and MIPIc indexe are more much suitable for prognosis evaluation of MCL patients.The initial therapeuntic efficacy and relapse-refractrong status are the independant prognosis-related factors.</p>

18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1657-1662, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773040

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship of T lymphocyte subsets, B lymphocytes and NK cells with the genesis, progression and prognosis of B cell lymphoma.@*METHODS@#The levels of T lymphocyte subsets, B lymphocytes and NK cells in peripheral blood of healthy control group and B cell lymphoma group were detected by flow cytometry (FCM). The clinical data were collected, and the relationship of these immune indexes with the general conditions, laboratory indexes, curative effect and prognosis were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Forty-four patients entolled in this study including 24 male and 20 females with the median age of 57 years old (17-82 years), all the patients were the first visit to our hospital and diagnosed. The total counts of lymphocytes, T, B and NK cells in the peripheral blood of patients with the first treatment of B-cell lymphoma were significantly lower than those in healthy controls, and the ratio of CD3HLA-DR activated T cells was significantly higher than that of healthy controls ( 61.5 /μl was higher than that in patients with low level of NK cells.@*CONCLUSION@#The level of total lymphocytes, total T cells, total B cells, NK cells and advanced activated T cells in the patients with B cell lymphoma were significantly different from those in normal subjects. Total count of lymphocytes, T cells, B cells, CD4 cells and NK cells in peripheral blood are important prognostic indicators for BCL. The ECOG score and β2-microglobulin level are independent risk factors for prognosis. The NK cell level and FAC-1 are independent protective factors for the prognosis of B cell lymphoma.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Killer Cells, Natural , Lymphocyte Count , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Prognosis , T-Lymphocyte Subsets
19.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2113-2116, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617025

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the influence of octreotide(OCT)on plasma ALT and AST and hepatic tissue protein expression of Bcl-2,Bax,GRP78 and CHOP in rats liver with fibrosis,to explore whether it relieves liver injury in rats with hepatic fibrosis by relieving endoplasmic reticulum stress(ERS)reaction. Methods For-ty Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into Con group ,Mod group and OCT-treatment groups at high and low doses(1,10 mg/kg/12 h respectively). Except for rats in Con group,all rats were injected with 40%CCl4 sub-cutaneously twice a week for 8 weeks to establish hepatic fibrosis ,and those in OCT-treatment groups were injected at different doses of OCT twice a day at the same time. Plasma ALT and AST was assayed;the isolated livers were evaluated for histopathological changes by HE staining and Masson staining;hepatic histological grading and stag-ing were assessed by Ishak scoring system;Bcl-2,Bax,GRP78 and CHOP protein expression levels were deter-mined by Western blot. Results Compared with those in Con group ,the degrees of inflammatory cell infiltration and fibers,hepatic histological grading and staging,plasma ALT,AST activities and Bax,GRP78,CHOP protein levels were significantly increased in Mod and OCT-treatment groups ,but Bcl-2 protein level was significantly de-creased at the same time(P0.05). Conclusions OCT can reduce the level of liver injury in rats with hepatic fibrosis ,thus the mechanism may be related to relieving the ERS reaction in liver.

20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 430-435, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779610

ABSTRACT

Human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG), a glycohormone widely used in treatment of infertility, is a heterodimer composed of an alpha-and a beta-subunit. The heterodimer could be dissociated during production and storage with an impact on its bioactivity. A CE-SDS method for quantitative analysis of hCG subunit dissociation was established in this study by optimization of a variety of method conditions including sample preparation buffer compositions, incubation temperature, separation voltage, and capillary temperature. This method was validated for good sensitivity, linearity, precision, and accuracy for both α-and β-subunit. CE-SDS also showed much better precision and accuracy than SDS-PAGE. The method was successfully used in both recombinant hCG (r-hCG) produced by cell culture and hCG (u-hCG) derived from urine. The CE-SDS method was used in the study of hCG development and stability. Therefore, it is an useful tool for the quality control of hCG.

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