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1.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 606-613, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833346

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Data on the distribution and impact of panel reactive antibodies (PRA) and donor specific antibodies (DSA) before lung transplantation in Asia, especially multi-center-based data, are limited. This study evaluated the prevalence of and effects of PRA and DSA levels before lung transplantations on outcomes in Korean patients using nationwide multicenter registry data. @*Materials and Methods@#This study included 103 patients who received a lung transplant at five tertiary hospitals in South Korea between March 2015 and December 2017. Mortality, primary graft dysfunction (PGD), and bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) were evaluated. @*Results@#Sixteen patients had class I and/or class II PRAs exceeding 50%. Ten patients (9.7%) had DSAs with a mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) higher than 1000, six of whom had antibodies with a high MFI (≥2000). DSAs with high MFIs were more frequently observed in patients with high-grade PGD (≥2) than in those with no or low-grade (≤1) PGD. In the 47 patients who survived for longer than 9 months and were evaluated for BOS after the transplant, BOS was not related to DSA or PRA levels. One-year mortality was more strongly related to PRA class I exceeding 50% than that under 50% (0% vs. 16.7%, p=0.007). @*Conclusion@#Preoperative DSAs and PRAs are related to worse outcomes after lung transplantation. DSAs and PRAs should be considered when selecting lung transplant recipients, and recipients who have preoperative DSAs with high MFI values and high PRA levels should be monitored closely after lung transplantation.

2.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 522-530, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741411

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Abnormal body composition is an important modifiable risk factor in lung transplantation. Therefore, precise quantification of different body components, including muscle and fat, may play an important role in optimizing outcomes in lung transplant patients. The purpose of the study was to investigate the prognostic significance of muscle and subcutaneous fat mass measured on chest CT with regard to lung transplantation survival and other post-transplant outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population included 45 consecutive adult lung transplant recipients (mean age of 47.9 ± 12.1 years; 31 males and 14 females) between 2011 and 2017. Preoperative cross-sectional areas of muscle and subcutaneous fat were semi-automatically measured on axial CT images at the level of the 12th thoracic vertebra (T12). Additional normalized indexed parameters, adjusted for either height or weight, were obtained. Associations of quantitative parameters with survival and various other post-transplant outcomes were evaluated. RESULTS: Of the 45 patients included in the present study, 10 mortalities were observed during the follow-up period. Patients with relative sarcopenia (RS) classified based on height-adjusted muscle area with a cut-off value of 28.07 cm²/m² demonstrated worse postoperative survival (log-rank test, p = 0.007; hazard ratio [HR], 6.39:1) despite being adjusted for age, sex, and body mass index (HR, 8.58:1; p = 0.022). Weight-adjusted parameters of muscle area were negatively correlated with duration of ventilator support (R = −0.54, p < 0.001) and intensive care unit (ICU) stay (R = −0.33, p = 0.021). CONCLUSION: Patients with RS demonstrate worse survival after lung transplantation that those without RS. Additionally, quantitative parameters of muscles measured at the T12 level on chest CT were associated with the duration of post-lung transplant ventilator support and duration of stay in the ICU.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Body Composition , Body Mass Index , Cohort Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Intensive Care Units , Lung , Lung Transplantation , Mortality , Muscles , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Sarcopenia , Spine , Subcutaneous Fat , Thorax , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Transplant Recipients , Ventilators, Mechanical
3.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 992-997, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762032

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We investigated the characteristics of lung allocation and outcomes of lung transplant (LTx) according to the Korean urgency status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: LTx registration in the Korean Organ Transplantation Registry (KOTRY) began in 2015. From 2015 to June 2017, 86 patients who received LTx were enrolled in KOTRY. After excluding one patient who received a heart-lung transplant, 85 were included. Subjects were analyzed according to the Korean urgency status. RESULTS: Except for Status 0, urgency status was classified based on partial pressure of oxygen in arterial blood gas analysis and functional status in 52 patients (93%). The wait time for lung allograft was well-stratified by urgency (Status 0, 46.5±59.2 days; Status 1, 104.4±98.2 days; Status 2 or 3, 132.2±118.4 days, p=0.009). Status 0 was associated with increased operative times and higher intraoperative blood transfusion. Status 0 was associated with prolonged extracorporeal membrane oxygenation use, postoperative bleeding, and longer mechanical ventilation after operation. Survival of Status 0 patients seemed worse than that of non-Status 0 patients, although differences were not significant. CONCLUSION: The Korean urgency classification for LTx is determined by using very limited parameters and may not be a true reflection of urgency. Status 0 patients seem to have poor outcomes compared to the other urgency status patients, despite having the highest priority for donor lungs. Further multi-center and nationwide studies are needed to revise the lung allocation system to reflect true urgency and provide the best benefit of lung transplantation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Allografts , Blood Gas Analysis , Blood Transfusion , Classification , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Hemorrhage , Lung Transplantation , Lung , Operative Time , Organ Transplantation , Oxygen , Partial Pressure , Respiration, Artificial , Tissue Donors , Transplants
4.
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases ; : 348-356, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761956

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Recently, the number of lung transplants in South Korea has increased. However, the long-term outcome data is limited. In this study, we aimed to investigate the long-term outcomes of adult lung transplantation recipients. METHODS: Among the patients that underwent lung transplantation at a tertiary referral center in South Korea between 2008 and 2017, adults patient who underwent deceased-donor lung transplantation with available follow-up data were enrolled. Their medical records were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Through eligibility screening, we identified 60 adult patients that underwent lung (n=51) or heart-lung transplantation (n=9) during the observation period. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (46.7%, 28/60) was the most frequent cause of lung transplantation. For all the 60 patients, the median follow-up duration for post-transplantation was 2.6 years (range, 0.01–7.6). During the post-transplantation follow-up period, 19 patients (31.7%) died at a median duration of 194 days. The survival rates were 75.5%, 67.6%, and 61.8% at 1 year, 3 years, and 5 years, respectively. Out of the 60 patients, 8 (13.3%) were diagnosed with chronic lung allograft dysfunction (CLAD), after a mean duration of 3.3±2.8 years post-transplantation. The CLAD development rate was 0%, 17.7%, and 25.8% at 1 year, 3 years, and 5 years, respectively. The most common newly developed post-transplantation comorbidity was the chronic kidney disease (CKD; 54.0%), followed by diabetes mellitus (25.9%). CONCLUSION: Among the adult lung transplantation recipients at a South Korea tertiary referral center, the long-term survival rates were favorable. The proportion of patients who developed CLAD was not substantial. CKD was the most common post-transplantation comorbidity.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Allografts , Comorbidity , Diabetes Mellitus , Follow-Up Studies , Heart-Lung Transplantation , Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis , Korea , Lung Transplantation , Lung , Mass Screening , Medical Records , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Tertiary Care Centers
5.
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases ; : 348-356, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919451

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Recently, the number of lung transplants in South Korea has increased. However, the long-term outcome data is limited. In this study, we aimed to investigate the long-term outcomes of adult lung transplantation recipients.@*METHODS@#Among the patients that underwent lung transplantation at a tertiary referral center in South Korea between 2008 and 2017, adults patient who underwent deceased-donor lung transplantation with available follow-up data were enrolled. Their medical records were retrospectively reviewed.@*RESULTS@#Through eligibility screening, we identified 60 adult patients that underwent lung (n=51) or heart-lung transplantation (n=9) during the observation period. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (46.7%, 28/60) was the most frequent cause of lung transplantation. For all the 60 patients, the median follow-up duration for post-transplantation was 2.6 years (range, 0.01–7.6). During the post-transplantation follow-up period, 19 patients (31.7%) died at a median duration of 194 days. The survival rates were 75.5%, 67.6%, and 61.8% at 1 year, 3 years, and 5 years, respectively. Out of the 60 patients, 8 (13.3%) were diagnosed with chronic lung allograft dysfunction (CLAD), after a mean duration of 3.3±2.8 years post-transplantation. The CLAD development rate was 0%, 17.7%, and 25.8% at 1 year, 3 years, and 5 years, respectively. The most common newly developed post-transplantation comorbidity was the chronic kidney disease (CKD; 54.0%), followed by diabetes mellitus (25.9%).@*CONCLUSION@#Among the adult lung transplantation recipients at a South Korea tertiary referral center, the long-term survival rates were favorable. The proportion of patients who developed CLAD was not substantial. CKD was the most common post-transplantation comorbidity.

6.
The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 195-201, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715411

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: We investigated the surgical outcomes of patients who underwent therapeutic surgery for malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) at a single center. METHODS: A retrospective review of 21 patients who underwent therapeutic surgery for MPM from January 2001 to June 2015 was conducted to assess their outcomes. The patients' characteristics and postoperative course, including complications, mortality, overall survival, and recurrence-free survival, were analyzed. RESULTS: Of the 21 patients who underwent therapeutic surgery, 15 (71.4%) underwent extrapleural pneumonectomy, 2 pleurectomy (9.5%), and 4 excision (19.1 %). The median age was 57 years (range, 32–79 years) and 15 were men (71.4%). The mean hospital stay was 16 days (range, 1–63 days). Median survival was 14.3 months. The survival rate was 54.2%, 35.6%, and 21.3% at 1, 3, and 5 years, respectively. In patients' postoperative course, heart failure was a major complication, occurring in 3 patients (14.3%). The in-hospital mortality rate was 2 of 21 (9.5%) due to a case of severe pneumonia and a case of acute heart failure. CONCLUSION: A fair 5-year survival rate of 21.3% was observed after surgical treatment. Heart failure was a major complication in our cohort. Various surgical methods can be utilized with MPM, each with its own benefits, taking into consideration the severity of the disease and the comorbidities of the patient. Patients with local recurrence may be candidates for surgical intervention, with possible satisfying results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Cohort Studies , Comorbidity , Heart Failure , Hospital Mortality , Length of Stay , Mesothelioma , Mortality , Pneumonectomy , Pneumonia , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
7.
The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 376-383, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718917

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of surgical resection in patients with radiographically noninvasive lung adenocarcinoma according to the surgical strategy. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted of 128 patients who underwent pulmonary resection for ground-glass opacity (GGO)–dominant nodules measuring ≤2 cm with a consolidation/tumor ratio ≤0.25 based on computed tomography between 2008 and 2015. The 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) rate and 5-year overall survival (OS) rate were analyzed. RESULTS: Among the 128 patients, wedge resection, segmentectomy, and lobectomy were performed in 40 (31.2%), 22 (17.2%), and 66 patients (51.6%), respectively. No significant differences were found among the groups in the mean size of tumors (p=0.119), the rate of pure-GGO nodules (p=0.814), the consolidation/tumor ratio (p=0.695), or the rate of invasive adenocarcinoma (p=0.378). Centrally located tumors were more common in the lobectomy group (21.2%) than in the wedge resection (0%) or segmentectomy (0%) groups (p=0.001). There were no significant differences in the 5-year DFS rate (100%, 100%, 92.7%, respectively; p=0.76) or 5-year OS rate (100%, 100%, 100%; p=0.223) among the wedge resection, segmentectomy, and lobectomy groups. CONCLUSION: For radiographically noninvasive lung adenocarcinoma measuring ≤2 cm with a consolidation/tumor ratio ≤0.25, wedge resection and segmentectomy could be comparable surgical options to lobectomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma , Disease-Free Survival , Lung , Mastectomy, Segmental , Retrospective Studies , Solitary Pulmonary Nodule , Thorax
8.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 1304-1311, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-165881

ABSTRACT

Primary airway tumors are rare in children and no literature reviewed their characteristics each location. We evaluate the clinical characteristics and outcomes of Korean children with primary airway tumors, from the larynx to bronchi. A retrospective chart review of children with primary tumors of the larynx, trachea, and bronchi at Asan Medical Center from January 2000 to July 2016 was conducted. Nineteen children were diagnosed with primary airway tumors of the larynx (47.4%), trachea (10.5%), and bronchi (42.1%). Median follow-up duration was 2.8 years and there were recurrences in 21.1%. Laryngeal tumors were associated with a younger median age at onset (2 months) and diagnosis (4 months), and most were relatively small (median size = 5.3 mm) and symptomatic. Tracheal and bronchial tumors were found in older children (age at onset and diagnosis > 11 years) and large (> 15.0 mm). Most (75%) patients with bronchial tumors were asymptomatic and all the patients with tracheal tumors were symptomatic. This study suggests that we should consider different the locations in primary airway tumor based on the age at onset and diagnosis, initial symptoms or signs, and size of tumor.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Age of Onset , Bronchi , Diagnosis , Follow-Up Studies , Larynx , Pediatrics , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Trachea
9.
The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 59-62, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-222283

ABSTRACT

A 12-month-old boy was diagnosed with agenesis of the right lung. Mediastinal deviation progressed to the diseased side as the patient matured; therefore, tracheal distortion developed. As a result, tracheal compression developed between the vertebral body and aorta. The patient was repeatedly admitted to the hospital because of recurrent pulmonary infection and combined severe respiratory distress. Diaphragm translocation was performed to treat the patient. The postoperative course was favorable, and computed tomography scan findings and symptoms had improved at 1 year after surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Male , Aorta , Diaphragm , Lung
10.
The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 157-164, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-20930

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Heart-lung transplantation (HLT) has provided hope to patients with end-stage lung disease and irreversible heart dysfunction. We reviewed the clinical outcomes of 10 patients who underwent heart-lung transplantation at Asan Medical Center. METHODS: Between July 2010 and August 2014, a total of 11 patients underwent HLT at Asan Medical Center. After excluding one patient who underwent concomitant liver transplantation, 10 patients were enrolled in our study. We reviewed the demographics of the donors and the recipients' baseline information, survival rate, cause of death, and postoperative complications. All patients underwent follow-up, with a mean duration of 26.1±16.7 months. RESULTS: Early death occurred in two patients (20%) due to septic shock. Late death occurred in three patients (38%) due to bronchiolitis obliterans (n=2) and septic shock (n=1), although these patients survived for 22, 28, and 42 months, respectively. The actuarial survival rates at one year, two years, and three years after HLT were 80%, 67%, and 53%, respectively. CONCLUSION: HLT is a procedure that is rarely performed in Korea, even in medical centers with large heart and lung transplant programs. In order to achieve acceptable clinical outcomes, it is critical to carefully choose the donor and the recipient and to be certain that all aspects of the transplant procedure are planned in advance with the greatest care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bronchiolitis Obliterans , Cause of Death , Demography , Follow-Up Studies , Heart , Heart-Lung Transplantation , Hope , Korea , Liver Transplantation , Lung , Lung Diseases , Mortality , Postoperative Complications , Shock, Septic , Survival Rate , Tissue Donors
11.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 182-197, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-77116

ABSTRACT

The advent of three-dimensional printing (3DP) technology has enabled the creation of a tangible and complex 3D object that goes beyond a simple 3D-shaded visualization on a flat monitor. Since the early 2000s, 3DP machines have been used only in hard tissue applications. Recently developed multi-materials for 3DP have been used extensively for a variety of medical applications, such as personalized surgical planning and guidance, customized implants, biomedical research, and preclinical education. In this review article, we discuss the 3D reconstruction process, touching on medical imaging, and various 3DP systems applicable to medicine. In addition, the 3DP medical applications using multi-materials are introduced, as well as our recent results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomedical Research , Computer-Aided Design , Diagnostic Imaging/instrumentation , Precision Medicine , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Prostheses and Implants
12.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 506-514, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-58265

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Infections are major causes of both early and late death after lung transplantation (LT). The development of prophylaxis strategies has altered the epidemiology of post-LT infections; however, recent epidemiological data are limited. We evaluated infections after LT at our institution by time of occurrence, site of infections, and microbiologic etiologies. METHODS: All consecutive patients undergoing lung or heart-lung transplantation between October 2008 and August 2014 at our institution were enrolled. Cases of infections after LT were initially identified from the prospective registry database, which was followed by a detailed review of the patients' medical records. RESULTS: A total of 108 episodes of post-LT infections (56 bacterial, 43 viral, and nine fungal infections) were observed in 34 LT recipients. Within 1 month after LT, the most common bacterial infections were catheter-related bloodstream infections (42%). Pneumonia was the most common site of bacterial infection in the 2- to 6-month period (28%) and after 6 months (47%). Cytomegalovirus was the most common viral infection within 1 month (75%) and in the 2- to 6-month period (80%). Respiratory viruses were the most common viruses after 6 months (48%). Catheter-related candidemia was the most common fungal infection. Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis developed after 6 months. Survival rates at the first and third years were 79% and 73%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Although this study was performed in a single center, we provide valuable and recent detailed epidemiology data for post-LT infections. A further multicenter study is required to properly evaluate the epidemiology of post-LT infections in Korea.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bacterial Infections/diagnosis , Catheter-Related Infections/microbiology , Cytomegalovirus Infections/virology , Heart-Lung Transplantation/adverse effects , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Lung Transplantation/adverse effects , Medical Records , Mycoses/diagnosis , Pneumonia, Bacterial/microbiology , Registries , Republic of Korea/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Virus Diseases/diagnosis
13.
Archives of Reconstructive Microsurgery ; : 21-24, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-87895

ABSTRACT

Bronchopleural fistula is an unnatural communication between the bronchial tree and pleural space. Closure of the bronchial stump using various muscular flaps has been previously reported. There have been few reports on treatment of large defects with bronchopleural fistula accompanied by surrounding muscle injury. We report on our experience with two patients suffering from large defect with bronchopleural fistula, who were treated with free flaps. No recurrence of bronchopleural fistula was observed during follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bronchial Fistula , Fistula , Follow-Up Studies , Free Tissue Flaps , Recurrence
14.
The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 153-155, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-13790

ABSTRACT

A 57-year-old man was diagnosed with lung cancer and underwent pneumonectomy and mediastinal lymph node dissection. He was discharged without acute complications, but on a regular outpatient follow-up, he was readmitted with postpneumonectomy empyema. He was successfully treated with a vacuum-assisted closure device and for 1 year period of outpatient follow-up, there was no recurrence of empyema or lung cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Empyema , Follow-Up Studies , Lung Neoplasms , Lymph Node Excision , Negative-Pressure Wound Therapy , Outpatients , Pneumonectomy , Recurrence
15.
The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 302-304, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-174758

ABSTRACT

Ectopic mediastinal parathyroid adenomas are rare, but can be life-threatening. Resection is indicated in those cases accompanied by hypercalcemia, especially in young patients. Although most mediastinal parathyroid adenomas can be removed by a cervical approach, a transthoracic approach is needed when the adenoid tissues are located deep within the thoracic cavity. We describe the case of a 37-year-old female who underwent excision of an intrathoracic ectopic parathyroid adenoma after parathyroidectomy four months earlier.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adenoids , Hypercalcemia , Parathyroid Neoplasms , Parathyroidectomy , Thoracic Cavity
16.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 462-467, 2008.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-57382

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The ability to study microvessels of a beating heart in real time at the level of the capillary is essential for research. However, there are no proven methods currently available to achieve this. The conventional absorption-contrast agents have limitations for studying capillaries. Microangiography with using synchrotron phase-contrast X-ray technology and no contrast agent has recently been reported on. We tried to verify this previous report, and we wanted to visualize the microvessels of a rat heart using air as a contrast agent. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We made the Langendorff apparatus in a hutch of the Pohang Accelerator Laboratory. The images were obtained with a white beam and a monochromatic beam. The visual images were magnified using 3x and 20x optical microscope lenses, and the images were captured with a charge-coupled device camera. RESULTS: We could not duplicate the previously reported findings in which microvessels were visualized without the use of contrast agent. But with using air as a contrast agent, the microvasculature of rat hearts was clearly identified at a spatial resolution of 1.2 microm. Air being absorbed inside a capillary was also observed. Vessels under 10 microm diameter were unable to be visualized with using iodine as a contrast agent. CONCLUSION: Phase contrast imaging already allows spatial resolution of 1 microm, which is enough to inspect capillaries. We were able to obtain images of cardiac capillaries with using air as a contrast agent. Yet air has the fatal limitations in that it causes embolism and ischemia. A more suitable contrast agent or imaging method needs to be developed in order to study the microvessels of a beating heart.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Rats , Capillaries , Contrast Media , Embolism , Heart , Iodine , Ischemia , Microvessels , Synchrotrons
17.
The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 505-510, 2006.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-187959

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Small animal cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) model would be a valuable tool for investigating pathophysiological and therapeutic strategies on bypass. The main advantages of a small animal model include the reduced cost and time, and the fact that it does not require a full scale operating environment. However the rat CPB models have a number of technical limitations. Effective maintenance and control of core temperature by a heat exchanger is among them. The purpose of this study is to comfirm the effect of rectal temperature maintenance using a heat exchanger of cardioplegia system in cardiopulmonary bypass model for rats. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The miniature circuit consisted of a reservoir, heat exchanger, membrane oxygenator, roller pump, and static priming volume was 40 cc. Ten male Sprague-Dawley rats (mean weight 530 gram) were divided into two groups, and heat exchanger (HE) group was subjected to CPB with HE from a cardioplegia system, and control group was subjected to CPB with warm water circulating around the reservoir. Partial CPB was conducted at a flow rate of 40 mg/kg/min for 20 min after venous cannulation (via the internal juglar vein) and arterial cannulation (via the femoral artery). Rectal temperature were measured after anesthetic induction, after cannulation, 5, 10, 15, 20 min after CPB. Arterial blood gas with hematocrit was also analysed, 5 and 15 min after CPB. RESULT: Rectal temperature change differed between the two groups (p<0.01). The temperatures of HE group were well maintained during CPB, whereas control group was under progressive hypothermia. Rectal temperature 20 min after CPB was 36.16+/-0.32 degrees C in the HE group and 34.22+/-0.36 degrees C in the control group. CONCLUSION: We comfirmed the effect of rectal temperature maintenance using a heat exchanger of cardioplegia system in cardiopulmonary bypass model for rats. This model would be a valuable tool for further use in hypothermic CPB experiment in rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Rats , Cardiopulmonary Bypass , Catheterization , Heart Arrest, Induced , Hematocrit , Hot Temperature , Hypothermia , Models, Animal , Oxygenators, Membrane , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Water
18.
The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 317-319, 2006.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-87101

ABSTRACT

Under median sternotomy and left thoracotomy, extra-anatomic aorta bypass between ascending aorta and descending thoracic aorta without cardiopulmonary bypass support has been done effectively and easily without complications for a selected case of atypical coarctation associated with hypoplasia of aortic arch. It should be considered as an alternative operative technique for complex aortic arch reconstruction.


Subject(s)
Aorta , Aorta, Thoracic , Aortic Coarctation , Cardiopulmonary Bypass , Sternotomy , Thoracotomy , Transplants
19.
The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 779-781, 2006.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-9350

ABSTRACT

Left main coronary artery atresia is a very rare congenital coronary anomaly with blind end of left main trunk. The clinical symptoms as syncope, failure to thrive, and myocardial infarction are presented and surgical treatments are required in most cases. We report a case of a 14-months-old girl with left main coronary artery atresia and excellent surgical result of 1 year follow-up after coronary artery bypass with left internal thoracic artery.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Coronary Artery Bypass , Coronary Vessels , Failure to Thrive , Follow-Up Studies , Mammary Arteries , Myocardial Infarction , Syncope
20.
The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 900-905, 2006.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-53560

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Homografts and bioprostheses are most commonly used for Rastelli operation in congenital heart disease, but the limited durability is responsible for multiple reoperations associated with increased morbidity. This study evaluated long-term results after Rastelli operation with a mechanical valved conduit. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A total of 20 patients underwent Rastelli operation with mechanical valved conduit from January 1990 to July 1992. Operative mortality was 1 of 20 patients, and a retrospective review of 19 patients (10 males, 9 females) was done. Initial diagnosis was congenitally corrected transposition of great arteries (cc-TGA, n=4), complete TGA (n=2), ventricular septal defect with pulmonary atresia (VSD with PA, n=9), truncus arteriosus (n=2), double outlet right ventricle with pulmonary stenosis (DORV with PS, n=2). The mean age at Rastelli operation was 4.6+/-3.4 years, and mean follow-up period was 12.8+/-2.7 years. Patients underwent Rastelli opearation using 16 CarboMedics mechanical valve, and 3 Bjork-Shiley mechanical valve (17+/-2 mm). RESULT: There were 15 reoperations for failed mechanical valved conduit. The freedom from reoperation at 5 and 10 years was 53% and 37%. Most patients were received oral anticoagulation with warfarin, and maintained the international normalized ratio (INR) of 1.5 to 2.0. There was no anticoagulation or thromboembolism related complication. There was a significant difference in the causes of a conduit failure between early (within 3 years) and late (after 3 years) failure groups. The six patients reported early prosthetic valve failure, mainly due to valvular dysfunction by thrombosis or pannus formation. The other nine patients reported late prosthetic valve failure, mainly due to dacron conduit stenosis at anastomosis sites, whereas their valvar motion was normal except 1 patient. CONCLUSION: To avoid early prosthetic valve failure, strict anticoagulation therapy would be helpful. About the late development of obstructive intimal fibrocalcific peels within the Dacron conduit, an improvement of conduit material is necessary to reduce late prosthetic valve failure. In selected patients, the long term results were satisfactory.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Allografts , Bioprosthesis , Constriction, Pathologic , Diagnosis , Double Outlet Right Ventricle , Follow-Up Studies , Freedom , Heart Defects, Congenital , Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular , Heart Valve Prosthesis , International Normalized Ratio , Mortality , Polyethylene Terephthalates , Pulmonary Atresia , Pulmonary Valve , Pulmonary Valve Stenosis , Reoperation , Retrospective Studies , Thromboembolism , Thrombosis , Transposition of Great Vessels , Truncus Arteriosus , Warfarin
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