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1.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 336-344, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981693

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore pathogenesis of glucocortocoid-induced osteoporosis(GIOP) based on label-free mass proteomics.@*METHODS@#Twevle female Sprague-Dawley(SD) rats were randomly divided into two groups, named as sham group and GIOP group. After one-week adaptive feeding, the rats of GIOP group were administered with dexamethasone via intramuscular injection according to 2.5 mg/kg weighting, while the rats of sham group were administered with the same amount of saline, twice a week. The tibias of each group were collected after 8-week modeling and made pathological sections to confirm the success of modeling. Three samples of each group were picked up to perform label-free mass proteomics. After quality control, differentially expressed proteins were identified according to qualitative and quantitative analyses. Then gene ontology(GO) and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis, cluster analysis as well as protein-protein interaction analysis were performed using bioinformatics analysis.@*RESULTS@#Compared with sham group, the structure of bone trabecular in GIOP group showed abnormal arrangement, uneven distribution and obvious fragmentation, which could demonstrate successful modeling. A total of 47 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were identified including 20 up-regulated and 27 down-regulated proteins. The expression of protein nucleophosmin 1(NPM1), adipocyte plasma membrane associated protein (APMAP), cytochromec oxidase subunit 6A1 (COX6A1) and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (ACP5) showed a significant difference between two groups. KEGG results showed DEPs were enriched on metabolism-related pathways, immune-related pathways and AMP-activated kinase (AMPK) signaling pathway.@*CONCLUSION@#Protein NPM1, APMAP, COX6A1 and ACP5 showed a close relationship with pathogenesis of GIOP, which could serve as potential biomarkers of GIOP. AMPK signaling pathway played an important role in the occurrence and development of GIOP, which could be regarded as potential signaling pathway to treatment GIOP.


Subject(s)
Female , Rats , Animals , Glucocorticoids/adverse effects , AMP-Activated Protein Kinases , Proteomics , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Osteoporosis/genetics , Nuclear Proteins/adverse effects
2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 224-232, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906227

ABSTRACT

Zexietang is a Chinese herbal compound prescription with a long history, which consists of Rhizoma alismatis and Atractylodes macrocephala. Zexietang comes from "Synopsis of Golden Chamber", as "there is a drink under the heart, and its people are bitter and dizzy". Zexietang has the effect of removing water from drinking water and invigorating spleen for diuresis. Modern pharmacological studies have shown that its lipid-lowering and anti-inflammatory effects are very significant. It can be used to treat hyperlipidemia, anti-atherosclerosis and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. With the continuous development of molecular biology, the research on the pharmacological effects of Zexietang, extracts and their monomers has deepened to the molecular level gradually, and the relevant mechanism of action has also been continuously elucidated. In terms of lipid-lowering effect of Zexietang, the levels of cytokines or receptors such as 3-hydroxy-3-methyl glutaryl coenzyme A reductase (HMGCR), cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase (CYP7A1), and liver X receptors (LXR) are affected. It is widely involved in adenosine 5'-monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and peroxisome proliferators-activated receptors (PPAR) pathways, while Zexietang's anti-inflammatory effect mainly affects inflammatory factors such as interleukins (IL) and tumor necrosis factors (TNF), and simultaneously nuclear factor κB (NF-κB), toll-like receptors (TLR) and other cytokines or receptor-related pathways. In order to promote the further research and clinical application of Zexietang and contribute to the development of modernization of traditional Chinese medicine, the studies of the past 15 years on molecular mechanism of the lipid-lowering and anti-inflammatory effect of Zexietang, Alisma and Atractylodes extract as well as their monomer components were reviewed.

3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 524-531, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878080

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Reduced application of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is associated with higher mortality rates after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We aimed to evaluate potential factors contributing to the refusal of PCI in STEMI patients in China.@*METHODS@#We studied 957 patients diagnosed with STEMI in the emergency departments (EDs) of six public hospitals in China. The differences in baseline characteristics and 30-day outcome were investigated between patients who refused PCI and those who underwent PCI. Multivariable logistic regression was used to evaluate the potential factors associated with refusing PCI.@*RESULTS@#The potential factors contributing to refusing PCI were older than 65 years (odds ratio [OR] 2.66, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.56-4.52, P 12 h) (OR 3.31, 95% CI 1.83-6.02, P < 0.001) and not being hospitalized in a tertiary hospital (OR 0.45, 95% CI 0.27-0.75, P = 0.002). Compared to men, women were older, were less often married, had a lower BMI and were less often hospitalized in tertiary hospitals.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Patients who were older, had lower economic or social status, and had poorer health status were more likely to refuse PCI after STEMI. There was a sex difference in the potential predictors of refusing PCI. Targeted efforts should be made to improve the acceptance of PCI among patients with STEMI in China.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , China , Myocardial Infarction , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Risk Factors , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/surgery , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
4.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 526-534, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912274

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the therapeutic effect of rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) transfected with recombinant rat platelet-derived growth factor BB (rrPDGF-BB) gene on the distraction osteogenesis.Methods:From October, 2019 to June, 2020, 48 batches of BMSCs were cultured from 48 young SD rats, 24 of which were transfected with rrPDGF-BB gene by lentivirus. Meanwhile, other 72 male adult SD rats were randomly selected to establish the right femoral distraction osteogenesis model. The rats were equally divided into 3 groups. PBS, BMSCs without intervention and BMSCs transfected with rrPDGF-BB gene were injected into the distraction space of each group of rats assigned as Blank group, Negative group and Experimental group, respectively. Results of the experiment were evaluated by means of imaging and immunohistochemistry. P<0.05 indicated a statistically significant difference. Results:The cultured BMSCs grew well. The expression of CD34(0.1%) and CD45(2.8%) in the third generation of BMSCs was low, and that of CD29 (95.1%) was high, which was consistent with the phenotype of BMSCs described in literatures. After transfection, the expression of green fluorescence gradually increased with the extension of transfection time, confirming the success of transfection. After 14 days, all rats reached the expected distance of distraction. The rats were observed at assigned time points in 2, 4 and 8 weeks. The photos of femur specimen showed that continuous callus could be seen in the experimental group, the hardness and colour were close to the normal bone tissue, and the activity of the distraction space was poor, which was lower than that of the blank group. X-ray examination showed that there were more new callus in the experimental group, and the bone marrow cavity was re-canalized earlier than that of the blank group; Micro-CT examination, in sagittal plane, showed that the distraction space of the experimental group healed well, the broken end was connected, and the recanalization of bone marrow cavity was earlier than that of the blank group; Micro-CT parameters of each group showed that trabecular thickness[(0.297±0.005) mm], trabecular number [(1.663±0.032) mm], bone volume fraction[(59.832±2.187)%] and bone mineral density[(0.586±0.014) g/cm 3] of the experimental group were the greatest, while trabecular separation[(0.399±0.051) mm] of the experimental group was the smallest. There was statistical difference between each group( P < 0.05); HE staining and VEGF immunohistochemistry showed that the vessels and chondrocytes formed earlier and were more in the experimental group than that in the blank group. In 8 weeks, the new callus joined into one piece under the microscope in the experimental group, and the bone marrow cavity was re-canalized with a large number of red blood cells. Conclusion:Studies have shown that BMSCs transfected with rrPDGF-BB gene can promote the formation of callus in the distraction area of rats, shorten the mineralisation time of new callus, and promote the maturation of new bone in the area of distraction osteogenesis.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1400-1408, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887072

ABSTRACT

Qing-Fei-Pai-Du decoction (QFPDD) is a combination of traditional Chinese medicine and plays an important role in the treatment of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). This study investigated the inhibitory effect of QFPDD on coronavirus replication and antiviral mechanism. The cytotoxicity of QFPDD was determined by PrestoBlue cell viability assay. Quantitive reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) and immunofluorescence assay (IF) were used to detect the inhibitory effects of QFPDD on coronavirus at RNA and protein levels. qRT-PCR was used to detect the adsorption and penetration of coronavirus after QFPDD treatment. The effects of QFPDD on interferon (IFN) and interferon-stimulated genes (ISGs) were also detected by qRT-PCR. The results showed that QFPDD inhibited coronavirus at RNA and protein levels in a dose-dependent manner at non-toxic concentration, and QFPDD targeted in the early stages of coronavirus infection cycle. Preliminary mechanism studies have shown that QFPDD can directly block the virus entry into the cell by inhibiting virus adsorption, and QFPDD can also play an antiviral role by up-regulating the expression of IFN and ISGs. These results indicate QFPDD as a drug potential to treat coronavirus infection.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2850-2858, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888805

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection severely threatens global health and economic development. No effective antiviral drug is currently available to treat COVID-19 and any other human coronavirus infections. We report herein that a macrolide antibiotic, carrimycin, potently inhibited the cytopathic effects (CPE) and reduced the levels of viral protein and RNA in multiple cell types infected by human coronavirus 229E, OC43, and SARS-CoV-2. Time-of-addition and pseudotype virus infection studies indicated that carrimycin inhibited one or multiple post-entry replication events of human coronavirus infection. In support of this notion, metabolic labelling studies showed that carrimycin significantly inhibited the synthesis of viral RNA. Our studies thus strongly suggest that carrimycin is an antiviral agent against a broad-spectrum of human coronaviruses and its therapeutic efficacy to COVID-19 is currently under clinical investigation.

7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 956-960, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827179

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To Establish the shielding threshold value of TP antibody ELISA for unpaid blood donors, so as to shield true positive blood donors from returning to team management.@*METHODS@#The real serological status of 517 samples with anti-TP ELISA reactivity was determined by confirmation test of Treponema pallidum particle agglutination (TPPA). The shielding threshold of TP antibody was preliminarily determined by using 99% specificity of ROC and 95% positive predictive value of percentile method, respectively. 283 TP antibody reactivity specimens routinely tested in our laboratory were selected to determine the applicability of the initial shielding values obtained by the two methods, and finally to determine the shielding threshold values of TP antibody donors.@*RESULTS@#The specific S/CO values of reagent A 99% were 13.33-16.18, that of reagent B 99% was 6.34, that of reagent B 99% was 13.17-19.85, and that of 95% was 6.62. Empirical evidence: 99% specific threshold shielding true positive rates of reagents A and B were 100%, 95% positive expected value shielding true positive rates were 98.4%, 99%. Final determination of 99% specific shielding threshold as a low value of blood donors shielding threshold. The shielding limits of reagent A and B were 13.33 and 13.17.@*CONCLUSION@#The shielding threshold of TP antibody ELISA for blood donors established in this study can help to reduce the number of blood donors returning to team management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Donors , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Syphilis , Syphilis Serodiagnosis , Treponema pallidum
8.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 592-597, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-842516

ABSTRACT

Risk prediction models including the Prostate Health Index (phi) for prostate cancer have been well established and evaluated in the Western population. The aim of this study is to build phi-based risk calculators in a prostate biopsy population and evaluate their performance in predicting prostate cancer (PCa) and high-grade PCa (Gleason score ≥7) in the Chinese population. We developed risk calculators based on 635 men who underwent initial prostate biopsy. Then, we validated the performance of prostate-specific antigen (PSA), phi, and the risk calculators in an additional observational cohort of 1045 men. We observed that the phi-based risk calculators (risk calculators 2 and 4) outperformed the PSA-based risk calculator for predicting PCa and high-grade PCa in the training cohort. In the validation study, the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) for risk calculators 2 and 4 reached 0.91 and 0.92, respectively, for predicting PCa and high-grade PCa, respectively; the AUC values were better than those for risk calculator 1 (PSA-based model with an AUC of 0.81 and 0.82, respectively) (all P < 0.001). Such superiority was also observed in the stratified population with PSA ranging from 2.0 ng ml-1to 10.0 ng ml-1. Decision curves confirmed that a considerable proportion of unnecessary biopsies could be avoided while applying phi-based risk calculators. In this study, we showed that, compared to risk calculators without phi, phi-based risk calculators exhibited superior discrimination and calibration for PCa in the Chinese biopsy population. Applying these risk calculators also considerably reduced the number of unnecessary biopsies for PCa.

9.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 592-597, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009713

ABSTRACT

Risk prediction models including the Prostate Health Index (phi) for prostate cancer have been well established and evaluated in the Western population. The aim of this study is to build phi-based risk calculators in a prostate biopsy population and evaluate their performance in predicting prostate cancer (PCa) and high-grade PCa (Gleason score ≥7) in the Chinese population. We developed risk calculators based on 635 men who underwent initial prostate biopsy. Then, we validated the performance of prostate-specific antigen (PSA), phi, and the risk calculators in an additional observational cohort of 1045 men. We observed that the phi-based risk calculators (risk calculators 2 and 4) outperformed the PSA-based risk calculator for predicting PCa and high-grade PCa in the training cohort. In the validation study, the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) for risk calculators 2 and 4 reached 0.91 and 0.92, respectively, for predicting PCa and high-grade PCa, respectively; the AUC values were better than those for risk calculator 1 (PSA-based model with an AUC of 0.81 and 0.82, respectively) (all P < 0.001). Such superiority was also observed in the stratified population with PSA ranging from 2.0 ng ml-1to 10.0 ng ml-1. Decision curves confirmed that a considerable proportion of unnecessary biopsies could be avoided while applying phi-based risk calculators. In this study, we showed that, compared to risk calculators without phi, phi-based risk calculators exhibited superior discrimination and calibration for PCa in the Chinese biopsy population. Applying these risk calculators also considerably reduced the number of unnecessary biopsies for PCa.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Asian People/statistics & numerical data , Biopsy , China , Neoplasm Grading , Prostate/pathology , Prostate-Specific Antigen/blood , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Risk Assessment/methods
10.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1857-1859, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733376

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the CT features and pathology of pulmonary solitary fibrous tumor (SFT),to improve the diagnosis and differential diagnosis.Methods CT images and corresponding pathological results of 14 cases with pulmonary SFT were analyzed retrospectively. Results Among the 14 cases,6 were in the right lung and other 8 were in the left.The maximum diameters of tumors were ranged from 2.5 cm to 20.0 cm,and 6 cases were over 10.0 cm.All 14 cases represented as irregular solid nodule or mass,4 as unclear boundary and 1 as lobulation.Most of the cases showed heterogeneous and progressive enhancement.The light microscopy showed that tumor tissues were mainly composed of collagen fibers and spindle cells with different proliferation degrees,and 3 cases showed atypia cells.There were abundant blood vessels in the intercellular substance.Immunohistochemistry were done in 13 cases,presenting Bcl-2,CD99 and Vimentin positive expressions in all cases and CD34 expression in 9.Conclusion The CT features of pulmonary SFT are related to pathological features.CT scan is important in the localization and qualitative diagnosis of pulmonary SFT,and obvious inhomogeneous map-like and progressive enhancement should be considered for the diagnosis of SFT.

11.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 324-329, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-842631

ABSTRACT

This study was performed to evaluate prostate-specific antigen-age volume (PSA-AV) scores in predicting prostate cancer (PCa) in a Chinese biopsy population. A total of 2355 men who underwent initial prostate biopsy from January 2006 to November 2015 in Huashan Hospital were recruited in the current study. The PSA-AV scores were calculated and assessed together with PSA and PSA density (PSAD) retrospectively. Among 2133 patients included in the analysis, 947 (44.4%) were diagnosed with PCa. The mean age, PSA, and positive rates of digital rectal examination result and transrectal ultrasound result were statistically higher in men diagnosed with PCa (all P < 0.05). The values of area under the receiver operating characteristic curves (AUCs) of PSAD and PSA-AV were 0.864 and 0.851, respectively, in predicting PCa in the entire population, both performed better than PSA (AUC = 0.805; P < 0.05). The superiority of PSAD and PSA-AV was more obvious in subgroup with PSA ranging from 2.0 ng ml-1 to 20.0 ng ml-1. A PSA-AV score of 400 had a sensitivity and specificity of 93.7% and 40.0%, respectively. In conclusion, the PSA-AV score performed equally with PSAD and was better than PSA in predicting PCa. This indicated that PSA-AV score could be a useful tool for predicting PCa in Chinese population.

12.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 324-329, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009580

ABSTRACT

This study was performed to evaluate prostate-specific antigen-age volume (PSA-AV) scores in predicting prostate cancer (PCa) in a Chinese biopsy population. A total of 2355 men who underwent initial prostate biopsy from January 2006 to November 2015 in Huashan Hospital were recruited in the current study. The PSA-AV scores were calculated and assessed together with PSA and PSA density (PSAD) retrospectively. Among 2133 patients included in the analysis, 947 (44.4%) were diagnosed with PCa. The mean age, PSA, and positive rates of digital rectal examination result and transrectal ultrasound result were statistically higher in men diagnosed with PCa (all P < 0.05). The values of area under the receiver operating characteristic curves (AUCs) of PSAD and PSA-AV were 0.864 and 0.851, respectively, in predicting PCa in the entire population, both performed better than PSA (AUC = 0.805; P < 0.05). The superiority of PSAD and PSA-AV was more obvious in subgroup with PSA ranging from 2.0 ng ml-1 to 20.0 ng ml-1. A PSA-AV score of 400 had a sensitivity and specificity of 93.7% and 40.0%, respectively. In conclusion, the PSA-AV score performed equally with PSAD and was better than PSA in predicting PCa. This indicated that PSA-AV score could be a useful tool for predicting PCa in Chinese population.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Male , Aging/pathology , Area Under Curve , Asian People , Digital Rectal Examination , Image-Guided Biopsy , Predictive Value of Tests , Prostate-Specific Antigen/blood , Prostatic Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , ROC Curve , Reference Values , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Ultrasonography, Interventional
13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 905-910, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689555

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the accuracy and precision of 2 kinds of anti-treponema pallidum (anti-TP) ELISA reagents in our laboratory for detecting the anti-TP in voluntary blood donors, so as to provide the data support for use of ELISA reagents after introduction of chemiluminescene immunoassay (CLIA).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The route detection of anti-TP was performed by using 2 kinds of ELISA reagents, then 546 responsive positive samples detected by anti-TP ELISA were collected, and the infections status of samples confirmed by treponema pallidum particle agglutination (TPPA) test was identified. The confirmed results of responsive samples detected by 2 kinds of anti-TP ELISA reagents were compared, the accuracy of 2 kinds of anti-TP ELISA reagents was analyzed by drawing ROC and comparing area under curve (AUC), and precision of 2 kinds of anti-TP ELISA reagents was compared by statistical analysis of quality control data from 7.1 2016 to 6.30 2017.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were no statistical difference in confirmed positive rate of responsive samples and weak positive samples between 2 kinds of anti-TP ELISA reagents. The responsive samples detected by 2 kinds of anti-TP ELISA reagents accounted for 85.53%(467/546) of all responsive samples, the positive rate confirmed by TPPA test was 82.87%. 44 responsive samples detected by anti-TP ELISA reagent A and 35 responsive samples detected by anti-TP ELISA reagent B were confirmed to be negative by TPPA test. Comparison of AUC showed that the accuracy of 2 kinds of anti-TP ELISA reagents was more high, the difference between 2 reagents was not statistically significant. The coefficient of variation (CV) of anti-TP ELISA reagent A and B was 14.98% and 18.04% respectively, which met the precision requirement of ELISA test.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The accuracy and precision of 2 kinds of anti-TP ELISA reagents used in our laboratory are similar, and using any one of anti-TP ELISA reagents all can satisfy the requirements of blood screening.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Donors , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Syphilis Serodiagnosis , Treponema pallidum
14.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 925-929, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-842821

ABSTRACT

The performances of the Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial (PCPT) risk calculator and other risk calculators for prostate cancer (PCa) prediction in Chinese populations were poorly understood. We performed this study to build risk calculators (Huashan risk calculators) based on Chinese population and validated the performance of prostate-specific antigen (PSA), PCPT risk calculator, and Huashan risk calculators in a validation cohort. We built Huashan risk calculators based on data from 1059 men who underwent initial prostate biopsy from January 2006 to December 2010 in a training cohort. Then, we validated the performance of PSA, PCPT risk calculator, and Huashan risk calculators in an observational validation study from January 2011 to December 2014. All necessary clinical information were collected before the biopsy. The results showed that Huashan risk calculators 1 and 2 outperformed the PCPT risk calculator for predicting PCa in both entire training cohort and stratified population (with PSA from 2.0 ng ml-1 to 20.0 ng m). In the validation study, Huashan risk calculator 1 still outperformed the PCPT risk calculator in the entire validation cohort (0.849 vs 0.779 in area under the receiver operating characteristic curve [AUC] and stratified population. A considerable reduction of unnecessary biopsies (approximately 30%) was also observed when the Huashan risk calculators were used. Thus, we believe that the Huashan risk calculators (especially Huashan risk calculator 1) may have added value for predicting PCa in Chinese population.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 284-294, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-329723

ABSTRACT

Human enterovirus 71 (EV71) is the main causative pathogen of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) in children. The epidemic of HFMD has been a public health problem in Asia-Pacific region for decades, and no vaccine and effective antiviral medicine are available. Curcumin has been used as a traditional medicine for centuries to treat a diversity of disorders including viral infections. In this study, we demonstrated that curcumin showed potent antiviral effect again EV71. In Vero cells infected with EV71, the addition of curcumin significantly suppressed the synthesis of viral RNA, the expression of viral protein, and the overall production of viral progeny. Similar with the previous reports, curcumin reduced the production of ROS induced by viral infection. However, the antioxidant property of curcumin did not contribute to its antiviral activity, since N-acetyl-l-cysteine, the potent antioxidant failed to suppress viral replication. This study also showed that extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) was activated by either viral infection or curcumin treatment, but the activated ERK did not interfere with the antiviral effect of curcumin, indicating ERK is not involved in the antiviral mechanism of curcumin. Unlike the previous reports that curcumin inhibited protein degradation through ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS), we found that curcumin had no impact on UPS in control cells. However, curcumin did reduce the activity of proteasomes which was increased by viral infection. In addition, the accumulation of the short-lived proteins, p53 and p21, was increased by the treatment of curcumin in EV71-infected cells. We further probed the antiviral mechanism of curcumin by examining the expression of GBF1 and PI4KB, both of which are required for the formation of viral replication complex. We found that curcumin significantly reduced the level of both proteins. Moreover, the decreased expression of either GBF1 or PI4KB by the application of siRNAs was sufficient to suppress viral replication. We also demonstrated that curcumin showed anti-apoptotic activity at the early stage of viral infection. The results of this study provide solid evidence that curcumin has potent anti-EV71 activity. Whether or not the down-regulated GBF1 and PI4KB by curcumin contribute to its antiviral effect needs further studies.

16.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 609-615, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-313993

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of Fuzhenghuayu compound (FZHc) on expression of nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) in hepatocytes under conditions of hepatic fibrosis using a mouse model.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Mice were randomly assigned to a control group and a hepatic fibrosis model group. The control group was further divided into three subgroups for use as normal controls (A1), mineral oil-treated controls (A2), and FZHc-treated controls (A3); the hepatic fibrosis model group was administered carbon tetrachloride (CC14 dissolved in mineral oil and injected intraperitoneally) and further divided into four subgroups for use as 6-weeks models (B1), 10-weeks models (B2), low-dose (L)-FZHc models (C1), and high-dose (H)-FZHc models (C2). The FZHc (capsule powder diluted with double-distilled water to 0.1 g/mL) was administered via gastric perfusion to groups A3, C1, and C2 starting at week 7 of the experiment. At the end of week 6 and 10, hepatic specimens were collected and evaluated for degree of hepatic fibrosis and inflammation using routine haematoxylin-eosin staining and Masson staining. Immunohistochemical analysis was performed to measure the hepatocyte expression of Nrf2, NAD(P)H quinine oxidoreductase 1 (Nqol), a-smooth muscle actin (a-SMA) and fibronectin (FN). Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR was used to measure Nrf2 mRNA expression. Western blotting was used to detect Nrf2 and Nqol total protein expression and Nrf2 nuclear translocation. F test, LSD test and ridit test were used for statistical analyses.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the B2 group (ridit value: 0.09), the model groups treated with FZHc showed significantly lower degrees of hepatic inflammation and fibrosis for both the low (C1 group, ridit value: 0.32) and high doses (C2 group, ridit value: 0.40) (F =82.927, P less than 0.05). In addition, compared with the B2 group, the model groups treated with FZHc showed significantly decreased expression of a-SMA and FN proteins, with a dose-dependent trend (by immunohistochemistry: C 1 group at the end of 10 weeks, F =77.421, 118.262, P less than 0.05; C2 group, P =0.002, 0.013) and significantly increased expression of Nrf2 and Nqol proteins (by immunohistochemistry:C1 and C2 groups at the end of 10 weeks, F =182.537, 75.615, P less than 0.05 and by westen blotting: F =45.664, 127.673, P less than 0.05), which also showed a dose-dependent trend (C2 group, P =0.000, 0.014; 0.005, 0.014). Western blotting also indicated that the amount of nuclear transported Nrf2 was higher in the C1 and C2 groups at the end of 10 weeks (vs. B2 group, F =94.787, P less than 0.05), and the amount of nuclear transported Nrf2 was significantly higher in the C2 group (vs. C1 group, P =0.044). Nrf2 mRNA expression was significantly higher in the C1 group than in the B2 group (F =3230.105, P less than 0.05), and the C2 group had more substantially increased expression (P =0.001); there was no statistical difference found between groups B1 and B2 (P =0.094).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Fuzhenghuayu compound increased the expression of Nrf2 mRNA and protein under conditions of hepatic fibrosis in mice and stimulated Nrf2 nuclear transport, as well as increased expression of the Nrf2 target gene Nqol that is known to suppress activation of hepatic stellate cells and decrease the deposition of FN. Therefore, Fuzhenghuayu compound may ameliorate hepatocyte injury in hepatic fibrosis in mice by exerting an antihepatic fibrosis effect.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Mice , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Hepatocytes , Metabolism , Liver Cirrhosis, Experimental , Metabolism , Mice, Inbred Strains , NAD(P)H Dehydrogenase (Quinone) , Metabolism , NF-E2-Related Factor 2 , Metabolism
17.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 523-529, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-252595

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of sub-micro emulsion composition on cellular uptake and disposition of incorporated lipophilic drug.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sub-micro emulsions containing 10 % oil, 1.2 % lecithin and 2.25 % glycerol were prepared, and the fluorescent agent coumarin 6 was used as a model drug. The effects of oil types, co-surfactants and cationic lipid on uptake and elimination kinetics of 6-coumarin in HeLa cells were studied. The uptake mechanism of sub-micro emulsions was further investigated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Oil type and Tweens had no influence on the cellular uptake. Modifications of surfactants with Span series increased the cellular influx, among which Span 20 with hydrophilic-lipophilic balance (HLB) value of 8.6 was the best enhancer. The intracellular drug level reached up to (46.09 ± 1.98)ng/μg protein which had significant difference with control group [(38.54 ± 0.34)ng/μg protein]. The positively charged emulsions significantly increased the uptake rate constant and elimination rate constant which were 4 times and 1.5 times of those in anionic groups, respectively. The uptake enhancement was also observed in cationic emulsions, cellular concentrations at plateau were (42.73 ± 0.84)ng/μg protein, which was about 3 times of that in anionic emulsions [(15.71 ± 0.74)ng/μg protein], when extracellular drug concentration kept at 100 ng/ml. Cationic emulsions delivered the payload mainly by direct drug transfer to contacted cells, while the negative ones depended on both drug passive diffusion and clathrin-mediated endocytosis of drug containing oil droplets which accounted for 20% of the intracellular drug.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Interfacial characteristic of sub-micro emulsions such as co-surfactants HLB as well as zeta potentials can influence lipophilic drug both in cellular uptake and elimination.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Anions , Cations , Coumarins , Pharmacokinetics , Emulsions , Endocytosis , HeLa Cells , Surface-Active Agents , Pharmacokinetics , Thiazoles , Pharmacokinetics
18.
Chinese Archives of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery ; (12)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-527352

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To culture dendritic cells from the peripheral blood ofpatients with laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma. METHODS Peripheral blood was collected from patients under sterile conditions. The mononuclear cells were separated by centrifugation through a density gradient (Ficoll-Hypaque). The adhesion cells, collected from the mononuclear cells, were cultured with interleukin-4 (IL-4, 100ng),granulocyte/macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF, 100ng) and tumor necrosis factor ? (TNF-?, 100ng) in RPMI 1640 medium for 7 days. The cell morphology was observed under electronic microscope, and the characteristic surface marker CD80 of the cells was analyzed by flow cytometry. MTT colorimetry was employed to assess the proliferation of the mixed lymphocytes. The mixed lymphocytes were stimulated by DC loaded with laryngeal carcinoma antigen. RESULTS A large quantity of cells characteristic of dendritic cell was obtained. Cytometry analysis showed that 33.76 % of mononuclear cells expressed the characteristic marker CD80. After being cultured for 7 days, the expression level of CD80 was significantly increased (69.15 %). Few DC with laryngeal carcinoma antigen could play a role in stimulating lymphocyte proliferation, and the proliferation effect was optimized when the ratio between DC and T cells was 1:5. CONCLUSION A large number of DCs with high purityand sufficient treatment dose can be cultured in vitro from the peripheral blood of patients with laryngeal carcinoma. This technique may play an important role in experimental studies for clinical applications.

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