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1.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 162-170, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-193487

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: An incomplete virological response has been observed to tenofovir dipivoxil fumarate (TDF) in nucleos(t)ide analogue (NA)-experienced chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients. This study investigated the efficacy of TDF in NA-naïve CHB patients 96 weeks after treatment. METHODS: CHB patients treated with TDF were enrolled retrospectively between November 2012 and January 2016. We assessed virological and biochemical parameters. RESULTS: The study enrolled 179 NA-naïve patients with a median follow-up duration of 59.6 weeks. The serum hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA level decreased significantly during treatment. The complete virological response (CVR) rate was 83.21% at week 96. In univariate analyses, the predictors of a CVR at 96 weeks were the baseline HBV DNA level (CVR vs. no-CVR, HBV DNA log10 mean value 7.34 vs. 7.86, 95% confidential interval [CI]: -7.89 to -7.37; p < 0.001) and male sex (CVR vs. no-CVR, 49.1% vs. 81.3%, odds ratio [OR] 0.22, 95% CI: 0.06 to 0.87; p = 0.025). In the multivariate analysis, male sex predicted a CVR at week 96. The CVR was significantly lower in males than in females (OR 0.12, 95% CI: 0.02 to 0.96; p = 0.046). CONCLUSIONS: TDF was effective for treating CHB for more than 2 years in NA-naïve patients.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , DNA , Follow-Up Studies , Hepatitis B , Hepatitis B virus , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Hepatitis, Chronic , Multivariate Analysis , Odds Ratio , Retrospective Studies , Tenofovir
2.
Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing ; : 202-209, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-222624

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This paper examined the relationship between knowledge differences of maternal oral health and of relevant demographic variables. METHODS: Participants included 239 pregnant women who were recruited from Women's Hospital located in B city who agreed to participate in this study. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation analysis using the SPSS 21.0 program. RESULTS: Maternal knowledge of oral health was moderate level (10.22±2.36). Scores of maternal knowledge of oral health were different according to age, education, occupation, parity, and dental care experience in pregnancy. Level of oral healthcare knowledge was weakly related to age and education. CONCLUSION: Consequently, it is necessary to encourage pregnant women to take part in oral health education program during antenatal care.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Delivery of Health Care , Dental Care , Education , Occupations , Oral Health , Parity , Pregnant Women
3.
Gut and Liver ; : 412-419, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-155141

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) have shown beneficial effects in experimental colitis models, but the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. We investigated the long-term effects of BM-MSCs, particularly in mice with chronic colitis. METHODS: Chronic colitis was induced by administering 3% dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) in a series of three cycles. BM-MSCs were injected intravenously into DSS-treated mice three times during the first cycle. On day 33, the therapeutic effects were evaluated with clinicopathologic profiles and histological scoring. Inflammatory mediators were measured with real-time polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: Systemic infusion of BM-MSCs ameliorated the severity of colitis, and body weight restoration was significantly promoted in the BM-MSC-treated mice. In addition, BM-MSC treatment showed a sustained beneficial effect throughout the three cycles. Microscopic examination revealed that the mice treated with BM-MSCs had fewer inflammatory infiltrates, a lesser extent of inflammation, and less crypt structure damage compared with mice with DSS-induced colitis. Anti-inflammatory cytokine levels of interleukin-10 were significantly increased in the inflamed colons of BM-MSC-treated mice compared with DSS-induced colitis mice. CONCLUSIONS: Systemic infusion of BM-MSCs at the onset of disease exerted preventive and rapid recovery effects, with long-term immunosuppressive action in mice with repeated DSS-induced chronic colitis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Body Weight , Bone Marrow , Colitis , Colon , Dextran Sulfate , Dextrans , Inflammation , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Interleukin-10 , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
4.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 245-252, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-81478

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) is a life-threatening condition, despite advances in diagnostic technology and strategies for treatment. A strong predictor of mortality in this condition is septic shock. This study describes clinical, biochemical, and radiologic features in patients with PLA with or without septic shock, with the intent of describing risk factors for septic shock. METHODS: Of 358 patients with PLA enrolled, 30 suffered septic shock and the remaining 328 did not. We reviewed the medical records including etiologies, underlying diseases, laboratory, radiologic and microbiologic findings, methods of treatment and treatment outcomes. RESULTS: The case fatality rate was 6.1%. In univariate analysis, the presence of general weakness, mental change, low platelet level, prolonged PT, high BUN level, high creatinine level, low albumin level, high AST level, high CRP level, abscess size >6 cm, the presence of gas-forming abscess, APACHE II score ≥20, and the presence of Klebsiella pneumoniae infection were significantly associated with septic shock. Multivariate analysis showed the presence of mental change (p=0.004), gas-forming abscess (p=0.012), and K. pneumoniae infection (p=0.027) were independent predictors for septic shock. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of mental change, gas-forming abscess, and K. pneumoniae infection were independent predictors for septic shock in patients with PLA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Abscess , APACHE , Blood Platelets , Creatinine , Klebsiella pneumoniae , Liver Abscess, Pyogenic , Medical Records , Mortality , Multivariate Analysis , Pneumonia , Risk Factors , Shock, Septic
5.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 598-601, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-152297

ABSTRACT

Bone marrow examination is useful in the diagnosis and staging of hematologic disease. This procedure is generally considered safe; however, there are several adverse events associated with bone marrow biopsy. The most frequent and serious adverse event is hemorrhage. Risk factors include coagulopathy, myeloproliferative disorders, and anticoagulant or antiplatelet medications. Most hemorrhage is local hematoma; however, infrequently retroperitoneal hemorrhage occurs. In the case of massive hemorrhage, operation or angiographic embolization may be required. We report on a case of retroperitoneal hemorrhage after bone marrow aspiration and biopsy in an essential thrombocythemia patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biopsy , Bone Marrow Examination , Bone Marrow , Diagnosis , Hematologic Diseases , Hematoma , Hemorrhage , Methods , Myeloproliferative Disorders , Risk Factors , Thrombocythemia, Essential
6.
The Ewha Medical Journal ; : 46-49, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-57297

ABSTRACT

Ovarian cancer is generally primary cancer and less frequently originates from metastasis from non-gynecological cancer. Ovarian metastasis from lung cancer represents only 2~4% of all ovarian metastatic cancers. We report a case of ovarian metastasis of non-small cell lung cancer with epidermal growth factor receptor mutation. The patient underwent cytoreductive surgery for the ovarian mass and erlotinib therapy for the metastatic lung cancer. Erlotinib therapy markedly decreased the size of lung mass.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Lung , Lung Neoplasms , Neoplasm Metastasis , Ovarian Neoplasms , ErbB Receptors , Erlotinib Hydrochloride
7.
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases ; : 82-85, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-217172

ABSTRACT

A 62-year-old man with a chronic cough presented with atelectasis of the left upper lobe on chest X-ray. Chest computed tomography showed an atelectasis in the left upper lobe with bronchial wall thickening, stenosis, dilatation, and mucoid impaction. We performed bronchoscopy and found a well-circumscribed mass on the left upper lobe bronchus. The mass was removed by flexible bronchoscopy using an electrosurgical snare and diagnosed with lipoma. An endobronchial lipoma is a rare benign tumor that can be treated by a surgical or endoscopic approach. We report the successful removal of endobronchial lipoma via flexible bronchoscopic electrosurgical snare.


Subject(s)
Bronchi , Bronchoscopy , Constriction, Pathologic , Cough , Dilatation , Electrocoagulation , Lipoma , Pulmonary Atelectasis , SNARE Proteins , Thorax
8.
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases ; : 79-82, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-77367

ABSTRACT

A 39-year-old woman presented with symptoms of dyspnea. Ten years previously, she had received a tracheostomy because of the decision to not continue taking an anticonvulsant drug. Presently, chest computed tomography showed diffuse stenosis and focal web at the cervical trachea. We performed bronchoscopy and found a two-thirds reduction of the upper trachea due to the web-like fibrotic stenosis. Papillotome electrocautery removed the stenotic lesion. Endobronchial electrocautery is a valuable tool with potential for therapy of an endobronchial obstructing airway lesion. We report this case to introduce the successful treatment with papillotome electrocautery.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Bronchoscopy , Constriction, Pathologic , Dyspnea , Electrocoagulation , Thorax , Trachea , Tracheal Stenosis , Tracheostomy
9.
Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research ; : 30-35, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-141241

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are transcriptional factors activated by ligands of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily. The activation of PPARgamma regulates inflammation by downregulating the production of Th2 type cytokines and eosinophil function. In addition, a range of natural substances, including arachidonate pathway metabolites such as 15-hydroxyeicosatetranoic acid (15-HETE), strongly promote PPARG expression. Therefore, genetic variants of the PPARG gene may be associated with the development of aspirin-intolerant asthma (AIA). We investigated the relationship between single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of the PPARG gene and AIA. METHODS: Based on the results of an oral aspirin challenge, asthmatics (n=403) were categorized into two groups: those with a decrease in FEV1 of 15% or greater (AIA) or less than 15% (aspirin-tolerant asthma, ATA). We genotyped two single nucleotide polymorphisms in the PPARG gene from Korean asthmatics and normal controls (n=449): +34C>G (Pro12Ala) and +82466C>T (His449His). RESULTS: Logistic regression analysis showed that +82466C>T and haplotype 1 (CC) were associated with the development of aspirin hypersensitivity in asthmatics (P=0.04). The frequency of the rare allele of +82466C>T was significantly higher in AIA patients than in ATA patients in the recessive model [P=0.04, OR=3.97 (1.08-14.53)]. In addition, the frequency of PPARG haplotype 1 was significantly lower in AIA patients than in ATA patients in the dominant model (OR=0.25, P=0.04). CONCLUSIONS: The +82466C>T polymorphism and haplotype 1 of the PPARG gene may be linked to increased risk for aspirin hypersensitivity in asthma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alleles , Aspirin , Asthma , Cytokines , Eosinophils , Haplotypes , Hypersensitivity , Inflammation , Ligands , Logistic Models , Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors , Peroxisomes , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , PPAR gamma
10.
Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research ; : 30-35, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-141240

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are transcriptional factors activated by ligands of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily. The activation of PPARgamma regulates inflammation by downregulating the production of Th2 type cytokines and eosinophil function. In addition, a range of natural substances, including arachidonate pathway metabolites such as 15-hydroxyeicosatetranoic acid (15-HETE), strongly promote PPARG expression. Therefore, genetic variants of the PPARG gene may be associated with the development of aspirin-intolerant asthma (AIA). We investigated the relationship between single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of the PPARG gene and AIA. METHODS: Based on the results of an oral aspirin challenge, asthmatics (n=403) were categorized into two groups: those with a decrease in FEV1 of 15% or greater (AIA) or less than 15% (aspirin-tolerant asthma, ATA). We genotyped two single nucleotide polymorphisms in the PPARG gene from Korean asthmatics and normal controls (n=449): +34C>G (Pro12Ala) and +82466C>T (His449His). RESULTS: Logistic regression analysis showed that +82466C>T and haplotype 1 (CC) were associated with the development of aspirin hypersensitivity in asthmatics (P=0.04). The frequency of the rare allele of +82466C>T was significantly higher in AIA patients than in ATA patients in the recessive model [P=0.04, OR=3.97 (1.08-14.53)]. In addition, the frequency of PPARG haplotype 1 was significantly lower in AIA patients than in ATA patients in the dominant model (OR=0.25, P=0.04). CONCLUSIONS: The +82466C>T polymorphism and haplotype 1 of the PPARG gene may be linked to increased risk for aspirin hypersensitivity in asthma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alleles , Aspirin , Asthma , Cytokines , Eosinophils , Haplotypes , Hypersensitivity , Inflammation , Ligands , Logistic Models , Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors , Peroxisomes , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , PPAR gamma
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