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1.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 368-373, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869655

ABSTRACT

Objective:The clinical efficacy, safety and quality of life in female patients with stress urinary incontinence (SUI)treated by midurethral sling were studied by multicenter retrospective study.Methods:From January 2018 to December 2018, 531 female patients with severe stress urinary incontinence from seven domestic urinary center were included in this study, including 78 cases from General Hospital of Central Theater Command, 122 cases from Shanghai Jiao tong University School of Medicine Affiliated Ren Ji Hospital, 67 cases from Shanghai Jiaotong University Affiliated First People’s Hospital, 68 cases from People’s Hospital of Jiangsu Province, 71 cases from The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University, 65 cases from Zhejiang Provincial People’s hospital, 60 cases from Xiamen University First Affiliated Hospital. Among the 531 patients, 214 cases received TVT sling with an average age of (58.14±10.16) years. 181 cases were in postmenopausal(84.6%). The number of births ≥2 times was 89 (41.6%) cases. The score of ICI-Q-SF was 16.00±1.73. There were 166 cases of moderate incontinence (77.6%) and 48 cases of severe incontinence (22.4%). There were 317 patients in the TOT/TVT-O group with an average age of (58.33±10.25) years. 247 cases were in postmenopausal(77.9%). The number of births ≥2 times was 120 (37.8%) cases. The score of ICI-Q-SF was 15.79±1.75. There were 256 cases of moderate incontinence (80.8%) and 61 cases of severe incontinence (19.2%). There was no statistically significant difference in general data parameters between the two groups ( P>0.05). 1, 6, 12 months after the operation, the two groups of patients incontinence questionnaire Summary(ICI-Q-SF), common complications and Patient Global Impression of Improvement(PGI-I), satisfaction evaluation follow-up. ICI-Q-SF score improved > by 50% (cure + significant improvement) and 1-hour pad test <10 g (qualitative index) were used as the evaluation index of surgical success. Result:Both of the two surgical methods have high successive rate. There was no significant difference between 94.9% (203/214) of the TVT group and 93.7% (297/317) of the TOT/ TVT-O group ( P>0.05). Postoperative improvement of urinary incontinence (cure rate) [88.3% (189/214)]in the TVT group was slightly higher than that in the TOT/ TVT-O group [77.0% (244/317)] ( P<0.05). There was no change in the recurrence rate of urinary incontinence in the follow-up 6 and 12 months after the operation. There was no statistically significant difference between 4.4% (9/203) in the TVT group and 5.4% (16/297) in the TOT/TVT-O group ( P>0.05). The subjective cure rate 12 months after the operation was 96.3% (206/214) in the TVT group and 95.9% (304/317) in the TOT/TVT-O group ( P>0.05). 10 patients occurred bladder perforation occurred in the TVT group, and no bladder perforation occurred in the TOT/TVT-O group ( P<0.001). The incidence of pain and discomfort in the TVT group was significantly lower at 1.9% than that in the TOT/TVT-O group at 6.9% ( P<0.01). There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in the incidence of complications such as dysuria/urinary retention, frequent urination/urgency incontinence. Both of them exposed sling ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Both TVT and TOT/TVT-O sling can effectively treat female stress urinary incontinence, and both can improve the sexual satisfaction of patients after the surgery, with fewer complications and other advantages. The selection of specific surgical methods in clinical practice can be individualized according to the patient's physical conditions, clinical needs and the operation methods familiar to doctors.

2.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 131-137, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869610

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical value of holographic image navigation in urological laparoscopic and robotic surgery.Methods The data of patients were reviewed retrospectively for whom accepted holographic image navigation laparoscopic and robotic surgery from Jan.2019 to Dec.2019 in Beijing United Family Hospital and other 18 medical centers,including 78 cases of renal tumor,2 cases of bladder cancer,2 cases of adrenal gland tumor,1 cases of renal cyst,1 case of prostate cancer,1 case of sweat gland carcinoma with lymph node metastasis,1 case of pelvic metastasis after radical cystectomy.All the patients underwent operations.In the laparoscopic surgery group,there were 27 cases of partial nephrectomy,1 case of radical prostatectomy,2 cases of radical cystectomy and 2 cases of adrenalectomy.In the da Vinci robotic surgery group of 54 cases,there were 51 cases of partial nephrectomy,1 case of retroperitoneal lymph node dissection,1 case of retroperitoneal bilateral renal cyst deroofing and 1 case of resection of pelvic metastasis.There were 41 partial nephrectomy patients with available clinical data for statistic,with a median age of 53.5 years (range 24-76),including 26 males and 15 females.The median R.E.N.A.L score was 7.8 (range 4-11).Before the operation,the engineers established the holographic image based on the contrast CT images and reports.The surgeon applied the holographic image for preoperative planning.During the operation,the navigation was achieved by real time fusing holographic images with the laparoscopic surgery images in the screen.Results All the procedures had been complete uneventfully.The holographic images helped surgeon in understanding the visual three-dimension structure and relation of vessels supplying tumor or resection tissue,lymph nodes and nerves.By manipulating the holographic images extracorporeally,the fused image guide surgeons about location vessel,lymph node and other important structure and then facilitate the delicate dissection.For the 41 cases with available clinical data including 23 cases of robotic-assisted partial nephrectomy and 18 cases of laparoscopic nephrectomy,the median operation time was 140 (range 50-225) min,the median warm ischemia time was 23 (range 14-60) min,the median blood loss was 80(range 5-1 200) ml.In the robotic surgery group,the median operation time was 140 (range 50-215)min,the median warm i schemia time was 21 (range 17-40)min,the median blood loss was 150(range 30-1 200)ml.In the laparoscopic surgery group,the median operation time was 160(range 80-225)min,the median warm ischemia time was 25 (range 14-60)min,the median blood loss was 50 (range 5-1 200) ml.All the patients had no adjacent organ injury during operation.There were 2 cases with Clavien Ⅱ complications.One required transfusion and the other one suffered hematoma post-operation.However,the tumors were located in the renal hilus for these 2 cases and the R.E.N.A.L scores were both 11.Conclusions Holographic image navigation can help location and recognize important anatomic structures during the surgical procedures..This technique will reduce the tissue injury,decrease the complications and improve the success rate of surgery.

3.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 1951-1954,1958, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697863

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the suppression effect of secreting-trail adenovirus on the prostate cancer PC-3 cells in the tumor bearing mice. Methods Apoptosis of PC-3 cells was measured by DAPI staining in vitro . Invasion of PC-3 cells was measured by transwell chamber assay. The tumor bearing mice were prepared and used to test the inhibition rates in different groups. The protein expression of TRAIL in different groups tumor bearing mice was determined by immunohistochemistry. The variation of cell apoptosis in different groups of tumor bearing mice was detected by TUNEL assay. Results DAPI staining showed that the apoptosis level in Ad-sTRAIL group was significantly higher than that in the control group and that in the Ad-LacZ group ,respectively. The number of PC-3 cells invading the inferior chamber in the Ad-sTRAIL group(24.8 ± 3.70) was significantly decreased compared with that in the control group(47.6 ± 4.28,q=10.68,P<0.01)and that in the Ad-LacZ group (49.6 ± 4.39,q=11.61,P<0.01). Growth inhibition assays in vivo showed the inhibition rate of Ad-sTRAIL was 3 d 8.15%,6 d 11.55%,9 d 17.23%,12 d 20.05%,15 d 27.18%,18 d 34.27%,and 21 d 33.08%,respective-ly. Immunohistochemistry results showed that the expression level of TRAIL in tumors of Ad-sTRAIL group tumor-bearing mice was significantly higher than that in the control group and that in the Ad-LacZ group. TUNEL assay showed that the apoptosis level of tumor bearing mice tumor cells in the Ad-sTRAIL group was significantly higher than that in the control group and that in the Ad-LacZ group. Conclusion The secreting-trail adenoviral vector could inhibit the growth of tumor bearing mice tumor cells,furthermore it could induce the apoptosis of PC-3 cells in the tumor bearing mice.

4.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 187-191, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709504

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical significance of urinary continence after laparoscopic radical prostatectomy with the technique of preserving bladder neck with sling suspension technique by the seminal vesicle.Methods Sixty-eight patients' clinical data from January 2014 to December 2016 in our hospital who underwent laparoscopic radical prostatectomy were retrospectively analyzed.35 cases with sling suspension (experimental group).Preoperative Gleason score ≤ 6,11 cases;Gleason score 7,15 cases;Gleason score ≥8,9 cases.Stage T1 1 cases,stage T2 28 cases,and T3a 6 cases.The traditional method of bladder neck group(control group) contained 33 cases.Preoperative Gleason score ≤6,9 cases;Gleason score 7,14 cases;Gleason score ≥8,10 cases.Stage T1 2 cases,stage T2 29 cases,and T3a 2 cases.The mean ages [(64.3 ± 4.3) years old and (62.6 ± 3.8) years old],BMI [(22.85 ±1.69) kg/m2 and (22.15 ± 1.32) kg/m2],prostate volume [(45.93 ± 9.08) ml and (44.12 ± 6.85) ml],preoperative PSA[(18.76 ± 5.43) ng/ml and (21.18 ± 6.55) ng/ml],preoperative Gleason of the two groups were not statistically different (both P > 0.05).All patients had no urinary incontinence.All the surgery was done by the same senior surgeon.The continence status was assessed at 1 month,2 month,3 month,and 6 month after operation.The operation time,bleeding volume,urinary leakage rate,the length of hospital stay,and positive margin between the two groups were compared.Urinary continence was assessed by daily urinary pad volume:0-1 /d for urinary continence was normal,2-3/d for mild urinary incontinence,and > 3/d for severe urinary incontinence.Results 68 cases were operated successfully.There was no conversions to open surgery.1 month,2 month,3 month and 6 month after operations,the continence rates of the experimental group were 57.1% (20/35),77.1% (27/35),85.7% (30/35),97.14% (34/35),respectively.The control group's continence rates were 36.4% (12/35),54.5% (18/35),75.8% (25/35),93.9% (31/35),respectively.At 1 month and 2 month after surgery,there was a statistically significant difference in urinary continence between the two groups (P =0.047 and P =0.040),and there was no significant difference in urinary continence between the two groups at 3 and 6 month (P =0.274 and P =0.523).There were 3 cases and 4 cases of positive margins in the experimental group and the control group,with no statistical significance (P =0.705).Conclusions Technique of preservation of bladder neck by sling suspension technique at seminal vesicle may improve the recovery of early postoperative urinary continence,and does not increase the rate of positive margin.

5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 725-727, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659287

ABSTRACT

Female ureterovaginal fistula (UVF)is pathological communication between the ureter and the vagina,which commonly occurs as a complication of ureteral injuries during pelvic operations,especially hysterectomy.Compared with open surgery,the incidence of UVF secondary to laparoscopic surgery was higher.The main clinical symptom of UVF is persistent vaginal leakage.The ureteral injury can be diagnosed promptly and accurately by medical history,clinical symptoms and CTU.The timing of surgical treatment for UVF is still controversial.When stenting failed,early ureteral reimplantation is necessary.The laparoscopic ureteral repimlantation should be recommended because of less invasion and quick recovery.

6.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 182-186, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511122

ABSTRACT

Objective To Compare the postoperative recovery of continence after 3D and 2D laparoscopic radical prostatectomy.Methods A retrospective analysis of 72 patients underwent radical prostatectomy in our department from January 2013 to December 2015,including 38 cases underwent 3D laparoscopic radical prostatectomy,3D group's mean age was (64.2 ± 6.0)years,mean of preoperative PSA was (14.5±7.6)ng/ml,Gleason score (13 cases≤6,17 cases =7,8 cases ≥8),the mean prostate volume (41.4 ±9.1) ml,the classification of clinical stage in 3D group included 2 cases in cT1,26 cases in cT2,9 cases in cT3a,1 cases in cT3b,mean body mass index was (22.8 ± 2.2) kg/m2,mean of MUL (membranous urethral length) was (15.6 ±2.6) mm;34 cases in the 2D group,3D group's mean age was (61.9 ±6.6)years,mean of preoperative PSA was (16.7 ±6.8) ng/ml,Gleason score (10 cases≤6,18 cases =7,6 cases ≥8),the mean prostate volume (42.1 ± 10.6) ml,the classification of clinical stage in 3D group included 1 cases in cT1,28 cases in cT2,5 cases in cT3a,mean body mass index was (21.7 ± 1.9) kg/m2,mean of MUL(membranous urethral length) was (15.5 ± 2.5) mm.All patients got a good function of micturition and urinary continence before the surgery.We compared surgical time,bladder neckurethral anastomosis time and blood loss in two groups.Membranous urethral length(MUL) were measured on preoperative and postoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).Postoperative continence rate was analyzed at 2 weeks,4 weeks,8 weeks,12 weeks,24 weeks and 36 weeks after the remove of the catheter.Results All the operations were completed successfully by the same surgeon and none was transferred to open surgery.The age,PSA value,Gleason score,prostate volume,TNM stage,BMI (body mass index)and other relevant aspects of the clinical data showed no significant difference (P > 0.05).The time of bladder neck-urethral anastomosis is less than the 2D group [(12.9 ± 1.7) min and (15.7 ±2.6) min,P =0.021],MUL loss in the 3D laparoscopic surgery group is less than that of 2D laparoscopic [(0.5 ±0.1) ml vs.(0.6±0.2) ml,P =0.044],the two groups in operative time [(162.7 ± 17.1) min vs.(175.7 ± 15.7) min,P =0.802],intraoperative blood loss[(191.1 ± 31.6) ml vs.(211.8 ±43.2) ml,P =0.021],intraoperative blood transfusion rate [5.2% (2/38) vs.8.8% (3/34),P =0.662],postoperative incidence of urine leakage [7.9% (3/38) vs.14.7% (5/34),P =0.463],postoperative the MUL [(15.1 ± 2.6) mm vs.(15.0 ± 2.6) mm,P =0.767),there was no statistically significant differen.All patients were followed up for urinary function at least 36 months.The continence rate between two groups at 8 weeks (60.5% vs.35.3%),12 weeks (73.7% vs.47.1%) got significantly difference.Conclusions Compared with 2D laparoscopic,3D laparoscopic may help early postoperative recovery of urinary continence after laparoscopic radical prostatectomy.

7.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 725-727, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662053

ABSTRACT

Female ureterovaginal fistula (UVF)is pathological communication between the ureter and the vagina,which commonly occurs as a complication of ureteral injuries during pelvic operations,especially hysterectomy.Compared with open surgery,the incidence of UVF secondary to laparoscopic surgery was higher.The main clinical symptom of UVF is persistent vaginal leakage.The ureteral injury can be diagnosed promptly and accurately by medical history,clinical symptoms and CTU.The timing of surgical treatment for UVF is still controversial.When stenting failed,early ureteral reimplantation is necessary.The laparoscopic ureteral repimlantation should be recommended because of less invasion and quick recovery.

8.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 354-357, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496655

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the size of access channel that may influence the intrarenal pelvic pressure during percutaneous nephrolithotomy.Methods From April 2014 to July 2015,83 patiens with unilateral renal calculus,ranged from 20 to 40mam were divided into 2 group randomly.40 cases underwent F24 channel PCNL and 43 cases underwent F16 channel PCNL.There was no statistically significant difference between the groups in preoperative variables,such as age,gender,preoperative status of infection,status of hydrpnephrosis,size and location of stone (P > 0.05).We used a 6Fr ureteral catheter positioned into the renal pelvic,and the intrarenal pelvic pressure was measured by anesthesia monitor IBP channel during PCNL in different stages (entrance into the collecting system,calculi fragmentation,and termination)for all patients.Removing calculus time,postoperative hemoglobin changing,fever rate,procalcitonin abnormal rate,white blood cell counts and calculi clearance rate were recorded and compared.Results The intrarenal pelvic pressure in different stages on F24 channel and F16 channel were (7.5 ± 1.3)、(22.5± 4.3)、(14.0 ± 2.7) mmHg and (10.3 ± 1.1)、(34.6 ± 4.1)、(23.0 ± 3.6) mmHg,respectively.There was statistically significant difference between 2 groups (P < 0.05).Compared with F16 channel,F24 channel had significant differences in removing calculus time [(12.8 ± 3.7) min vs.(23.3 ± 3.6) min],fever rate [17.5% (7/40) vs.39.5% (17/43)],procalcitonin abnormal rate [15.0% (6/40) vs.34.9%(15/43)] and white blood cell counts abnormal rate [10.0% (4/40) vs.27.9% (12/43)] (P < 0.05).However,no significant difference in postoperative hemoglobin changing [(11.8 ± 4.4)g/L vs.(13.7 ±4.7)g/L] and calculi clearance rate [87.5% (35/40) vs.81.4% (35/43)] (P >0.05).Conclusions Compared with F16 channel,the F24 channel PCNL maintains lower renal pelvic pressure,which is less than reflux limit,during calculi fragmentation,It might be contributed to reduce the postoperative fever rate.It can short time for removing calculi and achieve the better effect.

9.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 50-53, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466475

ABSTRACT

Objective To investige the risk factors of urosepsis after percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL).Methods We retrospectively analyzed 204 renal calculi or proximally ureter calcui patients,who underwent ultrasound-guided PCNL,from January 2013 to January 2014.Among them,there were 140 men and 64 women,whose mean age was 49 years (range from 29 to 75 years).Eighty-four operations were performed via standard channel and 120 operations were performed via micro channels.Fifty one patients had staghorn stones.Before operation,the urine culture positive rate was 14.7% (30/204).The creatinine level ranged from 46 to 340 μmol/L [mean (87.9±33.9) μmol/L].Average stone diameter was (2.3±0.8) cm (range 1.0-7.0 cm).Mean operative time was (68.4±26.9) min (range 23-219 min).The chi-square test and a logistic regression model were used to identify key risk factors.Results The operation duration ranged from 23 to 219 min,mean (68.4±26.9) min.Of 204 patients,9 (4.4%) suffered septic shock,including 7 female patients and 2 male patients.Their mean age was (52.6± 15.2) years (20-73 years).Five operations were performed via standard channels and four operations were performed via micro channels.Five patients had staghorn stones.Urine culture positive rate was 77.8% (7/9).The average stone diameter was (2.5±0.6) cm (range 1.8-3.5 cm).Mean operative time was (86±53) min (range 47-219 min).In univariate analysis,significant associations was observed between female gender (P =0.005),positive urine culture (P<0.01),staghorn calculi (P =0.035),operative duration>90 min (P =0.042) and sepsis after PCNL.While in multivariate analysis,female gender (OR=6.001,95%CI=1.190-30.276,P=0.03) and positive urine culture pre-operation (OR=19.647,95%CI=3.918-98.562,P<0.01) were identified as independent risk factors for post-MPCNL septic shock.Conclusions Female gender and positive urine culture before operation are the key risk factors of urosepsis after percutaneous nephrolithotomy.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-602390

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the efficacy of four-step method for transurethral enucleation of the prostate . Methods A retrospective analysis was conducted on 120 cases of benign prostate hyperplasia ( BPH) treated with four-step method ( traction, enucleation, resection, and repair ) for transurethral plasmakinetic resection of the prostate in our hospital from January 2012 to February 2014. Results The average operation time was (91.4 ±35.3) min.The intraoperative blood loss was 78.8 ±34.1 ml. The resection of the prostate tissue weight was (32.1 ±15.7) g.The postoperative bladder infusion time was (1.5 ±0.5) days.The postoperative indwelling catheter time was 3.5 ±0.8 days.The postoperative hospital stay was (5.5 ±0.5) days.No death, blood transfusion, or TURS happened.Follow-up reviews at 3 months after surgery found postoperative international prostatic symptom score (IPSS) was significantly less than the preoperative level [4.5 ±2.2 vs.24.5 ±5.1, t=39.445, P=0.000], postoperative Qmax was significantly higher than preoperative level [(21.5 ±10.5) ml/s vs.(6.0 ±1.9) ml/s, t =15.912, P =0.000], and postoperative residual urine was significantly less than the preoperative level [(12.0 ±2.0) ml vs.(145.0 ±33.0) ml;t=44.069, P =0.000].No retrograde ejaculation, sexual dysfunction, or dysuria happened. Conclusion The four-step method for transurethral enucleation of the prostate is radical , safe, and simple.

11.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 881-884, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-473747

ABSTRACT

Objective To access the safety and efficacy of balloon dilation in percutaneous nephrolithotomy for staghorn stones.Methods Clinical data of 64 patients with staghorn stone according to the inclusion criteria in our institution from April 2013 to April 2014 were collected and analyzed retrospectively.According to the dilation methods,the patients were divided into balloon dilation group (dilated to 24 F by balloon dilator,31 cases) and fascial dilation group (dilated to 16 F by Amplatz fascial dilator,33 cases).There was no significant difference in sex,age,body mass index between the 2 groups.The data of duration of percutaneous access,one-attempt success rate of dilation,puncture complications (kidney calices fracture,perinephric fluid collection and postoperative delayed hemorrhage etc.),removing stones time,stone free rate,hemoglobin drop after surgery and number of patients who experienced postoperative fever >37.5 ℃ were recorded.Results Compare to fascial dilation group,balloon dilatation group had significant differences in terms of duration of percutaneous access [(5.6± 2.1) min versus (9.4± 1.7) min],oneattempt success rate of dilation[100% (31/31) versus 88% (29/33)],removing stone time[(32.4±3.4) min versus (49.5±3.7) min],stone free rate [84% (26/31) versus 61% (20/33)],hemoglobin drop after surgery [(16.7±3.3) g/L versus (28.4±2.6) g/L],renal intrapelvic pressure[(19±3) mmHg versus (25±6) mmHg] and rate of patients who experienced postoperative fever >37.5 ℃ [16% (5/31) versus 39%(13/33)] (P<0.05).No injury of adjacent organs,including pleura,liver,spleen,or bowel was noted in all patients.Conclusions Balloon dilation is quick and safe with less hemorrhage when building percutaneous renal channel.And it has higher stone free rate and less complication rate in percutaneous nephrolithotomy with staghorn stones.

12.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 209-211, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-444376

ABSTRACT

Objective To access the practicality and safety of a new type Balloon dilatation combined with flank supine position in percutaneous nephrolithotomy.Methods Clinical data of 60 kidney stones patients were collected and retrospectively analyzed.This group of patients had been admitted and selected according to the inclusion criteria in our institute from July.2012 to Sep.2013.There was no obvious difference in sex,age,body mass index (BMI),stone location and size.According to the surgery approaches,this group of patients was divided into ballon group (dilated by balloon dilatation) and Amplatz group (dilated by Amplatz fascial dilation) and in each group there were 30 cases.All these patients received the surgery by the same group of surgeons.We collected the data of one-time success puncture rate,success puncture time,puncture complications (kidney calices fracture,perinephric fluid collection and postoperative delayed hemorrhages etc.),removing stones time and stone free rate.Results Compared with Balloon group,Amplatz group had a significant difference (P<0.05) in one-time success puncture rate [100% (30/30) vs 90% (27/30)],success puncture time [(6.1±2.3)min vs (13.3±3.6)min],puncture complications [3%(1/30) vs 13%(4/30)] and removing stones time [(11.7±2.0)min vs (21.5±3.1)min]; but no significant difference (P>0.05) in stone free rate [87% (26/30) vs 83% (25/30)].Conclusions Balloon dilatation combined with flank supine position in percutaneous nephrolithotomy is easy for surgery.It can establish the surgery access more accurately and faster,decreases removing stones time and reduces operative complications.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-439004

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze psychological status of the donors and the recipients before and after the relative kidney transplantation.Method Symptom checklist 90 (SCL-90) were performed for 147 renal transplant recipients and donors preoperative and postoperative.Statistical analysis were performed to analyze the scores between the recipients,donors and normal standards.Results Over 90% recipients were of obvious anxiety preoperative.The scores of most factors of recipients were significantly higher than those of donors.The scores of somatization,interpersonal sensitivity,depression,anxiety,hostility,phobia and paranoia between two groups has statistical significance(P<0.05).Part of recipients retest SCL-90 3 month after operation,the data showed that the scores of somatization,interpersonal sensitivity,depression,anxiety,hostility were obviously declined after operation(P<0.05).And the test also showed that most of the donors were willing to help preoperative.Conclusion Preoperative psychological test was useful in preoperational psychological intervention for transplantation recipients.It can increase the safety of the recipients during perioperative period.

14.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 413-416, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-426104

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical characters and hemodynamic data of the prone position and supine position percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Methods Patients with kidney stones in 100 cases were randomly assigned into the supine position group and prone position group.There were 50 cases in each group.The following data were recorded at preoperative,intraoperative,change position:the blood pressure,heart rate,respiration,saturation of blood oxygen and blood gas analysis results.The VAS score was recorded in patients for postural comfort,dyspnea and pain score. Results The systolic blood pressure in the preoperative,intraoperative,postoperative on supine position and prone position were as follows:(137±12),(119±15),(115±17) mm Hg and (137±10),(110±18),(104±16) mmHg.The diastalic blood pressure was as follows:( 81 ± 9 ),(74 ± 8 ),(63 ± 14 ) mm Hg and ( 84 ± 8 ),(63 ± 9 ),(60 ± 15) mm Hg.Compared with preoperative,there was a blood pressure decreased in both groups.The blood pH at preoperative,intraoperative,postoperative in supine position and prone position:7.4 ± 0,7.3 ± 0,7.3 ± 0 and 7.4 ± 0,7.3 ± 0,7.3 ± 0.The bass excess (BE) of two groups were:(2.1 ± 0.5),(-2.7 ±0.5),( -1.5 ±0.5) mmol/L and (3.2 ±0.5),(-3.8 ±0.5),(-2.5 ±0.5) mmol/L.Compared with preoperative data,the pH and BE declined in both groups.The prone position had more pronounced decrease in serum sodium,serum potassium; but with no significant difference.Supine group in postural comfort and breathing difficulties were 1.6 ± 0.4 and 7.1 4± 05,while prone group were 7.5 ± 0.2 and 1.4 ± 0.3.The supine position showed better in postural comfort and breathing difficulties with statistical significance. Conclusions Compared with the prone position,the supine positioned percutaneous nephrolithotomy could have less influence on hemodynamics,blood gas analysis.It could have better postural comfort.

15.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 778-781, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-428033

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinicopathologic characteristics and treatment of primary and secondary bladder mucosa lymphoma. Methods From June 1996 to September 2011,8 cases of bladder mucosa lymphoma patients including primary bladder mucosa lymphoma patients (2 males and 3 females)and secondary bladder mucosa lymphoma patients ( 1 male and 2 females) were treated in our institute.The patient's mean age was 68 years (ranged from 57 to 78 years),and the other 3 secondary bladder mucosa lymphoma patient's mean age was 61 years (ranged from 41 to 81 years).7 of 8 patients accepted transurethral resection of bladder tumor combined with CHOP chemotherapy and radiotherapy,and 1 patient abandoned treatment.CHOP chemotherapy and radiotherapy were performed at 2 weeks post-operatively.Secondary bladder mucosa lymphoma patients accepted 3-dimensional conformal 6000 cGy radiotherapy.Urinary CT examination showed that there were round or oval irregular tumors in the wall of urinary bladder,whose diameters were 1 to 4 cm.Tumor edges were glossy and tumor density were uniform.In addition,the bladder wall with tumor was uneven.In contrasted CT,the tumors appeared obviously enhanced.7 cases had cauliflower-like tumors found by cystoscope,and there were necrosis-calcification area in the center of tumors.1case appeared multiple tumors,which consisted of one big tumor and three smaller ones. Results There were 5 cases of primary bladder mucosa lymphoma, including 3 bladder mucosa associated lymphoma (MAL) cases and 2 diffuse large B cell lymphoma cases.There were 3 secondary bladder mucosa lymphoma cases including 2 diffuse large B cell lymphoma cases and 1 generalized follicular cystic central lymphoma case,which belongs to the tuberous sclerosis Hodgkin lymphoma.Immunohistochemical analysis showed that CD20,CD21,CD43 staining were positive in low grade MAL (3 cases).However,CD3,CD20,CD31 staining were positivein high grade MAL (5 cases). All patients were followed up 3 to 44 months.3 cases of secondary malignant lymphoma patients died after diagnosed after 3 to 13 months.5 cases of primary malignant lymphoma patients were all survived. 1 case recurred 14 months after surgery and accepted TURBT and CHOP chemotherapy again.Pathologic diagnosis showed the transformation from peripheral zone of bladder mucosa associated lymphoma to diffuse large B cell lymphoma.The patient was free of recurrence. Conclusions MAL and diffuse large B cell lymphoma are the most common type of bladder mucosa lymphoma.Primary and secondary diffuse large B cell lymphoma have similarities in histological analysis,but the former prognosis is better than the latter's. Transurethral resection of bladder tumor combined with chemotherapy and radiotherapy can prevent the relapse of MAL in short term and long term with good tolerance,and can be used as ideal treatment of MALT.

16.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 832-834, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-417470

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the health related quality of life (HRQoL) of ileal conduit versus orthotopic ileal neobladder using the FACT-BL scale.Methods One hundred and thirty patients underwent radical cystectomy and urinary diversion for invasive bladder cancer from Jan 2006 to Dec 2010 at our hospital.According to different urinary diversions,patients were divided into ileal conduit (IC) and orthotopic ileal neobladder (NB).HRQoL was assessed using FACT-BL.The following scores calculated from the FACT-BL questionnaire and list:physical well-being ( PWB ),social/family well-being ( SWB ),emotional well-being(EWB),functional well-being( FWB),overall bladder-special subscale and total FACT-BL were included.A high FACT score indicated a high level of HRQoL.The medical records of each patient were then reviewed.Clinical parameters including age,sex,type of diversion and pathological status were recorded and analyzed.Results A total of 94 questionnaires were collected,of these patients 50 had an IC and 44 had an NB.Among the respondents,the age at surgery was significantly younger in NB group than IC group (P =0.014 ).While the percent of males,follow-up years and pathological stage T3 or greater revealed no significant difference.The NB group got significantly higher scores in PWB,SWB,EWB and FACT-BL than the IC group.Which indicated that the HRQoL was higher in patients following orthotopic ileal neobladder.Conclusions The HRQoL was better in patients who followed orthotopic ileal neobladder than those who followed ileal conduit.This may indicate that orthotopic ileal neobladder should be considered first when making a decision about which urinary diversion should be used.

17.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 11-13, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-384508

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the safety and efficacy of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in a new operative position, flank suspended supine position. Methods The new position hold affected flank suspended by raising the ipsilateral shoulder and haunch with two 3-liter saline bags, and set up waist bridge simultaneously. From March 2010 to October 2010, a series of 173 patients underwent PCNL with the new supine position under epidural anesthesia. The average age was (50± 11) years, and the average bulk of the stone was (2. 9±1.0) cm. All patients were placed in the new supine position. Under ultrasound guidance, the desired calix or pelvis was punctured near the posterior axillary line, then dilating the tract and establishing the 16 F or 20 F tract for PCNL. Results The pelvicaliceal system could be successfully approached in all patients. The procedure was well tolerated in all patients. Mean operation time was (86 ± 34) min. 80. 3% of the patients were rendered free of stones by the initial PCNL. Thirty-four cases had residual stones, and a second PCNL was performed in 16 cases to clear the residual stones. Only 1 patient required blood transfusion.None of the patients suffered visceral injury. Conclusion The new supine position is safe and effective for PCNL.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-544398

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the mechanism of senile escaping of benign prostatic hyperplasia(BPH) condition. Methods With polymerase chain reaction based telomeric repeat amplification protocol assay(TRAP),telomerase activity was examined in 13 normal prostate tissues,35 benign prostatic hyperplasia tissues,33 hyperplastic tubercle and diaphragm. Results Telomerase activity was detected in 2 of 13(15%)normal prostate tissues,17 of 35(49%)benign hyperplasia tissues,14 of 33(42%)hyperplastic tubercle tissues and 1 of 33(3%)diaphragm tissues.The positive rate of telomerase in BPH is higher than normal prostate (P

19.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 115-116, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357070

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the value of urodynamic test in the diagnosis of postoperative incontinence after transurethral resection of the prostate(TURP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-seven patients with urinary incontinence after TURP received urodynamic tests, including cystometry(CMG), pressure-flow study, rest urethral pressure profilometry(RUPP) and stress leak-point pressure (SLPP) measurement. Urethrocystography was taken when necessary.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the 37 cases, 16 were diagnosed as motor urge urinary incontinence, 2 as sensory urge urinary incontinence, 17 as stress urinary incontinence and 2 as overflow urinary incontinence.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Different types of urinary incontinence after TURP can be clearly distinguished by urodynamic tests, which provides objective basis for the choice of adequate treatment.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Transurethral Resection of Prostate , Urinary Incontinence , General Surgery , Urodynamics
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-562757

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect and possible mechanism of curcumin on the proliferation and apoptosis of cell strain of bladder carcinoma.Methods In curcumin group,T24 cells were treated with curcumin of 1,10,100 ?mol/L respectively,while no curcumin treatment in control group.The growth,apoptosis,AKT1 protein activity and mRNA level,caspase 3 content of T24 cells were observed by MTT,TUNEL,RT-PCR,immunoblot and image analysis technology 12,24 and 48 h after the commencement of curcumin treatment.Results In the curcumin group,the inhibition rate,apoptosis and the content of caspase 3 of T24 cells increased significantly.The activity of AKT1 protein decreased,but the mRNA level of AKT1 showed no changes.Conclusion Curcumin can inhibit the growth of T24 cells and induce the cell apoptosis,which mechanism is related to the inhibition of AKT1 signal pathway of T24 cells.

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