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1.
Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences. 2017; 33 (2): 457-461
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-187917

ABSTRACT

Objective: Osteoporosis is the well-known major complication in chronic hepatitis B virus [HBV] infection. Fewer reports are available of the relationship between bone loss and chronic HBV infection. We investigated the bone mineral density [BMD] and prevalence of osteoporosis in chronic HBV patients in comparison with healthy subjects


Methods: We assessed 148 chronic HBV patients and 148 age- and gender-matched healthy controls by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry [DEXA] for determination of BMD. T-score was used to define bone status according to the World Health Organization's classification


Results: The BMD values were significantly lower in HBV patients in all scan of specific regions compared with the controls [P < 0.05]. The prevalence of osteoporosis in either of LS, TH or the FN was significantly higher in the HBV patients group compared with the healthy controls. The rate of osteopenia and osteoporosis for HBV patients aged 45-54 years was significantly higher than that of the healthy controls


Conclusions: Chronic HBV infection was associated with low BMD and increased the risk of developing subsequent osteoporosis

2.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1055-1060, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-670131

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate results and demonstrate problems of Scandinavian total ankle replacement (STAR) in patients with ankle arthritis and clarify its role as a growing alternatives to ankle fusion.Methods Retrospectively analyzed 43 patients who had total ankle replacement from May 1999 to January 2013.All cases were evaluated with interview focusing on pain,daily activities and clinical and radiologic examinations.The average age of patients was 46 (range,35 to 56) years old.Among these cases,9 patients suffered from posttraumatic arthritis,25 osteoarthritis,5 rheumatoid arthritis and 4 avascular necrosis of the talar body.All patients complained about ankle joint pain and swelling as well as limited ROM of joint.Results Mean follow-up was 6.7 (1.5 to 12 years) years.37 cases had complete follow-up.The average preoperative ankle score was 27.0± 10.5,pain degree score was 16.5± 12.8,joint function score was 10.6±7.4,ROM score was 8.2±5.2.The average preoperative ankle score was 86.5±13.2,pain degree score was 49.5±4.5,joint function score was 19.7±9.5,ROM score was 19.2±3.2.The indicatiors compared with preoperative,postoperative differences have statistical significance.The score of postoperative Kofoed were divided into excellent 35 cases,good 1 case and poor 1 case,excellent and good rate was 97.3%.The American orthopaedic foot and ankle society (AOFAS) scoring system was improved from 40.5 preoperatively to 80.6 postoperatively.No postoperative loosening or migrating of the prosthesis was noted.Conclusion It was demonstrated that the standardized and normalized operative techniques as well as operative tools closely matched to the prosthesis could achieve favorable outcomes according to the clinical and radiographic outcomes and overall acceptable cornplication rates in the present study.STAR was a choice for the patients with advanced osteoarthritis,posttraumatic arthritis,rheumatic arthritis and avascular necrosis of the talar body.

3.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 226-230, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469322

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical outcome associated with the core decompression in combination with the nano-hydroxyapatite/collagen composite rod combined with decalcified bone matrix in a consecutive series of patients with osteonecrosis of femoral head,especially the prevention of collapse of femoral head and its predisposing factors.Methods From August,2012 to May,2013,46 pationts (50 hips) who had undergone core decompression in combination with nano-hydroxyapatite/collagen composite rod insertion in corporated with decalcified bone matrix in our hospital were involved in this study.Postoperative care consisted of prophylactic intravenous antibiotic and anticoagulation therapy.Patients were instructed to be non-weight-bearing for 3 weeks,to partial weight-bear for the next 3 weeks,and to weight bear as tolerated thereafter.All patients were evaluated both clinically and radiographically.The primary clinical outcome of this study was functional improvement assessed with the Harris hip score.Serial radiograms of the pelvis were taken at 1,3,6,12 months post-operatively to analyze the process of osteonecrosis.Results All patients followed up for 12 months,no one suffer complications.The mean Harris score pre-operation was 65.6 ± 10.6,post-operation score was 87.5 ± 15.3,with a mean improvement of 21.8 ± 13.2 (P < 0.05).According to Harris hip score system,excellent for 30 hips,good for 14 hips,fair for 2 hip and poor for 4 hips.Refer to the Kaplan-Meier survivorship curve,the success rate at 12 months post-operatively was 92%.Radiological changes coincided with clinical changes.Conclusion Core decompressionin combination with nano-hydroxyapatite/ collagen composite rod insertion in corporated with decalcified bone matrix provided a minimally invasive surgical treatment option to treat early stage osteonecrotic hips(stage Ⅰ and Ⅱ) and to prevent femoral heads from collapsing,with clinical outcomes and success rates priorto other commonly used surgical procedures.

4.
Experimental & Molecular Medicine ; : e107-2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-175272

ABSTRACT

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have recently been recognized to have a role in human orthopedic disorders. The objective of our study was to explore the expression profile and biological function of miRNA-17-5p (miR-17-5p), which is well known to be related to cancer cell proliferation and invasion, in osteoblastic differentiation and in cell proliferation. The expression levels of miR-17-5p in the femoral head mesenchymal stem cells of 20 patients with non-traumatic osteonecrosis (ON) and 10 patients with osteoarthritis (OA) were examined by quantitative reverse transcription-PCR (qRT-PCR). Furthermore, the interaction between miR-17-5p and SMAD7 was observed. We found that in non-traumatic ON samples the level of mature miR-17-5p was significantly lower than that of OA samples (P=0.0002). By targeting SMAD7, miR-17-5p promoted nuclear translocation of beta-catenin, enhanced expression of COL1A1 and finally facilitated the proliferation and differentiation of HMSC-bm cells. We also demonstrated that restoring expression of SMAD7 in HMSC-bm cells partially reversed the function of miR-17-5p. Together, our data suggested a theory that dysfunction of a network containing miR-17-5p, SMAD7 and beta-catenin could contribute to ON pathogenesis. The present study prompts the potential clinical value of miR-17-5p in non-traumatic ON.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Base Sequence , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2/metabolism , Cell Differentiation , Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Gene Expression Regulation , MicroRNAs/genetics , Osteoarthritis/genetics , Osteoblasts/cytology , Osteogenesis , Osteonecrosis/genetics , Signal Transduction , Smad7 Protein/genetics , beta Catenin/metabolism
5.
Experimental & Molecular Medicine ; : e79-2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-72398

ABSTRACT

Osteoarthritis is a common cause of functional deterioration in older adults and is an immense burden on the aging population. Altered chondrogenesis is the most important pathophysiological process involved in the development of osteoarthritis. However, the molecular mechanism underlying the regulation of chondrogenesis in patients with osteoarthritis requires further elucidation, particularly with respect to the role of microRNAs. MiR-21 expression in cartilage specimens was examined in 10 patients with knee osteoarthritis and 10 traumatic amputees. The effect of miR-21 on chondrogenesis was also investigated in a chondrocyte cell line. The effect of miR-21 on the expression of growth differentiation factor 5 (GDF-5) was further assessed by luciferase reporter assay and western blot. We found that endogenous miR-21 is upregulated in osteoarthritis patients, and overexpression of miR-21 could attenuate the process of chondrogenesis. Furthermore, we identified GDF-5 as the direct target of miR-21 during the regulation of chondrogenesis. Our data suggest that miR-21 has an important role in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis and is a potential therapeutic target.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cartilage/metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Cell Line , Chondrocytes/metabolism , Growth Differentiation Factor 5/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Osteoarthritis/metabolism , Up-Regulation
6.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1012-1017, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-442042

ABSTRACT

Objective To retrospectively analyze the methods and clinical outcome to treat Crowe type Ⅳ developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in young adults with total hip arthroplasty (THA) after limb-lengthing with external fixator.Methods From October 2007 to January 2012,12 patients with unilateral Crowe type Ⅳ DDH were treated with two-staged surgical method in our department.There were 2 males and 10 females with an average age of 25.7 years (range,18-35 years).In the first stage,the patients underwent soft tissue relaxation and iliofemoral distraction with use of an external fixator for 10-17 days.There were 1-2 cm distraction at the first time and 3-5 mm daily distraction.When the femoral head was distracted to the level of anatomical position,the second stage-THA was performed.All patients underwent uncemented prosthesis with bulk femoral head autograft for acetabular reconstruction.The acetabular cup was placed in the anatomical position in every patient.Shortening femoral osteotomies were not required.Results The mean time of first operation was 35.2±3.6 min,and hospital stay was 13.3±1.6 days.The mean time of second operation was 77.3±12.4 min,and hospital stay was 9.2±2.5 days.The average follow-up was 13.6±3.2 months,limb-length discrepancy was 5.6±1.5 cm on average preoperatively and 0.5±0.2 cm on average postoperatively.The Harris hip score was increased from 45.7±2.6 preoperatively to 92.3±3.3 postoperatively.All of the cases had acquired good hip and knee function.No patient suffered pin-site infection,hip joint infection,prosthesis loosening or deep vein thrombosis in our research.Transient nerve palsy occurred during the leg limb lengthening in 3 cases; calf skin numbness after THA occurred in 5 cases.Conclusion For the Crowe type Ⅳ DDH in young adults,normal limb length can be restored nearly and avoid nerve injury via continuously limb-lengthing with external fixator before THA.This method can get precise results,improve limb function significantly and have fewer complications.

7.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 888-894, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-442025

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical efficacy of total hip arthroplasty with subtrochanteric femoral shortening osteotomy for Crowe Ⅳ developmental dysplasia of the hip.Methods From September 2003 to September 2012,21 patients (24 hips) underwent total hip arthroplasty with subtrochanteric femoral shortening osteotomy for Crowe Ⅳ developmental dysplasia of the hip in our hospital.There were 3 males and 18 females,aged from 28 to 71 years (average,54±10 years).The ceramicpolyethylene articulation was used in 17 patients (20 hips),and metal-polyethylene articulation in 4 patients (4 hips).The osteotomy site was treated with autologous bone graft in 18 patients (21 hips) and allogeneic bone graft in 3 patients (3 hips).The Harris hip score was used to assess the clinical results.Results A total of 18 patients were followed up for 0.5 to 9 years (average,3.5 years).The Harris hip score was improved from preoperative 47.9±9.1 to 88.4±3.5 at 6 months postoperatively.For most patients,hip pain relieved significantly; range of motion of the hip was improved,and the gait returned to normal.Sciatic nerve palsy occurred in 1 patient.There was no wound infection.X-rays 6 months after operation showed that the position of prostheses was satisfactory,without loosening of prostheses and bone block resorption.Conclusion Total hip arthroplasty with subtrochanteric femoral shortening osteotomy can achieve good clinical effect in Crowe Ⅳ developmental dysplasia of the hip.Moreover,it can improve leg length discrepancy and decrease the risk of sciatic nerve injury.

8.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 20-25, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432225

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical indications and outcomes of dynesys neutralization system in the treatment of degenerative lumbar diseases.Methods From January 2007 to December 2011,102 consecutive patients with degenerative lumbar spine diseases underwent posterior decompression and internal fixation with the Dynesys dynamic neutralization system.Among them,69 patients were followed up,including 39 males and 30 females,aged from 30 to 62 years (average,44 years).The series of cases were composed of 24 cases of lumber disc herniation,35 cases of degenerative spinal stenosis,10 cases of degenerative changes of lumbar discs.Results The mean follow-up period was 35 months (range,6-44 months).The visual analogue scale (VAS) score decreased from preoperative 8.6 (range,6-9) to postoperative 2.8 (range,0-5),and the Oswestry disability index (ODI) improved from preoperative 73% (range,30%-91%) to postoperative 30% (range,0-61%).There were no implant failure or infection.According to the evaluation criteria of surgical treatment for low back pain,which was established by the Chinese Orthopaedic Association,the result was excellent in 53 patients,good in 12 patients,fair in 4 patients and poor in 1 patient.Conclusion The Dynesys dynamic neutralization system is effective in the treatment of degenerative lumbar spine disease,which can reserve the range of motion of stabilized segments,prevent degeneration of adjacent segments and improve clinical outcomes.

9.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 200-205, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432161

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical effects and experiences of short stem ceramic-on-ceramic total hip arthroplasty in the treatment of young and middle-aged patients with femoral head necrosis.Methods From December 2009 to March 2011,40 patients with femoral head necrosis were treated primarily with short stem ceramic-on-ceramic hip arthroplasty (43 hips) through posterior-lateral or anterior-lateral approach.There were 23 males,17 females; with the mean age of 40.5 years (range,27-55 years).All cases were stage Ⅳ or more according Steinberg stage.The patients were followed up at the 3,6,12 months after operation,and then once each year.Standard X-ray films were taken at the follow-ups.Femoral prosthesis subsidence was assessed through X-ray films.Harris scores system and WOMAC Osteoarthritis Index were recorded before and after operation to evaluate clinical effects of surgery.Results Thirty-eight patients (41 hips) were followed up for 21-36 months,with an average of 31.3 months.The femoral stem subsided 0.68±2.90 mm at the last follow-up.After operation,hip pain of patients was relieved obviously.The Harris score improved from 38.7±12.1 (15-66) preoperatively to 95.2±4.49 (83-100) postoperatively,WOMAC Index from 66.7±12.0 (49-94) to 12.8±5.6 (0-24).During follow-up period,there was no serious complication such as femoral neck fracture,infection of wound,pulmonary embolism,et al.No dislocation,implant prosthesis failure and infection were observed.Conclusion The short stem hip arthroplasty preserves bone stock to a great extent.The short stem implant showed a good stability and osseous integration.The wear rate of ceramic-on-ceramic bearing surface is extremely low.Short stem hip arthroplasty plus ceramic-on-ceramic bearing surface might be a good option for the young and middle-aged patients with femoral head necrosis.

10.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 819-824, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-427726

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo determine the levels of type Ⅳ collagen and matrix metalloproteinase-9 ( MMP-9 ) in the serum and kidney of rats with the multiple organ dysfunction syndrome ( MODS ) and investigate the mechanism of extracellular matrix damage in renal failure of MODS.MethodsForty adult male Sprague- Dawley (SD) rats were randomly (ramdom number) divided into two groups,namely the normal control group ( n =8 ) and the MODS model group ( n =32 ).The rats of model group were further divided into four sub-groups as per different intervals,6 h,12 h,24 h and 48 h,after modeling (n =8 in each).The animal models of MODS were established by two hits,the left eyeball of each model rat was removed to bleed to 2 ml bloocd/100 g body weight and lipopolysaccharide ( LPS,5 mg/kg) was injected into intraperitoneal cavity of model rats four hours later. The same volume of saline instead was injected intraperitoneally into rats of control group.All rats were sacrificed at different intervals.Creatinine (Cr)and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) were determined by using a Hitachi Automatic Biochemical Analyzer.The histological changes in renal tissue were observed under light microscope and transmission electronic microscope.The levels of serum type Ⅳ collagen and MMP - 9 protein were measured by using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).Type Ⅳ collagen and MMP- 9 protein levels in renal tissue were detected by western blot.One - way ANOVA was used for comparison among multiple groups.Results Compared with the control group,Cr and BUN were significantly higher in MODS group ( P <0.05 ).There were no histopathological changes in kidney of rats in control group,and the renal injury was serious in rats with MODS.The remarkable edema of basement membrane and defect of collagen fibers in renal tissue were observed in MODS group.Compared with the control group,the levels of MMP-9 in serum increased 6-48 hours after modeling and peaking at interval of 12 hours after modeling ( P < 0.05 ).The protein levels of type Ⅳ collagen increased not significantly in 6 h group and 12 h group in comparison with control group (P > 0.05 ),while those in 24 h group and 48 h group significantly increased ( P < 0.01 ).The levels of MMP -9 in renal tissue of rats with MODS increased in 6 h group and 12 h group (P<0.05),peaked in 24 h group ( P < 0.05 ),and decreased in 48 hours.However,the level of Ⅳ collagen in serum of rats with MODS decreased significantly 6-48 hours after modeling (P < 0.05 ) Conclusions The injury of extracellular matrix is an important factor to the kidney damage in MODS and it may he used for early diagnose and as a treatment target for kidney injury in MODS.

11.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1300-1305, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-420499

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the level of toll-like receptor4 (TLR4) in the kidney of rats with the Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome (MODS),and to investigate the early phase of kidney damage in MODS.Methods The experiment was done at experimental center of medical college of Three Gorges University.Forty Adult male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly (random number) divided into two groups,namely the normal control group and the MODS model group.The rats of model group were further divided into four sub-groups as per different intervals (6 h,12 h,24 h and 48 h),and there were 8 rats in each groups.The animal models of MODS were established by two hits,the left eyeball of each model rat was removed to bleed to 2 mL/100 g,and four hours later,Lipopolysaccharide ( LPS,5 mg/kg) was injected into intraperitoneal cavity of model rats.The same volume of saline was injected intraperitoneally into rats of control group.All rats were sacrificed at various intervals.The histological changes in the kidney tissue were observed by naked eye and under light microscope.The lever of TLR4 proteins in serum and kidney tissue were detected by using flow cytometry (FCM).One-way ANOVA was used for comparison among multiple groups.Results (1) There were no histopatholagical changes in kidney of rats in control group,and the kidney injury was serious in rats with MODS.(2) Compared with the rots of control group,the level of TLR4 in kidney tissue of rats with MODS increased at 6 hours and reached peak 12 hours later ( P < 0.01 ),and then decreased 24 hours ( P < 0.01 ).There was no significant difference in levd of TLR4 between two groups 6 and 48 hours.Compared with the rats of control group,the level of TLR4 in peripheral blood leucocyte of rats with MODS increased significantly 6 ~ 48 hours after LPS ( P < 0.01 ).The concentrations of serum and kidney tissue TLR4 proteins were positively correlated with each other ( r =0.893,P < 0.05 ).Conclusions The level of TLR4 markedly increased in the kidney tissue at early stage of MODS,and the TLR4 may play an important role in the pathogenesis of kidney injury in MODS.

12.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 242-250, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-302829

ABSTRACT

In order to investigate the transfer and expression of Snail gene in human bone mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and to study effects of Snail gene modification on the CXCR4 expression of human MSCs and their capacity of migration to SDF-1 in vitro, the plasmid PCAGGSneo-Snail-HA or the control vector of PCAGGSneo was transferred into the cells. Fluorescence activated cell sorting analysis, immunofluorescence staining and RT-PCR were used to study the expression of CXCR4 by MSCs. Chemotaxis assays were performed to evaluate the migratory capacity of MSCs-Sna and MSCs-neo to SDF-1 in vitro. For the blocking assay, CXCR4 blocking antibody was added into cell culture. CXCR4 expression was higher in MSCs-Sna than that in MSCs-neo (P < 0.05). Chemotaxis assays showed that SDF-1alpha stimulated migratory activity of MSCs-Sna more than MSCs-neo in vitro (P < 0.05). Moreover, the SDF-1alpha-induced migratory activity of MSCs-Sna was inhibited in a concentration-dependent manner by a CXCR4-blocking antibody. It was concluded that Snail enhanced expression of CXCR4 in MSCs, providing a plausible mechanism for Snail-mediated MSCs transmigration to damaged tissues in vivo where SDF-1 has been shown to be up-regulated as part of injury responses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Biology , Cell Movement , Genetics , Cells, Cultured , Chemokine CXCL12 , Metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Receptors, CXCR4 , Genetics , Metabolism , Snail Family Transcription Factors , Transcription Factors , Genetics , Transduction, Genetic
13.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 165-169, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-396768

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes in the serum MMP-9 (matrix metalloproteinase-9) and the expressions of MMP-9 in lung, kidney and intestine in rats with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) and confirm extracellular matrix injuries being the mechanism in MODS in order to propose a novel theoretical basis for cfinical treatment of MODS. Method Forty wister rats were randomly divided into two groups: control group (n=8) and MODS model group (n=32). The rats of model group were further divided into four subgroups ac-cordingto the time elapsed after modelling: 12 h (n=8), 24 h(n=8) ,48 h(n=8) and 72 h (n=8), and were modelled by celiac injection of mixed liquid of zymosan-paraffin (4 mL/100 g) after blood loss (1mL/100 g) by extirpating their left eyes. Blood,lung, kidney and intestine were sampled 12,24,48 and 72 hours after models were established. The histological changes in the lung, kidney and intestine of the rats were observed by light mi-croscope. The serum MMP-9 were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The immunohisto-chemistry was used to observe the expression of MMP-9 in lung,kidney and intestine during different phases of MODS. The data were processed by one-way ANOVA and Bivariate analysis. Results Compared with control group, the organs were injured by congestion, edema and inflammatory cells infiltration to a certain extent in model groups. The serum MMP-9 increased markedly 12 hours after modelling (P<0.01 ) and peaked 48 hours later. The expressions of MMP-9 in lung, kidney and small intestine significantly increased from 12 h to 72 h after mod-elling (P<0.01 or 0.05). Conclusions The MMP-9 increased both in serum and tissue are closely associated with the pathological process of MODS. The mechanism of organ damage probably attributes to the damage of extra-celluar matrix and tissue construction.

14.
Chinese Journal of Pancreatology ; (6): 9-11, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-395317

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the protective effects of alpha-lipoie acid (ALA) against beta-cell damage in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes in rats. Methods Thirty SD rats were randomly divided into three groups: normal control (NC) group, STZ group and ALA + STZ group, with 10 rats in each group. mg/kg, intraperitoneal injection), till the end of the study (4 weeks later). Blood glucose were measured every 3 days after STZ injection. Malondialdehyde (MDA) and reduced glutathione (GSH) levels were measured in pancreatic homogenates. Pancreatic beta-cells were examined by immunohistocbemical methods, Results STZ induced a significant increase of the level of blood glucose. Body weight of rats in ALA + STZ group was (341±26)g, which significantly lower than (368±3)g in NC group, and high than (301±2)g in STZ group with stas(P < 0. 05). Meanwhile the MDA levels in STZ group and NC group were(1.22 ± 0. 14) and(0.57 ± 0.04)nmoL/mg prot, respectively, and there was significant difference between the two groups (P < 0.05) ; the GSH levels in STZ group and NC group were(16.54 ± 1.10) and(25.46 ± 0.62) mg/g prot (P < 0.05), respectively; degeneration of islet cells and decreased blood glucose were observed in STZ + ALA-pretreated rats; MDA level in pancreatic homogenates was(0.72 ± 0. 23)nmoL/mg prot, which was significantly lower than that in STZ group (P < 0.05) ; the GSH level was (35.33 ± 2.66) mg/g prot, which was significantly higher than that in STZ group (P < 0.05) ; increased staining of insulin and preservation of islet ceils functions were more obvious in the STZ + ALA-pretreated rats. Conclusions ALA exerted its protective effect through reducing the oxidative stress and preserving pancreatic beta-cell integrity.

15.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-623639

ABSTRACT

To improve the training quality of medical students,the questionnaire investigation was carried out to evaluate the effects of early clinic education course,which has provided us with the evidence to amend the teaching contents,teaching model,teaching methods.

16.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-622989

ABSTRACT

The article expounds the significance of teaching foreign medical students in English to the internationalization of the higher learning in China,and discusses the problems and challenges that will be met in the teaching practice as well as the way to solve the problems

17.
Journal of Medical Research ; (12)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-558496

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the change of neutrophil elastase and matrix metalloproteinase-9 in sepsis and determine significance in the early diagnosis and prognosis of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome.Methods The plasma levels of neutrophil elastase and matrix metalloproteinase-9 in 28 ICU patients with sepsis were examined by immunofluorescence.Results Compared with control group,the levels of NE and MMP-9 were significantly higher on the day of the diagnosis of sepsis(P

18.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-575325

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes of thrombomodulin and matrix metalloproteinase-9 in sepsis and determine their significance in the early diagnosis and prognosis of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. Methods The plasma levels of thrombomodulin and matrix metalloproteinase-9 in 32 ICU patients with sepsis were measured by immunofluorescence. Results Compared with control group,the levels of TM and MMP-9 were significantly higher on the day of the diagnosis of sepsis(P

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