Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 15 de 15
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons ; : 171-183, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001628

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#Understanding the lingual nerve’s precise location is crucial to prevent iatrogenic injury. This systematic review seeks to determine the lingual nerve’s most probable topographical location in the posterior mandible. @*Materials and Methods@#Two electronic databases were searched, identifying studies reporting the lingual nerve’s position in the posterior mandible.Anatomical data in the vertical and horizontal dimensions at the retromolar and molar regions were collected for meta-analyses. @*Results@#Of the 2,700 unique records identified, 18 studies were included in this review. In the vertical plane, 8.8% (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.0%-21.7%) and 6.3% (95% CI, 1.9%-12.5%) of the lingual nerves coursed above the alveolar crest at the retromolar and third molar regions. The mean vertical distance between the nerve and the alveolar crest ranged from 12.10 to 4.32 mm at the first to third molar regions. In the horizontal plane, 19.9% (95% CI, 0.0%-62.7%) and 35.2% (95% CI, 13.0%-61.1%) of the lingual nerves were in contact with the lingual plate at the retromolar and third molar regions. @*Conclusion@#This systematic review mapped out the anatomical location of the lingual nerve in the posterior mandible, highlighting regions that warrant additional caution during surgeries to avoid iatrogenic lingual nerve injuries.

2.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 653-659, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930491

ABSTRACT

Antipyretic-analgesics are currently one of the most prescribed drugs in children.The clinical application of antipyretic-analgesics for children in our country still have irrational phenomenon, which affects the therapeutic effect and even poses hidden dangers to the safety of children.In this paper, suggestions were put forward from the indications, dosage form/route, dosage suitability, pathophysiological characteristics of children with individual differences and drug interactions in the symptomatic treatment of febrile children, so as to provide reference for the general pharmacists when conducting prescription review.

3.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 210-223, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879268

ABSTRACT

Brain-computer interface (BCI) is a revolutionizing human-computer Interaction, which is developing towards the direction of intelligent brain-computer interaction and brain-computer intelligent integration. However, the practical application of BCI is facing great challenges. The maturity of BCI technology has not yet reached the needs of users. The traditional design method of BCI needs to be improved. It is necessary to pay attention to BCI human factors engineering, which plays an important role in narrowing the gap between research and practical application, but it has not attracted enough attention and has not been specifically discussed in depth. Aiming at BCI human factors engineering, this article expounds the design requirements (from users), design ideas, objectives and methods, as well as evaluation indexes of BCI with the human-centred-design. BCI human factors engineering is expected to make BCI system design under different use conditions more in line with human characteristics, abilities and needs, improve the user satisfaction of BCI system, enhance the user experience of BCI system, improve the intelligence of BCI, and make BCI move towards practical application.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brain , Brain-Computer Interfaces , Electroencephalography , Ergonomics , User-Computer Interface
4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1229-1232, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865980

ABSTRACT

Standards for Prescription Review in Medical Institutions puts forward higher requirements for the pharmacists' ability to review prescriptions, and the dispensing pharmacist should review the legality, standardization, and suitability of the prescription. Centralized training helps to improve the pharmaceutical care capacity and promote the rational use of drugs in hospitals. The centralized training course system designed by our hospital includes four modules: laws and regulations, prescription suitability review for drugs commonly used in each department, prescription suitability review for drugs used in the special population, and prescription suitability review for specialty drugs. The training system has the characteristics of homogeneity and standardization. A combination of theoretical courses and practical exercises, as well as the introduction of problem-based learning and case-based learning, holds promise for application in the training of dispensing pharmacists.

5.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1561-1566, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513455

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To explore the role of clinical pharmacists in the treatment of critical patients at perinatal stage. METHODS:During the treatment process of 4 critical patients at perinatal stage,according to the patients'special pathophysiolog-ic status (such as urea cycle disorder,dyslipidemia,severe infection,can not recover circulating blood volume rapidly,etc.), weighing the order of priority,based on relevant guidelines and literatures,clinical pharmacists provided individual medication ad-vices in respects of drug selection,medication timing,treatment course,drug combination and dosage adjustment,such as using cefuroxime,reduced glutathione,ursodesoxycholic acid,etc.,stopping drugs timely or adjusting antibiotics therapy plan. They al-so provided pharmaceutical care as lab index determination and ADR monitoring. RESULTS:Physicians adopted clinical pharma-cists'advices,and then 4 critical patients were all recovered. CONCLUSIONS:During the treatment course of critical patients at perinatal stage,clinical pharmacists should select safe and effective drugs as much as possible and adjust therapy plan in time ac-cording to clinical symptoms. When the security runs counter to effectiveness,clinical pharmacists should fully weigh the advantag-es and disadvantages and guarantee the maximum safety of pregnant or delivery women and fetuses.

6.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 553-555, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-446905

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the pharmacokinetics of ephedrine hydrochloride in rats after intragastric administration of Shegan mixtures. Methods:Shegan mixtures (1. 0 ml/100 g) were administered to each rat by gavage. Blood samples were collected after the administration. Plasma concentration of ephedrine hydrochloride was determined by LC-MS/MS. The pharmacokinetic parame-ters of ephedrine hydrochloride were obtained using the pharmacokinetic software. Urine and fecal samples were collected in 24 hours after the administration using metabolic cage to determine the recovery of ephedrine hydrochloride. Results: The pharmacokinetic pa-rameters of ephedrine hydrochloride were as follows:Tmax of (1. 30 ± 0. 23)h,T1/2 of (21. 17 ± 1. 35)h, Cmax of (278. 86 ± 46. 41)ng ·ml-1,AUC0~∞ of (1221.98 ±412.64)ng·ml-1 and Vc/F of (1.70 ±0.15)L. Totally 85.66% ephedrine hydrochloride could be recovered from urine in 24 hours after the administration;however, it was not detected in the fecal samples. Conclusion: Most of e-phedrine hydrochloride is excreted through kidney in 24h,therefore, Shegan mixtures can't cause the accumulation of ephedrine hydro-chloride in rats.

7.
Herald of Medicine ; (12): 985-987, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454834

ABSTRACT

Objective To study absorption of shegan heji marker components in blood and their excretion in urine and feces of rats, after intragastric administration of shegan heji. Methods LC-MS/MS was used for determination of marker compounds. Rat metabolic cage technology was employed. Results Excretion of marker components were completed 24 hours after administration. Conclusion Ephedrine can be excreted from rats within 24 hours. The possibility of mutual transformation of flavonoids exists in the body. Taking shegan heji will not cause accumulation of ephedrine and flavonoids in the body.

8.
China Pharmacy ; (12)2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-529455

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To establish a HPLC method for the determination of plasma level of cefuroxime in experimental dogs. METHODS: 1. 0mL plasma samples were taken from experimental dogs at different time after intravenous injection of cefuroxime sodium 50mg? kg-1. Following pretreatment, the samples were subjected to determination on XDB-C18 chromatographic column. The mobile phase consisted of CH3CN-1‰ ( NH4) 2SO4 ( 12∶ 88) with a flow rate of 1. 0mL? min-1. The detection wavelength was 273nm and the column temperature was 25℃ . The quantification was performed by external standard method. RESULTS: Good linear relationship was achieved when the detection concentration of cefuroxime was within the range of 0. 5~ 250? g? ml-1( r=0. 999 5) . The average recovery of cefuroxime was 97. 76~ 116. 00% ( RSD

9.
China Pharmacy ; (12)2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-533830

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish evaluation system and quality management of dispensing department in hospital and provide basis for comprehensive and correct assessment of pharmacy dispensing work.METHODS:Based on the platform of human resource management,the flow and job responsibility of drug dispensing were adjusted."Drug dispensing work quality management specification and performance evaluation system" was established and put into practice.RESULTS:Drug dispensing quality management had criteria and principles to go by.The level of management staff were improved dramatically.58.3% of department administrators were younger than 40 years old,who were recruited and went on duty after passing examination.CONCLUSION:"Drug dispensing work quality management specification and performance evaluation system" is the comprehensive requirement of effectively ensuring the quality of drug dispending work and safety of drug utilization and reflects the standard and scientific management of drug dispensing.

10.
China Pharmacy ; (12)2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-529239

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To develop a method for the determination of midazolam in child plasma.METHODS:Plasma level of midazolam in twenty two ICU children with mechanical ventilation was detected by solid-phase extraction-HPLC after treatment with midazolam for 24h.The separation was performed on Zorbax Eclipse XDB C18 column with acetonitrile — 7.56mmol? L-1 ammonium sulfate(gradient elution) as mobile phase.The flow rate was 1.0mL? min-1,the column temperature was 25℃ and the wavelength of UV detector was 254nm.RESULTS:The calibration curves for midazolam had a good linearity over the range of 0.05~ 25.00mg? L-1(r=0.999 8).The average recovery for midazolam was 99.29%.Both the intra-day RSD and inter-day RSD were less than 4%.The limits of quantitation for midazolam was 0.01mg? L-1.CONCLUS-ION:The method is sensitive,accurate,simple and rapid,and applicable for clinical blood drug level monitoring of midazolam.

11.
China Pharmacy ; (12)2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-528345

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To establish HPLC method for the determination of plasma etoposide level in children with leukemia. METHODS: The determination was performed on column Hypersil ODS. The mobile phase was water-methanol (45∶55) and the wavelength for detection was 284nm. RESULTS: The intraday recovery ranged from 93.56 to 96.24% with SD ranged at 1.07%~2.63%, and the inter-day recovery ranged from 92.85% to 94.26% with SD ranged at 3.55%~5.89%. CONCLUSION: This method is simple and sensitive, showed a good specificity, and suitable for the determination of etoposide in clinic samples.

12.
China Pharmacy ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-527834

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the pathogenic organism of sepsis in children with tumor and its drug sensitivity for references of clinical medication.METHODS:The drug sensitivity of hemoculture samples of children with neoplastic hema-tologic disorder was detected by paper disk method.RESULTS:Of the total109pathogenic bacteria isolated from hemoculture samples,60(55.0%)were gram-positive(G + )bacteria,47(43.1%)were gram-negative(G - )bacteria and2(1.8%)were fungi.Vancomycin,teicoplanin and aminoglycosides were more sensitive to G + bacteria,while carbopenems and cefoperazone/sulbactam were more sensitive to G - bacteria.CONCLUSIONS:In treating sepsis in children with tumor,the choice of drugs should be based on the drug sensitivity test,the possibility of G + and G - bacteria infections should be considered in empiric treatment and the possibility of mycotic infection should also be considered after long-term administration of antibacterials.

13.
Chinese Journal of Nosocomiology ; (24)1994.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-586341

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the distribution of pathogenic bacteria and clinic antibiotics usage in children′s hospital and provide basis for reasonable use of antibiotics. METHODS K-B disk agar diffusion method was adopted to detect drug susceptibility in vitro.Chi-square test was used to analyze the data. RESULTS Among all the pathogenic bacteria the proportion of Gram-negative bacteria was 67.1%,the first five predominant species were Escherichia coli,Klebsiella pneumonii,Enterobacter cloacae,Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter calcoaceticus/baumannii,accounted for 21%,16%,6.3%,6.0% and 6.0%,respectively.Piperacillin,cefuroxime and cefotaxime showed resemble curves of time-antimicrobial resistance. CONCLUSIONS Gram-negative bacteria are the main pathogens in children′s hospital.Resistance rates of most bacteria against the second and the third generation cephalosporins have increased markedly.Obvious mutiple-antimicrobial resistance exists among antibiotics with resemble structures and antimicrobial mechanisms.The trend of change in antibiotics′ resistance is parallel with that of the drug′s quantity used.Rotative principles may be applied to the usage of antibiotics.

14.
China Pharmacy ; (12)1991.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-528866

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To discusses the influencing factors on the safety and efficacy of pediatric drugs.METHODS:The errors in administration of pediatric drugs were analyzed.The drugs under current use in the pediatric pharmacy of our hospital were classified and compared as per quantity,dosage form,specification,medication safety, direction and medicine evaluation. RESULTS: The influencing factors mainly included the subjective factors(wrong drug treatment) and the objective factors (pharmaceutical factors and social factors) .CONCLUSION: To safeguard the efficacy and safety of pediatric drugs, it' s advisable that an evaluation or control system for rational use of pediatric drugs be established with the participation of the society, the hospital and patients.

15.
China Pharmacy ; (12)1991.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-523948

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To provide reference information for the adoptation of fast drug dispensing model in hospital pharmacy of China.METHODS:The procedure of fast drug dispensing system(FDDS)was analysed and compared with tradi?tional dispensing system in advantages and disadvantages.RESULTS:FDDS could raise the speed,accuracy of drug dispensing and improve the quality of pharmaceutical service.CONCLUSION:FDDS is suitable for drug dispensing in large-scale hospi?tals.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL