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1.
Journal of Modern Laboratory Medicine ; (4): 144-146, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507175

ABSTRACT

Objective Analyzes the condition of serum 25-hydroxy Vitamin D (25OHD)level of partial middle and old age physical examinations in Yinchuan area.Methods Tested the level of serum 25OHD of 1 520 cases of senile medical with electrochemiluminescence immunoassay (ECLIA)in October 2013 to September 2014 in Yinchuan,NingXia.exclusion of liv-er,kidney,cancer,diabetes and other diseases,and statistical analysis of each age group and one year 25-(OH)D distribution. Compared gender and 50~59,60~69,>70 years at different ages and spring,summer,autumn,winter four seasons 25OHD level distribution.Results All the mean level was 14.67±8.26 ng/ml.The lack and deficiency of Vitamin D account was 80.66%,and the female was 84.49% significantly higher than the male 74.96% (t=2.03,P<0.05).Used divide subjects into fore groups:the lack (42.76%),the deficiency (37.90%),nomal (13.68%)and good (5.66%)by the level of serum 25OHD.Vitamin D nutritional status was different in person of different ages.Fuither linear correlation analys showedgative correlation between the level of serum 25OHD and age (r=0.16,P<0.01).There was seasonal variation in the level of ser-um 25OHD (F=19.30,P<0.001).It was highest in summer,and lower in spring and winter.Conclusion Vitamin D of middle-aged and old people in Yinchuan was general deficiency,which should pay more attention and actively treatment to these patients.

2.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 666-668, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495797

ABSTRACT

The cases of cardiac arrest are increasing because of the increased incidence of cardiovascular diseases. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is the necessary measure to rescue these patients. But the success rate of recovery is still low. Acid-base disturbance is one of the important factors affecting the recovery effect. Overseas and domestic studies in recent years focused on the acid-base changes and mechanism in CPR have founded that it exits extraordinary hypercapnia and CO2 spike, which have important guidance to the clinical work. The research for the arterial blood gas analysis during CPR, changes in the exact time, and treatment of hypercapnia and acid-basic change in different etiology and different populations were very few, therefore the a lot of clinical data is needed to accumulate for further study.

3.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 1830-1832,1836, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-605949

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the significance of 25 ( OH )-vitamin D in its diagnostic value of primary biliary cirrhosis. Methods:44 cases with PBC,41 cases with Hepatitis B cirrhosis and 110 normal people as control group were all analyzed bi-ochemical results and significance of serum 25 ( OH )-vitamin D. We Used receiver operator characteristic curve ( ROC ) to analyze serum 25(OH)-vitamin D in its diagnostic value of primary biliary cirrhosis. Results:Biochemical results of TBIL,DBIL,IBIL,GLB, AST,ALT,ALP,γ-GT were higher in PBC than that in normal people and Hepatitis B cirrhosis. While the serum 25(OH)-vitamin D of PBC was much more lower than that in normal and people and Hepatitis B cirrhosis. The difference between them were statistical difference(P<0. 05). The area under the ROC curve of PBC was 0. 926,it showed serum 25(OH)-vitamin D diagnosis for PBC had quite value. When the cut-off level of serum 25(OH)-vitamin D was 17. 275 ng/ml,the sensitivity for the diagnosis was 92. 8%,the re-spectively was 84. 1%. Conclusion:Serum 25(OH)-vitamin D diagnosis for PBC has quite value,the cut-off level of serum 25(OH)-vitamin D is 17. 275 ng/ml.

4.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 607-610, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-480948

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of Danshen Duofensuanyan on the blood coagulation,inflammatory and cardiac function in acute myocardial infarction(AMI) patients who did not accept emergency percutaneous coronary intervention.Methods One hundred and twenty patients,from January 2012 to November 2014 in the First Hospital of Qinhuangdao admission due to acute myocardial infarction frequent episodes of angina(Killip grade Ⅱ,grade m),were randomly divided into two groups:control group (n =60) and observation group (n =60).All patients suffered from severe angina after AMI and heart failure but without PCI.All included patients were gave antiplatelet drug,anticoagulants and Statins,etc.And the patients in observation group were additionally given 7-day Danshen Duofensuanyan injection 200 mg/d once daily intravenously.Platelet aggregation rate (PAG),fibrinogen (FIB),c-reaction protein (CRP),erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR),troponin Ⅰ (TNI),plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and left ventricular end diastolic dimension(LVEDD),left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and cardiac output (CO) of two group were monitored before and after treatment.Results (1)Changes in coagulation,inflammatory cytokines and enzymes between the treatment group and the control group after treatment (Treatment Group:PAG (22.32 ±17.61) %,FIB(3.58±0.74) g/L,CRP(9.34±1.82) mg/L,ESR(10.1±4.6) mm/1 h,TNI(4.51± 1.89) ng/ml);control group:PAG(31.32±21.62)%,FIB(3.84±0.62) g/L,CRP (14.32±1.79) mg/L,ESR(13.2 ± ±5.4) mm/1 h,TNI(5.32±2.31) μg/L) and before treatment(Treatment group:PAG(88.87± 18.21) %,FIB (4.78±0.97) g/L,CRP(32.13±11.59) mg/L,ESR(28.5±6.1) mm/1 h,TNI (56.43 ± 21.87) μg/L);control group:PAG (89.53± 19.35) %,FIB (4.66 ± 0.78) g/L,CRP (29.06± 12.47) mg/L,ESR (29.3 ± 3.2) mm/1 h,TNI (53.69± 18.76) μg/L) were significandy improved,and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.01),and observation group had more significant improvements than the control group(P<0.05 or P <0.01) after treatment.(2) All aboved indexes were improved after treatment except LVEDD.And Danshen Duofensuanyan can significantly improve PAG,FIB,CRP,ESR,TNI,BNP LVEF and CO(P<0.05 or P <0.01).Conclusion Danshen Duofensuanyan can effectively improve the blood rheology and the frequency of angina,and then improve heart functions.

5.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 795-797,802, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-601507

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the causes of false-positive anti-HCV in non-syndromic cleft lip and palate with serum chemiluminescence test. Methods:We performed a hospital-based,case-control study of 4 050 patients with non-syndromic cleft lip and palate and 8 547 control patients without cleft lip and palate to evaluate associations between positive anti-HCV and non-syndromic cleft lip and palate. CLIA test were used for detect anti-HCV in control group. RIBA and FQ-PCR were used for confirming the result of the positive samples of CLIA test. CLIA test were used for detect anti-HCV in case group until CLIA test was negative. IgG,RF and ANA were used for case-control comparisons. Results:The detection rate of anti-HCV were higher in the case group than that of control group (P<0. 05). The false-positive rate was 1 percent based on testing of 4 050 patients. These samples were negative after opration 1-19 months. There were no change among IgG, RF and ANA in the false-positivepatients. Conclusion: False-positive anti-HCV in non-syndromic cleft lip was possible associated with abnormal plasma metabolic product. It can be excluded by track monitoring.

6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1175-1183, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-240566

ABSTRACT

To study the expression and distribution of neuropeptide Y (NPY) and long leptin receptor (OB-Rb) in the gastrointestinal tract of giant panda, samples of three animals were collected from the key laboratory for reproduction and conservation genetics of endangered wildlife of Sichuan province, China conservation and research center for the giant panda. Paraffin sections of giant panda gastrointestinal tissue samples were observed using hematoxylin-eosin staining (HE) and strept actividin-biotin complex immunohistochemical staining (IHC). The results show that the intestinal histology of three pandas was normal and no pathological changes, and there were rich single-cell and multi-cell mucous glands, long intestinal villi and thick muscularis mucosa and muscle layer. Positive cells expressing NPY and OB-Rb were widely detected in the gastrointestinal tract by IHC methods. NPY positive nerve fibers and neuronal cell were widely distributed in submucosal plexus and myenteric plexus, especially in the former. They were arranged beaded or point-like shape. NPY positive cells were observed in the shape of ellipse and polygon and mainly located in the mucous layer and intestinal glands. OB-Rb positive cells were mainly distributed in the mucous layer and the laminae propria, especially the latter. These results confirmed that NPY and OB-Rb are widely distributed in the gut of the giant panda, which provide strong reference for the research between growth and development, digestion and absorption, and immune function.


Subject(s)
Animals , China , Intestines , Metabolism , Neuropeptide Y , Genetics , Metabolism , Receptors, Leptin , Genetics , Metabolism , Ursidae , Genetics , Metabolism
7.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 2848-2849,2852, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-599655

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the influence of life quality for the breast cancer patients receiving chemotherapy after the cog-nitive ,behavioral and psychological intervention to their spouse .Methods 120 breast cancer patients received standardized chemo-therapy and their spouses ,and divided into control and intervention groups .The intervention group receive the routine care and health guidance .Before and after chemotherapy ,the life quality of patients was investigated .The data was analyzed statistically .Re-sults The result by the breast cancer patients Quality of Life Questionnaire in Chinese (FACT-B) show that ,the scores of the con-trol and intervention groups in the physiological status ,social/family status ,emotional status ,functional status ,additional attention andtotalscorewere(18.77±4.18,16.48±4.60,17.35±4.41,16.04±4.80,20.81±6.02,89.45±6.34 ;22.46±3.57,19.03± 4 .83 ,18 .58 ± 3 .96 ,18 .59 ± 4 .48 ,24 .73 ± 5 .63 ,103 .39 ± 8 .91) .The scores of intervention groups was increased significantly than the control group .The data was analyzed statistically .Conclusion The quality of life of patients was improved by the cognitive ,be-havioral and psychological guidance and intervention to the spouse of breast cancer chemotherapy patients.

8.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 523-529, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-419847

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of early quantified analysis of perinatal white matter injury by cranial ultrasound gray scale measurement. MethodsThe cranial ultrasound exam was performed in 152 newborns with different gestational age0 early after their birth. These newborns were divided into two groups: 104 newborns diagnosed as white matter injury within 7 days after birth were taken as patient group; while 48 newborns who were not were taken as control group. The gray scale values in the trigone of lateral ventricle of white matter were analyzed by medical image analysis system. The newborns in patient group accepted cranial ultrasound exam at one month after birth, the grey scale value and cyst in the white matter were recorded. Three to six months old, the cranial ultrasound exam was repeated to record the change of white matter volume, morphology of lateral ventricle and change of the cysts. When they were 1.5 to 2 years old, the neurological function were quantitatively evaluated with Gesell score, and the results were classified as normal and abnormal.The relationships between gray scale value and neuro-developmental outcome were analyzed with receiver operating characteristic curve.Results During neonatal period, the average gray scale values in severely injured group was 131.72±2.40, higher than that of mildly injured group (116.61±2.48), and which in mildly injury group was higher than that in control group (100.50±1.66) (q=4. 521 and 4. 492, P<0. 05). It was showed by receiver operating characteristic curve that gray scale value >114.37 could help to diagnose white matter injury, with the sensitivity of 0. 721 and the specificity of 0. 854; gray scale value >119.80 could help to diagnose severe white matter injury,with the sensitivity of 0. 716 and the specificity of 0. 776.As the gray scale value increased, the incidence of white matter volume decreased and the enlargement of lateral ventricle in the later period of injury increased. Patients with gray scale value > 130 tended to suffer from leucomalacia. During neonatal period, the incidence of abnormal neurodevelopment before 2 years old was 5.0% in patients with gray scale value < 110, while it was 27.8 % in the patients with gray scale value between 110 and 120, 47.8% in the patients with gray scale value > 120.Conclusions Quantified analysis of ultrasound gray scale value might be promising in early diagnosis of perinatal white matter injury through early judgement of the outcomes of white matter injury and forward neurodevelopment.

9.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 128-130, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-391317

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the effects of different surgical techniques for treatment of concealed penis. Methods A retrospective review of 219 patients underwent surgical correction of concealed penis between 1986 and 2007 was performed. The mean age was (10.3±2.4) years(3-15 years). The penile length was (1.9±0. 5)cm(0. 5-3. 0 cm)before operation. Ninty-three patients were the severe degree of concealed penis. The others were the moderate degree. All patients under-went operation with different techniques, including Johnston's technique in 34, Devine's technique in 42, modified Devinds technique in 125 and Brisson's technique in 18. The increased length of penile af-ter operation was compared among the 4 groups with different surgical techniques by statistical meth-od. Results The postoperative increased length of penile in Johnston's technique, Devine's tech-nique, modified Devine's technique and Brisson's technique was (1.8 ± 0. 4) cm, (2. 0 ± 0. 5) cm, (2.1±0.4)cm and (2.3±0.4)cm respectively. The difference was significant by ANOVA test (F=13.1,P<0. 001). Devines technique, modified DevineSs technique and Brisson's technique were better than Johnston's technique considering the increased length of penile. The complication of severe penile lymphedema of 4 groups developed in 8, 5, 6 and 2 patients respectively. Conclusion Modified De-vine's technique has the satisfactory increasing of penile length for treatment of concealed penis and less complication rate after operation.

10.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 677-679, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-386976

ABSTRACT

Objective To study cutaneous ultrastructural changes and FERMT1 gene mutations in a patient with Kindler syndrome. Methods Clinical data were collected, and tissue samples obtained from the lesions of poikiloderma were observed by using transmission electron microscopy. Fifteen coding exons and their flanking sequences of the FERMT1 gene were amplified by PCR and DNA sequencing was followed.Results Reduplication of lamina densa was seen between the dermal-epidermal junctions of the lesional skin. The patient was found to be homozygous for a novel splice-site mutation (IVS9 + 1G > A) in FERMT1 gene, and his parents were heterozygous for it. The mutation was undetected in fifty normal control individuals.Conclusions Transmission electron microscopy may serve as an ancillary examination for the diagnosis of Kindler syndrome. The IVS9+1G>A mutation of FERMT1 gene may contribute to the clinical phenotype of Kindler syndrome in this patient.

11.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 265-267, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-395675

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the imaging characteristics of vesical leukoplakia under the cys-toscope imaging system. Methods The characteristics of vesical leukoplakia were observed under the cystoscope imaging system in 556 cases. After anti-infection treatment to these patients, the chan-ges of the characteristic under the cystoseope imaging system were re-observed and compared before and after treatment. SPSS 11.0 software package x2 teat for statistical analysis was used. Results Under the cystoscope imaging system, there were four different imaging manifestations in the 556 pa-tients. These were, from mild to severe, congestive type in 42 cases, spots type in 56 cases, thin macular type in 399 cases and thick macular type in 59 cases. One type could transform to another af-ter anti-infection treatment. When reexamination by the cystoscope, 131 cases got improved, 304 cases had no changes and 121 cases were aggravated. Statistical analysis showed the transformation among the 4 types had significant difference (x2 = 130.92, v=6, P<0.001). From congestive type to spots type, thin macular type and thick macular type, after anti-infection treatment, the ratio of improved cases decreased gradually, however the ratio of aggravated cases and cases without changes increased gradually. Conclusion Vesical leukoplakia could be classified into 4 types initially: congestive type,spots type, thin macular type, thick macular type. The different clinical treatments should be provid-ed.

12.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 1076-1079, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-392659

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the apoptosis mediated by cisplatin on human colorectal tumors (HCT116) cell line and its mechanisms in vitro. Methods The apoptosis levels of HCT116 cells mediated by cisplatin at vari-ous time and in different concentration were measured by M30-ApoptosisTM -ELISA-kits and flow cytometry assay. The expressions of the protein p53,p21 and Bcl-2 were assessed through Western-Blotting. Results Cisplatin in-hibited the proliferation in a time-and dose -dependant manner ( F = 1129. 383, P = 0. 000 and F = 125. 267, P = 0. 000, respectively). The sub-G1 peak detected by flow cytometry at 24,48,72 hours of the apoptosis rates showed a significant difference between the experimental group and the control group (χ2= 5. 669,14.110,12. 221, P = 0. 010,0.003,0. 000,respectively). We found significant differences on the HCT116 cell growth between different time under cisplatin effect (χ2 = 14.008 ,P =0. 003 ). There were significant difference on the CK18-Asp237-Asp396 re-leased by HCT116 cell between different casplatin concentration (F =48. 667 ,P =0.000) as well as different times ( F = 1194. 394, P = 0.000). The Western-Blotting results indicated that the expression level of the p53 ( t = 9.873, -2.906,7. 229,2.776,P =0.000,0. 007,0. 000,0. 011 ) and p21 (t = - 10. 692, - 8. 867, - 15. 063, - 16.281, P = 0. 000,0.001,0.000,0.000 ,respectively) increased gradually, while there are no effect on the expression of the protein Bcl-2(t=1.429,2.011,2.247,2.001,P=0. 178,0.069,0.053,0.062,respectively). Conclusions Cis-platin can induce the apoptosis on HCT116 cells and thus inhibit the reproduction of tumor cells by recovering the function of p.53.

13.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-590247

ABSTRACT

Objective This study was designed to investigate the importance of H2S in rats with adriamycin-induced dilated cardiomyopathy.Methods Weight-matched adult male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 5 groups as follows:(1)the ADR group(n=12)where adriamycin(2.5 mg/kg)was given once a week;(2)ADR + small-dose NaHS group(n=12)where NaHS solution [2.8 ?mol/(kg?d)] was given;(3)ADR+large-dose NaHS group(n=12)where NaHS solution [14 ?mol/(kg?d)] was given;(4)the control group(n=9)where physiological saline was administered instead of adriamycin.(5)NaHS group(n=9)where NaHS solution [14 ?mol/(kg?d)]was given.Hemodynamic and echocardiographic measurements were carried out after treatment.Histological examination was implemented at the 10th week after the rats were sacrificed.Meanwhile,H2S concentrations in serum and myocardial tissues were evaluated by modified sulfide electrode method.Results The heart function of ADR rats decreased obviously.Pathological examination demonstrated that characteristics consistentwith cardiomyopathy were found in ADR group.H2S concentrations in serum and myocardial tissues of the rats in ADR group were both significantly decreased as compared with those in the control group(both P

14.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6)2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-559182

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the effect of Interleukin(IL)-17 on neutrophil apoptosis and try to explain the possible mechanism involved. Methods: Neutrophils isolated from healthy donors were incubated in enriched RPMI 1640 cell culture medium at 37 ℃ in 5% carbon dioxide. Subgroups were incubated with IL-17, heat-denatured IL-17 (X-IL-17), dexamethasone (DEX), or buffer alone. Apoptosis was assessed by morphologic changes, by detecting DNA strand breaks. Production of proapoptotic protein Bax by neutrophils was evaluated by immunocytochemistry. Results: At the time of neutrophil incubation, neutrophils in the control subsets exhibited morphologic evidence of apoptosis. A steady rise in apoptosis index (AI) was noted, with (1.54?0.08)% for 0 h, (11.48?1.80)% (compared with 0 h, P0.05) for 0 h, (20.47?6.22)% ( compared with control 12 h, P0.05).Neutrophils apoptosis was accompanied by DNA fragmentation. In all groups, the increasing of Bax immunoreactivity was strongly related with more apoptotic neutrophils (r=0.932, P

15.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12)2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-543956

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the expressions of Clara cell secretary protein (CC16) mRNA and protein in senile rats. Methods The histological changes, the level of CC16 mRNA in lung tissue and CC16 protein in terminal bronchioles and respiratory bronchioles were measured in 10 senile rats (at the age of 26 months) and compared with 7 young rats (aged 3 months). Results The epithelial cells lined up irregularly in respiratory bronchioles and mild emphysema were found in the senile group. Compared with young group,the level of CC16 mRNA was decreased[(0.08v1.71) vs (10. 02?4. 66) , P

16.
Journal of Chongqing Medical University ; (12)2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-581007

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the role of selective psychological intervention on peripheral blood cytokine(interleukin-2,interleukin-4,tumor necrosis factor-?)(IL-2,IL-4,TNF-?)and unhealthy emotion in patients with chemotherapeutical breast cance.Methods:Randomized-control study method was adopted.Eighty chemotherapeutical inpatients with breast cancer were divided into intervention group and control group(40 patients in each group).Patients in both groups received mutine chemotherapy and health education,while the intervention group also received selective psychological intervention.The psychological and behavior rating were observated with Zung anxiety scale(SAS)/Zung depression scale(SDS)and symptom checklist(SCL-90)pre-and three month post-chemotherapy.Psychological intervention methods were selected independently and completed by patients.The effect of selective psychological intervention on unhealthy emotions were observed in breast cancer inpatients undergoing chemotherapeutics.The changes of IL-2/IL-4/TNF-?in peripheral blood were detemined by radioimmunity.Results:The breast cancer inpatients in both groups were noticeably depressed after chemotherapy(P0.05).Conclusion:The selective psychological intervention could inhibit the unhealthy emotion of breast cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy and increase the content of some cytokines in peripheral blood,which may be related with immunity enhancement.

17.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 199-203, 2002.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-255408

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the morphological features, immunohistochemical speciality of the gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs), and its histogenesis as well.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The morphologic characteristics of GISTs were studied in 65 cases using light microscopy and 17 cases by electron microscopy. The expression of c-kit (CD117), CD34, vimentin, SMA, actin, desmin, S-100 and MBP were detected in all the cases with EnVision trade mark staining.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among 65 cases of GISTs, 46 were spindle cell type, 6 epithelioid cell type and 13 mixture type, equivalent to 85.5% (65 of 76) of all of the mesenchymal tumors of gastrointestinal tract admitted in the same period. The epithelioid cell type tumors composed of mainly the epithelioid cells, predominantly short spindle, oval or round in pattern, with an overall eosinophilic cytoplasm by hematoxylin-eosin stain. Focal cytoplasmic vacuolization was often seen. Sometimes signet-ring like cells and cells with a clear cytoplasm were seen in the epithelioid stromal tumor. The tumor cells arranged in interlacing fascicles forming whorls or sometimes cell clusters. Electronic microscopy showed the presence of interdigitating cell processes, in some areas, synapse-like structure and numerous desmosome-like junctions as well as a few gap junctions and small round neurosecretory granules. There were also abundant intermediate filaments and thin filaments of actin-type with longitudinal condensations (dense bodies). All of the 65 stromal tumors were strongly positive for vimentin (100%), 61 out of 65 tumors positive for CD117 (c-kit) (93.8%) and 51 out of 65 positive for CD34 (78.5%). Some cases also expressed SMA, actin, S-100 and MBP.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>GISTs were the most frequent mesenchymal tumor seen in the gastrointestinal tract. Under light microscope, the morphology of stromal tumors looks sometimes like a leiomyoma and Schwannoma. The application of immunohistochemical markers (particularly CD117 and CD34) and ultrastructural study are considered necessary for the differential diagnosis. GISTs may originate from the pluripotential precursor cells like the interstitial cells of Cajal.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , Immunohistochemistry , Leiomyoma , Microscopy, Electron , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit , Metabolism
18.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12)2000.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-520149

ABSTRACT

AIM: To examine the alteration of pathologic structure and gaseous molecules in rats with pulmonary hypertension induced by high pulmonary blood flow.METHODS: Aortocaval shunting was produced for 11 weeks in rats, and pulmonary hemodynamics was evaluated.Pulmonary vascular micro- and ultra- structure was also examined.Meanwhile,the concentration of plasma nitric oxide (NO) and carbon monoxide (CO) was measured by spectrophotometry.The expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) in pulmonary arteries was detected by immunohistochemistry.RESULTS: After 11- week aortocaval shunting,pulmonary artery mean pressure was significantly increased.Muscularization of small pulmonary vessels and relative medial thickness and area of pulmonary arteries were obviously increased in shunting rats compared with controls.Ultrastructure of intrapulmonary arteries changed obviously in shunting rats.Meanwhile,plasma NO concentration was increased and eNOS expression in pulmonary artery endothelial cells was significantly augmented in rats of shunting group.Plasma carbon monoxide level and HO-1 expression in puomonary artery smooth muscle cells,however,were not altered in shunting rats.CONCLUSIONS: Pulmonary vascular structural remodeling is the important pathologic basis of pulmonary hypertension induced by a left-to-right shunt,and NO other than CO might play an important regulating role in the development of high pulmonary blood flow-induced pulmonary hypertension.

19.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12)1998.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-538874

ABSTRACT

Objective To describe the effect of cannualted rasps in reduc in g the fat embolic risks during preparation for femoral canal in experimental tot al hip arthroplasty. Methods Twelve mongrels were used to perform resection of b ilateral femoral heads, and randomly assigned to one of two groups with six each . In experiment group, impacting cannulated rasp was used in preparing femoral c anal; while, in control group, impacting traditional rasp was used. Both the ras ps were of same shape; however, there was a 4 mm diameter canal inside the cannu lated rasp connecting its two ends. A bone hole was made through the lateral fem oral cortex to the femoral canal at a point 12 cm distal to the greater trochant er in order to measure the intramedullary pressure of femoral canal when the fem oral canal was prepared with either rasp. The pathology of the postmortem pulmon ary tissue was analyzed. Using quantitative morphometry, the size of fat embolus in the lung tissues and the volume proportion of lung tissues occluded by fat w ere measured respectively. The statistical differences between the two groups we re analyzed using t test. Results In control group, the intramedullary pressure during preparation of femoral canal with traditional rasp increased with a peak of (34.5?10.2)kPa, pulmonary fat emboli were found in all mongrels, the volum e proportion of postmortem lung tissue occluded by fat was 0.64%, and pulmonary arterial pressure increased to (2.2?0.4)kPa[the normal value was (0.8?0.3 )kPa]; while in the experiment group, the intramedullary pressure peak increas ed to (22.4?7.7)kPa, significantly lower than that of the control group; the volume proportion of lung tissue occluded by fat was 0.21% which was also signif icantly lower than that of the control group, and pulmonary arterial pressure wa s (1.7?0.4)kPa. The differences between the two groups were significant in al l measured values. Conclusion The present study suggests that conventional prepa ration of canal can cause an increase of intramedullary pressure, which may lead to pulmonary fat embolism and cardiopulmonary impairment. However, the cannulat ed rasp can decrease the volume proportion of lung tissue occluded by fat and al leviate the influence of preparation of canal on cardiopulmonary function.

20.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6)1954.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-682029

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of hemeoxygenease/carbon monoxide system on hypoxic pulumonary vascular structural remodeling. Methods Twenty six Wister rats were randomly divided into four groups:control groups( n =6),hypoxia group( n =7),hypxia+ZnPP group( n =6) and hypoxia+CO group( n =7).Pulmonary artery mean pressure(mPAP) of each rat was elaluated by using right cardiac catheterization,the ultrastructaral changes in intra acinar pulmonary muscularized arteries were observed. Results mPAP was significantly increased in hypoxic rats(22?2 31?mmHg)as compared with that of normal controls(16 57?2 51mmHg)( P

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