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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 546-554, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878041

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Breast cancer (BC) is a common malignancy with highly female incidence. So far the function of notoginsenoside R1 (NGR1), the extract from Panax notoginseng, has not been clearly elucidated in BC.@*METHODS@#Optimal culture concentration and time of NGR1 were investigated by cell counting kit-8 assay. Cell proliferation ability was measured by colony formation assays. Transwell assay was used to detect the effect of NGR1 on cell migration and invasion. The apoptosis rate of cells between each group was measured by TUNEL assay.@*RESULTS@#NGR1 treatment has an inhibitory effect on proliferation, migration, invasion, and angiogenesis and a stimulating effect on cell cycle arrest and apoptosis of Michigan Cancer Foundation-7 (MCF-7) cells. The 50% growth inhibitory concentration for MCF-7 cells at 24 h was 148.9 mmol/L. The proportions of MCF-7 cells arrested in the G0/G1 phase were 36.94±6.78%, 45.06±5.60%, and 59.46±5.60% in the control group, 75, and 150 mmol/L groups, respectively. Furthermore, we revealed that NGR1 treatment attenuates BC progression by targeted downregulating CCND2 and YBX3 genes. Additionally, YBX3 activates phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) signaling pathway by activating kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene, which is an activator of the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.@*CONCLUSION@#These results suggest that NGR1 can act as an efficacious drug candidate that targets the YBX3/PI3K/Akt axis in patients with BC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Rats , Apoptosis , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Cell Proliferation , Cyclin D2 , Ginsenosides/therapeutic use , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/genetics
2.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 329-337, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912874

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the mechanism of herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion in Crohn disease (CD) treatment by observing the effect of herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion on protein expressions of colonic M2 macrophage marker CD206, AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) 2. Methods: Twenty-six specific pathogen free male rats were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group and a herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion group. The CD model was prepared by enema with the mixture of 5% (W/V) 2,4,6- trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS) and 50% ethanol at 2:1 (volume ratio). After the model was successfully prepared, rats in the herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion group received herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion at Qihai (CV 6) and bilateral Tianshu (ST 25). Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the histopathological changes of rat colon; immunohistochemical technique was used to detect the expression of colonic CD206 protein; Western blot, immunofluorescence, and real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) technologies were used to detect the protein and mRNA expressions of colonic AMPK and TSC2. Results: Compared with the normal group, rats in the model group showed damaged colonic mucosa, missing of the epithelial layer, thickened submucosa, vascular proliferation, massive infiltration of monocytes and lymphocytes, and cracked ulcers that reached the muscle layer. Rats in the herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion group showed reduced intestinal inflammation and healing intestinal epithelium ulcers. Compared with the normal group, rat colonic CD206 protein expression, and the protein and mRNA expressions of colonic AMPK and TSC2 were decreased in the model group (all P<0.01); compared with the model group, rat colonic CD206 protein expression was increased (P<0.01), as well as the protein and mRNA expressions of AMPK and TSC2 in the herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion (all P<0.05). Conclusion: Herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion can reduce intestinal inflammation in CD rats, increase colonic CD206 protein expression, and up-regulate the protein and mRNA expressions of colonic AMPK and TSC2.

3.
Chinese Medical Equipment Journal ; (6): 87-89,93, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700000

ABSTRACT

Objective To propose a set of management methods for minimized risk and continuous improvement of medical equipment clinical trial.Methods The problems were summarized on pre-trial preparation,design and signing of informed consent,insurance-related issues,supervision and quality control,perception of adverse events,and then some countermeas-ures were put forward accordingly.Results A risk management system was established for medical equipment clinical trial whole-course management.Conclusion Planning,recognition and evaluation have to be implemented over all the links of medical equipment clinical trial risk management,and corresponding countermeasures should be carried out for minimized risk and continuous improvement.

4.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1286-1290, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-340523

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of intravenous injection of low-dose versus high-dose gamma globulin combined with glucocorticoid pulse therapy in the treatment of children with moderate/severe acute Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 100 children with moderate/severe acute GBS were randomly assigned to low-dose group (n=48) and high-dose group (n=52). The children in the low-dose and high-dose groups were treated with 0.2 g/(kg · d) and 0.4 g/(kg · d) gamma globulin respectively combined with methylprednisolone. The two groups were compared in terms of the time to improvements of symptoms after treatment, serum levels of inflammatory factors, proportion of children undergoing invasive ventilation, treatment response rate, and adverse events.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After 5 days of treatment, the low- and high-dose groups had significant reductions in serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-6, and C-reactive protein, and there were no significant differences in the reductions of these markers between the two groups. There were no significant differences between the two groups in the time to recovery of respiratory muscle paralysis, time to an improvement in muscle strength of one grade, time to recovery of sensory disturbance, and length of hospital stay. There was no significant difference in the treatment response rate between the low- and high-dose groups (90% vs 92%). There were also no significant differences in the incidence rates of pyrexia, headache, nausea, and palpitation between the two groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Low-dose versus high-dose gamma globulin combined with methylprednisolone pulse therapy have comparable clinical efficacy and safety in the treatment of children with moderate/severe acute GBS.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , C-Reactive Protein , Guillain-Barre Syndrome , Drug Therapy , Length of Stay , Methylprednisolone , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Blood , gamma-Globulins
5.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 984-986,991, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792547

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the influencing factors of osteoporosis (OP)and to provide evidence for OP prevention in community.Methods Questionnaire survey and BMD assessment were carried in the residents receiving physical examination in the center from 2013 to 2015,and multi -factor logistic regression and linear regression were used to analyze the related factors of OP.Results There were 368 subjects participated in this study,including 148 males (40.22%)and 220 females (59.78%).The average age was 64.14 ±8.04 years old.Eighty two subjects were checked out with OP,and the detection rate was 22.28%.In single -factor logistic regression analysis,the detection rate in females (34.09%)was significantly higher than that in males (4.73%)(P <0.001),and the detection rate increased with age (P =0.032).In multi -factor logistic regression analysis,old age (OR =1.08,95%CI:1.04 -1.12)and female (OR=13.46,95%CI:5.87 -31.82)were found having higher risk for OP,and subjects with high body mass index (BMI) had low risk for OP (OR =0.91,95% CI:0.83 -1.00).In multiple linear regression analysis,there was positive association between fish and shrimp consumption and bone mineral density (BMD)(P =0.021).Conclusion Age and female were risk factors of OP,and BMI and more fish and shrimp consumption were protective factors of OP.

6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 614-618, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330190

ABSTRACT

In this paper, actinomycetes were isolated from vermicompost by tablet coating method. Antimicrobial activities of actinomycetes were measured by the agar block method. Strains with high activity were identified based on morphology and biochemical characteristics, as well as 16S rDNA gene sequence analysis. The results showed that 26 strains of actinomycetes were isolated, 16 of them had antimicrobial activities to the test strains which accounts for 61.54% of all strains. Among the 16 strains, the strain QYF12 and QYF22 had higher antimicrobial activity to Micrococcus luteus, with a formed inhibition zone of 27 mm and 31 mm, respectively. While the strain QYF26 had higher antimicrobial activity to Bacillus subtilis, and the inhibition zone diameter was 21 mm. Based on the identification of strains with high activity, the strain QYF12 was identified as Streptomyces chartreusis, the strain QYF22 was S. ossamyceticus and the strain QYF26 was S. gancidicus. This study provided a theoretical basis for further separate antibacterial product used for biological control.


Subject(s)
Animals , Actinobacteria , Chemistry , Classification , Genetics , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Metabolism , Bacteria , Feces , Microbiology , Molecular Sequence Data , Oligochaeta , Phylogeny , Quality Control
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4288-4292, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341867

ABSTRACT

Endophytic fungi were isolated from Macleaya cordata growing in Dabie Mountain by agar-block method, and then the endophytic fungi were grouped into different types based on their morphological characteristics, and thin layer chromatography (TLC) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) were employed to determine whether the metabolic substances contained sanguinarine or not, and then preliminarily identified by morphological method. The results showed that the leaves hosted the largest number of endophytes (96 isolates) followed by the stems (57 isolates) and finally the roots (28 isolates), respectively. Based on morphological characteristics the endophytic fungi were grouped into 26 types in our study. TLC and HPLC results showed that there was sanguinarine in the metabolic substances of BLH 51 strain. According to the morphological characteristic, the BLH 51 strain was identified as Fusarium proliferatum. All these indicated that the medicinal plant M. cordata harbors abundant endophytes, which could be a new source for the search of active secondary metabolites.


Subject(s)
Benzophenanthridines , Metabolism , Endophytes , Fungi , Isoquinolines , Metabolism , Papaveraceae , Metabolism , Microbiology , Plant Leaves , Microbiology , Plant Roots , Microbiology , Plant Stems , Microbiology
8.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 691-696, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257692

ABSTRACT

Non-coding RNA is a kind of non-coding protein RNA which is widely present in most of the organisms. Non-coding RNA plays key roles in the embryonic development,cell fate determination,and growth control in the living organisms. MicroRNA and long non-coding RNA involve in differentiation of endocrine cell,insulin gene expression and secretion,and insulin resistance,which are closely associated with diabetes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Differentiation , Diabetes Mellitus , Gene Expression , Physiology , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental , Insulin , Insulin-Secreting Cells , Islets of Langerhans , Metabolism , MicroRNAs , RNA, Untranslated , Metabolism
9.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 872-875, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792331

ABSTRACT

Objective To examine the relationship between traditional Chinese medical (TCM)constitution and chronic diseases in order to provide suggestions to TCM health care and health management among community residents.Methods 3100 residents over 50 years old in 4 communities from Jiangdong district were selected by random sampling method. TCM constitution and prevalence of chronic diseases of residents were investigated by physical examination and questionnaire.Results 34.57% of the residents were living with the constitution of yin -yang harmony,while the constitution of phlegm -dampness was 21.38% which accounted for the most part of 8 biased constitutions.The percentages of constitution of blood stasis and phlegm-dampness among residents with chronic diseases were 22.77%and 2.57% respectively,which were significantly higher than those without (15.77% and 0.33% respectively).The percentage of constitution of blood stasis or phlegm-dampness among residents with hypertension was higher than those without.While among hyper-lipidemia residents,the positive rates of constitution of blood stasis,phlegm-dampness and allergic were higher,among residents with diabetes or cardio-cerebro-vascular diseases the positive rate of constitution of blood stasis was higher.Exercise,smoking and sleeping behavior were related to TCM constitution.The proportion of constitution of qi asthenia,damp-heat and qi stagnation among residents with low body mass index (BMI<18.5)was significantly larger.Conclusion TCM constitution among the middle -aged and the elderly was correlated to chronic diseases.Lack of exercise,smoking,irregular sleeping and low or high BMI were positively related to biased constitutions.

10.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 543-546, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357193

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics and prognostic factors of patients with pathological stage pN3 gastric cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective study of 310 patients with histologically confirmed pN3 stage gastric cancer undergoing radical gastrectomy from January 2000 to December 2006 in our department was performed. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the survival. Log-rank test and Cox regression model were carried out for univariate and multivariate analyses.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the patients were followed up for 2 to 103 (mean 35.7) months. The overall 5-year survival rate was 14.6%. There were 201 cases with stage pN3a and 109 cases with stage pN3b, and the 5-year survival rates were 16.8% and 10.3% respectively (P=0.013). Univariate analysis showed that tumor location, Borrmann type, depth of tumor invasion, surgical method, metastatic lymph node ratio, and pN stage were associated with postoperative survival (all P<0.05). The multivariate analysis revealed that depth of tumor invasion, surgical method and metastatic lymph node ratio were independent prognostic factors, while the pN stage was not. The difference of 5-year survival rate between pN3a and pN3b subgroups was significant in pT4a patients (16.1% vs. 12.8%, P=0.001), while such difference was not significant in pT4b patients (8.6% vs. 3.1%, P=0.137).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Prognosis of patients with pN3 stage gastric cancer after radical resection is poor. Depth of tumor invasion and surgical method are independent prognostic factors for pN3 stage gastric cancer. Metastatic lymph node ratio is valuable to predict the prognosis of pN3 stage patients. The pN3 staging of the 7th UICC provides a more accurate prediction of prognosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Follow-Up Studies , Gastrectomy , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Pathology , General Surgery
11.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 354-357, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-314784

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics and prognostic factors of bone metastasis in gastric cancer patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinicopathological data of 66 gastric cancer patients with bone metastasis, who were treated at the Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital from October 1997 to September 2011, were analyzed retrospectively. The clinicopathological characteristics of the primary cancer and bone metastasis were summarized and the prognosis was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of 66 patients, 4 underwent operation, 28 chemotherapy, 32 inhibitors of bone resorption,8 local treatment and 23 symptomatic treatment alone. The median survival time of these 66 patients was 5 months (95%CI:3.3-6.7 months). The 1-, 2- and 3-year survival rates were 9.1%, 3.0% and 1.5%, respectively. Univariate Log-rank test indicated that gender, bone metastasis combined with other distant metastasis and chemotherapy were significant prognostic factors (all P<0.05). Multivariate analysis revealed bone metastasis combined with other distant metastasis was an independent prognostic factor (P=0.011, RR=2.067, 95%CI:1.178-3.626).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Prognosis of patients with bone metastasis from gastric cancer is poor. Chemotherapy-based comprehensive treatment may improve the prognosis of these patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bone Neoplasms , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , Pathology
12.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 172-177, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-354752

ABSTRACT

Nuclear actin which plays a key role in many nucleic processes has become a research hotspot. Baculovirus is the only reported pathogen using nuclear actin to replicate and proliferate. However, little is known about the mechanism of monomeric G-actin accumulation within nuclei of baculovirus-infected cells. It has been reported that AcMNPV ie-1, pe38, ac4, he65, ac102, and ac152 could be required for mediating nuclear localization of G-actin from transiently transfected results in TN-368 cells. In this paper, we found that IE1, AC152, PE38, AC102 localized in the whole cell and PE38, AC102 localized in the nuclear mainly, while both AC4 and HE65 localized in cytoplasm and could be mediated into the nucleus by AC102 and IE1 respectively for the first time. And ie-1 or pe38, ac4, he65 could mediate nuclear G-actin to accumulate partly, while these four genes were sufficient for recruiting G-actin accumulation within the nucleus when driven by promoter OpIE2. Determining the functions of each of these AcMNPV NLA gene products will advance our understanding of baculovirus biology and function of nuclear actin.


Subject(s)
Animals , Actins , Genetics , Metabolism , Cell Nucleus , Genetics , Metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Viral , Nucleopolyhedroviruses , Genetics , Metabolism , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Protein Transport , Spodoptera , Metabolism , Virology , Viral Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism
13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 72-76, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323078

ABSTRACT

A series of paeonol derivatives have been synthesized by simple acylation and etherification of the paeonol. Anti-tumor activities of the synthesized compounds were evaluated against HeLa and MCF-7 cells lines in vitro by the standard MTT assay. It was found that the derivatives were more active against HeLa than MCF-7. The results also indicated that 4-methoxy group is the synergistic group of paeonol's anti-tumor activity and ketone carbonyl side chain is essential functional group of paeonol's anti-tumor activity. Compound 2d had stronger antiproliferative activities than paeonol against HeLa and MCF-7 cell lines with IC50 values of 2.67 and 4.74 micromol x L(-1) respectively. The results showed that paeonol derivatives were worth to be intensively studied further.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acetophenones , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Cell Proliferation , Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor , HeLa Cells , Inhibitory Concentration 50 , MCF-7 Cells , Structure-Activity Relationship
14.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 401-405, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-308779

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the protective effect of the prenatal use of tetrandrine (TET) against congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) in rats and possible mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Pregnant female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: control, nitrofen and TET treatment. The later two groups were administered with nitrofen by gavage on day 9.5 of gestation. On day 18.5 of gestation, TET (30 mg/kg) was given by gavage (once a day, for three days) in the TET treatment group. On day 21 of gestation, parts of pregnant rats were delivered by cesarean section and amniotic fluid was collected. The fetal rats were examined for a diaphragmatic hernia. Lung histologic evaluations with microscope and immunohistochemistry staining of TNF-α were performed. TNF-α in amniotic fluid was detected using ELISA. The remaining pregnant rats were allowed to deliver spontaneously at term. The survival of pup rats was observed until 24 hrs of age.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the nitrofen group, significant lung hypoplasia was presented not only in fetuses with CDH but also in those without CDH. Stronger expression of TNF-α was observed in fetal lungs and amniotic fluid in the nitrofen group, even when CDH was absent. The TET treatment group showed improved lung development compared with the nitrofen group. The incidence of large diaphragmatic hernia in the TET treatment group was lower than that in the nitrofen group (P<0.05), and the expression of TNF-α in fetal lungs and amniotic fluid in the TET treatment group was also lower than in the nitrofen group (P<0.01). The 24-hr survival rate of pup rats in the TET group was higher than that in the nitrofen group (P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Prenatal use of TET can improve nitrofen-induced pulmonary hypoplasia, decrease the incidence of large diaphragmatic hernia and increase the survival rate of pup rats, possibly through a reduction in the production of TNF-α in fetal lungs and amniotic fluid in rats with CDH.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Pregnancy , Rats , Benzylisoquinolines , Therapeutic Uses , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Hernia, Diaphragmatic , Hernias, Diaphragmatic, Congenital , Immunohistochemistry , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
15.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 107-110, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237162

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical features and prognosis of recurrent gastric cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 163 patients with recurrent gastric cancer from Jan. 2001 to Jan. 2005 were reviewed. Patients were compared between those with and without symptoms.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Seventy-two patients(44.2%) were symptomatic, while 91(55.8%) were asymptomatic. There were significant differences in lymph node metastasis between the two groups(P<0.05). The median overall survival was significantly longer in asymptomatic patients (19.8 vs. 15.7 months, P<0.05). Post-recurrence survival was also longer in the asymptomatic group (9.5 vs. 4.8 months, P<0.01). The median recurrence-free interval in asymptomatic patients was 10.0 months, which was significantly longer than that in the symptomatic patients (9.2 months, P<0.05). On univariate survival analysis,post-gastrectomy chemotherapy (P<0.05), symptoms of recurrence(P<0.01), TNM staging(P<0.01), recurrence-free interval (P<0.01), and reoperation(P<0.01) were associated with the prognosis. On multivariable analysis, TNM staging(P<0.01), symptoms of recurrence(P<0.01), recurrence-free interval (P<0.05), and reoperation(P<0.05) were independent risk factors.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Patients with recurrent gastric cancer have poor prognosis. Close monitoring and active follow-up of patients with gastric cancer should be conducted during the first two years after operation. Reoperation may improve survival in patients with recurrent gastric cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Follow-Up Studies , Gastrectomy , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , Pathology , General Surgery
16.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 192-195, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237144

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the risk factors for the prognosis in patients with node-negative gastric cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinicopathological characteristics of 138 patients with node-negative gastric carcinoma undergoing curative gastrectomy from January 2000 to December 2005 were retrospectively analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The overall 5-year survival rate was 62.4%. The univariate analysis revealed that tumor size, tumor location, cell differentiation, invasive depth, operative type and Lauren histologic type had significant effects on the survival. The independent prognostic factors of these patients were tumor size, cell differentiation, and serosal involvement in multivariate analyses.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>For node-negative gastric cancer patients, tumor size, poor differentiation and serosal involvement are important markers to evaluate prognosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Lymphatic Metastasis , Multivariate Analysis , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stomach Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Pathology , Survival Rate
17.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 411-414, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237109

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical efficacy of uncut Roux-en-Y reconstruction after distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 419 patients who underwent distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer with complete follow-up data between March 2005 and March 2008 in the Cancer Institute and Hospital of Tianjin Medical University. Patients were divided into B I (138 cases with Billroth I reconstruction), M-B II (108 cases with modified Billroth II reconstruction), RY (46 cases with Roux-en-Y reconstruction) and Uncut RY (127 cases with uncut Roux-en-Y reconstruction) according to reconstructive methods.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Patients in the Uncut RY group had a larger tumor diameter, more T3, and poorer stage of disease compared to those in the B I (P<0.05). In Uncut RY group, the operative time and postoperative hospital stay were(132.6±19.2) minutes and (10.4±1.2) days respectively, shorter than those in RY group (142.5±11.7) minutes and (12.1±3.7) days(both P<0.05), alkaline reflex gastritis rate was 3.2%, lower than that in B I group (24.6%, P<0.05) and M-B II group (25.9%, P<0.05). Marginal ulcer rate in uncut RY group was lower compared to M-B II group (P=0.019), and incidence of Roux-en-Y stasis syndrome was less compared to RY group (P=0.000).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The uncut Roux-en-Y reconstruction is both feasible and safe. It can prevent alkaline reflex gastritis and Roux-en-Y stasis syndrome. It may be the preferred technique for reconstruction after distal gastrectomy.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anastomosis, Roux-en-Y , Methods , Gastrectomy , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
18.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 357-359, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266342

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the prognostic factors of primary duodenal adenocarcinoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The medical records of 67 patients with primary duodenal adenocarcinoma treated in our hospital from January 1990 to December 2005 were retrospectively analyzed. Prognostic factors were analyzed by univariable and multivariable analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the 67 patients, 38 underwent curative resection and 29 underwent palliative resection. The overall 5-year survival rate was 22.4%. The survival was significantly higher in patients who underwent curative resection (5-year survival 39.5%) than that in those who underwent palliative resection(5-year survival 0) (P<0.05). Univariable analysis showed that T-stage, nodal metastasis and tumor stage had significant negative effects on the survival of patients who underwent curative resection. However, multivariable analysis revealed that T-stage and nodal metastasis were significantly associated with survival.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Curative resection may improve the survival. T-stage and lymph nodes metastasis are associated with decreased survival.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Adenocarcinoma , Diagnosis , Pathology , General Surgery , Duodenal Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Pathology , General Surgery , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
19.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 492-496, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266322

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics, diagnosis, treatment and prognostic factors of gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors(GIST) in the stomach.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinicopathological data of 132 patients with gastric GIST between January 1998 and December 2008 were analyzed retrospectively, and the prognostic factors were evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Tumor locations were the cardia or fundus (50, 37.9%), the stomach body (62, 47%),the antrum (13, 9.8%), and two regions were found in 6 cases (4.5%), three regions in 1 cases (0.8%). Tumor size ranged from 1.0 to 27.0 cm with an average of 9.4 cm. All the patients underwent complete tumor resection, including multi-organ resection in 41 cases. Thirty-four cases underwent lymph node dissection. All the lymph nodes were negative. The positive rate was 93.2% (23/132) for CD 117 and 82.6% (109/132) for CD34. The 1-,3- and 5-year survival rates of the 118 cases with follow up were 94.7%, 80.2%, and 56.6%, respectively. Univariate analysis revealed that the differences in Fletcher classification, tumor size, infiltration to surrounding tissue, preoperative metastasis, and adjuvant postoperative therapy with imatinib were related to the survival rates. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that Fletcher classification, preoperative metastasis and adjuvant postoperative therapy with imatinib were independent poor prognostic factors for survival.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Preoperative metastasis is an independent factor predicting poor prognosis of gastric GIST. Fletcher classification can be used to evaluate the biological behaviors and prognosis, while surgery is the main therapy and targeted therapy can improve survival of gastric GIST.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , Diagnosis , Pathology , Therapeutics , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Pathology , Therapeutics
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1450-1455, 2008.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-293982

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>It is uncertain whether genotypes of Candida albicans (C. albicans) are associated with colonizing body locations or variant conditions of infection. The aim of this study was to investigate whether there are significant associations between strain genotypes and body sites of infection and to determine the potential pathogenesis of cutaneous candidiasis at multiple locations.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 151 strains of C. albicans were isolated from 74 infant patients with cutaneous candidiasis and 61 female patients with vaginal candidiasis. Patients were grouped according to the body sites and underlying conditions of infection. Genotypes were identified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of the 25S rDNA and PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) of ALT repeats digested with EcoRI and Clal.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Ten genotypes were detected. There were significant differences in genotype frequencies between the two groups. However, we found no clear association between genotypes and the sites of cutaneous infection or the underlying conditions of vaginal candidiasis (VVC). In addition, strains of C. albicans from multiple cutaneous locations of the same patient had identical genotypes.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Populations of C. albicans from patients with cutaneous and vaginal candidiasis were genetically different. However, the lack of genetic difference between strains from different body sites with cutaneous infections or from different underlying conditions for VVC suggests no evidence of genotype selection for different skin surfaces or patients with different underlying conditions for VVC.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Candida albicans , Classification , Genetics , Candidiasis, Cutaneous , Virology , Candidiasis, Vulvovaginal , Virology , Genotype , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length
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