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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2165-2169, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928156

ABSTRACT

Two new polyketides, lasobutone A(1) and lasobutone B(2), along with three known compounds, guignardianone C(3), guignardic acid(4), and 4-hydroxy-17R-methylincisterol(5), were isolated from the endophytic fungi Xylaria sp. by silica gel, MCI, and preparative HPLC, which was separated from the Chinese medicinal material Coptis chinensis and cultivated through solid fermentation with rice. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic methods, such as MS, NMR, IR, UV, and ECD. Compounds 2 and 4 showed inhibitory activities against the nitric oxide(NO) production in the LPS-induced macrophage RAW264.7 with IC_(50) values of 58.7 and 42.5 μmol·L~(-1) respectively, while compound 5 exhibited cytotoxic activities against HT-29 with IC_(50) value of 14.3 μmol·L~(-1).


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Coptis chinensis , Endophytes/chemistry , Fungi , Polyketides/chemistry
2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 972-980, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878963

ABSTRACT

This study aims to establish a method for the determination of the concentration of five main components of phthalide target areas of Chaxiong(CPTA) and its inclusion of β-CD in the plasma of rats, and determine the pharmacokinetic parameters, absolute bioavailability and relative bioavailability of CPTA/β-CD inclusion compound in vivo. The plasma concentrations of senkyunolide A, N-butylphthalide, new osthol lactone, Z-ligustilide and butenyl phthalide were determined with UPLC-MS/MS. The content determination was conducted at the chromatographic conditions as follows: Shim-pack GIST C_(18)-AQ HP column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 3 μm), mobile phase of 0.1% formic acid solution(A)-acetonitrile(B), gradient elution, flow rate of 0.3 mL·min~(-1), column temperature of 35 ℃ and injection volume of 2 μL. The mass spectra were obtained with electrospray ion source(ESI), positive ion mode and multi reaction monitoring. CPTA/β-CD inclusion compound was prepared by grinding method, DAS 2.0 software was used to model the data, and the absolute bioavailability of CPTA and relative bioavailability of inclusion compound were calculated. Finally, the methods for the determination of five components of senkyunolide A, N-butylphthalide, new osthol lactone, Z-ligustilide and butenyl phthalide in CPTA, were successfully established. The linear relationship among the five components was good within their respective ranges, r>0.99. The absolute bioavailability of the five components in rats was 22.30%, 16.32%, 21.90%, 10.16% and 12.43%, respectively. After CPTA/β-CD inclusion was prepared, the relative bioavailability of the five components was 138.69%, 198.39%, 218.01%, 224.54% and 363.55%, respectively, significantly improved. This method is rapid, accurate and sensitive, so it is suitable for the pharmacokinetic study of extracts in traditional Chinese medicine and their preparations.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Benzofurans , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reproducibility of Results , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6377-6386, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921796

ABSTRACT

Breast cancer is a major chronic disease threatening women's health. It has topped the global cancers as the diagnosed cases outnumbered lung cancer patients in 2020. Internal damage due to the seven emotions is an important cause of breast cancer and the disorders of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal(HPA) axis and endocrine system and the abnormal immune defense mechanism in response to psychological stress all affect the occurrence and development of breast cancer. It is noteworthy that the theory of seven emotions in traditional Chinese medicine and the psychological stress theory of modern medicine have something in common in some aspects. Therefore, this study explored the correlation between internal damage due to the seven emotions and psychological stress and analyzed the molecular biological mechanisms of psychological stress influencing breast cancer from the perspective of modern medicine, which is helpful to reasonably prevent breast cancer and other related tumors and improve the prognosis of breast cancer patients through emotion regulation.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Emotions , Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pituitary-Adrenal System , Stress, Psychological
4.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 854-860, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942982

ABSTRACT

The incidence of neuroendocrine neoplasms (NEN) is increasing globally, and gastrointestinal NEN (GI-NEN) is the most common type of NEN. Diagnosis and treatment of GI-NEN are quite different, according to tumor's location, size, background, cell origin, and pathogenesis. Digestive endoscopy has unique advantages in detecting of GI-NEN. However, endoscopist should not perform endoscopic resection arbitrarily, due to the high heterogeneity and complexity of GI-NEN. We need to establish the concept about comprehensive assessment for GI-NEN, including medical history and physical signs, serology, imaging, radionuclide and end·oscopic examination, to make an individualized treatment after rigorous multidisciplinary discussion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/surgery , Incidence , Neuroendocrine Tumors/surgery
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5804-5818, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878844

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the study is to analyze the outcomes of randomized controlled trial(RCT) of Chinese herbal medicine formula(CHMF) in the treatment of vascular cognitive impairment caused by cerebral small vessel disease(CSVD-VCI), and provide suggestions for future studies in this field. Three English databases, four Chinese databases, and two online registration websites of clinical trials were searched with use of the search strategy established in advance. Relevant RCTs published in recent ten years were screened, and necessary information was extracted to assess the risk of bias and analyze the outcomes of these RCTs. As a result, a total of 10 461 articles were retrieved, of which 8 681 were kept after de-duplication, and 41 RCTs were included after screening, with a generally higher risk of bias. The outcomes of included RCTs were classified into 9 categories, namely, clinical symptom outcomes, neuroimaging outcomes, neuroelectrophysiological outcomes, blood biochemical outcomes, hemorheology outcomes, physical signs, syndrome scores of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), clinical effective rate, and safety outcomes. Among them, the most frequently reported outcomes of included RCTs were blood biochemical outcomes, and clinical symptom outcomes showed the highest reporting rate. Besides, 9 RCTs reported syndrome scores of TCM as the outcomes and illustrated corresponding evaluation criteria. The analysis showed that the application of RCT outcomes in this field had clinical rationality and limitations, and there were also some deficiencies in the trial design level, namely, no distinction between primary and secondary outcomes, insufficient blind methods, not detailed description of outcomes, disunity of evaluation tools, and despised endpoint outcomes. These limitations and deficiencies were negatively affecting the quality of RCTs of CHMF in the treatment of CSVD-VCI. Therefore, we suggest that future researchers should be well prepared in the top-level design stage, and actively construct the core outcome set of this field, so as to improve the quality of clinical trials.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cerebral Small Vessel Diseases , Cognitive Dysfunction , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Phytotherapy
6.
Chinese Journal of Disease Control & Prevention ; (12): 1517-1522, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779549

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the demand for non-occupational post-exposure prophylaxis (nPEP) services and related influencing factors among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Liuzhou City, Guangxi Province. Methods MSM was recruited in Liuzhou City, Guangxi Province. Face-to-face survey was used to collect demographic information, knowledge about AIDS, history of high-risk behavior, knowledge and demand for nPEP services. 2 test was used to analyze the differences of demand for nPEP services among MSM with different characteristics and different high-risk behaviors. Log-binomial regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors of demand for nPEP services. Prevalence ratio and 95% confidence interval were calculated. Results 31.1% of MSM population had heard of nPEP service, and 61.6% of them needed the service after being informed of nPEP about its protective effect. 58.6% of MSM would spend money to buy nPEP service after high-risk behavior. Logistic regression analysis showed that the education level was university degree or above (PR=2.743, 95% CI: 1.996-3.450), the perception of the local MSM AIDS epidemic was not serious or unknown (PR=0.211, 95% CI: 0.112-0.294), and the number of temporary sexual partners in half a year was 2 or more (PR=3.642, 95% CI: 2.223-4.842), these subjects above were influencing factors of nPEP service demanded for respondents. Conclusions MSM population in Liuzhou area of Guangxi have a certain need for nPEP service. We should implement nPEP service as soon as possible in accordance with local conditions, and strengthen the corresponding propaganda to reduce the harm of AIDS to MSM population.

7.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 175-178, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-281280

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the imaging characteristic and operation outcome of ossification of ligamentum flavum with lumbar spinal stenosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>January 2013 to January 2016, 9 patients with ossification of ligamentum flavum with lumbar spinal stenosis were treated, included 5 males and 4 females, aged from 51 to 63 years old with an average of 57 years old. All patients complained intermittent claudication and radiating pain at lower limb. The pathologic change regions examined by CT or MRI were as follows:2 cases in L₄,₅ and L₅S₁, 5 in L̀,̀, and 2 in L₅S₁. Four patients underwent simple laminectomy and 5 patients underwent laminectomy and discectomy, interbody fusion and internal fixation with pedicle screw. Clinical effects were evaluated according to JOA score, which items included subjective symptom, daily activity limitation, clinical sign and bladder function.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>No complications such as infection or nerve injury were found after operation. The follow-up period was from 12 to 60 months with an average of 24 months. The low back pain and radiating pain at lower limb improved significantly and walking distance approached normal at final follow-up;and JOA scores improved obviously.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Ossification of ligamentum flavum has the special characteristic on CT scan, which decide the selection of operation method. The operative aim is effectively spinal decompression and rebuilding lower lumbar stability by minimally invasive surgery.</p>

8.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 265-269, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812627

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed at investigating the effects of Puerarin (PR), a major isoflavonoid isolated from the Chinese medicinal herb Puerariae radix, on bone metabolism and the underlying mechanism of action. The in vivo assay, female mice were ovariectomized (OVX), and the OVX mice were fed with a diet containing low, middle, and high doses of PR (2, 4, and 8 mg·d(-1), respectively) or 17β-estradiol (E2, 0.03 μg·d(-1)) for 4 weeks. In OVX mice, the uterine weight declined, and intake of PR at any dose did not affect uterine weight, compared with the control. The total femoral bone mineral density (BMD) was significantly reduced by OVX, which was reversed by intake of the diet with PR at any dose, especially at the low dose. In the in vitro assay, RAW264.7 cells were used for studying the direct effect of PR on the formation of osteoclasts. PR reduced the formation of tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP)-positive multi-nucleated cells in the RAW 264.7 cells induced by receptor activator for nuclear factor-κB Ligand (RANKL). MC3T3-E1 cells were used for studying the effects of PR on the expression of osteoprotegerin (OPG) and RANKL mRNA expression in osteoblasts. The expression of OPG mRNA and RANKL mRNA was detected by RT-PCR on Days of 5, 7, 10, and 12 after PR exposure. PR time-dependently enhanced the expression of OPG mRNA and reduced the expression of RANKL mRNA in MC3T3-E1 cells. In conclusion, our results suggest that PR can effectively prevent bone loss in OVX mice without any hyperplastic effect on the uterus, and the antiosteoporosis activity of PR may be related to its effects on the formation of osteoclasts and the expression of RANKL OPG in osteoblasts.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Mice , Bone Density , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Femur , Chemistry , Metabolism , Isoflavones , Osteoclasts , Metabolism , Osteoporosis , Genetics , Metabolism , Osteoprotegerin , Genetics , Metabolism , Ovariectomy , Pueraria , Chemistry , RANK Ligand , Genetics , Metabolism
9.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 172-176, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-859216

ABSTRACT

Chronic administration of the second-generation antipsychotic drugs (SGAs) is associated with elevated risks of weight gain, obesity and other metabolic disorders, which further leads to an increase in incidence of cardiovascular diseases and the reduced life expectancy in patients. Dyslipidemia is a critical causative factor for the metabolic syndrome. In this article, the potential molecular mechanisms in SGA-induced dyslipidemia were focused on SREBPs/AMPKα/PPAR pathways, as well as the induction of insulin resistance in peripheral tissues (liver and white fat tissue).

10.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1117-1120, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251566

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the imaging characteristics and operation outcomes of intramedullary schwannoma in thoracolumbar spine.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From June 2005 to December 2012,17 patients with intramedullary schwannoma in thoracolumbar spine were operated through posterior approach, including 11 males and 6 females with an average age of 53 years old ranging from 46 to 67 years old. The courses of disease ranged from 3 to 5 years (averaged 3.3 years). Thoracic patients manifested chest and back pain,numbness and inability on lower limb gradually, unsteady gait. Lumbar patients manifested low back pain,radiating pain and numbness on lower limb, intermittent claudication. Preoperative VAS score was 5 to 8 with an average of 6.12. Eleven patients suffered from never injury, 4 cases were grade C, 5 cases were grade D and 2 cases were grade E according to Frankel classification. Three patients were injured on thoracic segments, 5 patients were on thoracolumbar segments, 3 patients on lumbar segments and 6 patients on lumbosacral segment confirmed by CT and MRI. Five patients were epidural, 12 were intradural extramedullary. Six patients underwent spinal decompression and tumor resection simply, eleven patients underwent spinal decompression, tumor resection, internal fixation and bone graft fusion.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>No injury of blood vessel or spinal cord occurred during operation, cutting healed well. All patients were followed up from 12 to 60 months with an average of 32 months. Chest and back pain, low back pain, radiating pain and numbness on lower limb were improved significantly. VAS score at final follow-up was 0 to 3 (averaged 1.5). According to Frankel classification, 5 cases were grade D, and 6 cases were grade E at final follow-up.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>MRI is an effective method in diagnosis of intramedullary schwannoma in thoracolumbar spine. Operative method is choosed by imaging expression, and the aim is effectively decompression of spine, reconstruction of stability of spine.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Lumbar Vertebrae , General Surgery , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neurilemmoma , Pathology , General Surgery , Spinal Neoplasms , Pathology , General Surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae , General Surgery
11.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1479-1483, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246074

ABSTRACT

Tripterygium glycosides preparation which extracted from the traditional Chinese herb Tripterygium wilfordii (TWHY), was widely used to treat the autoimmune diseases. Previous works demonstrated that TWHF had potent anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive properties. But the different quality and high incident rate of side effects of different manufactures inhibited its clinical application. Since TWHF had been generally known to play a therapeutical effect by synergism of multiple constituents, it was necessary to build the relationship between the HPLC fingerprint and bioactivity so as to ensure the quality safety and efficacy. The HPLC fingerprint showed that description and content of peaks from different manufactures were diverse. Only 11 common peaks were found. In this study, mice spleen cells stimulated by Con A were used to test the proliferation inhibition bioactivity of TWHF preparations, which were incubated with 30, 15, 7.5, 3.75, 1.88 and 0.94 mg x L(-1) TWHF preparations for 48 h. The results showed that mice spleen cells proliferation was inhibited by all TWHF preparations significantly compared with the control group, which suggested the TWHF preparations showed immune suppress activity. The TWHF preparations from 7 manufacture showed different IC50 value, which might belong to different contents which showed in the HPLC fingerprint. Moreover, a relationship between the HPLC fingerprint and the bioactivity were established to identify important constituents by grey relational analysis (GRA). The result showed that all the contents were relative with the IC50, especially No. 5 and 10 peaks, but No. 1 peak, which was proved to be triptolide, had few contribute to the inhibition of mice spleen cells proliferation. The study of relationship between the HPLC fingerprint and the IC50 by GRA could help to investigate mechanism of bioactive and provide an evidence for the quantification of multi-constituents.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Pharmacology , Cell Proliferation , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Glycosides , Pharmacology , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Spleen , Cell Biology , Tripterygium , Chemistry
12.
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine ; (12): 132-136, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820389

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe effect of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and restructure human thrombopoietin on hypoxic-ischemic brain damage (HIBD) in new born rats.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 neonatal SD rats were selected and divided into 4 groups, with 15 in each group. Group A served as control group. Rats of Groups B-D were prepared for HIBD model by ligation of left common carotid artery combined with hypoxia method. Rats of Group A were only completed with free left common carotid artery without ligation and hypoxia operation. After HIBD model preparation, Group B was administrated with subcutaneous injection of normal saline for placebo treatment; Group C was administrated with cervical subcutaneous injection of 0.5 μg/10 g granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) for 5 d (Once a day); Group D was administrated with intraperitoneal injection of 15 U/10 g recombinant human thromobopoietin (rhTPO) for treatment. After modeling for 7, 14 and 21 d, 5 rats were sacrificed in each group, respectively. Brain quality damage (%) conditions of experimental animals in each group were compared in different time points, and cerebral histopathological changes of each group were observed. Expression of nestin in rats of each group was detected by immunohistochemical method.@*RESULTS@#After modeling for 7, 14 and 21 d, brain quality damages (%) of Groups B, C and D were significant higher than that of in Group A (P0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Both G-CSF and TPO can protect the nervous system of HIBD neonatal rats. G-CSF can promote the proliferation and differentiation of neural precursor cells to decrease the degeneration and necrosis of nerve cell. TPO can obviously ameliorate morphology index of HIBD rats. Through regulating ratio of TIMP-1 and MMP-9, TPO can maintain the integrity of blood brain barrier to relieve the occurrence of brain damage.

13.
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine ; (12): 555-559, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820317

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effects of PDGF-Rb antagonists imatinib on endometrial injury repairing in the mouse model.@*METHODS@#The cultured MSCs cells from male mice were marked with BrdU in vitro, and then transplanted to the female mice which suffered from radiation injury through tail vein, PDGF-Rb antagonists imatinib was injected through abdominal cavity. Four groups were arranged, which were radiation transplantation group, normal control group, imatinib intervention group and radiation control group. BrdU incorporation, SRY expression and MVD status were detected in uterus of mice.@*RESULTS@#SRY gene was negative expressed in normal control group and radiation control group. SRY gene presented positive in radiation transplantation group and imatinib intervention group; BrdU incorporation showed negative in radiation control group and normal control group which died in the early stage in mice; the incorporation of BrdU was higher in radiation transplantation group compared with imatinib intervention group; CD34 was positive on the uterus of all the four groups, which showed highest in radiation control group and lowest in radiation control group; The MVD in imatinib intervention group was lower than radiation control group; the difference of MVD was significantly compared with normal control group (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#PDGF-Rb antagonists imatinib could inhibit the repairing function of MSCs in the endometrial lesions in mice.

14.
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine ; (12): 555-559, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-951605

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the effects of PDGF-Rb antagonists imatinib on endometrial injury repairing in the mouse model. Methods: The cultured MSCs cells from male mice were marked with BrdU in vitro, and then transplanted to the female mice which suffered from radiation injury through tail vein, PDGF-Rb antagonists imatinib was injected through abdominal cavity. Four groups were arranged, which were radiation transplantation group, normal control group, imatinib intervention group and radiation control group. BrdU incorporation, SRY expression and MVD status were detected in uterus of mice. Results: SRY gene was negative expressed in normal control group and radiation control group. SRY gene presented positive in radiation transplantation group and imatinib intervention group; BrdU incorporation showed negative in radiation control group and normal control group which died in the early stage in mice; the incorporation of BrdU was higher in radiation transplantation group compared with imatinib intervention group; CD34 was positive on the uterus of all the four groups, which showed highest in radiation control group and lowest in radiation control group; The MVD in imatinib intervention group was lower than radiation control group; the difference of MVD was significantly compared with normal control group (P < 0.05). Conclusions: PDGF-Rb antagonists imatinib could inhibit the repairing function of MSCs in the endometrial lesions in mice.

15.
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine ; (12): 132-136, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-951555

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe effect of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and restructure human thrombopoietin on hypoxic-ischemic brain damage (HIBD) in new born rats. Methods: A total of 60 neonatal SD rats were selected and divided into 4 groups, with 15 in each group. Group A served as control group. Rats of Groups B-D were prepared for HIBD model by ligation of left common carotid artery combined with hypoxia method. Rats of Group A were only completed with free left common carotid artery without ligation and hypoxia operation. After HIBD model preparation, Group B was administrated with subcutaneous injection of normal saline for placebo treatment; Group C was administrated with cervical subcutaneous injection of 0.5 μg/10 g granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) for 5 d (Once a day); Group D was administrated with intraperitoneal injection of 15 U/10 g recombinant human thromobopoietin (rhTPO) for treatment. After modeling for 7, 14 and 21 d, 5 rats were sacrificed in each group, respectively. Brain quality damage (%) conditions of experimental animals in each group were compared in different time points, and cerebral histopathological changes of each group were observed. Expression of nestin in rats of each group was detected by immunohistochemical method. Results: After modeling for 7, 14 and 21 d, brain quality damages (%) of Groups B, C and D were significant higher than that of in Group A (. P0.05). Conclusions: Both G-CSF and TPO can protect the nervous system of HIBD neonatal rats. G-CSF can promote the proliferation and differentiation of neural precursor cells to decrease the degeneration and necrosis of nerve cell. TPO can obviously ameliorate morphology index of HIBD rats. Through regulating ratio of TIMP-1 and MMP-9, TPO can maintain the integrity of blood brain barrier to relieve the occurrence of brain damage.

16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1874-1879, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327904

ABSTRACT

This study is to investigate the modulation of Kudiezi (KDZ) injection on differential protein expression in cerebral cortex of rats with cerebral ischemic stroke and heat toxin syndrome established by intraperitoneal injection of carrageenan and middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) methods. According to random number table rats were divided into three groups: drug group, model group and sham group. The tripheye tetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining and HE staining were used to observe brain tissue injury of rats. After therapeutic intervention with above drug for seventy-two hours, the level of differential protein expression was analyzed by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE). The results show that there are differential protein expressions between cerebral ischemic stroke and heat toxin syndrome rats and sham rats. Furthermore, as a Chinese medicine injection with effect of clearing heat, resolving toxin and dredging collaterals, KDZ injection can decrease alleviate morphological changes of cerebral ischemia, regulate the levels of some differential proteins expression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Rats , Brain Ischemia , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Cerebral Cortex , Metabolism , Pathology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Gene Expression , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Stroke , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology
17.
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine ; (12): 806-810, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820651

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the nerve protective effect and mechanism of baicalin on newborn rats with hypoxic ischemic brain damage (HIBD).@*METHODS@#A total of 64 SD newborn rats were randomly divided into control group, model group, nerve growth factor group and baicalin group, with 16 in each group. Left carotid artery ligation method was adopted to establish the HIBD model except for in control group, which was treated with intraperitoneal injection of salin e10 mL/kg for 3 d. After oxygen recovery on hypoxia ischemia rats, intraperitoneal injection of saline 10 mL/kg was adopted in model group for 3 d. Intraperitoneal injection of nerve growth factor injection 50 μg/kg per day was adopted in nerve growth factor group for 3 d; intraperitoneal injection of radix scutellariae 16 mg/kg per day was adopted in baicalin group for 3 d after modeling. Four rats of each group were sacrificed at Day 1, 2, 3, 7 for microscopic observation of pathological morphological changes in brain tissue after HE staining, S-P immunohistochemical method was used for observation of Fas and FasL expression in brain cells.@*RESULTS@#Neat structure of cells was observed in control group; edema cells in disordered arrangement was observed in model group, with some cells necrosis and cavity change; tissue injury in nerve growth factor group and baicalin group was significantly lighter than that in model group; Fas and FasL expression in model group, nerve growth factor group and baicalin group were significantly higher than that in control group at different time points (P0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Baicalin can reduce expression of Fas and FasL in HIBD rats, inhibit apoptosis of nerve cells, thus achieve the protective effect on HIBD rat nerves.

18.
Chinese Journal of Experimental and Clinical Virology ; (6): 250-252, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318051

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study whether CO-Q10 can protect liver injury caused by acute on chronic liver failure (ACLF) by autophagy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Rats were separated into three groups: control group, acute on chronic liver failure (ACLF) and intervenient group, liver tissues were observed by optical microscopy and electron microscopy. The levels of Beclin-1 expression were determined by real-time PCR. And Western Blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Areas of necrosis detected in intervenient group were alleviated than in ACLF significantly. Most mitochondrias had been degradated in ACLF group while alive in intervenient group. Real-time PCR and Western Blot revealed level of beclin-1 in ACLF was lower than control and intervenient group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Intervenient group may ameliorate rat liver injury by promoting autophagy.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Rats , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Autophagy , Beclin-1 , Liver Failure, Acute , Genetics , Metabolism , Mitochondria, Liver , Metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Ubiquinone , Metabolism
19.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 536-542, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-353079

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the reason of postoperative recurrence of spinal tuberculosis and observe the clinical outcome of these patients in reoperation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2002 to May 2010,27 patients with postoperative recrudescent spinal tuberculosis were treated. There were 15 males and 12 females with an average age of 36.5 years old (ranged, 21 to 65). The risk factors and effect strength associated with postoperative recrudescent spinal tuberculosis were compared by Logistic regression analysis. Individual operation was performed according to the major reason. Re-operative methods including debridment in 5 cases, debridment and sinuses resection in 7 cases, one stage debridement and bone grafting via anterior approach and internal fixation via posterior approach in 8 cases, one stage bone grafting and internal fixation via posterior approach combined with CT-guided percutaneous catheter drainage and local chemotherapy in 2 cases, CT-guided percutaneous catheter drainage and local chemotherapy in 5 cases. Antituberculosis drugs were regularly used in all patients after operation. The ESR, X-ray and 3D-CT were regularly performed to estimate the progress of tuberculosis and condition of bony fusion.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The risk factors associated with postoperative recrudescent spinal tuberculosis were complicated, including no regularly used antituberculosis drugs before and after operation, no early diagnosis and treatment of the postoperative fluidify, malnutrition, no thoroughly debridement during operation and poor spinal stability after operation, according to effect strength to arrange. There was no injury of blood vessel,spinal cord or ureter during reoperation. The follow-up period was from 12 to 36 months with an average of 24 months. Tuberculosis symptoms disappeared after reoperation and no complications such as tuberculosis recurrence, infection of incision, sinuses formation and internal fixation failure were found in the patients. ESR recovered normal in follow-up and bone graft obtained fusion at 8 to 12 months after operation and internal fixation position was normal.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The reoperative reasons of spinal tuberculosis are complicated and multifactorial. The diagnosis and treatment are difficult. It is important to analyze the recrudescent reasons thoroughly before operation,emphasize the application of regularly antituberculosis drugs and individual operation, meanwhile, reinforce nourishment and supportive treatment.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Logistic Models , Recurrence , Reoperation , Risk Factors , Tuberculosis, Spinal , General Surgery
20.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 182-185, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-344765

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the curative effects and complications of Bryan cervical disc replacement for cervical disc herniation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From Jannary 2005 to December 2008,39 patients with cervical disc herniation were treated with Bryan cervical disc replacement. There were 20 males and 19 females,with an average age of 47 years old (ranged, 35 to 59). Spinal compression symptom (20 cases) and nerve root symptom (19 cases) were main clinical symptoms. Single level disc was replaced in 35 cases and two-level replaced in 4 cases. Offset and activity of prosthesis,cervical physiological curvature, heterotopic ossification, prosthetic fusion were observed by dynamic X-ray. According to Odom's standard and JOA score,nerve function were evaluated; and depending on NDI standard,clinical symptom and daily function status were recorded.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the patients were followed up from 16 to 36 months with an average of 24 months. Nerve function obviously improved and radiating pain of upper limb completely relieved. No patient with prosthetic anterior-posterior offset more than 2 mm was found. Prosthetic flexion and extention angle was (8.5+-1.8)degrees,left and right flexion range respectively were (3.5+/-1.2)degrees and (3.3+/-1.5)degrees. Cervical physiological curvature improved obviously or recovered normally. Three cases occurred in heterotopic ossification and 2 cases occurred in prosthetic fusion. According to Odom's standard,25 cases got an excellent results,9 good, 5 fair, the rate of excellent and good was 87.2%. JOA score increased from preoperative (8.26+/-1.32) to (15.71+/-1.89) at final follow-up and NDI decreased from preoperative (43.7+/-3.8) to (20.1+/-2.9) at final follow-up.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Treatment of cervical disc herniation with Bryan cervical disc replacement can get the good curative effects,which can obtain good nerve functional recovery,cervical stability and activity. Nevertheless,the operation has typical complication such as heterotopic ossification and prosthetic fusion. Thus,it is important in chosing indication and operative procedure.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cervical Vertebrae , General Surgery , Follow-Up Studies , Postoperative Complications , Total Disc Replacement , Methods
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