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1.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 992-995,1000, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909654

ABSTRACT

Objective:The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression and role of N-myc downstream regulatory gene 2 (NDRG2) in radiation resistance of bladder cancer cells.Methods:T24 cells were cultured in vitro and irradiated with different doses of X-ray (0, 2, 4, 8, 10 and 20 Gy). The best dose of X-ray was selected for subsequent treatment. The radioresistant BCa cell line T24/R was established. The cytotoxicity of T24/R cells was detected by counting kit-8 (CCK-8) method. The proliferation and invasion ability of T24/R cells and T24 cells were detected by flow cytometry and transwell, respectively. Western blot was used to detect the expression of epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) related proteins. The survival rate of T24/R group (control group) and T24/R-NDRG 2 group was detected, and the migration ability of T24/R-NDRG 2 cells was detected after 2 Gy treatment. Results:The cell viability was inhibited significantly when the dose of X-ray was ≥2 Gy X-ray, so 2 Gy X-ray irradiation was chosen as the best condition for BCa cytotoxicity and T24/R radiation resistance cell line was successfully established; Apoptosis test showed that the number of S-phase cells was increased in T24/R group, and the proportion of S-phase cells in T24/R vs T24 was (26.49±4.5)% vs (14±2.6)% ( P<0.05); Transwell test showed that T24/R cells showed stronger migration ability than control group ( P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in EMT related protein expression between the two groups ( P>0.05). Overexpression of NDRG2 can significantly decreased the activity and migration ability of radiation-resistant T24/R cells ( P<0.05) when the radiation dose was gradually increasing in both groups. Conclusions:The radiation resistance of BCa cells is one of the causes of local tumor recurrence. Up-regulation of NDRG2 expression can inhibit the radiation resistance of T24 cells, so it can be used as a candidate for treatment of radiation-resistant BCa patients.

2.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 1048-1051, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909171

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of transumbilical laparoendoscopic single-site supracervical hysterectomy in the treatment of benign uterine diseases.Methods:The clinical data of 39 patients with benign uterine diseases with the volume of uterus less than that at the 14 weeks of pregnancy who underwent supracervical hysterectomy in People's Hospital of Hechuan District of Chongqing, China between January 2018 and December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. These patients were divided into transumbilical laparoendoscopic single-site supracervical hysterectomy group (single-site group, n = 21) and transumbilical laparoendoscopic multiple-site supracervical hysterectomy group (multiple-site group, n = 18) according to different surgical approaches. Operation time, specimen removal time, intraoperative blood loss, incision suture time, tissue debris shedding rate, postoperative off-bed time, length of hospital stay, pain score on postoperative day 1, time to anal exhaust, and the incidence of complications within 30 days after surgery were compared between the two groups. Results:Tissue debris shedding rate in the single-site group was significantly lower than that in the multiple-site group [0.00% (0/21) vs. 100.00% (18/18), χ2 = 39.00, P < 0.001]. Operation time in the single-site group was significantly longer than that in the multiple-site group [(74.20 ± 9.15) minutes vs. (62.90 ± 6.20) minutes, t = 3.323, P < 0.05). Specimen removal time and incision suture time in the single-site group were (11.10 ± 2.33) minutes and (3.90 ± 0.88) minutes, respectively, which were significantly longer than those in the multiple-site group [(4.90 ± 0.88) minutes, (2.90 ± 0.74) minutes, t = 7.97, 0.386, both P < 0.05]. There were no significant differences in intraoperative blood loss, postoperative off-bed time, pain score on postoperative day 1, length of hospital stay, time to anal exhaust, and the incidence of complications within 30 days after surgery between the two groups (all P > 0.05). Conclusion:Transumbilical laparoendoscopic single-site and multiple-site supracervical hysterectomy can acquire similar short-term surgical outcomes in the treatment of benign uterine diseases at the time of less than 14 weeks of pregnancy and transumbilical laparoendoscopic single-site supracervical hysterectomy can eliminate the long-term complications caused by tissue dissemination.

3.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 405-409, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862855

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the related influencing factors of interstitial pneumonia (IP) in B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL) patients treated with R-CHOP-like chemotherapy regimen.Methods:The clinical data of 377 CD20 + B-NHL patients in Minhang Branch of Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Hospital from January 2014 to June 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. According to whether rituximab was used, patients were divided into R-CHOP-like chemotherapy group (275 cases) and CHOP-like chemotherapy group (102 cases). The incidence of IP in patients stratified according to different clinical factors was analyzed, and logistic multivariate regression was used to analyze the risk factors of IP. Results:Thirty-eight out of 377 patients (10.08%) developed IP; the incidence rates of IP in the R-CHOP-like chemotherapy group and the CHOP-like chemotherapy group were 13.09% (36/275) and 1.96% (2/102), respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (χ 2 = 10.169, P < 0.01). There were statistical differences in the incidence rates of IP between patients with or without rituximab, with or without liposomal doxorubicin in the regimen, and with or without grade Ⅳ neutropenia occurred during the treatment [13.09% (36/275) vs. 1.96% (2/102), 18.18% (22/ 121) vs. 6.25% (16/256), 15.43% (27/175) vs. 5.45% (11/202), all P < 0.01]. Logistic regression analysis showed that the application of rituximab ( OR = 6.761, 95% CI 1.369-33.711, P = 0.020) and grade Ⅳ neutropenia ( OR = 7.443, 95% CI 2.132-8.199, P = 0.001) were independent risk factors for the occurrence of IP. Conclusions:R-CHOP-like chemotherapy regimen increases the occurrence of IP in patients with B-NHL. The use of rituximab and grade Ⅳ neutropenia are independent risk factors for the occurrence of IP.

4.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1658-1662, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824282

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the Rhizoma Pleionis mediating vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A)-related angiogenesis in breast cancer cells to inhibit epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in breast cancer.Methods Firstly,the proliferation activity of MDA-MB-231 and 4T1 of breast cancer cells was detected by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) method at different concentrations (0.2 g/ml,0.4 g/ml,0.6 g/ml,0.8 g/ml,1.0 g/ml);secondly,the specific concentration of Rhizoma Pleionis was selected and tested by Transwell test for its effect on breast cancer cell metastasis and invasion.The formation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) capillary wall was measured to detect the effect of Rhizoma Pleionis on cell angiogenesis.The EMT-related protein and angiogenesis-related molecules were detected by Western blot.Results MTT resuhs showed that Rhizoma Pleionis of 0.8 g/ml and 1.0 g/ml can inhibit the MDA-MB-231 and 4T1 cells proliferation in a dose-dependent manner,with statistically significant difference (P < 0.05).Rhizoma Pleionis can inhibit the invasion of breast cancer cells and inhibit the formation of blood vessel walls in HUVECs.Western blot confirmed that the expression level of EMT-related proteins:E-cadherin was significantly increased and the expression level of N-cadherin,Vimentin and Snail was significantly decreased after treatment with Rhizoma Pleionis (P < 0.05);and the level of the related molecule hypoxia inducible factor-1 α (HIF-1 α),VEGF-A and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR-2) was significantly reduced (P < 0.05).Conclusions Rhizoma Pleionis inhibits the epithelial-mesenchymal transition of breast cancer by influencing the angiogenesis of VEGF-A,and inhibits the invasion and metastasis of breast cancer.

5.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 826-828, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744456

ABSTRACT

Objective To invOstigatO thO clinical OffOct of thO ultrasound monitoring curOttagO and balloon placOmOnt hOmostas in thO trOatmOnt of cOsarOan scar prOgnancy.Methods From May 2014 to May 2016, thO clinical data of 13 casOs with cOsarOan scar prOgnancy in thO POoplO's Hospital of HOchuan District wOrO rOtrospOctivOly analyzOd. All 13 casOs rOcOivOd mOthotrOxatO, ultrasonic monitoring curOttagO and balloon placOmOnt hOmostas thOrapy wOrO obsOrvOd.Results Of 13 casOs,11 casOs wOrO curOd, including 9 casOs of gOstational sac OndogOnous typO and mass typO 2 casOs. ThO intraopOrativO blOOding was (167 ± 101)mL, thO opOration timO was (12.3 ± 6.3)min, thO blood HCG droppOd to normal timO was (37.2 ± 13.8)d. ThOrO wOrO 2 casOs of failurO, all of which wOrO OxogOnous gOstational sac .Conclusion Utrasound monitoring curOttagO combinOd with balloon comprOssion is a simplO, safO and Oconomical mOthod for thO trOatmOnt of OndogOnous typO of caOsarOan scar prOgnancy, which is worthy of clinical promotion.

6.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1658-1662, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801455

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the Rhizoma Pleionis mediating vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A)-related angiogenesis in breast cancer cells to inhibit epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in breast cancer.@*Methods@#Firstly, the proliferation activity of MDA-MB-231 and 4T1 of breast cancer cells was detected by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) method at different concentrations (0.2 g/ml, 0.4 g/ml, 0.6 g/ml, 0.8 g/ml, 1.0 g/ml); secondly, the specific concentration of Rhizoma Pleionis was selected and tested by Transwell test for its effect on breast cancer cell metastasis and invasion. The formation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) capillary wall was measured to detect the effect of Rhizoma Pleionis on cell angiogenesis. The EMT-related protein and angiogenesis-related molecules were detected by Western blot.@*Results@#MTT results showed that Rhizoma Pleionis of 0.8 g/ml and 1.0 g/ml can inhibit the MDA-MB-231 and 4T1 cells proliferation in a dose-dependent manner, with statistically significant difference (P<0.05). Rhizoma Pleionis can inhibit the invasion of breast cancer cells and inhibit the formation of blood vessel walls in HUVECs. Western blot confirmed that the expression level of EMT-related proteins: E-cadherin was significantly increased and the expression level of N-cadherin, Vimentin and Snail was significantly decreased after treatment with Rhizoma Pleionis (P<0.05); and the level of the related molecule hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), VEGF-A and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR-2) was significantly reduced (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#Rhizoma Pleionis inhibits the epithelial-mesenchymal transition of breast cancer by influencing the angiogenesis of VEGF-A, and inhibits the invasion and metastasis of breast cancer.

7.
Progress in Modern Biomedicine ; (24): 4391-4393,4267, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606807

ABSTRACT

Serine protease inhibitor (serpin) is a kind of serine protease activity regulator,which including nine subfamilies (SERPIN A ~ I).SERPINE (Serpin Peptidase Inhibitor,Clade E) can regulate many important life processes.In this paper,the physical and chemical properties,mechanisms and regulatory factors of SERPINE1 and SERPINE2 in the two important members of SERPINE family are introduced,and the research progress of SERPINE family in the fibrosis related diseases is described.

8.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 1416-1419, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512944

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical value of two kinds of imunoassay method including CLIA and ELISA in the detection of related antibody of patients with HCV.Methods 60 patients with HCV were chosen as study subjects,and the related antibodies of patients were detected by CLIA and ELISA.The positive rates of anti HCV antibody,anti-3E antibody,anti-GP210 antibody,anti-SP100 antibody,anti-PML antibody and anti-AMA -M2 antibody detected by CLIA and ELISA were compared.Results The positive rates of anti-HCV antibody detected by CLIA and ELISA were 83.33% (50/60),98.33% (59/60),respectively.The anti-HCV antibody detected by CLIA was significantly higher than by ELISA (x2 =4.73,P =0.03).The positive rates of anti-3E antibody,anti-GP210 antibody,anti-SP100 antibody,anti-PML antibody and anti-AMA-M2 antibody detected by ELISA were 11.67 % (7/60),6.67 % (4/60),11.67 % (7/60),10.00 % (6/60),11.67 % (7/60),respectively,those detected by CLIA were 73.33 % (44/60),50.00% (30/60),38.33 % (23/60),58.33 % (35/60),80.00%(48/60),respectively.The positive rates of anti-3E antibody,anti-GP210 antibody,anti-SP1O0 antibody,anti PML antibody and anti-AMA-M2 antibody detected by CLIA were significantly higher than by ELISA(x2 =18.81,11.51,13.23,15.08,13.75,all P<0.05).Concelusion Compared with ELISA,CLIA in the detection of related antibodies of patients with HCV can efficiently higher the positive rate of anti-HCV and autoantibody.

9.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 2635-2637, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495368

ABSTRACT

Objective To use the genetic diagnosis technique to perform the gene detection in the patients with thalassemia for understanding the main gene mutation types and their gene frequencies .Methods Totally 5 500 outpatients and individuals un‐dergoing physical examination in the hematology department of the Huizhou Municipal Central People′s Hospital from January 2010 to October 2014 were taken as the research subjects .The GAP‐PCR and membrane reverse hypridition technology were adopted to conduct the gene analysis of α‐andβ‐thalassemia .Results A total of 1 604 cases ofα‐globin gene change were detected ,accounting for 29 .16% of the total detected subjects ;1 096 cases ofβ‐globin gene change were detected ,accounting for 19 .93% of the total de‐tected subjects ;119 cases of αβ‐complex thalassemia were detected .Conclusion The gene screening of α‐ and β‐ thalassemia pro‐vides the valuable basic data for conducting the marital and fertility instructions .

10.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 282-287, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494877

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the characteristics and the correlative factors of constipation in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients.Methods The demographic information,clinical features and history of medications of 193 patients with idiopathic PD consulting in the outpatient department of the First Affiliated Hospital,Anhui Medical University were collected.Patients were evaluated using following scales:Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale Ⅲ (UPDRS Ⅲ),Hoehn-Yahr stage,Bristol Scoring Scale,Cleveland Constipation Scoring Scale (CCS),Scale for Outcomes in PD-autonomic for Autonomic Symptoms,Simple Food Frequency Questionnaire,Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD),Mini Mental State Examination.The patients were divided into constipation group and non-constipation group based on Rome Ⅲ Criteria for Diagnosis of Functional Constipation,and the correlative factors of constipation were compared and analyzed between the two groups.The severity of constipation and influencing factors were also compared between patients with early onset constipation (occurred before present of motor symptoms) and patients with late onset constipation (occurred after present of motor symptoms).The impacts of anti-PD medication adjustments on constipation were assessed by observing the alteration of constipation severity in 41 PD patients.Results The incidence of constipation was 56.4% (109/193) in our cohort of PD patients,and 21.1% (23/109) of constipation was severe according to the assessing by CCS.The spectrum of constipation symptoms included defecation straining (89.9%,98/109),poor stool output (67.9%,74/ 109),reduced stool frequency (63.3%,69/109) and dryness of stool (60.5%,66/109).The age,disease duration,scores of Hoehn-Yahr stage,UPDRS Ⅲ and HAMD,levodopa equivalent dose (LED),frequency of urination disturbance in constipation group were significantly higher than those in nonconstipation group,while the daily quantities of vegetable and water intake in constipation group were significantly lower than those in non-constipation group.Age and HAMD scores were the independent risk factors of constipation (OR=1.049,95% CI 1.014-1.086,P=0.006;OR=1.316,95% CI 1.185-1.461,P =0.000).Among the 109 constipation patients,the course of PD,scores of Hoehn-Yahr stage,UPDRSⅢ and LED were positively correlated with the severity of constipation (r =0.269,0.338,0.315,0.341,0.371,all P < 0.05),with HAMD score being the independent risk factor of constipation severity (OR =1.175,95% CI 1.044-1.322,P < 0.05).The severity of constipation and risk factors of constipation in patients with early onset constipation were not distinct from those with late onset constipation.Conclusions The incidence of constipation increases with the increment of age,disease duration,Hoehn-Yahr stage,UPDRS Ⅲ scores,LED,HAMD scores,urination disorder severity and the decrement of daily water and vegetable intakes.The severity of constipation is positively related to the severity of motor symptoms,the daily dose of anti-PD drugs and depression levels.PD patients with early onset constipation are not distinct from the patients with late onset constipation in terms of severity and risk factors.The influences of anti-PD drugs on constipation are variable depending on the specific drug used and individual constitution.Individualized treatment regimes are proposed with respect to the management of constipation according to the specific risk factors in PD patients.

11.
International Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 1752-1754, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494827

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the pathogenic bacterial distribution and drug resistance situation of multi‐drug resistant bacterial strain mixed infection among postoperative traumatic patients in Zaoyang area to provide a reference for clinical treatment . Methods A total of 71 traumatic cases of multi‐drug resistant bacterial strain mixed nosocomial infection were selected and per‐formed the bacterial culture and drug resistance analysis according to the samples taking from different infection sites .The the re‐sults were statistically analyzed .Results Among 71 cases of multi‐drug resistant strains mixed infection ,205 multi‐drug resistant strains of bacteria were isolated .Among them ,119 (58 .05% ) strains were Gram‐negative bacteria ,Gram‐positive bacteria was in 83 strians(40 .49% ) and fungus was in 3 strains(1 .46% ) .The resistance of Escherichia coli ,Klebsiella pneumoniae ,Enterobacter and Serratia to more than 10 kinds of antibacterial drugs was more than 50% ,which to ampicillin ,cephalothin ,cefuroxime ,azlocillin ,ce‐fotaxime cefuroxime ,azlocillin ,cefotaxime and cefoperazone was more than 80% ,while which to imipenem and amikacin was only 5 .88% and 28 .57% respectively .The resistance rates of Gram‐positive bacteria represented by Staphylococcus aureus ,Staphylococ‐cus epidermidis ,Staphylococcus haemolyticus and Streptococcus pneumoniae to penicillin G ,oxacillin and ampicillin generally reached 98 .80% ,97 .59% ,and 95 .18% respectively .No Gram‐positive bacteria was resistant to vancomycin ,in addition the resist‐ance to rifampin and chloramphenicol also was only 32 .53% and 34 .94% respectively .Conclusion In early stage of infection ,it is unable to determine the types of pathogenic bacteria and difficult to select sensitive antibacterial drugs ,under this occasion ,the com‐bination of imipenem and vancomycin is a good choice .

12.
Journal of International Pharmaceutical Research ; (6): 39-43, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-491939

ABSTRACT

Protein phosphatase 2A(PP2A)is the main serine/threonine protein phosphatase of the brain,and it is involved in many physiological and pathological processes in the cell. Particularly in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer′s disease(AD),PP2A is closely related to the main pathological features of AD. Deregulation of PP2A enzymes correlates with increased tau phosphorylation, the formation of amyloid precursor protein,and the missing of neurons. PP2A as the target of drug development may bring new hope for the treatment of AD. This review introduces the structure and activity regulation of PP2A,and the role of PP2A in AD.

13.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1378-1380, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460360

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the mental health states of health system staffs in a district of Chongqing municipality. Methods Seven hundred and seventy-three health system staffs were taken as the research subjects for conducting the investigation by the Symptoms Checklist-90 (SCL-90).With the total SCL-90 score >160 as the positive psychological symptom,the total mean scores of SCL-90 and the 9 items of factor score of somatization,obsession,personal relations,depression,anxiety,hostility,dread, paranoid and psychotics were performed the statistical analysis.Results The positive rate of psychological symptoms in 773 health system staffs was 17.46% (135/773),among them which in the clinical nurses,clinicians and nonclinical staffs were 23.20%(58/250),15.63%(50/320)and 13.30%(27/203)respectively.The somatization and obsession scores of the health system staffs in this district were obviously higher than those of the national norm (P 0.05).The total mean scores of the clinical nurses were higher than those of the non-clinical staffs(P <0.05).Conclusion The scores of multiple factors had significant differences between the health system staffs in this district and the national norm.The psychological health status in the clinicians was poorer than that in the non-clinical staffs,especially the psychological health status in the clinical nurses were much poorer.

14.
International Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 3375-3376, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-457710

ABSTRACT

Objective Effects of plasma VEGF,serum AFP and CRP levels in patients with primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)change and correlation analysis.Methods using ELISA method,chemiluminescence method,immune transmission turbi-dimetry,in March 2010 to November 2012 in our hospital during the period of inpatient and outpatient clinic of 35 cases of primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC),33 cases of patients with cirrhosis,the plasma VEGF,serum AFP and the determination of the content of CRP and collect 32 normal healthy people at the same time the determination results of comparison.Results the plasma VEGF in HCC (primary hepatocellular carcinoma (group)and serum CRP and LC group (cirrhosis)and NC (healthy control group),the difference was statistically significant (P<0.01),there is no correlation between VEGF and AFP,the joint detection can improve the sensitivity of HCC diagnosis (91.6%)and accuracy (90.3%),plasma VEGF in patients with hepatocellular carci-noma group,serum AFP and the expression of CRP level is significantly higher than normal control group.Conclusion To detect the plasma VEGF,serum AFP and the change of CRP level,changes in patients with primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)dis-ease process,has certain relevance and important clinical value.

15.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 268-270, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-447730

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the value of amplitude integrated electroencephalographic(aEEG) monitoring in early neonatal brain injury and prognosis of asphyxia neonatal.Methods Seventy-two subjects of asphyxia children were divided into mild asphyxia group and severe asphyxia group.We selected 45 cases of full-term healthy children born in our hospital as control group in the same term.All the objects were observed by aEEG monitoring within 6 hours.According to the aEEG results,all the samples were redivided into normal aEEG group,mildly abnormal aEEG group and severely abnormal aEEG group.All subjects were followed-up to observe their physical growth and the nervous system development at one-year-old.Results Incidence of abnormal aEEG in mild asphyxia group and severe asphyxia group was significantly higher than that of control group(x2 =26.996,47.07,P < 0.01,respectively),and incidence of abnormal aEEG in severe asphyxia group was significantly higher than that of mild asphyxia group (x2 =7.76,P < 0.05).There was no significant difference in all subjects about physical development (height and weight) (P > 0.05),all of their mental index and developmental quotient were lower in severely abnormal aEEG group (x2 =13.450,15.285,P < 0.01,respectively).Conclusion aEEG can be used to assess the early neonatal brain injury of asphyxia neonatal,and it can be used to predict the prognosis of neonatal asphyxia based on the abnormal degree of aEEG.

16.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 127-135, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-499752

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the anti-arrhythmic activity and cardioprotective effects of Wenxin Granula, a traditional Chinese formula (consisting of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix, Polygonati Rhizoma, Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Nardostachyos Radix et Rhizoma, Angelicae Sinensis Radix, and Succinum), on heart in ischemic-induced myocardial infarction (MI) rats and compare with those of Amiodarone which have been demonstrated in clinic. Methods Rats were randomly divided into Sham-operated (control), Ml + Amiodarone [5 mg/(kg·d)] (MI), and MI + Wenxin Granula [10 mg/(kg·d)] groups and left anterior descending coronary artery was occluded in each group. After left anterior descending for 12 h, standard lead Ⅱ of administration electrocardiogram was recorded in order to analyze the occurrence of arrhythmia. After one month, the size of the infarct area of heart was evaluated by TTC staining method and haemodynamic function was assessed to detect the heart function. Laser scanning confocal microscope and the technique of patch clamp were used to detect the intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]j) and L-type calcium current (ICa-L), respectively. Results Both Wenxin Granula [10 mg/(kg·d)] and Amiodarone [5 mg/(kg·d)] could markedly decrease the incidence of arrhythmia in heart of rats which were subjected to ischemic injury. After one month, Wenxin Granula could significantly decrease mortality to 22.22% and reduce the infarct area (P < 0.05), but Amiodarone did not. The mechanism may involve that Wenxin Granula attenuated [Ca2+]j decreasing in MI rats. Additionally, Wenxin Granula could obviously ameliorate the impaired heart function of MI rats by decreasing the elevated left ventricular end-diastolic pressure and increasing the attenuated maximum change velocity of left ventricular pressure in the isovolumic contraction or relaxation period. On the other hand, electrophysiological experiment results revealed that Wenxin Granula administration one month later also increased the reduced ICa-L density in rat ventricular myocytes in MI rats. The results of LSCM showed that Wenxin Granula could recover the amplitude of [Ca2+]j decreased by heart failure during long term. Conclusion Wenxin Granula could not only inhibit the incidence of arrhythmia but also decrease the mortality, which was accompanied by recovering the amplitude of [Ca2+]j. This protective effect of Wenxin Granula may partially be mediated through changing ICa-L.as well as increasing [Ca2+]j.

17.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 2046-2048, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-421881

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the feasibility and superiority of video-assisted minithoracotomy surgery (VAMT) in treatment of adolescent patients with primary spontaneous pneumothorax. MethodsThe clinical data of 103 adolescent patients with spontaneous pneumothorax were analyzed retrospectively. VAMTS was performed in 56 cases and video-assisted thoracoseopic surgery(VATS) was performed in 47 cases. complications Statistical analysis were undergoing in middle-operation, post-operation and ambi-operation in the two groups were analyzed. ResultsNo statistically significant difference were found in blood loss ,operating time,pain grade, out-of-bed activity time, antibiotics use time,chest drainage time,hospital day pulmonary infection between the two groups( all P >0.05 ). The cost of hospitalization was lower in VAMTS group compare to VATS group ( P < 0.05). ConclusionVAMT in treatment of adolescent patients with primary spontaneous pneumothorax had the advantage of simple performance, reliable effectiveness, practical,lower cost of hospitalization fee.

18.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 247-251, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-389950

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare clinical effect of gonadotropin releasing hormone agonist(GnRH-a) alone and GnRH-a combined with low-dose dydrogesteronea and estradiol valerate on sex hormone, hypoestrogenic symptoms, quality of life and bone mineral density (BMD)in treatment of endometriosis.Methods Seventy patients with moderate or severe endometriosis, who were diagnosed by laparotomy or laparoscopic surgery within two months, were randomly assigned into two groups.35 patients in GnRH-a group were treated by goserelin (3.6 mg)for three months, and 35 patients in add-back group were treated by goserelin (3.6 mg)combined with estradiol valerate 0.5 mg and dydrogesteronea 5 mg daily.Before and after the treatment, clinical parameters were recorded and analyzed, including visual analog scale (VAS), medical outcomes survey short form 36 (SF-36), Kupperman menopausal index(KMI), BMD, the serum level of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), estradiol (E_2) and bone gla-protein (BGP) .The first menstruation and VAS were also followed up after treatment.Results Every 3 cases in two groups lost follow-up.(1)Reproductive hormone: the level of E_2 in add-back group [(94 ± 71) pmol/L]was significantly higher than (54±52) pmol/L in GnRH-a group(P <0.01).The level of FSH in add-back group [(3.0 ± 1.9) U/L]was significantly lower than (5.7 ± 2.9) U/L in GnRH-a group (P < 0.05).(2) VAS: after treatment, VAS in both group decreased significantly when compared with that before treatment(P < 0.05), and remained until menstruated.(3) KMI: KMI in add back-group (10 ± 8) was significantly lower than (14 ± 6) in GnRH-a group (P < 0.05).(4) BMD: compared with that before treatment, BMD decreased significantly after treatment in GnRH-a group (P < 0.05), no remarkable difference of BMD was observed before and after treatment in add-back group.Before treatment, serum BGP in both groups did not show statistical difference.After treatment, the level of BGP in GnRH-a group [(7932±5206) ng/L]was significantly higher than (5419±2917) ng/L in add-back group (P <0.05).Conclusions GnRH-a combined with estrogen-progesterone regimen could relieve pain from endometriosis as effectively as GnRH-a alone and reduce hypoestrogenic symptoms and bone loss.Therefore,it is a safe and effective treatment.

19.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 1210-1213, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-397484

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the short-term outcome of local intraarterial thrombolysis in patients with acute ischemic stroke of the anterior circulation. Methods 24 patients with acute ischemic stroke of the anterior cir-culation within 8 hours were treated by local intraarterial thrombolysis. Arterial recanalization was divided into total, partial and occlusive respectively according to angiography. Evaluation of clinical outcome was performed on the 30th day after thrombolysis,and was classified as good for Modified Rankin Scale (MRS) scores of 0 to Ⅲ and poor for MRS scores of Ⅳ to Ⅵ. Results Total recanalization was obtained in 54.2 % of patients, partial recanalization in 25.0%. Clinical outcome was good in 15 patients (62.5%). Cerebral hemorrhage occurred in 4 patients (16.7%). Four patients died (16.7%). Conclusion Local intraarterial thrombolysis is an effective method for treatment of a-cute iachemic stroke of the anterior circulation. It needs further practice and long-term follow-up study on safety and long-term efficacy.

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China Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12)2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-565719

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect and mechanism of Bushen Yiqi Prescription on apoptosis of human first trimester trophoblasts.Methods:Isolated from first trimester placental tissues,human trophoblasts cultured in media with 5%, 10%,20%drug-containing serum for a 24,48 or 72h period.Then we measured cell viability by MTT assay,cell DNA content by flow cytomester,cell Caspase-3 enzyme activity by Caspase-3 active assay kit,and,cell Fas,FasL,Bcl-2 and XIAP protein.Results:Absorbency of trophoblast in 490nm wavelength increased greatly after being incubated with drug-containing serum for 24,48,and 72 h(P

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