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1.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 863-870, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956232

ABSTRACT

Objective:This study aimed to systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of ivabradine in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy, and to provide evidence-based reference for clinical treatment.Methods:We searched PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, CNKI, Wan Fang, VIP databases from inception to 1 September 2021 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared conventional therapies and ivabradine with conventional therapies in dilated cardiomyopathy patients. Studies meeting the inclusion criteria were included and analyzed. After data extraction and literature quality evaluation, we use the Review Manager 5.4 to perform the meta-analysis and publication bias test.Results:5 studies enrolling 494 patients were included. Compared with conventional therapies (control group), ivabradine and conventional therapies (observation group) significantly reduced resting heart rate [ MD=-7.58, 95% CI(-12.40, -2.76), Z=3.08, P=0.002], left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVEDD) [ MD=-4.48, 95% CI(-7.33, -1.64), Z=3.09, P=0.002], left ventricular end systolic diameter (LVESD) [ MD=-4.94, 95% CI(-7.29, -2.59), Z=4.12, P<0.001], B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) [ MD=-212.39, 95% CI(-230.55, -194.23), Z=22.92, P<0.001], New York Heart Association (NYHA) class [ MD=-0.36, 95% CI(-0.44, -0.27), Z=8.46, P<0.001] and Minnesota Questionnaire Score [ MD=-10.43, 95% CI(-15.72, -5.13), Z=3.86, P=0.001]. The left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) levels [ MD=1.31, 95% CI(0.64, 1.97), Z=3.85, P=0.001], 6-minute walk test level (6MWT) [ MD=54.83, 95% CI(40.58, 69.08), Z=7.54, P<0.001], systolic blood pressure [ MD=4.72, 95% CI(0.91, 8.54), Z=2.43, P=0.02], the incidence of visual symptoms (phosphene) [ OR=7.22, 95% CI(1.32, 45.00), P=0.02] and symptomatic bradycardia [ OR=8.90, 95% CI(1.21, 65.75), P=0.03] in the observation group were higher than those in the control group after treatment. In addition, there were no significant difference in the incidence of acute event between the two groups [ OR=0.72, 95% CI(0.12, 4.29), P=0.72]. Conclusions:Meta analysis showed that ivabradine combined β receptor blockers can effectively reduce resting heart rate and improve cardiac function in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy, but may increase the incidence of hallucinations and symptomatic bradycardia.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2040-2045, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942657

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of Yangxue Rougan pills on a rat model of liver fibrosis induced by multiple factors and the mechanism of action of Yangxue Rougan pills in the treatment of liver fibrosis. Methods A total of 50 male rats were randomly divided into blank control group, multi-factor model group, Fuzheng Huayu capsule group, and high-, middle-, and low-dose Yangxue Rougan pill groups. The rats in the blank control group were given normal water and feed, and those in the other groups were given modified high-fat low-protein diet and 5% alcohol, as well as subcutaneous injection of olive oil solution containing 40% carbon tetrachloride and intraperitoneal injection of pig serum 0.5 mL per rat, twice a week for 12 consecutive weeks. Since week 7, the rats in the high-, middle-, and low-dose Yangxue Rougan pill groups were given Yangxue Rougan pills at a dose of 9.5, 4.75, and 2.38 g/kg, respectively, those in the Fuzheng Huayu capsule group were given Fuzheng Huayu capsules at a dose of 0.75 g/kg, and those in the blank control group and the multi-factor model group were given an equal volume of distilled water by gavage every day for 6 consecutive weeks. The rats were treated at week 12. HE staining and Masson staining were used to observe the degree of liver fibrosis in rats, and PCR and Western blot were used to measure the expression of TGF-β1, Smad3, and Smad7 in the liver. A one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison of continuous data between multiple groups, and the Dunnett's t -test was used for further comparison between two groups. Results Compared with the blank control group, the multi-factor model group had a severely damaged lobular structure and a significantly higher degree of liver fibrosis, with the formation of pseudolobules with different sizes; compared with the multi-factor model group, the Yangxue Rougan pill groups had a significant improvement in the degree of liver fibrosis, with the most significant therapeutic effect in the high- and middle-dose Yangxue Rougan pill groups. Compared with the blank control group, the multi-factor model group had significant increases in the expression of TGF-β1 and Smad3 and a significant reduction in the expression of Smad7 in liver tissue (all P < 0.05); compared with the multi-factor model group, the Yangxue Rougan pill groups had a significant reduction in the expression of TGF-β1 and a significant increase in the expression of Smad7 (all P < 0.05); compared with the multi-factor model group, the high- and middle-dose Yangxue Rougan pill groups had a significant reduction in the expression of Smad3 (both P < 0.05). Conclusion Yangxue Rougan pills can significantly inhibit liver fibrosis in rats by downregulating the expression of TGF-β1 and Smad3 and upregulating the expression of Smad7, and therefore, the TGF-β1/Smad signaling pathway is one of the mechanisms of action of Yangxue Rougan pills in improving liver fibrosis.

3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1120-1125, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928032

ABSTRACT

Since the implementation of drug registration in China, the classification of Chinese medicine has greatly met the needs of public health and effectively guided the transformation, inheritance, and innovation of research achievements on traditional Chinese medicine(TCM). In the past 30 years, the development of new Chinese medicine has followed the registration transformation model of " one prescription for single drug". This model refers to the R&D and registration system of modern drugs, and approximates to the " law-abiding" medication method in TCM clinic, while it rarely reflects the sequential therapy of syndrome differentiation and comprehensive treatment with multiple measures. In 2017, Opinions on Deepening the Reform of Review and Approval System and Encouraging the Innovation of Drugs and Medical Devices released by the General Office of the CPC Central Committee and the General Office of the State Council pointed out that it is necessary to " establish and improve the registration and technical evaluation system in line with the characteristics of Chinese medicine, and handle the relationship between the traditional advantages of Chinese medicine and the requirements of modern drug research". Therefore, based on the development law and characteristics of TCM, clinical thinking should be highlighted in the current technical requirements and registration system of research and development of Chinese medicine. Based on the current situation of registration supervision of Chinese medicine and the modern drug research in China, the present study analyzed limitations and deficiency of " one prescription for single drug" in the research and development of Chinese medicine. Additionally, a new type of " series prescriptions" was proposed, which was consistent with clinical thinking and clinical reality. This study is expected to contribute to the independent innovation and high-quality development of the TCM industry.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Prescriptions , Public Health
4.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 613-617, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866870

ABSTRACT

2019 Novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) destroys angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) and breaks the balance of renin-angiotension system (RAS) by interacting with ACE2. The imbalance of RAS takes part in the development of organ injury of different systems through pro-inflammation, oxidative stress, cell proliferation and so on. 2019-nCoV not only attacks the lung, but also influences many other systems. It is speculated that RAS imbalance plays an important role in the development of multi-organ dysfunction caused by 2019-nCoV, and the usage of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor/angiotensin Ⅱ receptor blocker (ACEI/ARB) may become a new treatment of 2019-nCoV-related organ injury. Further studies are need to confirm the relationship between coronavirus infection, multi-organ injury and RAS imbalance.

5.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 916-921, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879324

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relevance ratio of osteoporosis and bone mass of middle aged and elderly people in Beijing communities, in order to understand occurrence and development trend of abnormality of bone mass in high-risk population from community.@*METHODS@#Based on the method of cross-sectional investigation, the information data of 1 540 middle-aged and elderly people from 10 communities were collected, including 415 males and 1 125 females, aged from 45 to 80 years old with the average of (63.02±7.15) years old; the height was (161.34±7.24) cm, the weight was (65.90±10.19) kg, body mass index was (25.29±3.32) kg /m2. Bone mineral density (BMD) of lumbar vertebrae (L@*RESULTS@#The level of β-CTX was(0.27±0.12) ng /ml, procollanen type 1 N-terminal propeptide(P1NP) was(51.03± 22.36) ng /ml, 25(OH) D3 was (16.68±6.24) ng /ml, serum calcium was(2.34±0.09) mmol / L, blood phosphorus was (1.43± 0.37) mmol / L, and blood magnesium was (0.94±0.07) mmol / L, alkaline phosphatase was (79.28±20.48) U/ L, parathyroid hormone was (3.09±1.60) pmol / L, osteocalcin was (13.29±6.65) ng /ml. Except for blood magnesium, the other indexes had significant differences between different sex groups(@*CONCLUSION@#There are obvious differences in relevance ratio of osteoporosis and low bone mass among different sites. It is suggested that the clinical diagnosis of osteoporosis should be combined with bone mineral density and bone metabolic markers. With the increasing prevalence of osteoporosis among middle aged and elderly people in Beijing community, continuous follow-up research based on community primary health care units could promote early examination, early diagnosis, and early treatment of middle aged and elderly people at high risk of osteoporosis in community.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Absorptiometry, Photon , Beijing/epidemiology , Bone Density , Cross-Sectional Studies , Osteoporosis/epidemiology
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1943-1951, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827891

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) have the ability to differentiate into all subsets of blood cells and self-renew. Large tumor suppressor 1 (LATS1) and large tumor suppressor 2 (LATS2) kinases are essential for cell cycle regulation, organism fitness, genome integrity, and cancer prevention. Here, we investigated whether Lats1 and Lats2 are critical for the maintenance of the self-renewal and quiescence capacities of HSCs in mice.@*METHODS@#Quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was used to determine the expression levels of Lats1 and Lats2 in subsets of progenitor cells and mature bone marrow cells. A clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats system was used to generate Lats1 or Lats2 knockout mice. Complete blood cell counts were used to compare the absolute number of white blood cells, lymphocytes, monocytes, neutrophils, and platelets between Lats1 or Lats2 heterozygotes and littermates. Flow cytometry was used to assess the size of hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) and HSC pools in Lats1 or Lats2 heterozygotes and littermates. The comparison between the two groups was analyzed using Student's t test.@*RESULTS@#Lats1 and Lats2 were widely expressed in hematopoietic cells with higher expression levels in primitive hematopoietic cells than in mature cells. Lats1 or Lats2 knockout mice were generated, with the homozygotes showing embryonic lethality. The size of the HPC and HSC pools in Lats1 (HPC: wild-type [WT] vs. heterozygote, 220,426.77 ± 54,384.796 vs. 221,149.4 ± 42,688.29, P = 0.988; HSC: WT vs. heterozygote, 2498.932 ± 347.856 vs. 3249.763 ± 370.412, P = 0.105) or Lats2 (HPC: WT vs. heterozygote, 425,540.52 ± 99,721.86 vs. 467,127.8 ± 89,574.48, P = 0.527; HSC: WT vs. heterozygote, 4760.545 ± 1518.01 vs. 5327.437 ± 873.297, P = 0.502) heterozygotes were not impaired. Moreover, the depletion of Lats1 or Lats2 did not affect the overall survival of the heterozygotes (Lats1: P = 0.654; Lats2: P = 0.152).@*CONCLUSION@#These results indicate that a single allele of Lats1 or Lats2 may be sufficient for normal hematopoiesis.

7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1292-1297, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827602

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Extra-corporeal video telescope operating monitor system provides a necessary instrument to perform high-precision neurosurgical procedures that could substitute or supplement the traditional surgical microscope. The present study was designed to evaluate a compact high-definition two-dimensional exoscope system for assisting in surgical removal of large vestibular schwannoma (VS), as an alternative to a binocular surgical microscope.@*METHODS@#Patients with Koos grade 3 and grade 4 VS undergoing surgery were enrolled in this prospective cohort study between January 2013 and June 2018. The demographics and tumor characteristics (size, Koos grade, composition [cystic or solid mass]) were matched between the two groups of patients. The following outcome measurements were compared between the two groups: duration of surgery, volume of blood loss, extent of tumor resection, number of operating field adjustments, pre- and post-operative facial and cochlear nerve function evaluated at 3 months post-surgery, complications and surgeons' comfortability.@*RESULTS@#A total of 81 patients received tumor resection through the retrosigmoid approach under either an exoscope (cases, n = 39) or a surgical microscope (control, n = 42). Patients in the two groups had comparable tumor location (P = 0.439), Koos grading (P = 0.867), and composition (P = 0.891). While no significant differences in the duration of surgery (P = 0.172), extent of tumor resection (P = 0.858), facial function (P = 0.838), and hearing ability (P = 1.000), patients operated on under an exoscope had less blood loss (P = 0.036) and a fewer field adjustments (P < 0.001). Both primary and assistant surgeons reported a high level of comfort operating under the exoscope (P = 0.001 and P < 0.001, respectively).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The compact high-definition two-dimensional exoscope system provides a safe and efficient means to assist in removing large VSs, as compared to a surgical microscope. After the acquaintance with a visual perception through a dynamic hint and stereoscopically viewing corresponding to the motion parallax, the exoscope system provided a comfortable, high-resolution visualization without compromising operational efficiency and patient safety.

8.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 159-163, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694363

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of Xuebijing injection on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-mediated the procoagulant activity of tissue factor (TF) in abdominal aortic endothelial cells from rats.Methods Abdominal aortic endothelial cells from rats were randomLy(random number) divided into the control group,LPS group (500 ng/mL),Xuebijing group (1,5,25 μL/mL),and LPS+Xuebijing group (1,5,25 μL/mL),respectively.Cell proliferation was measured by CCK8 and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level in supematants was determined at 24,48,and 72 h;Expressions ofinositol-requiring enzyme-1α (IRE 1α),unspliced-box binding protein-1 (uXBP-1),spliced-box binding protein 1 sXBP-1),and protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) were determined by Western blotting at 72 h.Procoagulant activity of TF was measured as the ability of monolayer to support activation of factor with the addition of a and Ca2+ by chromogenic substrate method.Results Compared with the control group,the cell proliferation was decreased and LDH level was increased in the LPS group (P<0.05),and there were markedly up-regulated in the expression of IRE1 α,uXBP1,sXBP1,and PDI (P<0.05).Compared with the control group,treatment with Xuebijing injection could promote cell proliferation and reduce the release of LDH (P<0.05 or P<0.01),which were gradually enhanced along with the observational intervals.Compared with the LPS group,the LPS+Xuebijing group showed obviously higher cell proliferation and lower release of LDH (P<0.05 or P<0.01),expressions of IRE 1 α,uXBP 1,sXBP 1,and PDI were significantly reduced (P<0.01);meanwhile,F Ⅹ a activity was decreased in the LPS+Xuebijing group,and 5 μ L/mL Xuebijing was the optimal dose in down-regulation of F Ⅹ a.Conclusions These results suggest that treatment with Xuebijing injection can markedly down-regulate the expression of PDI by inhibiting the IRE1α-XBP1 signaling pathway to suppress the procoagulant activity of TF in abdominal aortic endothelial cells from rats.

9.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 282-287, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-983921

ABSTRACT

Allele-specific polymerase chain reaction (AS-PCR) is a technique based on allele-specific primers, which can be used to analyze single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) effectively including the transition, transversion and insertion/deletion polymorphism and has been exploited in the study of diseases research, molecular diagnosis, and forensic biological evidence. The article systematically reviews the principle, the detection methods, improvement of AS-PCR, and its research updates in the fields of autosome, Y chromosome and mitochondrial SNP, as well as its application in forensic science.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alleles , DNA Primers , Forensic Sciences , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polymorphism, Genetic , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
10.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 96-109, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-983888

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To develop a multiplex allele-specific PCR (AS-PCR) assay with three-color fluorescence labeling for mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) SNP typing.@*METHODS@#Based on the principle of AS-PCR, the primer sets were designed for 20 SNP located on the coding region of mtDNA and divided into 2 groups labeled with FAM and HEX fluorescence, respectively. A primer set included two forward (reverse) allelic specific primers with different sizes and a generic reverse (forward) primer. Blood samples from 200 unrelated individuals were analyzed by AS-PCR and capillary electrophoresis. Three random samples at least for each SNP site were examined and verified by direct sequencing. The haplotype frequency was investigated.@*RESULTS@#Distinct electropherograms of 200 blood samples were obtained successfully. The typing results of direct sequencing were identical to those obtained from AS-PCR. The minimum detectable DNA concentration was 0.2 pg under the system of 10 microL. The sensitivity of the DNA concentrations ranged from 0.5 to 5 pg. The 200 individuals were assigned into 15 haplotype, and the haplotype diversity was 0.906 0.@*CONCLUSION@#AS-PCR is a simple, rapid and efficient method for mtDNA SNP typing, and can be applied to forensic practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alleles , DNA , DNA Primers , DNA, Mitochondrial/analysis , Electrophoresis, Capillary , Haplotypes , Mitochondria , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Sequence Analysis, DNA
11.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 47-49, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-983880

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a multiplex genotyping system of mtDNA SNP.@*METHODS@#A multiplex analysis system of 16-plex mtDNA SNP loci was established with allele specific PCR and capillary electrophoresis genotyping technology. Fifty samples from unrelated Chinese Han individuals were typed with the multiplex system. The multiplex assay was validated by comparing with the direct sequencing method.@*RESULTS@#The genotypes of all 50 samples were correctly determined by the multiplex system. The optimal genotypic graphs were obtained with an input DNA of 0.5-10 pg, and the typing results were completely consistent with those by direct sequencing method.@*CONCLUSION@#The established multiplex system by allele specific PCR has high sensitivity, operational simplicity and high accuracy. It provides an effective and high output method for mtDNA SNP typing.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alleles , DNA , DNA, Mitochondrial , Genotype , Genotyping Techniques , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Sequence Analysis, DNA
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 315-319, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332789

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the expression level of the SALL4 gene and its clinical significance in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Real-time quantitative PCR (RQ-PCR) was performed to detect the expression level of SALL4 mRNA in bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMNC) from 35 AML, 12 CML patients and 24 iron deficiency anemia patients as controls. The results indicated that the expression level of SALL4 in AML (0%-14%, median 1.43%) was obviously higher than that in controls (0% - 1%, median 0%) (P < 0.001). SALL4 expression was positive in 65.7% (23/35) AML patients. The frequency of SALL4 expression was in M2 (86.7%, 13/15) > M3 (75.0%, 6/8) > M1 (60.0%, 3/5) > M4 (14.3%, 1/7), and the difference among 4 groups was statistically significant (P = 0.008); there was no correlation of the frequency of SALL4 expression with the age, sex, white blood cell WBC count, hemoglobin concentration, platelet count and chromosomal abnormalities of AML patients (P > 0.05). All the 13 CML cases showed positive expression of SALL4 gene (1% - 128%, median 19.39%), which was higher than that in controls (P < 0.001). The analysis of receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve showed the area under ROC curve (AUC) of AML and CML were 0.983 (95% confidence interval: 0.95 - 1.017) and 0.997 (95% confidence interval: 0.986 - 1.007) respectively. It is concluded that SALL4 expression is a common molecular event and can be considered as a molecular marker for assisting diagnosis of AML and CML.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Case-Control Studies , Gene Expression , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Genetics , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Genetics , Transcription Factors , Genetics
13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 20-24, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-325220

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to detect the expression of RAGE-1 transcript in the bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMNC) from patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and to investigate the relationship of RAGE-1 expression level with clinical variables. The expression level of RAGE-1 gene in BMMNC from 94 newly diagnosed AML patients was measured using RQ-PCR. The relationship between RAGE-1 expression level and clinical parameters (age, sex, blood cell counts, diagnosis and prognosis) was investigated, and the levels of RAGE-1 expression were compared in patients before and after treatment. The results showed that overexpression of RAGE-1 transcript was found in 28% (26/94) AML patients (1.34 - 16.34, median 3.07). No significant difference was observed in sex, age, blood parameters and FAB subtypes between the groups with and without RAGE-1 overexpression. There was also no significant difference in the frequency of RAGE-1 overexpression among different cytogenetic risk groups and among the patients with different types of karyotypes. The level of RAGE-1 transcript significantly decreased in those patients obtained complete remission after treatment. The overall survival of AML patients with RAGE-1 overexpression was similar as that in those without RAGE-1 overexpression. It is concluded that RAGE-1 overexpression is a common event in AML, but has no impact on the prognosis of patients.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cell Line, Tumor , Gene Expression , Karyotyping , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Genetics , Prognosis
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1144-1149, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-342222

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Depression related cognitive deficits are frequently considered as simple epiphenomena of the disorder. However, whether or not the depression might directly bring about cognitive deficits is still under investigation. This study was to investigate the distinct pattern of cognitive deficits in patients with depression by comparing the cognitive function before and after anti-depressive drug therapy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty cases of patients, first-time diagnosed with depression, were assessed by 17-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAMD17scale). The memory ability was tested by quantitatively clinical memory scale, while the attention ability by modified Ruff 2&7 Selective Attention Test. Forty-two healthy volunteers were recruited as controls. The depressive patients were treated with Venlafaxine (75 - 300 mg/d), Fluoxetine (20 - 40 mg/d), Paroxetine (20 - 40 mg/d), and Sertraline (50 - 150 mg/d). After 12 weeks treatment, patients were tested again by HAMD17scale, quantitatively clinical memory scale, and modified Ruff 2&7 selective attention test to assess the effect of anti-depressive drugs on cognitive deficits.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The memory quotient (MQ) was significantly lowered in depressive patients. The selection speed was also significantly decreased and the number of missing and error hits increased in the depression group as compared to control. However, there was no significant difference in clinical memory scale and Ruff 2&7 selective attention test between mild-to-moderate and severe depression group. Importantly, after anti-depressive drug therapy, the HAMD17 scale scores in depressive patients were significantly decreased, but the MQ, directional memory (DM), free recall (FR), associative learning (AL), and face recognition were comparable with those before the treatment. Furthermore, the selection speed and the number of missing and error hits were also not significantly different after anti-depressive drugs treatment.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Depressive patients suffer from short-term memory deficits, and attention extent, stability and rearrangement deficiency. Even though anti-depressive drugs sufficiently relieve the cardinal presentation of depression, they could not successfully alleviate the accompanying cognitive deficits. This might indicate a distinct pattern of cognitive deficits in patients with depression.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Antidepressive Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Cognition Disorders , Depression , Drug Therapy , Memory , Physiology , Neuropsychological Tests
15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1111-1115, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283971

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the expression pattern of gene PDLIM4 (PDZ and LIM domain 4) and analyze its clinical correlation with the patients suffered from acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The expression pattern of PDLIM4 in AML was detected by using EvaGreen real-time quantitative PCR (RQ-PCR). The results showed that the PDLIM4 transcript significantly decreased in 94 AML patients, compared with 21 controls (P < 0.01). The decrease of PDLIM4 transcript was found in 42 (45%) AML patients. PDLIM4 low-expression occurred among the subtypes of M1/M2/M3 more frequently than that in M4/M5/M6 (56% vs 20%, P < 0.01). AML patients with PDLIM4 low-expression had an overall survival (OS) higher than that in AML patients without PDLIM4 low-expression (P < 0.05). Analysis with receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) displayed that PDLIM4 expression possesses the diagnostic value to differentiate AML from controls, with ROC curve area of 0.865 (95% CI: 0.801-0.930). It is concluded that reduced PDLIM4 expression is a common and favorable event for the good prognosis in AML, and can be used as a potential diagnostic biomarker of cancer.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Biomarkers, Tumor , Metabolism , Case-Control Studies , DNA-Binding Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , LIM Domain Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Diagnosis , Genetics , Metabolism , Prognosis
16.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 347-351, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-274715

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the status of household disaster preparedness in 4 counties of Shaanxi province and explore the affecting factors.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>During the period from September to October in 2008, multi-stage sampling was used to select subjects from urban and rural residents in Xincheng district, Hantai district, Fuping county and Xunyang county of Shaanxi province. Questionnaire survey was conducted among 1945 subjects aged 18-88 years to investigate their experience and expectation of disaster events, preparedness knowledge, activities and emergency supplies. Logistic regression was used to analyze the factors influencing household disaster preparedness.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The average age of the 1945 subjects was (43.55 ± 12.76) years old. A total of 7.12% (138/1939) of respondents never experienced disaster. Earthquake and fire (57.35% (1175/2049), 19.81% (406/2049), respectively) were rated as the two disasters most likely to occur. The awareness rate of knowledge about household disaster preparedness was 51.43% (989/1923), and 23.41% (454/1939) discussed how to prepare for disaster with their family, only 9.27% (179/1932) attended evacuation drill. The rates of preparing household emergency supplies were 23.64% (230/973), 30.56% (55/180), 31.19% (141/452) and 54.49% (97/178) for urban residents, subjects with junior college or above education, subjects having frequent family discussions of disaster preparedness and subjects participating in emergency rescue drills, respectively. For subjects with junior high school, senior high school and junior college or higher education, the likelihood of preparing household emergency supplies was 5.02 (95%CI: 1.12 - 22.42), 5.74 (95%CI: 1.27 - 26.04) and 6.84 (95%CI: 1.44 - 32.39) times as that of illiterate, respectively. Urban residents, subjects who often discussed disaster preparedness with their family, and who participated in emergency rescue drills were more likely to prepare emergency supplies than rural residents (OR = 4.38, 95%CI: 2.74 - 7.00), those who never discussed (OR = 4.99, 95%CI: 2.52 - 9.91), and who didn't participate (OR = 5.72, 95%CI: 3.84 - 8.51).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The residents in 4 counties of Shaanxi lack comprehensive knowledge and appropriate activities of disaster preparedness, the rate of preparing household emergency supplies is low. Higher education, living in urban area, frequent family discussions of disaster preparedness and participating in emergency rescue drills are facilitating factors of preparing household emergency supplies.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Disasters , Emergencies , Family Characteristics , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Surveys and Questionnaires
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3754-3761, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236176

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a heterogeneous condition that can lead to critical LLLness-related corticosteroid insufficiency (CIRCI) causing a high mortality and morbidity. Glucocorticoids were widely used in the clinical management of TBI, but their benefit has been challenged in some studies and their efficacy, especially for treating CIRCI in TBI patients, remains unclear.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We conducted a meta-analysis of published data to determine if the controversy is related to clinical dosing and timing of glucocorticoids (GCs) application. We analyzed published reports in four databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, and CBMdisc). The published data were stratified into not only low- and high-dose GCs group but also short- and long-term GCs group to compare their effectiveness in improving TBI outcomes.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>We totally identified 16 reports. For low-dose patients, the pooled relative risks (RRs) for two clinical outcomes of death or a combination of death and severe disability were 0.95 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.80 to 1.13) and 0.95 (95% CI: 0.83 to 1.09), respectively. The risks for infection and gastrointestinal bleeding were 0.85 (95% CI: 0.50 to 1.45) and 0.64 (95% CI: 0.15 to 2.70), respectively. For high-dose group, the pooled RR of death is 1.14 (95% CI: 1.06 to 1.21). The pooled RRs for infection and gastrointestinal bleeding for the high-dose patients were 1.04 (95% CI: 0.93 to 1.15) and 1.26 (95% CI: 0.92 to 1.75), respectively. For long-term use group, the pooled RRs for two clinical outcomes of death or a combination of death and severe disability were 0.98 (95% CI: 0.87 to 1.12) and 1.00 (95% CI: 0.90 to 1.11), respectively. The risks for infection and gastrointestinal bleeding were 0.88 (95% CI: 0.71 to 1.11) and 0.96 (95% CI: 0.35 to 2.66), respectively. For short-term use group, the pooled RR of death is 1.15 (95% CI: 1.07 to 1.23), and importantly the effects on infections were beneficial in terms of TBI patients suffering from CIRCI.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>This meta-analysis suggests an increased risk of death for TBI patients on a high dose and short term of glucocorticoids compared with those on a low dose and long term, for whom a trend towards clinical improvement is evident. In addition, stress-does of GCs further decrease the pneumonia incidence in TBI patients suffering from CIRCI. A large-scale multicenter randomized controlled trial is warranted for testing (1) the efficacy of stress-dose GCs treatment in the sub-acute phase of TBI (4-21 days after initial trauma), when CIRCI is most likely to occur; (2) the hypothesis that stress-dose GCs could boost patients' stress function and ensure survival.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Brain Injuries , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Critical Illness , Glucocorticoids , Therapeutic Uses , Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System , Pituitary-Adrenal System , Time Factors
18.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 445-447, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-983778

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the application of dinucleotide STR locus in paternity testing.@*METHODS@#Dinucleotide STR locus D6S261 was selected and the paternity testing blood samples were amplified using 200 random blood samples, 16 family samples and 193 paternity test samples. Data of the PCR products were collected by 3130XL Genetic Analyzer and the genetic parameters of population were calculated by PowerStats v12.@*RESULTS@#Fifteen alleles and 50 genotypes were found and H, DP, PE and PIC were 0.850, 0.953, 0.695, and 0.820, respectively. The typing results of both family samples and paternity test samples were accord with the law of inheritance, which no mutation was discovered.@*CONCLUSION@#The genetic polymorphisms of D6S261 show good characteristics with low mutation rate and high stability. It can be an effective method to solve the indetermination caused by mutation in paternity testing if the stutter bands can be decreased.


Subject(s)
Humans , Asian People/genetics , Base Sequence , Forensic Genetics/methods , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Microsatellite Repeats/genetics , Nucleotides/genetics , Paternity , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Polymorphism, Genetic
19.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 919-924, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246342

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the point specificity of eye-acupuncture and the mechanism of eye-acupuncture on diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (D-IBS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty male Wistar rats of SPF grade were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group, a eye-acupuncture point (AA) group and a non-point (NA) group. The D-IBS rat model was established with the combination methods of the chronic stress and binding limbs. The AA group was treated by acupuncture at "low energizer area", "large intestine area", "liver area" and "spleen area", and the NA group by acupuncture at 3 mm apart from the same points area mentioned above, and the normal group and the model group with no intervention. The rate of feces moisture content was detected. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to detect the mRNA of aquaporin 8 (AQP 8) in colon. Protein expressions of the vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and AQP 8 in colon were detected by SABC immunohistochemistry method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with normal group, the rate of feces moisture content at the 18th and 25th days, VIP protein in colon mucosa, myenteric nerve plexus and hypo-mucosa nerve plexus increased significantly (all P < 0.01), and AQP 8 mRNA in colon mucosa decreased significantly in model, AA and NA group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01); AQP 8 protein in colon mucosa decreased significantly in model group and NA group (both P < 0.01). Compared with model group, the rate of feces moisture content at the 25th day and VIP protein in colon mucosa decreased significantly (P < 0.01, P < 0.05), and AQP 8 mRNA and protein increased significantly (P < 0.05, P < 0.01) in AA group. Compared with AA group, the rate of feces moisture content at the 25th day and VIP protein in colon mucosa increased significantly (both P < 0.01), and AQP 8 mRNA and protein decreased significantly (both P < 0.01) in NA group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Eye-acupuncture has a good therapeutic effect on D-IBS. It is suggested that one of the mechanism is relate to increase AQP 8 in colon tissue and restrain the expression of VIP. Non-point area of eye-acupuncture has no obviously therapeutic effect and so to illustrate the point specificity of eye-acupuncture.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Rats , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Aquaporins , Genetics , Metabolism , Colon , Metabolism , Diarrhea , Genetics , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Irritable Bowel Syndrome , Genetics , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Rats, Wistar , Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide , Genetics , Metabolism
20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1171-1175, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261907

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the expression status of the helicase antigen (HAGE) transcript and its clinical significance in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). The expression of HAGE cDNA in bone marrow mononuclear cells from AML and CML patients was detected by using real-time quantitative PCR. The results indicated that overexpression of HAGE transcript (117.12% - 9842.70%, median 434.96%) was detected in 14.8% (11/74) AML patients. AML patients with HAGE cDNA expression were significantly older than those HAGE-negative patients (median 67 and 45 years, respectively, p = 0.001). HAGE cDNA expression was more frequently present among the patients with acute monoblastic leukemia (M(4) and M(5), 7 of 20, 35.0%), compared to the patients with acute non-monoblastic leukemia (M(1), M(2), M(3) and M(6), 4 of 54, 7.4%) (p = 0.007). 28.6% (8/28) cases with normal karyotypes showed HAGE cDNA overexpression, significantly higher than 7.5% (3 of 40) in those with chromosomal abnormalities (p = 0.041). Overexpression of HAGE transcript was found in 9 (34.6%) CML cases and more frequently observed at accelerated phase and blast crisis (4/4, 100%) than that at chronic phase (5/22, 22.7%) (p = 0.008). It is concluded that HAGE cDNA expression is relevant to specific subtypes of AML and to the progression of CML.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blast Crisis , Bone Marrow Cells , Metabolism , DEAD-box RNA Helicases , Genetics , Metabolism , DNA, Complementary , Gene Expression , Karyotype , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Genetics , Metabolism , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Genetics , Metabolism , Neoplasm Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Genetics
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