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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1360-1367, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877328

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the changes and potential effects of differentially expressed microRNAs (miRNAs) in the development and progression of liver injury in a mouse model of autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) induced by concanavalin A (ConA). MethodsEight healthy male specific pathogen-free C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into model group and control group, with four mice in each group. The mice in the model group were given tail vein injection of ConA 15 mg/kg, and those in the control group were given an equal volume of normal saline. All mice were sacrificed after 8 hours of modeling, Total RNA in liver tissue was extracted, gene microarray was used to screen out differentially expressed miRNAs, and target prediction and function analysis were performed for upregulated and downregulated miRNAs. The independent samples t-test was used for comparison of differentially expressed miRNAs between two groups. ResultsThe principal component analysis showed that the inter-group difference of the data extracted by gene microarray met the conditions for further analysis. Compared with the control group, the model group had 31 upregulated miRNAs and 18 downregulated miRNAs in mouse liver, which had a regulatory relationship with 959 target genes (601 upregulated genes and 358 downregulated genes). GO analysis showed that in the model group, the target genes of the upregulated miRNAs mainly had the molecular functions such as “DNA binding” (P=1.47×10-6), participated in the biological processes such as “transcription, DNA-templated” (P=2.36×10-7), and were mainly enriched in the cellular components such as “neuronal cell body” (P=5.99×10-6), while the target genes of the downregulated miRNAs had the molecular functions such as “RNA polymerase II proximal promoter sequence-specific DNA binding” (P=2.49×10-6), participated in the biological processes such as “regulation of transcription, DNA-templated” (P=1.64×10-11), and were mainly enriched in the cellular components such as “nucleoplasm” (P=4.30×10-10). KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed that the target genes of the upregulated miRNAs were mainly enriched in “Endocytosis” (P=0.000 4), while the target genes of the downregulated miRNAs were mainly enriched in the “Hippo signaling pathway” (P=0.004), and the above functional analysis results were statistically significant (P<0.05). ConclusionThere are differentially expressed miRNAs in the pathogenesis of AIH, and these differentially expressed miRNAs can provide new targets for the clinical treatment of AIH.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911261

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the mechanism of dexmedetomidine alleviating sevoflurane-induced neurotoxicity and the relationship with neuroglobin (Ngb) in neonatal rats.Methods:Eighty-four healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 7 days, weighing 12-16 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=21 each) using a random number table method: control group (group C), sevoflurane group (group S), sevoflurane plus dexmedetomidine group (group SD), and sevoflurane plus dexmedetomidine and yohimbine group (group SDY). Sevoflurane anesthesia method: anesthesia was induced by inhaling 8% sevoflurane and then maintained by inhaling 3% sevoflurane for 4 h. At the end of anesthesia, dexmedetomidine 50 μg/kg was intraperitoneally injected in group SD, and 0.5 mg/kg yohimbine (α 2 adrenergic receptor antagonist) was intraperitoneally injected immediately after the end of intraperitoneal injection of dexmedetomidine 50 μg/kg in group SDY.Six rats were randomly selected from each group and sacrificed at 24 h after the end of anesthesia.The brain tissues were removed for determination of histopathologic changes in hippocampal CA1 region (using HE staining), the expression of Ngb in the area of the hippocampus (by immunofluorescence staining) and the expression of cytochrome C (Cyt c) and caspase-3 (by Western blot). The other rats were fed until 28 days old, and Morris water maze test was performed. Results:Compared with group C, the expression of Ngb, Cyt c and caspase-3 was significantly up-regulated ( P<0.05), histopathologic changes in hippocampal CA1 region were accentuated, and Ngb fluorescence intensity was increased in group S. Compared with group S, the expression of Ngb was significantly up-regulated, expression of Cyt c and caspase-3 was down-regulated, the escape latency was shortened ( P<0.05), histopathologic changes in hippocampal CA1 region were reduced, and Ngb fluorescence intensity was increased in group SD.Compared with group SD, the expression of Ngb was significantly down-regulated, expression of Cyt c and caspase-3 was up-regulated, the escape latency was prolonged ( P<0.05), histopathologic changes in hippocampal CA1 region were accentuated, and Ngb fluorescence intensity was decreased in group SDY. Conclusion:The mechanism by which dexmedetomidine reduces sevoflurane-induced neurotoxicity may be related to activating α 2 adrenergic receptors and up-regulating the expression of Ngb in neonatal rats.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910536

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mechanism of miR-205-5p/E2F1 signal axis in regulating the glioma U251, U87 radiotherapy resistance.Methods:X-ray gradual ascending and intermittent induction method was used to irradiate the glioma U251 cells to establish U251/TR, U87/TR radiation-resistant cell lines. Then, the morphology, migration, invasion and proliferation abilities of cells (U251/TR, U87/TR radiation-resistant cells and U251, U87 radiation-sensitive cells) were analyzed. Luciferase gene detection system and point mutation technique were employed to analyze the mechanism of miR-205-5p and E2F1 gene activity on U251 and U87 radiation-resistant cell lines.Results:Compared with the radiation-sensitive U251 cells, the radiation-resistant cells U251/TR, U87/TR showed increased proliferation activity, enhanced migration and invasion abilities and decreased apoptosis under X-ray irradiation. miR-205-5p mimics transfection could down-regulate the expression of E2F1 factor in U251/TR cells, inhibit cell proliferation, invasion and migration and increase the radiosensitivity of U251/TR cells. miR-205-5p mimics transfection combined with with E2F1 down-regulation exerted anti-tumor effect and decreased cell tolerance by suppressing the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway activity.Conclusions:The glioma radiation-resistant cell line U251/TR, U87/TR can be established by X-ray gradual ascending and intermittent induction method. The miR-205-5p/E2F1 signal axis exerts tumor-suppressing effect through the classical Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, which can be used as an therapeutic target to increase the radiosensitivity of glioma.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910531

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the dosimetric differences between volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT) and intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) on planning target volume (PTV) and organ-at-risk (OAR) for breast cancer after modified radical mastectomy, aiming to provide evidence-based reference for clinical practice.Methods:According to strict inclusion and exclusion criteria, literature search was performed in PubMed, Cochrane Library, FMRS, CNKI, Wanfang Data and VIP full text databases from the inception of databases up to March 2020. The controlled clinical trials of dosimetric comparison between VMAT and IMRT for breast cancer following modified radical mastectomy were selected. The meta-analysis was performed using Stata14 software.Results:The meta-analysis included 281 patients from 13 observational studies. Compared with IMRT, VMAT significantly increased the PTV dose coverage D 95%( P<0.001) and significantly improved the PTV homogeneity index (HI, P<0.001) and conformity index (CI, P=0.004). Compared with IMRT, VMAT more effectively decreased the ipsilateral lung V 20Gy (WMD=1.332, P=0.027) and contralateral lung V 10Gy ( P=0.003). There were no significant differences in theD mean, V 5Gy, V 10Gy and V 30Gy of the ipsilateral lung, D mean and V 5Gy of the contralateral lung, D mean, V 10Gy and V 30Gy of the heart between VMAT and IMRT (all P>0.05). Compared with VMAT, IMRT reduced the cardiac V 5Gy ( P=0.001). However, sensitivity analysis of included literature on cardiac V 5Gy showed that the P value was reversed, indicating that the stability of the results was poor. VMAT significantly shortened the delivery time ( P<0.001) and the number of monitor units ( P<0.001) compared to IMRT. Conclusion:Compared with IMRT, VMAT can achieves superior target dose coverage, HI and CI, better protection for the ipsilateral and contralateral lung, fewer monitor units and shorter delivery time.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1153-1160, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910278

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between triglyceride-glucose (TyG) index with plaque components, plaque burden and characteristics of vulnerable plaque using coronary plaque analysis based on coronary artery computed tomography (CCTA).Methods:A total of 498 patients(male 296, female 202), the age ranged from 33 to 87 (63±9) years who underwent CCTA from January 2020 to September in Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University were included. The enrolled patients were divided into three groups according to the tertiles of TyG index: T 1 group (the lowest one-third), T 2 group (middle one-third) and T 3 group (the highest one-third). The plaque burden, volume and ratio of calcified, lipid and fibrous components of plaques as well as the incidence of vulnerable plaques were measured based on CCTA images. Chi-square test, ANOVA and Kruskal-Wallis test were used to compare whether the differences of indexes among the three groups were statistically significant. Multiple stepwise regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of coronary atherosclerotic plaque burden and multiple logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors of CT high-risk plaque. Finally, ROC curve was used to evaluate the value of TyG index in the diagnosis of CT high-risk plaque, and the best diagnostic threshold of TyG index was determined. Results:The plaque burden, non-calcified plaque volume and ratio had positive relationship with TyG index ( P<0.001).TyG index was significantly correlated with plaque burden according to multiple stepwise regression analysis (regression coefficient 7.267, P<0.001). The results of CT vulnerable characteristics of plaques showed that positive remodeling, low-attenuation plaque sign and the incidence of vulnerable plaque increased with TyG index ( P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that TyG index was an independent risk factor for CT vulnerable plaque(OR=2.324,95 %CI 1.533-3.523, P<0.001). The cut-off value of TyG index that can predict vulnerable plaque was 8.43(sensitivity 77.24%, specificity 45.60%, AUC 0.645, P<0.001). Conclusions:With the increase of TyG index, the burden of coronary atherosclerosis plaque and the incidence of CT vulnerable plaque increased. TyG index is expected to be a simple and effective predictor of cardiovascular disease and adverse cardiovascular events.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907660

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical efficacy of Wanfu-Qutong Decoction combined with esomeprazole in the treatment of chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG). Methods:A total of 106 CAG patients who met the inclusion criteria from June 2017 to June 2019 were randomly divided into two groups with 53 in each group. The control group took esomeprazole magnesium enteric coated tablets, and the observation group took Wanfu-Qutong Decoction on the basis of the control group. Both groups were treated continuously for 3 months. TCM syndrome score was performed before and after treatment, and the new Sydney system intuitive simulation score method was used to score the histopathology of gastric mucosa. The levels of gastrin 17 (G-17), pepsinogen (PGⅠ , PGⅡ) and the PG Ⅰ/Ⅱ were measured by ELISA. Results:The total effective rate was 96.2% (51/53) in the observation group and 79.2% (42/53) in the control group. There was significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=7.414, P<0.01). After treatment, the scores of epigastric pain, fullness, liking temperature and pressing, vomiting clear water, eating less and staying foolish, and limb burnout in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( t values were 2.788, 3.632, 3.816, 1.590, 2.183, 2.103, respectively, all Ps<0.05), and the scores of chronic inflammatory reaction, inflammatory activity, atrophy degree, dysplasia and intestinal metaplasia in the mucosa were significantly lower than those in the control group ( t values were 2.983, 2.106, 2.106, 3.773, 1.922, 3.095, respectively, all Ps<0.05). After treatment, the serum G-17 [(14.47 ± 3.06) pmol/L vs. (10.67 ± 2.47) pmol/L, t=10.510] and PG Ⅰ [(130.31 ± 14.79) μg/L vs. (102.36 ± 12.63) μg/L, t=8.178] and PG Ⅰ/Ⅱ [(10.45 ± 0.48) vs. (9.17 ± 0.72), t=2.104] in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group ( P<0.01 or P<0.05). Conclusion:Wanfu-Qutong Decoction combined with esomeprazole tablets can effectively improve the clinical symptoms of CAG patients, regulate the levels of G-17, PG Ⅰ , PG Ⅱ and PGⅠ/Ⅱ, and promote the repair of gastric mucosa.

7.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2917-2923, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906662

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To standardize the use of children’s over-the-counter(OTC)drugs in China,control the risk of children’s self medication and ensure the safety of children’s medication. METHODS:The questionnaire was randomly distributed to pharmacy practitioners in retail pharmacies in 13/parents in 16 provinces and municipalities directly under the central government. The results of questionnaire survey were analyzed descriptively. The corresponding suggestions were put forward for the problems existing in the use of OTC drugs for children among pharmacy practitioners in retail pharmacies and parents.RESULTS:Totally 5 367 people filled the questionnaire at pharmacies,and 5 353 questionnaires were filled validly with effective rate of 99.74%;the number of consumers(parents)who filled the questionnaires was 6 111,and 5 094 questionnaires were filled validly with effective rate of 83.36%. The results of survey showed that 93.67% of retail pharmacies were equipped with 1-2licensed pharmacists;most of the employees in pharmacies had college degree(46.59%),and their professional knowledge was relatively weak,and only 30.00% of them were very familiar with pharmaceutical professional knowledge. Pharmacy practitioners could provide basic pharmaceutical care,but they were not sensitive to the information of children’s age and weight;only 44.11%of the practitioners would approve the dosage according to the age and weight of the children;98.09% of pharmacies would regularly conduct OTC drugs knowledge training,but they did not pay attention to the knowledge of children related to drug use. About half of the pharmacy practitioners were very clear about the indications,usage and dosage,precautions of OTC drugs forchildren. About 70% of parents did not fully understand the difference between prescription drugs,green OTC drugs and red OTC drugs,and did not know the risk of home OTC treatment;63.06% of parents chose OTC drugs according to their previous experience, and 23.05% of parents relied on drug advertisements to choose OTC drugs; 92.64% of parents would read the drug instruction carefully before using OTC drugs, but they had blind spots in understanding many contents of the drug instruction. In the process of OTC drug use,46.21% of parents had used adult OTC drugs for their children,and 41.54% of parents did not convert the amount of children;52.89% of parents said that their children suffered from adverse reactions after taking OTC drugs. CONCLUSIONS:The pharmacy practitioners have low education on the whole,professional level needs to be improved,their understanding of children’s OTC drugs is not comprehensive enough,and there is a lack oftraining on children’s medication knowledge. Parents have a poor awareness of children’s OTC drugs,and there are many problems in the process of using children’s OTC drugs,such as inaccurate dosage,using adult’s drugs. It is suggested that we should improve the access standard of pharmacy practitioners and increase the number of licensed pharmacists;organize special training on safe drug use for children to improve the pharmaceutical service ability of pharmacies;strengthen the supervision of retail pharmacies and formulate pharmaceutical care standards for the use of OTC drugs for children;strengthen the publicity and education on rational drug use for children and popularize the knowledge of safe drug use of OTC drugs for children;give full play to the guiding role of pharmacists and pay attention to the medication guidance of parents.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905951

ABSTRACT

Objective:Based on fingerprint, index component content and dry extract yield, a quality evaluation method for substance benchmark of Xiebaisan was established to study the key quality attributes, to explore the quantitative transfer relationship between decoction pieces and substance benchmark, and to preliminarily formulate the quality standard of substance benchmark of Xiebaisan. Method:The substance benchmark of Xiebaisan was prepared according to the records of ancient formulas, fingerprints of 15 batches of decoction pieces and substance benchmarks were collected by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and the index components were determined with the mobile phase of acetonitrile-0.05% phosphoric acid solution for gradient elution. The dry extract yield, fingerprint similarity and transfer rate of index components were combined to study the quantity value transmitting. Result:Ten characteristic peaks were identified in fingerprint of the substance benchmark and two characteristic peaks from stir-fried Mori Cortex, four characteristic peaks from baked Lycii Cortex, four characteristic peaks from Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma Praeparata cum Melle. Mulberroside A, liquiritin and glycyrrhizic acid were used as index components for the determination, the contents of mulberroside A, liquiritin and glycyrrhizic acid in substance benchmark of Xiebaisan were 2.69%-4.26%, 0.09%-0.17% and 0.09%-0.16%, and their transfer rates were (31.37±4.14)%, (36.12±4.03)% and (12.25±0.88)%, respectively. The similarity of fingerprint of substance benchmarks was good, the fingerprint similarities of 14 batches of substance benchmarks and control fingerprint were >0.9. The dry extract yield of substance benchmark of Xiebaisan ranged from 8.09% to 11.29%. Conclusion:The established quality evaluation method of substance benchmark of Xiebaisan is scientific and reasonable, and the transfer process of decoction pieces to substance benchmarks is stable and controllable. The preliminary quality standard of the substance benchmark can provide basis and reference for the development of modern preparations of Xiebaisan in the future.

9.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 493-502, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922527

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Sleep disorders are common in older adults and have a negative influence on their physical and mental health. General aerobic exercises (GAEs) have long been used in the treatment of sleep disorders as a non-pharmacological measure. However, there is no consensus on the efficacy of traditional Chinese exercises (TCEs) for treating sleep disorders in older adults and the difference between TCEs and GAEs.@*OBJECTIVE@#This study assessed the effects of TCEs and GAEs on the sleep quality of older adults and the differences between these two interventions.@*SEARCH STRATEGY@#PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, China Biology Medicine disc, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, China Science Journal Database and Wanfang Data were searched from their inception to August 2020.@*INCLUSION CRITERIA@#Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that evaluated the effects of TCEs and GAEs on older adults with sleep disorders were included.@*DATA EXTRACTION AND ANALYSIS@#Data were extracted by two researchers working independently. The risk bias of included studies was assessed using the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions 5.1.0 and the quality of evidence was assessed using the Grades of Recommendation, Assessment, Development and Evaluation approach. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was used to estimate sleep quality. Meta-analyses were performed to assess the total PSQI score of the exercise intervention as the primary outcome, and the scores of subjective sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep duration, habitual sleep efficiency, sleep disturbance, use of sleep medication and daytime dysfunction were assessed as secondary outcomes. Subgroup, sensitivity, and meta-regression analyses were conducted to assess the contribution of covariables to heterogeneity.@*RESULTS@#A total of 22 RCTs (including 1747 participants) were included in the meta-analysis. The results indicated that TCEs (weighted mean difference [WMD] = -2.14, 95% confidence interval [CI] [-2.82, -1.46], P < 0.001; heterogeneity: P < 0.001, I@*CONCLUSION@#Current evidence shows that both TCEs and GAEs, as complementary and non-pharmacological approaches, help to improve the sleep quality in older adults with potentially clinical implications; however, there was not enough evidence to conclude the difference between them. More rigorous and high-quality RCTs are needed to arrive at reliable conclusions.


Subject(s)
Aged , China , Exercise , Exercise Therapy , Female , Humans , Sleep Wake Disorders/therapy , Tai Ji
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922108

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of penetrating moxibustion on migraine without aura (MO) patients.@*METHODS@#Totally 60 MO patients from the Acupuncture Clinic of the Third Affiliated Hospital of Henan University of Chinese Medicine were collected from November 2015 to February 2017. All patients were assigned to a treatment group and a control group using a random number table, 30 cases in each group. The treatment group was treated with penetrating moxibustion, and the control group was treated with mild moxibustion, thrice a week for 4 consecutive weeks. The total effective rate, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) scores, headache intensity, and Migraine Specific Quality of Life Questionnaire (MSQ) scores of patients after treatment were compared between the two groups. The moxibustion sensation and reaction after moxibustion were observed, and the adverse reactions were evaluated. All patients were followed up at 4 and 16 weeks after treatment.@*RESULTS@#The total effective rate of the treatment group was significantly higher than that of the control group (93.33% vs. 80.00%, P0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Penetrating moxibustion can significantly relieve pain and improve quality of life of MO patients. After penetrating moxibustion, flushing and sweating of patients were obvious, and the curative effect was superior to the mild moxibustion.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Humans , Migraine without Aura/therapy , Moxibustion/adverse effects , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888487

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the survival rate and the incidence of complications of very preterm infants and the factors influencing the survival rate and the incidence of complications.@*METHODS@#The medical data of the very preterm infants with a gestational age of <32 weeks and who were admitted to the Department of Neonatology in 11 hospitals of Jiangsu Province in China from January 2018 to December 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. Their survival rate and the incidence of serious complications were analyzed. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the risk factors for death and serious complications in very preterm infants.@*RESULTS@#A total of 2 339 very preterm infants were enrolled, among whom 2 010 (85.93%) survived and 1 507 (64.43%) survived without serious complications. The groups with a gestational age of 22-25@*CONCLUSIONS@#The survival rate is closely associated with gestational age in very preterm infants. A low 1-minute Apgar score (≤3) may increase the risk of death in very preterm infants, while high gestational age, high birth weight, and prenatal use of glucocorticoids are associated with the reduced risk of death. A low 5-minute Apgar score (≤3) and maternal chorioamnionitis may increase the risk of serious complications in these infants, while high gestational age and high birth weight may reduce the risk of serious complications.


Subject(s)
Female , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Infant, Premature, Diseases , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
12.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1184-1188, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886614

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the impact of violent video games exposure, self control level and coping style on aggressive behavior of junior high school students in Shanghai, and provide a basis for future interventions to effectively reduce adolescents aggressive behavior.@*Methods@#Cluster sampling was used to select 1 886 students of 4 public middle schools in Shanghai from May to June 2019. The data was collected included Violent Video Game Use Habits Questionnaire, Buss & Perry aggression questionnaire, Adolescent Self Control Dual System Scale and Simple Coping Style Questionnaire.@*Results@#According to the potential profile analysis, the level of aggressive behavior of junior school students in Shanghai could be divided into four groups, which was low aggressive group,middle aggressive group one, middle aggressive group two and high aggressive group according to level of aggregate. After controlling for gender and age, multivariate Logistic regression showed that exposure to violent video games, impulse system and negative response were risk factors for aggressive behavior( P <0.05); using low aggressive group as control group,the OR of violent video games in other three groups were 1.26, 1.30 and 1.70 respectively. The OR of impulse system were 2.96 , 4.40 and 6.84 respectively. The OR of negative response were 1.17, 1.42 and 1.74 respectively. Positive response was a protective factor( P <0.05). Using low aggressive group as control group, the OR of positive in other three groups were 0.82, 0.52 and 0.49 respectively.@*Conclusion@#Violent video game exposure, impulsive system and negative coping style can increase the level of aggressive behavior of junior high school students, while positive coping style can reduce the level of aggression of junior middle school students.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885133

ABSTRACT

Objective:Iron accumulation is related to the occurrence of postmenopausal osteoporosis. Meanwhile, autophagy abnormality of bone marrow hematopoietic cells is observed in hip osteoporotic fracture. This study is performed to investigate correlation between iron accumulation induced bone loss and hematopoietic autophagy dysfunction to explore the new risk factor of osteoporosis.Methods:Male iron accumulation mice model was established by intraperitoneally injecting ferric ammonium citrate. Serum ferritin and osteogenic indicator P1NP were tested by ELISA. Bone mineral density was measured by micro-CT. Femur and tibia bone marrows were collected for hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells proportion and cell apoptosis analysis. Autolysosome formation was measured by image flow cytometry. We used conditional mouse model Atg7 flox/flox; Vav-Cre(Atg7 -/-) in which Atg7 had been genetically deleted in the hematopoietic system. Bone marrow hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells were collected for RNA sequence. micro-CT scan was conducted for Atg7 -/- femur. Results:Ferritin level of iron accumulation mice was significantly higher than control group( P<0.05). Iron accumulation inhibited P1NP and induced decreased bone mineral density( P<0.05). Iron accumulation bone marrow displayed enhanced hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells proportion( P<0.05), with more cell apoptosis( P<0.05). Hematopoietic autophagy was deteriorated in iron accumulation bone marrow. Transcriptomic profiling showed up-regulation of iron activity in Atg7 -/- mice, with increased iron homeostasis and iron membrane transporter genes, including Lcn2, Tfr2, Slc40a1(Fpn1), Steap3, and Cpox. micro-CT revealed severe bone loss and decreased bone mineral density in Atg7 -/- mice( P<0.05). Conclusion:Iron accumulation induced bone loss is related to inhibition of hematopoietic cells. Hematopoietic autophagy dysfunction is associated with bone loss.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877679

ABSTRACT

On the base of the principle of penetrating moxibustion and in combination with free adjustment devices such as movable U-shaped moxa stick holder and movable clamp, a new type of moxibustion box exerted on the head is designed, with precise positioning and sufficient heat intensity.


Subject(s)
Hot Temperature , Moxibustion , Temperature , Workforce
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877669

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the efficacy and action mechanism of penetrating moxibustion at governor vessel for persistent allergic rhinitis of deficiency-cold syndrome.@*METHODS@#Ninety patients with persistent allergic rhinitis of deficiency-cold syndrome were randomly divided into an observation group (@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the TCM symptom scores, VAS scores, RQLQ scores, serum levels of IgE and complete blood count of EOS in the two groups were all reduced after treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Based on the momethasone furoate nasal spray, the adjuvant treatment of penetrating moxibustion at governor vessel could significantly improve the clinical symptoms in patients with persistent allergic rhinitis of deficiency-cold syndrome, and its mechanism may be related to the regulation of immune disorder.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Humans , Moxibustion , Quality of Life , Rhinitis, Allergic/drug therapy , Syndrome , Treatment Outcome
16.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 274-281, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881021

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The clinical symptoms of diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) can be effectively improved by traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) treatment, based on the usage of specific therapies for different TCM syndromes. However, in the stage of diagnosis, the standard criteria for the classification of TCM syndrome were still deficient. Through serum metabolic profiling, this study aimed to explore potential biomarkers in IBS-D patients with different TCM syndromes, which can assist in diagnosis of the disease.@*METHODS@#Serum samples were collected from healthy controls (30 cases), IBS-D patients with Liver-Stagnation and Spleen-Deficiency syndrome (LSSD, 30 cases), Yang Deficiency of Spleen and Kidney syndrome (YDSK, 11 cases) and Damp Abundance due to Spleen-Deficiency syndrome (DASD, 22 cases). Serum metabolic profiling was conducted by ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry. The potential biomarkers were screened by orthogonal partial least square-discriminate analysis, while metabolic pathways undergoing alterations were identified by pathway enrichment analysis in MetaboAnalyst 4.0.@*RESULTS@#Overall, 34 potential biomarkers were identified in LSSD group, 36 in YDSK group and 31 in DASD group. And the 13 metabolites shared by three groups were determined as the potential biomarkers of IBS-D. Glycerophospholipid metabolism was disturbed significantly in IBS-D patients, which may play a role in IBS-D through inflammation. What's more, three TCM syndromes have the specific potential biomarkers in glycerophospholipid metabolism.@*CONCLUSION@#The serum metabolomics revealed that different TCM syndrome types in IBS-D may have different metabolic patterns during disease progression and glycerophospholipid metabolism was one of the pathways, whose metabolism was disturbed differently among three TCM syndromes in IBS-D. Therefore, the specific potential biomarkers in glycerophospholipid metabolism of three TCM syndromes in IBS-D can serve as the objective indicators, which can facilitate the TCM-syndrome objective classification of IBS-D.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879899

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical features of preterm infants with a birth weight less than 1 500 g undergoing different intensities of resuscitation.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the preterm infants with a birth weight less than 1 500 g and a gestational age less than 32 weeks who were treated in the neonatal intensive care unit of 20 hospitals in Jiangsu, China from January 2018 to December 2019. According to the intensity of resuscitation in the delivery room, the infants were divided into three groups:non-tracheal intubation (@*RESULTS@#Compared with the non-tracheal intubation group, the tracheal intubation and ECPR groups had significantly lower rates of cesarean section and use of antenatal corticosteroid (@*CONCLUSIONS@#For preterm infants with a birth weight less than 1 500 g, the higher intensity of resuscitation in the delivery room is related to lower rate of antenatal corticosteroid therapy, lower gestational age, and lower birth weight. The infants undergoing tracheal intubation or ECRP in the delivery room have an increased incidence rate of adverse clinical outcomes. This suggests that it is important to improve the quality of perinatal management and delivery room resuscitation to improve the prognosis of the infants.


Subject(s)
Birth Weight , Cesarean Section , China , Female , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884591

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of setup errors from daily cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) on the accumulated dose under different image-guidance (IG) strategies, aiming to investigate the appropriate IG strategies during radiotherapy for the spine metastases.Methods:A total of 720 CBCT scans of 36 vertebral lesions were obtained. All 36 lesions were divided into the simultaneous boosting (PTV 40 Gy/20f, GTV 60 Gy/20f, n=20) and conventional radiotherapy groups (PTV 40 Gy/20f, n=16). The actual fractionated plan was recalculated simulatively after transferring the isocenter of the initial plan according to the interfraction setup error. Under no daily image-guidance (no-DIG) strategies including twice imaging guidance weekly (TIG), initial 5 days then weekly imaging guidance (5D+ WIG), WIG and no imaging guidance (NIG), the dose deviation was calculated between the delivered dose accumulated by each actual fractionated plan and the dose distribution under DIG. The tolerance of dose deviation for the target was within ±5% and the D max of the spinal cord was limited below 45 Gy. Results:Under different image-guidance strategies of TIG, 5D+ WIG, WIG and NIG, the median dose deviation was approximately ±1% for the CTV D 95% and D max of spinal cord. However, the median dose deviation was beyond -5% for the PTV D 95% when conventional radiotherapy was given. The median dose deviation was approximately 10% for the D max of spinal cord and the proportion of cases whose maximum irradiated dose of spinal cord was more than 4500 cGy was ≥70%. Also, the median dose deviation was beyond -5% for the GTV D 95% and PTV D 95% when simultaneous boosting was delivered. Conclusions:Because the dose deviation of CTV and spinal cord is within the tolerance limit, the image-guidance strategies could be chosen according to the clinical practice when conventional radiotherapy is delivered. However, the dose deviation of spinal cord, GTV and PTV exceeds the tolerance limit under no-DIG strategies when simultaneous boosting is delivered. Hence, it is necessary to perform daily IGRT for the spine metastases.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884348

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of dienogest (DNG) in the treatment of refractory endometriosis-associated pain (REAP).Methods:In this study, REAP was defined according to the following criteria: (1) the pain duration was ≥12 months and visual analogue scale (VAS)≥60 mm; (2) the previous treatments with over two medicines like oral contraceptives and levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system failed to achieve satisfactory relief of pain, with VAS reduction less than 50%; with gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist or mifepristone, the pain could be controlled temporarily, but it recurred after discontinuation of medicines; (3) the pain could not be relieved by surgery or even repeated surgeries. In the present study, 48 patients with REAP were treated with DNG 2 mg/day orally and the clinical outcomes were retrospectively analyzed. The VAS scores, levels of CA 125, estradiol, FSH, LH and changes in the size of endometriotic lesions before and after treatment were compared respectively. The side effects were also analyzed. Results:The average duration of DNG treatment was (20.1±12.8) months. After 3 months of medication, the VAS score was significantly reduced from (77.9±15.8) mm to (20.8±10.7) mm ( P<0.01), and CA 125 level was significantly reduced from (95±139) kU/L to (38±45) kU/L ( P<0.05). The effects were maintained with continuation of DNG treatment. Endometriotic lesions tended to shrink, after 12 months of DNG treatment, the size of ovarian endometriomas was reduced significantly from (3.1±1.0) cm to (1.9±1.2) cm ( P<0.05). The mean level of estradiol was maintained at 124.82-221.04 pmol/L and levels of FSH and LH did not change significantly during the treatment. The major side effect was irregular bleeding (75%, 36/48). Conclusions:DNG could effectively relieve REAP and is a well-tolerated therapy. It may supply an alternative option for patients with REAP.

20.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 189-192, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884029

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the distribution of pelvic lymph node (PLN) metastasis and the correlative dangerous factors in early cervical cancer patients.Methods:The medical records of 508 patients who underwent extensive hysterectomy and lymphadenectomy for International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage Ⅰb-Ⅱb cervical cancer in Guizhou Provincial People`s Hospital were reviewed retrospectively.Results:There were 278 patients with stage Ⅰb cervical cancer, 204 patients with stage Ⅱa cervical cancer and 26 patients with stage Ⅱb cervical cancer; the positive rate of lymph node metastasis was 16.7%(85/508), and obturator lymph node metastasis was the most common (56.6%); there were 19 patients with bilateral lymph node metastasis, accounting for 22.35%(19/85); lymph node metastasis occurred 104 times (two times for bilateral simultaneous transfer), and jumping lymph node metastasis accounted for 37.5%(39/104); common iliac lymph node metastasis accounted for 18.3%(19/104). The metastasis rate of patients with stage Ⅱa and Ⅱb (including parametrial, lymph node, ovarian and oviduct metastasis) was higher than that of patients with stage Ⅰb, and the odd ratio ( OR) was 2.30 and 2.48 respectively ( P<0.05); the metastasis rate of patients with moderately differentiated tumors was significantly higher than that of patients with well differentiated and poorly differentiated tumors ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the positive rate of pelvic lymph node metastasis among patients with different ages and histological types ( P>0.05); the positive rate of pelvic lymph node metastasis in patients with stage Ⅱa and Ⅱb was higher than that in patients with stage Ⅰb with statistically significant difference ( P<0.05); the positive rate of pelvic lymph node metastasis in patients with moderately differentiated tumors was higher than that in patients with well differentiated and poorly differentiated tumors, with statistically significant difference ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Obturator lymph node metastasis is the most common in cervical cancer. The risk of lymph node metastasis is increased in patients with stage Ⅱa or moderately differentiated tumors. Jumping metastasis is also a common way of metastasis, which suggests that standard and complete lymph node resection is an important measure to ensure the curative effect.

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