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1.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 3-9, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010284

ABSTRACT

Acupuncture, a therapeutic treatment defined as the insertion of needles into the body at specific points (ie, acupoints), has growing in popularity world-wide to treat various diseases effectively, especially acute and chronic pain. In parallel, interest in the physiological mechanisms underlying acupuncture analgesia, particularly the neural mechanisms have been increasing. Over the past decades, our understanding of how the central nervous system and peripheral nervous system process signals induced by acupuncture has developed rapidly by using electrophysiological methods. However, with the development of neuroscience, electrophysiology is being challenged by calcium imaging in view field, neuron population and visualization in vivo. Owing to the outstanding spatial resolution, the novel imaging approaches provide opportunities to enrich our knowledge about the neurophysiological mechanisms of acupuncture analgesia at subcellular, cellular, and circuit levels in combination with new labeling, genetic and circuit tracing techniques. Therefore, this review will introduce the principle and the method of calcium imaging applied to acupuncture research. We will also review the current findings in pain research using calcium imaging from in vitro to in vivo experiments and discuss the potential methodological considerations in studying acupuncture analgesia.


Subject(s)
Calcium , Acupuncture Therapy , Acupuncture , Acupuncture Analgesia/methods , Acupuncture Points , Technology
2.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 976-982, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985504

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the characteristics of viral infections in children with diarrhea in Beijing from 2018 to 2022. Methods: Real-time PCR and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were used to detect viral nucleic acid of Norovirus (NoV), Sappovirus (SaV), Astrovirus (AstV), Enteric Adenovirus (AdV) or antigen of Rotavirus (RV) in 748 stool samples collected from Beijing Capital Institute of Pediatrics from January 2018 to December 2021. Subsequently, the reverse transcription PCR or PCR method was used to amplify the target gene of the positive samples after the initial screening, followed by sequencing, genotyping and evolution analysis, so as to obtain the characteristics of these viruses. Phylogenetic analysis was performed using Mega 6.0. Results: From 2018 to 2021, the overall detection rate of the above five common viruses was 37.6%(281/748)in children under 5 years old in Beijing. NoV, Enteric AdV and RV were still the top three diarrhea-related viruses, followed by AstV and SaV, accounting for 41.6%, 29.2%, 27.8%, 8.9% and 7.5%, respectively. The detection rate of co-infections with two or three diarrhea-related viruses was 4.7% (35/748). From the perspective of annual distribution, the detection rate of Enteric AdV was the highest in 2021, while NoV was predominant in the other 4 years. From the perspective of genetic characteristics, NoV was predominant by GⅡ.4, and after the first detection of GⅡ.4[P16] in 2020, it occupied the first two gene groups together with GⅡ.4[P31]. Although the predominant RV was G9P[8], the rare epidemic strain G8P[8] was first detected in 2021. The predominant genotypes of Enteric AdV and AstV were Ad41 and HAstV-1. SaV was sporadic spread with a low detection rate. Conclusion: Among the diarrhea-related viruses infected children under 5 years of age in Beijing, the predominant strains of NoV and RV have changed and new sub-genotypes have been detected for the first time, while the predominant strains of AstV and Enteric AdV are relatively stable.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Humans , Infant , Beijing/epidemiology , Diarrhea/epidemiology , Feces , Norovirus/genetics , Phylogeny , Rotavirus/genetics , Virus Diseases/epidemiology , Viruses/genetics
3.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 373-379, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984632

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the molecular features of chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) . Methods: According to 2022 World Health Organization (WHO 2022) classification, 113 CMML patients and 840 myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients from March 2016 to October 2021 were reclassified, and the clinical and molecular features of CMML patients were analyzed. Results: Among 113 CMML patients, 23 (20.4%) were re-diagnosed as acute myeloid leukemia (AML), including 18 AML with NPM1 mutation, 3 AML with KMT2A rearrangement, and 2 AML with MECOM rearrangement. The remaining 90 patients met the WHO 2022 CMML criteria. In addition, 19 of 840 (2.3%) MDS patients met the WHO 2022 CMML criteria. At least one gene mutation was detected in 99% of CMML patients, and the median number of mutations was 4. The genes with mutation frequency ≥ 10% were: ASXL1 (48%), NRAS (34%), RUNX1 (33%), TET2 (28%), U2AF1 (23%), SRSF2 (21.1%), SETBP1 (20%), KRAS (17%), CBL (15.6%) and DNMT3A (11%). Paired analysis showed that SRSF2 was frequently co-mutated with ASXL1 (OR=4.129, 95% CI 1.481-11.510, Q=0.007) and TET2 (OR=5.276, 95% CI 1.979-14.065, Q=0.001). SRSF2 and TET2 frequently occurred in elderly (≥60 years) patients with myeloproliferative CMML (MP-CMML). U2AF1 mutations were often mutually exclusive with TET2 (OR=0.174, 95% CI 0.038-0.791, Q=0.024), and were common in younger (<60 years) patients with myelodysplastic CMML (MD-CMML). Compared with patients with absolute monocyte count (AMoC) ≥1×10(9)/L and <1×10(9)/L, the former had a higher median age of onset (60 years old vs 47 years old, P<0.001), white blood cell count (15.9×10(9)/L vs 4.4×10(9)/L, P<0.001), proportion of monocytes (21.5% vs 15%, P=0.001), and hemoglobin level (86 g/L vs 74 g/L, P=0.014). TET2 mutations (P=0.021) and SRSF2 mutations (P=0.011) were more common in patients with AMoC≥1×10(9)/L, whereas U2AF1 mutations (P<0.001) were more common in patients with AMoC<1×10(9)/L. There was no significant difference in the frequency of other gene mutations between the two groups. Conclusion: According to WHO 2022 classification, nearly 20% of CMML patients had AMoC<1×10(9)/L at the time of diagnosis, and MD-CMML and MP-CMML had different molecular features.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Middle Aged , Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic/genetics , Prognosis , Splicing Factor U2AF/genetics , Mutation , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/genetics , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics
4.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 448-458, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982526

ABSTRACT

The adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP)-binding cassette (ABC) transporter, IrtAB, plays a vital role in the replication and viability of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), where its function is to import iron-loaded siderophores. Unusually, it adopts the canonical type IV exporter fold. Herein, we report the structure of unliganded Mtb IrtAB and its structure in complex with ATP, ADP, or ATP analogue (AMP-PNP) at resolutions ranging from 2.8 to 3.5 Å. The structure of IrtAB bound ATP-Mg2+ shows a "head-to-tail" dimer of nucleotide-binding domains (NBDs), a closed amphipathic cavity within the transmembrane domains (TMDs), and a metal ion liganded to three histidine residues of IrtA in the cavity. Cryo-electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) structures and ATP hydrolysis assays show that the NBD of IrtA has a higher affinity for nucleotides and increased ATPase activity compared with IrtB. Moreover, the metal ion located in the TM region of IrtA is critical for the stabilization of the conformation of IrtAB during the transport cycle. This study provides a structural basis to explain the ATP-driven conformational changes that occur in IrtAB.


Subject(s)
Siderophores/metabolism , Iron/metabolism , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/metabolism , Cryoelectron Microscopy , Adenosine Triphosphate/metabolism , ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters
5.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 546-553, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995138

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of breast milk to total milk intake ratio during hospitalization on the duration of antibiotic therapy in preterm infants less than 34 weeks of gestation.Methods:Clinical data of preterm infants ( n=1 792) less than 34 gestational weeks were retrospectively collected in 16 hospitals of Jiangsu Province Neonatal-Perinatal Cooperation Network from January 1, 2019, to December 31, 2021. The days of therapy (DOT) were used to evaluate the duration of antibiotic administration. The median DOT was 15.0 d (7.0-27.0 d). The patients were divided into four groups based on the quartiles of DOT: Q 1 (DOT≤7.0 d), Q 2 (7.0 d<DOT≤15.0 d), Q 3 (15.0 d<DOT≤27.0 d) and Q 4 (DOT>27.0 d) groups. According to the breast milk intake ratio (breast milk intake to total milk intake during hospitalization×100%), they were also divided into four groups: very-low-ratio breastfeeding group (breast milk intake ratio≤25%), low-ratio breastfeeding group (25%<breast milk intake ratio≤50%), medium-ratio breastfeeding group (50%<breast milk intake ratio≤75%) and high-ratio breastfeeding group (breast milk intake ratio>75%). Univariate analysis ( Chi-square test and Kruskal-Wallis rank-sum test) was used to analyze the factors influencing DOT. Spearman correlation analysis and trend Chi-square test were used to explore the relationship between breast milk intake ratio and DOT. After using multiple imputations to address missing data, two models were constructed after adjusting for different factors, and multinomial logistic regression model was applied to evaluate the effects of the breast milk intake ratio on DOT. Finally, sensitivity analysis was conducted to assess the stability of the models. Results:(1) Of the 1 792 preterm infants, there were 507 (28.3%) in the Q 1 group, 422 (23.5%) in the Q 2 group, 438 (24.4%) in the Q 3 group and 425 (23.7%) in the Q 4 group. (2) The median values of DOT in the very-low-ratio, low-ratio, medium-ratio and high-ratio breastfeeding groups were 20.0 d (11.0-31.0 d), 20.0 d (11.0-32.0 d), 13.0 d (6.0-25.8 d) and 10.0 d (4.0-21.0 d), respectively. Compared with the very-low-ratio and low-ratio breastfeeding groups, the medium-ratio and high-ratio breastfeeding groups had shorter DOT (all P<0.05). (3) After adjusting for factors with P<0.1 (prenatal glucocorticoid exposure, antimicrobial use within 24 h before delivery, gestational age at delivery, birth weight, Apgar score≤7 at 1 min, neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, infectious pneumonia and early-onset neonatal sepsis) between the DOT quartile groups, it showed that medium-ratio and high-ratio breastfeeding were protective factors in contrast to very-low-ratio breastfeeding in the Q 2, Q 3 and Q 4 groups as compared with the Q 1 group [Q 2 group: OR=0.50 (95% CI: 0.30-0.85) and OR=0.36 (95% CI: 0.26-0.51); Q 3 group: OR=0.31 (95% CI: 0.18-0.55) and OR=0.20 (95% CI: 0.14-0.29); Q 4 group: OR=0.22 (95% CI: 0.12-0.42) and OR=0.17 (95% CI: 0.12-0.26)]. Conclusion:Breast milk intake accounting for over 50% of total milk intake has a positive impact on reducing DOT in premature infants requiring antibiotics, which suggests that breastfeeding should be actively encouraged.

6.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases ; (6): 153-160, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993727

ABSTRACT

N 6-methyladenosine (m 6A) modification is the most prevalent internal modification of eukaryotic mRNA and is dynamically regulated by a variety of m 6A modifying enzymes, including methylation transferases, demethylases and specific binding proteins. Respiratory viral infections have received much attention in recent years, and the process of virus replication and metabolism in host cells is regulated by m 6A. This article reviews the mechanism of m 6A-regulated enzymes, the roles of m 6A modifications in respiratory viruses replication and the host immune response to viruses, including adenovirus, influenza A virus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, respiratory syncytial virus, and human metapneumovirus. It would provide a reference for exploring the regulatory role of viral episodic transcriptome modifications and antiviral targets or vaccine development.

7.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases ; (6): 120-127, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993724

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyse the clinical characteristics and antiviral therapy in immunosuppressed hospitalized patients with influenza.Methods:The clinical data of 273 patients with positive influenza A or B virus nucleic acid admitted in Peking University People’s Hospital from November 2015 to March 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 123 were immunosuppressed and 150 were non-immunosuppressed. The clinical characteristics and antiviral therapy in immunosuppressed patients with influenza were analyzed. SPSS 22.0 software was used to analyze the data.Results:Chemotherapy for malignancies was the most common cause of immunosuppression (61.8%, 76/123), followed by haemopoietic stem cell transplantation (24.4%, 30/123). The common symptoms were fever (93.5%, 115/123) and cough (41.5%, 51/123). The proportions of co-infections (22.8%, 28/123) and complications (43.9%, 54/123) in immunosuppressed hospitalized patients were higher than those in non-immunosuppressed patients ( χ2=9.365 and 7.496, both P<0.01). Compared with single drug therapy, combination of antiviral drugs did not shorten the fever time, negative conversion time of virus nucleic acid and the length of hospital stay, and reduce the death ( U/ χ2=312.5, 356.0, 749.5 and 0.185, all P>0.05). Compared to patients without corticosteroids use, the use of corticosteroids did not increase mortality in immunosuppressed patients ( χ2=2.508, P=0.113). Conclusions:Classical symptoms may be absent in immunosuppressed patients with influenza, and early detection of influenza virus is still an important means of early diagnosis. Co-infections and complications are more common in immunosuppressed influenza patients. Immunosuppressed influenza patients did not benefit from the combination of antiviral therapy.

8.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 642-647, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985923

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical features and genetic features of combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency 32 (COXPD32) caused by MRPS34 gene variation. Methods: The clinical data and genetic test of a child with COXPD32 hospitalized in the Department of Neurology, Children's Hospital, Capital Institute of Pediatrics in March 2021 were extracted and analyzed. A literature search was implemented using Wanfang, China biology medicine disc, China national knowledge infrastructure, ClinVar, human gene mutation database (HGMD) and Pubmed databases with the key words "MRPS34" "MRPS34 gene" and "combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency 32" (up to February 2023). Clinical and genetic features of COXPD32 were summarized. Results: A boy aged 1 year and 9 months was admitted due to developmental delay. He showed mental and motor retardation, and was below the 3rd percentile for height, weight, and head circumference of children of the same age and gender. He had poor eye contact, esotropia, flat nasal bridge, limbs hypotonia, holding instability and tremors. In addition, Grade Ⅲ/6 systolic murmur were heard at left sternal border. Arterial blood gases suggested that severe metabolic acidosis with lactic acidosis. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed multiple symmetrical abnormal signals in the bilateral thalamus, midbrain, pons and medulla oblongata. Echocardiography showed atrial septal defect. Genetic testing identified the patient as a compound heterozygous variation of MRPS34 gene, c.580C>T (p.Gln194Ter) and c.94C>T (p.Gln32Ter), with c.580C>T being the first report and a diagnosis of COXPD32. His parents carried a heterozygous variant, respectively. The child improved after treatment with energy support, acidosis correction, and "cocktail" therapy (vitaminB1, vitaminB2, vitaminB6, vitaminC and coenzyme Q10). A total of 8 cases with COXPD32 were collected through 2 English literature reviews and this study. Among the 8 patients, 7 cases had onset during infancy and 1 was unknown, all had developmental delay or regression, 7 cases had feeding difficulty or dysphagia, followed by dystonia, lactic acidosis, ocular symptoms, microcephaly, constipation and dysmorphic facies(mild coarsening of facial features, small forehead, anterior hairline extending onto forehead,high and narrow palate, thick gums, short columella, and synophrys), 2 cases died of respiratory and circulatory failure, and 6 were still alive at the time of reporting, with an age range of 2 to 34 years. Blood and (or) cerebrospinal fluid lactate were elevated in all 8 patients. MRI in 7 cases manifested symmetrical abnormal signals in the brainstem, thalamus, and (or) basal ganglia. Urine organic acid test were all normal but 1 patient had alanine elevation. Five patients underwent respiratory chain enzyme activity testing, and all had varying degrees of enzyme activity reduction. Six variants were identified, 6 patients were homozygous variants, with c.322-10G>A was present in 4 patients from 2 families and 2 compound heterozygous variants. Conclusions: The clinical phenotype of COXPD32 is highly heterogenous and the severity of the disease varies from development delay, feeding difficulty, dystonia, high lactic acid, ocular symptoms and reduced mitochondrial respiratory chain enzyme activity in mild cases, which may survive into adulthood, to rapid death due to respiratory and circulatory failure in severe cases. COXPD32 needs to be considered in cases of unexplained acidosis, hyperlactatemia, feeding difficulties, development delay or regression, ocular symptoms, respiratory and circulatory failure, and symmetrical abnormal signals in the brainstem, thalamus, and (or) basal ganglia, and genetic testing can clarify the diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Acidosis, Lactic , Brain , Brain Stem , Dystonia , Dystonic Disorders , Mitochondrial Diseases
9.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 681-687, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985798

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the value of inflammation,coagulation and nutrition markers in predicting the failure of prosthesis removal and antibiotic-loaded bone cement spacer implantation for treatment of periprosthetic joint infection(PJI). Methods: A retrospective study was conducted on 70 patients who undertook prosthesis removal and antibiotic-loaded bone cement spacer implantation due to PJI from June 2016 to October 2020 in the Department of Orthopedics,Henan Provincial People's Hospital. There were 28 males and 42 females,aged (65.5±11.9) years (range: 37 to 88 years). Patients were divided into two groups as the successful group and the failed group depended on whether reinfection occurred after prosthesis removal and antibiotic-loaded bone cement spacer implantation at the last follow up. Patient demographics,laboratory values (C-reactive protein (CRP),erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR),ESR and CRP ratio (ESR/CRP),white blood cell count(WBC),platelet count(PLT),hemoglobin(HB),total lymphocyte count(TLC),albumin、fibrinogen(FIB),CRP and albumin ratio (CAR),prognostic nutritional index(PNI)),and reinfection rates were assessed. Comparison between groups was conducted by the independent sample t test or χ2 test. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted,and the area under the curve (AUC),optimal diagnostic threshold,sensitivity,and specificity were analyzed to predict the failure of prosthesis removal and antibiotic-loaded bone cement spacer implantation. Results: All patients were followed up for at least two years,and the follow-up time was (38.4±15.2) months (range: 24 to 66 months). Fifteen patients suffered failure after prosthesis removal and antibiotic-loaded bone cement spacer implantation,while the other 55 patients succeeded. The overall failure rate of prosthesis removal and antibiotic-loaded bone cement spacer implantation in PJI treatment was 21.4%. Level of preoperative CRP(35.9±16.2)mg/L,PLT(280.0±104.0)×109/L and CAR 1.3±0.8 in successful group were lower than CRP (71.7±47.3)mg/L,PLT (364.7±119.3)×109/L and CAR 2.5±2.0 in failed group (all P<0.05).Whereas,level of preoperative ESR/CRP (3.3±3.1), Albumin (35.3±5.2)g/L and PNI 43.6±6.2 in successful group were higher than ESR/CRP (1.6±1.4),Albumin(31.3±4.8)g/L and PNI (39.2±15.1) in failed group (all P<0.05). AUC of ROC curve,optimal threshold value,sensitivity and specificity of CRP,ESR/CRP, PLT, Albumin,CAR and PNI for the predicting failure of prosthesis removal and antibiotic-loaded bone cement spacer implantation were 0.776(95%CI:0.660 to 0.867),35.4 mg/L,86.7%,67.3%;0.725(95%CI:0.605 to 0.825),1.0,60.0%,78.2%;0.713(95%CI:0.593 to 0.815),253,93.3%,47.3%;0.721(95%CI:0.601 to 0.822),35.7,93.3%,49.1%;0.772(95%CI:0.656 to 0.863),1.1,86.7%,67.3%;0.706(95%CI:0.585 to 0.809),45.7,100%,41.8% respectively. Conclusion: In patients with PJI,CRP>35.4,ESR/CRP≤1.0 and CAR>1.1 could predict the failure of prosthesis removal and antibiotic-loaded bone cement spacer implantation.

10.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 935-940, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982366

ABSTRACT

Cryptogenic organic pneumonia (COP) refers to organic pneumonia that has not been identified a clear cause by current medical methods. A small proportion of COP can exhibit severe and progressive characteristics, while severe COP can cause systemic inflammatory storms and can be secondary to hemophilia. This article reported a case of acute severe COP secondary to hemophilia. A 67-year-old male patient was admitted to the hospital due to cough, shortness of breath, and fever. At first, he was misdiagnosed as severe pneumonia, but failed to receive anti infection treatments. Sputum pathogenetic examination and Macrogene testing of alveolar lavage fluid were performed, and no etiology was found to explain the patient's condition. The condition was gradually worsened and hemophilia occurred to explain, suggesting that acute severe COP was relevant. After receiving hormone treatment, the condition gradually relieved and the absorption of lung lesions improved. Hemophilia secondary to COP is rare, and the specific mechanism needs further study.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Aged , Hemophilia A/complications , Pneumonia/diagnosis , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Cough , Dyspnea/etiology
11.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 78-83, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953749

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To analyze the pathological manifestations and imaging characteristics of bronchiolar adenoma (BA). Methods    The clinical data of 11 patients with BA who received surgeries in our hospital from January 2019 to September 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including 5 males and 6 females aged 40-73 (62.40±10.50) years. The intraoperative rapid freezing pathological diagnosis, postoperative pathological classification, cell growth pattern, nuclear proliferation index Ki-67 and other immunohistochemical staining combined with preoperative chest CT imaging characteristics were analyzed. Results    The average preoperative observation time was 381.10±278.28 d. The maximum diameter of imaging lesions was 5-27 (10.27±6.34) mm. Eight (72.7%) patients presented with irregular morphology of heterogeneous ground-glass lesions, and 3 (27.3%) patients presented with pure ground-glass lesions. There were 10 (90.9%) patients with vascular signs, 8 (72.7%) patients with vacuolar signs, 1 (9.1%) patient with bronchus sign, 3 (27.3%) patients with pleural traction and 9 (81.8%) patients with burr/lobular sign. The surgical methods included sub-lobectomy in 10 patients and lobectomy in 1 patient. Five (45.5%) patients were reported BA by intraoperative frozen pathology. The postoperative pathological classification included 8 patients with distal-type and 3 patients with proximal-type, and the maximum diameter of the lesions was 4-20 (8.18±5.06) mm. Eight (72.7%) patients showed characteristic bilayer cell structure under microscope, and 10 (90.9%) patients showed thyroid transcription factor 1 expression in pathological tissues. The expression of NapsinA in intracavity cells was found in 9 (81.8%) patients. The Ki-67 index of the lesion tissue was 1%-5% (3.22%±1.72%). Conclusion    The pathological features and imaging findings of BA confirm the premise that BA is a neoplastic lesion. However, to identify BA as a benign or inert tumor needs more clinical data and evidence of molecular pathological studies.

12.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 518-523, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993121

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the advantage of three dimensional(3D)-printed tissue compensators in radiotherapy for superficial tumors at irregular sites.Methods:A subcutaneous xenograft model of prostate cancer in nude mice was established. Mice were randomly divided into no tissue compensator group( n=6), common tissue compensator group( n=6), and 3D-printed tissue compensator group( n=6). Computed tomography (CT) images of nude mice in the 3D-printed tissue compensator group were acquired. Compensator models were made using polylactic acid, and material properties were evaluated by measuring electron density. CT positioning images of the three groups after covering the corresponding tissue compensators were acquired to delineate the gross tumor volume (GTV). Nude mice in the three groups were irradiated with 6 MV X-rays at the prescribed dose. The prescribed dose for the three groups was 1 500 cGy. The dose distribution in the GTV of the three groups was calculated and compared using the analytical anisotropic algorithm in the Eclipse 13.5 treatment planning system. The metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor was used to verify the actual dose received on the skin surface of nude mice. Results:The air gap in the 3D-printed tissue compensator group and the common tissue compensator group was 0.20±0.07 and 0.37±0.07 cm 3, respectively ( t=4.02, P<0.01). For the no tissue compensator group, common tissue compensator group, and 3D-printed tissue compensator group, the D95% in the target volume was (1 188.58±92.21), (1 369.90±146.23), and (1 440.29±45.78) cGy, respectively ( F=9.49, P<0.01). D98% was (1 080.13±88.30), (1 302.76±158.43), and (1 360.23±48.71) cGy, respectively ( F=11.17, P<0.01). Dmean was (1 549.08±44.22), (1 593.05±65.40), and (1 638.87±40.83) cGy, respectively ( F=4.59, P<0.05). The measured superficial dose was (626.03±26.75), (1 259.83±71.94), and (1 435.30±67.22) cGy, respectively ( F=263.20, P<0.001). The percentage variation in tumor volume growth after radiation was not significantly different between the common tissue compensator group and the 3D-printed tissue compensator group ( P>0.05). Conclusions:3D-printed tissue compensators fit well to the body surface, which reduces air gaps, effectively increases the dose on the body surface near the target volume, and provides ideas for radiotherapy for superficial tumors at some irregular sites.

13.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 407-411, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992543

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the expressions of three biomarkers combination of CD27, CD38 and human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-DR in the application of discrminating active tuberculosis (ATB) and latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI).Methods:Sixty cases of ATB and 44 cases of LTBI were enrolled from March 2021 to February 2022 in Huashan Hospital, Fudan University and Wuxi Fifth People′s Hospital. Freshly isolated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from patients were stimulated with 6 kDa early secretory antigenic target/culture filtrate protein 10 peptide pools. The expressions of CD27, CD38 and HLA-DR on Mycobacterium tuberculosis-specific CD4 + T lymphocytes were evaluated by polychromatic flow cytometry. Mann-Whitney U test was used for statistical analysis. The area under the receiver operator characteristic curve (AUROC) was used to evaluate the diagnostic value of biomarkers in discriminating ATB and LTBI. Results:The frequencies of CD27 -, CD38 +, HLA-DR +, CD27 -CD38 +, CD27 -HLA-DR + and CD38 + HLA-DR + in ATB group were all higher than those in LTBI group, and the differences were all statistically significant ( U=26.00, 451.00, 384.00, 8.00, 7.00 and 184.00, respectively, all P<0.001). The AUROC of CD27 -CD4 + interferon-γ(IFN-γ) + T lymphocytes was 0.71 with a cut-off value of 52.31%, with the sensitivity of 50.00% and specificity of 87.20%. The AUROC of CD38 + CD4 + IFN-γ + T lymphocytes was 0.82 with a cut-off value of 30.25%, with the sensitivity of 73.40% and specificity of 89.70%. The AUROC of HLA-DR + CD4 + IFN-γ + T lymphocytes was 0.85 with a cut-off value of 36.60%, with the sensitivity of 66.00% and specificity of 94.90%. The AUROC of CD27 -CD38 + CD4 + IFN-γ + T lymphocytes was 0.80 with a cut-off value of 8.82%, with the sensitivity of 90.60% and specificity of 61.50%. The AUROC of CD27 -HLA-DR + CD4 + IFN-γ + T lymphocytes was 0.83 with a cut-off value of 18.62%, with the sensitivity of 75.00% and specificity of 79.50%. The AUROC of CD38 + HLA-DR + CD4 + IFN-γ + T lymphocytes was 0.93 with a cut-off value of 22.35%, with the sensitivity of 79.70% and specificity of 100.00%. Conclusions:The expressions of CD27 -, CD38 + and HLA-DR + in Mycobacterium tuberculosis-specific CD4 + T lymphocytes are higher in ATB group compared to LTBI group. ATB and LTBI could be well discriminated by detecting the expressions of CD27, CD38 and HLA-DR on CD4 + IFN-γ + T lymphocytes with flow cytometry.

14.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 316-319, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992536

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic value of neutrophil CD64 index (nCD64) in disseminated nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) infection.Methods:Thirty-six patients with NTM infection from January 2020 to June 2021 in Huashan Hospital, Fudan University were included. Patients were classified into groups of disseminated infection and focal infection according to their medical history and discharge diagnosis. The expressions of nCD64 in patients with focal infection and disseminated infection before treatment were collected and analyzed. Statistical analysis was performed using the Mann-Whitney U test, and the diagnostic value of nCD64 for disseminated NTM infection was analyzed using the receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve). Results:Among the 36 patients with NTM infection, 18 cases were focal infection (due to the low white blood cell count of the patient with myelodysplastic syndrome, the detection results were biased, which were excluded from the subsequent analysis) and 18 cases were disseminated infection. The expression of nCD64 in focal infection was 0.72(0.50, 1.55), and that in disseminated infection was 13.63(6.77, 32.31). The difference was statistically significant ( U=15.50, P<0.001). Using focal infection as a control, the area under the ROC curve for the operational characteristics of the subjects was 0.949 3 for disseminated NTM infection. The diagnostic cut-off value of nCD64 was 3.06, with the sensitivity and specificity of the disseminated NTM infection were 88.89% and 100.00%, respectively. Conclusions:In patients with NTM infection before effective treatment, the diagnostic cut-off value of nCD64 of 3.06 has high sensitivity and specificity, which is useful for the aided diagnosis of disseminated NTM infection.

15.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 276-280, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991005

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical diagnostic value of MRI retention enema cannula enhanced scanning in the high complex anal fistula.Methods:The clinical data of 60 anal fistula patients underwent surgery treatment from May 2020 to May 2022 in Affiliated Hospital of Shanxi University of Traditional Chinese Medicine were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent MRI plain scanning and enhanced scanning before operation. Compared with the surgical results, the difference between MRI plain scanning and enhanced scanning in the diagnosis of high complex anal fistula was compared.Results:All of the 60 patients successfully completed surgical treatment, and 58 cases internal orifices, 55 cases complex anal fistulas and 53 cases high anal fistulas were found intraoperatively. MRI plain scanning results showed 32 cases internal orifices, 46 cases complex anal fistulas and 42 cases high anal fistulas were found. MRI enhanced scanning results showed 54 cases internal orifices, 53 cases complex anal fistulas and 50 cases high anal fistulas were found. Based on surgical results, the coincidence rates of internal orifice, complex anal fistula and high anal fistula in MRI enhanced scanning were significantly higher than those in MRI plain scanning: 93.10% (54/58) vs. 55.17% (32/58), 96.36% (53/55) vs. 83.64% (46/55) and 94.34% (50/53) vs. 79.25% (42/53), and there were statistical differences ( χ2 = 21.76, 4.95 and 5.27; P<0.01 or <0.05). Conclusions:The MRI retention enema cannula enhanced scanning has obvious advantages in the diagnosis of high complex anal fistula, which provides scientific reference value for the diagnosis and operation of high complex anal fistula in clinic.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1103-1116, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978689

ABSTRACT

The incidence of thrombosis-induced cardiovascular diseases is increasing worldwide and poses a serious threat to human health. Three factors, slow speed of blood flow, hypercoagulable blood and vascular damage, have been considered to be causes of thrombosis. Antithrombotic drugs have been classified into three categories based on the mechanism of thrombosis, including anticoagulants, platelet inhibitors and fibrinolytics. The coagulation and anticoagulation systems have drawn increasing attention because of the important role they play in the process of thrombosis. Novel compounds with anticoagulant activity are now emerging, alleviating to some extent some of the problems associated with the clinical use of early approved thrombotic drugs, such as high bleeding risk, slow onset of action and narrow therapeutic windows. In this review, we initially describe the mechanisms of coagulation as well as thrombosis. Meanwhile, a wide range of bioactive compounds and potential antithrombotic candidates reported in recent years have been summarized. In addition, the structure-activity relationship of certain compounds has been discussed, expecting to facilitate the development of molecules with anticoagulant biological activity for the treatment of thrombotic diseases.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1780-1789, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978651

ABSTRACT

This study, aiming at finding biomarkers which can assist in the diagnosis of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) pneumonia and analyzing the metabolic pathways of anti-RSV activity of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi (SG)., explores the improvement effect of SG on mice models infected by RSV with the metabolomics technology based on UPLC-Q-Exactive HF X-MS. Mice models affected by RSV are established by nasal drip method and the changes of body weight, rectal temperature and pathological damage of lung tissue are evaluated. The lung tissue samples of mice in each group are collected and analyzed by UPLC-Q-Exactive HF X-MS. The differential metabolites of SG drug intervention are explored by metabolomics technology, and the metabolic pathways regulated by SG are analyzed. The results show that SG can significantly improve the pathological state of the lung tissue of the mice and make its body weight and rectal temperature tend to be normal. In the lung tissue samples, 46 biomarkers, such as guanine, L-asparagine, and arachidonic acid, are screened for disease development in RSV model mice. SG improved RSV infection by recalling 22 potential biomarkers, such as uric acid, arachidonic acid, and alanine. The 22 potential markers mainly involved 11 abnormal metabolic pathways, including phenylalanine, tyrosine, and tryptophan biosynthesis, and arachidonic acid metabolism, alanine, aspartic acid and glutamate metabolism are closely related to the five metabolic pathways. SG improves RSV-infected mice mainly by regulating amino acids, lipids, cofactors and vitamins and nucleotide metabolites. All animal experiments were conducted under the guidance and approval of the Animal Ethics Review Committee of Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine. (approval number: SDUTCM20210311001).

18.
International Eye Science ; (12): 894-899, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973772

ABSTRACT

AIM: To observe the effects and mechanisms of ferroptosis on high glucose(HG)-induced retinal pigment epithelium(RPE)cells injury, and to provide new ideas for the treatment of diabetic retinopathy(DR).METHODS: The ARPE-19 cell lines cultured in vitro were divided into normal control group(NC group), high glucose group(HG group), and high glucose+Ferrostatin-1 group(Fer-1 group). The cell viability of each group was detected by CCK-8 assay. The expressions of interleukin 6(IL-6), IL-1β and monocyte chemotactic protein-1(MCP-1)were detected using ELISA kits. The levels of malondialdehyde(MDA), glutathione(GSH), glutathione peroxidase 4(GPX4)and iron content were detected using the corresponding assay kits. The mitochondrial changes in ARPE-19 cells were observed by transmission electron microscopy. The expressions of ferroptosis-related proteins including long-chain lipoyl CoA synthase 4(ACSL4)and GPX4, as well as vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF)were detected by Western blotting and immunofluorescence staining.RESULTS: Compared with NC group, the cell viability of HG group decreased significantly, the expression levels of inflammatory factors in cell supernatant increased, the contents of MDA and iron significantly increased, GSH and GPX4 significantly decreased(all P&#x003C;0.01), the mitochondria of ARPE-19 cells shrunk, the expression of proteins ACSL4 and VEGF increased, while the expression of GPX4 decreased(all P&#x003C;0.01). Compared with HG group, the cell viability of Fer-1 group significantly increased, the expression levels of inflammatory factors in cell supernatant decreased, MDA and iron contents significantly decreased, GSH contents and GPX4 viability significantly increased(all P&#x003C;0.05), the morphology of mitochondria in ARPE-19 cells improved, the expression of ACSL4 and VEGF decreased, while the expression of GPX4 increased(all P&#x003C;0.05).CONCLUSION: Ferroptosis is involved in the injury of RPE induced by HG. Inhibiting ferroptosis can improve cell viability, reduce inflammation and oxidative stress, and alleviate HG-induced RPE cells injury.

19.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1266-1270, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973632

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To provide reference for the construction of intelligent pharmacy and quality control of each link in medical institutions. METHODS The problems, difficulties, and risk points in the links of prescription extraction, allocation, drug resource utilization, prescription and child information verification in pediatric outpatient and emergency pharmacy of our hospital were sorted out to put forward the solutions. The pediatric outpatient and emergency intelligent pharmacy service system of our hospital was established, and its effectiveness was analyzed. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS In response to the risk points of drug accumulation, dispensing errors, being prone to complaints or disputes, safety hazards in dispensing, and pharmacist’s incorrect operation in various stages such as payment, taking medicine and dispensing, pediatric outpatient and emergency intelligent pharmacy service system was established in our hospital by adding intelligent queuing links, enabling “QR codes”, introducing devices such as rapid dispensing machines, intelligent drug racks, and intelligent dismantling machines. After using the system, the average outpatient dispensing speed increased from 37.55 s/piece to 16.97 s/piece (direct delivery prescriptions) and 27.10 s/piece (non-direct delivery prescriptions), and the average emergency dispensing speed increased from 26.98 s/piece to 19.61 s/piece (P< 0.01). The walking distance for pharmacists to dispense prescriptions had decreased from 4-16 m/piece to 2-5 m/piece, and the inventory rate had shortened from 2.0-2.2 h/time to 1.5-1.7 h/time. The rate of dispensing error decreased from 0.003% to 0 (P< 0.01). At the same time, the improvement of pharmaceutical service quality has been demonstrated in terms of shortening the waiting time of family members of child, precise drug supplement and helping family members understand medication information. The application of the system can further promote pediatric outpatient and emergency pharmacy services in our hospital.

20.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 86-92, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014702

ABSTRACT

Retinoic acid (RA) is a metabolic intermediate of vitamin A, which plays an important role in embryonic development and cell growth and differentiation. Cellular retinoic acid-binding proteins 2 (CRABP2) are a group of low-molecular weight intracellular proteins whose primary physiological function is to transport RA to the nucleus. Generally, CRABP2 binds to the retinoic acid receptor (RAR), then regulates specific downstream signaling pathways to function. Abnormal expression of CRABP2 was closely related to several human malignant tumors, and could affect the tumor occurrence and development through regulating multiple growth or apoptosis associated pathways or key biological molecules. Therefore, CRABP2 may be considered as a new diagnostic and prognostic marker for cancer, and a new therapeutic target for malignant tumors. Our present article summarizes the relationship between CRABP2 and tumor progression, drug resistance and prognosis, so as to provide reference for the future research.

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