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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940613

ABSTRACT

Rehmanniae Radix is a common medicine of traditional Chinese medicine, which has the function of nourishing Yin and tonifying the kidney, and has a long application history of processing. This medicine was first recorded in Synopsis of Golden Chamber (《金匮要略》), which was mainly produced by steaming and boiling. Its processing materials were diverse. In addition to rice wine, honey, Amomi Fructus, milk, Aquilariae Lignum Resinatum, and Carthami Flos were also recorded in ancient books, but with the evolution of time, the characteristic excipients gradually disappeared. Based on this, starting with different excipients, the author consulted the classics of materia medica and processing specifications in various regions, sorted out the historical evolution of Rehmanniae Radix processing, and explored new methods and new ideas to exert the maximum efficacy on this basis. At the same time, the effects of different processing excipients on the chemical components and pharmacodynamic effects of Rehmanniae Radix were analyzed. After literature review, it was found that Rehmanniae Radix mainly had the effects of clearing heat and cooling blood, nourishing Yin and generating fluid. Its traditional processing excipients generally used rice wine, Carthami Flos and others. After processing with different excipients, there was different effects on the chemical components and pharmacological effects of Rehmanniae Radix. In summary, this paper can provide useful reference for standardized research on different processed products of Rehmanniae Radix.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934394

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop a self-made plasma quality control material for non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) and evaluate its performance.Methods:139 NIPT-negative maternal plasmas stored in the genetic department of Shaoxing maternal and child health hospital from January 1, 2019 to June 30, 2021 were divided into male groups (19 cases) and female groups (120 cases) according to the neonatal gender. 9360 cases from September 2020 to September 2021 were enrolled as clinical validation cases.First step, 200 μl plasma from a 47 years-old non-pregnant healthy women was used as a matrix. Different amounts (0.1, 0.2, 0.5, 2.5, and 5 μl) of positive DNA from fetal chromosome aneuploidy (T21, T18, T13) detection kit were added. The appropriate volume of positive DNA was 0.5 μl according to the test results. Second step,Plasma in male and female group was treated as matrix. 0.5 μl positive DNA was added per 205 μl. Plasma matrix from female group showed good repeatability and the sensitivity was 100%.Third step, evaluate the self-made plasma quality control material, including storage stability, matrix uniformity and repeatability, and the effect of different batch numbers of positive DNA, by calculating Z score and the CV of fetal DNA concentration (FF).Results:Plasma matrix from female group showed good repeatability and the sensitivity was 100%, while the sensitivity of male group was only 84%. The CV of FF in female matrix was 3.9% in the repetitive experiments. After adding 0.5 μl positive DNA, the mean FF of self-made positive plasma quality control was 5.63%±0.42%, Z values>6, and the CV was 7% after storage of three months. Considering the concentration variation of positive DNA in different lots, 1 μl of positive DNA should be added when the FF of positive DNA is lower than 10%.Used in 9360 clinical cases from September 2020 to September 2021, all positive plasma quality control materials showed positive results, and the positive predictive value of trisomy 21 was 100%.Conclusions:The NIPT self-made positive plasma quality control material has been successfully developed in this study. The preliminary experimental results show that it has good repeatability and stability, which is suitable for clinical application.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930060

ABSTRACT

Ferroptosis is drived by lipid reactive oxygen species, which plays an important role in the development of tumors. It has been found that a variety of clinical medicines, such as artemisinin derivatives, itraconazole, sulfasala zine, cucurbitacin B, paclitaxel, disulfiram/copper can induce ferroptosis and inhibit tumor growth in head and neck cancer (HNC) through different mechanisms. To study the regulatory mechanism of ferroptosis induced by commonly used drugs in the treatment of HNC can provide reference for the targeted treatment of ferroptosis in HNC.

4.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1118-1122, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929490

ABSTRACT

Keratoconus is a corneal ectatic disease characterized by progressive corneal thinning and protrusion. Its pathogenesis remains unclear. In vitro experiments have shown that mechanical stimulation may damage corneal stromal cells by increasing oxidative stress level and inflammatory factor concentration, resulting in a series of changes such as degradation of corneal extracellular matrix. Numerous clinical studies have confirmed that mechanical factors, including eye rubbing and eyeball compression caused by sleeping position, may play an important role in the process of keratoconus occurrence and development. They may affect the cornea by increasing the level of inflammatory factors in tear, causing changes in intraocular pressure, changing the biomechanical properties of the cornea, directly damaging corneal tissue by mechanical friction, and increasing the temperature of corneal epithelium. The main aim of this review was to describe the efforts of mechanical factors on corneal stromal cells, corneal tissue, and the possible role of mechanical factors in the pathogenesis of keratoconus, so as to provide a reference for the prevention and management of keratoconus.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928366

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To report on a case of mosaicism 13q inversion duplication, analyze its mechanism, and discuss the correlation between its genotype and phenotype.@*METHODS@#Amniotic fluid and umbilical cord blood were collected at 23 and 32 weeks of gestation, respectively. Combined with G-banding chromosome karyotyping analysis, single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP-array) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) were used to confirm the result.@*RESULTS@#The karyotype of the fetus was determined as 47,XY,+inv dup(13)(q14.3q34)/46,XY. After careful counseling, the couple decided to continue with the pregnancy, and had given birth to a boy at 40 weeks' gestation. Except for a red plaque (hemangioma) on the nose bridge, no obvious abnormality (intelligence to be evaluated) was discovered.@*CONCLUSION@#To provide reference for clinical genetic counseling and risk assessment, the location and proportion of new centromere formation should be fully considered in the case of mosaicism 13q inversion duplication.


Subject(s)
Amniocentesis , Chromosome Inversion/genetics , Comparative Genomic Hybridization , Female , Fetus , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Male , Mosaicism , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928094

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the effects and mechanisms of 6-gingerol on adipose tissue insulin resistance in naturally aging rats with glycolipid metabolism disorders. Twenty-seven aging male SD rats were randomly divided into a model group(aged, n=9) and two groups treated with 6-gingerol at 0.05 mg·kg~(-1)(G-L, n=9) and 0.2 mg·kg~(-1)(G-H, n=9). Six young rats were randomly assigned to a normal control group(NC). Rats were treated for seven weeks by gavage. Non-esterified fatty acid(NEFA) and insulin content was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA), and adipose tissue insulin resistance index(Adipo-IR) was calculated. HE staining was used to observe the size of adipocytes in epididymal white adipose tissue(eWAT). The gene and protein expression levels of adiponectin receptor 1(AdipoR1), AMP-activated protein kinase α(AMPKα), phosphorylated AMPK(p-AMPKα~(Thr172)), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator-1α(PGC-1α), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase(PI3 K), protein kinase B(Akt), phosphorylated Akt(p-Akt~(Ser473)), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), c-Jun N-terminal kinase 1/2(JNK1/2), phosphorylated JNK1/2(p-JNK~(Thr183/Tyr185)), interleukin-1β(IL-1β), and interleukin-6(IL-6) in adiponectin(APN), insulin, and inflammatory factor signaling pathways were detected by Western blot and real-time RCR, respectively. The results showed that 6-gingerol at a high dose could significantly decrease the fasting plasma content of NEFA and insulin and reduce Adipo-IR. Additionally, 6-gingerol at a high dose significantly increased the protein and mRNA expression of APN, AdipoR1, PGC-1α, and PI3 K in eWAT, elevated the relative expression of p-AMPK~(Thr172) and p-Akt~(Ser 473), reduced the protein and mRNA expression of TNF-α, IL-1, and IL-6 in eWAT, and decreased the relative expression of p-JNK1 and p-JNK2. This study reveals that 6-gingerol can improve insulin sensitivity of adipose tissues in aging rats with glycolipid metabolism disorders, and this effect is presumedly achieved by enhancing the PI3 K/Akt signaling pathway, inhibiting adipose tissue inflammation, increasing APN synthesis, enhancing AdipoR1 expression, and activating its downstream AMPK/PGC-1α signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Aging , Animals , Catechols , Fatty Alcohols , Insulin Resistance , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888400

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the molecular mechanism of a case where RhD genotyping did not match serological results.@*METHODS@#The serological results of 8 members from two generations of this family were analyzed. And according to Mendelian law of inheritance, RhD genotyping, zygotic type determination and gene sequencing were performed for the family members.@*RESULTS@#The proband and one of her cousins have the same RhD alleles, both of them have a 336-1G>A intron variant RhD allele and a complete RhD deletion allele. The variant alleles are inherited from two of their parents with blood relationship, while the complete-deleted alleles come from the other. 336-1G>A means that the last base G of the second intron of the RhD gene is mutated to A, which leads to a negative RhD serology and a positive genotype in the proband.@*CONCLUSION@#There was a rare 336-1G> A intron variant gene (RhD * 01N.25) in this family, which was a recessive gene relative to the RhD gene and resulted in RhD phenotype negative.


Subject(s)
Alleles , Female , Genotype , Humans , Introns/genetics , Pedigree , Phenotype , Rh-Hr Blood-Group System/genetics
8.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1894-1898, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886285

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To investigate the occurrence of medication errors (ME)in patients with hyperuricemia/gout and its related factors ,in order to avoid and reduce the occurrence of related ADE and ensure the safety of drug use in patients. METHODS:The ME reports related to hyperuricemia/gout were collected from National Monitoring Network for Clinical Safe Drug Use during Sept. 22nd,2012 to Jul. 9th,2020,and then analyzed in terms of reporting provinces ,classification and drugs involved,error content ,initiator and error factors. RESULTS :A total of 179 ME reports ,which met inclusion criteria ,were included from 47 hospitals in 11 provinces. The drugs involved mainly included benbromarone (36 cases,20.11%),allopurinol (31 cases,17.32%),calcium carbonate D 3(30 cases,16.76%),inverting sugar electrolyte (24 cases,13.41%)and sodium bicarbonate(22 cases,12.29%). Grade B ME were the most frequently reported (124 cases,69.27%);severe ME occurred in 3 cases(1.68%). The main errors were contraindications ,accounting for 70 cases(37.43%,mainly involving calcium carbonate D 3 and inverting sugar electrolyte ). The people who caused ME were mainly doctors ,involving 126 cases(70.39%,the main content of errors was contraindications ). The main error factors for ME were personnel factors ,involving 120 cases(67.04%,mainly lacking of knowledge ),followed by environmental factors (33 cases,mainly equipment failure ). CONCLUSIONS :ME in patients with hyperuricemia/gout are mainly caused by uric acid-lowering drugs and non-uric acid-lowering drugs that cause changes in uric acid. The main error contents include contraindications ,which were mostly caused by non-uric acid-lowering drugs and doctors. The main error factors are lack of knowledge and equipment failure. It is suggested to strengthen personnel training or introduce clinical medication support decision-making system ,while pay attention to the correct use and maintenance of related equipment in the process of drug use.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881057

ABSTRACT

We isolated a novel lectin (AHL) from Artocarpus hypargyreusHance and showed its immunomodulatory activities. In this study, the amino acid sequence of AHL was determined by cDNA sequencing. AHL cDNA (875bp) contains a 456-bp open reading frame (ORF), which encodes a protein with 151 amino acids. AHL is a new member of jacalin-related lectin family (JRLs), which share high sequence similarities to KM+ and Morniga M, and contain the conserved carbohydrate binding domains. The antitumor activity of AHL was also explored using Jurkat T cell lines. AHL exhibits a strong binding affinity to cell membrane, which can be effectively inhibited by methyl-α-D-galactose. AHL inhibits cell proliferation in a time- and dose-dependent manner through apoptosis, evidenced by morphological changes, phosphatidylserine externalization, poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) cleavage, Bad and Bax up-regulation, and caspase-3 activation. We further showed that the activation of ERK and p38 signaling pathways is involved for the pro-apoptotic effect of AHL.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930031

ABSTRACT

JAK2-STAT3 signaling pathway, as the main chain of intracellular signal transmission, plays an important role in cell proliferation, apoptosis, invasion, migration and immune response. Triggered by cytokines and interferon, this pathway can quickly transduce extracellular signals into the nucleus, and it has abnormal expression in various tumors, such as squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck, lung cancer, esophageal cancer, gastric cancer, liver cancer, breast cancer and myeloproliferative neoplasms. Further understanding of the carcinogenic mechanism of JAK2-STAT3 signaling pathway can provide new ideas for clinical treatment of tumors and prognosis.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879567

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To delineate the origin and structure of 3 cases of small supernumerary marker chromosomes (sSMCs) through cytogenetic and molecular genetic analysis.@*METHODS@#Conventional G, C and N banding were carried out to analyze the chromosomal karyotypes. Chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) were used to delineate the origin and structure of the sSMCs.@*RESULTS@#In case 1, chromosomal karyotype of peripheral blood sample was 47,XY,+mar. This de novo sSMC was a dual-satellited dicentric inverted duplicated marker chromosome, for which CMA yielded a normal result. It was predicted to not increase the risk of offspring. In case 2, the fetal chromosomal karyotype was 47,XY,+mar[17]/46,XY[33]. Chromosomal banding suggested that this de novo segment contained euchromatin, and the result of CMA was arr[hg19] 5p12q11.1(45 694 574-49 475 697) × 3. FISH showed the sSMC to be a fragment derived from 5p12 containing the HCN1 gene. Case 3 was found to have a fetal karyotype of 45,XY,-13[25]/46,XY,r(13)[18]/46,XY,-13,+mar[7]. Both parents had refused further examination.@*CONCLUSION@#Conventional chromosomal banding combined with molecular methods can delineate the origin and structure of the sSMCs, which can help with prediction of their pathogenicity and facilitate genetic counseling.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Banding , Chromosome Disorders , Cytogenetics , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Karyotyping
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879102

ABSTRACT

As the most advanced environment-friendly production model in the international society, ecological agriculture of Chinese materia medica(CMM) is the only way for the development of modern agriculture. With the proposal of the declaration on ecolo-gical agriculture of CMM, "Don't grab land from farmland, don't be enemies of grass and insects, don't be afraid of barren slopes and forests, and live up to the green and green mountains", the ecological planting of CMM has blossomed all over the country, and formed a scientific theory, technology and model. Based on the theory and method of economics, this paper expounds the comprehensive benefits and development advantages of ecological agriculture of CMM from the perspectives of farmers(producers), patients(consumers) and the country. From the perspective of medicinal farmers, the input and output income of conventional agriculture and ecological agriculture of CMM such as Panax ginseng, Astragalus propinquus, Atractylodes lancea, and Bupleurum chinense were compared, and it was found that ecological agriculture of CMM had obvious advantages in net income, average annual income and input-output ratio, which could better promote farmers' income. From the perspective of patients, according to the same dose, the content of active ingredients in ecologically planted CMMs is significantly higher than that in conventionally-planted herbs, and the amount of effective substances taken by patients is also higher, so as to achieve better therapeutic effect. At the national level, ecological planting of CMM is the key to ensuring the high-quality development of CMM industry, increasing farmers' income, ensuring the safety of people's drug use and promoting the sustainable development of agriculture. It is also an important part of realizing the harmonious development of economy, society and environment and promoting ecological civilization. In general, the declaration on ecological agriculture of CMM embo-dies the core characteristics and goals of ecological agriculture, and also points of the path and vision of ecological agriculture of CMM in the future. The declaration will guide production practice, promote the benefit of farmers, and lay the foundation for the sustainable development of CMM industry.


Subject(s)
Agriculture , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Materia Medica , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plants, Medicinal
13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1403-1410, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922272

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish cytarabine-resistant acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cell lines and investigate its possible resistant mechanism.@*METHODS@#Low-concentration cytarabine (Ara-C) continuously induced and cultured Jurkat and Nalm-6 cells to construct cytarabine-resistant cell lines Jurkat/Ara-C and Nalm-6/Ara-C. The cell viability was detected by CCK-8 assay, and the distribution of cell cycle was detected by flow cytometry. Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR was used to detect the mRNA expression levels of multidrug resistant gene and Ara-C metabolic enzymes. The expression levels of cyclin were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Jurkat/Ara-C and Nalm-6/Ara-C drug-resistant cell lines were successfully established, the resistance index of which was 1 973.908±161.163 and 7 231.643± 1 190.624, respectively. Drug-resistant cell lines had no cross-resistance to commonly used chemotherapeutic drugs, such as doxorubicin. Flow cytometry showed that the ratio of G@*CONCLUSION@#Cytarabine-resistant ALL cell lines are successfully established by using low concentration continuous induction method, and its drug-resistant mechanism may be related to the deficiencies of DCK and cyclinB1.


Subject(s)
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily G, Member 2 , Cell Line , Cytarabine/pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Humans , Neoplasm Proteins , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827716

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the prenatal diagnosis procedure for a 45,X male fetus.@*METHODS@#A 31-year-old women underwent amniocentesis due to a moderate risk of trisomy 21. The fetal cells were subjected to chromosomal karyotyping, BACs-on-Beads (BoBs) assay, chromosomal microarray analysis and fluorescence in situ hybridization.@*RESULTS@#Combined analyses revealed that the whole of Yp has translocated to 21p, which yielded a fetal karyotype of 45,X,dic(Y;21)(q11;p11).ishdic(Y;21)(SRY+,CEPY+;CEP21+).@*CONCLUSION@#BoBs and modified N-banding method are helpful for the diagnosis of 45,X male fetus with Yp translocation.

15.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 506-509, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811650

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the possible transmission route of a family cluster of COVID-19 in Zhengzhou and the potential infectivity of COVID-19 in incubation period, and provide scientific evidence for the timely control of infectious source and curb the spread of the epidemic.@*Methods@#Epidemiological investigation was conducted for a family cluster of COVID-19 (8 cases) with descriptive epidemiological method, and respiratory tract samples of the cases were collected for the nucleic acid detection of 2019-nCoV by RT-PCR.@*Results@#Two primary cases, which occurred on 31 January and 1 February, 2020, respectively, had a common exposure history in Wuhan. The other six family members had onsets on 30 January, 31 January, 1 February (three cases) and 3 February, 2020.@*Conclusions@#In this family cluster of COVID-19, six family members were infected through common family exposure to the 2 primary cases. Five secondary cases had onsets earlier than or on the same day as the primary cases, indicating that COVID-19 is contagious in incubation period, and the home isolation in the early phase of the epidemic might lead to the risk of family cluster of COVID-19.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872793

ABSTRACT

Objective::This study aims to explore the effect and mechanism of Yuehua capsule serum for autophagy of macrophages infected with multi-drug resistant mycobacterium tuberculosis. Method::The rats were undertaken intragastric gavage with Yuehua capsule by 3.02 g·kg-1 once a day which was produced through low temperature condensation drying method. After 7 days, blood of abdominal aorta of rats was collected to prepare Yuehua capsule serum. RAW264.7 andmultidrug resistant tuberculosis were cultured in vitro.According to cell counting kit-8(CCK-8), 10% drug-containing serum was considered as the effective concentration. The cultured cells were divided into four groups: model groups(10% fetal bovine serum). Yuehua capsule serum(10% Yuehua capsule serum). Autophagy inhibitor group+ 3-MA+ Yuehua capsule medicated serum(3-MA+ 10% Yuehua capsule serum). Rapamycin (Rap) positive control group(200 mg·L-1 Rap+ 10% Yuehua capsule serum). Except for the normal group, the cells of each group were cultured for 24 h and infected for 4 h according to cell-bacteria 1∶10.Testing index: observation of autophagosomes under transmission electron microscope, the test of expression of microtubule-associated protein light chain-3Ⅱ(LC-3Ⅱ), microtubule-associated protein LC 3-Ⅱ/microtubule-associated protein light chain 3-Ⅰ(LC3-Ⅰ) and Beclin-1 with Western blot, indirect immunofluorescence staining for LC3B, and mRNA of Beclin-1 as well as LC3 with real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR). Result::Compared with normal group, model group did not see autophagy body cells, cells in the LC-3 Ⅱ, LC-3 Ⅱ/LC-3 Ⅰ, Beclin-1 protein and LC3, Beclin-1 mRNA gene expression level had no significant change, the cells without fluorescent particles, spots, no fluorescence intensity.Compared with model group, Yuehua capsules serum group and Rap positive control group can be observed the formation of phage, mRNA andprotein expression levelof LC-3 Ⅱ, LC-3 Ⅱ/LC-3 Ⅰ, Beclin-1 and LC3, Beclin-1 were significantly increased (P<0.05). Autophagy inhibitor group+ 3-MA+ Yuehua capsule medicated serum did not see autophagy, the mRNA and protein expression level of LC-3 Ⅱ, LC-3Ⅱ/LC-3Ⅰ, Beclin-1 and LC3, Beclin-1 were no significantly increased. Conclusion::Yuehua capsule medicated serum could induce autophagy of macrophages of RAW264.7.The mechanism was probably accomplished through regulating the expression level of autophagy key protein LC3, autophagosome mature protein Beclin-1 and relevant gene, meanwhile the conversion of LC3-I to LC3-Ⅱ was accelerated.

17.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 300-305, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870963

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the related factors affecting the use of autogenous arteriovenous fistula (AVF), and provide a theoretical basis for prolonging the service life of AVF in hemodialysis patients.Methods:This was a retrospective study. The patients undergoing AVF and using it to maintain hemodialysis (MHD) in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University from October 2004 to June 2017 were selected as study subjects to discuss the relevant factors affecting the service life of AVF. The data of general information, dialysis and laboratory examinations were collected through questionnaire surveys, hospital case system and hemodialysis record sheets. The patients were divided into the patency group and the dysfunction group according to the status of AVF, and the related factors were compared. Multivariate Cox proportional hazard model was used to analyze the influencing factors, and Kaplan-Meier survival curve was used to determine the service life of AVF, respectively.Results:A total of 187 subjects were included in the study. The patency group had 140 cases and the dysfunction group had 47 cases. There were statistically significant differences in the proportion of diabetes, the level of serum albumin, uric acid and parathyroid hormone (PTH) between the two groups (all P<0.05). Multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression analysis showed that diabetes ( HR=9.348, 95% CI 3.507-24.918, P<0.001) and hypoalbuminemia ( HR=12.650, 95% CI 2.925-54.714, P=0.001) were risk factors for the short service life of AVF. The results of Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the service life of AVF in patients with diabetes was significantly shorter than that in MHD patients without diabetes (Log-rank χ2=13.191, P<0.001); the service life of AVF in patients with hypoalbuminemia was significantly shorter than that without hypoalbuminemia (Log-rank χ2=13.591, P<0.001). Conclusions:Diabetes mellitus and hypoalbuminemia are risk factors for the short service life of AVF. Therefore, intervention programs should be formulated to extend the service life of AVF.

18.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 381-388, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868979

ABSTRACT

Distal junctional problem (DJP) is one of the severe complications after spinal correction, fixation and fusion. As the number of patients receiving spinal surgery increased recently, the incidence of DJP also increased dramatically. Compared with proximal junctional problem, the incidence of DJP is low. However, the clinical symptoms are severe, and the rate of surgical revision is high in patients with distal junctional problems. DJP include distal junctional kyphosis (DJK) and distal junctional failure(DJF). The definition of DJK is confusing, however, and the most commonly used was that the distal junction Angle at the last follow-up was greater than 10° and increased by 10° compared with that before surgery. There are 6 DJF modes: progressive loss of lumbar lordosis,acute wedging in the disc below the instrumentation, fracture of LIV, osteoporotic fracture below the long rigid fixation, failure of the instrumentation at LIV, spinal stenosis and or segmental instability underneath the instrumentation. Possible risk factors for DJP include weight, age, type of spinal deformity, osteoporosis, choice of LIV, hip disease, deformity location, surgical approach, surgical procedure, fusion segments, fixation devices, LIV at L5, fixed to S1 with no iliac screws, poor restoration of spinal alignment, et al. Currently, there are some controversies in DJP, mainly including the incidence, risk factors whether needs to and how to revise. The review intends to conduct a simple literature review of the current DJP diagnostic criteria, incidence, risk factors, and other research progress, in order to improve the understanding of the distal junction problem.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-861592

ABSTRACT

Objective: A single-center retrospective analysis was performed to obtain data on the clinical characteristics and the factors influencing the survival of patients with mucosa associated lymphoma tissue lymphoma (MALT lymphoma). Method: From September 2012 to May 2019, we retrospectively analyzed 180 cases of MALT lymphoma diagnosed through pathological biopsy. Result: Among the 180 patients, 99 (55.0%) were male and 81 (45.0%) were female. The age at onset was 31-84 years, and the median age was 57 years. There were 59 (32.8%), 66 (96.1%), and 55 (3.9%) cases involving gastrointestinal, ocular, and other extranodal primary sites, which included the lung, pharyngeal lymph ring, thyroid, parotid gland, and testis, respectively. Moreover, there were 173 (94.4%) cases of clinical stage -Ⅱdisease and 7 cases (5.6%) of clinical stage III- disease. The 5-year overall survival (OS) rates in the gastrointestinal, ocular, and other groups were 96.7%, 95.5%, and 86.4%, respectively, and the difference was not statistically significant (P= 0.118). The 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) rates were 82.4%, 86.6%, and 86.4% in the corresponding groups, respectively, and the difference was not statistically significant (P=0.862). The single-factor correlation analysis of prognosis indicated that low hemoglobin (P=0.006) and high β2-microglobulin (P=0.013) levels were related to OS, while an increase in β2-microglobulin (β2-MG) (P=0.004) levels was related to OS and PFS. Survival analysis showed that a low hemoglobin level was significantly associated with OS (P=0.015). Conclusions: MALT lymphoma can originate from different parts of the body. Additionally, the patients show slow clinical progress, late recurrence, and long total survival. Low hemoglobin and β2-MG levels can be used as important indexes for clinical prognosis.

20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880486

ABSTRACT

Scutellaria baicalensis (S. baicalensis) and Scutellaria barbata (S. barbata) are common medicinal plants of the Lamiaceae family. Both produce specific flavonoid compounds, including baicalein, scutellarein, norwogonin, and wogonin, as well as their glycosides, which exhibit antioxidant and antitumor activities. Here, we report chromosome-level genome assemblies of S. baicalensis and S. barbata with quantitative chromosomal variation (2n = 18 and 2n = 26, respectively). The divergence of S. baicalensis and S. barbata occurred far earlier than previously reported, and a whole-genome duplication (WGD) event was identified. The insertion of long terminal repeat elements after speciation might be responsible for the observed chromosomal expansion and rearrangement. Comparative genome analysis of the congeneric species revealed the species-specific evolution of chrysin and apigenin biosynthetic genes, such as the S. baicalensis-specific tandem duplication of genes encoding phenylalanine ammonia lyase and chalcone synthase, and the S. barbata-specific duplication of genes encoding 4-CoA ligase. In addition, the paralogous duplication, colinearity, and expression diversity of CYP82D subfamily members revealed the functional divergence of genes encoding flavone hydroxylase between S. baicalensis and S. barbata. Analyzing these Scutellaria genomes reveals the common and species-specific evolution of flavone biosynthetic genes. Thus, these findings would facilitate the development of molecular breeding and studies of biosynthesis and regulation of bioactive compounds.


Subject(s)
Evolution, Molecular , Flavonoids/biosynthesis , Genome, Plant , Plant Extracts/genetics , Scutellaria/metabolism , Whole Genome Sequencing
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