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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896400

ABSTRACT

Background@#An in vitro study on rapid culturing method of human gingival fibroblast cells (HGFCs) was established to investigate the potential use of the leukocyte-platelet rich fibrin (L-PRF) in tissue engineering technology, different medical fields, including periodontology and implantology. @*Methods@#Eight biopsies were obtained from eight different donors and a modified culturing technique was developed to obtain HGFCs. The modified 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide MTT assay was used to compare the cell viability when the modified culturing method was used in comparison to the standard method. Blood samples were collected from the same patients and L-PRF was isolated using a standard protocol. The releases of platelet-derived growth factor-AA and transforming growth factor-beta1 at various time intervals were observed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit. The proliferative effect of L-PRF on HGFCs was assessed by the cell counting kit—8 assay. @*Results@#A simple and rapid modified method for in vitro HGFC culture yielded a cellular monolayer within three to nine days after cell culture. L-PRF with three-dimensional polymer fibers released growth factors that peaked during the first three hours and continued to produce up to 10 days. The L-PRF presented a dose-dependent effect on HGFCs proliferation where HGFCs proliferation increased with an increase in L-PRF concentration. @*Conclusion@#The modified technique for the culture of HGFCs might be useful for the development of future experimental and clinical studies, besides L-PRF has great therapeutic potential in oral surgery fields.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904104

ABSTRACT

Background@#An in vitro study on rapid culturing method of human gingival fibroblast cells (HGFCs) was established to investigate the potential use of the leukocyte-platelet rich fibrin (L-PRF) in tissue engineering technology, different medical fields, including periodontology and implantology. @*Methods@#Eight biopsies were obtained from eight different donors and a modified culturing technique was developed to obtain HGFCs. The modified 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide MTT assay was used to compare the cell viability when the modified culturing method was used in comparison to the standard method. Blood samples were collected from the same patients and L-PRF was isolated using a standard protocol. The releases of platelet-derived growth factor-AA and transforming growth factor-beta1 at various time intervals were observed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit. The proliferative effect of L-PRF on HGFCs was assessed by the cell counting kit—8 assay. @*Results@#A simple and rapid modified method for in vitro HGFC culture yielded a cellular monolayer within three to nine days after cell culture. L-PRF with three-dimensional polymer fibers released growth factors that peaked during the first three hours and continued to produce up to 10 days. The L-PRF presented a dose-dependent effect on HGFCs proliferation where HGFCs proliferation increased with an increase in L-PRF concentration. @*Conclusion@#The modified technique for the culture of HGFCs might be useful for the development of future experimental and clinical studies, besides L-PRF has great therapeutic potential in oral surgery fields.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866581

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical significance of biopsy pathological examination of cervical cytology negative, high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) positive.Methods:The pathological data of cervical biopsy in 220 patients with cytological negative, HPV16/18 positive or interval of 1 year other 12 high-risk HPV (12HR-HPV) lasting positive for more than 1 year from January 2014 to May 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Of 220 patients, there were 3 cases with adenocarcinoma, 18 cases with CINⅢ, 18 cases with CINⅡ, 69 cases with CINⅠ, 47 cases with condyloma-like lesions, 65 cases of chronic inflammation.Among 36 cases of high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions, there were 35 cases with HPV16/18 positive, accounting for about 15.91%(35/220), and only 1 case of other 12 high-risk HPV was continuously positive for more than one year, accounting for 0.45%(1/220).Conclusion:Cervical cytological screening may appear false negative, high-risk HPV typing examination may be more able to detect cervical intraepithelial lesions, for cytological negative, high-risk HPV positive, especially HPV16/18 positive, immediate referral colposcopy can reduce the missed diagnosis of cervical high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions and even cancerous.

4.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 209-213, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804816

ABSTRACT

Insufficient bone quantity in the posterior region of the maxilla is one of the difficulties for dental implant placement. Maxillary sinus augmentation is considered to be a reliable treatment to solve the problem of insufficient bone quantity. With the increase of researches on maxillary sinus elevation, the debate over osteogenesis potential of Schneiderian membrane is getting more attention. Therefore, this article will review the current research on osteogenic potential of the Schneiderian membrane and its influence factors.

5.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 135-137, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804702

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the range of indications for dental implants has undergone many modifications and has been widened. In the past, oral lichen planus was regarded as contraindication for the placement of implants. According to recent literature, some patients with oral lichen planus have been selected for dental implantology, indicating comparable implant survival rate to patients without oral lichen planus. Nevertheless, clinical information on this topic is still scarce and evidence-based treatment guidelines are not available. This paper reviews the research progress of dental implant in patients with oral lichen planus, discusses the benefits and risks of implant rehabilitation in this group of patients and proposes treatment recommendations based on existing studies.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743727

ABSTRACT

A femal patient with 16 loss and the residual bone height of 4 mm at posterior maxilla was treated by"two steps"sinus evaluation via transcrestal approach with the add of endoscope to enable the operation to be performed visibly. Platelet rich fibrin was used to insulate the osteotome and Schneiderian membrane to decrease the risk of membrane perforation, the dental abutment was simultaneously implanted, 3 months after operation uper part for 16 dental implant was restore.

7.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 642-645, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797554

ABSTRACT

Graphene derivatives are the new bioactive material with good physical and chemical properties and excellent biocompatibility. It has been found that graphene derivatives can improve the mechanical properties of biomaterials and promote the adhesion, proliferation and differentiation of osteoblast-related cells, so as to promote implant-bone bonding and repair of bone defects. This makes it a research hotpot in the field of bone tissue regeneration. In this paper, the mechanism of graphene derivatives promoting bone regeneration and their application in the oral field were reviewed, so as to provide theoretical basis for their application in basic and clinical research.

8.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 284-288, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809896

ABSTRACT

Keratinized mucosa in oral cavity plays an important role in periodontal health. The defect of keratinized mucosa may increase the risks of complication of oral implant surgery and restoration. Graft of keratinized tissue and connective tissue are still the gold standard for treating keratinized mucosa defect now. The current research focus on how to modulate non-keratinized mucosa to highly-efficient and minimally-invasive keratinized mucosa. Keratinocytes are critical components of oral mucosa and its final differentiation into keratinized mucosa is controlled by the connective tissue microenvironment involving a variety of molecules and ions. To fully understand keratinized differentiation of keratinocyte, this review focuses on its influence factors and possible mechanisms under the differentiation.

9.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 703-707, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807462

ABSTRACT

FimA has been characterized as an important virulence factor for Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg). These structures play a major role in the mechanisms of adhesion and invasion of Pg to host cells, and can induce cellular activation and cytokines release. FimA can also promote biofilm formation and induce immuno-inflammatory response of host cells. Many studies have characterized FimA to be associated with periodontitis and cardiovascular disease. Pg strains are classified into six types based on divergent nucleotide sequences of the fimA gene (types Ⅰ、Ⅰb、Ⅱ、Ⅲ、Ⅳ andⅤ). The expression of fimbriae is regulated by the fimA gene, which may be the key factor that leads to virulence diversities of Pg, At present, the research on the pathogenesis of FimA mainly focuses on periodontitis and atherosclerosis, which is of great significance for the prevention and treatment of diseases. This paper reviewed the pathogenic effect of FimA in the development of above mentioned two diseases and its application in the prevention.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697469

ABSTRACT

There are different degrees of bone defect in immediate implantation for anterior dentition. During conventional guided bone regeneration, the wound was difficultly closed in operation,and there was more inflammatory response and infection risk. In this paper,a case of immediate implantation for anterior dentition combined with platelet rich-fibrin(PRF) was reported,the clinical effects of guiding bone regeneration and alleviating the inflammatory response.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697440

ABSTRACT

A case with horizontal and vertical bone deficiency at the maxillary esthetic area is reported.A titanium disk was applied to maintain the space for guided bone regeneration,and ridge splitting and bone compressing technique were used to prepare the site.Finally,the restoration of implant tooth with favorable esthetic outcome was obtained.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697423

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the attachment and collagen deposition of human gingival firbroblasts (HGFs) on titanium surface with different topography.Methods:Titanium surfaces created by machining(group M),electrolytic etching(group ECE) and electrolytic etching and acid etching(group ECA) were observed by SEM.HGFs cultured on the titanium surfaces were observed by laser scanning confocal microscope.Attachment of the cells was examined by comparing the numbers of attached to detached cells,respectively.Collagen production and deposition were examined via a Sirius red-based stain assay and confocal laser scaning microscopy.Results:The surface rouphness (μm) of group M,ECE and ECA was 0.867 5 ± 0.136 8,1.749 8 ± 0.355 1 and 1.671 4 ± 0.297 0 (P< 0.05) respectively,Cell attachment was significantly weaker on machined surface than on ECE and ECA surfaces,while which was weaker on ECE surface than on ECA surface.Collagen production was the highest on the machined surface,followed by that on ECE and ECA surface,Collagen deposition displayed a parallel pattern on the machined surface,while it was multidirectional on the ECE and ECA surfaces.Conclusion:The ECA surface of titanium may be beneficial to HGFs attachment,the machined surface may promote collagen deposition.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697422

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the changes of marginal bone resportion between immediate implantation and delayed implantation after 12 to 24 months of definitive prostheses finished.Methods:41 patients were recruited and divided into immediate implant placement group(n =20) and delayed implant placement group(n =21).All implants were evaluated via radiograph after surgery,6 months after implantion,1 year and 2 years after prostheses placement respectively,the height of marginal bone was measured 6 month after implation,1 year and 2 years after prostheses placement.Results:After 6 month,1 year and 2 year the mesial marginal bone attachement (MBA) of immediate implant placement group increased by (1.35 ± 1.12),(2.16 ± 1.73) and (2.53 ± 1.65) mm,the distal by (1.46 ± 1.17),(1.94 ± 1.16) and (2.32 ± 1.68) mm,respectively (among the 3 time points of examination,P < 0.05).As for the delayed implantation group,in the mesial area MBA increased by (-0.52 ± 0.47),(-0.69 ± 0.58) and (-0.97 ± 0.78) mm,in the distal area by (-0.46 ± 0.44),(-0.60 ± 0.45) and (-0.72 ± 0.63) mm (among 3 time points,P > 0.05).Conclusion:Immediate implantation is superior to delayed implantation for marginal bone attachement of dental implant.

14.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 310-316, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259407

ABSTRACT

The sufficiency of hard and soft tissue at the implant site is the guarantee of long-term function, health and the appearance of implant denture. Problem of soft tissue recession at the implant site has always been bothering dentists. Traditional methods for augmentation of soft tissue such as gingival transplantation have disadvantages of instability of the increased soft-tissue and more trauma. Lately the methods that base on tissue engineering to increase the soft tissue of peri-implant sites have drawn great attention. This review focuses on the current methods of peri-implant restoration through tissue engineering, seed cells, biological scaffolds and cytokines.


Subject(s)
Dental Implants , Dental Research , Gingiva , Gingival Recession , Therapeutics , Humans , Tissue Engineering , Methods
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-465274

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Biomechanical compatibility is the necessary condition to ensure the stable osseointegration with implants that then can function over a long period; therefore, it is especialy important to get knowledge about distribution of stress and strain between the maxilary central incisor and its surrounding bone tissue. OBJECTIVE: Based on five different anatomical types of natural teeth, to study the regularity of stress distribution between the maxilary central incisor root and implant.METHODS: According to the five different anatomical types of natural maxilary central incisors, UGNX and ANSYS were used to set up three-dimensional finite element models (B1, B2, M1, M2, P1) for the implant and surrounding structures, which were under 100 N static load at angles of 0o, 30o, 45o, 60o, 90o with the long axis of teeth. Then, the stress distribution between the five kinds of maxilary central incisor roots and implants was analyzed. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Among the five different anatomical types, the equivalent stress for both the natural central incisor and implant were increased with the increasing of angles, and the implant had a higher raising trend. The equivalent stress for the natural tooth concentrated upon B1 for the maximum value and M1 for the minimum value; while the equivalent stress for the implant focused on the maximum value at M1 and the minimum value at M2. There was a gap of 2%-31% between the equivalent stresses for the natural tooth roots and a gap of 4%-21% for the implants. The stress distribution range for the implant was just smaler than that for the natural tooth roots. It implies that the bit force of implant and natural tooth is in positive proportion to the bite angles, and the bite force that implant can burden is smaler than that the central incisor can.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-463585

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determin the effect of PLGA microspheres loading with PTH(1 34)[PTH(1 34)/PLGA]on the differentiation of MC3T3E1 cells.Methods:MC3T3E1 cells were divided into control group,continuous or intermittent PTH(1 34)adminstration groups,PLGA microsphere group and PTH(1 34)/PLGA group.Osteogenesis differentiation was observed by alkaline phosphatase activity(ALP),alizarin red staining and RTPCR.Results:The PTH(1 34)/PLGA with 1 0 -9 mol/L final release concentration enhanced ALP activity and mineralization,increased the mRNA expression of RUNX2,ALP and VEGF.Conclusion:Controlledrelease of PTH(1 34)from PLGA microspheres can promote the osteogenesis differentiation of MC3T3E1 cells.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-462942

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Poly(butylene succinate) (PBS) and polypropylenecarbonate (PPC) are new medical materials developed in recent years, characterized as good biocompatibility, biodegradability and the low price. OBJECTIVE:To prepare the PBS/PPC biofilm by electrostatic spinning method and evaluate its physical and chemical properties, degradation performance and effect on cel proliferationin vitro. METHODS:The PBS/PPC biofilm was prepared using electrostatic spinning method: 0.9 g PBS and 0.9 g PPC were dissolved in 10 mL of trichloromethane at room temperature and stirred magneticaly until they were fulydissolved. Then, the spinning solution was added into a spinning tube with a distance of about 15 cm and at a voltage of 18 kV. The surface morphology was observed by scanning electron microscopy. The intensity, contact angle and water absorption, pH value and weight loss in the process ofin vitro degradation were measured. MG63 cels were co-cultured with the biofilm for 7 days and cel proliferation was detected by cel counting kit-8. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The PBS/PPC biofilm showed a porous structure with interconnected pores. The fiber diameter was about 0.88 μm, the average aperture was about 5.68 μm, the porosity was 78.3%, the fracture intensity was 2.31 MPa, the elongation rate at break was 23.48%, the average value of contact angle was 87°, and the water absorption rate was 68.54%. During the biofilm degradation, the pH value decreased gradualy andreduced to 6.76 at 12 weeks; meanwhile, the biofilm degraded equaly and gradualy, and the weight loss rate was 6.04% at the end of the 12th week. The results of cel counting kit-8 showed that the PBS/PPC biofilm could promote cel proliferation. Overal, the PBS/PPC biofilm has good physical and chemical properties, good space-making feature, wettability and degradability, which can provide sufficient time for bone tissue regeneration.

18.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 99-102, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360444

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effect of parathyroid hormone (1-34) [PTH(1-34)] and coralline hydroxyapatite (CHA) on bone regeneration of peri- implant bone defects.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Two implant sites were prepared on both sides of tibia in 8 mongrel dogs. The bone defect was created along one bone wall of each implant site. Implants were implanted into the implant sites, then CHA was grafted into the bone defects. After surgery, the animals were randomly divided into two groups. PTH (1-34) (40 µg/kg) was used for subcutaneous injection to the experimental group for three consecutive days, meanwhile the same amount of saline was given to the control group. Half of the animals of each group were sacrificed after 4 weeks and 8 weeks respectively. Specimens were subjected to implant pull- out strength tests, X-ray picture and histological observation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The bone density of bone defects in the experimental group were higher than that in the control group. No low-density images was observed between the implants and bone at 4 weeks and 8 weeks. The maximum pull-out force value of the experimental group (199.8 N, 411.5 N) was higher at 4 weeks and 8 weeks than that of the control group (100.1 N, 184.5 N) (P < 0.05). The pull-out force value of the experimental group at 4 weeks and the pull-out force value of the control group at 8 weeks were similar. The new bone trabecular around CHA of experimental group was thicker at 4 weeks. Implant surface contacted to the new bone directly without fiber. CHA granules of the experimental group at 8 weeks were fewer than that of the control group. New bone tissue of the experimental group was denser. The contact area between implant surface and new bone was wider in experimental group than in the control group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>PTH (1-34) and CHA can promote bone regeneration of peri-implant bone defects, shorten the implants and bone healing cycle and improve the implants osseointegration.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Density , Bone Regeneration , Physiology , Ceramics , Pharmacology , Dental Implants , Dogs , Hydroxyapatites , Pharmacology , Injections, Subcutaneous , Osseointegration , Physiology , Parathyroid Hormone , Pharmacology , Random Allocation
19.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 1359-1363, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357867

ABSTRACT

Implant surface modified coating can improve its osteoinductivity, about which simple calcium phosphate coating has been extensively studied. But it has slow osteointegration speed and poor antibacterial property, while other metal ions added, such as nano zinc ion, can compensate for these deficiencies. This paper describes the incorporation form, the effect on physical and chemical properties of the material and the antibacterial property of nano zinc, and summarizes the material's biological property given by calcium ion, zinc ion and inorganic phosphate (Pi), mainly focusing on the influence of these three inorganic ions on osteoblast proliferation, differentiation, protein synthesis and matrix mineralization in order to present the positive function of zinc doped calcium phosphate in the field of bone formation.


Subject(s)
Biocompatible Materials , Calcium , Calcium Phosphates , Chemistry , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Ions , Metal Nanoparticles , Chemistry , Osteoblasts , Cell Biology , Osteogenesis , Phosphates , Chemistry , Zinc , Chemistry
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454161

ABSTRACT

Ionimplantationtechniqueisamethodthatprocessingthematerialsurfacesinordertochangetheirsurfacechemical,physical and mechanical properties in vacuum environment.Titanium and titanium alloys modified by different types of ions can change their surface properties and characteristics,thereby improving the osseointegration and antibacterial properties of titanium implant.This review summarizes the researches of titanium implant surface modified by different ions implanting.

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