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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 5-9, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003497

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the pathogenic variants of the SCO2(OMIM 604272)gene in patients with high myopia from Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture of China.METHODS: A total of 384 patients with high myopia whose spherical refractive error was ≤ -6.00 D and whose axial length was ≥26.00 mm in at least one eye were recruited. DNA was extracted by the phenol-chloroform method from 5 mL of peripheral venous blood. Sanger sequencing was performed to identify pathogenic variants in exon 2 of SCO2. The detected variants were evaluated via in silico prediction software. A total of 288 people from the same district were included as the normal control cohort.RESULTS: Seven variants were detected, namely, four synonymous variants(c.201C>T/p.=, c.576C>T/p.=, c.633A>C/p.=, c.780T>C/p.=.), two missense variants(c.187A>G/p.Ile63Val, c.59G>C/p.Arg20Pro)and one nonsense variant(c.544C>T/p.Gln182*). The two missense variants were not damaging, as predicted by PolyPhen2, SIFT and Provean. The novel nonsense variant(c.544C>T/p.Gln182*)cannot be found in the 1000 Genomes Project and was not identified in 288 normal controls. Variant Taster suggested that the nonsense variant site was conserved.CONCLUSION: The newly identified nonsense mutation may be responsible for high myopia of the patients in our cohort. SCO2 is associated with high myopia, while the incidence of SCO2 variants in high myopia in this cohort was as low as 1/384; the nonsense mutation may be a scarce variant of high myopia in the Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture of China.

2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 807-841, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970408

ABSTRACT

This article summarizes the reviews and original research papers published in Chinese Journaol of Biotechnology in the area of biomanufacturing driven by engineered organisms in the year of 2022. The enabling technologies including DNA sequencing, DNA synthesis, and DNA editing as well as regulation of gene expression and in silico cell modeling were highlighted. This was followed by discussing the biomanufacturing of biocatalytics products, amino acids and its derivatives, organic acids, natural products, antibiotics and active peptides, functional polysaccharides, and functional proteins. Lastly, the technologies for utilizing C1 compounds and biomass as well as synthetic microbial consortia were discussed. The aim of this article was to help the readers to gain insights into this rapidly developing field from the journal point of view.


Subject(s)
Biotechnology , Microbial Consortia , DNA , Biological Products , Publications , Synthetic Biology
3.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 281-285, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990026

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) genechip analysis for the identification of pathogens in children with refractory pneumonia.Methods:A retrospective study of 500 children clinically diagnosed with refractory pneumonia in the Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Kunming Children′s Hospital, Kunming Medical University between January 2020 to January 2022 was made.During hospitalization, bronchoscopic examination and bronchoalveolar lavage were performed.BALF was collected and analyzed using genechip technology to detect potential pathogens.At the same time, bacterial culture tests of sputum and BALF samples from the patients were performed. χ2 test was used to compare the positive rates of pathogens detected by different detection methods. Results:Of the 500 children patients, 482 cases (96.4%) were positive of BALF genechip analysis for pathogen identification.There were 71 cases (14.7%) infected with a single pathogen, and 411 cases (85.3%) with 2 or more pathogens.The top 3 bacteria were Streptococcus pneumoniae [117 cases (8.3%)], Haemophilus influenzae [63 cases (4.5%)], and Bordetella pertussis [32 cases (2.3%)]. The patients were mostly infected with respiratory syncytial virus [269 cases (19.1%)], followed by parainfluenza virus [217 cases (15.4%)], and adenovirus [132 cases (9.3%)]. Among the 500 patients, 116 cases (23.2%) were positive of BALF genechip analysis for bacteria identification, 47 cases (9.4%) had a positive BALF culture, 43 cases (8.6%) had a positive sputum culture.The bacterial detection rate of BALF genechip analysis was statistically significantly higher than that of BALF culture and sputum culture tests ( χ2=34.90, 39.85; all P<0.001). Conclusions:Most patients with refractory pneumonia have mixed infections.The genechip technology can rapidly and efficiently identify the pathogens, thus providing clinical guidance for anti-infection treatment.

4.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 396-400, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986805

ABSTRACT

Esophageal carcinoma is one of the most common malignant tumors in the world, with incidence and mortality rankings of 7th and 6th, respectively. In recent years, immunotherapy represented by immune checkpoint inhibitors of programmed death-1 and programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) has been introduced into clinical practice and has changed the treatment status of esophageal cancer. Although immunotherapy has provided long-term survival benefits for patients with advanced esophageal cancer and high pathological response rates in the neoadjuvant therapy, only a few of the patients have satisfactory therapeutic outcomes. Therefore, effective biomarkers for predicting immunotherapeutic effects are urgently needed to identify those patients who could benefit from immunotherapy. In this paper, we mainly discuss recent research advances of biomarkers related to the immunotherapy of esophageal cancer and the clinical application prospects of these biomarkers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers , Esophageal Neoplasms/therapy , Immunotherapy , B7-H1 Antigen , Biomarkers, Tumor
5.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 334-338, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986795

ABSTRACT

Recent advances in multimodality treatment offer excellent opportunities to rethink the paradigm of perioperative management for locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. One treatment clearly doesn't fit all in terms of a broad disease spectrum. Individualized treatment of local control of bulky primary tumor burden (advanced T stage) or systemic control of nodal metastatic tumor burden (advanced N stage) is essential. Given that clinically applicable predictive biomarkers are still awaited, therapy selection guided by diverse phenotypes of tumor burden (T vs. N) is promising. Potential challenges regarding the use of immunotherapy may also boost this novel strategy in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/surgery , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Esophageal Neoplasms/pathology , Combined Modality Therapy , Immunotherapy
6.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 307-311, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986790

ABSTRACT

Esophageal cancer is a malignant tumor with a high incidence in China. At pesent, advanced esophageal cancer patients are still frequently encountered. The primary treatment for resectable advanced esophageal cancer is surgery-based multimodality therapy, including preoperative neoadjuvant therapy, such as chemotherapy, chemoradiotherapy or chemotherapy plus immunotherapy, followed by radical esophagectomy with thoraco-abdominal two-field or cervico-thoraco-abdominal three-field lymphadenectomy via minimally invasive approach or thoracotomy. In addition, adjuvant chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or chemoradiotherapy, or immunotherapy may also be administered if suggested by postoperative pathological results. Although the treatment outcome of esophageal cancer has improved significantly in China, many clinical issues remain controversial. In this article, we summarize the current hotspots and important issues of esophageal cancer in China, including prevention and early diagnosis, treatment selection for early esophageal cancer, surgical approach selection, lymphadenectomy method, preoperative neoadjuvant therapy, postoperative adjuvant therapy, and nutritional support treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Combined Modality Therapy , Neoadjuvant Therapy/methods , Chemoradiotherapy , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Esophagectomy/methods
7.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1234-1237, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985596

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore injury related mortality among children aged 0-14 years in Hunan, to provide reliable data support for injury prevention among children aged 0-14 years in the region.@*Methods@#A descriptive analysis on child mortality data from 2014 to 2021 of injuries collected from 28 death surveillance spots in Hunan was conducted.@*Results@#The mortality rate of injures among children aged 0-14 years in Hunan decreased from 20.19/100 000 (adjusted mortality: 25.32/100 000) in 2014 to 11.05/100 000 (adjusted mortality: 13.71/100 000) in 2021 (APC=-9.4%, P <0.05), and the annual average mortality rate was 14.86/100 000, there were 17.29/100 000 boys and 11.96/100 000 girls, with statistically significant gender differences ( χ 2= 27 835.54 , P <0.05). The average mortality rate of drowning among different causes of injury and death was 5.98/100 000, followed by the average mortality rate of road traffic accidents of 3.38/100 000.@*Conclusion@#There is a downward trend of deaths due to injures for children aged 0-14 years in Hunan during 2014-2021, with an obvious gender difference. Drowning and traffic accidents are the main cause of injury related deaths for children aged 0-14 years. Steady monitoring of children injury is vital for children injury prevention. Children safety and health education, and related effective policies and legal provisions should be developed and enhanced.

8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2455-2463, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981321

ABSTRACT

This study explored toxicity attenuation processing technology of Rhizoma Dioscoreae Bulbiferae stir-fried with Paeoniae Radix Alba decoction for the first time, and further explored its detoxification mechanism. Nine processed products of Rhizoma Dioscoreae Bulbiferae stir-fried with Paeoniae Radix Alba decoction were prepared by orthogonal experiment with three factors and three levels. Based on the decrease in the content of the main hepatotoxic component diosbulbin B before and after processing of Rhizoma Dioscoreae Bulbiferae by high-performance liquid chromatography, the toxicity attenuation technology was preliminarily screened out. On this basis, the raw and representative processed products of Rhizoma Dioscoreae Bulbiferae were given to mice by gavage with 2 g·kg~(-1)(equival to clinical equivalent dose) for 21 d. The serum and liver tissues were collected after the last administration for 24 h. The serum biochemical indexes reflecting liver function and liver histopathology were combined to further screen out and verify the proces-sing technology. Then, the lipid peroxidation and antioxidant indexes of liver tissue were detected by kit method, and the expressions of NADPH quinone oxidoreductase 1(NQO1) and glutamate-cysteine ligase(GCLM) in mice liver were detected by Western blot to further explore detoxification mechanism. The results showed that the processed products of Rhizoma Dioscoreae Bulbiferae stir-fried with Paeoniae Radix Alba decoction reduced the content of diosbulbin B and improved the liver injury induced by Rhizoma Dioscoreae Bul-biferae to varying degrees, and the processing technology of A_2B_2C_3 reduced the excessive levels of alanine transaminase(ALT) and aspartate transaminase(AST) induced by raw Rhizoma Dioscoreae Bulbiferae by 50.2% and 42.4%, respectively(P<0.01, P<0.01). The processed products of Rhizoma Dioscoreae Bulbiferae stir-fried with Paeoniae Radix Alba decoction reversed the decrease protein expression levels of NQO1 and GCLM in the liver of mice induced by raw Rhizoma Dioscoreae Bulbiferae to varying degrees(P<0.05 or P<0.01), and it also reversed the increasing level of malondialdehyde(MDA) and the decreasing levels of glutathione(GSH), glutathione peroxidase(GPX), and glutathione S-transferase(GST) in the liver of mice(P<0.05 or P<0.01). In summary, this study shows that the optimal toxicity attenuation processing technology of Rhizoma Dioscoreae Bulbiferae stir-fried with Paeoniae Radix Alba decoction is A_2B_2C_3, that is, 10% of Paeoniae Radix Alba decoction is used for moistening Rhizoma Dioscoreae Bulbiferae and processed at 130 ℃ for 11 min. The detoxification mechanism involves enhancing the expression levels of NQO1 and GCLM antio-xidant proteins and related antioxidant enzymes in the liver.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Antioxidants/analysis , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Rhizome/chemistry , Paeonia/chemistry , Glutathione/analysis
9.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 38-42, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970816

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical efficacy of targeted sealing with high viscosity bone cement and secondary injection of low viscosity bone cement in the treatment of OVCFs patients with the fracture lines involved vertebral body margin.@*METHODS@#The elderly patients who underwent vertebroplasty for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures from January 2019 to September 2021 were selected as the screening objects. Through relevant standards and further CT examination, 56 patients with fracture lines involving the anterior wall or upper and lower endplates of the vertebral body were selected for the study. There were 21 males and 35 females, aged from 67 to 89 years old with an average of (76.58±9.68) years. All 56 patients underwent secondary injection of bone cement during operation. Only a small amount of high viscosity cement was targeted to seal the edge of the vertebral body for the first time, and low viscosity cement was injected to the vertebral bodies during second bolus with well-distributed. The operation time, bone cement volume and bone cement leakage were recorded, and the pain relief was evaluated by visual analogue scale (VAS).@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for more than 3 months and the surgeries were successfully complete. The operation time was (50.41±10.30) min and the bone cement volume was (3.64±1.29) ml. The preoperative VAS was (7.21±2.41) points, which decreased significantly to (2.81±0.97) points 3 days after operation(P<0.05). Among the 56 patients, 2 cases(3.57%) had bone cement leakage, 1 case leaked to the paravertebral vein, and 1 case slightly bulged to the paravertebral through the crack when plugging the vertebral crack. Both patients had no obvious clinical symptoms.@*CONCLUSION@#In vertebroplasty surgery, targeted sealing of high viscosity bone cement and secondary injection of low viscosity bone cement can reduce intraoperative bone cement leakage and improve the safety of operation.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Cements/therapeutic use , Fractures, Compression/etiology , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Viscosity , Osteoporotic Fractures/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Vertebroplasty/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome
10.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 291-297, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984722

ABSTRACT

In recent years, immunotherapy represented by immune checkpoint inhibitors programmed death 1 (PD-1) has made great progress in the treatment of esophageal cancer and is rewriting the global paradigm for the treatment of esophageal cancer. According to current data, only a small number of patients with esophageal cancer could benefit from immunotherapy. Therefore, it is a challenge to screen the potential beneficiaries of PD-1 inhibitors. Studies have shown that the expression level of programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) in esophageal cancer is closely associated with the efficacy of PD-1 inhibitors, and PD-L1 is the most important predictive biomarker of the efficacy of PD-1 inhibitors. With the clinical application of different PD-1 inhibitors and PD-L1 protein expression detection platforms, clarifying the clinical significance and timing of detection of PD-L1 protein expression in esophageal cancer, and establishing a standardized PD-L1 testing procedure, are of great significance to improve the accuracy of detection and reduce the difference between laboratories, so as to maximize the therapeutic benefits for patients. This consensus was finally reached, based on the combination of literature, expert experience, and internal discussion and voting of committee members, to provide an accurate and reliable evidence for clinicians to make decisions.


Subject(s)
Humans , B7-H1 Antigen/metabolism , Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Consensus , Esophageal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Immunotherapy/methods , Lung Neoplasms/pathology
11.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 141-149, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920814

ABSTRACT

@#Resection is one of the most important treatments for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, and routine postoperative follow-up is an effective method for early detection and treatment of recurrent metastases, which can improve patients' quality of life and prognosis. This consensus aims to provide a reference for colleagues responsible for postoperative follow-up of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma patients in China, and further improve the standardization of the diagnosis and treatment of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.

12.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 122-127, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935589

ABSTRACT

The oligometastatic and oligoprogressive state has been a hot issue in cancer research. Its indolent tumor behavior, representing a novel therapeutic opportunity, has been identified as a clinical subtype in several malignancies. However, the clinical implications of the oligometastatic and oligoprogressive state in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) have not been thoroughly elucidated. There are still controversies regarding the existence of the oligometastatic state in ESCC, if the solitary regional lymph node metastasis should be viewed as oligoprogressive disease after esophagectomy, and the role of surgery and radiotherapy in ESCC oligometastatic disease. Despite many exciting contributions to the literature on these, further exploration is warranted. Thus, fostering the advance of research and scientific knowledge on the biological and prognostic characteristics scrupulously would facilitate personalizing treatment strategy for better outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma , Esophagectomy , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
13.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1647-1652, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929706

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of pharmaceutical interventio n led by clinical pharmacists on medication appropriateness of elderly inpatients. METHODS A non-randomized concurrent controlled trial was carried out. Elderly patients admitted to two treatment groups in the geriatric department of Yancheng First People ’s Hospital since June 2021 were selected as the research objects. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria ,the first 40 patients were selected from each of the two treatment groups (according to the order of admission time )and set as the control group or the intervention group. The control group received routine treatment and nursing services ,and the intervention group additionally received pharmaceutical intervention led by clinical pharmacists on the basis control group. Clinical pharmacists found potential inappropriate medication (PIM)and put forward suggestions on optimization of medication regimen. American Geriatrics Society 2019 Updated AGS Beers Criteria ® for PIM Use in Older Adults (hereinafter referred to as “Beers criteria ”)and the Criteria of PIMs for Older Adults in China 2017 Edition (hereinafter referred to as “Chinese criteria ”)were used as reference tools for drug use review. The medication appropriateness index (MAI)total scores (main evaluation indicator ),the number of PIMs ,the number of drugs used ,the length of hospital stay ,the number of drug-related adverse events during hospital stay ,the number of drug regimen optimization suggestions by pharmacists , and implementation rate of E-mail:zhihuadou@163.com optimization suggestions adopted by clinicians were compared between 2 groups at admission and at discharge. RESULTS At admission ,there were no statistically differences in MAI total scores,the number of PIMs based on Beers criteria ,the number of PIMs based on Chinese criteria or the number of drugs used between 2 groups(P>0.05). At discharge ,there were no statistically differences in the number of PIMs based on Chinese criteria and the length of hospital stay between 2 groups(P>0.05),but the MAI total scores ,the number of PIMs based on Beers criteria and the number of drugs used in the intervention group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). In the intervention group,the proportion of drugs recorded as “inappropriate medication ”at admission (34.5%)was significantly higher than that at discharge(19.5%)(P<0.05). The difference between the number of drugs discharged from hospital and the number of drugs admitted to hospital in the control group [ 3(1-4.8)] was significantly higher than that in the intervention group [ 1(0-2.8)](P= 0.012). Compared with admission ,the proportion of drugs recorded as “inappropriate medication ”in the intervention group at discharge was significantly decreased on the basis of “effectiveness”dimension and “course”dimension (P<0.05). During hospitalization,clinical pharmacists put forward 70 optimization suggestions of drug regimen for the intervention group ,among which 39 suggestions were adopted and implemented by clinicians ,with an implementation rate of 55.7%. CONCLUSIONS The pharmaceutical intervention led by clinical pharmacists can improve overall appropriateness of drug use in the elderly inpatients using MAI as main evaluation indicator.

14.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 164-170, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929048

ABSTRACT

Ovarian cancer is the third-most-common malignant reproductive tumor in women. According to the American Cancer Society, it has the highest mortality rate of gynecological tumors. The five-year survival rate was only 29% during the period from 1975 to 2008 (Reid et al., 2017). In recent decades, the five-year survival rate of ovarian cancer has remained around 30% despite continuous improvements in surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and other therapeutic methods. However, because of the particularity of the volume and location of ovarian tissue, the early symptoms of ovarian cancer are hidden, and there is a lack of highly sensitive and specific screening methods. Most patients have advanced metastasis, including abdominal metastasis, when they are diagnosed (Reid et al., 2017). Therefore, exploring the mechanism of ovarian cancer metastasis and finding early preventive measures are key to improving the survival rate and reducing mortality caused by ovarian cancer.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , B7-H1 Antigen/biosynthesis , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Chemokines/biosynthesis , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Survival Rate , Up-Regulation
15.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 115-116, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923770

ABSTRACT

China was certificated malaria-free by WHO in 2021 and has continued to maintain malaria elimination. However, there are still huge challenges in malaria control in the border regions between Yunnan Province, China and Myanmar due to lack of geographic barriers and frequent cross-border travel. Hereby, we review the direction contributions of the Global Fund Malaria Program implemented by Health Poverty Action (HPA), an international non-governmental organization (NGO), to malaria elimination in China, and analyze the challenges of malaria control caused by external environmental factors, such as COVID-19, in regions where the Global Fund Malaria Program is implemented. In addition, some suggestions are proposed for cross-border collaboration on malaria control.

16.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 556-559, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957492

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of dexmedetomidine pretreatment on the autophagy of hippocampal neurons in the developing rats under sevoflurane anesthesia.Methods:Thirty-six clean-grade healthy Sprague-Dawley rats of either sex, aged 7 days, weighing 12-15 g, were divided into 3 groups ( n=12 each) using a random number table method: control group (group C), sevoflurane group (group S), and sevoflurane plus dexmedetomidine group (group S+ D). On 7-9 days after birth, and the animals were exposed to 3% sevoflurane (oxygen concentration inhaled 29%, oxygen flow 2 L/min, 2 h/day) after intraperitoneal injection of 25 μg/kg dexmedetomidine every day in group S+ D, the animals were exposed to sevoflurane after intraperitoneal injection of the equal volume of normal saline in group S, and the animals were exposed to gas mixture after intraperitoneal injection of the equal volume of normal saline in group C. The Morris water maze test was carried out at 20 days after birth, and the place navigation test and spatial probe test were performed.After the end of Morris water maze test, the anesthetized rats were sacrificed, and the hippocampus was obtained for determination of the expression of microtubule-associated protein light chain 3(LC3), BECN1 and P62 by Western blot. Results:Compared with group C, the escape latency was significantly prolonged, the frequency of crossing the original platform was decreased, the expression of LC3 and BECN1 was up-regulated, and the expression of P62 was down-regulated in group S and group S+ D ( P<0.05). Compared with group S, the escape latency was significantly shortened, the frequency of crossing the original platform was increased, the expression of LC3 and BECN1 was down-regulated, and the expression of P62 was up-regulated in group S+ D ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The mechanism by which dexmedetomidine pretreatment improves sevoflurane-induced cognitive dysfunction is related to reduction of excessive autophagy in hippocampal neurons of developing rats.

17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 668-675, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927949

ABSTRACT

This study aims to investigate the detoxification effects of different processing methods on the cardiotoxicity induced by radix Tripterygium wilfordii, and preliminarily explore the detoxification mechanism via the nuclear factor E2-related factor 2(Nrf2)/heme oxygenase 1(HO-1) pathway. The raw and processed products [stir-fried product, product stir-fried with Lysimachiae Herba(JQC), product stir-fried with Phaseoli Radiati Semen(LD), product stir-fried with Paeoniae Radix Alba(BS), product stir-fried with Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma(GC), and product stir-fried with vinegar(CZ)] of radix T. wilfordii were administrated to mice by gavage at a dose of 2 g·kg~(-1)(based on crude drugs) for 28 days. Twenty-four hours after the last administration, we measured the serum biochemical indexes of mice to evaluate the detoxification effect. Furthermore, we determined the expression of key proteins of Nrf2/HO-1 pathway in mouse heart tissue by Western blot and some oxidation/antioxidation-related indexes by corresponding kits to explore the detoxification mechanism. The administration of the raw product elevated the levels of serum creatine kinase, lactate dehydrogenase, and malondialdehyde, a product of cardiac lipid peroxidation(P<0.01), down-regulated the protein levels of Nrf2 and HO-1(P<0.01), and reduced the levels of total superoxide dismutase, glutathione, glutathione peroxidase, and glutathione S-transferase(P<0.01). However, after the administration of the products stir-fried with JQC, LD, BS, GC, and CZ, the abnormalities of the above indexes induced by the raw product were recovered(P<0.05 or P<0.01). In particular, the product stir-fried with JQC showed the best performance. Taken all together, the cardiotoxicity induced by radix T. wilfordii could be attenuated by stir-frying with JQC, LD, BS, GC, and CZ, and the stir-frying with JQC showed the best detoxification effect. The mechanism might be associated with the cardiac antioxidant defense and oxidative damage mitigation mediated by the up-regulated Nrf2.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Cardiotoxicity , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/metabolism , Oxidative Stress , Tripterygium
18.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1267-1294, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927780

ABSTRACT

This article summarized the reviews and research articles published in Chinese Journal of Biotechnology in the field of biomanufacturing in 2021. The article covered major chassis cells such as Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis, Corynebacterium glutamicum, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, filamentous fungi, non-model bacteria and non-conventional yeasts. Moreover, this article summarized the advances in the production of amino acids, organic acids, vitamins, higher alcohols, natural compounds (terpenoids, flavonoids, alkaloids), antibiotics, enzymes and enzyme-catalyzed products, biopolymers, as well as the utilization of biomass and one-carbon materials. The key technologies used in the construction of cell factories, such as regulation, evolution, and high-throughput screening, were also included. This article may help the readers better understand the R & D trend in biomanufacturing driven by engineered microbes.


Subject(s)
Biomass , Biotechnology , Corynebacterium glutamicum/metabolism , Escherichia coli/metabolism , Metabolic Engineering , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genetics
19.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 631-634, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939640

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the clinical application effect of "kindergarten effect" in radiotherapy for children with tumor based on the psychology of preschool children aged 3-5 years.@*METHODS@#A total of 30 children, aged 3-5 years, who were admitted to the Department of Radiotherapy, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, from January 2020 to August 2021 were enrolled in this prospective study. The children were randomly divided into a control group and a test group, with 15 children in each group. The children in the test group were treated in "kindergarten mode", i.e., all children were treated together at a specified time and left together after all children completed treatment. Those in the control group were treated alternately with adult patients according to the treatment time based on the type of radiotherapy fixation device. The treatment compliance was evaluated for both groups, and the two groups were compared in terms of the setup errors in the superior-inferior (SI), left-right (LR), and anterior-posterior (AP) directions.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the test group showed a significantly shorter time for finishing the treatment (P<0.05) and a significantly lower proportion of children with treatment interruption (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the test group showed smaller mean errors in the SI, LR and AP directions after image-guided radiotherapy, with significant differences in the mean errors in the SI and LR directions (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#With the application of the "kindergarten effect", most children can actively cooperate in radiotherapy, and it can also improve the accuracy and repeatability of positioning and help to achieve the desired treatment outcome.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Prospective Studies , Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted
20.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 499-503, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912913

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation rate, mutation characteristics and distribution characteristics of different mutation types in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in Fuyang of Yunnan province, to provide the clinical individualized targeted therapy of NSCLC in this region.Methods:A total of 328 NSCLC patients whose native place were Fuyuan and who underwent EGFR test in Fuyuan County People's Hospital in Yunnan Province from January 2018 to August 2020 were selected, and their clinical data such as gender, age, ethnicity, pathological type and the results of EGFR test were collected for statistical analysis.Results:The EGFR mutation rate of NSCLC patients was 40.55% (133/328). The EGFR mutation rate of female patients was higher than that of males ( P < 0.01). The EGFR mutation rate showed a downward trend with age, the EGFR mutation rate of patients ≤ 60 years old was higher than that of patients > 60 years old ( P = 0.014). The EGFR mutation rate in ethnic minority was not statistically different from Han nationality ( P = 0.789). The EGFR mutation rate of patients without smoking history was higher than that of patients with smoking history ( P<0.01). Patients with adenocarcinoma had a higher EGFR mutation rate than squamous cell carcinoma ( P = 0.002). The EGFR mutation rate in patients with stage Ⅰ-Ⅱwere higher than that in patents with stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ ( P = 0.013). The EGFR mutation rate in tissue samples were higher than that in peripheral blood samples ( P = 0.009). In 328 patients the EGFR single-point mutation rate was 24.70% (81/328), and the compound mutation rate was 15.85% (52/328); the common mutation rate was 17.07% (56/328), and the rare mutation rate was 23.48% (77/328). The top 5 mutation types were L858R (10.06%), G719X+S768I (7.32%), 19-Del (7.01%), G719X+L861Q (6.40%), and G719X (4.21%). In 133 patients with EGFR mutation, the proportion of patients with rare mutation [57.89% (77/133)] was higher than the proportion of patients with common mutation [42.11% (56/133)]. Conclusion:The EGFR mutation rates of female, adenocarcinoma, non-smoking and young NSCLC patients in Fuyuan area are high, and the rare mutation rate is high.

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