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1.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 410-415, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879868

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of human oligodendrocyte precursor cell (hOPC) transplantation in the treatment of white matter injury (WMI).@*METHODS@#Neonatal rats were randomly divided into a sham-operation group, a model group, and a transplantation group (@*RESULTS@#The place navigation test using the Morris water maze showed that the model group had a significantly longer escape latency than the sham-operation group, and compared with the model group, the transplantation group had a significant reduction in escape latency (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Intrathecal hOPC transplantation may alleviate neurological injury and promote remyelination in a rat model of WMI.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Rats , Animals, Newborn , Myelin Sheath , Oligodendrocyte Precursor Cells , Oligodendroglia , White Matter
2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1460-1466, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879051

ABSTRACT

This project aimed to explore the protective effect of ginsenoside Rg_1 on hypoxia/reoxygenation(H/R)-induced H9 c2 cardiomyocyte injury and its underlying signaling pathway. The H/R model of H9 c2 cardiomyocytes was established and then the cells were divided into different treatment groups. CCK-8(cell counting kit-8) was used to detect the activity of cardiomyocytes; Brdu assay was used to detect the proliferation of H9 c2 cells; the caspase-3 activity was tested, and then the protein expression was assessed by Western blot. Flow cytometry was used to evaluate the apoptosis level of cardiomyocytes. Ginsenoside Rg_1 inhibited H/R-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis and caspase-3 activity, promoted nuclear transcription of nuclear factor erythroid-2 related factor 2(Nrf2), and enhanced the expression of the downstream heme oxygenase-1(HO-1). Ginsenoside Rg_1 could increase Nrf2 nuclear transcription and HO-1 expression with the increase of concentration(10, 20, 40, 60 μmol·L~(-1)). However, the protective effect of ginsenoside Rg_1 on cardiomyocytes was significantly weakened after the transfection of Nrf2-siRNA. Ginsenoside Rg_1 could protect cardiomyocytes by activating the Nrf2/HO-1 pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Ginsenosides/pharmacology , Heme Oxygenase-1/genetics , Hypoxia , Myocytes, Cardiac , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/genetics
3.
Chinese Journal of Disease Control & Prevention ; (12): 341-347, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873509

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To investigate the expression of long non-coding RNA SFTA1P in non small cell lung cancer ( NSCLC) and its biological function in NSCLC cell lines. Methods Quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction( qRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression of SFTA1P in 18 pairs of NSCLC tissues and adjacent normal tissues. The expression of SFTA1P was detected by qRT-PCR in five different NSCLC cell lines ( A549,SPCA1,H460,H1975 and H1299) and one normal lung epithelial cell line ( HBE) . The overexpression vector of SFTA1P was designed and constructed. The overex- pressed cell line was constructed by transfection,the effects of overexpression of SFTA1P on proliferation, invasion and migration of NSCLC cells were detected by CCK-8 assay and transwell assay. Results The expression of SFTA1P in NSCLC tissues was lower than that of adjacent normal tissues ( t = 2. 158,P = 0. 043) . SFTA1P expression was detected in 5 strains of NSCLC cell lines and normal lung epithelial cell line. The expression of SFTA1P was the lowest in A549 and H460 cell lines ( t = 5. 769,P = 0. 004; t = 5. 772,P= 0. 004) ,and the highest in H1299 and H1975 cell lines ( t = 22. 248,P<0. 001; t = 11. 814,P <0. 001) . SFTA1P overexpression cell models were successfully constructed using A549 and H460 cell lines( all P<0.05) . The overexpression of SFTA1P could inhibit proliferation,invasion and migration of H460 and A549 cells ( ( all P < 0. 05) . Conclusions SFTA1P can affect the biological functions of NSCLC cells by inhibiting the proliferation,migration and invasion. SFTA1P may play a role as a tumor suppressor gene in tumorigenesis and development.

4.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 698-704, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797635

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To retrospectively analyze the distribution of non-fermentative bacteria causing bloodstream infection in hospitalized patients in Sichuan Province and their drug susceptibility to common antibiotics for better understanding their epidemiological characteristics.@*Methods@#From January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2017, all of the non-fermentative bacteria isolated from patients with bloodstream infection in nine hospitals in Sichuan Province were collected. Species distribution and drug resistance test results were retrospectively analyzed.@*Results@#A total of 6 291 strains of pathogenic bacteria were isolated, including 3 674 strains of gram-negative bacteria (58.4%) and 2 617 strains of gram-positive bacteria (41.6%). The gram-positive bacteria were 1 895 strains of Staphylococcus (30.1%), 372 strains of Streptococcus (5.9%), 317 strains of Enterococcus (5.1%) and 33 strains of other gram-positive bacteria (0.5%). The gram-negative bacteria were 3 191 Enterobacteriaceae strains (50.7%), 389 non-fermentative strains (6.2%) and 94 other gram-negative strains (1.5%). The isolated non-fermentative bacteria were mainly Pseudomonas aeruginosa (136 strains, 35.0%), Acinetobacter baumannii (126 strains, 32.0%) and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (33 strains, 8.5%). There were 167 (42.9%), 112 (28.8%) and 82 (21.1%) non-fermentative bacteria isolated in internal medicine departments, ICUs and surgery departments, respectively. The drug resistance rates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to cefepime, ciprofloxacin and gentamicin were 16.5%, 10.7% and 9.9%, respectively. Carbapenems-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (CR-PA) accounted for 13.6%. No polymyxin-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa was found. The resistance rates of Acinetobacter baumannii to all antibiotics were over 30% except for minocycline and polymyxin and 75.7% of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CR-AB) were isolated. The drug resistance rates to levofloxacin, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole and ceftazidime were 0%, 0% and 37.0% in Stenotrophomonas maltophilia isolates and 10.5%, 4.2% and 19% in Burkholderia cepacia isolates, respectively.@*Conclusions@#Non-fermentative bacteria causing 6.2% of bloodstream infection in Sichuan, mainly by Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii. There were significant differences in the isolation rate of non-fermentative bacteria in different departments and most of the strains were isolated in internal medicine departments. The detection rate of Acinetobacter baumannii with multiple drug resistance was high, while other non-fermentative bacteria had good sensitivity to antibiotics.

5.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 698-704, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792024

ABSTRACT

Objective To retrospectively analyze the distribution of non-fermentative bacteria cau-sing bloodstream infection in hospitalized patients in Sichuan Province and their drug susceptibility to com-mon antibiotics for better understanding their epidemiological characteristics. Methods From January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2017, all of the non-fermentative bacteria isolated from patients with bloodstream in-fection in nine hospitals in Sichuan Province were collected. Species distribution and drug resistance test re-sults were retrospectively analyzed. Results A total of 6291 strains of pathogenic bacteria were isolated, including 3674 strains of gram-negative bacteria ( 58. 4%) and 2617 strains of gram-positive bacteria (41. 6%). The gram-positive bacteria were 1895 strains of Staphylococcus (30. 1%), 372 strains of Strep-tococcus (5. 9%), 317 strains of Enterococcus (5. 1%) and 33 strains of other gram-positive bacteria (0. 5%). The gram-negative bacteria were 3191 Enterobacteriaceae strains (50. 7%), 389 non-fermenta-tive strains (6. 2%) and 94 other gram-negative strains (1. 5%). The isolated non-fermentative bacteria were mainly Pseudomonas aeruginosa ( 136 strains, 35. 0%), Acinetobacter baumannii ( 126 strains, 32. 0%) and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia ( 33 strains, 8. 5%). There were 167 ( 42. 9%), 112 (28. 8%) and 82 (21. 1%) non-fermentative bacteria isolated in internal medicine departments, ICUs and surgery departments, respectively. The drug resistance rates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to cefepime, cipro-floxacin and gentamicin were 16. 5%, 10. 7% and 9. 9%, respectively. Carbapenems-resistant Pseudo-monas aeruginosa ( CR-PA) accounted for 13. 6%. No polymyxin-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa was found. The resistance rates of Acinetobacter baumannii to all antibiotics were over 30% except for minocy-cline and polymyxin and 75. 7% of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii ( CR-AB) were isolated. The drug resistance rates to levofloxacin, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole and ceftazidime were 0%, 0% and 37. 0% in Stenotrophomonas maltophilia isolates and 10. 5%, 4. 2% and 19% in Burkholderia cepacia iso-lates, respectively. Conclusions Non-fermentative bacteria causing 6. 2% of bloodstream infection in Si-chuan, mainly by Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii. There were significant differences in the isolation rate of non-fermentative bacteria in different departments and most of the strains were isolated in internal medicine departments. The detection rate of Acinetobacter baumannii with multiple drug resistance was high, while other non-fermentative bacteria had good sensitivity to antibiotics.

6.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 52-56, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809803

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To verify the safety and efficacy of IONTRIS particle therapy system (IONTRIS) in clinical implementation.@*Methods@#Between 6.2014 and 8.2014, a total of 35 patients were enrolled into this trial: 31 males and 4 females with a median age of 69 yrs (range 39-80). Ten patients had locally recurrent head and neck tumors after surgery, 4 cases with thoracic malignancies, 1 case with hepatocellular carcinoma, 1 case with retroperitoneal sarcoma, and 19 cases with non-metastatic prostate carcinomas. Phantom dose verification was mandatory for each field before the start of radiation.@*Results@#Twenty-two patients received carbon ion and 13 had proton irradiation. With a median follow-up time of 1 year, all patients were alive. Among the 16 patients with head and neck, thoracic, and abdominal/pelvic tumors, 2, 1, 12, and 1 cases developed complete response, partial response, stable disease, or disease progression, respectively. Progression-free survival rate was 93.8% (15/16). Among the 19 patients with prostate cancer, biological-recurrence free survival was 100%. Particle therapy was well tolerated in all 35 patients. Twenty-five patients (71.4%) experienced 33 grade 1 acute adverse effects, which subsided at 1 year follow-up. Six (17.1%) patients developed grade 1 late adverse effects. No significant change in ECOG or body weight was observed.@*Conclusions@#IONTRIS is safe and effective for clinical use. However, long term follow-up is needed to observe the late toxicity and long term result.

7.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 387-397, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737215

ABSTRACT

Firstly discovered in 1980s,human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) continues to affect more and more people.However,there is no effective drug available for the therapy of HIV infection.Betulinic acid existing in various medicinal herbs and fruits exhibits multiple biological effects,especially its outstanding anti-HIV activity,which has drawn the attentions of many pharmacists.Among the derivatives of betulinic acid,some compounds exhibited inhibitory activities at the nanomolar concentration,and have entered phase Ⅱ clinical trials.This paper summarizes the current investigations on the anti-HIV activity of betulinic acid analogues,and provides valuable data for subsequent researches.

8.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 387-397, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735747

ABSTRACT

Firstly discovered in 1980s,human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) continues to affect more and more people.However,there is no effective drug available for the therapy of HIV infection.Betulinic acid existing in various medicinal herbs and fruits exhibits multiple biological effects,especially its outstanding anti-HIV activity,which has drawn the attentions of many pharmacists.Among the derivatives of betulinic acid,some compounds exhibited inhibitory activities at the nanomolar concentration,and have entered phase Ⅱ clinical trials.This paper summarizes the current investigations on the anti-HIV activity of betulinic acid analogues,and provides valuable data for subsequent researches.

9.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 1319-1324, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698539

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) can establish a favorable repair microenvironment by secreting abundant cytokines, which allows ADSCs to be a good source of seed cells for the treatment of ischemic diseases. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the changes of cytokines secreted by human ADSCs at passages 2-10. METHODS: After isolation and culture of ADSCs from human adipose tissue, the morphological features of cells were observed under inverted microscope. Human ADSCs were identified by the immunophenotypes and differentiation capability. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: ADSCs were fusiform or polygonal in shape, with buging cell body, homogenized cytoplasm and clear nuclei, and could differentiate into adipocytes, osteocytes and chondroblasts in vitro. ADSCs at passage 3 were positive for CD29 (99.21%), CD73 (99.65%) and CD90 (99.92%), but negative for hematopoietic marker CD34 (2.25%). ELISA results showed that ADSCs at passage 5 had the highest secretion levels of vascular endothelial growth factor and hepatocyte growth factor, while ADSCs at passage 3 had the highest secretion level of brain-derived neurotrophic factor. To conclude, ADSCs have steady biological features of stem cells and exhibit good growth and proliferation potentials. ADSCs at different passages have different capacities in the secretion of vascular endothelial growth factor, hepatocyte growth factor and brain-derived neurotrophic factor. Passage 5 ADSCs show the highest ability to secrete vascular endothelial growth factor and hepatocyte growth factor, while passage 3 ADSCs show the strongest potential to secrete brain-derived neurotrophic factor.

10.
International Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 1220-1223, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692821

ABSTRACT

Objective By exploring the relationship between the gene polymorphism of tumor related gene CD44 and the occurrence of breast cancer,the pathogenic gene or genetic predisposing gene of breast cancer was studied so as to provide theoretical basis and technical support for the screening,diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer.Methods Samples from 265 cases of breast cancer and 290 healthy female were collected. Multiple polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification and two generation sequencing were used to analyze the genetic polymorphism of 4 loci of CD44 rs11607862,rs13347,rs7116432 and rs8193.T he size and metasta-sis of 235 patients were compared.Results There was no significant difference in the expression of four sitesloci in breast cancer patients.However,in the analysis of cancer patients,the GG genotype of rs13347 lo-cus was lower than that of CC/CG type,and the lymph node metastasis rate was lower.Conclusion There is a certain correlation between the rs13347 loci of CD44 and the metastasis of breast cancer.The correlation be-tween the genetic polymorphisms of 3 loci of rs11607862,rs7116432 and rs8193 and the development of breast cancer needs more clinical samples and further research.

11.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1086-1088,1093, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792667

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the concentration of the anti-HBs of children boosted with hepatitis A and B combined vaccine for 3 dosages, and to provide the basis for the implementation of hepatitis B booster immunization. Methods In September 2009 in Yuhuan by employing the cluster sampling method, 123 children, ranging from 6 to 9 years old, who had completed the basic immunization by 0-1-6 procedure without hepatitis B vaccine boosted and without anti-HBs were selected. In the year of 2011 (after 1 year of inoculation) and 2015 (5 years after inoculation), the venous blood samples were collected to determine the concentration of anti-HBs. Results Boosted with hepatitis A and B combined vaccine for 3 times, the anti-HBs of 102 subjects was tested in the next year, of which the anti-HBs of 82 subjects was detected again in the later 5 years. The results suggested that the positive rates of antibody enhanced were 92.16% after 1 year and 78.05% after 5 years, respectively. The average concentration of anti-HBs of these 82 subjects was 2.95 mIU/mL before inoculation, 141.76 mIU/mL one year later and 72.13 mIU/mL 5 years later and there was statistically significant difference among them (P <0.05) . The difference was not statistically significant between subjects with different years of birth (P>0.05) . Moreover, the interaction was existed between the year of blood detection and year of birth (P <0.05) . Conclusion To children aged 6-9 years old whose anti-HBs were negative after the primary immunization of hepatitis B, booster immunization with 3 dosages of hepatitis A and B combined vaccine shows good immune effect against hepatitis B virus.

12.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 4722-4727, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698299

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Endothelial progenitor cells are precursor cells of mature endothelial cells,which can migrate to ischemic tissues and differentiate into mature endothelial cells,and then play an important role in vascular remodeling.Endothelial progenitor cells have wide application prospects in various ischemic diseases,but the biological characteristics and identification methods are still controversial.OBJECTIVE:To investigate the methods of isolation and culture of endothelial progenitor cells from the human adipose tissue and to identify their biological features,in order to provide a sufficient source of cells for ischemic diseases.METHODS:Stromal vascular fraction cells were isolated from the human adipose tissue by enzymatic digestion,CD31+ cells were selected using immunomagnetic beads,and then cultured in endothelial basal medium-2 supplemented with the EGM-2-MV-SingleQuots.Endothelial progenitor cells were identified through detection of morphology,cell markers and cell functions.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:(1) CD31 + cells were selected by immunomagnetic beads and then cultured and amplified in vitro,which displayed typical cobblestone-like morphology,and they maintain their proliferative ability.(2) Flow cytometry results showed that the CD31+ cells expressed CD31 (98.84%),CD34 (97.21%),VEGRR2 (64.07%),CD146 (98.42%) and CD133 (2.55%),but hardly expressed CD45 (1.1%),a hematopoietic stem cell marker.(3) The CD31 + cells were also found to incept Dil-ac-LDL and exhibit lectin binding capability.Furthermore,a lumen-like structure was formed in Matrigel,which has the ability of angiogenesis in vitro.To conclude,these results suggest that it is feasible to isolate and culture endothelial progenitor cells from the human adipose tissue by enzymatic digestion combined with immunomagnetic bead sorting.

13.
Medical Journal of Chinese People's Liberation Army ; (12): 788-792, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694043

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of autologous and allogeneic adipose derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) transplantation on rat model of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and possible mechanisms.Methods The AMI models were established with 45 male Lewis rats by ligation of left anterior descending coronary artery,and then randomly divided into 3 groups (15 each) including AMI group,allogeneic ADMSC transplantation group (Allo-ADMSC group) and autologous ADMSC transplantation group (Auto-ADMSC group).After successfully modeling,CM-Dil-labeled third-generation ADMSCs (2 × 106) were implanted into the myocardium of rats within 1 hour,and rats in AMI group were injected with equal amount of PBS.The cardiac function,immunofluorescence and Masson were identified 4 weeks after transplantation.Results Four weeks after transplantation,compared with AMI group,the left ventricular ejection fraction in Allo-ADMSC group and Auto-ADMSC group increased significantly,the left ventricular end-systolic and end-diastolic diameter decreased,the collagen deposition fraction decreased significantly (P<0.05).Compared with Allo-ADMSC group,the left ventricular ejection fraction increased in AutoADMSC group,the number of newborn capillaries increased and the myocardial collagen deposition fraction decreased (P<0.05).Conclusion Autologous ADMSC can promote vascular proliferation in the infarct area more better than allogeneic ADMSC,reduce the local collagen deposition,extenuate the degree of myocardial fibrosis,thereby to inhibit collagen remodeling,and repair damaged myocardial tissue and improve heart function.

14.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1003-1007, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297166

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the long-term effect of oligodendrocyte precursor cell (OPC) transplantation on a rat model of white matter injury (WMI) in the preterm infant.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 80 Sprague-Dawley rats aged 3 days were randomly divided into sham-operation group, model control group, 5-day ventricular/white matter transplantation group, 9-day ventricular/white matter transplantation group, 14-day ventricular/white matter transplantation group (n=10 each). All groups except the sham-operation group were treated with right common carotid artery ligation and hypoxia for 80 minutes to establish a rat model of WMI in the preterm infant. OPCs were prepared from the human fetal brain tissue (10-12 gestational weeks). At 5, 9, and 14 days after modeling, 3×10OPCs were injected into the right lateral ventricle or white matter in each transplantation group, and myelin sheath and neurological function were evaluated under an electron microscope at ages of 60 and 90 days.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Electron microscopy showed that at an age of 60 days, each transplantation group had a slight improvement in myelin sheath injury compared with the model control group; at an age of 90 days, each transplantation group had significantly thickened myelin sheath and reduced structural damage compared with the model control group, and the 14-day transplantation groups had the most significant changes. There were no significant differences in the degree of myelin sheath injury between the ventricular and white matter transplantation groups at different time points. At an age of 60 or 90 days, the transplantation groups had a significantly higher modified neurological severity score (mNSS) than the sham-operation group and a significantly lower mNSS than the model control group (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>OPC transplantation may have a long-term effect in the treatment of WMI in the preterm infant, and delayed transplantation may enhance its therapeutic effect.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Animals, Newborn , Disease Models, Animal , Myelin Sheath , Pathology , Oligodendrocyte Precursor Cells , Transplantation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , White Matter , Wounds and Injuries , Pathology
15.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2486-2488, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498057

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of different puncture positions in percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Methods Three hundred fifty-six patients who underwent PCNL were analyzed from March 2012 to October 2015. The passage caliber was 16F-20F. There were 217 cases in prone position and 139 cases in supine position. Results The successful operation in PCNL was 354 cases , while the remaining 2 cases were performed by open surgery. The primary stone clearance rate was 75.5%. The additional PCNLs were performed in 23 cases, and 63 cases of residual calculi were treated by ESWL. 11 patients were treated due to infection or bleeding by the additional PCNLs. There were 3 cases with massive hemorrhage which were treated by Interventional embolization therapy , 12 cases in postoperative fever , no renal resection , no intestinal injury, no deaths. There was no significant difference in stone clearance rate and complication rate between the two groups. Conclusion The puncture position of PCNL can be optional based on the stone size , stone location, degree of hydronephrosis ,and patient′s cardiopulmonary condition individually.

16.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 319-326, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-331066

ABSTRACT

Many studies have reported the relationship between CXCL12 G801A polymorphism and cancer risk, with conflicting results. In this study, we tried to clarify the possibility that this polymorphism may increase cancer risk by conducting an updated meta-analysis. PubMed and EMbase were searched for case-control studies regarding the association of the gene polymorphism and cancer risk. Data were extracted and odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were used to assess the strength of the association. Heterogeneity among articles and publication bias was also assessed. Significantly increased risk for cancer was found (A vs. G: OR=1.26, 95% CI=1.13-1.40, P<0.01; AA+AG vs. GG: OR=1.33, 95% CI=1.16-1.52, P<0.01). In subgroup analysis, statistically elevated cancer risk was found in both Asian and Caucasian populations (for Asian, AA+AG vs. GG: OR=1.74, 95% CI=1.22-2.47, P<0.01; for Caucasian, AA+AG vs. GG: OR=1.24, 95% CI=1.09-1.42, P<0.01). Our result indicated that CXCL12 G801A polymorphism is a risk factor for cancer. To validate the finding, further large-size case-control studies are warranted.


Subject(s)
Humans , Asian People , Genetics , Chemokine CXCL12 , Genetics , White People , Genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Neoplasms , Ethnology , Genetics , Pathology , Odds Ratio , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
17.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 319-26, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636926

ABSTRACT

Many studies have reported the relationship between CXCL12 G801A polymorphism and cancer risk, with conflicting results. In this study, we tried to clarify the possibility that this polymorphism may increase cancer risk by conducting an updated meta-analysis. PubMed and EMbase were searched for case-control studies regarding the association of the gene polymorphism and cancer risk. Data were extracted and odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were used to assess the strength of the association. Heterogeneity among articles and publication bias was also assessed. Significantly increased risk for cancer was found (A vs. G: OR=1.26, 95% CI=1.13-1.40, P<0.01; AA+AG vs. GG: OR=1.33, 95% CI=1.16-1.52, P<0.01). In subgroup analysis, statistically elevated cancer risk was found in both Asian and Caucasian populations (for Asian, AA+AG vs. GG: OR=1.74, 95% CI=1.22-2.47, P<0.01; for Caucasian, AA+AG vs. GG: OR=1.24, 95% CI=1.09-1.42, P<0.01). Our result indicated that CXCL12 G801A polymorphism is a risk factor for cancer. To validate the finding, further large-size case-control studies are warranted.

18.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1081-1084, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792346

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect on the booster immunization of different dosage of hepatitis B vaccine among children and to provide suggestions for booster immunization.Methods Children aged 5 -1 4 years old were randomly selected who had received the primary immunization of hepatitis B vaccine under 1 year old but had not received the booster immunization in Yuhuan county.A total of 547 children received 5 μg hepatitis A and B combined vaccine boost immunization and 688 children received 1 0 μg hepatitis B vaccine boost immunization in 2009.The anti -HBs levels before and after the boost immunization were detected.Results The anti -HBs positive rates of children received 5 μg and 1 0 μg vaccine boost immunization were 97.81 % and 96.08% respectively and the positive rates in the antibody negative children were 94.78% and 93.62% respectively.While the Geometric Mean Titer (GMT) of anti -HBs were 1 433.1 8 mIU /mL and 21 1 1 .43 mIU /mL respectively,which were both significantly higher than those before the boost immunization (P <0.001 ).The increase of GMT of children received 1 0 μg hepatitis B vaccine was significantly higher than that of children received 5 μg hepatitis A and B combined vaccine (P <0.05).Conclusion Both dosages of hepatitis B vaccine booster immunization are effective for children aged 5 -1 4 years old and 1 0 μg hepatitis B vaccine boost immunization has the better effect.

19.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 860-865, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345691

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the efficiency and safety of human neural progenitor cells (hNPCs) transplantation in the treatment of pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) in children.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-two children with PDD were treated, including 13 children with Rett syndrome and 9 children with autism. They accepted hNPCs transplantation voluntarily. hNPCs derived from aborted fetal tissue were injected into the lateral ventricle of the patients under supersonic guidance. All patients were assessed according to the Autism Behavior Checklist before operation, at one and six months post operation, and one year later.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>No delayed complications resulting from this therapy were observed. The clinical symptoms of 17 patients, including 8 patients with autism and 9 patients with Rett syndrome, improved in varying degrees. The assessment results of the Autism Behavior Checklist for children with autism showed that compared with pre-operative function, social communication scores were significantly reduced at six months after transplantation, and total scores and social communication and language scores were also significantly reduced 1 year after transplantation (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>These results suggest that hNPCs transplantation is effective and safe for treatment of PPD in children. It deserves a further study.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Child Development Disorders, Pervasive , Therapeutics , Neural Stem Cells , Transplantation , Rett Syndrome , Therapeutics
20.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 948-953, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345673

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the clinical effect of transplantation of CD133⁺ peripheral blood stem cells or umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells via the hepatic artery in children with type II hyperammonemia and its possible action mechanism. Umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells were obtained by collecting cord blood (100-150 mL) from healthy fetuses and separating stem cell suspension (5 mL) from the cord blood by hydroxyethyl starch sedimentation. CD133⁺ peripheral blood stem cells were obtained by mobilizing peripheral blood from the fathers of sick children using recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor for 5 days, collecting mononuclear cells (120 mL), and separating out CD133⁺ cells by sorting. With catheterization and percutaneous puncture, the obtained stem cells were slowly injected into the liver of sick children via the hepatic artery. The changes in clinical symptoms and laboratory indices such as blood ammonia, liver function, and arginine and citrulline concentrations were observed. After stem cell transplantation via the hepatic artery, the 6 children showed significantly decreased blood ammonia levels, and their blood ammonia levels slowly increased 1 to 2 weeks later, but remained below 100 μmol/L, and changes in glutamic-pyruvic transaminase levels were similar to blood ammonia. Plasma citrulline and arginine concentrations increased significantly after transplantation and the increase in citrulline level exceeded the increase in arginine level. An 8 months follow-up visit for one typical patient showed that the weight and height increased after transplantation and sleep was improved without night crying. The child could actively gaze at interesting objects instead of responding indifferently and started to say simple words. With regard to fine motor skills, the child could pinch things with the thumb and middle finger instead of displaying a lack of hand-eye coordination and progress was also made in gross motor skills. Gesell test showed that the child made progress for an average of 3.82 months in all areas. It was concluded that after stem cell transplantation, children with type II hyperammonemia have decreased blood ammonia levels, stable and improved liver function and steadily increased plasma citrulline and arginine concentrations. They display a progressive trend in such aspects as movement, language and environmental adaptability. It is hypothesized that stem cell transplantation via the hepatic artery partially or totally activates, or provides supplementary ornithine carbamoyl transferase, so that plasma citrulline and arginine concentrations increase and urea cycle disorder can be corrected to some extent.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Male , AC133 Antigen , Ammonia , Blood , Antigens, CD , Arginine , Blood , Citrulline , Blood , Glycoproteins , Hepatic Artery , Hyperammonemia , Blood , General Surgery , Peptides , Stem Cell Transplantation
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