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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 343-346, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913051

ABSTRACT

@#AIM:To observe the curative effect of take oral and cold-wet compress on eyes with Tiaoti Tuomin Decoction and the changes of immunologic function in patients with allergic conjunctivitis. METHODS:Totally 160 patients 320 eyes with allergic conjunctivitis were randomly divided into observation group and control group. The 80 patients(160 eyes)in the observation group were treated with Tiaoti Tuomin Decoction take oral and cold-wet compress on eyes. The 80 patients(160 eyes)in the control group were treated with 0.05% Azelastine Hydrochloride Eye Drops. After 14d of continuous treatment, the symptom and sign scores, quality of life questionnaire scores of allergic conjunctivitis, and the levels of serum immunoglobulin IgG, IgA, IgE of the two groups were compared and analyzed.RESULTS:After treatment, the scores of symptom and sign, quality of life questionnaire of allergic conjunctivitis in both groups were better than those before treatment(<i>P</i><0.05), and the improvement degree of which in the observation group was better than that in the control group(<i>P</i><0.05). After treatment, the levels of serum immunoglobulin IgG, IgA in the two groups were not significant improvement than before treatment(<i>P</i> >0.05), the level of serum immunoglobulin IgE in the observation group were significantly improved than before treatment(<i>P</i><0.05). CONCLUSION: Treatment of take oral and cold-wet compress on eyes with Tiaoti Tuomin Decoction can improve clinical symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis patients, help relieve allergic reaction and improve the quality of life.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921533

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of antiretroviral therapy(ART)for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission(PMTCT)of acquired immune deficiency syndrome(AIDS)on the growth and development of 18-month-old children born by human immunodeficiency virus(HIV)-positive pregnant women in Lingshan County,Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region,and provide scientific evidence for improving the ART medication plan for PMTCT.Methods Lingshan County,ranking the first in the HIV-epidemic counties of Guangxi,was selected as the research site.According to the design of retrospective case-control study,we assigned all the subjects into the case group and the control group:(1)The case group included the HIV-positive pregnant women who had received ART for PMTCT and their HIV-negative infants in Lingshan County from 2010 to 2017.The historical cards and PMTCT data of them were collected from the national PMTCT database.(2)The control group included the healthy pregnant women and their healthy babies born in the Lingshan Maternity and Infant Hospital in 2017,and the children's growth and development data were collected.The stunted growth in children was defined as at least one of the three main indicators of body height,body weight,and head circumference below the normal range.Results The number of HIV-positive mothers and their infants in the case group was 391 and 368,respectively,and 87.21%(341/391)and 95.38%(351/368)of mothers and infants respectively received ART medication.The HIV positive rate,mortality rate,and mother-to-child transmission rate of 18-month-old children were 1.36%(5/368),4.35%(16/368),and 2.01%(5/249),respectively.The incidence of stunted growth of 18-month-old children in the case group and the control group was 42.12%(155/368)and 23.06%(101/438),respectively,with significant difference(


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , China/epidemiology , Female , Growth and Development , HIV , HIV Infections/prevention & control , Humans , Infant , Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical/prevention & control , Mothers , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies
3.
Infection and Chemotherapy ; : 730-740, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914616

ABSTRACT

Background@#(Introduction): Zika virus (ZIKV), a mosquito-borne flavivirus, causes the outbreaks of Latin America in 2015 - 2016, with the incidence of neurological complications. Sunitinib malate, an orally bioavailable malate salt of the tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is suggested as a broadspectrum antiviral agent against emerging viruses like severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) and SARS-CoV-2. @*Materials and Methods@#This study investigated the antiviral efficacy and antiviral mechanisms of sunitinib malate against ZIKV infection using cytopathic effect reduction, virus yield, and time-of-addition assays. @*Results@#Sunitinib malate concentration-dependently reduced ZIKV-induced cytopathic effect, the expression of viral proteins, and ZIKV yield in supernatant with 50% inhibitory concentration (IC 50 ) value of 0.015 μM, and the selectivity index of greater than 100 against ZIKV infection, respectively. Sunitinib malate had multiple antiviral actions during entry and post-entry stages of ZIKV replication. Sunitinib malate treatment at entry stage significantly reduced the levels of ZIKV RNA replication with the reduction of (+) RNA to (-) RNA ratio and the production of new intracellular infectious particles in infected cells. The treatment at post-entry stage caused a concentration-dependent increase in the levels of ZIKV (+) RNA and (-) RNA in infected cells, along with enlarging the ratio of (+) RNA to (-) RNA, but caused a pointed increase in the titer of intracellular infectious particles by 0.01 and 0.1 μM, and a substantial decrease in the titer of intracellular infectious particles by 1 μM. @*Conclusion@#The study discovered the antiviral actions of sunitinib malate against ZIKV infection, demonstrating a repurposed, host-targeted approach to identify potential antiviral drugs for treating emerging and global viral diseases.

4.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 408-413, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912897

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the association of molecular subtypes with local recurrence, distant metastasis and prognosis in breast cancer patients undergoing adjuvant therapy after modified radical mastectomy as well as its significance.Methods:The clinical data of 108 patients with breast cancer undergoing adjuvant therapy after modified radical operation in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from March 2002 to March 2012 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the expressions of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR) and human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2), patients with breast cancer were divided into 4 molecular subtypes, including Luminal A, Luminal B, HER2-positive and triple-negative. The relationship between clinicopathological factors and molecular subtypes was analyzed, and the local recurrence rate and distant metastasis rate of breast cancer patients with various molecular subtypes were compared. Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test were used to make single factor analysis of survival. Cox proportional hazard model was used to make multi-factor survival analysis.Results:Among 108 patients, 41 cases were Luminal A, 40 cases were Luminal B, 17 cases were HER2-positive and 10 cases were triple-negative. The differences in compositions of patients with age, tumor size, pathological type, lymph node metastasis, American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging, vascular tumor thrombus, resection margin, and chemotherapy cycle number among groups with 4 molecular subtypes were not statistically significant (all P > 0.05), while the difference in compositions of patients receiving endocrine therapy was statistically significant ( P < 0.01). The local recurrence rate of patients with Luminal A, Luminal B, HER2 positive and triple-negative was 14.6% (6/41),15.0% (6/40), 11.8% (2/17), 10.0% (1/10), respectively, and the difference was not statistically significant ( P > 0.05). The distant metastasis rate of patients with HER2-positive and triple-negative was 35.3% (6/17) and 40% (4/10), respectively, which was higher than that of patients with Luminal A [24.4% (10/41)] and Luminal B [22.5% (9/40)], but there was no statistically significant difference among the four types ( P > 0.05). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed there was no statistical difference in progression-free survival of patients with Luminal A, Luminal B, HER2-positive and triple-negative ( P > 0.05), while there was a statistical difference in the overall survival (OS) ( P = 0.047), and the OS of triple-negative patients was the worst, meanwhile AJCC staging, lymph node metastasis and endocrine therapy were associated with the OS (all P < 0.05). Multi-factor Cox proportional hazard model analysis showed that lymph node metastasis ( OR = 4.481, 95% CI 1.377-14.580, P = 0.013) and endocrine therapy ( OR = 0.165, 95% CI 0.034-0.800, P = 0.025) were independent prognostic factors affecting OS. Conclusions:There is no statistically significant difference in local recurrence rate for breast cancer patients with different molecular types undergoing adjuvant therapy after modified radical mastectomy. Breast cancer patients with Luminal have better OS, while those with triple-negative have the worst OS. Molecular subtypes may have an important significance for the treatment choice and prognosis judgement of breast cancer.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909611

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the potential therapeutic targets and pharmacological mechanism of (-)-epigal?locatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) based on network pharmacology and experimental verification. METHODS The druggability of EGCG was measured by the traditional Chinese medicine systems pharmacology (TCMSP) server, and potential tar?gets of EGCG were identified by Pharm Mapper and Drug Repositioning and Adverse drug Reaction via Chemical-Pro?tein Interactome (DRAR-CPI). The potential targets were imported into GeneMANIA database to obtain the protein-pro?tein direct interaction network, and target physical interaction, co-expression, prediction, genetic interaction, and shared protein domains. The biological process, molecular functions, cellular components and KEGG signaling pathways of potential targets were analyzed using DAVID database. For further study, ethanol was used to establish a model of endothelial injury in vitro. The cell viability was assayed by MTT method, the cellular apoptosis was stained by Annexin V/PI, and the expression levels of Bcl-2, Bax and cleved-caspase-3 were tested by Western blotting. Then, JC-1 and nuclear translocation of NF-κB experiments were used to study the mitochondrial membrane potential and nuclear trans?location. RESULTS The oral availability of EGCG was 55.09% (≥ 30%) and drug-like index was 0.77 (≥ 0.18), which were considered pharmacokinetically active. 17 potential targetable proteins of EGCG were predicted by Pharm Mapper and DRAR-CPI. Further research showed that 68.13% displayed similar co-expression characteristics, 26.11% physical interactions, and 2.74% shared the same protein domain. The depth network analysis results showed that the biofunc?tions of EGCG were mainly by regulating glutathione derivative biosynthetic process, glutathione metabolic process, nitrogen compound metabolic process etc.. via drug binding, catalytic activity, glutathione transferase activity, anion bind?ing etc.. in sarcoplasmic reticulum, spindle pole, microtubule cytoskeleton and cytoplasm. KEGG enrichment analysis showed that Glutathione metabolism, IL-17 signaling pathway, EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor resistance, PI3K-Akt sig?naling pathway and other pathways were involves in the biofunction of EGCG. The above analyses indicated that EGCG exerts its biofunction through antioxidant and anti-inflammatory mechanisms. The experimental results showed that etha?nol 20.0 mmol·L-1 decreased cell viability, Bcl-2 expression, and increased cell apoptosis, the intracellular ROS, as well as the expression of Bax and cleaved-caspase-3 of human endothelial cells. However, treatment of the cells with EGCG can significantly alleviate ethanol induced endothelial cells injury. Further study showed that EGCG significantly allevi?ates ethanol induced mitochondrial depolarization and nuclear translocation of NF-κB. CONCLUSIONS EGCG exerts pharmacological efficacies on ethanol induced endothelial cell injury through multi-target, multi-function and multi-path?way mode. Protective effect of EGCG on ethanol induced cell injury was mainly through alteration of mitochondrial func?tion and NF-κB translocation. Therefore, EGCG have great potential in protecting against endothelial dysfunction of the persons who are chronically abuse of ethanol. This study also provides a new understanding of EGCG in clinical applica?tion on cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906217

ABSTRACT

Objective:Through comprehensive evaluation and analysis of the quality of Liuwei Dihuang (LWDH) preparations from different manufacturers and combining factors such as production technology, the key factors in the quality control of LWDH preparations are explored to provide a reference for improving the quality control level of LWDH preparations. Method:Morroniside, loganin and paeonol as quality control markers of LWDH products were determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), the mobile phase was acetonitrile (A) -0.3% phosphoric acid aqueous solution (B) for gradient elution (0-5 min, 5%-8%A; 5-20 min, 8%A; 20-35 min, 8%-20%A; 35-45 min, 20%-60%A; 45-55 min, 60%A), the detection wavelength of paeonol was at 274 nm, and the detection wavelengths of morroniside and loganin were at 240 nm. The quality characteristics of LWDH preparations with different dosage forms (big candied pills, water-honeyed pills, concentrated pills, hard capsules and soft capsules) from different manufacturers were analyzed. Combined these results with their actual production processes, the key-points of quality control in the whole production process were discussed. Result:The contents of three index ingredients in 128 batches of LWDH preparations were all in conformity with the standards of the 2015 edition of <italic>Chinese Pharmacopoeia</italic>, however, the content limit of some dosage forms in the current standard was unreasonable. For example, although the daily dose of crude drugs for big candied pills were almost twice the dose of water- honeyed pills (15.00, 8.57 g, respectively), they got exactly the same daily limits of the contents for both the quality markers. What′s more, these two formulations had the same process, so the differences between the process obviously could not be the reason of these differences. Conclusion:It is recommended that for the products with different dosage forms should have a similar content limits, if there are no obvious distinctions between their production processes. Which may benefit the quality control of the products with multi-dosage forms. The research on the quality standards of proprietary Chinese medicines should deeply study the existing characteristics of the quality standards, and fully respect the laws of the quality attributes of traditional Chinese medicines and the rules of the production process of Chinese patent medicines.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906134

ABSTRACT

Breast cancer is a malignant tumor with a variety of complex mechanisms. Current researchers generally believe that its cause may be related to living environment, daily mood, heredity, behavior habits, et al, but its specific pathogenesis has not yet been studied clearly. With the rapid increase in the number of breast cancer patients worldwide, the clinical treatment methods in most countries have also been continuously improved. At present, the methods such as surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and endocrine therapy are mainly adopted in clinical practice. These methods have increased the survival rate of patients, but still with the possibility of recurrence and metastasis, and there are obvious sequelae. Some postoperative patients also experience psychological pressure and burden, which would greatly affect the quality of life. A large number of experiments and clinical experience have proved that due to its unique advantages, traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) has serially improved its current status in the extensive treatment of breast cancer. No matter in post-operative rehabilitation or in the process of co-radiation and chemotherapy, it has played an increasingly prominent role. TCM can improve human immunity, regulate the body's environment, effectively prevent the recurrence and metastasis of breast cancer, improve postoperative recovery, reduce the complications of radiation treatment and iatrochemistry, expressively improve the quality of life of patients, and prolong the survival time of patients. In recent years, the effectiveness of TCM in the treatment of breast cancer has brought more and more great trust from the patients in TCM, and most patients are willing to actively receive TCM treatment, so the mechanisms and approaches of TCM intervention in the treatment of breast cancer still need further research and exploration by our medical workers. By consulting the latest domestic and foreign literature, we reviewed the research progress on five approaches of TCM intervention in the treatment of breast cancer, including signaling pathways, immunotherapy, endocrine therapy, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy. Signal pathway intervention was explained mainly based on wingless-type MMTV integration site family members(Wnt)signaling pathway , B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2)-associated X protein(Bax)/Bcl-2/cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase-3(Caspase-3)signaling pathway, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase(PI3K)/protein kinase B(PKB/Akt)/mammalian target of rapamycin(mTOR)signaling pathway, a highly conserved signal transduction pathway to regulate cell-cell communication(Notch)signaling pathway, mitogen-activated proteinkinase (MAPK) signaling pathway, etc. This article aims to provide reference for the treatment of breast cancer by Chinese medicine.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905806

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the status quo of relapse behavior among drug addicts and its related factors. Methods:A total of 1 225 community residents were randomly selected by stratified proportional sampling method. Data were collected by face-to-face questionnaire survey. Descriptive analysis, one-factor chi-square test and binary logistic regression were used to analyze the drug relapse behavior and possible related factors. Results:A total of 1 219 valid questionnaires were collected, with a recovery rate of 99.5%. The majority of the respondents were male (86.2%), rural household registration (78.3%), education level in junior high school or above (55.0%), and unmarried (54.1%), with an average age of (37.18±10.71) years old. 36.8% of the respondents had relapse behavior. The possible risk factors of relapse were age (OR=4.225, P<0.001), education level (OR=1.530, P=0.003),urban and rural residence (OR=1.778, P=0.001), employment status (OR=1.559, P=0.007), marriage status (OR=1.581, P=0.001)and family support (OR=1.756, P=0.006) . Conclusion:We should focus on the influence of demographic factors such as age, education level, employment status, marital status, family relationship and social support under the background of urban-rural differences on relapse behavior of drug addicts. The whole society should work together to create a good environment for rehabilitation, effectively prevent the relapse behavior of drug addicts, and actively help them return to society smoothly, so as to reduce the social burden.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904354

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of hot spring baths on human immune function by analyzing the changes of immunoglobulins and complements in serum of residents after hot spring baths in order to provide a theoretical reference for the therapeutic effect of hot spring bathing. Methods After physical examination, 421 volunteers from five hot spring areas with three types of hot springs(temperature type hot springs, metasilicic acid type hot springs, and warm mineral spring type hot springs)in Guizhou Province were selected as the subjects. Under the guidance of professionals, the volunteers took a hot spring bath with the whole body immersed for four weeks, once a day, 5 times a week and 40-50 minutes each time. Finally, 311 volunteers completed the standard bath required by this study. The transmission immunoturbidimetric method was used to determine the content of immunoglobulins reflecting mucosal anti-infective immunity(IgA), anti-pathogenic microorganisms(IgG), recent infections(IgM)and the level of important immune effect factors(C3, C4)in the serum. Paired T test was used to compare the changes of serum immunoglobulin and complement before and after the hot spring bath therapy. Results Before the hot spring baths, the content of serum IgG, IgA, IgM, and complements C3 and C4 was(12.169±2.358)g/L, (2.285±0.891)g/L, (1.430±0.660)g/L, (1.224±0.186)g/L, and(0.257±0.073)g/L, respectively. After the hot spring baths, the content of serum IgG, IgA, IgM, and complements C3 and C4 was(12.769±2.984)g/L, (2.397±0.909)g/L, (1.497±0.715)g/L, (1.242±0.169)g/L, and(0.266±0.074)g/L, respectively.Comparison of results of different types of hot springs showed that warm mineral type of hot springs and metasilicic acid type of hot springs could significantly increase the serum levels of main immunoglobulins IgG and IgA(P < 0.05), while water temperature type of hot springs could increase the serum IgA content of the population(P < 0.05), but the effect on IgG was not significant(P > 0.05). Compared with before the bath intervention, the level of complement C4 in the serum increased in the population after the intervention of metasilicic acid type of hot springs and water temperature type of hot springs(P < 0.05). Conclusion Hot spring bathing can enhance the body's humoral immune function. Given that IgG is the most important anti-pathogenic microorganism antibody in body fluids, the result suggests that metasilicic acid hot spring and warm mineral hot spring are better than pure water temperature hot spring in terms of improving the body's humoral immune function.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904352

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the changes of major and trace elements in urine before and after hot spring bathing, and to explore the effect of hot spring bathing on element metabolism, so as to provide theoretical reference for the physiotherapeutic efficacy of hot spring bathing. Methods The content of Ca, K, Mg, Na, P, S, Sr, Zn, B, Mn, Ni, V, Se, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mo, As, Cd, Hg, Li, Pb and Al in warm mineral springs, metasilicic springs and mineral springs in Guizhou Province was determined by ICP-MS. On the basis of physical examination, 421 people in hot spring areas of Guizhou Province were selected as the subjects. Under the guidance of professionals, the volunteers took a hot spring bath with the whole body immersed for four weeks, once a day, five times a week, for 40-50 minutes each time. Finally, 311 volunteers completed the standard bath required by this study. The content of major elements(Ca, K, Mg, Na, P, and S), essential trace elements(Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mo, Se, Sr, and Zn), possibly essential trace elements(B, Mn, Ni, and V)and potentially toxic elements(Al, As, Cd, Hg, Li, and Pb)in urine was analyzed by ICP-MS. Wilcoxon test was used to compare the differences of various elements in urine before and after bathing. Results The water of the warm mineral spring pool mainly contained Mo, Sr, Zn, B, Al, and Pb. The metasilicic acid water mainly contained Cu, V, and As. The water of the mineral spring bubble pool mainly contained Ca, K, Mg, S, Cr, Fe, Se, Mn, Ni, and Li. Compared with before intervention, the content of major elements(Ca, K, Mg, S), essential trace elements(Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mo, Se, Zn)and possibly essential trace elements(B, Mn, Ni, V)significantly increased, and the content of potential toxic elements(Al, Li, Pb)significantly decreased after intervention(all P < 0.05). The results showed that the content of P, S, Co, Cr, Mo, Se, Zn, Mn and Ni increased significantly and the content of Hg decreased significantly after metasilicic acid hot spring bathing compared with that before bathing(all P < 0.05). After warm mineral hot spring bathing, the content of Ca, Mg, S and Zn increased significantly, while the content of Al and Pb decreased significantly(all P < 0.05). The content of Mg, S, Co, Cr, Se and Ni increased significantly and the content of Al decreased significantly(all P < 0.05). Conclusion There are many kinds of mineral elements in hot springs in Guizhou Province. After hot spring bathing, the essential trace elements and possible essential trace elements in human body increased, and the potential toxic elements decreased, but there was no gender difference.

11.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1184-1188, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886614

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the impact of violent video games exposure, self control level and coping style on aggressive behavior of junior high school students in Shanghai, and provide a basis for future interventions to effectively reduce adolescents aggressive behavior.@*Methods@#Cluster sampling was used to select 1 886 students of 4 public middle schools in Shanghai from May to June 2019. The data was collected included Violent Video Game Use Habits Questionnaire, Buss & Perry aggression questionnaire, Adolescent Self Control Dual System Scale and Simple Coping Style Questionnaire.@*Results@#According to the potential profile analysis, the level of aggressive behavior of junior school students in Shanghai could be divided into four groups, which was low aggressive group,middle aggressive group one, middle aggressive group two and high aggressive group according to level of aggregate. After controlling for gender and age, multivariate Logistic regression showed that exposure to violent video games, impulse system and negative response were risk factors for aggressive behavior( P <0.05); using low aggressive group as control group,the OR of violent video games in other three groups were 1.26, 1.30 and 1.70 respectively. The OR of impulse system were 2.96 , 4.40 and 6.84 respectively. The OR of negative response were 1.17, 1.42 and 1.74 respectively. Positive response was a protective factor( P <0.05). Using low aggressive group as control group, the OR of positive in other three groups were 0.82, 0.52 and 0.49 respectively.@*Conclusion@#Violent video game exposure, impulsive system and negative coping style can increase the level of aggressive behavior of junior high school students, while positive coping style can reduce the level of aggression of junior middle school students.

12.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 872-875, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881366

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the incidence of school bullying and its influencing factors among adolescents in low-income and middle-income countries, and to explore the association between school bullying and mental health of adolescent students, so as to provide reference for prevention and control of school bullying and mental health intervention.@*Methods@#Data was obtained from the 2009-2015 Global School Student Health Survey from 19 low-income and middle-income countries (n=22 963). Binary Logistic regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of school bullying, and multiple linear regression was used to analyze the relationship between school bullying and mental health.@*Results@#The average score of students mental health was(5.75±2.09), and approximately 35.1% of adolescent students reported suffering from school bullying. The rates of school bullying among students in low-income and middle-income countries were 39.4% amd 34.3%, respectively. Students with lower grades, overweight, poor family economic status, low family learning and psychological support, poor perceived family relationship, more truancy, and poor relationship with classmates were more likely to suffer from school bullying(P<0.05). Exposure to school bullying was positively associated with adverse mental health outcomes for women(B=1.27, P<0.01).@*Conclusion@#Not only were school bullying more common in low-income countries, but also school bullying had a greater negative impact on the mental health of girls. We need to pay more attention to school bullying among adolescent students, especially in low-income countries and girls, with cost-effective interventions to reduce or mitigate the consequences of bullying.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888166

ABSTRACT

This study aims to systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of Toutongning Capsules in the treatment of tension-type headache(TTH), so as to provide a corresponding basis for clinical treatment. Eight commonly used medical research databases and two clinical trial registration systems were retrieved with the time interval from the establishment of the database or system to November 2020. The randomized controlled trials of Toutongning Capsules in the treatment of TTH were screened out according to the pre-set criteria. The quality of the included papers was evaluated by the bias risk assessment tool in Cochrane Reviewers Handbook 6.1 and the data were statistically analyzed by RevMan v5.4 provided by Cochrane collaboration. A total of 13 studies were included and the quality of methodology was generally low. Meta-analysis showed that Toutongning Capsules assisted with western medicine therapy can effectively reduce the pain intensity(MD_(VAS)=-1.94,95%CI[-2.50,-1.38],P<0.000 01;MD_(NRS)=-0.83,95%CI[-0.86,-0.80],P<0.000 01), headache duration(SMD=-0.98,95%CI[-1.17,-0.79],P<0.000 01), headache frequency(MD=-1.01,95%CI[-1.16,-0.85],P<0.000 01), headache index(MD=-11.13,95%CI[-12.10,-10.16],P<0.000 01), anxiety and depression scale score(MD_(HAMA)=-4.02,95%CI[-6.58,-1.46],P=0.002;MD_(HAMD)=-2.67,95%CI[-4.04,-1.29],P=0.000 1), while Toutongning Capsules as monotherapy only reduced the headache score(MD=-2.24,95%CI[-2.97,-1.51],P<0.000 01). The available clinical studies demonstrate that Toutongning Capsules combined with western medicine in the treatment of TTH can improve the related outcome indicators, but the clinical safety and efficacy of Toutongning Capsules alone remain unclear. Due to the small number and low quality of the included studies, large-sample, multi-center, high-quality and strictly designed randomized controlled trials are still needed to verify the clinical efficacy in the future.


Subject(s)
Capsules , Databases, Factual , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Tension-Type Headache/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888165

ABSTRACT

The efficacy of gastrodin as a Chinese herbal medicine extract in the treatment of tension-type headache has been confirmed. This paper systematically reviewed the efficacy and safety of gastrodin in the treatment of tension-type headache, aiming to provide a new choice for the treatment of this disease. In this study, four Chinese databases, four English databases and two trial registries were searched from the date of establishment to September 2020. The related randomized controlled trials(RCTs) were screened out according to the predetermined criteria. The bias risk assessment tool developed by Cochrane collaboration was used to evaluate the quality of the reports. RevMan 5.4.1 was used for Meta-analysis, and GRADE system for the evidence-based evaluation on the quality of outcome indicators. A total of 177 articles were retrieved and 8 articles were finally included for analysis, with a total sample size of 1 091 cases, which included 565 cases in the treatment group and 526 cases in the control group. The overall quality of included stu-dies was not high. The results of Meta-analysis are as follows:(1)In terms of headache frequency, gastrodin group was better than wes-tern medicine group(MD=-2.90, 95%CI[-3.76,-2.03], P<0.000 01).(2)In terms of number of abnormal blood vessels in TCD, gastrodin group was better than western medicine group(MD=-88.96, 95%CI[-102.36,-75.55], P<0.000 01).(3)In terms of effective rate, gastrodin group was better than western medicine group(RR=1.47, 95%CI[1.29, 1.68], P<0.000 01). The results of subgroup analysis are as follows:(1)Effective rate based on age, for the patients upper age limit 40-46 years old, gastro-din group was better than western medicine group(RR=1.69, 95%CI[1.50, 1.90], P<0.000 01); for the patients upper age limit 55-60 years old, gastrodin group was better than western medicine group(RR=1.27, 95%CI[1.16, 1.38], P<0.000 01).(2)Effective rate based on dosage form, both the gastrodin capsules and injection groups were better than western medicine group(RR_(capsules)=1.42, 95%CI[1.08, 1.88], P=0.01; RR_(injection)=1.50, 95%CI[1.26, 1.77], P<0.000 01). GRADE evaluation showed that the above outcomes had low quality of evidence. Only one article detailed the occurrence of adverse reactions and thus the present study cannot make a positive conclusion on the safety of gastrodin in the treatment of tension-type headache. The small number and low quality of the included reports affected the reliability of the results. In the future, more high-quality randomized controlled trails are needed to improve the evaluation on the efficacy and safety of gastrodin in the treatment of tension-type headache.


Subject(s)
Adult , Benzyl Alcohols/therapeutic use , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Glucosides , Humans , Middle Aged , Reproducibility of Results , Tension-Type Headache
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888163

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the application of outcome indicators in randomized controlled trials(RCTs) concerning the treatment of tension-type headache(TTH) with traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) in recent five years, so as to provide a basis for the study of core outcome set(COS) for TCM intervention in TTH. The RCTs on TCM treatment of TTH in recent five years were systematically retrieved from CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, CBM, EMbase, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, ClinicalTrials.gov and China Clinical Trial Registry. After literature screening, data extraction and evaluation of the risk of bias, the outcome indicators in the included RCTs were subjected to qualitative analysis. The preliminary search yielded 19 042 articles, and 10 983 were left after the elimination of duplication. Finally, 52 RCTs(48 in Chinese and 4 in English) were included for qualitative analysis. The outcome indicators of RCTs included in this study were classified into seven domains: TCM syndrome, symptom and sign, physical and chemical detection, quality of life, long-term prognosis, economic evaluation, and safety event. The findings demonstrated that headache characteristic index in the symptom and sign domain was the index with the highest reporting frequency and reporting rate. Seventeen RCTs used TCM syndrome score as the outcome indicator. Further analysis revealed that there existed such problems in research design as non-distinction between primary and secondary outcome indicators, great difference in the adopted measurement tools for outcome indicators, and the neglect of measurement time of outcome indicators. Moreover, the syndrome indicators reflecting TCM advantages, objective evaluation indicators, safety and health-economic indicators were lacking. These limitations have affected the quality and reliability of RCTs on TTH treatment with TCM. It is suggested that the efficacy and characteristics of TCM should be combined into current clinical research, and the COS in RCTs regarding TCM treatment of TTH should be established according to internationally recognized standard procedures.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality of Life , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Reproducibility of Results , Tension-Type Headache/drug therapy
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888062

ABSTRACT

This research established the HPLC methods for the determination of perillaketone, perillaldehyde, caffeic acid, scutellarin, and rosmarinic acid in 33 batches of Perillae Folium. Kromasil C_(18)(4.6 × 250 mm, 5 μm) chromatographic column was used, and the mobile phase for determination of the perillaketone and perillaldehyde was methanol-water(55∶45) solution, at a flow rate of 1.0 mL·min~(-1), with the column temperature at 30 ℃. The mobile phase for the determination of caffeic acid, scutellarin and rosmarinic acid was methanol(A)-0.2% phosphoric acid aqueous solution(B) with gradient elution(0-20 min, 25%-30% A; 20-60 min, 30%-43% A). The flow rate was 1.0 mL·min~(-1) and the column temperature was set at 30 ℃. The results showed that the established method can achieve good separation of the five components in samples, with a good linear relationship and high accuracy, indicating that the methods can be used for the determination of Perillae Folium. The results showed that all samples contained five components. And the content of rosmarinic acid(0.04%-1.57%) > scutellarin(0.03%-0.77%) > perillaldehyde(0.02%-0.66%) > perillaketone(0.03%-0.30%) > caffeic acid(0.006%-0.07%). Thirty-three Batches of Perillae Folium can be grouped into 5 categories. There are certain content rules and region specificities under different clusters. Perillaketone, perillaldehyde, and rosmarinic acid can be used as the main markers to evaluate the quality of Perillae Folium.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Plant Extracts , Plant Leaves
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888061

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the establishment of the commercial grade of Yinpian [traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) pieces for decoction] in the TCM industry has been hotly disputed. In this article, Sophorae Flavescentis Radix(SFR) was selected as a representative example to investigated. Through systematic comparison and analysis, the different grades of SFR slices were traced, verified and evaluated. According to the current published local grade standards of SFR slices, the results showed that the first-class of SFR slices were mostly derived from the wild medicinal materials, the second-class were mostly originated from the cultivated materials in 3-4 years, and the third-class products were from a small number of lateral roots and short-growing years or harsh habitat of wild medicinal materials. On the basis of identifying the sources of different grades of SFR slices, the contents of the active components, including matrine, oxymatrine, oxysophocarpine, sophoridine, N-methyl-cytisine, sophocarpine, were quantitatively determined in typical samples, it was found that the grades were inversely proportional to the contents of active ingredients. In order to ensure the universality of the conclusion, the contents of different grades of commercial SFR slices were determined, and the conclusion was verified as "the commercial grades of SFR slices were inversely linked to their contents of active ingredients". This phenomenon is common in the determination of the commercial grade of Yinpian of radix and rhizome. Therefore, we propose that the method or standard of the commercial grade of Yinpian of radix and rhizome based on the size of Yinpian maybe not proper. Whether and how to classify Yinpian commercial grade is not only a multi-disciplinary issue, especially in combination with clinical efficacy, but also a big problem need to consider the production, commercial circulation and other processes link of quality risk and quality assurance, and should be treated with great caution.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Roots , Rhizome , Sophora
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888060

ABSTRACT

As anti-aging ingredients, β-nicotinamide mononucleotide(NMN) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide(NAD~+) have attracted worldwide attention in recent years. After oral administration, NMN can be converted into NAD~+ in vivo and the latter is the actual ingredient which exerts anti-aging effect. In order to explore the "rejuvenating and anti-aging" effect of Dendrobium officinale, which was firstly recorded in Shennong's Herbal Classic of Materia Medica, this study established the quantitative method of UPLC-MS/MS for simultaneous determination of NMN and NAD~+ in D. officinale and the congeneric species for the first time, and 34 batches of samples were detected. UPLC conditions are as follows: ACQUITY UPLC HSS T3 column(2.1 mm × 100 mm, 1.8 μm), gradient elution with acetonitrile-0.1% formic acid in water at the flow rate of 0.3 mL·min~(-1), and column temperature of 40 ℃. MS conditions were scanned electrospray ionization source and multiple reaction monitoring mode. The method was verified by systematic methodology. The mean recoveries of NMN and NAD~+ were 77.58% and 80.70%, respectively, with RSD of 3.6% and 4.3%, separately. All results showed that the content of NMN was higher in D. officinale than in the other congeneric species. Particularly, the content in fresh D. officinale stems was as high as 0.931 9 μg·g~(-1). NAD~+ was only found in D. officinale and the content was three times higher than that of NMN. This may be the reason that D. officinale topped the "nine famous anti-aging herbs". In addition, processing method influences the content of NMN and NAD~+ in Dendrobium. Specifically, the content of NMN and NAD~+ was in the order of fresh Dendrobium stems > dried Dendrobium stem segments > spiral or spring-like dried Dendrobium stems.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Dendrobium , NAD , Nicotinamide Mononucleotide , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905382

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) parameter of fractional anisotropy (FA) and recovery of upper-extremity motor function in patients with ischemic stroke. Methods:From January to December, 2019, 20 ischemic stroke patients accepted routine medication and rehabilitation for three weeks. They received DTI examination and were measured FA of the infarct and the corresponding area on the contralateral side, the cerebral foot and the posterior limb of internal capsule of affected and unaffected sides, while the bilateral FA ratio (rFA) of them were calculated, before and after treatment. Meanwhile, all the patients were assessed with Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Upper Extremity (FMA-UE). Results:The FMA-UE score improved after treatment (t = 9.074, P < 0.001), while FA and rFA increased in infarct area (t > 14.519, P < 0.001). The difference before and after treatment of FA and rFA in all of the areas positively correlated with that of FMA-UE scores (r = 0.445~0.565, P < 0.05), which was the most in posterior limb of internal capsule of the affected side. Conclusion:FA of DTI alters with the recovery of motor function of the upper extremity after ischemic stroke, especially in the posterior limb of internal capsule.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864271

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the behavioral problems of children with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), and to explore the influencing factors, thus providing evidence for their prevention and interventions.Methods:A case-control study was carried out.A total of 25 children with CAH who were aged 4-16 and regularly followed up in the Outpatient Department of the Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University from June 1, 2017 to March 31, 2019 were enrolled in the study group, and 50 age-and gender-matched healthy children in Hunan Province were selected as the healthy control group.The parents of the selected subjects were investigated with the Achenbach Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) to evaluate children′s behavior problems.SPSS 22.0 software was applied to statistical analysis.Results:(1) The scores of externalizing behaviors, aggressive factors and behavior problems in 4-to 5-year-old male children in the CAH group were significantly higher than those in the healthy control group [(12.440±8.353) scores vs.(5.060±5.230) scores, (9.670±6.481) scores vs.(4.110±4.157) scores, (22.110±13.062) scores vs.(12.890±9.405) scores] ( t=2.829, 2.711, 2.109, respectively, all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the scores of other behavior problems and influencing factors between the CAH group and the healthy control group (all P>0.05). (2) The influencing factor of behavioral problems was progesterone ( β=0.567). Testoste-rone not only was the influencing factor of externalizing and internalizing behaviors ( β=0.582, 0.497, respectively), but also affected the behavior of physical complaints, violation of discipline and social withdrawal ( β=0.735, 0.531 and 0.492, respectively). The factor influencing the schizoid behavior was the initial treatment age ( β=0.402). Conclusions:Four- to 5-year-old male children with CAH have behavioral problems, among which aggression and externalizing behaviors are more common.The increase of testosterone may cause the problems of internalizing and externalizing behaviors in children with CAH, and has a great impact on physical complaints, social withdrawal, and discipline violation.The increase of progesterone may lead to the behavior problems of the children.The older the initial treatment age, the more serious the schizoid behavior problem may be.

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