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1.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 82-86, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929577

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 swept across the countries and regions all over the world in the past one year. The marketing of an effective and safe COVID-19 vaccine is expected to control the spread of the disease. A placebo-controlled field efficacy trial is generally considered in the pivotal study of COVID-19 vaccine to observe whether it is able to reduce the incidence rate of the disease effectively. This paper is to introduce and discuss the considerations in study design and the choice of endpoint, statistical evaluation methods, primary estimand choosing and the strategies to various intercurrent events in the COVID-19 efficacy trials.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 , COVID-19 Vaccines , Research Design , SARS-CoV-2
2.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 575-581, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943038

ABSTRACT

Perioperative traumatic stress is a systemic nonspecific response caused by stimuli such as anesthesia, surgery, pain and anxiety, which lasts throughout the perioperative period.The continuous excessive stress response is not conducive to the postoperative rehabilitation of patients. Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS), a research hotspot of modern surgery, can significantly reduce perioperative pain and stress, thus promoting the rehabilitation of patients. With the progress of artificial intelligence and information technology, wearable, non-invasive, real-time heart rate variability (HRV) dynamic monitoring can effectively realize the digitalization of stress monitoring with low price, which is worthy of clinical application. Therefore, the use of HRV for digital monitoring of perioperative stress has a significant research value. Moreover, the combination of HRV and ERAS has shown its advantages and the prospect of clinical application is worthy of anticipating.


Subject(s)
Humans , Artificial Intelligence , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Length of Stay , Pain , Perioperative Period , Postoperative Complications
3.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 733-738, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984165

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the genetic polymorphism of InDel loci in SifalnDel 45plex system in the Han population in Jiangsu Province and the Mongolian population in Inner Mongolia, and to evaluate the effectiveness of the system in forensic medicine.@*METHODS@#SifaInDel 45plex system was used for genotyping in blood samples of 398 unrelated individuals from the above two populations, and allele frequencies and population genetic parameters of the two populations were calculated respectively. Eight intercontinental populations in the gnomAD database were used as reference populations. The genetic distances between the two studied populations and eight reference populations were calculated based on the allele frequencies of 27 autosomal-InDels (A-InDels). The phylogenetic trees and multidimensional scaling (MDS) analysis diagrams were constructed accordingly.@*RESULTS@#Among two studied populations, the 27 A-InDels and 16 X-InDels showed no linkage disequilibrium between each other and the allele frequency distributions were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The CDP of the 27 A-InDels in two studied populations were all higher than 0.999 999 999 9, and the CPEtrio were all less than 0.999 9. The CDP of the 16 X-InDels in Han in Jiangsu and Mongolian in Inner Mongolia female and male samples were 0.999 997 962, 0.999 998 389, and 0.999 818 940, 0.999 856 063, respectively. The CMECtrio were all less than 0.999 9. The results of population genetics showed that the Jiangsu Han nationality, Inner Mongolia Mongolian nationality and East Asian population clustered into one branch, showing closer genetic relationship. The other 7 intercontinental populations clustered into another group. And the above 3 populations displayed distant genetic relationships with the other 7 intercontinental populations.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The InDels in the SifaInDel 45plex system have good genetic polymorphism in the two studied populations, which can be used for forensic individual identification or as an effective complement for paternity identification, and to distinguish different intercontinental populations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Phylogeny , Gene Frequency , Polymorphism, Genetic , Genetics, Population , Asian People/genetics , China , INDEL Mutation
4.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 947-952, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829072

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of acupoint application therapy at different timing points on the gastrointestinal function recovery and heart rate variability (HRV) after laparoscopic resection of colorectal cancer under the instruction of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS).@*METHODS@#A total of 105 patients for the selective laparoscopic resection of colorectal cancer were selected and randomized into a preoperative acupoint application group (35 cases, 3 cases dropped off), a postoperative acupoint application group (35 cases, 1 case dropped out) and a control group (35 cases, 2 cases dropped off). In the control group, ERAS interventions were provided, such as health education, fluid supplementation and multi-mode analgesia. On the base of the treatment as the control group, in the preoperative acupoint application group and the postoperative acupoint application group, 3 days before operation and 6 h after operation, the acupoint application therapy was given respectively. The acupoints were Zusanli (ST 36), Shangjuxu (ST 37), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Neiguan (PC 6) and Xiajuxu (ST 39). The acupoint application was exerted for 6 h each time, once daily till the first postoperative exhaust and defecation presented. It was to observe the time of the first postoperative exhaust, defecation and food intake, the score of visual analogue scale (VAS) 1 to 3 days after operation, the total score of gastrointestinal symptom rating scale (GSRS) before and 1 week after operation, as well as the related indicators of HRV [standard deviation of NN intervals (SDNN) and the ratio of low-frequency power and high frequency power (LF/HF)] in the three groups successively. Besides, the adverse reactions were recorded during intervention in the three groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the time of the first postoperative exhaust and the time of the first postoperative defecation were all earlier in the preoperative acupoint application group and the postoperative acupoint application group respectively (<0.05), and VAS scores 1 to 3 days after operation and total GSRS scores 1 week after operation were all reduced (<0.05); the time of first food intake was earlier after operation (<0.05), and SDNN and LF/LF were increased 1 day and 3 days after operation in the preoperative acupoint application group (<0.05). Compared with the postoperative acupoint application group, in the preoperative acupoint application group, the time of the first postoperative exhaust and the time of the first postoperative defecation were all earlier (<0.05), VAS scores were reduced in 1 to 3 days after operation (<0.05), and SDNN 1 day and 3 days after operation and LF/HF 1 day after operation were all increased (<0.05). No adverse reaction was detected in patients of the three groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Under the instruction of ERAS, the preoperative acupoint application effectively promotes the postoperative gastrointestinal function recovery, improves HRV and autonomous nerve function in the patients after laparoscopic resection of colorectal cancer. The therapeutic effect of this therapy is better than the postoperative acupoint application.

5.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 484-492, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828989

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Long-term seroprotection the hepatitis A vaccine is essential for the prevention of disease from the hepatitis A virus (HAV). Due to documented difficulties during decade-long follow-ups after receiving vaccines, statistical-modeling approaches have been applied to predict the duration of immune protection.@*Methods@#Based on five-year follow-up data from a randomized positive-controlled trial among Chinese children (1-8 years old) following a 0, 6 months vaccination schedule, a power-law model accounting for the kinetics of B-cell turnover, as well as a modified power-law model considering a memory-B-cell subpopulation, were fitted to predict the long-term immune responses induced by HAV vaccination (Healive or Havrix). Anti-HAV levels of each individual and seroconversion rates up to 30 years after vaccination were predicted.@*Results@#A total of 375 participants who completed the two-dose vaccination were included in the analysis. Both models predicted that, over a life-long period, participants vaccinated with Healive would have close but slightly higher antibody titers than those of participants vaccinated with Havrix. Additionally, consistent with previous studies, more than 90% of participants were predicted to maintain seroconversion for at least 30 years. Moreover, the modified power-law model predicted that the antibody titers would reach a plateau level after nearly 15 years post-vaccination.@*Conclusions@#Based on the results of our modeling, Healive may adequately induce long-term immune responses following a 0, 6 months vaccination schedule in children induction of memory B cells to provide stable and durable immune protection.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , China , Hepatitis A , Allergy and Immunology , Hepatitis A Antibodies , Blood , Hepatitis A Vaccines , Immunity, Active , Models, Statistical , Vaccination
6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2993-3000, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828024

ABSTRACT

To scientifically evaluate the intervention effect of Chinese medicine preventive administration(combined use of Huo-xiang Zhengqi Oral Liquid and Jinhao Jiere Granules) on community population in the case of coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19), a large cohort, prospective, randomized, and parallel-controlled clinical study was conducted. Total 22 065 subjects were included and randomly divided into 2 groups. The non-intervention group was given health guidance only, while the traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) intervention group was given two coordinated TCM in addition to health guidance. The medical instructions were as follows. Huoxiang Zhengqi Oral Liquid: oral before meals, 10 mL/time, 2 times/day, a course of 5 days. Jinhao Jiere Granules: dissolve in boiling water and take after meals, 8 g/time, 2 times/day, a course of 5 days, followed up for 14 days, respectively. The study found that with the intake of medication, the incidence rate of TCM intervention group was basically maintained at a low and continuous stable level(0.01%-0.02%), while the non-intervention group showed an overall trend of continuous growth(0.02%-0.18%) from 3 to 14 days. No suspected or confirmed COVID-19 case occurred in either group. There were 2 cases of colds in the TCM intervention group and 26 cases in the non-intervention group. The incidence of colds in the TCM intervention group was significantly lower(P<0.05) than that in the non-intervention group. In the population of 16-60 years old, the incidence rate of non-intervention and intervention groups were 0.01% and 0.25%, respectively. The difference of colds incidence between the two groups was statistically significant(P<0.05). In the population older than 60 years old, they were 0.04% and 0.21%, respectively. The incidence of colds in the non-intervention group was higher than that in the intervention group, but not reaching statistical difference. The protection rate of TCM for the whole population was 91.8%, especially for the population of age 16-60(95.0%). It was suggested that TCM intervention(combined use of Huoxiang Zhengqi Oral Liquid and Jinhao Jiere Granules) could effectively protect community residents against respiratory diseases, such as colds, which was worthy of promotion in the community. In addition, in terms of safety, the incidence of adverse events and adverse reactions in the TCM intervention group was relatively low, which was basically consistent with the drug instructions.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Drug Therapy , Prospective Studies
7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 413-419, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-342023

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>Most studies on enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) for gastric cancer exclude patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Here, we aimed to evaluate whether patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy can be enrolled into the ERAS program for locally advanced gastric cancer.</p><p><b>Methods</b>From April 2015 to July 2017, 114 patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy for locally advanced gastric cancer were randomized into ERAS and standard care (SC) groups. Postoperative length of stay, complications, bowel function, and nutritional status were recorded.</p><p><b>Results:</b>The postoperative length of stay of the ERAS group was shorter compared with that of the SC group (5.9 ± 5.6 vs. 8.1 ± 5.3 days, P = 0.037). The postoperative complication rate was 9.3% in the ERAS group and 11.5% in the SC group (P = 0.700). The time to first flatus (2.7 ± 2.0 vs. 4.5 ± 4.6 days, P = 0.010) and time to a semi-liquid diet (3.2 ± 2.1 vs. 6.3 ± 4.9 days, P < 0.001) in the ERAS group were shorter compared with those in the SC group. On the 10day after surgery, the values of weight, total protein, albumin, and prealbumin of the ERAS group were lower compared with those of the SC group.</p><p><b>Conclusions:</b>Patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy could be enrolled into ERAS programs for locally advanced gastric cancer. The nutritional status of these patients was not adversely affected.</p>

8.
Parenteral & Enteral Nutrition ; (6): 24-27, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692107

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of early drinking and eating for gastric cancer patients with multimode health propaganda and education during postoperative Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS).Methods:Sixty patients who would received radical operation of gastric cancer were randomly divided into two groups:observation group (30 cases) and control group (30 cases).Patients in the observation group were employed the multi-mode health propaganda and education which were guided more detailed and quantitative regimens for early drinking and eating.Patients in the control group were carried out with routine methods.The compliance of postoperative drinking and eating,the rate of complications and patients satisfaction were compared between the two groups.Results:The compliance of postoperative drinking and eating of the observation group was significantly higher than that of the control group.Hospital patient satisfaction in health-education projects (19.50 ± 0.50) of the observation group was significantly higher than that (16.12 ± 3.21) of the control group (P < 0.05).The rate of gastrointestinal complications in the observation patients was significantly lower,compared with that in the control patients (P < 0.05).Conclusion:During the postoperative ERAS for gastric cancer patients,early drinking and eating guided by multi-mode health propaganda and education is safe and effective,for which could increase the postoperative compliance,decrease the rate of complication.It is worth promoting early quantitative drinking and eating after operation.

9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2294-2300, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307420

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols or fast-track (FT) programs enable a shorter hospital stay and lower complication rate. Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is associated with a lesser trauma and a quicker recovery in many elective abdominal surgeries. However, little is known of the safety and effectiveness made by ERAS protocols combined with MIS for gastric cancer. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness made by FT programs and MIS in combination or alone.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We summarized an 11-year experience on gastric cancer patients undergoing elective laparotomy or minimally invasive gastric resection in standard cares (SC) or FT programs during January 2004 to December 2014. A total of 984 patients were enrolled and assigned into four groups: open gastrectomies (OG) with SC (OG + SC group, n = 167); OG with FT programs (OG + FT group, n = 277); laparoscopic gastrectomies (LG) with FT programs (LG + FT group, n = 248); and robot-assisted gastrectomies (RG) with FT programs (RG + FT group, n = 292). Patients' data were collected to evaluate the clinical outcome. The primary end point was the length of postoperative hospital stay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The OG + SC group showed the longest postoperative hospital stay (mean: 12.3 days, median: 11 days, interquartile range [IQR]: 6-16 days), while OG + FT, LG + FT, and RG + FT groups recovered faster (mean: 7.4, 6.4, and 6.6 days, median: 6, 6, and 6 days, IQR: 3-9, 4-8, and 3-9 days, respectively, all P< 0.001). The postoperative rehabilitation parameters such as flatus time after surgery (4.7 ± 0.9, 3.1 ± 0.8, 3.0 ± 0.9, and 3.1 ± 0.9 days) followed the same manner. After 30 postoperative days' follow-up, the total incidence of complications was 9.6% in OG + SC group, 10.1% in OG + FT group, 8.1% in LG + FT group, and 10.3% in RG + FT group. The complications showed no significant differences between the four groups (all P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>ERAS protocols alone could significantly bring fast recovery after surgery regardless of the surgical technique. MIS further reduces postoperative hospital stay. It is safe and effective to apply ERAS protocols combined with MIS for gastric cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Elective Surgical Procedures , Gastrectomy , Laparoscopy , Length of Stay , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Postoperative Care , Methods , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1402-1407, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320069

ABSTRACT

Missing data is a common but unavoidable issue in clinical trials. It not only lowers the trial power, but brings the bias to the trial results. Therefore, on one hand, the missing data handling methods are employed in data analysis. On the other hand, it is vital to prevent the missing data in the trials. Prevention of missing data should take the first place. From the perspective of data, firstly, some measures should be taken at the stages of protocol design, data collection and data check to enhance the patients' compliance and reduce the unnecessary missing data. Secondly, the causes of confirmed missing data in the trials should be notified and recorded in detail, which are very important to determine the mechanism of missing data and choose the suitable missing data handling methods, e.g., last observation carried forward (LOCF); multiple imputation (MI); mixed-effect model repeated measure (MMRM), etc.


Subject(s)
Humans , Clinical Trials as Topic , Data Collection , Methods , Reference Standards , Models, Theoretical , Research Design
11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1464-1469, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320057

ABSTRACT

Testing of hypothesis was affected by statistical analysis set division which was an important data management work before data base lock-in. Objective division of statistical analysis set under blinding was the guarantee of scientific trial conclusion. All the subjects having accepted at least once trial treatment after randomization should be concluded in safety set. Full analysis set should be close to the intention-to-treat as far as possible. Per protocol set division was the most difficult to control in blinded examination because of more subjectivity than the other two. The objectivity of statistical analysis set division must be guaranteed by the accurate raw data, the comprehensive data check and the scientific discussion, all of which were the strict requirement of data management. Proper division of statistical analysis set objectively and scientifically is an important approach to improve the data management quality.


Subject(s)
Clinical Trials as Topic , Reference Standards , Databases, Factual , Research Design , Reference Standards , Statistics as Topic
12.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 12-13, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-290865

ABSTRACT

Fast track surgery is a concept that perfectly integrates the latest evidence of perioperative managements including anesthesia, nursing, surgery and so on. The advantage of fast track surgery can be shown only when strict clinical pathway is ensured. This paper aims to analyze the main reasons why fast track surgery is difficult to be popularized in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Critical Pathways , Evidence-Based Medicine , Perioperative Care
13.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 801-803, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321532

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the safety, feasibility, and efficacy of robotic gastrectomy for gastric cancer using da Vinci surgical system.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 120 patients who underwent robotic gastrectomy using da Vinci surgical system for gastric cancer from May 2010 to April 2012. Data regarding surgical and early oncological outcomes were systematically collected in a specific database for statistical analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 74 males and 46 females, with a mean age of 58.5 (22-80) years old. The type of robotic operation included 62 distal subtotal gastrectomies, 35 total gastrectomies, and 23 proximal gastrectomies. Reconstruction of the alimentary tract was achieved using extracorporeal method through a minilaparotomy in 55 cases, and intracorporeal robot-sewn anastomosis in 65 cases. There was 1 conversion (0.9%). The operative time was (245±50) min and the docking time (17±5) min. The blood loss was (70±45) ml. The number of harvested lymph nodes was 22.5±10.7. The resection margins were negative in all surgical specimens. The postoperative pathological stage consisted of stage I B in 24 cases, stage II in 28, stage III A in 47, and stage III B in 21. Six patients (5%) developed postoperative complication including 1 case of duodenal stump leakage, 2 cases of esophagus-gastric leakage, 1 case of small bowel obstruction, 1 case of delayed gastric emptying, and 1 case of abdominal bleeding. All the complications were cured by reoperation or conservative therapy, and there were no postoperative 30-day deaths. The postoperative hospital stay was (6.3±2.6) days.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Robotic gastrectomy for the treatment of gastric cancer is a feasible and safe procedure, and is advantageous in terms of lymphadenectomy and alimentary tract reconstruction.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Gastrectomy , Methods , Retrospective Studies , Robotics , Stomach Neoplasms , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
14.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 804-806, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321531

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the clinical efficacy of robot-assisted procedure with laparoscopic surgery for gastric cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of patients who underwent gastrectomy in the Department of General Surgery in the Affiliated Jinling Hospital, Nanjing University Medical College from January 2009 to December 2011 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 97 patients undergoing robotic gastrectomy(ROB group) and 70 patients undergoing laparoscopic gastrectomy (LAP group). The following parameters were compared between these two groups: intraoperative factors, oncologic outcomes, and short-term surgical outcomes.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the operations were performed successfully without conversion. Compared with the LAP group, the ROB group had less intraoperative blood loss [(80.8±53.1) vs. (153.7±26.4) ml, P=0.001], more number of lymph node dissection [(23.1±5.4) vs. (20.0±4.3), P=0.001], longer operative time [(272.3±46.1) vs. (240.3±89.1) min, P=0.001], earlier semifluid diet time [(3.2±0.8) vs. (3.6±1.2) d, P=0.002], shorter postoperative hospital stay [(6.1±2.6) vs. (6.9±2.3) d, P=0.037]. There were no significant differences in the length of distal and proximal margin, postoperative ambulation time, ventilation time and postoperative complications(all P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The robotic gastrectomy is safe and feasible for gastric cancer. It has many advantages such as less blood loss, more number of lymph node dissection and quicker recovery. Similar radical resection can be achieved compared to laparoscopic gastrectomy.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Gastrectomy , Methods , Laparoscopy , Retrospective Studies , Robotics , Stomach Neoplasms , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
15.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 807-809, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321530

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To summarize the clinical experience of transanal specimen extraction and introduce how to achieve the rectum reconstruction in robotic rectal cancer surgery.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 15 cases undergoing rectal cancer resection with the da Vinci robotic system in Jinglin Hospital between February 2012 and May 2012 were analyzed retrospectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 9 males and 6 females with a mean age of (61.5±9.2) years old. All the cases underwent robotic surgery successfully without intraoperative conversion. The average operative time was (154.7±10.6) min with minimal blood loss (17.3±6.5) ml. The time to first flatus was (2.3±0.8) days postoperatively. The postoperative hospital stay was (3.3±0.6) days. The mean number of lymph node harvested from the surgical specimen was (15.0±1.2). All the resection margins were negative. All the patients had postoperative follow-up ranging from 4 to 8 weeks. There were no postoperative infection, anastomotic leak, incision hernia, or short-term deaths.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>da Vinci robotic system greatly reduces the difficulty of the rectal cancer surgery with its unique light source system and flexible equipment operation.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anal Canal , General Surgery , Rectal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Robotics , Methods , Treatment Outcome
16.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 776-777, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-312367

ABSTRACT

Laparoscopic gastrectomy has not become a common procedure for gastric cancer due to the difficulties of performing D2 lymphadenectomy and reconstruction of digestive tract by the conventional laparoscopic instruments. The da Vinci system provides 3D visualization, enhanced magnification, and seven degrees of freedom of the instruments to suture and knot in the narrow surgical space, so it can perform totally robotic gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy and robot-sewing anastomosis for reconstruction. Application of robotic system can expand the indications of minimally invasive surgery in treatment of gastric cancer. Combination fast-track surgery to optimize the perioperative management with the technique of minimally invasive surgery can enhance the recovery of surgical gastric cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gastrectomy , Methods , Laparoscopy , Methods , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Robotics , Stomach Neoplasms , General Surgery
17.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 327-329, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237124

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the safety and feasibility of robotic-assisted laparoscopic colectomy for colonic cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical outcomes of 13 patients with colon cancer undergoing robotic-assisted laparoscopic colectomy from May 2010 to November 2010 were retrospectively evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the operations were performed successfully, including 5 right colectomies, 3 left colectomies, and 5 sigmoidectomies. The operative time was (171.5±31.8) minutes. The estimated blood loss was (54.6±21.8) ml. Time to the return of bowel function was (60.9±15.8) hours and postoperative hospital stay was (6.4±3.6) days. There was one patient developed fat liquefaction at the incision. No bleeding, anastomotic fistula, anastomotic stenosis, or other complications were found.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Robotic-assisted laparoscopic colectomy is safe and feasible for colon cancer resection.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Colonic Neoplasms , General Surgery , Digestive System Surgical Procedures , Methods , Laparoscopy , Retrospective Studies , Robotics , Treatment Outcome
18.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 187-191, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351203

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the expression of autophagy after ischemia/reperfusion and its possible function in rats hippocampus neurons.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>After 2 hours oxygen-glucose deprivation and different periods time of reperfusion (OGD/R) treatment in primary hippocampal neurons, neuron viability was evaluated by MTT assay, specific structure of autophagosome and specific protein of autophagy microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 B (LC3B) were detected by transmission electron microscope and immunofluorescence respectively. The inhibitor of autophagy 3-Methyladenine (3-MA) was also used to exam the viability of neurons.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Treatment by OGD/R markedly reduced neuronal viability. Compared to the control group, autophagy existed in different time periods after OGD/R shown both in transmission electron microscope and immunofluorescence. Application of 3-MA significantly reduced neuronal viability.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Oxygen-glucose deprivation can activate autophagy in rat hippocampus neurons, which may resist the injury during ischemia/reperfusion.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Autophagy , Physiology , Brain Ischemia , Pathology , Cell Hypoxia , Culture Media, Serum-Free , Hippocampus , Cell Biology , Pathology , Neurons , Pathology , Primary Cell Culture , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reperfusion Injury , Pathology
19.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 342-345, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266346

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the efficacy and safety of fast-track surgery(FTS) in patients with colorectal cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and sixteen patients with colorectal cancer underwent colorectal operation between June 2006 and May 2008. FTS procedures were used in these patients during the study period. Data were retrospectively analyzed pertaining to post-operative hospital stay and operative complications.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The median postoperative hospital stay was (5.6+/-5.4)(range 1-54) d. Fourteen patients(12.1%) had postoperative complications, in which the rate of anastomotic leakage and wound infection was 1.7% and 2.6% respectively. 30-day readmission rate was 1.7%, and the 30-day mortality was 0.9%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Fast-track surgery is feasible in an unselected patient population undergoing elective colorectal cancer resection without compromising surgical outcomes.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Colorectal Neoplasms , Rehabilitation , General Surgery , Digestive System Surgical Procedures , Postoperative Care , Methods , Retrospective Studies
20.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 249-252, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-270712

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To summarize the clinical experiences in percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG)/percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy (PEJ).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 578 patients who received either PEG or PEJ from July 2001 to December 2007 in our hospital. The data analyzed included the type, aim, duration, success rate, and complications of these procedures.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of 578 patients, 247 patients underwent PEG, 293 patients underwent percutaneous endoscopic gastrojejunostomy (PEGJ), 4 patients received percutaneous endoscopic duodenostomy (PED), 4 patients underwent direct percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy (DPEJ), 4 patients underwent percutaneous endoscopic colostomy (PEC), and 26 patients received PEG/J combined stents. These procedures were performed in different clinical conditions, including enteral nutrition (n = 329), decompression combined enteral nutrition (n = 133), decompression of the gastrointestinal tract (n = 103), enteral nutrition combined bile refeeding (n = 5), perioperative applications (n = 4), and coloclysis (n = 4). Tubes were successfully placed in 578 patients (98.0%) in an average time of (7.5 +/- 1.9) min in PEG, (17.7 +/- 4.2) min in PEGJ, (14.8 +/- 2.1) min in DPEJ, (12.3 +/- 2.5) min in PED, (11.3 +/- 2.6) min in PEC, and (30.2 +/- 5.2) min in PEG/J combined stent, respectively. No procedure-related complications were observed. Major complications were found in 6 patients (1.04%) and minor complications in 36 patients (6.23%). The duration of tube functioning was (168.37 +/- 198.64) d.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>PEG/PEJ are easy to handle, effective, safe, and convenient for nursing. The endoscopic method of tube placement can be performed at the bedside and allow for enteral feeding, gastrointestinal decompression, and internal biliary drainage to be rapidly and efficiently achieved.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Enteral Nutrition , Methods , Gastroscopy , Methods , Gastrostomy , Methods , Jejunostomy , Methods , Retrospective Studies
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